[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: RELP analysis of DNA loci MET, D7S8 and D7S23 was carried out in Leningrad population and partially in populations of Moscow, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Buryatia as well as in individuals from high risk families and in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients by means of blot hybridization and polymerase chain reaction. Allelic polymorphism of all loci studied in these three groups was found to be quite similar to that in the North-Western Europe and in whites of the North America. Linkage disequilibrium of the alleles studied with the CF gene was especially pronounced for alleles of the D7S23 locus and gradually decreases from KM-19 through CS-7 to XV-2c DNA probes. The data witness genetic homogeneity of the CF mutation in European populations of the USSR and its similarity to this mutation in Western Europe. The significance of these data for potential diagnosis of CF and for heterozygous carrier detection is discussed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Beta zero-thalassaemia comprises a series of closely related haemoglobinopathies which are widely spread in some areas (the Mediterranean, Caucasus, Central Asia, and others). It is caused by a variety of mutations in the beta-globin gene which damage its expression, thus leading to severe illness, which is often lethal at an early age. By means of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), restriction analysis, and sequencing by the Maxam-Gilbert method, we have identified a number of mutations in the beta-globin gene that cause beta zero-thalassaemia in the Azerbaijanian population, viz AA deletion in codon 8, C----T transition in codon 39, and a previously unknown G deletion in codons 82/83.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Upon amplification in vitro of the 12th exon area of the human phenylalanine hydroxylase gene followed by allele-specific hybridisation of the amplification product with synthetic probes and its sequencing by the Maxam-Gilbert method, a C----T transition causing phenylketonuria has been identified in Latvian patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Molecular nature of two beta 0-thalassaemia-causing mutations in beta-globin gene in Azerbaijanian population has been elucidated, viz., C-T transition in 39 codon (nonsense mutation) and previously unknown G deletion in 82/83 codons.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A mutation causing beta 0-thalassaemia in Azerbaijanian population is shown, by the polymerase chain reaction followed by Maxam-Gilbert sequencing, to be the deletion of dinucleotide AA from the eight codone of beta-globin gene (the mutation is known to exist also in Turkey and Lebanon). Two other mutations have also been found in beta-globin gene of the same DNA, one of which (transversion C----G at position 16 of intron 2) eliminates the polymorphic AvaII-site and is associated with thalassaemia, and other is transition C----T in the third position of the second beta-globin codon.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method has been used for amplification of two segments of the human beta-globin gene comprising most of pathogenic mutations in the gene.