P Palomino

Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Madrid, Spain

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Publications (64)225.77 Total impact

  • Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - J ALLERG CLIN IMMUNOL. 01/2010; 125(2).
  • Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - J ALLERG CLIN IMMUNOL. 01/2009; 123(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Previous results demonstrated that sensitization to specific olive pollen allergens could be related with a different clinical pattern (asthma and/or rhinitis), and that specific patterns of sensitization are regulated by different HLA class II antigens. The authors analyze the possible implication of 7 genetic polymorphisms described as asthma susceptibility genes: IL13 (C-1112T and R130Q), IL4RA (I50V, Q551R), IL5 (C-746T) and ADRB2 (Q27E and R16G) in specific olive pollen allergic sensitization. The authors genotyped seven polymorphisms of the IL13, IL4RA, IL5 and ADRB2 genes in 146 patients allergic to olive pollen with seasonal rhinitis/asthma and 50 controls using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and real-time polymerase chain reaction techniques. Two polymorphisms of IL13 were associated with allergy to olive pollen: the TT genotype of IL13 C-1112T was decreased (odds ratio, OR = 0.35, p = 0.006) whereas the RQ heterozygous genotype of IL13 R130Q increased in patients allergic to olive pollen (OR = 3.12, p = 0.009). The combined analysis of two IL4RA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (I50V and Q551R) showed an association with asthma: IL4RA V50/Q551 was associated with risk (OR = 2.48, p = 0.007) whereas the IL4RA V50R551 haplotype was associated with protection (OR = 0.31, p = 0.003). The IL13 polymorphisms under study were associated with specific allergy to olive pollen: the IL13 C-1112T polymorphism as a protective factor and the IL13 R130Q polymorphism as a risk factor. Interestingly, although single polymorphisms of IL4RA are not associated with any phenotype analyzed, the interaction between IL4RA I50V/Q551R was strongly associated with the asthma phenotype. IL13 and IL4RA could be relevant markers for allergy to olive pollen and asthma development.
    International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 11/2008; 148(3):228-38. · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article summarizes the most important advances of recent years in the field of gene-environment interaction in allergic response. It specifically examines sensitization to olive pollen as an example of one of the main causes of allergic disease in the Mediterranean area. The presence of at least 20 proteins with allergic activity has been demonstrated in olive pollen, and 10 of these have been characterized (Ole e 1 to Ole e 10). Ole e 1, which is considered to be the majority allergen (causing sensitization in more than 70% of patients), has been the subject of many studies looking for risk factors and ways to protect against sensitization. Markers of the major histocompatibility complex and other genetic loci associated with the allergic response have been analyzed using population-based, family-based, and functional approaches, which have revealed the involvement of genetic regulation in this type of response. Furthermore, evaluation of environmental factors and their relationship with genetic factors is essential when attempting to understand this type of disease. In this review, we provide examples of how exposure to high doses of olive pollen allergen in a specific genetic context can trigger different allergic conditions (from asthma to nonresponse). We stress the importance of evaluating these factors in order to modulate this response correctly.
    Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology: official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunología 02/2007; 17 Suppl 1:31-5. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Toxic Oil Syndrome (TOS) is a multisystemic disease that occurred in Spain in 1981 due to the ingestion of rapeseed oil denatured with 2% aniline. Female prevalence and the different clinical evolution even inside the same family (similar exposition), pointed to genetic implications. Furthermore, HLA-DR2 was increased in patients dead because of TOS. Th2 activation and eosinophilia implicated immunological mechanisms. For those reasons we firstly decided, to do a genome-wide search by linkage mapping set along the chromosome 6 (where HLA loci are located), to identify loci associated to the TOS development. The design was case-control-matched (n = 328). By this procedure, microsatellite (near to HLA) was related with the patients. After fine-mapping around this marker, we defined four more closely related to TOS-, , and . Secondly, we analysed in 420 patients, the association of these four markers with 14 TOS clinical phenotypes. We demonstrated that alveolar infiltration, liver disease and scleroderma are clearly associated with . As conclusion, we have identified in chromosome 6, a region where are located some genes related with autoimmune diseases, associated with certain TOS phenotypes, pointing out the possible role of autoimmune reactions in the pathogenesis of the disease.
    Toxicology Letters 03/2006; 161(1):83-8. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously demonstrated that treatment of acute asthmatic rats with gene therapy using plasmid-encoding Galectin-3 (Gal-3) resulted in an improvement of cellular and functional respiratory parameters. The next question that we wanted to clarify was if in a chronic situation where the treated animal continues to inhale the Ag, does this procedure prevent the chronicity and the remodeling? Chronic inflammation was induced by intranasal administration of OVA over a period of 12 wk. In the treated group, the Gal-3 gene was introduced by intranasal instillation in 50 mul of plasmid-encoding Gal-3. Noninvasive airway responsiveness to methacholine was tested at different times. Cells were obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage and used for RNA extraction and cytometric studies. Eosinophils were counted in blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Real-time PCR was used to measure Gal-3 and cytokine mRNA expression in lung. Lungs were paraffined and histologic analyses were performed (H&E, periodic acid-Schiff, and Masson Trichrome stain). Our results showed that 12 wk after the first intranasal Ag instillation in chronically asthmatic mice, treatment with the Gal-3 gene led to an improvement in the eosinophil count and the normalization of hyperresponsiveness to methacholine. Concomitantly, this treatment resulted in an improvement in mucus secretion and subepithelial fibrosis in the chronically asthmatic mice, with a quantitatively measured reduction in lung collagen, a prominent feature of airway remodeling. Plasmid-encoding Gal-3 acts as a novel treatment for chronic asthma in mice producing nearly complete blockade of Ag responses with respect to eosinophil airway accumulation, airway hyperresponsiveness, and remodeling.
    The Journal of Immunology 03/2006; 176(3):1943-50. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pathophysiology of asthma involves an intricate network of molecular and cellular interactions. Elevated Th2 cytokines (interleukin [IL]-5 and IL-4) associated with eosinophilic inflammation characterize allergic diseases and provide potential targets for immunomodulation. Recent evidence has demonstrated that galectin-3 induces selective downregulation of IL-5 gene expression in several cell types (eosinophils, T cell lines, and antigen specific T cells). Accordingly, we sought to elucidate whether in vivo intratracheal instillation of plasmid DNA encoding galectin-3 would inhibit an experimental asthmatic reaction in a rat model with increased eosinophils and T cells in bronchoalveolar fluid and impaired pulmonary function. We found that instillation of galectin-3 gene in these rats led to normalization of the eosinophil and T cell count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and that there was a strong concomitant inhibition of IL-5 mRNA in the lungs. As a consequence, galectin-3-treated rats showed recovery of pulmonary functional parameters, such as pulmonary pressure and expiratory flows. These data emphasize the potential utility of galectin-3 as a novel therapeutic approach for treatment of allergic asthma.
    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 10/2002; 166(5):732-7. · 11.04 Impact Factor
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    Allergy 02/2002; 57 Suppl 71:41-6. · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - J ALLERG CLIN IMMUNOL. 01/2002; 109(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Spanish gypsies have traditionally lived as nomads, a reason why few epidemiological studies were done in this ethnic group. However, the high prevalence of asthmatic diseases demonstrated in a population residing in the North of Spain induces us to analyse whether it was due to the influence of genetic loci previously implicated in other population studies as causing the disorders. DRB1* and DQB1* HLA class II, TCR-Valpha8.1, FcepsilonRI-beta Rsa I exon 7 and intron 2, TNF-beta (LTalpha-Nco I) and CD14, were tested for association with asthma and atopy by multiple regression analysis, in 5 families comprising 87 individuals. Significant associations were found with DQB1*02 (p = 0.02) and DQB1*0301 (p = 0.008) and elevated levels of total serum IgE. A negative association (p = 0.02) was found between total serum IgE and DRB1*14. FcepsilonRI-beta Rsa I-In2 allele 1 was associated with high levels of total serum IgE (p = 0.04). Levels of Der p 1 IgE antibodies were negatively associated with DRB1*11-DQB1*0301 (p = 0.007), and positively with TCR Valpha-8 allele 1 (p = 0.04) and with FcepsilonRI-beta Rsa I-In2 allele 1 (p = 0.009). Our results do not show any association between asthma and the genetic loci studied although they do suggest the existence of multiple genetic influences on the allergic response in these families.
    International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 09/2001; 125(4):297-306. · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives- Several attempts have been made to determine the gestational period in which the maximum number of fetal cells can be found in maternal blood and consequently which is the best week in which to perform a reliable non-invasive prenatal diagnosis. Most studies conclude that the number of nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) increases in line with gestation, but the number of cells that are fetal in origin (FNRBC) decreases in the third trimester. The aim of the present study was to make a practical comparative evaluation of the first and second trimesters to ascertain the period in which a greater number of FNRBC can be found of the total number of NRBC identified. Methods- Double density gradient and a posterior positive selection (CD71) by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) were employed. In the final fraction, erythroblasts were identified using Kleihauer staining and were studied using the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) interphasic technique. Results- There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between the mean number of FNRBC found in the first and second trimesters. Conclusions- The number of FNRBC increases from the first to the second trimester. It appears that the optimum week in which to perform a reliable non-invasive prenatal diagnosis is around the 15th week.
    Prenatal Diagnosis 03/2001; 21(3):165-70. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The family Cupressaceae is a relevant source of allergens that causes winter respiratory allergies. Cloning and sequencing the major antigen of Cupressus arizonica is important for a better diagnosis and treatment of sensitized patients. To obtain a full-length complementary DNA for Cup a 1, the major allergen of Cupressus arizonica pollen. It was cloned and sequenced and the recombinant protein was expressed. Messenger RNA from Cupressus arizonica pollen was obtained and the Cup a 1 sequence was established using a 3'-RACE system and primers based on the N-terminal amino acid sequence. Recombinant Cup a 1 was cloned in pBluescript and expressed in a glycosylated form in rabbit reticulocytes. The cDNA was subcloned in pGEX-5X-1 and expressed in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with GST. Recombinant Cup a 1 is highly homologous with the major allergens of mountain cedar (Jun a 1), Japanese cypress (Cha o 1) and Japanese cedar (Cry j 1). Cup a 1 contains three potential N-glycosylation sites that are different from those found in Jun a 1 and Cry j 1. The cloned protein contains a pectate lyase active site identical to those of Cry j 1 and Jun a 1. The IgE from patients' sera recognizes recombinant Cup a 1, and this reactivity is higher with the glycosylated protein. Cup a 1 has been cloned and sequenced. As expected, the high degree of homology with Cha o 1, Jun a 1 and Cry j 1 explains the cross-reactivity of conifer pollens. Different IgE reactivity with the glycosylated and non-glycosylated protein suggests the importance of carbohydrate moieties in the IgE binding site.
    Clinical & Experimental Allergy 01/2001; 30(12):1750-8. · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) is crucial in regulating the phosphorylation status of cells. CD148 is a recently described membrane-type PTP. In this study, we have demonstrated that this molecule is expressed on human eosinophils and eosinophilic cell line EoL-3. Interestingly, our data also showed that this molecule acts as a transduction molecule on these cells. Thus, the crosslinking of CD148 was able to induce the degranulation and the induction of superoxide anion generation. By using specific inhibitor and by western blotting, we have shown that tyrosine kinase activation is involved in this transduction pathway. In addition, we have shown the presence of a serine/threonine kinase activity associated with CD148. In conclusion, the activation capacity of CD148 on eosinophils suggests a potential role of this molecule on inflammatory diseases, such as allergic and parasitic diseases, associated with eosinophilia.
    Journal of Leukocyte Biology 08/2000; 68(1):31-7. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ingestion of the parasitic nematode Anisakis simplex in undercooked fish can cause severe allergic reactions in some individuals. Using pooled human sera from sensitized patients we have probed an expression library for A. simplex antigens. One positive clone was found to encode a full length 21 kDa protein with strong homology to nematode troponins. The recombinant protein was expressed as a GST-fusion protein and found by immunoblot analysis to react with sera from 20% of allergic patients. The presence of functional EF-hand Ca2+ binding motifs was demonstrated by gel-shift analysis.
    Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 05/2000; 107(2):263-268. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous work demonstrated the capacity of galectin-3 (a beta-galactoside binding animal lectin) to inhibit IL-5 gene expression in different cell types, but the interaction of lectin with the cells and the pathways for the inhibition process are unknown. One of the purposes of this work was to study the cellular ligand for galectin-3. We have demonstrated that galectin-3 can bind to the low affinity IgG receptor (FcgammaRII or CD32) by using different experimental approaches, such as flow cytometry, fusion protein GST technology, and with a model of FcgammaRII-deficient mice. To further analyze the interaction between FcgammaRII and galectin-3, and its implication in IL-5 gene down-regulation we used FcgammaRII-deficient mice. When PBMC from these mice were incubated with galectin-3, the expression of the IL-5 gene was unchanged. However, when PBMC from wild type mice and FcgammaRIII-deficient mice were incubated with galectin-3, IL-5 gene expression was down-regulated. Finally, we studied the implication of the negative regulatory sequence in the IL-5 gene promoter. In the presence of galectin-3, a DNA-protein complex was formed with the IL-5REIII region. This complex was not observed when unrelated oligonucleotide was used. So, galectin-3 induces a pathway, which activates a transcription factor that binds to IL-5REIII. This interaction is capable of inhibiting IL-5 gene transcription.
    Glycobiology 04/2000; 10(3):237-42. · 3.54 Impact Factor
  • Prenatal Diagnosis 04/2000; 20(3):264-5. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The major antigen of olive tree pollen, Ole e 1, produces an IgE response restricted by DQ2. Our purpose was to further analyze the genetic restrictions associated with IgE and IgG antibodies against Ole e 1 and IgE against the recently described antigen Ole e 3. Twenty-two nuclear olive pollen-allergic families (n = 88) were selected. DRB1 and DQB1, TCR-Valpha 8.1, the high-affinity receptor of IgE (FcepsilonRI-beta) Rsa I exon 7 and intron 2 and TNF-beta (LTalpha-Nco I) polymorphisms were determined by PCR and analyzed for association with allergic traits by the multiallelic transmission disequilibrium test. Significant associations were found among HLA-DQB1*0201 (n = 29) and high levels of IgG (P =.023) and IgE (P =.0136) antibodies to Ole e 1 and with IgE specific to Ole e 3 (P =.0368). DRB1*0701 was associated with high levels of total serum IgE (P =.04) and IgG against Ole e 1 (P =.025). The FcepsilonRI-beta Rsa I exon 7, allele 1 (n = 39), was associated with high levels of total serum IgE (P =. 01), IgE antibodies against Olea europaea extract (P =.004), and specific antibodies to Ole e 1, IgG (P =.04), and IgE (P =.006). The FcepsilonRI-beta Rsa I intron 2, allele 2 (n = 33), was associated with IgE antibodies to O europaea extract (P =.003) and specific antibodies to Ole e 1, IgG (P =.025), and IgE (P =.05). We found a new association between IgE antibody response to Ole e 3 and DQB1*0201 and verified the previously reported association between Ole e 1-specific response and DQB1*0201. Also, the association between FcepsilonRI-beta and IgE antibodies against Ole e 1 was demonstrated.
    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 03/2000; 105(2 Pt 1):292-8. · 12.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Toxic oil syndrome (TOS) was an epidemic which broke out in Spain in 1981, caused by the ingestion of rapeseed oil denatured with 2% aniline and sold illegally as edible oil. More than 20,000 people were affected and mortality rate was 8.4%. Genetic susceptibility appears to be involved in the pathology of this disease. Several reports have described association between the chronic stage of the disease and DR-DQ antigens (DR3, DR4, DR2 and DQ8). In the present work, we have reassessed the HLA class II antigens in a well-designed case-control study. Triplets of subjects (n=265) composed by chronic patients (n=117), non-affected family members (n=71) and non-related controls (n=77) were studied. Also, HLA class II antigens were analyzed in patients who had died from TOS (n= 34) and in TOS control patients who died from other non-TOS related causes (n=13). Regarding surviving patients no significant association was found between HLA and disease. In contrast, an increase in phenotypic frequency of DR2 antigen, was found in patients who had died from TOS (73.5%) compared with the whole study group: TOS-affected alive patients (25.6%, corrected P<0.001), non-affected family members (28.5%, corrected P<0.001), non-related controls (23.9%, corrected P<0.001) and dead controls (38.4%, P=0.03).
    Tissue Antigens 02/2000; 55(2):110-7. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The potential use of fetal cells circulating in maternal blood for a non-invasive prenatal diagnosis has been widely described. Several authors have developed different methods for the enrichment of fetal cells from maternal peripheral blood. The aim of this study was to make a practical valuation of this new prenatal diagnosis technique, using those methods described as efficient and easy to carry out in a prenatal diagnosis unit. These methods consist of the double-density gradient and the positive selection by magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) of the fetal erythroblasts, and the posterior study of the cells applying the FISH interphasic technique. Once the technique was ready, we obtained results from the study of 66 venous blood samples from women coming for prenatal diagnosis. Using a specific staining for fetal haemoglobin, fetal cells were identified in 63 cases. Fetal sex was well determined in 56 cases, 23 females and 33 males; in 7 cases the sex determination failed. All the aneuploidies found in a previous prenatal diagnosis were confirmed.
    Prenatal Diagnosis 11/1999; 19(10):934-40. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anisakis simplex is a parasite of fish, and in the case of human infestation, it should be considered as a possible cause of gastrointestinal disease, especially in countries where raw or undercooked fish is a frequent food. Clinical features of anisakiasis may simulate acute abdominal pain, such as that found in patients with gastric ulcers, appendicitis, and Crohn's disease. Furthermore, many cases of anisakiasis are diagnosed as eosinophilic gastroenteritis, which is a broad term for a specific disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the immunopathogenesis of human gastrointestinal infestation by A simplex. Thirteen intestinal biopsy specimens from patients with anisakiasis were analyzed for the presence of messenger (m)RNA for different cytokines and inflammatory mediators by RT-PCR. Specific IgE, eosinophil cationic protein, eosinophil protein X, and tryptase levels were measured in each patient's serum. Also, cell cultures were set up with lymphocytes from some patients and stimulated in vitro with Anisakis and Ascaris antigens. We performed immunologic phenotyping in 13 patients. All patients underwent biopsy after emergency surgery caused by episodes of acute abdominal pain. In all cases inflammatory infiltrate composed of eosinophils and lymphocytes was found in the intestinal wall. We demonstrated that after infestation, a T(H2)-type immune response occurred. Also, major basic protein, nitric oxide, and eotaxin were found in the tissue, and eosinophil cationic protein and eosinophil protein X levels were elevated in sera. These data and in vitro lymphocyte cultures indicate that a T(H2) mechanism plays an important role in the inflammatory infiltrate produced by the anchorage of parasites in the gastrointestinal wall.
    Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 10/1999; 104(3 Pt 1):637-43. · 12.05 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

747 Citations
225.77 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1988–2007
    • Fundación Jiménez Díaz
      • Servicio de Inmunología
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 1997
    • Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
      • Departamento de Inmunología
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 1990
    • Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón
      • Department of Immunology
      Madrid, Madrid, Spain