[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The goal was to determine how often common laboratory tests yield normal results at the time of diagnosis for children with inflammatory bowel disease.
Data were obtained from a registry of children with newly diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease who were enrolled prospectively in 18 US/Canadian centers. Laboratory values investigated included hemoglobin level, platelet count, albumin level, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Disease severity was categorized by physician global assessment.
A total of 526 children (mean age: 11.6 years; 58% male; 392 with Crohn disease and 134 with ulcerative colitis) were studied. All 4 values were normal for 21% of patients with mild Crohn disease and 54% with mild ulcerative colitis. In contrast, only 3.8% of children with moderate/severe Crohn disease and 4.3% with moderate/severe ulcerative colitis had normal results for all 4 tests. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was least likely to be normal; overall, 26% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease had a normal erythrocyte sedimentation rate, including 18% with moderate/severe disease. Hemoglobin levels were normal for 32%, platelet counts for 50%, and albumin levels for 60%. There was no clear association between Crohn disease location and either severity or number of normal laboratory values. In contrast, there were direct correlations between ulcerative colitis disease severity and both the extent of bowel inflammation and the number of abnormal laboratory tests.
The presence of normal screening laboratory studies should not dissuade clinicians from considering a diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcome after corticosteroid therapy in children who are newly diagnosed with ulcerative colitis (UC).
Data were gathered prospectively from the Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Collaborative Research Group Registry database between January 2002 and March 2005. All children who were newly diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease younger than the age of 16 years were managed according to the dictates of their respective physicians. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected at diagnosis, at 30 days, and then quarterly. Patients were classified as corticosteroid responsive, corticosteroid dependent, or refractory, and outcomes were determined at 3 months and at 1 year.
Ninety-seven patients had a diagnosis of UC and a minimum of 1 year of follow-up evaluation; 77 (79%) received corticosteroids (62 within 30 days of diagnosis [early] and 15 between 31 days and 6 months [late]). At diagnosis, 81% of corticosteroid-treated patients (age, 11.3 +/- 3.5 y) had moderate/severe disease, and 81% had pancolitis. For those treated early with corticosteroids, disease activity at 3 months was inactive in 60%, mild in 27%, and moderate/severe in 11%. At 1 year, 31 of 62 (50%) of the early corticosteroid-treated patients were considered corticosteroid responsive and 28 (45%) were corticosteroid dependent. A total of 4 patients receiving corticosteroids (5%) required colectomy in the first year. Immunomodulators were used in 61% of all corticosteroid-treated patients.
Although short-term clinical response to corticosteroids in children with newly diagnosed UC is excellent, even with the common use of immunomodulators corticosteroid dependence is seen in 45% of patients.
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 10/2006; 4(9):1118-23. · 6.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is of increasing importance in the evaluation of new therapies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Available data concerning HRQOL in pediatric patients are sparse and uniformly cross-sectional. The aim of this study was to describe HRQOL and influential factors in newly diagnosed pediatric patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis during the first 12 months after diagnosis.
Participants were drawn from a large, prospectively derived observational IBD registry of pediatric patients studied through 18 U.S. and Canadian centers. Patients who had completed a baseline IMPACT questionnaire and for whom there were 12 months of follow-up data available were included. In addition to description of cohort, factors that were believed to influence HLQOL were assessed during the course of the year from diagnosis.
Two hundred eighteen children met inclusion criteria (77% Crohn's disease, 23 % ulcerative colitis, mean age 12.7 +/- 1.9 years). Mean total IMPACT score at baseline was 154, 181 at 6 months, and 191 at 1 year (possible range 0-238, with increasing scores representing better quality of life). Repeated measures analysis showed that age and disease severity significantly negatively affected the IMPACT scores during the course of the year.
In this large prospective pediatric IBD cohort, significant improvement in HRQOL is noted during the year from diagnosis. Mean IMPACT scores varied significantly depending on the disease severity and also decreased with increasing age.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to describe 3-month and 1-year outcomes of children with Crohn's disease (CD) treated with corticosteroids within 30 days of diagnosis, with particular emphasis on the influence of infliximab on these outcomes. We also aimed to determine whether there are clinical or laboratory characteristics associated with corticosteroid therapy outcomes.
Data from 109 children were drawn from a multicenter observational registry that was started in 2002. Clinical characteristics and data on corticosteroid and other therapies were recorded prospectively. Corticosteroid therapy outcomes at 3 months were defined as complete acute response, partial response, or corticosteroid resistance. At 1 year, corticosteroid responsiveness, dependence, and surgical rates were determined. Infliximab's influence on short- and long-term outcomes also was investigated.
At 3 months, 65 of 109 (60%) patients had a complete acute response to corticosteroids, 26 (24%) had a partial response, and 18 (17%) were corticosteroid resistant. At 1 year, 61% were corticosteroid responsive, 31% were corticosteroid dependent, and 8% required surgery. Irrespective of the duration of corticosteroid treatment, 16 of 24 of corticosteroid-dependent/resistant patients rapidly discontinued corticosteroids after starting infliximab. No clinical or laboratory characteristics at diagnosis predicted short-term outcome. Growth impairment at diagnosis increased risk for corticosteroid dependence or surgery at 1 year.
At 3 months, 84% of children had a complete or partial response to corticosteroids. However, despite concomitant immunomodulators, at 1 year 31% were corticosteroid dependent and 8% required surgery. Infliximab improves outcomes of corticosteroid-dependent/resistant patients because the duration of corticosteroid use can be controlled by initiating treatment with infliximab.
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 09/2006; 4(9):1124-9. · 6.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Longitudinal assessment of disease activity is necessary for studies of therapeutic intervention in children with Crohn disease. The Pediatric Crohn Disease Activity Index (PCDAI) was developed a decade ago for such a purpose, but it function has only been examined in a small number of studies with a limited number of patients. The primary objectives of the present study were to develop cut scores reflecting disease activity as determined by physician global assessment (PGA) and to evaluate the responsiveness of the PCDAI to changes in patient condition after therapeutic interventions.
Data were derived from a prospective database of newly diagnosed children with inflammatory bowel disease established in 2002 at 18 pediatric gastroenterology centers in the United States and Canada. At diagnosis, at 30 days and 3 months after diagnosis, and quarterly thereafter, children (<16 years of age) with Crohn disease had disease assessment performed by PGA and PCDAI. Disease management was provided according to the dictates of the attending gastroenterologist and not by predetermined protocol.
181 patients had concomitant PGA and PCDAI performed at diagnosis, and 95 of these had similar assessment at short-term follow up. Mean +/- SD PCDAI scores for mild, moderate, and severe disease by PGA at diagnosis were 19.5 +/- 10.4, 32.2 +/- 12.7, and 47.8 +/- 14.9, respectively (P < 0.001 for all comparisons). Mean +/- SD PCDAI for inactive disease after treatment was 5.2 +/- 5.4. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis suggested that: 1) activity of moderate/severe disease was best reflected by a PCDAI of > or = 30 points, 2) clinical response (moderate/severe disease improving to mild/inactive) was best reflected by a decrease in PCDAI of > or = 12.5 points, and 3) a PCDAI < 10 best reflected inactive disease.
PCDAI scores accurately reflect disease activity as assessed by physician global assessment. A PCDAI score of > or = 30 has acceptable sensitivity and specificity to indicate disease of moderate/severe activity. A PCDAI decrease of 12.5 points or greater following therapeutic intervention accurately reflects a clinically significant response. The PCDAI is an appropriate tool for intervention trials in Crohn disease in children.
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 10/2005; 41(4):416-21. · 2.20 Impact Factor