[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive neuroendocrine cutaneous malignancy. Current recommendations include offering regional lymph node evaluation by either sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or complete lymph node dissection (CLND) to all patients with MCC; however, we hypothesized a cohort of low-risk patients may exist for whom regional nodal metastasis would be unlikely.
A retrospective review of the Department of Veterans Affairs national health care database was performed. Patients undergoing resection of primary MCC were identified; and demographic, medical, and social history; tumor characteristics; nodal status; and recurrence events were recorded.
Between 1995 and 2006, 346 patients were diagnosed with MCC. Of these, 213 underwent resection of the primary lesion and evaluation of the draining lymph node basin. Fifty-four patients (25%) had tumors < or = 1.0 cm in diameter. Average tumor diameter was 0.7 cm, and 63% were located on the head or neck. Only two patients (4%) with tumors < or = 1.0 cm had regional lymph node metastasis, compared with 51 (24%) of 213 patients with tumors more than 1.0 cm (P < .0001). Both patients had clinically evident nodal disease at presentation and underwent CLND. Both have remained recurrence-free for 40 months. Thirteen (25%) of 51 patients with nodal metastasis and tumors more than 1 cm had occult nodal metastasis.
In this series, patients with MCC < or = 1.0 cm were unlikely to have regional lymph node metastasis, suggesting that regional nodal evaluation may reasonably be avoided in these patients. However, these data support SLNB for MCC more than 1 cm in diameter.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2009; 27(23):3772-7. · 18.04 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cecal volvulus is an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction, accounting for less than 1% of cases in Western countries. In the literature, it has been described as a complication following numerous common surgeries as well as a number of minimally invasive procedures. Presumably, it is more likely to occur following any surgical procedure which might require some degree of medial visceral rotation or disruption of the fusion plane between the cecum or ascending colon with the lateral peritoneum, providing sufficient mobility to allow for cecal volvulization to occur. In addition, cadaver and autopsy studies have also suggested that 10-20% of the population may have sufficient mobility of the colon to allow for volvulization. We present a review of the literature pertaining to the diagnosis and management of cecal volvulus as well as the case of J.R., a 78-year-old male with cecal volvulus six days following a right radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma.
Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES 04/2008; 14(2):158-62. · 0.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cutaneous metastases from rectal cancer are rare manifestations of disseminated disease and uniformly represent dismal survival. A retrospective review of six patients with rectal cancer metastatic to the dermis was performed. The diagnosis of rectal cancer was made concurrently with the diagnosis of the dermal metastases in all six patients. A 100 per cent histopathologic concordance existed between the tissue of the dermal metastases and primary rectal tumor. The progression of systemic metastatic disease was the cause of death in 83.3 per cent of patients (5/6). No patient survived more than 7 months from the time of diagnosis. Recognition of suspicious skin lesions as possible harbingers of undiagnosed visceral malignancy is important in managing patients both with and without a history of previous cancer.
The American surgeon 03/2008; 74(2):138-40. · 0.92 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Multiple studies demonstrate the efficacy of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in patients over 50 years of age. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding which screening method to use, and compliance has been poor. The objective of this study was to identify the CRC screening practices at two institutions and determine the relationship between screening and pathologic stage for patients presenting with a colorectal neoplasm. This study, conducted at the University of Virginia (UVA) Health System and the Salem Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) between October 30, 2000, and September 1, 2004, included 198 patients > or = 50 years who presented for resection of a primary colorectal neoplasm. Pathologic stage and prior screening were identified retrospectively through chart review and patient response to an anonymous survey. Prior screening was demonstrated in 71 per cent of patients. Colonoscopy was the most commonly used modality. There was a higher percentage of CRC screening at VAMC compared with UVA (80% vs 62%, P < 0.0008). Patients at UVA were more likely screened with colonoscopy, whereas fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) was most common at VAMC (P < 0.0001). Prior CRC screening and cancer stage were inversely related. Ninety-one per cent of patients with benign polyps had been screened prior to diagnosis, compared with 72 per cent of patients with stage I and II cancer and 54 per cent of patients with stage III and IV cancer (P < 0.05). Of patients presenting for surgery, 71 per cent underwent CRC screening. Variability exists in the methods employed for CRC screening. CRC screening facilitates diagnosis at an early stage.
The American surgeon 02/2006; 72(1):89-95. · 0.92 Impact Factor