Wei-shi Li

Peking University Third Hospital, Peping, Beijing, China

Are you Wei-shi Li?

Claim your profile

Publications (12)4.32 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the long-term surgical outcome of thoracic myelopathy caused by the ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) and evaluate the related risk factors. Forty-four patients who underwent decompressive laminectomy with thoracic OLF between January 1990 and December 2005 and got more than 5 years follow-up were retrospectively reviewed. Among these 44 cases, there were 29 male and 15 female whose ages at operation were 52 years averagely (27-68 years). The 2-year follow-up results and long-term outcomes were classified according to the modified Epstein's standard, and then the rates of excellent or good (REG) were calculated. The correlation between the long-term REG and the patients' ages, durations of symptoms, decompressed levels, and dural leak were analyzed. The mean follow-up period of these 44 cases was 8.5 years (5-19 years). The REG at 2 years after laminectomy was 77.3% (34/44), while the long-term REG was 65.9% (29/44). There was one case who had suffered from an acute spinal cord injury got a poor post-operative outcome. The other 43 cases had chronic durations, including 22 cases whose pre-operative durations of symptoms were less than 12 months and 21 cases whose durations were equal to or more than 12 months. And the long-term REG of these two groups were 77.3% (17/22) and 57.1% (12/21) respectively (P>0.05). The REG of those cases whose decompression levels were limited in T1-T9 was 78.9% (15/19), while that of those cases whose laminectomy was relevant to thoracolumbar segment (T10-L2) was 58.3% (14/24) (P>0.05). There were 7 cases who had excellent or good short-term results and poor long-term outcomes. The reasons of these changes included coexistence of lumbar spinal stenosis in three cases and the growth of the OLF at the adjacent levels in four cases. Although the short-term results of the decompressive surgery for thoracic OLF is good, the regular long-term follow-up is necessary because the symptoms may reoccur or deteriorate secondary to lumbar spinal stenosis or the growth of OLF at the adjacent levels near former decompressive levels; the duration of symptoms which is more than one year and the decompression levels that is involved to T10-L2 segments are possibly related to the poor long-term outcomes.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 05/2012; 50(5):426-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To observe the results of posterior osteotomy and correction in the surgical treatment of old tuberculous kyphosis. From June 2004 to December 2008, 31 cases of old tuberculous kyphosis with posterior osteotomy and correction technique were treated. There were 12 cases of male and 19 cases of female. The average age was 33.4 years. Pedicle subtraction osteotomy or vertebral column resection were applied in surgery. The kyphosis angle, lumbar lordosis angle and sagittal balance condition of the spine were measured before and after surgery, as well as follow-up. The Frankel grading system for neurological function of lower extremities, the Oswestry disability index (ODI) for life quality, and patient satisfactory index (PSI) for satisfaction of surgery were applied before surgery and at follow-up. The average kyphosis angle was 94° ± 27°, the average lumbar lordosis angle was 71° ± 20°, and the average sagittal C(7) plumb line was (-15 ± 44) mm away from the balance region before surgery. The average kyphosis angle decreased to 26° ± 11° in one week after surgery, with an improvement rate of 71.4%. The average follow-up time was 22.5 months. The average kyphosis angle was 28° ± 12° at the final follow-up, with an improvement rate of 70.0%. The average lumbar lordosis angle was 46° ± 11°, with an improvement rate of 35.1%. The postoperative kyphosis angle and lumbar lordosis angle were significantly different with that of pre-operation (for kyphosis angle: t = 16.3, P < 0.05; for lumbar lordosis angle: t = 8.1, P < 0.05). The average sagittal C(7) plumb line was (-4 ± 22) mm away from the balance region at the final follow-up, with an improvement rate of 73.4%. The Frankel grading were E in 13 cases, D in 13 cases, and C in 5 cases before surgery, and were E in 20 cases, D in 8 cases, and C in 3 cases at the final follow-up. The average ODI was 13 ± 12 before surgery, and was 7 ± 8 at the final follow-up, with an improvement rate of 45.2%. The PSI results showed a satisfied rate of 90.3%. Good results can be achieved by applying proper posterior osteotomy and correction technique according to the severity of old tuberculous kyphosis.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 01/2012; 50(1):23-7.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Various surgical approaches have been successfully used in the treatment of thoracolumbar disc herniation (TLDH). Although the anterior transthoracic approach has a reputation for better visualization than the posterolateral and lateral approaches, it involves the manipulation of the thoracic and pulmonary structures. Thus, this approach is technically demanding and prone to compromising the respiratory system. An ideal approach would involve adequate visualization and be accomplished through the posterior midline approach that is familiar to spine surgeons. The objective of this retrospective preliminary clinical study was to introduce a new surgical procedure, circumspinal decompression through a single posterior incision, for the treatment of TLDH (T10/11-L1/2) and to evaluate the surgical outcome of this procedure by comparing it to the conventional anterior transthoracic approach. In this study, 15 patients (10 males, 5 females; mean age 51 years) with symptomatic TLDH underwent the circumspinal decompression through a single posterior incision procedure between January 2008 and December 2009. Altogether, 17 herniated discs were excised, with 2 discs at T10/11, 4 discs at T11/12, 5 discs at T12/L1 and 6 discs at L1/2. Of these patients, 13 were followed up with a mean follow-up period of 23.5 months. Clinical outcomes, including operative time, blood loss, perioperative complications, postoperative time of hospitalization, neurologic status improvement, back pain and correction of local kyphosis, were investigated by comparing these data with the results from patients who underwent the anterior transthoracic approach for TLDH during the same period. The patients' neurologic status was evaluated by a modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring system of 11 points. Neurologic status improvement after the surgery was assessed by calculating the recovery rate, which was equal to the (postoperative JOA score-preoperative JOA score)/(11-preoperative JOA score)×100%. The rates of patients who improved at the final follow-up were also assessed. The mean operative time was 183 minutes, the mean blood loss was 1067 ml, and the mean postoperative hospitalization time was 8.4 days. Three patients suffered perioperative complications, but none of these complications involved the respiratory system. Local kyphotic angles at the fusion levels were reduced. Of the 13 patients that were followed up, 12 improved at the final follow-up, with a mean recovery rate of 52.8%. Patients who underwent the circumspinal decompression procedure showed a higher percentage of improvement at the final follow-up, a higher degree of local kyphosis correction and a lower percentage of complications (especially respiratory complications) compared to patients who underwent the anterior transthoracic decompression procedure. The circumspinal decompression through a single posterior incision procedure is an effective and safe technique that is comparable to anterior tranthoracic approach for the surgical treatment of TLDH patients. It could be an attractive choice in certain circumstances.
    Chinese medical journal 12/2011; 124(23):3852-7. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, the authors aimed to summarize the clinical characteristics of ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) associated with dural ossification (DO) and to identify improved methods for preoperative diagnosis. Thirty-six patients who had undergone OLF surgery between February 2005 and September 2009 were included in this retrospective study. The patients were divided into 2 groups: one that included patients with intraoperative evidence of DO and a second group that included patients without DO. The clinical features of DO were summarized and the neurological status of the patients was evaluated pre- and postoperatively. The incidence rate of DO associated with OLF was 39% (14/36). The sensitivity and specificity of the tram track sign were found to be 93% and 59%, respectively. Dural ossification was found among 86% of the patients with tuberous type Sato classification. The postoperative neurological status of patients was generally improved relative to that observed prior to surgery, although neurological recovery did not differ between the 2 groups. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage was the main complication, occurring predominantly in the patients with DO, and all leaks resolved in all patients after comprehensive treatments. The tram track sign and Sato classification were found to be useful for preoperative diagnosis of DO and for determining the surgical procedure to be performed. Dural ossification had no effect on postoperative neurological recovery.
    Journal of neurosurgery. Spine 07/2011; 15(4):386-92. · 1.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To analyze the impact of thoracic and thoracolumbar angular kyphosis on pelvic shape and sagittal alignment. From May 2002 to June 2010, the sagittal spinopelvic parameters were analyzed in lateral standing radiographs of 32 patients (mean age 29.6 years) with thoracolumbar angular kyphosis. The parameters included Cobb angle of kyphosis, lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), sacrum slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT) and sagittal vertical axis (SVA). All pelvic parameters in the patients were compared with those reported in historical normal subjects. All patients were treated by using kyphotic correction and fusion. The preoperative and postoperative parameters were compared. The pelvic parameters were also compared between the patients with kyphotic apex located at T(1-8) and those located at T(9-12) and thoracolumbar junction. The linear regression analysis was used to investigate the independent factors of PI. The mean kyphosis was 90.1° (31° - 138°). The mean age of kyphosis occurrence was 6.1 years. The mean PI, SS and PT were 34.8°, 35.8° and -0.7° respectively. The PI and PT were significantly smaller (P < 0.001) in the patients than those in normal subjects while the SS was similar. The kyphosis was improved to 27.9° post-operatively. There was no difference in PI values between preoperation and postoperation (P > 0.05). The PI and SS in patients whose kyphosis located at thoracic spine (T(1-8)) were significantly higher than those at T(9)-L(2). Instead of patients' age and LL, the preoperative Cobb angle of kyphosis and the levels where kyphosis located were two independent impact factors of PI. The kyphosis occurred at childhood may influence pelvic shape and alignment significantly. The lower kyphotic apex located and the bigger kyphosis, the greater impact on the pelvic morphology. The surgery can improve the kyphosis, but can not change the sagittal pelvic morphology. Early treatment of thoracolumbar angular kyphosis is beneficial not only to reconstruction of spine alignment but also to the formation of sagittal pelvic morphology.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 02/2011; 49(2):135-9.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There has been an increasing recognition of the importance of sagittal spinopelvic alignment in patients with scoliosis as it relates to clinical outcomes. However, the changes seen in sagittal spinopelvic alignment in adult idiopathic scoliosis patients is poorly defined. This study was conducted to evaluate the sagittal alignment of pelvis and spine in adult idiopathic scoliosis patients. The sagittal parameters of the spine and pelvis were analyzed in lateral standing radiographs of 124 patients (mean age 47.4 years) with adult idiopathic scoliosis, including thoracic kyphosis (TK), thoracolumbar junction kyphosis (TLJ), lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), sacrum slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT) and C7 plumb line (C7PL). The patients were divided into three groups according to the age: 20 - 40 years, 41 - 64 years, and ≥ 65 years. The parameters were compared with those in normal adults and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. The relationship between all parameters as well as age and sagittal parameters were analyzed. The PI in patients with adult idiopathic scoliosis was 58.1° ± 13.0°, which was significantly higher than that in normal adults. The PT (19.9° ± 10.6°) was also higher than that in both normal adults and AIS patients, while the SS (38.1° ± 12.0°) was similar or smaller. As age increased, C7PL, PT and TJL increased while LL decreased. There was no relationship between age and both PI and TK. PT had the strongest statistical association with the C7PL. PI is higher in adult idiopathic scoliosis than normal subjects. The PT is the most relevant pelvic parameter to the global sagittal alignment of the spine. Age significantly influences sagittal parameters of the spine and pelvis except the PI and TK.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2010; 123(21):2978-82. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of posterior surgical corrective methods for ankylosing spondylitic kyphosis. From June 2003 to June 2008, 21 cases of ankylosing spondylitic kyphosis received posterior surgical correction. There were 17 male and 4 female, and the average age was 39.5 years (range, 20 to 57 years). The total spine X-ray and CT were used to evaluate sagittal balance and thoracolumbar spine kyphosis angle, and chin brow-vertical angle was obtained from clinical lateral photograph. The surgical goal was to correct sagittal imbalance and chin brow-vertical angle. The simulated osteotomy was performed in computer before surgery to determine the correction methods. The surgical methods included: 16 cases of monosegmental closing osteotomy correction, 3 cases of anterior opening-posterior closing osteotomy correction, and 2 cases of combined pedicle subtraction osteotomy in thoracolumbar spine and Smith-Peterson osteotomy in lumbar spine. All patients were followed up after surgery, and the improvement of sagittal imbalance, chin brow-vertical angle and thoracolumbar spine kyphosis angle were assessed. The symptoms relief and satisfied rate were also evaluated. The average operation time was 4.4 hours, and the average blood loss was 1770 ml. Before surgery, the average thoracolumbar kyphosis angle was 62.1°, the average anterior shift of C(7) plumb line was 172.9 mm, and the average chin brow-vertical angle was 34.9°. The average follow-up was 28.8 months after surgery. The average correction rate of thoracolumbar kyphosis angle was 60%, the average improvement rate of anterior shift of C(7) plumb line was 64%, and the average correction rate of chin brow-vertical angle was 98%. The improvement rate of back pain was 64% during follow-up. The total surgical satisfactory rate was 95%. Based on the simulated osteotomy in computer before surgery, according to the characteristics of ankylosing spondylitic kyphosis, different posterior osteotomy and correction methods can achieve good results.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 08/2010; 48(16):1234-7.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the relationship between the height of osteotomy and the correction of the kyphotic angle during posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation and the spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach in thoracolumbar kyphosis, and using this relationship as the basis of the preoperative design. From April 1996 to June 2007, 30 thoracolumbar kyphosis patients with complete medical records and clear X-ray photograms have undergone operation. Of these 30 cases, 16 cases underwent posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation while the height of the osteotomy and the correction of the angle have been measured; 14 cases underwent spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach while the height of the osteotomy, the height and the place of the cage and the correction of the angle were also measured. A simple geometrical model was simulated to calculate the relationship between the height of the osteotomy and the correction of the angle and these results are finally compared with the data coming from the actual measuring by the Wilcoxon statistic method. The distribution of data from the 16 cases by posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation was as such: 9 male and 7 female, the mean age was 49.2 years (range 38-70), the kyphosis improved from an average of 30 degrees (range 15 degrees-45 degrees) preoperatively to 4 degrees (range -26 degrees-30 degrees) postoperatively, the kyphosis was corrected on average 2.5 degrees per 1 mm in the height of the osteotomy. The results from the simple geometrical model were that the mean of the correction of the angle per 1 mm was 2.2 degrees. As a result, there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) when comparing the measurement collected with the result simulated from the geometric model. The distribution of data from the 14 cases by spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach was as such: 5 male and 9 female, the mean age was 35.3 years old (range 15 - 57), the kyphosis improved from an average of 64 degrees (range 34 degrees-95 degrees) preoperatively to 8.7 degrees (range -10 degrees-22 degrees) postoperatively. The kyphosis was corrected on average of 6.2 degrees per 1 mm in the height of the osteotomy. The results from the simple geometrical model is that the mean of the correction of the angle per 1 mm was 6.6 degrees . There was also no significant difference (P > 0.05) when comparing the measurement collected with the result simulated from the geometric model. The therapeutic effect is significant for both posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation and spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach. The posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation is an easier approach with the mean angle of the correction per 1 mm of 2.5 degrees and the maximum angle of correction of 45 degrees . The spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach is more efficient with the mean angle of correction per 1 mm of 6.2 degrees . It should be reserved for the severe cases of thoracolumbar kyphosis. We can also use the formula to help us constructing preoperative design.
    Chinese medical journal 10/2008; 121(19):1906-10. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To design a new surgical correction and fixation technique for the treatment of severe angular kyphosis, observe the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of the technique. From May 2004 to February 2007, 16 cases with severe kyphosis (average 90.8 degrees, range 50 degrees-130 degrees) were treated with segmental resection osteotomy, section distraction, dual axial rotation correction and instrumentation fusion technique. The patients were inspected by local and total spine anteroposterior and lateral radiography pre-and postoperatively. The kyphotic Cobb angle was measured and 7 cases combined scoliosis Cobb angle was also measured. The Frankel Grading for neurological function, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Patients Satisfactory Index (PSI) were evaluated preoperatively, postoperatively and at follow-up. The back pain relief was also observed. The average surgical duration was 6.9 hours. The average blood loss was 4000 ml. The complications include 1 shifting of artificial vertebrae, 3 nerve root injury, 3 dural tear and 1 transitory dysfunction of lower extremity. All of these complications were relieved greatly after feasible treatment. The average follow-up time was 25 months. The average kyphotic angle was 90.8 degrees preoperatively, which was improved to 26.9 degrees immediately after surgery, and got an average correction rate of 72.5%. At follow-up, the average kyphotic angle was 28.9 degrees, and correction rate was 70.1%. The 7 cases who combined with scoliosis had an average Cobb angle of 35.9 degrees preoperatively, which decreased to 4.4 degrees immediately after surgery, and the correction rate was 87.2%. The correction rate was kept until follow-up (78.6%). Some patients got an improved neurological function. The Frankel Grading were E in 5 cases, D in 5 cases, C in 5 cases, and B in 1 case preoperatively. There were 10 cases of E grade, 3 cases of D grade, and 3 cases of C grade at follow-up. Except 3 cases who had no symptoms before surgery, the average ODI was 18.9 preoperatively, and 10.8 postoperatively. The average improvement of ODI was 52.7%. The PSI result showed a satisfied rate of 93.8%. The back pain of 3 cases were totally relieved after surgery. Segmental resection osteotomy with dual axial rotation correction and fusion technique is an effective way to treat severe angular kyphosis. It is a safe technique and has high correction rate. The long-term results is acceptable.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 02/2008; 46(2):104-8.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of surgical correction of thoracolumbar kyphosis, using the new type spinal osteotomy with cage inserting into the intervertebral gap anteriorly and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach. Since 2003, eight consecutive patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis were treated surgically. There were 4 male and 4 female with the mean age of 35 years old (from 14 to 58 years old). There were 3 cases of congenital kyphosis with scoliosis, 1 case of old spinal tuberculosis kyphosis, 2 cases of post-traumatic kyphosis, 1 case of ankylosing spondylitic kyphosis with old stress fracture and 1 case of iatrogenic kyphosis post-op of laminectomy due to the removal of ependymoma from cauda equina. The apex level of kyphosis was T(11) in 1 case, T(12) in 2 cases, L(1) in 3 cases and L(2) in 2 cases. The average preoperative Cobb angle of kyphosis was 73 degrees (range from 42 degrees to 90 degrees), there were 3 cases associated with scoliosis, with the mean preoperative Cobb angle of scoliosis was 25.7 degrees (range from 20 degrees to 36 degrees). According to the Frankel grading system, 2 cases were classified as Grade C, 2 cases as Grading D and 4 cases as Grading E preoperatively. All the patients had severe thoracolumbar dorsum pain with difficulty of sitting. The bladder sphincter function disturbance were also found in 3 cases. The main procedures of the new type spinal osteotomy consisted of temporary rod installation, trans-intervertebral spinal osteotomy, circumferential decompression of the spinal cord, dissection and complete cut of the anterior longitudinal ligament, spreading the intervertebral gap with the distraction forceps during the instrumentation correction maneuver and replaced by the cage filled with autograft bone inserting into the intervertebral gap, then the closing maneuver followed. The average operation time was 4.5h (range from 3.5 to 6 h), and the mean blood loss volume during the operation was 2280 ml (range from 700 to 4200 ml). All patients underwent surgery safely and there were no major complications related to the surgical procedures, apart from CSF leakage of 1 case postoperatively and transient low blood pressure of 1 case intraoperatively. Localized kyphosis, scoliosis were reduced from an average of 73 degrees to 8.3 degrees and 25.7 degrees to 18.7 degrees respectively with an average 12.8 months follow-up. Bony fusion were achieved in all patients and there was no correction loss. Neurologic improvement occurred in 1 case from Frankel Grade C to Grade D, and 1 case from Frankel Grade D to Grade E after the surgery. The bladder sphincter function were also found improved in 2 cases postoperatively. The new type spinal osteotomy with cage inserting anteriorly and closing posteriorly by a single posterior approach was a safe, reliable and effective surgical procedure for the treatment of the thoracolumbar kyphosis with the Cobb angle from 40 degrees to 90 degrees. Compared with the other common spinal wedge osteotomies, the deformation danger, such as hanging down, kinking or dural buckling could be effectively prevented, a better correction rate is also achieved significantly with this new type procedure.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 05/2006; 44(8):551-5.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To study the clinical characteristics and treatment of flexion-distraction stage I injuries in subaxial cervical spine. Twelve cases of flexion-distraction stage I injuries with delayed symptoms, admitted in our hospital between January 1995 and December 2004, were studied retrospectively. In acute phase, all of 12 cases had neck pain and limited neck movements, neurological deficits were found in 6 of 12 cases. Eight cases had a correct diagnosis, and 2 cases had a error diagnosis, 2 cases missed. All cases were satisfactory by the primary conservative treatment. After 274 days average asymptomatic intervals, all of 12 cases had recurrence of neck pain, delayed neurological deficits were found in 10. MRI showed that all of 12 cases were unstable injuries. All of the 12 patients were treated operatively. Decompression, fusion and fixation were performed by anterior approach in 9 cases, and by combined anterior and posterior approach in 3 cases. The average follow-up period was 33.1 months. Neck pain had great recovery in all cases, 10 cases with neurological deficits, 7 returned normal. Radiographic evidences of intervertebral bony fusion and good cervical alignment were observed in all of 12 cases. Flexion-distraction stage I injuries is often caused by ligament and disc injuries, and often missed with subtle symptoms and radiographic changes. Inadequate primary treatment options are often due to failure to recognize the instability, and maybe result in delayed injuries. MRI is helpful for the early accurate evaluation of spinal stability. Unstable injury require early surgical treatment. The anterior approach operation is recommended to most of these patients with acute and old injuries. Combined anterior and posterior approach operation should be considered in these patients who have old injuries with stiff kyphosis.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 03/2006; 44(4):238-41.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the effectiveness of surgical correction for post-traumatic kyphosis of thoracolumbar spine. From 1996 to 2003, 33 consecutive patients with post-traumatic kyphosis of thoracolumbar spine were corrected surgically. The mean age was 40.3 years (range, 13 - 65 years). The mean time between the initial injury and surgical correction was 36.0 months (range, 6 - 220 months). The kyphotic deformity averaged 40.8 degrees (range, 20 degrees - 82 degrees ). All the patients had neurological deficits. Twelve patients had obvious back pain. Seven patients lost sphincter function completely and nineteen patients lost the function partly. Twenty-three patients had ever undergone laminectomy and/or instrumentation. The treatment procedure consisted of anterior release and posterior spinal osteotomy with instrumentation (15 patients), posterior closing wedge osteotomy with instrumentation (12 patients), anterior release and instrumentation (6 patients). Kyphosis was corrected from an average of 40.8 degrees to an average of 5.7 degrees, the corrective rate was 86.0% (40.8 degrees - 5.7 degrees /40.8 degrees). There were no severe complications. The average follow-up period was 24.6 months (range, 6 - 84 months). There was no loss of correction at follow-up. Ten of these patients showed an improvement in neural function by one or two levels according to the classification. Sphincter function recovered partly in ten patients. Back pain was relieved significantly in all of twelve patients with back pain preoperatively. Bony fusion was achieved in thirty-two patients. One patient had nonunion and achieved bony fusion after revision. Posterior closing wedge osteotomy was suitable to kyphosis less than 40 degrees. Anterior release and posterior spinal osteotomy was effective, especially to the patients with severe kyphosis deformity or with operation history. Patients with incomplete neurological deficits and/or severe back pain could get benefit from osteotomy of spine, even if their medical history was long.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 03/2005; 43(4):201-4.