[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a useful way for assessing treatment response and relapse. We studied the value of MRD and showed a correlation with relapse for 34 adult patients with ALL. MRD was evaluated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) with probes derived from fusion chimeric genes (BCR/ABL) (n = 12) or PCR-based detection of clonal immunoglobulin and T cell receptor gene rearrangements (n = 16), or both (n = 6). We analyzed 27 of the 34 patients who could be examined for MRD on day 100 after induction therapy. The overall survival (OS) rate (45.0%) and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate (40.0%) at 2 years in complete remission (CR) patients with MRD level ≥ 10⁻³ (n = 12) were significantly lower than those in CR patients with MRD level <10(-3) (n = 15) (OS rate 79.0%, RFS rate 79.4%) (log-rank test, P = 0.017 and 0.0007). We also applied multicolor flow cytometry for comparison with MRD results analyzed by PCR methods. The comparison of results obtained in 27 follow-up samples showed consistency in 17 samples (63.0%) (P = 0.057). MRD analysis on day 100 is important for treatment decision in adult ALL.
International journal of hematology 10/2010; 92(3):481-9. · 1.17 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Interleukin (IL)-12 is a 70-kDa cytokine comprised of two disulfide-linked proteins (p35 and p40) and is essential for the initiation of effective immune response. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) affects the balance in the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines. We investigated the serum IL-12 p40 and IL-12 Mix (p40 and p70) production in 28 patients with B-cell lineage non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) treated with chemotherapy (e.g., CHOP regimen) with or without G-CSF administration and eight healthy volunteers. We found that serum levels of IL-12 p40 (191.2 +/- 150.0 pg/mL) and IL-12 Mix (277.4 +/- 274.5 pg/mL) in the patients before chemotherapy were higher than those in the healthy volunteers (IL-12 p40: 76.4 +/- 25.3 pg/mL, IL-12 Mix: 48.5 +/- 33.4 pg/mL) (P = 0.04 and 0.02, respectively). Next, we examined the serum IL-12 p40 and IL-12 Mix levels in nine patients receiving chemotherapy with administration of G-CSF (CG group, n = 9) and without G-CSF (C group, n = 9). Serum IL-12 p40 and IL-12 Mix levels were decreased on 10 d after chemotherapy in both groups, and those in CG groups were significantly lower than those in C group. These results indicated that administration of G-CSF decreased serum IL-12 p40 and IL-12 Mix levels. Overall survival (OS) at 24 months was not significantly different in the two groups (58.3% in group C vs. 80.0% in group CG, P = 0.67). However, the survival rate of patients at clinical stages III and IV in CG group (n = 6, 66.0%) was significantly better than that of patients in C group (n = 4, 25.0%) (P = 0.02). Long-term administration of G-CSF appears to influence the survival rate by reducing immunosuppressive IL-12 p40 production.
European Journal Of Haematology 12/2006; 77(5):403-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Treatment guidelines for patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) have been changed recently due to the clinical application of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication but there has been no detailed multi-center analysis of the hematological effects of H. pylori eradication. The Clinical Hematology Forum consists of 11 large hematological departments and divisions in the Hokkaido area. We sent questionnaires to these 11 hematological departments and divisions in March 2003 to obtain information on current treatment strategies for patients with ITP and hematological results after the eradication of H. pylori. Questionnaires were returned by 9 (81.8%) of the 11 departments. Doctors in all hospitals had experience in diagnosis and treatment of H. pylori infection. Diagnostic examinations for H. pylori infection were performed in 54.3% of the registered cases. H. pylori infection was detected in 68.1% of the examined cases, and eradication treatment was performed in 87.7% of H. pylori-positive patients. H. pylori was eradicated in 52 (83.9%) of the 62 patients in whom the results of treatment could be evaluated. Among the patients whose platelet counts were less than 10.0 x 10(4)/microl, platelet recovery was observed in 48.8% of cases with successful eradication, a percentage similar to previously reported percentages in Japan. There was no prognostic factor to predict good responders before eradication treatment. Since the side effects of eradication treatment, including gastrointestinal symptoms and skin eruptions, were not serious, this method might become a front-line treatment for patients with ITP. Patient selection for eradication as an up-front treatment, analysis of the pathophysiology of platelet recovery after eradication and long-term effects should be investigated to make new treatment guidelines for newly diagnosed patients with ITP.
[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology 08/2004; 45(7):539-45.