Ellinor I B Peerschke

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, United States

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Publications (116)485.47 Total impact

  • 10/2015; 2(4). DOI:10.1177/2374289515605336
  • Ellinor I B Peerschke · Sandip Panicker · James Bussel ·

    British Journal of Haematology 08/2015; DOI:10.1111/bjh.13648 · 4.71 Impact Factor
  • Ellinor I B Peerschke · Donna D Castellone · A K Stroobants · John Francis ·
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To develop reference ranges for platelet aggregation using the Multiplate analyzer (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany) in blood anticoagulated with sodium citrate (Na-citrate), lithium heparin (Li-heparin), or hirudin. Methods: The study was performed at three sites on consented, healthy adults (n = 193) not taking antiplatelet medication. Platelet aggregation was evaluated in response to adenosine-5'-diphosphate, arachidonic acid, collagen, thrombin receptor activating peptide, ristocetin, and adenosine-5'-diphosphate combined with prostaglandin E1. Precision testing was conducted using healthy donors and donors taking aspirin. Results: Whole-blood platelet aggregation showed anticoagulant-dependent differences in platelet responses to all agonists. Samples collected in Na-citrate demonstrated the lowest responses to all agonists. The highest responses were obtained using Li-heparin. Precision testing revealed high variability in platelet aggregation at lower agonist doses, regardless of anticoagulant. Highest platelet response variations occurred in response to arachidonic acid in blood anticoagulated with hirudin from participants taking aspirin. Conclusions: These data demonstrate the importance of establishing locally relevant reference ranges.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 11/2014; 142(5):647-56. DOI:10.1309/AJCPP43SEYCBJLHJ · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • Ellinor I. B. Peerschke · Berhane Ghebrehiwet ·
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    ABSTRACT: The survival and growth of a primary tumor depends, by and large, on three major events: immune evasion, angiogenesis and metastasis. Tumor cells are “modified self”, and as such express a plethora of modified surface antigens capable of inducing antibody production. Anti-tumor cell antibodies should, in theory, activate complement resulting in cell destruction. But this is not the case. Akin to many pathogenic microorganisms whose survival depends on evading the immune system, cancer cells have also evolved diverse mechanisms to prevent host mediated cell destruction by either retaining critical regulatory molecules or by hijacking host proteins to ensure their survival. Although immune evasion, angiogenesis and metastasis are complex biological processes involving a myriad of tumor associated proteins, enzymes, and cytokines, C1qRs can, nonetheless play an important role in all or part of these processes. Although both cC1qR/CR and gC1qR are expressed by all somatic cells, with the exception of red blood cells, both are highly upregulated on almost all types of tumors. It is not surprising therefore that blockade of C1qR on tumor cells inhibits their proliferation suggesting the significance of C1qRs in tumor growth and progression. Interestingly, the two C1q receptors: cC1qR/CR and gC1qR play a differential role in carcinogenesis. While gC1qR promotes tumor cell survival by enhancing angiogenesis and metastasis and also by contributing to the hypercoagulable and prothrombotic microenvironment, cC1qR/CR expression represents a pro-phagocytic “eat-me” signal through which cC1qR/CR expressing tumor cells are tagged for destruction by macrophages. The data accumulated to date therefore identify gC1qR and cC1qR/CR as potential targets for the design of either protein-based, antibody-based or chemical based therapeutic intervention that could be used to enhance conventional anti-cancer therapy. The inhibition of tumor cell proliferation by monoclonal antibody recognizing the C1q site on gC1qR, as well as the identification of agents such as anthracyclin that enhance cC1qR/CR expression on tumor cells, are indeed steps in the right direction.
    Molecular Immunology 10/2014; 61(2). DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2014.06.011 · 2.97 Impact Factor
  • Ellinor I B Peerschke · Melissa S Pessin · Peter Maslak ·
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Evaluation of anemia, particularly iron deficiency, in patients with cancer is difficult. This study examined using the hemoglobin content of reticulocytes (RET-He) to rule out iron deficiency, as defined by serum iron studies (transferrin saturation <20%, serum iron <40 μg/dL, and ferritin <100 ng/mL), in an unselected cancer patient population. Methods: Patients were entered into the study based on the existence of concurrent laboratory test requests for CBC and serum iron studies. Results: Using a threshold of 32 pg/cell, RET-He ruled out iron deficiency with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 98.5% and 100%, respectively, in the study population (n = 209) and in a subpopulation of patients with low reticulocyte counts (n = 19). In comparison, the NPV of traditional CBC parameters (hemoglobin, <11 g/dL; mean corpuscular volume, <80 fL) was only 88.5%. Conclusions: These results support the use of RET-He in the evaluation of iron deficiency in a cancer care setting.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 10/2014; 142(4):506-12. DOI:10.1309/AJCPCVZ5B0BOYJGN · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    Berhane Ghebrehiwet · Kinga K Hosszu · Alisa Valentino · Yan Ji · Ellinor I B Peerschke ·
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    ABSTRACT: The ability of circulating blood monocytes to express C1q receptors (cC1qR and gC1qR) as well as to synthesize and secrete the classical pathway proteins C1q, C1r, and C1s and their regulator, C1-INH is very well established. What is intriguing, however, is that, in addition to secretion of the individual C1 proteins monocytes are also able to display macromolecular C1 on their surface in a manner that is stable and functional. The cell surface C1 complex is presumably formed by a Ca(2+)-dependent association of the C1r2⋅C1s2 tetramer to C1q, which in turn is anchored via a membrane-binding domain located in the N-terminus of its A-chain as shown previously. Monocytes, which circulate in the blood for 1-3 days before they move into tissues throughout the body, not only serve as precursors of macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs), but also fulfill three main functions in the immune system: phagocytosis, antigen presentation, and cytokine production. Since the globular heads of C1q within the membrane associated C1 are displayed outwardly, we hypothesize that their main function - especially in circulating monocytes - is to recognize and capture circulating immune complexes or pathogen-associated molecular patterns in the blood. This in turn may give crucial signal, which drives the monocytes to migrate into tissues, differentiate into macrophages or DCs, and initiate the process of antigen elimination. Unoccupied C1q on the other hand may serve to keep monocytes in a pre-dendritic phenotype by silencing key molecular players thus ensuring that unwarranted DC-driven immune response does not occur. In this paper, we will discuss the role of monocyte/DC-associated C1q receptors, macromolecular C1 as well as secreted C1q in both innate and acquired immune responses.
    Frontiers in Immunology 06/2014; 5:278. DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2014.00278
  • Berhane Ghebrehiwet · Ellinor I B Peerschke ·
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    ABSTRACT: The recognition subunit of C1, C1q, has emerged as an important player in various pathophysiologic conditions largely in part due to its ability to interact with pathogen-associated or cell surface expressed ligands and receptors. Identification and purification of these molecules is therefore of paramount importance if we are to procure valuable information with regards to the structure, function, and cell surface distribution. Since the interaction of C1q is better served when the receptors are purified from homologous species, we discuss here a simple guideline for the purification and characterization of the two C1q receptors, cC1qR (calreticulin) and gC1qR, from human cell lines.
    Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) 01/2014; 1100:319-27. DOI:10.1007/978-1-62703-724-2_26 · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bradykinin (BK) is one of the most potent vasodilator agonists known and belongs to the kinin family of proinflammatory peptides. BK induces its activity via two G protein-coupled receptors: BK receptor 1 (B1R) and BK receptor 2. Although BK receptor 2 is constitutively expressed on endothelial cells (ECs), B1R is induced by IL-1β. The C1q receptor, receptor for the globular heads of C1q (gC1qR), which plays a role in BK generation, is expressed on activated ECs and is also secreted as soluble gC1qR (sgC1qR). Because sgC1qR can bind to ECs, we hypothesized that it may also serve as an autocrine/paracrine signal for the induction of B1R expression. In this study, we show that gC1qR binds to ECs via a highly conserved domain consisting of residues 174-180, as assessed by solid-phase binding assay and deconvolution fluorescence microscopy. Incubation of ECs (24 h, 37°C) with sgC1qR resulted in enhancement of B1R expression, whereas incubation with gC1qR lacking aa 174-180 and 154-162 had a diminished effect. Binding of sgC1qR to ECs was through surface-bound fibrinogen and was inhibited by anti-fibrinogen. In summary, our data suggest that, at sites of inflammation, sgC1qR can enhance vascular permeability by upregulation of B1R expression through de novo synthesis, as well as rapid translocation of preformed B1R.
    The Journal of Immunology 12/2013; 192(1). DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1302031 · 4.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The receptor for the globular heads of C1q, gC1qR/p33, is a widely expressed cellular -protein, which binds to diverse ligands including plasma proteins, cellular proteins, and microbial ligands. In addition to C1q, gC1qR also binds high molecular weight kininogen (HK), which also has two other cell surface sites, namely, cytokeratin 1 and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR). On endothelial cells (ECs), the three molecules form two closely associated bimolecular complexes of gC1qR/cytokeratin 1 and uPAR/cytokeratin 1. However, by virtue of its high affinity for HK, gC1qR plays a central role in the assembly of the kallikrein-kinin system, leading to the generation of bradykinin (BK). BK in turn is largely responsible for the vascular leakage and associated inflammation seen in angioedema patients. Therefore, blockade of gC1qR by inhibitory peptides or antibodies may not only prevent the generation of BK but also reduce C1q-induced or microbial-ligand-induced inflammatory responses. Employing synthetic peptides and gC1qR deletion mutants, we confirmed previously predicted sites for C1q (residues 75-96) and HK (residues 204-218) and identified additional sites for both C1q and HK (residues190-202), for C1q (residues 144-162), and for HIV-1 gp41 (residues 174-180). With the exception of residues 75-96, which is located in the αA coiled-coil N-terminal segment, most of the identified residues form part of the highly charged loops connecting the various β-strands in the crystal structure. Taken together, the data support the notion that gC1qR could serve as a novel molecular target for the design of antibody-based and/or peptide-based therapy to attenuate acute and/or chronic inflammation associated with vascular leakage and infection.
    Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 02/2013; 734:97-110. DOI:10.1007/978-1-4614-4118-2_6 · 1.96 Impact Factor

  • Immunobiology 11/2012; 217(11):1177. DOI:10.1016/j.imbio.2012.08.138 · 3.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: C1q modulates the differentiation and function of cells committed to the monocyte-derived dendritic cell (DC) lineage. Because the 2 C1q receptors found on the DC surface-gC1qR and cC1qR-lack a direct conduit into intracellular elements, we postulated that the receptors must form complexes with transmembrane partners. In the present study, we show that DC-SIGN, a C-type lectin expressed on DCs, binds directly to C1q, as assessed by ELISA, flow cytometry, and immunoprecipitation experiments. Surface plasmon resonance analysis revealed that the interaction was specific, and both intact C1q and the globular portion of C1q bound to DC-SIGN. Whereas IgG reduced this binding significantly, the Arg residues (162-163) of the C1q-A chain, which are thought to contribute to the C1q-IgG interaction, were not required for C1q binding to DC-SIGN. Binding was reduced significantly in the absence of Ca(2+) and by preincubation of DC-SIGN with mannan, suggesting that C1q binds to DC-SIGN at its principal Ca(2+)-binding pocket, which has increased affinity for mannose residues. Antigen-capture ELISA and immunofluorescence microscopy revealed that C1q and gC1qR associate with DC-SIGN on blood DC precursors and immature DCs. The results of the present study suggest that C1q/gC1qR may regulate DC differentiation and function through the DC-SIGN-mediated induction of cell-signaling pathways.
    Blood 06/2012; 120(6):1228-36. DOI:10.1182/blood-2011-07-369728 · 10.45 Impact Factor
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    Berhane Ghebrehiwet · Kinga K Hosszu · Alisa Valentino · Ellinor I B Peerschke ·
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    ABSTRACT: Research conducted over the past 20 years have helped us unravel not only the hidden structural and functional subtleties of human C1q, but also has catapulted the molecule from a mere recognition unit of the classical pathway to a well-recognized molecular sensor of damage-modified self or non-self antigens. Thus, C1q is involved in a rapidly expanding list of pathological disorders - including autoimmunity, trophoblast migration, preeclampsia, and cancer. The results of two recent reports are provided to underscore the critical role C1q plays in health and disease. First is the observation by Singh et al. (2011) showing that pregnant C1q-/- mice recapitulate the key features of human preeclampsia that correlate with increased fetal death. Treatment of the C1q-/- mice with pravastatin restored trophoblast invasiveness, placental blood flow, and angiogenic balance and, thus, prevented the onset of preeclampsia. Second is the report by Hong et al. (2009) which showed that C1q can induce apoptosis of prostate cancer cells by activating the tumor suppressor molecule WW-domain containing oxydoreductase (WWOX or WOX1) and destabilizing cell adhesion. Downregulation of C1q on the other hand, enhanced prostate hyperplasia and cancer formation due to failure of WOX1 activation. C1q belongs to a family of structurally and functionally related TNF-α-like family of proteins that may have arisen from a common ancestral gene. Therefore C1q not only shares the diverse functions with the tumor necrosis factor family of proteins, but also explains why C1q has retained some of its ancestral "cytokine-like" activities. This review is intended to highlight some of the structural and functional aspects of C1q by underscoring the growing list of its non-traditional functions.
    Frontiers in Immunology 04/2012; 3. DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2012.00052
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    ABSTRACT: The synthesis of the subunits of the C1 complex (C1q, C1s, C1r), and its regulator C1 inhibitor (C1-Inh) by human monocytes has been previously established. However, surface expression of these molecules by monocytes has not been shown. Using flow cytometry and antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we show here for the first time that, in addition to C1q, peripheral blood monocytes, and the monocyte-derived U937 cells express C1s and C1r, as well as Factor B and C1-Inh on their surface. C1s and C1r immunoprecipitated with C1q, suggesting that at least some of the C1q on these cells is part of the C1 complex. Furthermore, the C1 complex on U937 cells was able to trigger complement activation via the classical pathway. The presence of C1-Inh may ensure that an unwarranted autoactivation of the C1 complex does not take place. Since C1-Inh closely monitors the activation of the C1 complex in a sterile or infectious inflammatory environment, further elucidation of the role of C1 complex is crucial to dissect its function in monocyte, dendritic cell, and T cell activities, and its implications in host defense and tolerance.
    Frontiers in Immunology 03/2012; 3:38. DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2012.00038
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    ABSTRACT: The endothelial cell receptor complex for kininogen (HK) comprises gC1qR, cytokeratin 1, and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor and is essential for activation of the kinin system that leads to bradykinin (BK) generation. Of these, gC1qR/p33 constitutes a high affinity site for HK - the BK precursor - and is therefore critical for the assembly of the kinin-generating cascade. Previous studies have identified a putative HK site within the C-terminal domain (residues 204-218) of gC1qR recognized by mAb 74.5.2. In these studies, we used information from the crystal structure of gC1qR, to engineer several deletion (Δ) mutants and test their ability to bind and/or support BK generation. While deletion of residues 204-218 (gC1qRΔ204-218), showed significantly reduced binding to HK, BK generation was not affected when tested by a sensitive bradykinin immunoassay. In fact, all of the gC1qR deletion mutants supported BK generation with the exception of gC1qRΔ154-162 and a point mutation in which Trp 233 was substituted with Gly. Binding studies also identified the existence of two additional sites at residues 144-162 and 190-202. Moreover, binding of HK to a synthetic peptide 190-202 was inhibited by mAbs 48 and 83, but not by mAb 74.5.2. Since a single residue separates domains 190-202 and 204-218, they may be part of a highly stable HK binding pocket and therefore a potential target for drug design to prevent vascular permeability and inflammation.
    Frontiers in Immunology 11/2011; 2. DOI:10.3389/fimmu.2011.00058
  • Wayne L Chandler · Ellinor I B Peerschke · Donna D Castellone · Piet Meijer ·
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the accuracy and precision of von Willebrand disease (vWD) testing performed by up to 50 North American Specialty Coagulation Laboratories from 2004 through 2009, using proficiency samples from healthy subjects (n = 7) and patients with type 1 vWD (n = 7) or type 2 vWD (n = 3). We analyzed 2,212 submitted results. Precision was highest for von Willebrand factor (vWF) antigen assays (coefficient of variation, 14%), which were performed predominantly by latex immunoassays, and lowest for ristocetin cofactor assays (coefficient of variation, 28%), which were increasingly replaced by collagen binding and immunofunctional methods during the 6-year evaluation period. Overall interpretation error rates ranged from 3% for normal samples, 28% for type 1 vWD, and 60% for type 2 vWD. Type 2 vWD samples were correctly identified by all laboratories using collagen binding/antigen ratios but by only one third of laboratories using ristocetin cofactor/antigen or immunofunctional/antigen ratios. In 2009, only 27% (12/45) of laboratories performed vWF multimer analysis, with error rates ranging from 7% to 22%.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 06/2011; 135(6):862-9. DOI:10.1309/AJCPH5JK4ONENPAE · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    Francine R Dembitzer · Marlies R. Ledford Kraemer · Piet Meijer · Ellinor I B Peerschke ·
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    ABSTRACT: Lupus anticoagulant (LAC) testing is important for evaluating patients with antiphospholipid syndromes and hypercoagulable states. We reviewed results of proficiency testing challenges (n = 5) distributed by the North American Specialized Coagulation Laboratory Association to examine LAC testing performed by participating laboratories. The activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and dilute Russell viper venom time (dRVVT) constituted major testing methods. In screening studies, LAC-sensitive APTT methods were more sensitive to weak LAC than dRVVT-based methods but less specific. In confirmatory testing, dRVVT methods performed better, but performance was LAC-dependent. The highest false-negative confirmatory test results were obtained for the platelet neutralization procedure. Noncompliance with recommendations for LAC testing by the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis was high (8%-38%), with the majority of noncompliant laboratories failing to report results of mixing studies. These data provide new insights into LAC testing in North America and identify opportunities for standardization.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 11/2010; 134(5):764-73. DOI:10.1309/AJCP4SPPLG5XVIXF · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    Francine R Dembitzer · Yvelisse Suarez · Louis M Aledort · Ellinor I.B. Peerschke ·
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    ABSTRACT: APTT testing is integral to hemostasis testing. A prolonged result, however, can be difficult to interpret, depending on the APTT reagent's sensitivity to the lupus anticoagulant. This often generates additional laboratory testing for both factor deficiencies and the presence of a lupus anticoagulant, and in so doing, delays patient management. We have found it useful to provide APTT testing with both a lupus anticoagulant sensitive and insensitive reagent, to facilitate the rapid exclusion of significant factor deficiencies. The following case report illustrates the utility of this approach and provides a backdrop for necessary discussions between laboratories and clinicians regarding which APTT reagent best meets their clinical need for screening hemostasis testing.
    American Journal of Hematology 09/2010; 85(9):726. DOI:10.1002/ajh.21780 · 3.80 Impact Factor

  • Molecular Immunology 08/2010; 47(13):2228-2229. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2010.05.098 · 2.97 Impact Factor

  • Molecular Immunology 08/2010; 47(13):2223-2223. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2010.05.082 · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    Ellinor I B Peerschke · Biree Andemariam · Wei Yin · James B Bussel ·
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    ABSTRACT: The role of the complement system in immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is not well defined. We examined plasma from 79 patients with ITP, 50 healthy volunteers, and 25 patients with non-immune mediated thrombocytopenia, to investigate their complement activation/fixation capacity (CAC) on immobilized heterologous platelets. Enhanced CAC was found in 46 plasma samples (59%) from patients with ITP, but no samples from patients with non-immune mediated thrombocytopenia. Plasma from healthy volunteers was used for comparison. In patients with ITP, an enhanced plasma CAC was associated with a decreased circulating absolute immature platelet fraction (A-IPF) (<15 x 10(9)/l) (P = 0.027) and thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100 x 10(9)/l) (P = 0.024). The positive predictive value of an enhanced CAC for a low A-IPF was 93%, with a specificity of 77%. The specificity and positive predictive values increased to 100% when plasma CAC was defined strictly by enhanced C1q and/or C4d deposition on test platelets. Although no statistically significant correlation emerged between CAC and response to different pharmacological therapies, an enhanced response to splenectomy was noted (P < 0.063). Thus, complement fixation may contribute to the thrombocytopenia of ITP by enhancing clearance of opsonized platelets from the circulation, and/or directly damaging platelets and megakaryocytes.
    British Journal of Haematology 11/2009; 148(4):638-45. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07995.x · 4.71 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
485.47 Total Impact Points


  • 2012-2014
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      New York, New York, United States
    • Stony Brook University
      • Department of Medicine
      Stony Brook, NY, United States
  • 1997-2014
    • Weill Cornell Medical College
      • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2008-2011
    • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
      • Department of Pathology
      Borough of Manhattan, New York, United States
  • 2008-2009
    • Cornell University
      • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      Итак, New York, United States
  • 2001-2007
    • New York Presbyterian Hospital
      • Department of Pathology
      New York, New York, United States
    • University of Massachusetts Boston
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2006
    • Yale-New Haven Hospital
      • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States
    • Yale University
      • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States
  • 1987-2002
    • State University of New York
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 1984-1996
    • Stony Brook University Hospital
      스토니브룩, New York, United States
  • 1993
    • University of Oxford
      • Department of Biochemistry
      Oxford, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 1984-1986
    • SUNY Ulster
      Кингстон, New York, United States