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Publications (7)27.59 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Ovarian epithelial carcinoma can be subdivided into separate histological subtypes including clear cell, endometrioid, mucinous, and serous. These carcinoma subtypes may represent distinctive pathways of tumorigenesis and disease development. This distinction could potentially be reflected in the levels of tumor produced factors that enter into the circulation and serve as biomarkers of malignant growth. Here, we analyze levels of circulating biomarkers from a diverse set of patients diagnosed with ovarian carcinoma to identify biomarker trends and relationships associated with distinct carcinoma histotypes and divergent tumorigenic pathways. We utilize multiplexed bead-based immunoassays to measure serum levels of a diverse array of fifty-eight biomarkers from the sera of patients diagnosed with various histological subtypes of ovarian carcinoma and benign lesions. The biomarkers studied include cancer antigens, oncogenes, cytokines, chemokines, receptors, growth and angiogenic factors, proteases, hormones, and apoptosis and adhesion related molecules. Levels of each biomarker are compared statistically across carcinoma subtypes as well as with benign cases. A total of 21 serum biomarkers differ significantly between patients diagnosed with ovarian carcinomas and benign cases. Nine of these biomarkers are specific for carcinomas identified as clear cell, endometrioid, or mucinous in histology, while two biomarkers are specific for the serous histology. In a direct comparison of the histology groups, ten biomarkers are found to be subtype specific. Identified biomarkers include traditional and emerging tumor markers, cytokines and receptors, hormones, and adhesion- and metastasis-related proteins. We demonstrate here that the divergent histology-based tumorigenic pathways proposed for ovarian epithelial carcinomas are associated with distinct profiles of circulating biomarkers. Continued investigation into the relationships between these factors should reveal new insights into the complex mechanisms underlying ovarian epithelial tumorigenesis.
    Gynecologic Oncology 12/2008; 112(1):47-54. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thyroid cancer incidence is increasing, and its diagnosis can be challenging. Fine needle biopsy, the principal clinical tool to make a tissue diagnosis, leads to inconclusive diagnoses in up to 30% of the cases, leading to surgery. Advances in proteomics are improving abilities to diagnose malignant conditions using small samples of tissue or body fluids. We hypothesized that analysis of serum growth factors would uncover diagnostically informative differences between benign and malignant thyroid conditions. Using xMAP profiling, we evaluated concentrations of 19 cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors. We used sera from 23 patients with cancer (Malignant group), 24 patients with benign nodular thyroid disease (Benign group), and 23 healthy subjects (Normal group). In univariate analysis, five factors (epithelial growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor, Interleukins-5 and -8, and regulated upon activation, normally T-expressed and presumably secreted (RANTES) distinguished subjects with thyroid disease from the Normal group. In multivariate analysis, the set {Interleukin-8, hepatocyte growth factor, monocyte-induced interferon, interleukin-12 p40} achieved noteworthy discrimination between Benign and Malignant groups (area under the receiver operating characteristics curve was 0.81 (95% confidence interval: 0.65–0.90)). Multiplex panels of serum biomarkers may be promising tools to diagnose cancer in patients presenting with evidence of nodular thyroid disease.
    PROTEOMICS - CLINICAL APPLICATIONS 10/2008; 2(12):1575 - 1585. · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endometrial carcinoma is the most common gynecologic cancer. Although the prognosis for endometrial cancer is generally good, cancers identified at late stages are associated with high levels of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, prevention and early detection may further reduce the burden of this challenging disease. A panel of 64 serum biomarkers was analyzed in sera of patients with stages I-III endometrial cancer and age-matched healthy women, utilizing a multiplex xMAP bead-based immunoassay. For multivariate analysis, four different statistical classification methods were used: logistic regression (LR), separating hyperplane (SHP), k nearest neighbors (KNN), and classification tree (CART). For each of these classifiers, a diagnostic model was created based on the cross-validation set consisting of sera from 115 patients with endometrial cancer and 135 healthy women. Our data have demonstrated that patients with endometrial cancer have significantly different expression patterns of several serum biomarkers as compared to healthy controls. Prolactin was the strongest discriminative biomarker for endometrial cancer providing 98.3% sensitivity and 98.0% specificity alone. Our results have revealed that serum concentration of cancer antigens, including CA 125, CA 15-3, and CEA are higher in patients with Stage III endometrial cancer as compared to those with Stage I. In addition, we have shown that the expression of CA 125, AFP, and ACTH is elevated in women with tumor grade 3 vs. grade 1. Furthermore, five-biomarker panel (prolactin, GH, Eotaxin, E-selectin, and TSH) identified in this study was able to discriminate endometrial cancer from ovarian and breast cancers with high sensitivity and specificity. The ability of prolactin to accurately discriminate between cancer and control groups indicates that this biomarker could potentially be used for development of blood-based test for the early detection of endometrial cancer in high-risk populations. Combining the information on multiple serum markers using flexible statistical methods allows for achieving high cancer selectivity.
    Gynecologic Oncology 11/2007; 107(1):58-65. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interferon (IFN)-alpha2b is the only Food and Drug Administration-approved treatment for operable high-risk melanoma that has been shown to significantly and durably prolong relapse-free survival (RFS) of patients with stage IIB-III melanoma. Development of reliable serum assays may contribute to the development of methods for earlier detection of melanoma and the selection of patients who may be most susceptible to current available interventions with IFNalpha. A powerful high-throughput xMAP multiplex immunobead assay technology (Luminex Corp., Austin, TX) was used to simultaneously test 29 cytokines, chemokines, angiogenic as well as growth factors, and soluble receptors in the sera of 179 patients with high-risk melanoma and 378 healthy individuals. Serum concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12p40, IL-13, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha, MIP-1beta, IFNalpha, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, epidermal growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and TNF receptor II were found to be significantly higher in patients with resected high-risk melanoma compared with healthy controls. Bayesian Network algorithm classification of the data offered 90% sensitivity at 98% specificity with 96.5% of melanoma patients distinguished from healthy individuals. IFN-alpha2b therapy resulted in a significant decrease of serum levels of immunosuppressive and tumor angiogenic/growth stimulatory factors (VEGF, epidermal growth factor, and hepatocyte growth factor) and increased levels of antiangiogenic IFN-gamma inducible protein 10 (IP-10) and IFN-alpha. Pretreatment levels of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1beta, IL-1alpha, IL-6, TNF-alpha, and chemokines MIP-1alpha and MIP-1beta were found to be significantly higher in the serum of patients with longer RFS values of 1 to 5 and >5 years when compared with patients with shorter RFS of <1 year. These data show that multiplexed analysis of serum biomarkers is useful for the evaluation of prognostic markers of clinical outcome and potential predictive markers of response to IFN-alpha2b in patients with high-risk operable melanoma.
    Clinical Cancer Research 04/2007; 13(8):2422-8. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is an aggressive disease that has been linked to altered immune, inflammatory, and angiogenesis responses. A better understanding of these aberrant responses might improve early detection and prognosis of SCCHN and provide novel therapeutic targets. Previous studies examined the role of multiplexed serum biomarkers in small cohorts or SCCHN sera. We hypothesized that an expanded panel comprised of multiple cytokines, chemokines, growth factors, and other tumor markers, which individually may show some promising correlation with disease status, might provide higher diagnostic power if used in combination. Thus, we evaluated a novel multianalyte LabMAP profiling technology that allows simultaneous measurement of multiple serum biomarkers. Concentrations of 60 cytokines, growth factors, and tumor antigens were measured in the sera of 116 SCCHN patients before treatment (active disease group), 103 patients who were successfully treated (no evidence of disease group), and 117 smoker controls without evidence of cancer. The multimarker panel offering the highest diagnostic power was comprised of 25 biomarkers, including epidermal growth factor, epidermal growth factor receptor, interleukin (IL)-8, tissue plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, alpha-fetoprotein, matrix metalloproteinase-2, matrix metalloproteinase-3, IFN-alpha, IFN-gamma, IFN-inducible protein-10, regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha, IL-7, IL-17, IL-1 receptor-alpha, IL-2 receptor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, mesothelin, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1, E-selectin, cytokeratin-19, vascular cell adhesion molecule, and cancer antigen-125. Statistical analysis using an ADE algorithm resulted in a sensitivity of 84.5%, specificity of 98%, and 92% of patients in the active disease group correctly classified from a cross-validation serum set. The data presented show that simultaneous testing using a multiplexed panel of serum biomarkers may present a promising new approach for the early detection of head and neck cancer.
    Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers &amp Prevention 02/2007; 16(1):102-7. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Early detection of ovarian cancer might improve clinical outcome. Some studies have shown the role of cytokines as a new group of tumor markers for ovarian cancer. We hypothesized that a panel comprised of multiple cytokines, which individually may not show strong correlation with the disease, might provide higher diagnostic power. To evaluate the diagnostic utility of cytokine panel, we used a novel multianalyte LabMAP profiling technology that allows simultaneous measurement of multiple markers. Concentrations of 24 cytokines (cytokines/chemokines, growth, and angiogenic factors) in combination with cancer antigen-125 (CA-125), were measured in sera of 44 patients with early-stage ovarian cancer, 45 healthy women, and 37 patients with benign pelvic tumors. Six markers, i.e., interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, epidermal growth factor (EGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and CA-125, showed significant differences in serum concentrations between ovarian cancer and control groups. Out of this group, IL-6, IL-8, VEGF, EGF, and CA-125, were used in a classification tree analysis that resulted in 84% sensitivity at 95% specificity. The receiver operator characteristic curve created using the combination of markers produced sensitivities between 90% and 100% in the area of 80% to 90% specificity, whereas the receiver operator characteristic curve for CA-125 alone resulted in sensitivities of 70% to 80%. The classification tree analysis for discrimination of benign condition from ovarian cancer used CA-125, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), IL-6, EGF, and VEGF resulting in 86.5% sensitivity and 93.0% specificity. The presented data show that simultaneous testing of a panel of serum cytokines and CA-125 using LabMAP technology may present a promising approach for ovarian cancer detection.
    Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers &amp Prevention 05/2005; 14(4):981-7. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Early detection of pancreatic cancer might improve clinical outcome. Significant alterations in the levels of individual serum cytokines have been reported in pancreatic cancer. We hypothesized that a multicytokine panel could serve as biomarkers for pancreatic cancer. To evaluate the diagnostic utility of such a panel, we have utilized a novel multianalyte LabMAP profiling technology that allows simultaneous measurement of multiple markers. In this study, a panel of 31 serological markers including cytokines, chemokines, growth and angiogenic factors in combination with CA 19-9 was analyzed in sera of pancreatic cancer patients, patients with chronic pancreatitis, and matched control healthy subjects. Statistical analysis identified a multicytokine panel that was able to distinguish pancreatic cancer from healthy controls with a sensitivity of 85.7% and specificity of 92.3%, which was superior to performance of CA 19-9 alone. Importantly, a multicytokine panel allowed the discrimination of pancreatic cancer from chronic pancreatitis with high sensitivity of 98% and specificity of 96.4%. In conclusion, we demonstrated that analysis of multiple serum cytokines using a novel LabMAP technology is a promising approach for development of a diagnostic assay for pancreatic cancer.
    Cancer biomarkers: section A of Disease markers 02/2005; 1(6):259-69. · 0.97 Impact Factor