MW Beckmann

Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (665)1071.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Patients with essential hypertension may show neurovascular compression (NVC) at the rostral ventrolateral medulla oblongata (RVLM). Ectatic loops of the vertebral artery (VA) or the inferior posterior cerebellar artery (PICA) cause NVC. This study aims to show the existence and morphology of NVC in patients with gestation-induced hypertension. 17 females were prospectively examined between 19 + 0 and 35 + 6 weeks of gestation. 3 patients with chronic hypertension (group A), 10 patients with preeclampsia (group B), 3 patients with superimposed preeclampsia (chronic hypertension with preeclampsia; group C) and one normotensive patient were included. Groups B and C represented patients with gestation-induced hypertension. All 17 patients underwent imaging by high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MR-CISS, constructive interference in the steady state). Image processing was done with segmentation and three-dimensional (3D)-visualization was implemented with direct volume rendering of the individual neurovascular details of each patient. 9 of 17 patients (53%) showed NVC of the RVLM. Right-sided NVC was seen in 7 patients (41%). Left-sided NVC was seen in 6 patients (35%). Bilateral NVC was seen in 4 patients (24%). NVC was missing in 8 of the examined 17 patients (47%). The existence of NVC with high-resolution MRI was analyzed in gestation-induced hypertensive pregnant females for the first time. Neurovascular conflicts were seen in hypertensive pregnants. It is possible that NVC is potentially associated in patients with gestation-induced hypertension.
    Medical Hypotheses 06/2015; 84(6). DOI:10.1016/j.mehy.2015.03.024 · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a result of impaired placental nutrient supply. Newborns with IUGR exhibiting postnatal catch-up growth are of higher risk for cardiovascular and metabolic co-morbidities in adult life. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) was recently shown to function as a placental nutrient sensor. Thus, we determined possible correlations of members of the placental mTOR signaling cascade with auxologic parameters of postnatal growth. The protein expression and activity of mTOR-pathway signaling components, Akt, AMP-activated protein kinase α, mTOR, p70S6kinase1 and insulin receptor substrate-1 were analysed via western blotting in IUGR v. matched appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) placentas. Moreover, mTOR was immunohistochemically stained in placental sections. Data from western blot analyses were correlated with retrospective auxological follow-up data at 1 year of age. We found significant catch-up growth in the 1st year of life in the IUGR group. MTOR and its activated form are immunohistochemically detected in multiple placental compartments. We identified correlations of placental mTOR-pathway signaling components to auxological data at birth and at 1 year of life in IUGR. Analysis of the protein expression and phosphorylation level of mTOR-pathway components in IUGR and AGA placentas postpartum, however, did not reveal pathognomonic changes. Our findings suggest that the level of activated mTOR correlates with early catch-up growth following IUGR. However, the complexity of signals converging at the mTOR nexus and its cellular distribution pattern seem to limit its potential as biomarker in this setting.
    05/2015; DOI:10.1017/S2040174415001154
  • Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 04/2015; 75(03):218-221. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1396223 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the accuracy of intrapartum sonographic weight estimation (WE). This retrospective, cross-sectional study included 1958 singleton pregnancies. Inclusion criteria were singleton pregnancy with cephalic presentation, vaginal delivery and ultrasound examination with complete biometric parameters performed on the day of delivery during the latent or active phase of labor, and absence of chromosomal or structural anomalies. The accuracy of intrapartum WE was compared to a control group of fetuses delivered by primary cesarean section at our perinatal center and an ultrasound examination with complete biometric parameters performed within 3 days before delivery (n = 392). Otherwise, the same inclusion criteria as in the study group were applied. The accuracy of WE was compared between five commonly applied formulas using means of percentage errors (MPE), medians of absolute percentage errors (MAPE), and proportions of estimates within 10 % of actual birth weight. In the whole study group, all equations showed a systematic underestimation of fetal weight (negative MPEs). Overall, best MAPE and MPE values were found with the Hadlock II formula, using BPD, AC and FL as biometric parameters (Hadlock II, MPE: -1.28; MAPE: 6.52). MPEs differed significantly between WE in the study and control group for all evaluated formulas: in the control group, either no systematic error (Hadlock III, IV and V) or a significant overestimation (Hadlock I, II) was found. Regarding MAPEs, application of the Hadlock III (HC, AC, FL) and V (AC) formula resulted in significant lower values in the control group (Hadlock III, MAPE: 7.48 vs. 5.95, p = 0.0008 and Hadlock V, MAPE: 8.79 vs. 7.52, p = 0.0085). No significant differences were found for the other equations. A systematic underestimation of fetal weight has to be taken into account in sonographic WE performed intrapartum. Overall, the best results can be achieved with WE formulas using the BPD as the only head measurement.
    Archives of Gynecology 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00404-015-3720-3 · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The combination of mechanical and drug procedures for the induction of labour seems to be beneficial. Accordingly, the normal procedure in clinical routine has been changed and induction of labour by means of a balloon catheter has been implemented. The aim of this study was to find out if this procedural change has resulted in a more effective induction of labour. Materials and Method: In this historical cohort study 230 inductions of labour at term in the year 2012 were compared with 291 inductions of labour in the year 2013, all at the University of Erlangen Perinatal Centre. Exclusion criteria were, among others, a multiple pregnancy, a premature rupture of membranes and a prior Caesarean section. In 2012 births were induced solely by use of the drugs dinoprostone and misoprostol, in 2013 not only with misoprostol but also mainly by use of a balloon catheter. The primary target parameter was the rate of failed labour inductions, defined as "no birth within 72 hours". Results: Altogether 521 inductions of labour were analysed. The rate of failed inductions of labour could be reduced by the changes in induction method (first-time mothers: 23 vs. 9 %, p = 0.0059; multiparous women: 10 vs. 1 %, p = 0.0204). Furthermore, the rate of primary Caesarean sections due to failed induction of labour (5.7 vs. 1.4 %, p = 0.0064), that of the observation of green amniotic fluid (first-time mothers: 23 vs. 9 %, p = 0.0059; multiparous women: 10 vs. 1 %, p = 0.0204) and of infantile infections (first-time mothers: 23 vs. 9 %, p = 0.0059; multiparous women: 10 vs. 1 %, p = 0.0204) were all reduced as well. Conclusion: The routine use of a balloon catheter for induction of labour has markedly improved the procedure. There were fewer failed labour inductions and fewer Caesarean sections due to failed induction of labour.
    Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 04/2015; 75(03):238-243. DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545899 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: This study aimed to compare the accuracy of sonography versus digital breast tomosynthesis to locate intramammary marker clips placed under ultrasound guidance. Patients and Methods: Fifty patients with suspicion of breast cancer (lesion diameter less than 2 cm [cT1]) had ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy with placement of a marker clip in the center of the tumor. Intramammary marker clips were subsequently located with both sonography and digital breast tomosynthesis. Results: Sonography detected no dislocation of intrammammary marker clips in 42 of 50 patients (84 %); dislocation was reported in 8 patients (16 %) with a maximum dislocation of 7 mm along the x-, y- or z-axis. Digital breast tomosynthesis showed accurate placement without dislocation of the intramammary marker clip in 48 patients (96 %); 2 patients (4 %) had a maximum clip dislocation of 3 mm along the x-, y- or z-axis (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The use of digital breast tomosynthesis could improve the accuracy when locating intramammary marker clips compared to sonography and could, in future, be used to complement or even completely replace sonography.
    Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 02/2015; 75(1):72-76. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1396164 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The appropriate surgical technique to treat patients with uterine fibroids is still a matter of debate as is the potential risk of incorrect treatment if histological examination detects a uterine sarcoma instead of uterine fibroids. The published epidemiology for uterine sarcoma is set against the incidence of accidental findings during surgery for uterine fibroids. International comments on this topic are discussed and are incorporated into the assessment by the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG). The ICD-O-3 version of 2003 was used for the anatomical and topographical coding of uterine sarcomas, and the "Operations- und Prozedurenschlüssel" (OPS) 2014, the German standard for process codes and interventions, was used to determine surgical extirpation methods. Categorical qualifiers were defined to analyze the data provided by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), the German Federal Bureau of Statistics (DESTATIS; Hospital and Causes of Death Statistics), the population-based Cancer Register of Bavaria. A systematic search was done of the MEDLINE database and the Cochrane collaboration, covering the period from 1966 until November 2014. The incidence of uterine sarcoma and uterine fibroids in uterine surgery was compared to the literature and with the different registries. The incidence of uterine sarcoma in 2010, standardized for age, was 1.53 for Bavaria, or 1.30 for every 100 000 women, respectively, averaged for the years 2002-2011, and 1.30 for every 100 000 women in Germany. The mean incidence collated from various surveys was 2.02 for every 100 000 women (0.35-7.02; standard deviation 2.01). The numbers of inpatient surgical procedures such as myoma enucleation, morcellation, hysterectomy or cervical stump removal to treat the indication "uterine myoma" have steadily declined in Germany across all age groups (an absolute decrease of 17 % in 2012 compared to 2007). There has been a shift in the preferred method of surgical access from an abdominal/vaginal approach to endoscopic or endoscopically assisted procedures to treat uterine fibroids, with the use of morcellation increasing by almost 11 000 coded procedures in 2012. Based on international statements (AAGL, ACOG, ESGE, FDA, SGO) on the risk of uterine sarcoma as an coincidental finding during uterine fibroid surgery and the associated risk of a deterioration of prognosis (in the case of morcellation procedures), this overview presents the opinion of the DGGG in the form of four Statements, five Recommendation and four Demands.
    Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 02/2015; 75(2):148-164. DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1545684 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • G Emons, M W Beckmann, D Schmidt, P Mallmann
    Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 02/2015; 75(2):135-136. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1396256 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of the time interval between examination and delivery on the accuracy of sonographic weight estimation (WE) in fetal macrosomia. 896 singleton pregnancies (birth weight > 4,000 g) with a total of 1,281 sonographic weight estimations were included in this retrospective cohort study. Fetuses were divided into six groups with regard to the time interval between estimation and delivery: group 1: scan-to-delivery interval: 0 days; group 2: scan-to-delivery interval: 1-3 days; group 3: scan-to-delivery interval: 4-7 days; group 4: scan-to-delivery interval: 8-14 days; group 5: scan-to-delivery interval: 15-21 days; group 6: scan-to-delivery interval: 22-42 days. The accuracy of WE was compared between five commonly used formulas using means of percentage errors (MPE), random error, medians of absolute percentage errors (MAPE), and proportions of estimates within 10 % of actual birth weight. Significant differences were found between the time interval groups with regard to MAPE and MPE values (p < 0.001). All formulas showed a systematic underestimation of fetal weight (negative MPEs) (p < 0.05). MPE values were closest to zero in time interval group 1 and 2. From group 3 to 6, a continuous decrease was observed. The lowest MAPE was found with the Merz formula in group 1 and 2. Values increased continuously from group 3 to 6. Differences between time interval group one and three did not reach statistical significance. WE in fetal macrosomia shows the best results when examinations are performed within 7 days before delivery, using the formula of Merz et al. Accuracy significantly decreases after this time period.
    Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 12/2014; 292(1). DOI:10.1007/s00404-014-3604-y · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The EvaluateTM study (Evaluation of therapy management and patient compliance in postmenopausal hormone receptor-positive breast cancer patients receiving letrozole treatment) is a prospective, non-interventional study for the assessment of therapy management and compliance in the routine care of postmenopausal women with invasive hormone receptor-positive breast cancer receiving letrozole. The parameters for inclusion in the study are presented and discussed here. Material and Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2009 a total of 5045 patients in 310 study centers were recruited to the EvaluateTM study. Inclusion criteria were hormone receptor-positive breast cancer and adjuvant treatment or metastasis. 373 patients were excluded from the analysis for various reasons. Results: A total of 4420 patients receiving adjuvant treatment and 252 patients with metastasis receiving palliative treatment were included in the study. For 4181 patients receiving adjuvant treatment, treatment with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole commenced immediately after surgery (upfront). Two hundred patients had initially received tamoxifen and started aromatase inhibitor treatment with letrozole at 1-5 years after diagnosis (switch), und 39 patients only commenced letrozole treatment 5-10 years after diagnosis (extended endocrine therapy). Patient and tumor characteristics were within expected ranges, as were comorbidities and concurrent medication. Conclusion: The data from the EvaluateTM study will offer a good overview of therapy management in the routine care of postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Planned analyses will look at therapy compliance and patient satisfaction with how information is conveyed and the contents of the conveyed information.
    Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 12/2014; 74(12):1137-1143. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1383401 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: International studies have shown that the performance of a direct (or immediate) reconstruction (DR) after mastectomy is associated with patient (e.g., socio-economic status, insurance status, age) and hospital (number of cases, teaching status) characteristics. The present article addresses the question if such relationships also exist in Germany. Material and Methods: The results of a nationwide questionnaire to the patients of certified breast cancer centres were coupled with the clinical features of the patients and the characteristics of the hospital. Predictors for receiving a DR (vs. delayed or no reconstruction) were estimated by means of a logistic multilevel model for a sample of 1165 patients from 105 certified locations. Results: Substantial differences between the treating hospitals were found (intraclass correlation coefficient null model: 0.195) which can in part be explained by the total model (total model: 0.169). Patients with the following features are more likely to receive a DR: younger age, private health insurance, secondary school leaving certificate (vs. primary school leaving certificate), lower stage and acquisition of more information about reconstruction. ASA and partnership status are not statistically significantly related with DR. DR is more likely to be performed in hospitals with higher caseload of patients with primary breast cancer. Teaching status, operations per surgeon and urbanity of the location are not related to receiving a DR. Conclusions: Non-clinical features of the patients and the primary case number are associated with the performance of a DR, this poses questions concerning reasons and the equality of health care.
    Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 12/2014; 74(12):1128-1136. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1383400 · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Folate receptor 1 (FOLR1) is expressed in the majority of ovarian carcinomas (OvCa), making it an attractive target for therapy. However, clinical trials testing anti-FOLR1 therapies in OvCa show mixed results and require better understanding of the prognostic relevance of FOLR1 expression. We conducted a large study evaluating FOLR1 expression with survival in different histological types of OvCa.Methods:Tissue microarrays composed of tumour samples from 2801 patients in the Ovarian Tumour Tissue Analysis (OTTA) consortium were assessed for FOLR1 expression by centralised immunohistochemistry. We estimated associations for overall (OS) and progression-free (PFS) survival using adjusted Cox regression models. High-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSC) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were evaluated independently for association between FOLR1 mRNA upregulation and survival.Results:FOLR1 expression ranged from 76% in HGSC to 11% in mucinous carcinomas in OTTA. For HGSC, the association between FOLR1 expression and OS changed significantly during the years following diagnosis in OTTA (Pinteraction=0.01, N=1422) and TCGA (Pinteraction=0.01, N=485). In OTTA, particularly for FIGO stage I/II tumours, patients with FOLR1-positive HGSC showed increased OS during the first 2 years only (hazard ratio=0.44, 95% confidence interval=0.20-0.96) and patients with FOLR1-positive clear cell carcinomas (CCC) showed decreased PFS independent of follow-up time (HR=1.89, 95% CI=1.10-3.25, N=259). In TCGA, FOLR1 mRNA upregulation in HGSC was also associated with increased OS during the first 2 years following diagnosis irrespective of tumour stage (HR: 0.48, 95% CI: 0.25-0.94).Conclusions:FOLR1-positive HGSC tumours were associated with an increased OS in the first 2 years following diagnosis. Patients with FOLR1-negative, poor prognosis HGSC would be unlikely to benefit from anti-FOLR1 therapies. In contrast, a decreased PFS interval was observed for FOLR1-positive CCC. The clinical efficacy of FOLR1-targeted interventions should therefore be evaluated according to histology, stage and time following diagnosis.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 30 October 2014; doi:10.1038/bjc.2014.567 www.bjcancer.com.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2014; 111(12). DOI:10.1038/bjc.2014.567 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: GWAS have identified a breast cancer susceptibility locus on 2q35. Here we report the fine mapping of this locus using data from 101,943 subjects from 50 case-control studies. We genotype 276 SNPs using the 'iCOGS' genotyping array and impute genotypes for a further 1,284 using 1000 Genomes Project data. All but two, strongly correlated SNPs (rs4442975 G/T and rs6721996 G/A) are excluded as candidate causal variants at odds against >100:1. The best functional candidate, rs4442975, is associated with oestrogen receptor positive (ER+) disease with an odds ratio (OR) in Europeans of 0.85 (95% confidence interval=0.84-0.87; P=1.7 × 10(-43)) per t-allele. This SNP flanks a transcriptional enhancer that physically interacts with the promoter of IGFBP5 (encoding insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 5) and displays allele-specific gene expression, FOXA1 binding and chromatin looping. Evidence suggests that the g-allele confers increased breast cancer susceptibility through relative downregulation of IGFBP5, a gene with known roles in breast cell biology.
    Nature Communications 09/2014; · 10.74 Impact Factor
  • Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 09/2014; 74(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1388321 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 09/2014; 74(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1388498 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 09/2014; 74(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1388054 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 09/2014; 74(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1388537 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 09/2014; 74(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1388208 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 09/2014; 74(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1388061 · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 09/2014; 74(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1388571 · 0.96 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
1,071.85 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2015
    • Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Midwifery
      Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1999–2015
    • Universitätsklinikum Erlangen
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
      Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
    • University of Bonn
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1999–2012
    • Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf
      • • Frauenklinik
      • • Klinik für Gastroenterologie, Hepatologie und Infektiologie
      Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2009–2010
    • University Hospital Essen
      • Klinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
      Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2004
    • Universität Regensburg
      Ratisbon, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2002
    • University of Houston
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 2001–2002
    • Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf
      Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1996
    • University of Cologne
      Köln, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1993–1994
    • University Hospital Frankfurt
      Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany
    • University of Freiburg
      • Institute of Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics
      Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 1991–1993
    • University of Chicago
      • Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
      Chicago, IL, United States
  • 1992
    • Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
      Frankfurt, Hesse, Germany