E E Camargo

University of Campinas, Campinas, Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (66)112.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cerebrovascular lesions are frequently observed in patients with sickle-cell disease (SCD) and these structural lesions are preceded by insidious perfusion deficits. Our aim was to investigate the presence of brain perfusion deficits in neurologically asymptomatic SCD patients, especially affecting microvessels. For this study, 42 SCD patients [33 sickle-cell anemia (HbSS), 6 sickle hemoglobin C disease (HbSC), and 3 sickle β-thalassemia disease (HbSβ)] with mean hematocrit of 25.1 (±4.85; 15.6-38.5) underwent brain perfusion single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) using the tracer (99m)Tc-ECD. Images from SCD patients were compared to images of a healthy control group (29 females and 20 males, mean age 31 ± 8; range 25-49 years). Images underwent voxel-wise comparison of regional tracer uptake using paired t-test to estimate the probability of each voxel to have an increased or decreased tracer uptake. When compared to controls, SCD patients exhibited significantly reduced tracer uptake in basal ganglia and thalami, the anterior frontal region and the watershed region of the temporo-parietal-occipital transition (p < 0.05). Our study showed that neurologically asymptomatic adult SCD patients exhibit a pattern of reduced (99m)Tc-ECD tracer uptake demonstrated by SPECT. Early diagnosis of this cerebral vasculopathy has prognostic implications and can be determinant in considering therapeutic alternatives to avoid increasing brain lesion load and progressive disability.
    Frontiers in Neurology 01/2013; 4:207.
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    ABSTRACT: This study had the purpose of studying gastric emptying in patients with chronic renal failure. Thirty patients with chronic renal failure were studied, 16 in conservative clinical treatment and 14 in hemodialysis for over six months. The control group (CTL) was composed of 18 asymptomatic volunteers. The method of gastric emptying study was scintigraphy. The standardized test meal was an omelet of three chicken eggs prepared with colloidal sulfur marked with 185 MBq of 99m technetium. Gastric retention curves were studied and T½ of gastric emptying was obtained from them. A T½ value corresponding to the average of T½ values of control group plus twice standard deviation was considered nornmal. Statistical tests used were χ(2) and Kruskal-Wallis. There was no statistically significant difference with regard to total gastric retention curves and T½ of gastric emptying, which was similar in three studied groups. Nine patients had high T½ of gastric emptying, above 125 minutes. These patients were equally distributed among both genders and conservative clinical treatment and hemodialysis groups. We concluded that gastric retention rate and T½ of gastric emptying in patients with chronic renal failure in conservative clinical treatment and hemodialysis does not differ from the healthy patients group. Hemodialysis does not seem to reduce the risk of gastric retention in patients with chronic renal failure.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia 01/2012; 62(1):39-47.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to compare the clinical target volumes (CTV) delineated by computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET)/CT using fluoro-deoxy-glucose to assess the impact of using PET information for radiotherapy (RT) planning. We retrospectively reviewed data on patients with tumors from different sites who had indications for RT and had undergone RT treatment planning with PET/CT at our institution between July 2003 and July 2009. Statistical analysis included the comparison of CTV planned for treatment only by CT (CTV(CT)) with that by PET/CT (CTV(PET)) using the Wilcoxon test for paired samples. Of 105 patients eligible for analysis, 56.2% were men. The most common diagnoses were head and neck cancer (28.6%), lung cancer (21.9%), lymphoma (11.4%), upper gastrointestinal (10.5%), and others (14.3%). Comparison of CTV(CT) and CTV(PET) revealed that RT planning has changed in 77% of cases because of PET/CT additional information, with impact on treatment volume varying according to diagnosis. Despite the absolute difference observed between median CTVs, there was no significant difference between CTV(CT) and CTV(PET) (114 vs. 90.4 ml, respectively; P=0.1266), considering all patients. Nonetheless, a significant difference between CTVs delineated by CT and PET/CT was found when only head and neck, lung and lymphoma cases--representing more than 60% of the sample--were examined (112.5 and 80.7 ml, respectively; P=0.0053). We have shown that PET/CT use promotes significant changes in the CTV delineated for treatment of different tumors, modifying RT planning. Our data suggest that PET/CT has a good potential for optimizing RT treatment planning, especially in head and neck, lung, and lymphoma tumors.
    Nuclear Medicine Communications 10/2011; 32(10):903-7. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Demonstrate brain perfusion changes due to neuronal activation after functional electrical stimulation (FES). It was studied 14 patients with hemiplegia who were submitted to a program with FES during fourteen weeks. Brain perfusion SPECT was performed before and after FES therapy. These patients were further separated into 2 groups according to the hemiplegia cause: cranial trauma and major vascular insults. All SPECT images were analyzed using SPM. There was a significant statistical difference between the two groups related to patient's ages and extent of hypoperfusion in the SPECT. Patients with cranial trauma had a reduction in the hypoperfused area and patients with major vascular insult had an increase in the hypoperfused area after FES therapy. FES therapy can result in brain perfusion improvement in patients with brain lesions due to cranial trauma but probably not in patients with major vascular insults with large infarct area.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria 08/2011; 69(4):682-6. · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evaluate the efficacy of cumulative doses (CDs) of 131I-iodide therapy (RIT) in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The probability of progressive disease according to CDs was evaluated in patients < 45 years old and > 45 years old and correlated to tumor-node-metastasis (TNM), thyroglobulin values, histological types and variants, age, and zduration of the disease. At the end of a follow-up period of 69 ± 56 months, 85 out of 150 DTC patients submitted to fixed doses RIT had no evidence of disease, 47 had stable disease and 18 had progressive disease. Higher CDs were used in the more aggressive variants (p < 0.0001), higher TNM stages (p < 0.0001), and follicular carcinomas (p = 0.0034). Probability of disease progression was higher with CDs > 600 mCi in patients > 45 years old and with CDs > 800 mCi in patients < 45 years. Although some patients may still respond to high CDs, the impact of further RIT should be carefully evaluated and other treatment strategies may be warranted.
    Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia 12/2010; 54(9):807-12. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of [F-18] FDG-PET/CT on the restaging and changing management of patients with malignant melanoma. Seventy-eight patients (32 female, 27-83 years) were reviewed. Treatment planning before and after [F-18] FDG-PET/CT scan was evaluated for changes in the management of the disease. Restaging was classified according to the disease extent as follows: local recurrence, locoregional recurrence or distant recurrence. Initial restaging of patients was as follows: local recurrence in 11 patients, locoregional recurrence in 23 patients and distant recurrence in 44 of 78 patients. All the patients were injected with 370 MBq of [F-18] FDG and imaged from the head to feet after 60 min. All the patients fasted for 4-6 h before imaging and blood glucose levels were below 140 mg/dl. Images were taken using a PET/CT scanner (Siemens Biograph). Two nuclear medicine physicians and a radiologist (all experienced in oncology) interpreted the images. In 27% of the patients the management was changed after the [F-18] FDG-PET/CT studies. Upstaging from locoregional recurrence to distant recurrence occurred in a striking 5 of 23 (22%) patients. The sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values for lesion detection were 95%, and accuracy was 94.9%. There were two false-positive and two false-negative studies. [F-18] FDG-PET/CT seems to be a valuable diagnostic tool in restaging and management of patients with malignant melanoma suspected of recurrence especially in patients with locoregional recurrence and distant recurrence.
    Nuclear Medicine Communications 11/2010; 31(11):925-30. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare thyroid imaging using Tc-99m sestamibi with the standard Tc-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy in patients on chronic use of amiodarone. A total of 23 patients on oral amiodarone for at least 4 months had thyroid scintigraphy and uptake measurement using Tc-99m pertechnetate and Tc-99m sestamibi. Thyroid function was evaluated by measuring serum concentrations of thyrotropin, free thyroxine, and free triiodothyronine, and antithyroglobulin and antithyroperoxidase antibodies. Ten of the 23 patients were euthyroid, 9 hypothyroid, and 4 hyperthyroid, with normal, increased, and decreased serum thyrotropin, respectively. All euthyroid patients had markedly decreased thyroid Tc-99m pertechnetate uptake and normal or slightly increased Tc-99m sestamibi uptake, except for one patient who had increased uptake of both radiotracers. One of the 4 hyperthyroid patients had Graves' disease and markedly increased thyroid uptake of both tracers. The other 3 hyperthyroid patients had normal or decreased Tc-99m pertechnetate uptake and increased Tc-99m sestamibi uptake. Differently than expected, all 9 hypothyroid patients had normal or increased uptake of both radiopharmaceuticals. This study suggests that Tc-99m sestamibi may be an alternative tracer for thyroid scintigraphy and uptake measurement of patients on chronic use of amiodarone. Tc-99m sestamibi seems to be better than Tc-99m pertechnetate for the scintigraphic evaluation of the thyroid of euthyroid and hyperthyroid patients.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 04/2010; 35(4):223-7. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the accuracy of SPM and visual analysis of brain SPECT in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Interictal and ictal SPECTs of 22 patients with MTLE were performed. Visual analysis were performed in interictal (VISUAL(inter)) and ictal (VISUAL(ictal/inter)) studies. SPM analysis consisted of comparing interictal (SPM(inter)) and ictal SPECTs (SPM(ictal)) of each patient to control group and by comparing perfusion of temporal lobes in ictal and interictal studies among themselves (SPM(ictal/inter)). For detection of the epileptogenic focus, the sensitivities were as follows: VISUAL(inter)=68%; VISUAL(ictal/inter)=100%; SPM(inter)=45%; SPM(ictal)=64% and SPM(ictal/inter)=77%. SPM was able to detect more areas of hyperperfusion and hypoperfusion. SPM did not improve the sensitivity to detect epileptogenic focus. However, SPM detected different regions of hypoperfusion and hyperperfusion and is therefore a helpful tool for better understand pathophysiology of seizures in MTLE.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria 04/2010; 68(2):153-60. · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain SPECT imaging (BSI) with statistical parametric mapping (SPM) offers a clear and accurate vision of perfusion changes. To study brain perfusion abnormalities in adolescents' dependent of multiple drugs. Sixteen male patients (15.1 + or - 2.1 years) were submitted to (99m)Tc-HMPAO BSI with SPM. Cortical hypoperfusion occurred in 7/16 patients (44%). There was a significant inverse correlation between the number of hypoperfused regions and the patient's age (p= -0.6737; p=0.004) and with the age when the drug dependence began (p= -0.5616; p=0.023). There was also a tendency towards an inverse correlation between regions of hypoperfusion and the duration of the drug dependence. BSI with SPM can help detect hypoperfusion in adolescents dependent on multiple drugs. The younger the patients, the more regions of hypoperfusion are noted. Probably, the neuronal plasticity has an important role in this phenomenon because the highest neural activity occurs in childhood.
    Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria 04/2010; 68(2):161-7. · 0.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the utility of diuretic dynamic renal scintigraphy (DDRS) with technetium-99m-L,L-ethylenedicysteine ((99m)Tc-EC) in patients with indeterminate or possible false-positive results for urinary obstruction by technetium-99m diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid ((99m)Tc-DTPA) DDRS. A total of 92 patients (63 male; mean age, 16.6 +/- 21.25 years) were studied, with a total of 103 kidneys presenting indeterminate (20/103) or possible false-positive results for obstruction attributable to reduced renal function or severe kidney dilation (83/103) by (99m)Tc-DTPA DDRS (<60% of radiopharmaceutical excreted in 20 minutes-half-time clearance [T(1/2)] >15 minutes). Patients were reimaged after intravenous injection of (99m)Tc-EC, with dynamic images before and after furosemide administration using the same acquisition parameters applied in the previous (99m)Tc-DTPA study. Time interval between (99m)Tc-DTPA and (99m)Tc-EC renograms was 2-64 days. The percentage of excreted material 20 minutes after furosemide was calculated using both radiopharmaceuticals, and were statistically compared using the paired samples t test. The excretion after furosemide injection was 25.3% +/- 18.2% for (99m)Tc-DTPA and 41.2% +/- 26.1% for (99m)Tc-EC, with a statistically significant difference between both radiopharmaceuticals (P <.0001). Using (99m)Tc-EC obstruction was excluded in 36 of 103 kidneys, which excreted >60%. A total of 10 of 83 kidneys (12.0%) with an obstructive pattern by (99m)Tc-DTPA study turned out to be indeterminate by (99m)Tc-EC DDRS. There was an agreement between (99m)Tc-EC and (99m)Tc-DTPA studies in 54 of 83 kidneys with obstructive (65.1%) and in 3 of 20 (15.0%) with indeterminate patterns. (99m)Tc-EC was more effective than (99m)Tc-DTPA for excluding obstruction, presenting less false-positive and indeterminate results. (99m)Tc-EC can substitute (99m)Tc-DTPA to evaluate patients with urinary tract dilation.
    Urology 03/2010; 76(2):283-8. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is frequent in Turner's syndrome (TS), followup studies are scant, and there are none regarding subclinical thyroiditis. We investigated thyroid function and morphology in 17 patients with TS (mean age 14.6 years) with transient and asymptomatic variations of TSH and/or thyroid hormones. Our 2-year follow-up included measurements of TSH, free T4, T3 and TPO and Tg antibodies, ultrasound (US) (first and last evaluations) and scintigraphy (first evaluation). Thyroid volume was evaluated relative to the patients' stature. Fourteen had abnormal hormones, including four with hypothyroidism and one with hyperthyroidism, ten had positive antibodies, and all had abnormalities on US; uptake was normal in 14/16. Abnormal hormones were independent of antibodies, number of US findings, age, time of disease and volume. At the end of the follow-up, antibodies were associated with a high number of abnormal US features, particularly heterogeneous texture. Our results indicate that recurring thyroid hormone variations in TS are due to chronic AITD.
    Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM 03/2009; 22(2):109-18. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Dyspeptic symptoms are frequent in renal patients. They are anorexia, nausea, vomit, pain and epigastric distension. These symptoms can be related to the delay in gastric emptying. AIM: To investigate gastric emptying in patients with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis treatment. METHOD: Thirty one subjects (18-60 y) were studied, 14 on hemodialysis for at least 6 months and 17 healthy subjects). Patients with diabetes, amyloidosis, collagenous disease, pregnant, dyspeptic complaints , gastric surgery and patients taking procinetics drugs were excluded. Gastric emptying was investigated with radionuclide scintigraphy, using a dual-head scintillation camera. The standard test meal consisted of 185 MBq of technetium-99m sulfur colloid mixed with three scrambled eggs. For each study group a time-activity curve of gastric retention was generated and from that the T½ of gastric emptying was obtained. RESULTS: The groups were similar both in gender and age. There was no significant statistical difference in total retention curves between the two studied groups. Also the T½ of gastric emptying was similar in the two groups. CONCLUSION: Gastric emptying of patients on hemodialysis treatment for at least 6 months was not different from the health subjects.
    ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (São Paulo). 09/2008; 21(3):120-123.
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    ABSTRACT: Studies using radionuclides are the most appropriate method for estimating renal function. Dimercaptosuccinic acid chelate labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc-DMSA) is the radiopharmaceutical of choice for high-resolution imaging of the renal cortex and estimation of the functional renal mass. The aim of this study was to evaluate a simplified method for determining the absolute renal uptake (ARU) of 99mTc-DMSA prior to nephrectomy, using the radioactivity counts of nephrectomy specimens as the gold standard. Prospective study at the Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Seventeen patients (12 females; range 22-82 years old; mean age 50.8 years old) underwent nephrectomy for various reasons. Renal scintigraphy was performed three to four hours after intravenous administration of a mean dose of 188.7 MBq (5.1 mCi) of 99mTc-DMSA, which was done six to 24 hours before surgery. The in vivo renal uptake of 99mTc-DMSA was determined using the radioactivity of the syringe before the injection (measured using a dose calibrator) and the images of the syringe and kidneys, obtained from a scintillation camera. After surgery, the reference value for renal uptake of 99mTc-DMSA was determined by measuring the radioactivity of the nephrectomy specimen using the same dose calibrator. The ARU measurements were very similar to those obtained using the reference method, as determined by linear regression (r-squared = 0.96). ARU estimation using the proposed method before nephrectomy seems to be accurate and feasible for routine use.
    Sao Paulo Medical Journal 06/2008; 126(3):150-5. · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Women undergoing breast-conserving surgery for cancer can present residual disease. We have developed a technique called Radioguided Intraoperative Margins Evaluation (RIME) that uses a radiopharmaceutical to distinguish normal and cancer tissues. The aim of this study was to assess whether RIME is a feasible technique, and if it could help in breast cancer resection with free margins, minimizing residual disease. Twenty-three breast cancer patients programmed for mastectomy were selected. Before surgery, the patients were submitted to scintimammography with 99mTc-sestamibi to estimate the optimal time to begin radioguided surgery. Twenty patients were submitted to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to evaluate skin, deep fascia and to detect other tumor foci. At the beginning of the surgery, the same dose of 99mTc-sestamibi was intravenously injected into patients. Tumor resection was performed under guidance of a gamma-probe, characterizing the RIME technique. Finally, modified radical mastectomy was performed. Tumor and residual breast were histopathologically examined. The RIME technique was successfully performed in all patients. The principal tumor was removed by this technique and provided 82.6% of histologically free margins (mean margins, 4.8 mm). Additionally, 47.8% of patients were without residual disease. The mean size of residual carcinoma was 3.67 mm and generally located near the tumor bed (<1.5 cm). There was no significant association between presence of residual disease and tumor size or margin status. RIME is a feasible technique that could help tumor resection with free margins; however, it seems to be limited for small carcinoma foci.
    European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 12/2007; 33(10):1150-7. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To achieve a more specific method to estimate the real size of breast cancer, we have developed a method to fuse magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and scintimammography (SM) images. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of this method and to evaluate its accuracy to measure the size of breast cancer compared with MRI alone, mammography, and clinical examination, employing pathologic size as the gold standard. Twenty consecutive breast cancer women at stages IIA-IIIA, scheduled for mastectomies, underwent SM with (99m)Tc-sestamibi and MRI with gadolinium 2-10 days before surgery. All patients had had recent mammographies and were examined clinically. Software was developed in visual language to perform the fusion between MRI and SM images and tumor measurements (MRI/SM). The tumor size, in 3 diameters (anteroposterior, longitudinal, and transverse), for each examination was correlated with pathological measurements using linear regression. The MRI/SM technique was successfully performed in all patients, and the principal tumor was measured by this method. The MRI/SM cancer measurements correlated better with pathology than MRI, mammography, and clinical exam in all diameters analyzed (r = 0.88, 0.81, 0.81; SE = 0.11, 0.14, 0.11 in anteroposterior, longitudinal, and transverse diameters, respectively). The MRI/SM is a feasible technique and appears to be more accurate than other examinations (MRI alone, mammography, and clinical exam) to measure breast cancer size.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 11/2007; 14(10):2903-10. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PET with (18)F-FDG has been considered of limited value for detection of bladder cancer because of the urinary excretion of the tracer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of PET/CT in the detection and restaging of bladder cancer using furosemide and oral hydration to remove the excreted (18)F-FDG from the bladder. Seventeen patients with bladder cancer (11 without cystectomy, 6 with total cystectomy and urinary diversion) underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT from head to the upper thighs 60 min after the intravenous injection of 370 MBq of (18)F-FDG. Additional pelvic images were acquired 1 h after the intravenous injection of furosemide and oral hydration. PET/CT findings were confirmed by MRI, cystoscopy, or biopsy. PET/CT was able to detect bladder lesions in 6 of 11 patients who had not undergone cystectomy. These images changed the PET/CT final reading in 7 patients: Recurrent bladder lesions were detected in 6 patients, pelvic lymph node metastases in 2 patients, and prostate metastasis in 1. This technique overcame the difficulties posed by the urinary excretion of (18)F-FDG. Hypermetabolic lesions could be easily detected by PET and precisely localized in the bladder wall, pelvic lymph nodes, or prostate by CT. Seven of 17 patients (41%) were upstaged only after delayed pelvic images. Detection of locally recurrent or residual bladder tumors can be dramatically improved using (18)F-FDG PET/CT with delayed images after a diuretic and oral hydration.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 06/2007; 48(5):764-70. · 5.77 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Nuclear Medicine 05/2007; 32(4):295-6. · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with Turner syndrome (TS) frequently exhibit transient, recurrent and asymptomatic variations of TSH and/or thyroid hormones (TH). This work was carried out to evaluate thyroid function and structure in patients with TS who had had such variations in hormone concentrations. Our sample comprised 24 patients, 17 less than 20-years old. Evaluation included serum levels of TSH, free T4, total T3, TPO and Tg autoantibodies, thyroid ultrasound (US) and scintigraphy with 99mTc-pertechnetate. Thirteen patients had abnormal TSH and/or TH levels; 23 exhibited US features compatible with chronic thyroid disorder, particularly thyromegaly (established according to volume expected for stature) and heterogeneous echogenicity. Uptake was normal in 21 cases and tracer distribution was homogeneous in 22. The finding of abnormal hormone concentrations was independent of age, length of time since the first similar finding, thyroid autoantibodies, number of abnormalities at US and abnormal scintigraphic findings. Patients aged more than 20 years had higher frequency of thyroid antibodies and heterogeneous echogenicity, and thyroid volume was significantly correlated to length of time since detection of the first hormone variation, indicating progressive thyroid disease. These results suggest that subclinical thyroid dysfunction in TS is due to chronic autoimmune thyroid disease.
    Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 05/2007; 51(3):401-9. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the value of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) of brain SPECT (single-photon emission computed tomography) images (BSI) in discriminating active central nervous system (CNS) manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Patients and Forty SLE patients (mean age 33 yrs) and 33 normal volunteers were submitted to BSI. SLE patients were screened for the presence of CNS involvement following the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) case definition. Patients with CNS infections, uraemia, diabetes and previous ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke were excluded. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were obtained in a 2T scanner (Elscint Prestige) with T1- and T2-weighted images. BSI were performed after injection of 1110 MBq (30 mCi) of (99m)Tc-ECD (ethyl-cysteinate-dimer). BSI were analysed using the statistical parametric mapping. After normalization, segmentation and smoothing the groups of SLE patients with active and inactive CNS manifestations and healthy volunteers were compared using VBM. Post-processed images were compared voxel-by-voxel using t-test in order to determine differences of intensity between groups. This analysis included grand mean scaling, proportional threshold masking (set to 0.4) and implicit masking. A P-value of 0.001 and cluster size of 32 were taken into consideration. VBM analyses of BSI did not show any differences between SLE patients with inactive CNS involvement and normal controls. However, the group of SLE patients with active CNS involvement had a global hypoperfusion, more intense in the frontal, dorsolateral and medial temporal lobe when compared with SLE patients without CNS involvement (P = 0.001) and healthy volunteers (P = 0.001). VBM of BSI is a useful and objective method for detecting perfusion abnormalities in SLE patients, which is indicative of active CNS involvement. However, it is not helpful in differentiating the clinical sub-types of CNS involvement according to the ACR classification.
    Rheumatology 04/2007; 46(3):467-72. · 4.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Creatinine clearance has been reported to be inaccurate for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in patients with sickle cell anaemia (SCA). Inulin clearance, the reference method for GFR estimation, is impractical for routine use in these patients, and 51Cr-EDTA measurements of the GFR have been rarely reported in this disease. In order to obtain reference 51Cr-EDTA values in this disease, we studied 70 patients (40 females; 13-59 years of age, mean: 31.6 years) with homozygous SCA, normal serum creatinine and urinary albumin excretion < or =200 microg x min(-1). All patients were submitted to single-injection 51Cr-EDTA GFR, urinary albumin and haematocrit measurements. 51Cr-EDTA clearances were calculated in different age groups (<20, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 and >50 years). The mean GFR (+/-standard deviation) obtained for the 70 patients was 111.5+/-23.1 ml x min(-1). Analysis of variance for evaluation of the possible interaction effect between 51Cr-EDTA clearance and sex, age, urinary albumin and haematocrit demonstrated patient age as the only factor influencing 51Cr-EDTA clearance (P < 0.001). The Spearman correlation coefficient showed a significant relationship between 51Cr-EDTA clearance and patient age (r = -0.44, P = 0.0001), but not between 51Cr-EDTA and urinary albumin (r = -0.17, P = 0.1546) or haematocrit (r = 0.079, P = 0.5121). The group aged 20-29 years presented the highest 51Cr-EDTA clearance mean value (126.7+/-20.4 ml x min(-1)), with a progressive reduction in the older groups. Young adults with homozygous SCA, normal serum creatinine and micro-albuminuria or normo-albuminuria present supranormal 51Cr-EDTA GFR values. These values rapidly decrease after 30 years of age. We did not find association between urinary albumin and GFR in these patients.
    Nuclear Medicine Communications 01/2007; 27(12):959-62. · 1.38 Impact Factor