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Publications (5)33.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We show here that the apposition of plasma membrane caveolae and mitochondria (first noted in electron micrographs >50 yr ago) and caveolae-mitochondria interaction regulates adaptation to cellular stress by modulating the structure and function of mitochondria. In C57Bl/6 mice engineered to overexpress caveolin specifically in cardiac myocytes (Cav-3 OE), localization of caveolin to mitochondria increases membrane rigidity (4.2%; P<0.05), tolerance to calcium, and respiratory function (72% increase in state 3 and 23% increase in complex IV activity; P<0.05), while reducing stress-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (by 20% in cellular superoxide and 41 and 28% in mitochondrial superoxide under states 4 and 3, respectively; P<0.05) in Cav-3 OE vs. TGneg. By contrast, mitochondrial function is abnormal in caveolin-knockout mice and Caenorhabditis elegans with null mutations in caveolin (60% increase free radical in Cav-2 C. elegans mutants; P<0.05). In human colon cancer cells, mitochondria with increased caveolin have a 30% decrease in apoptotic stress (P<0.05), but cells with disrupted mitochondria-caveolin interaction have a 30% increase in stress response (P<0.05). Targeted gene transfer of caveolin to mitochondria in C57Bl/6 mice increases cardiac mitochondria tolerance to calcium, enhances respiratory function (increases of 90% state 4, 220% state 3, 88% complex IV activity; P<0.05), and decreases (by 33%) cardiac damage (P<0.05). Physical association and apparently the transfer of caveolin between caveolae and mitochondria is thus a conserved cellular response that confers protection from cellular damage in a variety of tissues and settings.-Fridolfsson, H. N., Kawaraguchi, Y., Ali, S. S., Panneerselvam, M., Niesman, I. R., Finley, J. C., Kellerhals, S. E., Migita, M. Y., Okada, H., Moreno, A. L., Jennings, M., Kidd, M. W., Bonds, J. A., Balijepalli, R. C., Ross, R. S., Patel, P. M., Miyanohara, A., Chen, Q., Lesnefsky, E. J., Head, B. P., Roth, D. M., Insel, P. A., Patel, H. H. Mitochondria-localized caveolin in adaptation to cellular stress and injury.
    The FASEB Journal 08/2012; · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Decoy receptors bind with TNF related apoptosis inducing ligands (TRAIL) but do not contain the cytoplasmic domains necessary to transduce apoptotic signals. We hypothesized that decoy receptors may confer neuronal protection against lethal ischemia after ischemic preconditioning (IPC). MAIN METHOD: Mixed cortical neurons were exposed to IPC one day prior to TRAIL treatment or lethal ischemia. IPC increased decoy receptor but reduced death receptor expression compared to lethal ischemia. IPC-induced increase in decoy receptor expression was reduced by prior treatment with CAPE, a nuclear factor-kappa B inhibitor (NFκB). Expression of decoy molecules, dependent on NFκB, may mediate neuronal survival induced by IPC.
    Life sciences 02/2011; 88(15-16):670-4. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Caveolae are small, flask-like invaginations of the plasma membrane. Caveolins are structural proteins found in caveolae that have scaffolding properties to allow organization of signaling. The authors tested the hypothesis that delayed cardiac protection induced by volatile anesthetics is caveolae or caveolin dependent. An in vivo mouse model of ischemia-reperfusion injury with delayed anesthetic preconditioning (APC) was tested in wild-type, caveolin-1 knockout, and caveolin-3 knockout mice. Mice were exposed to 30 min of oxygen or isoflurane and allowed to recover for 24 h. After 24 h recovery, mice underwent 30-min coronary artery occlusion followed by 2 h of reperfusion at which time infarct size was determined. Biochemical assays were also performed in excised hearts. Infarct size as a percent of the area at risk was reduced by isoflurane in wild-type (24.0 +/- 8.8% vs. 45.1 +/- 10.1%) and caveolin-1 knockout mice (27.2 +/- 12.5%). Caveolin-3 knockout mice did not show delayed APC (41.5 +/- 5.0%). Microscopically distinct caveolae were observed in wild-type and caveolin-1 knockout mice but not in caveolin-3 knockout mice. Delayed APC increased the amount of caveolin-3 protein but not caveolin-1 protein in discontinuous sucrose-gradient buoyant fractions. In addition, glucose transporter-4 was increased in buoyant fractions, and caveolin-3/glucose transporter-4 colocalization was observed in wild-type and caveolin-1 knockout mice after APC. These results show that delayed APC involves translocation of caveolin-3 and glucose transporter-4 to caveolae, resulting in delayed protection in the myocardium.
    Anesthesiology 05/2010; 112(5):1136-45. · 5.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Caveolae, lipid-rich microdomains of the sarcolemma, localize and enrich cardiac-protective signaling molecules. Caveolin-3 (Cav-3), the dominant isoform in cardiac myocytes, is a determinant of caveolar formation. We hypothesized that cardiac myocyte-specific overexpression of Cav-3 would enhance the formation of caveolae and augment cardiac protection in vivo. Ischemic preconditioning in vivo increased the formation of caveolae. Adenovirus for Cav-3 increased caveolar formation and phosphorylation of survival kinases in cardiac myocytes. A transgenic mouse with cardiac myocyte-specific overexpression of Cav-3 (Cav-3 OE) showed enhanced formation of caveolae on the sarcolemma. Cav-3 OE mice subjected to ischemia/reperfusion injury had a significantly reduced infarct size relative to transgene-negative mice. Endogenous cardiac protection in Cav-3 OE mice was similar to wild-type mice undergoing ischemic preconditioning; no increased protection was observed in preconditioned Cav-3 OE mice. Cav-3 knockout mice did not show endogenous protection and showed no protection in response to ischemic preconditioning. Cav-3 OE mouse hearts had increased basal Akt and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta phosphorylation comparable to wild-type mice exposed to ischemic preconditioning. Wortmannin, a phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor, attenuated basal phosphorylation of Akt and glycogen synthase kinase-3beta and blocked cardiac protection in Cav-3 OE mice. Cav-3 OE mice had improved functional recovery and reduced apoptosis at 24 hours of reperfusion. Expression of caveolin-3 is both necessary and sufficient for cardiac protection, a conclusion that unites long-standing ultrastructural and molecular observations in the ischemic heart. The present results indicate that increased expression of caveolins, apparently via actions that depend on phosphoinositide 3-kinase, has the potential to protect hearts exposed to ischemia/reperfusion injury.
    Circulation 11/2008; 118(19):1979-88. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Volatile anesthetics protect the heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury but the mechanisms for this protection are poorly understood. Caveolae, sarcolemmal invaginations, and caveolins, scaffolding proteins in caveolae, localize molecules involved in cardiac protection. We tested the hypothesis that caveolae and caveolins are essential for volatile anesthetic-induced cardiac protection using cardiac myocytes (CMs) from adult rats and in vivo studies in caveolin-3 knockout mice (Cav-3(-/-)). We incubated CM with methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MbetaCD) or colchicine to disrupt caveolae formation, and then exposed the myocytes to the volatile anesthetic isoflurane (30 min, 1.4%), followed by simulated ischemia/reperfusion (SI/R). Isoflurane protected CM from SI/R [23.2+/-1.6% vs. 71.0+/-5.8% cell death (assessed by trypan blue exclusion), P<0.001] but this protection was abolished by MbetaCD or colchicine (84.9+/-5.5% and 64.5+/-6.1% cell death, P<0.001). Membrane fractionation by sucrose density gradient centrifugation of CM treated with MbetaCD or colchicine revealed that buoyant (caveolae-enriched) fractions had decreased phosphocaveolin-1 and caveolin-3 compared to control CM. Cardiac protection in vivo was assessed by measurement of infarct size relative to the area at risk and cardiac troponin levels. Isoflurane-induced a reduction in infarct size and cardiac troponin relative to control (infarct size: 26.5%+/-2.6% vs. 45.3%+/-5.4%, P<0.01; troponin: 27.7+/-4.4 vs. 77.7+/-11.8 ng/ml, P<0.05). Isoflurane-induced cardiac protection was abolished in Cav-3(-/-) mice (infarct size: 53.4%+/-6.1% vs. 53.2%+/-3.5%, P<0.01; troponin: 102.1+/-22.3 vs. 105.9+/-8.2 ng/ml, P<0.01). Isoflurane-induced cardiac protection is thus dependent on the presence of caveolae and the expression of caveolin-3. We conclude that caveolae and caveolin-3 are critical for volatile anesthetic-induced protection of the heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury.
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 01/2008; 44(1):123-30. · 5.15 Impact Factor