A Psyrri

Attikon University Hospital, Athínai, Attica, Greece

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Publications (39)176.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract AIM: To evaluate the effect of chemotherapy to the acute toxicity of a hypofractionated radiotherapy (HFRT) schedule for breast cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 116 breast cancer patients with T1, 2N0Mx. The patients received 3-D conformal radiotherapy with a total physical dose of 50.54 Gy or 53.2 Gy in 19 or 20 fractions according to stage, over 23-24 d. The last three to four fractions were delivered as a sequential tumor boost. All patients were monitored for acute skin toxicity according to the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Radiation Therapy Oncology Group criteria. The maximum monitored value was taken as the final grading score. Multivariate analysis was performed for the contribution of age, chemotherapy and 19 vs 20 fractions to the radiation acute skin toxicity. RESULTS: The acute radiation induced skin toxicity was as following: grade I 27.6%, grade II 7.8% and grade III 2.6%. No significant correlation was noted between toxicity grading and chemotherapy (P = 0.154, χ(2) test). The mean values of acute toxicity score in terms of chemotherapy or not, were 0.64 and 0.46 respectively (P = 0.109, Mann Whitney test). No significant correlation was also noted between acute skin toxicity and radiotherapy fractions (P = 0.47, χ(2) test). According to univariate analysis, only chemotherapy contributed significantly to the development of acute skin toxicity but with a critical value of P = 0.05. However, in multivariate analysis, chemotherapy lost its statistical significance. None of the patients during the 2-years of follow-up presented any locoregional relapse. CONCLUSION: There is no clear evidence that chemotherapy has an impact to acute skin toxicity after an HFRT schedule. A randomized trial is needed for definite conclusions
    World J Clin Cases. 11/2014; 2(11):705-710.
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been hypothesised to modulate the effectiveness of anti-HER2 therapy. We used a standardised, quantitative immunofluorescence assay and a novel EGFR antibody to evaluate the correlation between EGFR expression and clinical outcome in the North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG) N9831 trial.Methods:Tissue microarrays were constructed that allowed analysis of 1365 patients randomly assigned to receive chemotherapy alone (Arm A), sequential trastuzumab after chemotherapy (Arm B) and chemotherapy with concurrent trastuzumab (Arm C). Measurement of EGFR was performed using the EGFR antibody, D38B1, on the fluorescence-based AQUA platform. The result was validated using an independent retrospective metastatic breast cancer cohort (n=130).Results:Epidermal growth factor receptor assessed as a continuous (logarithmic transformed) variable shows an association with disease-free survival in Arm C (P=0.009) but not in Arm A or B. High EGFR expression was associated with worse outcome (Hazard ratio (HR)=2.15; 95% CI 1.28-3.60, P=0.004). Validation in a Greek metastatic breast cancer cohort showed an HR associated with high EGFR expression of 1.92 (P=0.0073).Conclusions:High expression of EGFR appears to be associated with decreased benefit from adjuvant concurrent trastuzumab. Since other treatment options exist for HER2-driven tumours, further validation of these data may select patients for alternative or additive therapy.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 12 August 2014; doi:10.1038/bjc.2014.442 www.bjcancer.com.
    British journal of cancer. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) was traditionally associated with smoking and alcohol use; however, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has recently been implicated as a novel risk factor for oropharyngeal tumors. Furthermore, HPV-associated oropharyngeal carcinoma appears to be a distinct entity with different epidemiology, biology, and clinical outcomes.
    Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO. 07/2014;
  • G Mountzios, T Rampias, A Psyrri
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    ABSTRACT: Squamous cell cancer of the Head and Neck (SCCHN) represents a heterogeneous disease entity, with various etiological factors implicated in the genesis of distinct molecular subsets of tumors, which exhibit different biological and clinical behavior. Treatment of SCCHN is expected to change in the next decade as targeted therapies continue to make strides. Recently, next-generation sequencing studies conducted on approximately 190 SCCHN specimens shed light into the molecular pathogenesis of the disease. These studies discovered mutations in genes involved in the differentiation program of squamous epithelium and the Notch/p63 axis (such as NOTCH1, TP63 and FBXW7), and validated genetic alterations derived from previous studies (such as mutations in TP53, CDKN2A, PIK3CA, CCND1 and HRAS) as driver genetic events in SCCHN neoplastic transformation. More recently, comprehensive data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project on 306 SCCHN specimens provided further insight into SCCHN inherent molecular complexity, identifying novel significantly mutated genes, including FAT1, MLL2, TGFRBR2, HLA-A, NFE2l2 and CASP8. Herein, we provide an overview of the mutational spectrum of SCCHN, with emphasis on the clinical implementation of this knowledge. We also discuss the potential integration of new data within the framework of precision cancer medicine.
    Annals of Oncology 04/2014; · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor human papillomavirus (HPV) status is an important prognostic factor in locoregionally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Prognostic value in recurrent and/or metastatic (R/M) disease remains to be confirmed. This retrospective analysis of the EXTREME trial, comparing chemotherapy plus cetuximab with chemotherapy first line in R/M SCCHN, investigated efficacy and prognosis according to tumor p16 and HPV status. Paired tissue samples were used: p16INK4A expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry, and HPV status determined in extracted DNA samples using oligonucleotide hybridization assays. Altogether, 416 of 442 patients had tumor samples available for p16 and HPV: 10% of tumors were p16 positive and 5% were HPV positive. Adding cetuximab to chemotherapy improved survival, irrespective of tumor p16 or HPV status. This pattern remained in a combined analysis of p16 and HPV. p16 positivity and HPV positivity were associated with prolonged survival compared with p16 negativity and HPV negativity. Subgroup analysis of patients with oropharyngeal cancer demonstrated a similar pattern to all evaluable patients. The results from this analysis suggest that p16 and HPV status have prognostic value in R/M SCCHN and survival benefits of chemotherapy plus cetuximab over chemotherapy alone are independent of tumor p16 and HPV status.
    Annals of Oncology 02/2014; · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: In this report, we investigated the prognostic value of the cell cycle analysis parameters of patients with unresectable locally advanced head and neck squamous carcinoma treated with two different radiotherapy regimens. The secondary endpoint was the evaluation of quality of life before and after radiotherapy in both schedules. Methods: Twenty two patients were randomized to receive either conventional (70 Gy/2 Gy/fr) or accelerated (64.4 Gy/2.3Gy/fr) 3-D Conformal RT. A fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the primary or gross adenopathy combined with flow cytometry was carried out before any treatment. QLQ-H&N35 questionnaire was assessed in all patients, performed at baseline and a week after radiotherapy. Results: Finally, specimens from only nine patients were eligible for flow cytometry. The spearman rho correlation showed no statistical significance between the expression malignant cells in the different cell cycle phases and overall survival, except a trend in S phase (rho= -0.54, P=0.088). A significant (p < 0.05, Wilcoxon test) better outcome (pre vs post-RT) was observed in the scales of global QoL H&N 35 at 29 out of the 35 scales in both RT schedules. No statistical difference was found in QoL H&N 35 scales for conventional versus accelerated schedule of radiotherapy (P>0.05, Mann Whitney test). No difference in survival was noted between the two groups (P=0.92, log-rank test). Acute and late radiation induced toxicity was also equivalent in both schedules. Conclusions: This study identified that both radiotherapy arms were equivalent in terms of QoL and toxicity. The number of cells in S phase correlated negatively but not-significantly with overall survival. A statistical significant improvement of quality of life was observed one month after the end of irradiation in both arms. More patients with eligible for analysis specimens are needed for the extraction of safe results.
    Head & Neck Oncology 04/2013; 5(4):36. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background We sought to determine biomarker expression differences in head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCCs) based on p16/human papillomavirus (HPV) classification. In addition, our aim was to explore how expression of biomarkers is modulated after E6/E7 repression in HPV16(+) oropharyngeal cancer cells.MethodsHPV16(+) and HPV(-) HNSCC cells were infected with retroviruses expressing short hairpin RNA targeting HPV16 E6/E7. Components of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway before and after E6/E7 gene silencing were analyzed by immunoblotting and qRT-PCR. Protein expression of 13 biomarkers was analyzed using AQUA on a tissue microarray (TMA). The HPV16 status was determined using HPV16 in situ hybridization (ISH).ResultsIn HPV16(+) cells, E6/E7 silencing was associated with PTEN upregulation and reduction of phosphorylated EGFR. Tumors were classified into four categories based on the HPV and p16 status. HPV(+)/p16(+) tumors expressed significantly higher levels of E-cadherin (P = 0.003), PTEN (P = 0.004), lower levels of PI3Kp110 and β-catenin (P = 0.07). There was a significant difference in overall survival (OS, P = 0.016) among the four subsets. The median OS was 24.83 months for p16(-)/HPV(-) patients, 11.63 for p16(-)/HPV(+) patients and was not reached for p16(+)/HPV(-) and p16(+)/HPV(+) groups.Conclusions Aberrant EGFR signaling contributes to malignant conversion of HPV16(+) HNSCC cells. These results validate β-catenin as a distinct biomarker in HPV(+)/p16(+) HNSCC. Wnt signaling inhibitors merit exploration in HPV(+)/p16(+) HNSCC.
    Annals of Oncology 02/2013; · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The combinations of methotrexate, vinblastine, Adriamycin, cisplatin (Pharmanell, Athens, Greece) (MVAC) or gemcitabine, cisplatin (GC) represent the standard treatment of advanced urothelial cancer (UC). Dose-dense (DD)-MVAC has achieved longer progression-free survival (PFS) than the conventional MVAC. However, the role of GC intensification has not been studied. We conducted a randomized, phase III study comparing a DD-GC regimen with DD-MVAC in advanced UC.Patients and methodsOne hundred and thirty patients were randomly assigned between DD-MVAC: 66 (M 30 mg/m(2), V 3 mg/m(2), A 30 mg/m(2), C 70 mg/m(2) q 2 weeks) and DD-GC 64 (G 2500 mg/m(2), C 70 mg/m(2) q 2 weeks). The median follow-up was 52.1 months (89 events).ResultsThe median overall survival (OS) and PFS were 19 and 8.5 months for DD-MVAC and 18 and 7.8 months for DD-GC (P = 0.98 and 0.36, respectively). Neutropenic infections were less frequent for DD-GC than for DD-MVAC (0% versus 8%). More patients on DD-GC received at least six cycles of treatment (85% versus 63%, P = 0.011) and the discontinuation rate was lower for DD-GC (3% versus 13%).Conclusions Although DD-GC was not superior to DD-MVAC, it was better tolerated. DD-GC could be considered as a reasonable therapeutic option for further study in this patient population.Clinical Trial NumberACTRN12610000845033, www.anzctr.org.au.
    Annals of Oncology 11/2012; · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The hepatocellular carcinoma-related protein 1 (HCRP1) is a key factor in the degradation of the epidermal growth factor receptor. In this study, we assessed the prognostic significance of HCRP1 expression in patients with oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OOSCC). METHODS: HCRP1 expression was determined by immunohistochemistry on tissue biopsy sections of 111 patients with locally advanced OOSCC undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression models were used for survival analyses. RESULTS: Low HCRP1 expression was associated with poor recurrence-free survival (P = 0.046) and overall survival (P = 0.03). Multivariate analysis revealed that low HCRP1 expression remained an independent risk factor for relapse (HR 2.98, 95% CI 1.19-7.49, P = 0.02) and death (HR 3.04, 95% CI 1.19-7.79, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Low HCRP1 expression was found to be of adverse prognostic significance in patients with OOSCC who received preoperative chemoradiotherapy.
    Oral Diseases 07/2012; · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    European Journal of Cancer Supplements. 03/2012; 10(1):76–81.
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    ABSTRACT: The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) plays a pivotal role in tumorigenesis. Components of the UPS have recently been implicated in breast cancer progression. In the present study, we sought to explore the prognostic and/or predictive significance of UBE2C messenger RNA (mRNA) expression on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in high-risk operable breast cancer patients. Five hundred and ninety-five high-risk breast cancer patients were treated in a two-arm trial evaluating postoperative, dose-dense sequential chemotherapy with epirubicin followed by CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil) with or without paclitaxel (Taxol). RNA was extracted from 313 formalin-fixed primary tumor tissue samples followed by one-step quantitative RT-PCR for assessment of mRNA expression of UBE2C. High UBE2C mRNA expression was associated with poor DFS (Wald's P = 0.003) and OS (Wald's P = 0.005). High tumor grade, as well as high Ki67 protein expression, was more frequent in the high-expression group of UBE2C. Results of the Cox multivariate regression analysis revealed that high UBE2C mRNA expression remained an independent adverse prognostic factor for relapse (P = 0.037) and death (P = 0.05). High UBE2C mRNA expression was found to be of adverse prognostic significance in high-risk breast cancer patients. These findings need to be validated in larger cohorts.
    Annals of Oncology 11/2011; 23(6):1422-7. · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • A Psyrri, E Cohen
    Annals of Oncology 05/2011; 22(5):997-9. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oral squamous cell carcinoma has a remarkable incidence worldwide and a fairly onerous prognosis, encouraging further research on factors that might modify disease outcome. A web-based search for all types of articles published was initiated using Medline/Pub Med, with the key words such as oral cancer, alcohol consumption, genetic polymorphisms, tobacco smoking and prevention. The search was restricted to articles published in English, with no publication date restriction (last update 2010). In this review article, we approach the factors for a cytologic diagnosis during OSCC development and the markers used in modern diagnostic technologies as well. We also reviewed available studies of the combined effects of alcohol drinking and genetic polymorphisms on alcohol-related cancer risk. The interaction of smoking and alcohol significantly increases the risk for aero-digestive cancers. The interaction between smoking and alcohol consumption seems to be responsible for a significant amount of disease. Published scientific data show promising pathways for the future development of more effective prognosis. There is a clear need for new prognostic indicators, which could be used in diagnostics and, therefore a better selection of the most effective treatment can be achieved.
    Head & Neck Oncology 01/2011; 3:2. · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • J A Langendijk, A Psyrri
    Annals of Oncology 10/2010; 21(10):1931-4. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this phase II study the efficacy and toxicity of an alternating chemotherapy regimen was examined in platinum-resistant relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. Forty-five patients with platinum-refractory/resistant relapsed EOC, previously treated with carboplatin+paclitaxel+/-epirubicin were included. The regimen was consisted of gemcitabine 800 mg/m(2) (days 1+8) and carboplatin AUC 5, alternating with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin 30 mg/m(2) and carboplatin AUC 5, alternating with carboplatin AUC 5 and cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m(2), every 3 weeks for a total of 9 cycles. Among 38 patients with measurable disease, 39.4% (95% CI: 23.2-55.7) responded (five complete response and 10 partial response), while 30 out of 40 (75%) patients assessable by CA125 criteria had a serological response. Responses were more frequent in patients with platinum-free interval (PFI) 3-6 months than in those with PFI 0-3 months, but this was not statistically-significant. After a median follow-up of 19.5 months (range, 1.0-37+ months) the median progression-free survival was 7.1 months (95% CI: 3.4-10.8) and the median survival (OS) was 18.8 months (95% CI: 15.6-22.0). For patients with PFI 0-3 months PFS was 4.3 (95% CI: 0.8-7.8) months, while for those with PFI 3-6 months PFS was 8.9 (95% CI: 5.3-12.4) months (p=0.062). The regimen was well-tolerated and the main grade 3-4 toxicity was myelosuppression, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia, allergy and fatigue. This alternating regimen, including carboplatin, gemcitabine, liposomal doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide, is an active and well-tolerated treatment in platinum relapsed/refractory EOC patients.
    Gynecologic Oncology 07/2010; 118(1):52-7. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) is the sixth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. These tumors are commonly diagnosed at advanced stages and mortality rates remain high. Even cured patients suffer the consequences of aggressive treatment that includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. In the past, in clinical trials, HNSCC was considered as a single disease entity. Advances in molecular biology with the development of genomic and proteomic approaches have demonstrated distinct prognostic HNSCC patient subsets beyond those defined by traditional clinical-pathological factors such as tumor subsite and stage [Cho W (ed). An Omics Perspective on Cancer Research. New York/Berlin: Springer 2010]. Validation of these biomarkers in large prospective clinical trials is required before their clinical implementation. To promote this research, the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Head and Neck Cancer Program will develop the following strategies-(i) biobanking: prospective tissue collection from uniformly treated patients in the setting of clinical trials; (ii) a group of physicians, physician-scientists, and EORTC Headquarters staff devoted to patient-oriented head and neck cancer research; (iii) a collaboration between the basic scientists of the Translational Research Division interested in head and neck cancer research and the physicians of the Head and Neck Cancer Group; and (iv) funding through the EORTC Grant Program and the Network Core Institutions Consortium. In the present report, we summarize our strategic plans to promote head and neck cancer research within the EORTC framework.
    Annals of Oncology 03/2010; 21(10):1952-60. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer metastasis to the stomach is rare. It is very important to distinguish a breast cancer metastasis to the stomach from a primary gastric cancer on the basis of clinical, endoscopic, radiological and histopathological features, in order to administer the appropriate treatment. Eight patients with breast cancer metastasis to the stomach were identified in our database between 1995 and 2008. The clinicopathological data and outcome from the medical records of these patients were then reviewed. The median age at initial breast cancer diagnosis was 59.5 years (range 44-75 years), while the median interval between the primary breast cancer and the gastric involvement was 41 months (range 2-82 months). The primary breast cancer histological subtype was mostly lobular carcinoma. All the biopsy specimens were estrogen receptor (ER), cytokeratin (CK) 7 and gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 (GCDFP-15) positive and CK-20 negative, while two of them (25%) were HER-2-neu positive. All the patients received chemotherapy and two of them were also treated with hormonal treatment. Two patients underwent surgical intervention, while one patient who had gastric involvement as the only metastatic site will proceed to surgical resection of the stomach. All these three patients were alive after 9, 39 and 44 months of follow-up, respectively. The response rate to chemotherapy was 50% (1 complete response [CR], 3 partial responses [PR]), and the median survival was 11 months (range, 1-44+ months). Breast cancer metastasis to the stomach can be differentiated from primary gastric cancer by comparing the biopsies from the gastric metastasis with the original histological slides from the primary breast tumor. Appropriate systemic treatment for metastatic breast carcinoma is the preferred treatment, whereas surgical intervention should be reserved for palliation or may be indicated in cases of solitary resectable gastrointestinal tract metastases.
    Anticancer research 11/2009; 29(11):4759-63. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our objective was to investigate the impact of methotrexate, paclitaxel, ifosfamide, and cisplatin (M-TIP) on long-term fertility in poor-risk nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT). Thirty patients with poor-risk NSGCT (median age, 29 years; range, 17-62 years) were treated with methotrexate 250 mg/m(2) with folinic acid rescue (day 1) and paclitaxel 175 mg/m(2) (day 1), followed by ifosfamide 1.2 g/m(2) and cisplatin 20 mg/m(2) (days 2-6). Treatment consisted of 4 cycles of M-TIP administered every 3 weeks. Twenty-one patients were continuously disease-free at a median follow-up of 5.3 years (range, 0.9-8.4 years). Sperm count and hormonal analyses were examined prechemotherapy (30 patients) and postchemotherapy (21 patients). Counts were classified as follows: lower than 1 x 10(6)/mL, azoospermia; 1-20 x 10(6)/mL, oligospermia (OS); higher than 20 x 10(6)/mL, normospermia (NS). Patients were followed for a median of 2.3 years (range, 0.9-3.8 years) postchemotherapy. The prechemotherapy median luteinizing hormone (LH) serum levels were slightly above the upper normal limit, whereas the serum levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone (T) were within the reference interval. Eleven (52.3%) patients had NS prechemotherapy. Among the patients with NS, 72.7% still had NS following chemotherapy. Overall, 17 of 21 (80.9%; 33.3% OS and 47.6% NS) patients had recovery of spermatogenesis after treatment. The median FSH serum levels were significantly elevated at least 1 year postchemotherapy when compared with the pretreatment levels. Eighteen months after the completion of chemotherapy the median FSH levels had returned to the reference limits. Serum LH and T levels were unaffected by chemotherapy. Prior to chemotherapy 4 of 30 patients had fathered 5 children. Since completion of chemotherapy, 5 patients have fathered 5 children. The majority of men with poor-risk germ cell tumors who were treated with the M-TIP regimen demonstrated recovery spermatogenesis after treatment, and Leydig cell function was unaffected.
    Journal of Andrology 02/2009; 30(3):280-6. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal lymphoma is the most common form of extranodal lymphoma, accounting for 30%-40% of cases. The most commonly involved site is the stomach (60%-75% of cases), followed by the small bowel, ileum, cecum, colon and rectum. The most common histological subtypes are diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT). Helicobacter pylori infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of MALT gastric lymphoma, but its role in gastric diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is controversial. The therapeutic approach for patients with gastric NHL has been revised over the last 10 years. Conservative treatment with anthracycline-based chemotherapy alone or in combination with involved-field radiotherapy has replaced gastrectomy as standard therapy in cases with DLBCL. Additionally, MALT lymphomas are mainly treated with antibiotics alone, which can induce lasting remissions in those cases associated with H. pylori infection. Nevertheless, various therapeutic aspects for primary gastric lymphomas are still controversial and several questions remain unanswered. Among others, the role of rituximab, consolidation radiotherapy as well as H. pylori eradication in histological aggressive subtypes warrants better clarification.
    Annals of Oncology 12/2008; 19(12):1992-9. · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • A Psyrri, S Tsiodras
    Annals of Oncology 09/2008; 19 Suppl 7:vii189-94. · 7.38 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

425 Citations
176.61 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Attikon University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine IV
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2012
    • Alexandra Regional General Hospital
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
    • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2004–2008
    • Yale-New Haven Hospital
      • Department of Pathology
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States
  • 2007
    • Athens State University
      Athens, Alabama, United States
  • 2004–2006
    • Yale University
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States