L Mandalà

Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad Alta Specializzazione (ISMETT), Palermo, Sicily, Italy

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Publications (24)36.17 Total impact

  • Transplant International 06/2008; 21(5):502-4. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study presents our experience with the use of extended criteria donor (ECD) liver grafts. One hundred fifteen liver transplants were divided into 2 groups: standard (S) and nonstandard (NS). Fifty-eight patients in group S received a liver procured from an ideal donor, whereas 57 patients in group NS received an organ from an ECD. On the basis of the number of risk factors, patients were divided into 3 subgroups: the S group with 58 receiving a standard graft, the NS1 group with 44 receiving a graft with 1 or 2 risk factors, and the NS2 group with 13 receiving a graft with 3 to 4 risk factors. Patient survival was not different at 6, 12, and 24 months (P > 0.05), whereas graft survival was different (P = 0.0079). Both patient survival and graft survival were influenced by the cumulative number of risk factors. The univariate analysis of the donor risk factors detected hemodynamic factors as predictive of graft failure (P = 0.024) and death (P = 0.018). In the multivariate analysis, which was adjusted for recipient age and donor and recipient gender, hemodynamic risk factors and Model for End-Stage Liver. Disease score in the recipient were the only variables independently associated with graft failure (P = 0.006, P = 0.012, negatively). Finally, we observed a reduction of dropout from the list to 9% from 14.1% (P = 0.04) and of mortality on the list to 32.55% from 41.01% (P = 0.11). Critical use of ECD liver grafts allowed recipients in the waiting list to have a greater chance of being transplanted.
    Liver Transplantation 03/2008; 14(2):220-7. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to report our single-center experience with the use of basiliximab, in combination with a steroid and tacrolimus-based regimen in adult to adult living-related liver transplantation (ALRLT) and in deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT). Seventy-seven consecutive ALRLT recipients (group 1) and 244 DDLT recipients (group 2) were analyzed. All patients received 2 20-mg doses of basiliximab (days 0 and 4 after transplantation) followed by tacrolimus (0.15 mg/kg/d; 10-15 ng/mL target trough levels) and a dose regimen of steroids. Follow-up ranged from 4-1972 days after transplantation in group 1 and from 1-2741 days in group. In group 1, 89.32% of the patients remained rejection-free during follow-up, with an actuarial rejection-free probability of 93.51% within 3 months. Actuarial patient survival rate at 3 years was 84.49%. In group 2, 86.07% of the patients remained rejection-free during follow-up, with an actuarial rejection-free probability of 93.04% within 3 months. Actuarial patient survival rate at 3 years was 87.69%. We observed 14 cases of hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence in group 1 (prevalence of 26.92%) and 80 cases in group 2 (prevalence of 54.05%). Basiliximab in association with tacrolimus and steroids is effective in reducing episodes of acute cellular rejection (ACR) and increasing ACR-free survival after ALRLT and DDLT. No difference in patient and graft survival was found between group 1 and 2, nor was there any difference in the incidence of ACR between the 2 groups. However, less risk of HCV recurrence was present in the LRLT group.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2008; 40(6):1953-5. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    Haemophilia 12/2007; 13(6):767-9. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report our single center experience with the use of basiliximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody directed against the alpha chain of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor (CD25), in combination with a steroid- and tacrolimus-based regimen in adult to adult living-related liver transplantation (ALRLT). Sixty consecutive ALRLTs were analyzed. All patients received two 20-mg doses of basiliximab (days 0 and 4 after transplantation) followed by tacrolimus (0.15 mg/kg/day; 10-15 ng/mL target trough levels) and a dose regimen of steroids (starting with 20 mg iv, switched to po as soon as the patient was able to eat, and weaned off within 1-2 months). Follow-up ranged from 6 to 1699.4 days after transplantation (mean 517.5 days, SD +/- 413.4; median 424 days). Of the recipients, 95% remained rejection-free during follow-up, with an actuarial rejection-free probability of 96.61% within 3 months. Three patients had episodes of biopsy-proven acute cellular rejection (ACR). Actuarial patient and graft survival rates at 3 years were 82.09% and 75.61%. Six patients (10%) experienced sepsis. There was no evidence of cytomegalovirus infections or side-effects related to the basiliximab. We found zero de novo malignancy, although we observed 5 patients with metastatic spread of their primary malignancy during the follow-up. Basiliximab in association with tacrolimus and steroids is effective in reducing episodes of ACR and increasing ACR-free survival after ALRLT.
    Targets & therapy 04/2007; 1(1):69-73.
  • Digestive and Liver Disease - DIG LIVER DIS. 01/2007; 39(10).
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    ABSTRACT: The portal hyperperfusion, or small-for-size syndrome (SFSS), is a widely recognized clinical complication that may occur after segmental liver transplantation. Several surgical strategies have been proposed to reduce portal blood inflow and portal pressure after partial liver transplantation. In particular, splenic artery ligation and splenectomy have been used without a firm hemodynamic basis for these procedures. Our group recently demonstrated that, in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension, the occlusion of the splenic artery causes a significant reduction in the portal pressure gradient, which is directly related to the spleen volume and indirectly related to the liver volume. This concept is at the center of our strategy for performing early splenic artery embolization (SAE) for the treatment of SFSS after living-related liver transplantation (LRLT). Six patients developed small-for-size syndrome, defined as: onset within the first week after LRLT of progressive hyperbilirubinemia without mechanical cause; marked cholestasis; centrilobular sinusoidal dilatation and hepatocyte atrophy at liver biopsy; and refractory ascites in the absence of vascular complications. All six patients who underwent SAE rapidly improved their clinical condition, with an evident decrease in the value of bilirubin in the serum, in the production of ascites, and improvement in condition of pancytopenia. Coagulopathy expressed by the international normalized ratio value (INR) was not a reliable early marker of SFSS in this series; in fact a slight improvement in the result of this test was already present immediately after LRLT and before SAE. Because splenic flow clearly contributes to portal hyperperfusion, an early SAE can relieve the partial graft from the deleterious effect of this portal overflow.
    Clinical Transplantation 01/2007; 21(6):761-6. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this series of 32 adult-to-adult living related liver transplantations, we assessed the efficacy and safety of basiliximab in combination with a tacrolimus-based regimen. Basiliximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody directed against the alpha chain of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor (CD25), has been extensively evaluated as induction therapy for cadaveric liver transplant recipients. Thirty-two adult-to-adult living related liver transplantations were performed in the last 3 years. All patients received two 20 mg doses of basiliximab (days 0 and 4 posttransplantation) followed by tacrolimus (0.15 mg/kg/d; 10-15 ng/mL target trough levels) and steroids (starting with 20 mg IV switched to PO as soon as the patient was able to eat and weaned within 1-2 months). The average follow-up was 395 days after transplantation. Of the patients, 93.75% remained rejection-free during follow-up with an actuarial rejection-free probability of 92.59% within 3 months. Two patients (6%) had one episode of biopsy-proven acute cellular rejection (ACR). Actuarial patient and graft survival rates at 3 years were 86.85% and 81.25%. One patient (3%) experienced one episode of sepsis. There was no evidence of cytomegalovirus infections or side effects related to the basiliximab. We found zero de novo malignancy but we observed two patients with metastatic spread of their primary malignancy during the follow-up. Basiliximab in association with tacrolimus and steroids is effective as prophylaxis of ACR among adult living related liver transplant recipients.
    Transplantation Proceedings 06/2006; 38(4):1106-8. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) induces ipsilateral atrophy of the hepatic parenchyma to be resected, as well as contralateral compensatory hypertrophy of the residual liver. However, there are two potential problems with this technique: inadequate contralateral hypertrophy and tumor progression while waiting for the non-embolized liver to hypertrophy. We devised a strategy to deal with these two problems by performing an ipsilateral hepatic artery embolization 6 weeks after an unsatisfactory PVE in an effort to accelerate the hypertrophy of the remnant liver. Two patients with colorectal liver metastases underwent to this sequential preoperative treatment in order to achieve resectability of their metastatic disease. Both patients successfully underwent major hepatic resection. In our experience sequential ipsilateral portal vein and hepatic artery embolization extended the indications for liver resection for metastatic colorectal cancer.
    World Journal of Surgery 05/2006; 30(4):576-8. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We herein describe the clinical course of a consecutive series of fulminant hepatic failure patients treated with a molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS), a cell-free albumin dialysis technique. From November 2000 to September 2002, seven adult patients ages 22-61 (median, 41), one male (14.2%) and six females (85.7%), affected by fulminant hepatic failure underwent seven courses (one to five sessions each, 6 hr in duration) of extracorporeal support using the MARS technique. Pre- and posttreatment blood glucose, liver function tests, ammonia, arterial lactate, electrolytes, hemodynamic parameters, arterial blood gases, liver histology, Glasgow Coma Scale, and coagulation studies were reviewed. No adverse side effects such as generalized bleeding on noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, often seen during MARS treatment, occurred in the patients included in this study. Six patients (85.7%) are currently alive and well, and one (14.2%) died. Four patients (57%) were successfully bridged (two patients in 1 day and two other patients in 4 days) to liver transplantation, while two (5%) recovered fully without transplantation. All the measured variables stabilized after commencement of the MARS. No differences were noted between the pre- and the post-MARS histology. We conclude that the MARS is a safe, temporary life support mechanism for patients awaiting liver transplantation or recovering from fulminant hepatic failure.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 02/2006; 51(1):47-53. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has become an effective treatment for the complications of portal hypertension. We assessed the feasibility and outcome of TIPS in liver transplant recipients who developed delayed graft function (DGF) with portal hypertension. From June 2003 to June 2004, 80 cadaveric orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx) have been performed at our institution. Five patients (6.25%) developed DGF with hyperbilirubinemia and ascites with severe portal hypertension and were treated with TIPS placement (in the 6-month time period from the transplantation). There were no complications related to the procedure. No episodes of encephalopathy were seen. Four patients had better control of the ascites. In one case, we observed complete recovery of the transplanted liver with normalization of the liver function test. Three patients underwent retransplantation (within 7 days from the TIPS), whereas 1 is still on the list 6 months after TIPS placement with recurrent episodes of ascites. In our preliminary series, TIPS reduced dramatically the portosystemic gradient and improved clinical conditions. The results were negatively affected by the fact that the transplanted liver did not recover its function.
    Transplantation Proceedings 07/2005; 37(6):2626-8. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To eliminate mortality and morbidity risk in living related liver donors, we developed a new surgical technique to resect hepatic parenchyma using an ultrasonic surgical aspirator in association with a monopolar floating ball cautery. We performed 17 right hepatectomies and 2 left hepatectomies using this technique. We performed a retrospective analysis of perioperative mortality, length of hospitalization (LOS), blood transfused during surgery (IBT), intraoperative blood lost (IBL), biliary complications (BC), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) peak in the first postoperative week. This group of patients (Group A) was compared, using the analysis of variance (ANOVA) test (P < .05) with 2 different groups of 19 patients: Group B with liver neoplasms that had the same technique as Group A, and Group C wherein a crushing clamp technique was used. All of the analyzed variables showed significative statistical differences, especially between Group A and Group C (IBL, P < .000; IBT, P < .006; LOS, P < .028; BC, P < .000; AST peak, P < .041; and ALT peak, P < .023). The association of these 2 techniques seems to reduce the LOS, and the need for intraoperative blood transfusions. Moreover, the surgical complications (biliary leaks) and the postoperative parenchymal cytonecrosis seem to be less using this technique.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2005; 37(6):2589-91. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To expand the donor pool, clinicians are continually modifying criteria to accept organs, particularly those in the so-called expanded or marginal donor pool. The concept and definition of a marginal donors continues to evolve. The impact of their use is the result of a combination of donor and recipient factors. Most clinicians accept steatosis above 30%, donor age over 60 years, prolonged ischemia time, prolonged intensive care unit stay, hypernatremia, previous cardiac arrest, prolonged episodes of hypotension, large use of inotrope drugs, and elevated liver function tests as criteria for designation of a marginal organ. In June 2003, we started to use marginal donors each year tripling the number of transplants per year at our center.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2005; 37(6):2567-8. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Between July 2003 and November 2004 14 pediatric liver transplantations (LTx) have been performed in 12 children using cadaveric donors. The primary diseases were as follows biliary atresia in 9 cases, whereas the other 3 children were affected by cystic fibrosis, Langherans cells histiocytosis, and hepatoblastoma, respectively. Median patient waiting time was 103 days (range, 2-158); no patient died while on the waiting list. Patients who underwent transplantation included 7 boys and 5 girls, ranging in age from 6 months to 14 years (median age, 5 years). Recipient median weight was 16 kg (range, 6-38). Donor median age was 19 years (range, 3-47), whereas donor median weight was 74 kg (range, 15-90). All children who underwent primary LTx were United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) status 2B. Of the 12 transplanted patients, 9 received a left lateral segment (LLS) from an in situ split liver, whereas 3 received a whole graft. Two children developed an episode of acute cellular rejection on the seventh postoperative day, which was treated successfully with a course of intravenous steroids for 3 days. After a median follow-up of 245 days, 10 children are alive but 2 children died due to primary nonfunction (PNF) on the second postoperative day and septic shock on the fifth postoperative day after retransplantation for acute hepatic artery thrombosis, respectively. One child who underwent retransplantation for hepatic artery thrombosis on the 31st postoperative day after primary LTx is currently alive. Evaluation of our initial data suggests that the split liver technique has the potential to meet the needs of pediatric LTx allowing grafting early in the course of the original disease and reducing waiting time.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2005; 37(6):2597-8. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Basiliximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody (mAb) directed against the alpha chain of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor (CD25), has been extensively evaluated as induction therapy for kidney transplant recipients, more frequently in combination with a cyclosporine-based regimen. In this study, we assessed the efficacy and safety of basiliximab in combination with tacrolimus and steroids following liver transplantation. One hundred fifty-two liver transplant recipients (141 cadaveric donors and 11 living donors [LRLT]) in the last 4 years were treated with 2 20-mg doses of basiliximab (days 0 and 4 posttransplantation) followed by tacrolimus (0.15 mg/kg/d; 10-15 ng/mL target trough levels) and steroids (500 mg intravenous [IV] bolus at the reperfusion followed by 20 mg orally daily and weaning off in 1 or 2 months). Follow-up ranged from 104 to 1630 days after transplantation (mean, 665 days; SD +/- 442.65; median, 509 days). Eighty-five percent of patients remained rejection-free during follow-up with an actuarial rejection-free probability of 78% within 3 months. Nineteen patients had 22 episodes of biopsy-proven acute cellular rejection (ACR). Actuarial patient and graft survival rates at 3 years were 86.7% and 75.8%, respectively. Twenty-seven patients (20.6%) experienced 1 episode of sepsis, requiring temporary reduction of immunosuppressive therapy. There was no evidence of CMV infections or side effects related to basiliximab. We observed 2 de novo malignancies, 1 recurrence from an ileal carcinoid tumor and 1 pulmonary recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in 1 recipient of LRLT. Basiliximab in association with tacrolimus and steroids is effective prophylaxis of ACR in liver transplant recipients and does not increase the incidence of infections or adverse effects.
    Transplantation Proceedings 01/2005; 37(6):2611-3. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coagulopathy is a life-threatening complication of liver cirrhosis. We describe the effect of molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS), a cell-free dialysis technique, on the blood coagulation of cirrhotic patients. From February 2002 to July 2002, nine patients--five males (55.5%) and four females (44.4%), age 47-70 yr (median 56)--underwent 12 courses (4-7 sessions each) of MARS. Patients were treated for the following indications: six (66.6%) acute-on-chronic hepatic failure, three (33.3%) intractable pruritus. Platelet count, prothrombin time (PT), international standardized ratio and thromboelastography were measured before and after each MARS session. Coagulation factors II, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, von Willebrand, lupus anticoagulant, protein C, protein S, antithrombin III, plasminogen, alpha 2 antiplasmin, D-dimer, fibrin monomers, complement, and C(1) inactivator were measured before and at the end of each MARS treatment. We found a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) in the platelet count, PT, all the thromboelastograph variables (reaction and constant time, alpha angle, and maximal amplitude), factor VIII, von Willebrand, and D-dimer, when measured before and after MARS. Previous reports have shown amelioration of blood coagulation following MARS treatments. However, we document that MARS induces coagulopathy through a platelet-mediated mechanism, whereby platelet may be mechanically destroyed during the passage of blood through the filters and lines. An alternative postulated mechanism is an immune-mediated platelet disruption - coagulopathy.
    Clinical Transplantation 08/2004; 18(4):365-71. · 1.63 Impact Factor
  • Paediatric Liver Transplantation and Paediatric Intensive Care joint Meeting; 06/2004
  • M. Spada, L. Mandalà, A. Aluffi et al
    Paediatric Liver Transplantation and Paediatric Intensive Care joint Meeting; 06/2004
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    ABSTRACT: Many different surgical techniques have been described for hepatic parenchymal transection. A retrospective analysis of perioperative mortality, length of hospitalization and blood transfused during operation in two patient groups undergoing liver resection was carried out. In group A, we developed a new technique to resect hepatic parenchyma, using an ultrasonic surgical aspirator with monopolar floating ball cautery, while in group B the crushing clamp technique was used. In all, 42 patients with liver resection were enrolled in group A and 107 resections in group B. All patients had hepatic neoplasms except for seven living transplant donors. In group A 43% of resections involved >or=3 segments and 57% involved <or=2 segments; in group B 36.4% involved >or=3 segments and 63.6% consisted of <or=2 segments. Statistical analysis utilised independent T square (Pearson Q square) and Mann-Whitney U test. In group A 2.4% of patients died perioperatively, while 3.7% died in group B; mean length of stay (LOS) was 10.9 days in group B and 8.0 days in group A. The length of procedure was 7.5 h in group B and 6.7 h in group A. In group A, 79% did not undergo blood transfusion intraoperatively as opposed to 61% in group B. A mean of 0.5 U of blood was utilized in group A and 1.60 U in group B. The new method of parenchymal transection seems to reduce the LOS, length of procedure and need for intraoperative blood transfusion.
    HPB 01/2004; 6(2):106-9. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effect of MARS on serum electrolytes during liver failure. Twenty-three patients admitted to a quaternary health care facility from September 2000 to May 2002, 22 adults and 1 child, 11 males (48%) and 12 females (52%), age 15-70 (median 53), treated with MARS for: 12 acute-on-chronic liver failure (52%); 4 fulminant hepatic failure (17%); 3 intractable pruritus (13%); 2 primary-non-function (9%); 2 following major liver resection (9%). Sodium, potassium, chloride, phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium were measured in the serum, ultrafiltrate and albumin circuit before and after MARS. A comparison of electrolyte concentrations, before and after MARS, was performed using a paired t test. Serum electrolyte concentrations before and after MARS, while statistically significant in some cases, were very small, and of no clinical relevance. MARS exchanges potassium, chloride, calcium, and magnesium by ultrafiltration; sodium by the albumin dialysis.
    The International journal of artificial organs 11/2003; 26(10):918-23. · 1.76 Impact Factor