Thomas Reinhold

Steinbeis Hochschule Berlin, Berlín, Berlin, Germany

Are you Thomas Reinhold?

Claim your profile

Publications (68)127.59 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background and aims Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) remote follow-up and ICD remote monitoring (RM) are established means of ICD follow-up. The reduction of the number of in-office visits and the time to decision is proven, but the true clinical benefit is still unknown. Cost and cost-effectiveness of RM remain leading issues for its dissemination. The MONITOR-ICD study has been designed to assess costs, cost-effectiveness and clinical benefits of RM versus standard-care follow-up in a prospective multicenter randomized-controlled trial. Methods and results Patients indicated for single- or dual-chamber ICD are eligible for the study and are implanted an RM capable Biotronik ICD. ICD programming and alert-based clinical responses in the RM group are highly standardized by protocol. As of December 2011, recruitment has been completed and 416 patients have been enrolled. Subjects are followed for a minimum of 12 months and a maximum of 24 months, ending in January 2013. Disease-specific costs from a societal perspective have been defined as primary endpoint and will be compared between RM and standard-care groups. Secondary endpoints include ICD shocks (including appropriate and inappropriate shocks), cardiovascular hospitalizations and cardiovascular mortality and additional health economic endpoints. Conclusions The MONITOR-ICD study will be an important randomized RM study to report data on a primary economic endpoint in 2014. Its results on ICD shocks will add to the currently available evidence on clinical benefit of RM. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT 00787683.
    American Heart Journal 10/2014; · 4.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objectives: Acupuncture is increasingly used in patients with allergic asthma, but there is a lack of evidence on the cost-benefit relationship of this treatment. The aim of this study was to assess economic aspects of additional acupuncture treatment in patients with allergic bronchial asthma compared to patients receiving routine care alone. Design, subjects, intervention, outcome measures: In a randomized controlled trial, patients with allergic bronchial asthma were either allocated to a group receiving acupuncture immediately or a waiting-list control group. Both groups were free to use routine care treatment. The resource consumption, costs, and health-related quality of life were evaluated at baseline, and after 3 and 6 months by using statutory health insurance information and standardized questionnaires. Main economic outcome parameters were direct and indirect cost differences during the study period and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of acupuncture treatment. Results: Three hundred and six (306) patients (159 acupuncture; 147 controls) were included (mean age 46.5±13.11 years, female 57.2%) and were comparable at baseline. Acupuncture treatment was associated with significantly higher costs compared to control patients (overall costs: €860.76 [95% confidence interval (CI) 705.04-1016.47] versus €518.80 [95% CI 356.66-680.93]; p=0.003; asthma-related costs: €517.52 [95% CI 485.63-549.40] versus €144.87 [95% CI 111.70-178.05]; p<0.001). These additional costs seem essentially driven by acupuncture costs themselves (€378.40 [95% CI 367.10-389.69]). However, acupuncture was associated with superior effectiveness in terms of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Resulting ICER lay between €23,231 (overall) and €25,315 (diagnosis-specific) per additional QALY. When using German acupuncture prices of year 2012, the ICER would improve to €12.810 (overall) versus €14,911 (diagnosis-specific) per QALY gained. Conclusions: Treating patients who have allergic bronchial asthma with acupuncture in addition to routine care resulted in additional costs and better effects in terms of patients' quality of life. Acupuncture therefore seems to be a useful and cost-effective add-on treatment.
    Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) 11/2013; · 1.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Herpes zoster (HZ) is a self-limiting painful skin rash affecting mostly individuals from 50 years of age. The main complication is postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), a long-lasting pain after rash has resolved. A HZ-vaccine has recently been licensed in Europe for individuals older than 50 years. To support an informed decision-making for a potential vaccination recommendation, we conducted a health economic evaluation to identify the most cost-effective vaccination strategy. We developed a static Markov-cohort model, which compared a vaccine-scenario with no vaccination. The cohort entering the model was 50 years of age, vaccinated at age 60, and stayed over life-time in the model. Transition probabilities were based on HZ/PHN-epidemiology and demographic data from Germany, as well as vaccine efficacy (VE) data from clinical trials. Costs for vaccination and HZ/PHN-treatment (in Euros; 2010), as well as outcomes were discounted equally with 3% p.a. We accounted results from both, payer and societal perspective. We calculated benefit-cost-ratio (BCR), number-needed-to-vaccinate (NNV), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) for costs per HZ-case avoided, per PHN-case avoided, and per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained. Different target age-groups were compared to identify the most cost-effective vaccination strategy. Base-case-analysis as well as structural, descriptive-, and probabilistic-sensitivity-analyses (DSA, PSA) were performed. When vaccinating 20% of a cohort of 1 million 50 year old individuals at the age of 60 years, approximately 20,000 HZ-cases will be avoided over life-time. The NNV to avoid one HZ (PHN)-case was 10 (144). However, with a BCR of 0.34 this vaccination-strategy did not save costs. The base-case-analysis yielded an ICER of 1,419 (20,809) Euros per avoided HZ (PHN)-case and 28,146 Euros per QALY gained. Vaccination at the age of 60 was identified in most (sensitivity) analyses to be the most cost-effective vaccination strategy. In DSA, vaccine price and VE were shown to be the most critical input-data. According to our evaluation, HZ-vaccination is expected to avoid HZ/PHN-cases and gain QALYs to higher costs. However, the vaccine price had the highest impact on the ICERs. Among different scenarios, targeting individuals aged 60 years seems to represent the most cost-effective vaccination-strategy.
    BMC Health Services Research 09/2013; 13(1):359. · 1.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Subcutaneous specific immunotherapy (SCIT) is an effective treatment attenuating the progression of allergic asthma. To date, there is a lack of studies investigating the economic consequences of SCIT on health care expenditures. A health-economic piggy-back analysis of SCIT was conducted based on a RCT that enrolled 65 children and adolescents with allergic asthma. Patients were allocated into two groups: A group receiving SCIT with a high-dose hypoallergenic house dust mite preparation plus asthma medication and a control group receiving only asthma medication. For both groups asthma control was achieved before the start of the SCIT treatment and was maintained during the study. Both, costs and cost-effectiveness of SCIT with the high-dose hypoallergenic house dust mite preparation were investigated based on total medication costs, incremental medication costs and treatment effects (measured as lung function), respectively. A bootstrap analysis was performed to validate the results. A steady decline in medication costs could be observed in the SCIT group one year after treatment start compared to the control group. This cost trend became statistically significant 3 years after SCIT started. The calculated potential savings in the SCIT group correlated with an improved lung function. The distribution of the bootstrap results revealed that the probability of SCIT having a superior effectiveness compared to the control group is around 90%. SCIT with a high-dose hypoallergenic preparation received by children and adolescents suffering from mite induced allergic asthma reduces the allergic medication intake and has cost-saving effects. Additional costs associated with SCIT may be completely compensated by drug cost savings 4 years after end of SCIT. Additionally, SCIT is superior compared to routine care as measured by the lung function that improved in SCIT-treated patients. Trial registration: (EudraCT no. 2004 -- 003892 -- 35).
    Clinical and translational allergy. 09/2013; 3(1):30.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a frequent allergic disorder with a significant economic effect on health care costs and productivity. To assess the cost-effectiveness of acupuncture for patients with seasonal AR (SAR) in Germany. The present analysis was part of the Acupuncture in Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis (ACUSAR) trial, a 3-arm randomized, controlled, multicenter trial in patients with SAR, comparing acupuncture plus rescue medication (RM), penetrating sham acupuncture plus RM, and a control group receiving RM alone. Measures for health economic analyses were costs and health-related quality of life. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was calculated for different scenarios on the duration of acupuncture effects and was expressed as costs per quality-adjusted life-year gained. The study was conducted from society's and from a third-party payer's perspective. From 422 initially randomized patients, a total of 364 patients with complete data on costs and quality of life were included in the health economic evaluation. Patients receiving acupuncture or sham acupuncture caused higher costs than patients in the RM group. Patients in the acupuncture group gained significantly more quality-adjusted life-years compared with the RM group. Depending on different scenarios, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for acupuncture patients was between €31,241 (approximately US $38.569) and €118,889 (approximately US $146,777) from society's perspective and between €20,807 (approximately US $25,688) and €74,585 (approximately US $92.080) from a third-party payer's perspective. Acupuncture is an effective intervention that results in improved quality of life in patients with SAR. However, in times of limited resources for health care, acupuncture for AR may not be a cost-effective intervention. clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00610584.
    Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology: official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology 07/2013; 111(1):56-63. · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF), a supraventricular tachycardia disorder, is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia affecting 1-2 % of the general population. Prevalence is highly related to age, with every fourth individual older than 40 years old developing AF during his lifetime. Due to an aging population, the prevalence of AF is estimated to at least double within the next 50 years. This article presents AF-related cost-of-illness studies and reviews 19 cost-effectiveness studies and six cost studies published roughly over the past decade, which have compared different antiarrhythmic medications for AF. A systematic literature search for studies published between June 2000 and December 2011 was conducted in PubMed using the combination of keywords ((atrial fibrillation OR atrial flutter) AND cost). Current cost-effectiveness analyses of dronedarone and the pill-in-the-pocket strategy are subject to substantial uncertainties with regard to clinical benefit. Comparing rate control with rhythm control, a cost-effectiveness advantage for rate control was shown in several but not all studies. Within antiarrhythmic drug treatments, magnesium added onto ibutilide was shown to be more cost effective than ibutilide alone. Comparing chemical and electrical cardioversion, the latter was recommended as more cost effective from the healthcare system perspective in all reviewed studies but one. Catheter ablation appeared more cost effective than antiarrhythmic drugs in the medium to long run after 3.2-63.9 years. Admissions to hospital, inpatient care and interventional procedures as well as mortality benefit are key drivers for the cost effectiveness of AF medications. No clear cost-effectiveness advantage emerged for one specific antiarrhythmic drug from the studies that compared antiarrhythmic agents. Rate control as well as catheter ablation appear more cost effective than rhythm control in the treatment of AF. Rate control treatment also seems more cost effective than electrical cardioversion in AF patients.
    PharmacoEconomics 03/2013; 31(3):195-213. · 2.86 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One in five children visiting a homeopathic physician suffers from atopic eczema. We aimed to examine the long-term effectiveness, safety and costs of homoeopathic vs. conventional treatment in usual medical care of children with atopic eczema. In this prospective multi-centre comparative observational non-randomized rater-blinded study, 135 children (48 homoeopathy, 87 conventional) with mild to moderate atopic eczema were included by their respective physicians. Depending on the specialisation of the physician, the primary treatment was either standard conventional treatment or individualized homeopathy as delivered in routine medical care. The main outcome was the SCORAD (SCORing Atopic Dermatitis) at 36 months by a blinded rater. Further outcomes included quality of life, conventional medicine consumption, safety and disease related costs at six, 12 and 36 months after baseline. A multilevel ANCOVA was used, with physician as random effect and the following fixed effects: age, gender, baseline value, severity score, social class and parents' expectation. The adjusted mean SCORAD showed no significant differences between the groups at 36 months (13.7 95% CI [7.9-19.5] vs. 14.9 [10.4-19.4], p = 0.741). The SCORAD response rates at 36 months were similar in both groups (33% response: homoeopathic 63.9% vs. conventional 64.5%, p = 0.94; 50% response: 52.0% vs. 52.3%, p = 0.974). Total costs were higher in the homoeopathic versus the conventional group (months 31-36 200.54 Euro [132.33-268.76] vs. 68.86 Euro [9.13-128.58], p = 0.005). Taking patient preferences into account, while being unable to rule out residual confounding, in this long-term observational study, the effects of homoeopathic treatment were not superior to conventional treatment for children with mild to moderate atopic eczema, but involved higher costs.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e54973. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: After acquiring a varicella virus infection, the virus can reactivate and cause herpes zoster (HZ)-a painful skin rash. A complication of HZ is long-term persistence of pain after the rash has resolved (so-called postherpetic neuralgia, PHN). We aimed to describe the epidemiology of HZ/PHN and to estimate HZ/PHN-related costs in the German statutory health insurance (SHI) system (~85 % of the total population). Treatment data of one large SHI was utilized, containing data on approximately 240,000 insured and their utilisation of services in 2004-2009. Identification of HZ- and PHN-cases was performed based on 'International Statistical Classification of Diseases' and specific medications using a control-group design. Incidences per 1,000 person-years (PY) and cost-of-illness for 1 year following HZ-onset considering the payer and societal perspective were calculated. All amounts were inflated to 2010 Euros. Population-figures were standardised and extrapolated to the total SHI-population in Germany in 2010. A mean annual incidence of 5.79 HZ-cases per 1,000 PY was observed, translating into an estimated 403,625 HZ-cases per year in the total SHI-population. Approximately 5 % of HZ-cases developed PHN. One HZ-case caused on average 210 and 376 of costs from the payer and societal perspective, respectively. The development of PHN generated additional costs of 1,123 ( 1,645 societal perspective). Total annual HZ/PHN-related costs were estimated at 182 million ( 105 million) to society (payer). HZ and PHN place a considerable burden on the German SHI-system. Since HZ-vaccines will soon be available, a health-economic evaluation of these vaccines should be conducted.
    The European Journal of Health Economics 12/2012; · 2.10 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Critical limb ischemia (CLI) has a significant impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). Despite cost utility evaluations being required by different authorities, data on patient health preferences and utilities for CLI are scarce. Hence, the objective of this study was to assess the impact of CLI on health preferences and health status of affected patients, and to generate health state utilities. In the International Study, 200 patients with CLI (stages III and IV according to Fontaine scale) were interviewed by trained interviewers with a discrete choice instrument, a standard gamble (SG), and the EuroQol-five dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaires (Marten Meesweg, Rotterdam, Netherland). Conjoint analysis showed that a planned amputation (33%) was the most relevant health attribute followed by ambulatory function (25%) and chronic pain (15%). Non-dependence on caregiver impacted on patient health state preference considerably, whereas healing of ulcer/skin lesions had less impact. Preference values obtained from the SG were 0.84, for an amputation subpopulation arriving at 0.70. The EQ-5D index values as well as the EQ-5D visual analog scale for patients with CLI were 0.56. The QoL data of patients with CLI result in decreased QoL and preference values with a planned amputation.
    International Journal of Angiology 09/2012; 21(3):139-46.
  • Source
    Reinhold T, Stefan Kohler
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Das Angebot an Gesundheitsvorsorge und Präventionsleistungen hat in den vergangenen Jahren stetig zugenommen. Dennoch sind Stress und andere gesundheitliche Belastungen weit verbreitet. Der Anteil der Raucher ist in Berlin und Brandenburg überdurchschnittlich hoch. Die Länder Berlin und Brandenburg erleichtern mit einem Präventionsatlas die Nutzung regionaler Angebote zu Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung.
    Gesundheitsstandort Berlin-Brandenburg, Edited by Berliner Wirtschaftsgespräche e.V., 08/2012: pages 51; Kulturbuch-Verlag., ISBN: 9783889613356
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Coronary heart disease is an important disorder in Western industrialized societies, with regard to both the epidemiologic and economic burden of illness. A modern therapeutic strategy consists of coronary interventions and the implantation of drug-eluting vascular stents. The cost-effectiveness of such drug-eluting stents has been an important subject of health-economic evaluation research in recent years. This article presents two examples of such studies and deals with the question whether existing study projects are able to provide sufficient evidence for allocation decisions in health care. On this basis we discuss important challenges for future health economic analysis. A key conclusion is the need for long-term and cross-sectoral evaluation strategies that could be based on routinely collected health care data. Supplemented by health economic results from clinical trials, the use of such data would lead to a broader data basis for allocation decisions in health care.
    Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz 05/2012; 55(5):693-9. · 0.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To apply the process mapping technique in an interdisciplinary approach in order to visualize, better understand, and efficiently organize percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stent placement procedures in a university hospital's interventional radiology department. After providing an overview of seven established mapping techniques for medical professionals, the process mapping technique was chosen and applied in an interdisciplinary approach including referrers (physicians, nurses, and other staff in referring departments, e.g., vascular surgery), providers (interventional radiologists, nurses, technicians, and staff of the angiography suite), and specialists of the hospital's controlling department. A generally binding and standardized process map was created, describing the entire procedure for a patient in whom the radiological intervention of PTA or stent treatment is contemplated from admission to the department of vascular surgery until discharge after successful treatment. This visualization tool assists in better understanding (especially given natural staff fluctuation over time) and efficiently organizing PTA and stent procedures. Process mapping can be applied for streamlining workflow in healthcare, especially in interdisciplinary settings. By defining exactly what a business entity does, who is responsible, to what standard a process should be completed, and how the success can be assessed, this technique can be used to eliminate waste and inefficiencies from the workplace while providing high-quality goods and services easily, quickly, and inexpensively. MAIN MESSAGES : • Process mapping can be used in a university hospital's interventional radiology department. • Process mapping can describe the patient's entire process from admission to PTA/stent placement until discharge. • Process mapping can be used in interdisciplinary teams (e.g., referrers, providers, and controlling specialists). • Process mapping can be used in order to more efficiently organize PTA and stent placement procedures. • Process mapping can assist in better understanding and efficiently organizing procedures in standardized fashion.
    Insights into imaging. 02/2012; 3(4):329-36.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (Afib) is considered to be the most frequent form of cardiac dysrhythmia and is well known as a key risk factor for arterial thromboembolism. The incidence of Afib will increase in the future due to demographic changes as well as improved treatment options for acute and chronic heart diseases. The primary objectives of this analysis were to describe patient characteristics, to assess the resource consumption associated with Afib and to measure costs of direct treatment as well as consequential costs. A secondary objective was to identify factors that influence the costs or the type of Afib. The analysis is based on the representative ATRIUM register (Ambulantes Register zur Morbidität des Vorhofflimmerns, Ambulatory register on morbidity of atrial fibrillation), a prospective, multicenter cohort study in which general practitioners and family doctors documented the characteristics and resource utilization of consecutively enrolled patients. The documented resource consumption use was subsequently valued with unit costs. The presented results are focused on the baseline documentation and refer to the period 12 months before enrollment. A total of 3,667 patients (mean age 72.1±9.2 years, 58% men) fulfilled all inclusion criteria and were included by a total of 730 doctors. The patients had an average of 2.4±1.0 risk factors and the most common was hypertension (84% of patients). The most commonly observed comorbidities were heart failure (43%) and coronary heart disease (CHD, 35%). Medicines for oral anticoagulation (86%) and beta blockers (75%) were the most frequently prescribed drugs. A total of 1/3 of all patients received a specific kind of Afib therapy (e. g. drug conversion, cardioversion) during the past 12 months. The disease-specific mean costs of the patients were 3,274±5,134 Euro, while the acute (inpatient) treatment represented the largest proportion of these total costs (1,639±3,623 Euro). Patients with high treatment costs were significantly younger and suffered from more concomitant diseases. Atrial fibrillation is associated with significant patient-related attributable costs that are caused particularly by expenditures of inpatient stay. New, innovative treatment strategies seem to offer particular potential savings if they are able to reduce the number of hospitalizations due to Afib itself or subsequent cardiac events.
    Herz 02/2012; 37(5):534-42. · 0.78 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Free preview available via Google Books http://goo.gl/aLMGc
    Prävention und Versorgung, Edited by Kirch W, Hoffmann T, Pfaff H, 01/2012: chapter 9: pages 138-147; Thieme., ISBN: 9783131694614
  • Source
  • Europace 08/2011; · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Pneumologie 08/2011; 65(8):e51-75.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The German Algorithm Project, Phase 2 (GAP2) revealed that a standardized stepwise treatment regimen (SSTR) results in better treatment outcomes than treatment as usual (TAU) in depressed inpatients. The objective of this study was a health economic evaluation of SSTR based on a cost effectiveness analysis (CEA). GAP2 was a randomized controlled study with 148 patients. In an intention to treat (ITT) analysis direct treatment costs for study duration (SD) and total time in hospital (TTH; enrolment to discharge) were calculated based on daily hospital charges followed by a CEA to calculate cost expenditure per remitted patient. Treatment costs in SSTR compared to TAU were significantly lower for SD (SSTR: 10 830 € ± 8 632 €, TAU: 15 202 € ± 12 483 €; p = 0.026) and did not differ significantly for TTH (SSTR: 21 561 € ± 16 162 €; TAU: 18 248 € ± 13 454; p = 0.208). CEA revealed that the costs per remission in SSTR were significantly lower for SD (SSTR: 20 035 € ± 15 970 €; SSTR: 38 793 € ± 31 853 €; p<0.0001) and TTH (SSTR: 31 285 € ± 23 451 €; TAU: 38 581 € ± 28 449 €, p = 0.041). Indirect costs were not assessed. Different dropout rates in TAU and SSTR complicated interpretation of data. An SSTR-based algorithm results in a superior cost effectiveness at no significant extra costs. Implementation of treatment algorithms in inpatient-care may help reduce treatment costs.
    Journal of affective disorders 07/2011; 134(1-3):249-56. · 3.76 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by a reactivation of the varicella-zoster-virus (VZV) and mainly affects individuals aged≥50 years. Vaccines have been licensed or are under development that can protect against HZ and its main complication postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). In Germany, the burden of disease caused by HZ is not well known. To support the decision making process related to a potential vaccination recommendation, we estimated annual HZ disease burden in people aged≥50 years in Germany by utilizing various data sources. We assessed for 2007 and 2008 HZ-outpatient incidence (number of cases per 1,000 person-years, PY) by utilizing the Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (ASHIP) database, which contains nationwide routine outpatient data. For the same time period annual number of HZ-inpatients and HZ-associated deaths were identified by using the Federal Health Monitoring System (FHM). PHN-incidence and loss of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) caused by HZ were calculated by multiplying number of identified HZ-patients with upper and lower limit estimates for proportion of HZ-cases developing PHN and HZ-related QALY, respectively. For the study period we identified an annual average of 306,511 HZ-outpatients aged 50+, resulting in a HZ-incidence of 9.6/1,000 PY. A total 14,249 HZ-associated inpatients and 66 deaths were reported in both years on average. HZ-incidence increased by age from 6.21 in people 50-54 years to 13.19 per 1,000 PY in people aged≥90 years. Females were significantly more frequently affected than males in terms of outpatient HZ-incidence (11.12 vs. 7.8 per 1,000 PY), inpatient HZ-incidence (0.51 vs. 0.38 per 1,000 PY) and mortality (0.29 vs. 0.10 per 100,000 PY). PHN-incidence was estimated to range between 0.43 and 1.33 per 1,000 PY. Based on these figures, there were between 3,065 to 24,094 QALYs lost due to HZ in persons aged≥50 years in Germany per annum. Our study provides important baseline estimates for HZ-related disease burden in Germany. HZ poses a considerable burden on the health care system in Germany both in terms of outpatient and inpatient services. Follow-up assessments of HZ disease burden are needed to monitor the impact of VZV-vaccinations in Germany.
    BMC Infectious Diseases 06/2011; 11:173. · 3.03 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present review was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) compared to bare metal stents (BMS) as well as to first-generation DES. A structured literature review in MEDLINE was conducted to identify all studies investigating the cost-effectiveness of second-generation DES published up to December 2010. Pre-specified selection criteria were applied to identify relevant studies. Standardized data extraction was performed to summarize clinical, economic, and cost-effectiveness outcomes of these studies. Of only five studies which met all selection criteria from the US, UK, and Spain, three investigated the cost-effectiveness of the zotarolimus-coated Endeavor stent (ZES) compared to BMS, and two studies the ZES with first-generation DES. In summary, there is currently a lack of evidence with regard to the cost-effectiveness of second-generation DES, especially in Germany. However, studies from other countries provide some evidence that second-generation DES appear to generally not be cost-effective compared to BMS. Also, there is no conclusive evidence of cost-effectiveness compared to first-generation DES. Moreover, there are currently no studies investigating the cost-effectiveness of the Everolimus-coated Xience V stent. Methodologically rigorous economic evaluations addressing these issues within the context of the German health care system are therefore urgently required.
    Herz 05/2011; 36(3):254-61. · 0.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

937 Citations
127.59 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2013
    • Steinbeis Hochschule Berlin
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
  • 2011–2012
    • Robert Koch Institut
      • • Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology
      • • Division 33: Immunization
      Berlin, Land Berlin, Germany
  • 2008–2012
    • Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin
      • Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics
      Berlin, Land Berlin, Germany