Xiongying Miao

The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Ch’ang-sha-shih, Hunan, China

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Publications (29)34.84 Total impact

  • The American surgeon 12/2014; 80(12). · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The differences in clinical, pathological, and biological characteristics between adenocarcinoma (AC) and squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinoma (SC/ASC) of the gallbladder have not been well documented. This study investigates the clinical and pathological associations of ATP5B and β2M with benign and malignant lesions of the gallbladder. In this study, ATP5B and β2M expression in 46 SC/ASCs and 80 ACs were examined using immunohistochemistry. The rate of ATP5B positive expression was significantly lower, while the rate of β2M expression was significantly higher, in AC and SC/ASC than in gallbladder adenomas, gallbladder polyps, or gallbladder epithelium with stone (P < 0.01). More SC/ASCs had larger tumor mass and good differentiation compared to ACs. Positive β2M and negative ATP5B expression were significantly associated with large tumor size, high TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, and invasion of SC/ASCs and ACs. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that positive β2M (P < 0.05 or P < 0.001) expression and negative ATP5B (P < 0.001) expression were significantly associated with decreased overall survival in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that negative ATP5B expression is an independent-prognostic factor for poor prognosis in both SC/ASC (P < 0.01) and AC (P < 0.001) patients. Positive β2M expression is an independent-prognostic factor for poor prognosis in AC (P < 0.05) patients. Our study suggested that positive β2M expression or loss of ATP5B expression in tumor tissues is closely related to the metastasis, invasion, and poor-prognosis of gallbladder cancer.
    Journal of molecular histology. 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the technique and effect of liver hanging maneuver in anterior approach for isolated complete liver caudate lobectomy.
    09/2014; 39(9):879-82.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims: Nanoparticles have been explored recently as an efficient delivery system for photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy. In this study, polyhematoporphyrin (C34H38N4NaO5,) was loaded into hollow silica nanoparticles (HSNP) by one-step wet chemical-based synthetic route. We evaluate the efficacy and safety of polyhematoporphyrin-loaded HSNP with hepatobiliary malignant cells and in vivo models. Methods: Human liver cancer, cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer cells were cultured with the HSNP and cellular viability was determined by MTT assay. Apoptotic and necrotic cells were measured by flow cytometry. Finally, we investigate its effect in vivo. Results: In MTT assay, the cell viability of QBC939, Huh-7, GBC-SD and HepG2 cells of the HSNP was 6.4+/-1.3%, 6.5+/-1.2%, 3.7+/-1.2% and 4.7+/-2.0%, respectively, which were significant different from that of free polyhematoporphyrin 62.4+/-4.7%, 62.5+/-6.0%, 33.4+/-6.5% and 44.3+/-1.9%. Flow cytometry demonstrated the laser-induced cell death with polyhematoporphyrin-loaded HSNP was much more severe. Similarly, in vivo results of each kind of cell revealed 14 days post-photoradiated, tumor sizes of the HSNP group were significantly smaller. Administration of the HSNP without illumination cannot cause killing effect both in vitro and in vivo experiments. Conclusions: HSNP is a desirable delivery system in photodynamic therapy for hepatobiliary malignacies, with improved aqueous solubility, stability and transport efficiency of photosensitizers.
    02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Despite its more than 100-year history in experimental and clinical use, photodynamic therapy (PDT) is only starting to be appreciated for its full potential. PDT combines a photosensitizer and light in the presence of oxygen to treat cancer and other disorders. This paper reviews the molecular mechanism of PDT at the cellular level as well as in therapeutic settings in vivo. The availability of multiple photosensitizers with different structures and functional properties makes PDT an extremely versatile and, conversely, a challenging approach to cancer therapy. The advancing understanding of molecular pathways helps to design improved regimens. As most cancers are being treated with combined therapies, PDT is being integrated into rationally designed regimens that exploit molecular responses to PDT for improved efficacy.
    Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 01/2014; 39(1):102-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a rare, but highly aggressive cancer. The most common type of gallbladder cancer is adenocarcinoma (AC), while squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinoma (SC/ASC) is a rare type of gallbladder cancer. The clinicopathologic and biological characteristics of SC/ASC have not been well documented. In this study, the protein expression of N-cadherin and P-cadherin in 46 SC/ASCs and 80 ACs was measured using immunohistochemistry. We demonstrated that positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression were significantly associated with large tumor size, invasion, and lymph node metastasis of both SC/ASC and AC. In contrast, positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression were significantly associated with differentiation and TNM stage in only AC. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression, differentiation, tumor size, TNM stage, invasion, lymph node metastasis, and surgical curability were significantly associated with overall survival in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression are independent poor-prognostic factors in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Our study suggested that positive N-cadherin and P-cadherin expression closely correlated with clinicopathological biological behaviors, and poor-prognosis of gallbladder cancer.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 01/2014; · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    Li Xiong, Yu Wen, Xiongying Miao, Zhulin Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Epithelial-mesenchymal transitions (EMTs) are essential manifestations of epithelial cell plasticity during tumor progression. Transforming growth factor-β(TGF-β) modulates epithelial plasticity in tumor physiological contexts by inducing EMT, which is associated with the altered expression of genes. In the present study, we used DNA micro-array analysis to search for differentially expressed genes in the TGF-β1 induced gallbladder carcinoma cell line (GBC-SD cells), as compared with normal GBC-SD cells. We identified 225 differentially expressed genes, including 144 that were over-expressed and 81 that were under-expressed in the TGF-β1 induced GBC-SD cells. NT5E (CD73) is the most increased gene, while the Fc fragment of the IgG binding protein (FcGBP) is the most decreased gene. The expression patterns of these two genes in gallbladder adenocarcinoma and chronic cholecystitis tissue were consistent with the micro-array data. Immunochemistry and clinicopathological results showed that the expression of NT5E and FcGBP in gallbladder adenocarcinoma is an independent marker for evaluation of the disease progression, clinical biological behaviors and prognosis. The data from the current study indicate that differential NT5E and FcGBP expressions could be further evaluated as biomarkers for predicting survival of patients with gallbladder cancer and that NT5E and FcGBP could be promising targets in the control of gallbladder cancer progression.
    Cell and Tissue Research 12/2013; · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nanoparticles have been explored recently as an efficient means to deliver photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy. However, it is largely unknown if polyhematoporphyrin (C34H38N4NaO5, Photosan-II, PS) or other photosensitizers can be efficiently delivered by hollow silica nanoparticles (HSNP). Polyhematoporphyrin (C34H38N4NaO5, Photosan-II, PS) was loaded into hollow silica nanoparticles (HSNP) by one-step wet chemical-based synthetic route. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and polydispersive index (PDI) were used for measurement of the particles size and size distribution. Transmission electron microscope and scanning electron microscopy were used for the microstructure, morphological and chemical composition analysis. Fourier transform infrared spectrometry spectra and fluorescence emission spectrum were obtained. The photobiological activity of the PS-loaded HSNP was evaluated on human cholangiocarcinoma QBC939 cells. The cellular viability was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptotic and necrotic cells were measured by flow cytometry. DLS measurements showed that the size of the particles is in the range of 25-90nm. PDI of the PS-loaded HSNP is 0.121±0.01, indicating that samples have excellent quality with narrow size distribution to monomodal systems. In MTT assay, PS-loaded HSNP and free PS of the same concentration killed about 95.3%±2.0% and 55.7%±1.9% of QBC939 cells, respectively. The flow cytometry demonstrated that the laser induced cell death with PS-loaded HSNP was much more severe than that of free PS (P<0.05). Photosan-II-loaded hollow silica nanoparticles not only can quickly deliver Photosan-II into cells but also can reach a more high concentration than free Photosan-II. HSNP is a desirable vehicle and the release system that shows promises for photodynamic therapy use, which not only improve the aqueous solubility, stability and transport efficiency of PS, but also increase its photodynamic efficacy compared to free PS.
    Photodiagnosis and photodynamic therapy 12/2013; 10(4):460-469.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Neurotrophic factors such as brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are synthesized in a variety of neural and non-neuronal cell types and regulate survival, proliferation and apoptosis. In addition, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) inhibit the proliferation of pulmonary large carcinoma cells bone morphogenetic protein receptor, type IA (BMPR1A). Little is known about the expression of BDNF or BMPR1A in malignant gall bladder lesions. This study was to evaluate BDNF and BMPR1A expression and evaluate the clinicopathological significance in benign and malignant lesions of the gallbladder. METHODS: The BDNF and BMPR1A expression of gallbladder adenocarcinoma, peritumoral tissues, adenoma, polyp and chronic cholecystitis were Immunohistochemically determined. RESULTS: BDNF expression was significantly higher in gallbladder adenocarcinoma than in peritumoral tissues, adenoma, polyps and chronic cholecystitis samples. However, BMPR1A expression was significantly lower in gallbladder adenocarcinoma than in peritumoral tissues, adenomas, polyps and chronic cholecystitis tissues. The specimens with increased expression of BDNF in the benign lesions exhibited moderate- or severe-dysplasia of gallbladder epithelium. BDNF expression was significantly lower in well-differentiated adenocarcinomas with maximum tumor diameter <2 cm, no metastasis to lymph nodes, and no invasion of regional tissues compared to poorly-differentiated adenocarcinomas with maximal tumor diameter >2 cm, metastasis of lymph node, and invasiveness of regional tissues in gallbladder adenocarcinoma. BMPR1A expression were significantly higher in the well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with maximal tumor diameter <2 cm, no metastasis of lymph node, and no invasion of regional tissues compared to poorly-differentiated adenocarcinomas with maximal tumor diameter >2 cm, metastasis of lymph node, and invasiveness of regional tissues in gallbladder. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated increased expression of BDNF or decreased expression of BMPR1A was associated with decreased disease specific survival (DSS) rates. Similarly, multivariate Cox regression analysis showed increased expression of BDNF or decreased expression of BMPR1A are independent predictors of poor DSS rates in gallbladder adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: In gallbladder malignancies, the increased expression of BDNF and decreased expression of BMPR1A were associated with increased risk of metastasis, regional invasion and mortality. They might serve as novel indicators of gallbladder adenocarcinoma outcomes, which may prove valuable for the development of personalized therapeutic paradigms.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 03/2013; 11(1):80. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: An increasing number of studies have shown that PUMA and C-myb signaling pathways are involved in various human cancers including colon carcinomas. However, few studies have examined gallbladder cancer specimens, and little is known about the clinical and pathological significance signaling changes may have in gallbladder adenocarcinoma. This study has investigated the expression of PUMA and C-myb in benign and malignant lesions of gallbladder and its pathological significance. METHODS: Tissue specimens from 108 gallbladder adenocarcinoma patients, 46 adjacent tissues, 15 cases of adenomatous polyps, and 35 surgical specimens from chronic cholecystitis patients were routinely paraffin embedded and sectioned. PUMA and C-myb expressions were detected with EnVision immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Positive rates of PUMA and C-myb are significantly higher in gallbladder adenocarcinoma tissues than that in the other three (P < 0.01). Gallbladder epithelial cells in PUMA and/or C-myb positive benign cases manifest moderate to severe atypical dysplasia. Positive rates of PUMA and C-myb in well-differentiated tumors with maximum diameter of <2 cm and with no lymph node metastasis and invasion of the surrounding tissues are significantly lower than that in those poorly differentiated cases with maximum diameter of ≥2 cm, lymph node metastasis, and invasion of the surrounding tissues (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The postoperative survival of patients whose tumor specimens are positive for PUMA and C-myb is significantly shorter than that of those who are negative for both markers (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Our results have demonstrated that PUMA and C-myb positive gallbladder tumors progress rapidly, are prone to metastasis, possess strong invasive ability, and have poor prognosis.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 03/2013; · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extraction of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLP) was optimized by response surface method (RSM). By running the optimization program with design expert within the experimental range investigated, the following optimum values were obtained: extraction time 230min; extraction temperature 95°C, and extraction number 5. The predicted polysaccharides production was 1.45%. Results showed that GLP significantly reduced the levels of serum IL-6 and TNF-α levels and increased the levels of serum IL-2, IL-4 and IL-10 in GLP-treated rats compared to gastric cancer model rats. In addition, administration of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides to GLP-treated group of rats improved the levels of serum and gastric tissue SOD, CAT and GSH-Px towards the control values in a dose-dependent manner. These findings show that GLP can enhance immunity and antioxidant activities in gastric cancer rats.
    International journal of biological macromolecules 01/2013; · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cofilin-1 (CFL1) and Arp3 expression in 46 squamous cell and adenosquamous carcinomas (SC/ASCs) and 80 adenocarcinomas (ACs) were measured by using immunohistochemistry. Positive CFL1 and Arp3 expression were significantly associated with large tumor size, high TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, and decreased overall survival in both SC/ASC and AC patients (p < .001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive CFL1 and Arp3 expression are independent poor-prognostic factors for both SC/ASC and AC patients. Our study suggested that positive CFL1 and Arp3 expression are closely related to tumor progression, metastasis, and poor prognosis of gallbladder cancer.
    Cancer Investigation 01/2013; · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinicopathological and biological characteristics of squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinoma (SC/ASC) of gallbladder have not been well documented because it is a rare subtype of gallbladder cancer. In this study, the protein expression of Nectin-2 and DDX3 in 46 SC/ASCs and 80 adenocarcinomas was measured using immunohistochemistry. We demonstrated that positive Nectin-2 and DDX3 expression was significantly associated with large tumor size, high TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis of SC/ASC and AC. Positive Nectin-2 and DDX3 expression was significantly associated with invasion and surgical curability of AC. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that positive Nectin-2 and DDX3 expression, degree of differentiation, tumor size, TNM stage, invasion, lymph node metastasis, and surgical curability were significantly associated with post-operative survival in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive Nectin-2 and DDX3 expression, degree of differentiation, tumor size, TNM stage, invasion, lymph node metastasis, and no surgical curability are independent poor-prognostic factors in both SC/ASC and AC patients. Our study suggested that positive Nectin-2 and DDx3 expression is closely correlated with clinical, pathological, and biological behaviors as well as poor-prognosis of gallbladder cancer.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2013; 6(2):179-190. · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study is to explore the optimal extraction parameters and liver protective effect of the polygonatum polysaccharides in vivo. The order of factor effects on polysaccharides production was found to be Extraction time (min, A)>Ratio of solvent to solid (C)>Extraction temperature (°C, B)>Extraction number (D). The results show that the effects of Extraction time (min, A) and Ratio of solvent to solid (C) were more significant than those of the other factors. Optimal extraction parameters were as followings: extraction time 120min, extraction temperature 100°C, ratio of solvent to solid 5, and extraction number 4. Polygonatum polysaccharides was administered orally at doses of 150, 300 and 450mg/(kg day) to carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-treated rats. Results showed that administration of polygonatum polysaccharides could increase rats' final body weight, liver antioxidant enzymes activities (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and glutathione reductase (GR)), decrease serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities and liver malondialdehyde (MDA) level. The liver sections obtained from animals supplemented with polygonatum polysaccharides extract demonstrated reduced pathological damages, supporting that polygonatum polysaccharides extract could effectively decrease the toxicity of CCl(4). It can be concluded that polygonatum polysaccharides treatment may prevent CCl(4)-induced liver oxidative injury in experimental rats.
    International journal of biological macromolecules 12/2012; · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adhesion regulating molecule 1 (ADRM1), a 19S proteasome cap-associated protein, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), a protein transcription factor controlling DNA transcription, may play an important role in tumorigenesis. Overexpression of ADRM1 and activation of NF-κB are well-observed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, little is known about whether both are functionally connected during hepatocarcinogenesis, and the mechanisms involved. In this study, using laboratory techniques including short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown, immunohistochemistry (IHC), both semi-quantitative and real-time RT-PCR, western blotting, MTT assay, transwell assay, flow cytometry and electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA), the expression of ADRM1, the effects of ADRM1 knockdown on NF-κB activity, as well as the biological behavior of HCC cells including proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis were investigated in the samples from HCC patients and HCC cell lines. We found that both mRNA and protein levels of ADRM1 were increased in HCC tissues and that this increase in ADRM1 expression was parallel to the metastatic potential of HCC cell lines. After ADRM1 knockdown in MHCC97-H cells, the expression of IκB-α was increased and the NF-κB activity was reduced. Furthermore, ADRM1 knockdown inhibited MHCC97-H cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, and the migration and invasion of MHCC97-H cells were significantly repressed. These results indicate that there is a clear functional connection between ADRM1 and NF-κB in hepatocarcinogenesis, despite the precise mechanisms through which the two work together still being unknown.
    Oncology Reports 07/2012; 28(1):283-90. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate CD9 and HMGA2 expression and its clinicopathological significance in benign and malignant lesion tissues of the gallbladder. The resected specimens of 108 cases of gallbladder adenocarcinoma, 46 cases of adjacent tissue, 15 cases of polyps and 35 cases of chronic cholecystitis were made into conventional paraffin-embedded sections, using the method of EnVision immunohistochemistry to stain HMGA2 and CD9. HMGA2 expression of gallbladder adenocarcinoma was significantly higher than that of adenocarcinoma adjacent tissues (= 16.13, P <0.01), polyps (= 8.19, P <0.01) and chronic cholecystitis (= 21.41, P <0.01); but CD9 expression was the opposite (P <0.05 or P <0.01). The positive rate of HMGA2 expression from the cases that had well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, with the largest tumor diameter <2 cm, and without lymph node metastasis, and that did not invade the surrounding tissue was significantly lower than that of HMGA2 expression from the cases that had poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, with the largest tumor diameter ≥2 cm, lymph node metastasis, and that invaded the surrounding tissues (P <0.05 or P <0.01). The positive rate of CD9 expression from the cases that had well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, with the largest tumor diameter <2 cm, and without lymph node metastasis, and that did not invade the surrounding tissue was significantly higher than that of CD9 expression from the cases that had poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, with the largest tumor diameter ≥2 cm, lymph node metastasis, and which invaded the surrounding tissues (P <0.05 or P <0.01). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that after surgery, the survival period of HMGA2 expression-positive cases was significantly lower than that of HMGA2 expression- negative cases (P = 0.020), but the survival period of CD9 expression-positive cases was significantly higher than that of cases with CD9 expression-negative (P = 0.019). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that the HMGA2 positive expression and/or CD9 negative expression was an important indicator reflecting the poor prognosis of gallbladder cancer. The expression of HMGA2 and/or CD9 might be closely related to the carcinogenesis, clinical biological behaviors and prognosis of gallbladder adenocarcinoma.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 05/2012; 10:92. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic splenectomy and to investigate the learning curve of laparoscopic splenectomy. Forty cases of laparoscopic splenectomy (performed by W.Y. between September 2008 and August 2010) in our general surgery department were reviewed, and the cases were divided equally into 4 groups (group I, II, III, IV) according the time sequence of the operations. The operating time, blood loss, conversion to open surgery, conversion to hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative liquid diet recovery time, intra- and postoperative complications and the operative frequency were compared. There were no statistical differences among the groups in age and gender (P>0.05). The operating time, blood loss and postoperative hospital stay of groups III and IV were significantly less than those of groups I and II (P<0 .05). Postoperative liquid diet recovery time appear to show a gradual shortening trend from Group I to Group IV, but the differences were not at standard statistical thresholds (P>0.05). Frequency of conversion to open surgery, of conversion to hand-assisted laparoscopic splenectomy, of complications among the four groups were also not statistically different (P>0.05). The operative frequency of group I-IV increased from 1.25/month to 2.5/month. The learning curve of laparoscopic splenectomy for surgeon who was experienced in open splenectomy and laparoscope cholecystectomy is approximately 20 cases, and the operative frequency is about 1.33/month.
    Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 05/2012; 37(5):517-20.
  • Li Xiong, Yu Wen, Xiongying Miao, Zhulin Yang
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    ABSTRACT: Cell junction regulatory proteins such as claudin-1, occludin, E-cadherin and snail play an important role in modulation of human cancer development. This study assessed the association of the expression of these proteins in lesions of gallbladder with clinicopathologic data. Tissue sections from adenocarcinoma, peritumoral tissues, adenomatous polyp and chronic cholecystitis were immunohistochemically analyzed for expression of claudin-1, occludin, E-cadherin and snail proteins. Expression of claudin-1, occludin and E-cadherin was significantly lower in adenocarcinoma than in peritumoral tissues, adenomatous polyp or chronic cholecystitis. Expression of snail was significantly higher in adenocarcinoma than in peritumoral tissues, adenomatous polyp or chronic cholecystitis. Furthermore, expression of claudin-1, occludin and E-cadherin was significantly higher in well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, defined by a maximal tumor size < 2 cm with neither lymph node metastasis nor invasion to the regional tissues, than those in poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with a maximal tumor size ≥ 2 cm, lymph node metastasis and such invasion. Expression of snail was in reverse association. Patients with expression of claudin-1, occludin-1 and E-cadherin survived longer than the patients without these proteins, but patients with snail expression died earlier than those who did not. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed the characteristics of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (tumor size ≥ 2 cm, lymph node metastasis and tumor invasion to the regional tissues) were poor-prognostic factors negatively correlated with postoperative survival. Expression of claudin-1, occludin-1 and E-cadherin were favorable-prognostic factors. Snail expression, which was a poor-prognostic factor, was negatively correlated with postoperative survival.
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 11/2011; 342(5):388-94. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article is intended to make a study on the expressive levels of mucin core proteins (MUC1 and MUC5AC) and detect their clinicopathologic significances in the benign and malignant lesions of gallbladder. EnVision immunohistochemical method for determining the expressions of MUC1 and MUC5AC was used in routinely paraffin-embedded sections of surgically resected specimens from gallbladder adenocarcinoma (n = 108), peritumoral tissues (n = 46), adenoma (n = 15), and chronic cholecystitis (n = 35). The positive rate of MUC1 expression was significantly higher in gallbladder adenocarcinoma than that in peritumoral tissues (χ(2)  = 16.49, P < 0.01), adenoma (χ(2)  = 7.40, P < 0.01), and chronic cholecystitis (χ(2)  = 28.57, P < 0.01), while the positive rate of MUC5AC expression was significantly lower in gallbladder adenocarcinoma than that in peritumoral tissues (χ(2)  = 12.83, P < 0.01), adenoma (χ(2)  = 4.22, P < 0.05), and chronic cholecystitis (χ(2)  = 20.25, P < 0.01). The positive cases of MUC1 and the negative ones of MUC5AC in the benign lesions showed moderate- or severe-dysplasia of gallbladder epithelium. The positive rates of MUC1 were significantly lower in gallbladder adenocarcinomas with maximal diameter of mass <2 cm, no metastasis of lymph node, and no invasiveness of regional tissues (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) than those in gallbladder adenocarcinomas with maximal diameter of mass >2 cm, metastasis of lymph node, and invasiveness of regional tissues (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). However, the positive rates of MUC5AC were significantly higher in the highly differentiated adenocarcinoma with maximal diameter of mass <2 cm than those in the low-differentiated adenocarcinoma with maximal diameter of mass ≥2 cm. Univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that increased expression of MUC1 (P = 0.064) or decreased expression of MUC5AC (P = 0.017) was associated with decreased overall survival. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that decreased expression of MUC5AC (P = 0.008) was an independent prognostic predictor to gallbladder adenocarcinoma. The expression of MUC1 and MUC5AC might be closely related to the carcinogenesis, clinical biological behaviors, and prognosis of gallbladder adenocarcinoma.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 08/2011; 105(1):97-103. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CD24, a small cell surface protein, has emerged as a novel oncogene and prognostic factor for poor outcomes in many human cancers. However, the association of CD24 expression pattern in gallbladder carcinoma with patients' survival has not been reported. To shed light on this problem, we performed an analysis on the relationship between CD24 expression and prognostic parameters in gallbladder carcinoma. CD24 expression was examined immunohistochemically on paraffin-embedded tissue specimens from 207 patients who underwent surgical treatment for gallbladder carcinoma in the period between January 2004 and May 2009. CD24 positive expression was found in 78.7% (163/207) of the tumor samples. It tended to be associated positively with tumor histological grades and pT stages. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that CD24 positive expression was significantly related to decreased overall survival (p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis, including CD24 expression, pT stage, tumor grade, and resection margin involvement, showed that CD24 positive expression was an independent prognostic marker in gallbladder carcinoma (p = 0.02; relative risk = 1.6). Our data demonstrate for the first time that CD24 is an important marker of malignancy and poor prognosis in gallbladder carcinoma. Its detection combined with cancerous staging may increase the ability of investigators to predict the prognosis of patients with gallbladder carcinoma. Furthermore, the CD24 antigen represents an attractive target for specific therapies with monoclonal antibodies in patients with CD24-overexpressing gallbladder carcinoma, so the detection of CD24 may help clinicians select patients likely to benefit from novel molecular therapies.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 03/2011; 17(1):45-50. · 1.56 Impact Factor