Amir Kazory

University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States

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Publications (74)283.59 Total impact

  • Amir Kazory
    The Journal of emergency medicine. 10/2014;
  • Amir Kazory, Uri Elkayam
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    ABSTRACT: Simultaneous dysfunction of the heart and the kidney represents a distinct spectrum of disease states composed of complex clinical scenarios with adverse outcomes. Worsening renal function (WRF) in the setting of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is one such clinical setup for which the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Apparent discrepancies exist between the emerging data on the cardiorenal interactions of patients with ADHF and contemporary concepts such as the low forward flow or the high backward pressure hypotheses. The findings of the recent retrospective studies also suggest that apparent "improvement in renal function" might be yet another risk factor for untoward outcomes in this patient population, further challenging our current understanding of the cardiorenal interactions. Besides, these data do not seem to fully support our conventional thinking about other aspects of these interactions such as the independent adverse impact of WRF on the outcomes of patients with ADHF, pointing to congestion as a possibly overlooked factor. In this article we provide an overview of these emerging controversial issues with the goal of identifying the areas where clinical research could be most helpful as it is of paramount importance to characterize the pathways leading to WRF in ADHF in order to develop a mechanistically-relevant management strategy. While the paucity of data coupled with the complexity of this field precludes any firm conclusion, these discussions are meant to prompt clinicians and researchers to revisit a number of long-believed concepts surrounding the cardiorenal interactions in ADHF.
    Journal of cardiac failure. 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Despite major advances in pharmacological therapy and cardiac devices, heart failure patients continue to be frequently (re-)hospitalized with signs and symptoms of fluid overload. Diuretics improve the symptoms of fluid overload, but their effectiveness is reduced by a number of factors including excess salt intake, underlying chronic kidney disease, renal adaptation to their actions and neurohormonal activation. Ultrafiltration (UF) is a mechanical method of fluid removal with several potential advantages over diuretic-based conventional therapies: several recent studies have demonstrated favorable clinical response to UF therapy. Such studies have shown that removal of large amounts of isotonic fluid, in addition to relieving symptoms of congestion, can improve exercise capacity, reduce cardiac filling pressures, restore diuretic responsiveness, and portend a favorable effect on cardio-pulmonary, cardiorenal interactions, and neurohormonal hyperactivation. However, despite these proposed benefits, so far, no clinical study has yet been carried out to explore the impact of UF therapy on hard clinical endpoints such as long-term mortality. In this article, we review a number of mechanistic aspects of UF therapy, with particular emphasis on cardio-pulmonary and cardiorenal interactions, and revisit the results of more recent clinical trials in order to highlight the characteristics that can help identify patients who are more likely to benefit from this therapeutic modality.
    Nephrologie & therapeutique. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This is the report of a case of methotrexate nephrotoxicity for which glucarpidase was used. We use the case to review a number of teaching points related to this new treatment option.
    Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice 12/2013; 19(4):373-376.
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    ABSTRACT: Studies exploring the impact of overweight on mortality have reported controversial results in dialysis patients; some have found overweight to increase mortality, whereas others suggest that it offers a survival advantage. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the impact of overweight on atherosclerotic events (AE) in dialysis patients with special respect to the malnutrition/inflammation complex syndrome (MICS). Five hundred and forty-one hemodialysis patients from 11 dialysis centers in France were included. A number of baseline parameters including traditional and non-traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors were measured and the cohort was followed prospectively. Over a mean follow-up of 39 months, 207 patients (38.3%) experienced an AE. Overweight, defined by a body mass index greater than 25 kg/m(2), was associated with increased risk of AEs [RR: 1.68 (CI: 1.11-3.56)], and CV mortality [RR: 1.51 (CI: 1.07-2.13)]. The effect of overweight was different in patients with and without MICS. Age, diabetes, a previous history of CV disease, high serum levels of homocysteine and MICS were also associated with an increased risk of AEs. Similar to the general population, overweight contributes to an increased risk for AEs and CV mortality in hemodialysis patients. The presence or absence of MICS can modify the impact of overweight on development of AEs and mortality in this population.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 11/2013; 28 Suppl 4:iv188-iv194. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Amir Kazory, Claudio Ronco
    American heart journal 11/2013; 166(5):799-803. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous small studies have reported favorable results of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in the setting of chronic refractory heart failure (CRHF). We evaluated the impact of PD in a larger cohort of patients with CHRF where end-stage renal disease was excluded. All patients who received PD therapy for CRHF between January 1995 and December 2010 in two medical centers in France were included in this retrospective study. Baseline characteristics were compared with clinical parameters during the first year after initiation of PD. Mortality, safety, and sustainability of PD were also analyzed. The 126 patients included had a mean age of 72 ± 11 years and an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 33.5 ± 15.1 mL/min/1.73 m2. Mean time on PD was 16±16.6 months. During the first year, patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 30% or less experienced improvement in cardiac function (30% ± 10% vs 20% ± 6%, p < 0.0001). We observed a significant reduction in the number of days of hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure after PD initiation (3.3 ± 2.6 days/patient-month vs 0.3 ± 0.5 days/patient-month, p < 0.0001). One-year mortality was 42%. In CRHF, PD significantly reduces the number of days of hospitalization for acute heart failure. Improved LVEF may have led to the comparatively good 1-year survival in this cohort.
    Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis. 09/2013;
  • Amir Kazory
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure remains the leading cause of hospitalization in older patients and is considered a growing public health problem with a significant financial burden on the health care system. The suboptimal efficacy and safety profile of diuretic-based therapeutic regimens coupled with unsatisfactory results of the studies on novel pharmacologic agents have positioned ultrafiltration on the forefront as an appealing therapeutic option for patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). In recent years, substantial interest in the use of ultrafiltration has been generated due to the advent of dedicated portable devices and promising results of trials focusing both on mechanistic and clinical aspects of this therapeutic modality. This article briefly reviews the proposed benefits of ultrafiltration therapy in the setting of ADHF and summarizes the major findings of the currently available studies in this field. The results of more recent trials on cardiorenal syndrome that present a counterpoint to previous observations and highlight certain limitations of ultrafiltration therapy are then discussed, followed by identification of major challenges and unanswered questions that could potentially hinder its more widespread use. Future studies are warranted to shed light on less well characterized aspects of ultrafiltration therapy and to further define its role in ADHF and cardiorenal syndrome.
    Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 05/2013; · 5.07 Impact Factor
  • Saima Iqbal, Amir Kazory
    Circulation Research 12/2012; 111(12):e388. · 11.86 Impact Factor
  • Ravi Aiyer, Amir Kazory
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 10/2012; · 5.29 Impact Factor
  • Néphrologie & Thérapeutique. 09/2012; 8(5):281.
  • Cécile Courivaud, Amir Kazory
    European Journal of Heart Failure 04/2012; 14(5):461-3. · 5.25 Impact Factor
  • Amir Kazory, Edward A Ross
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    ABSTRACT: Improved understanding of the pathophysiology of salt and water homeostasis has provided a foundation for explaining the renal mechanisms of emerging therapies for heart failure, as well as why renal function might potentially be improved or harmed. These aspects are reviewed in this article for a number of newer therapies including adenosine, endothelin, and vasopressin receptor antagonists, as well as extracorporeal ultrafiltration. An appreciation of the complexity and sometimes opposing pathways of these approaches may explain their limited efficacy in early trials, in which there has not been a substantial improvement in patient or renal outcomes. In that there is often a balance between beneficial and maladaptive receptor actions and neurohumoral responses, this physiologic approach also provides insight into the rationale for combining therapies. Multi-agent strategies may thus maximize their effectiveness while minimizing adverse effects and tolerance. In this paper, the theoretical impact of the emerging agents based on their mechanism of action and pathophysiology of the disease is initially addressed. Then, the available clinical evidence for each class of drugs is reviewed with special emphasis on their effect on kidney-related parameters. Finally, a general overview of the complexity of the interpretation of trials is offered along with a number of potential explanations for the observed results.
    Heart Failure Reviews 01/2012; 17(1):1-16. · 4.45 Impact Factor
  • Edward A Ross, Amir Kazory
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Heart failure (HF) has a high readmission rate in part due to conventional and recently developed therapeutic options having suboptimal results. Extracorporeal and peritoneal ultrafiltration have been advocated as more beneficial methods for fluid removal in decompensated or refractory HF, respectively. Methods: Traditional and emerging concepts explaining the pathophysiology of HF and the cardiorenal syndrome are reviewed. Extracorporeal and peritoneal ultrafiltration clinical trials are then discussed in terms of potential physiologic benefits, feasibility and their effects on both cardiac and renal function. Results: Ultrafiltration therapy can efficiently correct volume overload in the acute setting, improve cardiac functional and quality of life parameters, and is associated with long-lasting benefits such as reduced HF-related readmissions. Although excessive fluid removal can adversely affect the kidneys, there is evidence that careful protocols can restore diuretic sensitivity and maintain stable renal function; crafting safe parameters has yet to be studied. Conclusion: While extracorporeal ultrafiltration is an appealing therapeutic option for patients with acute decompensated HF, determining the optimal fluid removal rate and the impact on renal function need further investigation. Peritoneal dialysis may be an appropriate alternative in the setting of chronic refractory HF, but controlled studies are needed. Further trials are warranted to determine the long-term outcomes from both ultrafiltration modalities in HF.
    Blood Purification 01/2012; 34(2):149-57. · 2.06 Impact Factor
  • Gurjit Dhatt, Zvi Talor, Amir Kazory
    Journal of Emergency Medicine 11/2011; 43(2):348-9. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization in older patients and is considered a public health problem with a significant financial burden on the health care system. Ultrafiltration represents an emerging therapy for patients with heart failure with a number of advantages over the conventional therapy. In this article, a summary of the relevant pathophysiological mechanisms such as removal of inflammatory cytokines are provided that might indeed be associated with a number of financial implications for ultrafiltration. Then practical points such as training of physicians and staff that need to be considered by physicians and medical centers with regards to financial implications of this therapy are reviewed.
    International journal of cardiology 06/2011; 154(3):246-9. · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • American Journal of Kidney Diseases - AMER J KIDNEY DIS. 01/2011; 57(4).
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    ABSTRACT: Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a well-known complication in renal transplant recipients (RTRs). While a number of risk factors for PTDM have been identified, the potential impact of pre-transplant dialysis modality on subsequent development of PTDM has not yet been explored. We performed a multicenter retrospective study on 2010 consecutive RTRs who did not have a history of diabetes prior to renal transplantation. PTDM was defined as a need for anti-diabetic therapy in an RTR without a history of diabetes prior to transplantation. Analysis of the risk factors for development of PTDM was performed with respect to pre-transplant dialysis modality. A total of 137 (6.8%) patients developed PTDM; 7% in the hemodialysis group and 6.5% in the peritoneal dialysis (PD) group (p = 0.85). In the multivariate analysis, age (p < 0.001), body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.001), use of tacrolimus (p = 0.002), and rejection episodes (p < 0.001) were identified as independent risk factors for development of PTDM. Patients in the PD group were younger (p = 0.004), had lower BMI (p = 0.07), and were less likely to have a history of hepatitis C (p = 0.007) and autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (p = 0.07). Adjustment for these variables did not modify the results. The results of this study suggest that pre-transplant dialysis modality does not have an impact on the subsequent development of PTDM in RTRs.
    Clinical Transplantation 12/2010; 25(5):794-9. · 1.63 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Neurology 11/2010; 18(3):e33. · 4.16 Impact Factor
  • Amir Kazory
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    ABSTRACT: The nonosmotic release of arginine vasopressin, concurrent with the activation of the sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, is thought to represent the maladaptive response that is central to the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). The degree of neurohormonal activation correlates with the severity of the disease and can predict the outcomes. However, quantification of components of neurohormonal axis (e.g., serum arginine vasopressin level) is mainly reserved for research purposes rather than routine practice. The results of several recent HF trials have shed light on the differential role of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine in predicting the outcomes in this setting. These studies suggest that BUN could indeed represent a surrogate marker for "renal response" to neurohormonal activation in this setting, above and beyond its role in the estimation of renal function. In this report, the relevant physiologic mechanisms underlying urea and water transport in the kidney are first reviewed. Then, the activation of the neurohormonal axis and the impact of its components on renal urea transport, independent of changes in renal function, are explained. Finally, the unique role of BUN as a biomarker of neurohormonal activation in the setting of HF is discussed, and the potential clinical implication of this novel concept is emphasized. In conclusion, this review explains the pathophysiologic basis for the emerging role of BUN as a biomarker in HF.
    The American journal of cardiology 09/2010; 106(5):694-700. · 3.58 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

757 Citations
283.59 Total Impact Points


  • 2008–2014
    • University of Florida
      • Division of Nephrology, Hypertension & Renal Transplantation
      Gainesville, Florida, United States
  • 2004–2013
    • University of Franche-Comté
      Becoinson, Franche-Comté, France
  • 2003–2010
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional et Universitaire de Besançon
      Becoinson, Franche-Comté, France
  • 2009
    • Good Samaritan Hospital
      Suffern, New York, United States