[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the association between PTPN22 1858C>T gene polymorphism and susceptibility to, and clinical presentation of, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Our study included 135 SLE patients (120 women and 15 men; mean age 45.1 years; mean course of disease from 0.5 to 31 years) and 201 healthy subjects. The PTPN22 1858C>T gene polymorphism was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism. A significantly higher incidence of genotype CT in patients with SLE (36.3 %) was found, compared with the control group (24.9 %). The frequencies of C1858 and T1858 alleles were 78.1 and 21.9 % in SLE patients and 86.1 and 13.9 % in controls, respectively. Significantly higher SLE susceptibility was observed in patients carrying at least one T allele (p = 0.009; OR 1.86; 95 % CI 0.14-3.05). Significant association of the PTPN22 T1858 allele (CT + TT vs.CC) and secondary antiphospholipid syndrome was observed (p = 0.049). In SLE patients carrying the T1858 allele, higher levels of antiphospholipid antibodies (anticardiolipin antibodies and/or lupus anticoagulant) were found (p = 0.030; OR 2.17; 95 % CI 1.07-4.44).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PREOPERATIVE DIAGNOSTIC INVESTIGATIONS OF NODULAR GOITER ARE BASED ON TWO MAIN EXAMINATIONS: ultrasonography of the thyroid gland and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. So far, FNAB has been the best method for the differentiation of nodules, but in some cases it fails to produce a conclusive diagnosis. Some of the biopsies do not provide enough material to establish the diagnosis, in some other biopsies cytological picture is inconclusive. Determining the eligibility of thyroid focal lesions for surgery has been more and more often done with molecular methods. The most common genetic changes leading to the development of thyroid cancer include mutations, translocations and amplifications of genes, disturbances in gene methylation and dysregulation of microRNA. The mutations of Ras proto-oncogenes and BRAF gene as well as disturbances of DNA methylation in promoter regions of genes regulating cell cycle (e.g. hypermethylation of RASSF1A gene and TIMP-3 gene) play an important role in the process of neoplastic transformation of thyreocyte. The advances in molecular biology made it possible to investigate these genetic disturbances in DNA and/or RNA from peripheral blood, postoperative thyroid tissue material and cytology specimens obtained through fine-needle aspiration biopsy of focal lesions in the thyroid gland. As it became possible to analyze the mutations and methylation of genes from cell material obtained through fine-needle aspiration biopsy, it would be beneficial to introduce the techniques of molecular biology in the pre-operative diagnosis of nodular goiter as a valuable method, complementary to ultrasonography and FNAB. The knowledge obtained from molecular studies might help to determine the frequency of follow-up investigations in patients with nodular goiter and to select patients potentially at risk of developing thyroid cancer, which would facilitate their qualification for earlier strumectomy.
Thyroid Research 06/2014; 7:6. DOI:10.1186/1756-6614-7-6
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to examine NPHS1, NPHS2, WT1 and LAMB2 mutations, previously reported in two thirds of patients with nephrotic syndrome with onset before the age of one year old. Genomic DNA samples from Polish children (n=33) with Steroid-Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome (SRNS) due to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), manifesting before the age of 13 years old, underwent retrospective analysis of NPHS1, NPHS2, WT1 (exons 8, 9 and adjacent exon/intron boundaries) and LAMB2. No pathogenic NPHS1 or LAMB2 mutations were found in our FSGS cohort. SRNS-causing mutations of NPHS2 and WT1 were detected in 7 of 33 patients (21%), including those with nephrotic syndrome manifesting before one year old: five of seven patients. Four patients had homozygous c.413G>A (p.Arg138Gln) NPHS2 mutations; one subject was homozygous for c.868G>A (p.Val290Met) NPHS2. A phenotypic female had C>T transition at position +4 of the WT1 intron 9 (c.1432+4C>T) splice-donor site, and another phenotypic female was heterozygous for G>A transition at position +5 (c.1432+5G>A). Genotyping revealed a female genotypic gender (46, XX) for the first subject and male (46, XY) for the latter. In addition, one patient was heterozygous for c.104dup (p.Arg36Profs*34) NPHS2; two patients carried a c.686G>A (p.Arg229Gln) NPHS2 non-neutral variant. Results indicate possible clustering of causative NPHS2 mutations in FSGS-proven SRNS with onset before age one year old, and provide additional evidence that patients with childhood steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome due to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis should first undergo analysis of NPHS2 coding sequence and WT1 exons 8 and 9 and surrounding exon/intron boundary sequences, followed by gender genotyping.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The role of adenosine as a cardioprotective agent is well known and recent experimental studies suggest that impairment of adenosine-related signal transduction contributes to the pathophysiology of chronic heart failure. The recent observation of an association between ADA, genetic polymorphism and coronary artery disease (CAD) prompted us to study the possible relevance of three intragenic polymorphic sites of the ADA gene (ADA1, ADA2 and ADA6).
136 non-diabetic patients with coronary artery disease and 246 healthy blood donors from the white Italian population of Central Italy and 129 non-diabetic patients with CAD and 204 newborns from the white Polish population were studied. ADA1, ADA2 and ADA6 genotypes were determined by DNA analysis. In males, the proportion of ADA1 *2 (P = 0.0001) and ADA2 *2 (P = 0.005) alleles is lower in CAD than in controls. In males, the haplotype distribution of the pairs ADA1-ADA2, ADA1-ADA6 and ADA2-ADA6 shows statistically significant differences between coronary artery disease and controls.
The present study suggests a complex association between ADA gene and coronary artery diseases. Besides the control of adenosine concentration due to deamination of adenosine, also other functions of the ADA gene could have a role in the susceptibility and/ or clinical course of coronary artery disease.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background This study analyzes the influence the of kidney donor hemostasis on the risk of complications in the kidney recipient after transplantation. Material and Methods We enrolled 38 deceased kidney donors, of whom14 donors died from a physical injury and the others died from ischemic or bleeding central nervous system stroke. The donors were categorized into 2 subgroups. If the recipient's postoperative period proceeded smoothly, the kidney donor was assigned to the uncomplicated donors (UD) group. If the recipient's postoperative period was complicated, the donor was assigned to the complicated (CD) Group. The CD group of consisted of 9 donors who died from strokes or bleedings and 2 who died from physical injury. We examined the antithrombin (AT) protein C (PC), complexes of thrombin/antithrombin (TAT), fragments F1+2 of prothrombin (F1+2), plasminogen (Pl), complexes of plasmin/antiplasmin (PAP), and D-dimers (D-d). Results In the CD group had decreased activity of AT, PC, and Pl and increased activity of F1+2, TAT, and D-d. The UD group had a higher level of PAP. The CD group had evidence of intensive blood coagulation, but the UD group had evidence of fibrinolysis. Fisher's exact test revealed an increased risk in recipients who received a kidney from the CD group. Conclusions The hemostasis of the kidney donors had a correlation with the occurrence of some complications in the kidney recipients, especially complications connected with activation of blood coagulation. It seems that the activation of fibrinolysis could be positive prognostic factor, but this requires further investigations.
Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 12/2013; 19:1102-8. DOI:10.12659/MSM.884030 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Limited studies indicate a possible association of 5'-UTR thymidylate synthase enhancer region polymorphism and treatment outcome in patients medicated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). The study was designed to verify the relationship in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), a Polish population that received 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy. The study analyzed 145 Astler-Coller B2 and C CRC patients. Genotyping for a variable number of tandem repeats and G to C single-nucleotide polymorphism in the 5'-UTR of the thymidylate synthase (TS) gene was carried out. TS genotypes were classified into high expression (high TS) and low expression types (low TS). High TS was found in 22.8% of patients. The right-side tumors were more frequently associated with high TS than the left-side tumors (p=0.024). High TS was only found in 9.3% of rectal tumors, but in 29.7% of colon cancers (p=0.0042). Disease-free survival after 20 months (DFS 20) was longer in subjects with low TS than in high TS (p=0.043). Patients who underwent chemotherapy had longer DFS 20 in the low TS than in the high TS subgroup (p=0.051). The low TS was found to be an independent good prognostic factor for DFS 20 in the whole group as well as in the subgroup treated with chemotherapy (p=0.024 and p=0.034, respectively). Patients with low TS did not show any differences in DFS 20 whether they were treated with adjuvant chemotherapy or not. Proximal CRC tumors are characterized by higher TS expression genotypes than distal tumors, and are at significantly greater risk of early recurrence during the first 20 months after surgery.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The allele 1691A F5, conferring Factor V Leiden, is a common risk factor in venous thromboembolism. The frequency distribution for this allele in Western Europe has been well documented; but here data from Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe has been included. In order to assess the significance of the collated data, a chi-squared test was applied, and Tukey tests and z-tests with Bonferroni correction were compared. Results: A distribution with a North-Southeast band of high frequency of the 1691A F5 allele was discovered with a pocket including some Southern Slavic populations with low frequency. European countries/regions can be arbitrarily delimited into low (group 1, <2.8 %, mean 1.9 % 1691A F5 allele) or high (group 2, ≥2.8 %, mean 4.0 %) frequency groups, with many significant differences between groups, but only one intra-group difference (the Tukey test is suggested to be superior to the z-tests). Conclusion: In Europe a North-Southeast band of 1691A F5 high frequency has been found, clarified by inclusion of data from Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, which surrounds a pocket of low frequency in the Balkans which could possibly be explained by Slavic migration. There seem to be no indications of variation in environmental selection due to geographical location.
Journal of applied genetics 08/2013; DOI:10.1007/s13353-013-0166-9 · 1.90 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory skin disease. Previous studies have revealed shared genetic determinants among different inflammatory disorders, suggesting that markers associated with immune-related traits might also play a role in AD. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify novel genetic risk factors for AD. METHODS: We examined the results of all genome-wide association studies from a public repository and selected 318 genetic markers that were significantly associated with any inflammatory trait. These markers were considered candidates and tested for association with AD in a 3-step approach including 7 study populations with 7130 patients with AD and 9253 control subjects. RESULTS: A functional amino acid change in the IL-6 receptor (IL-6R Asp358Ala; rs2228145) was significantly associated with AD (odds ratio [OR], 1.15; P = 5 × 10(-9)). Interestingly, investigation of 2 independent population-based birth cohorts showed that IL-6R 358Ala specifically predisposes to the persistent form of AD (ORpersistent AD = 1.22, P = .0008; ORtransient AD = 1.04, P = .54). This variant determines the balance between the classical membrane-bound versus soluble IL-6R signaling pathways. Carriers of 358Ala had increased serum levels of soluble IL-6R (P = 4 × 10(-14)), with homozygote carriers showing a 2-fold increase. Moreover, we demonstrate that soluble IL-6R levels were higher in patients with AD than in control subjects (46.0 vs 37.8 ng/mL, P = .001). Additional AD risk variants were identified in RAD50, RUNX3, and ERBB3. CONCLUSION: Our study supports the importance of genetic variants influencing inflammation in the etiology of AD. Moreover, we identified a functional genetic variant in IL6R influencing disease prognosis and specifically predisposing to persistent AD.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 04/2013; 132(2). DOI:10.1016/j.jaci.2013.01.057 · 12.05 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Calmodulin II (CALM2) gene polymorphism might be responsible for the variation in the left ventricular mass amongst healthy individuals. The aim was to evaluate the correlation between left ventricular mass (LVM) and g.474955027G>A (rs7565161) polymorphism adjacent to the CALM2 gene. Healthy Polish newborns (n = 206) were recruited. Two-dimensional M-mode echocardiography was used to assess LVM. Polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequencing analyses. The carriers of the G allele of the CALM2 polymorphism had significantly higher left ventricular mass/weight (LVM/BW) values, when compared with newborns homozygous for the A allele (3.1 g/m(2) versus 2.5 g/m(2), P adjusted = 0.036). The AG genotype of CALM2 was associated with the highest values of LVM/BW, exhibiting a pattern of overdominance (2.9 g/kg versus 3.1 g/kg versus 2.5 g/kg, P adjusted = 0.037). The results of this study suggest that G>A CALM2 polymorphism may account for subtle variation in LVM at birth.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft syndrome (EEC) results from a simultaneous developmental abnor-caused by mutations of the tp63 gene. Five mutations: 204, 227, 279, 280, and 304 account for most cases of this syndrome. A case with R304W mutation, characterized by the presence of all major (ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip and palate) and two minor (lacrimal duct obstruction, developmental delay) clinical symptoms of the syndrome is presented. This severe case improves the existing knowledge concerning the genotype-phenotype correlations in EEC syndrome.
Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis 01/2013; 59(1):11-4.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: β2-adrenergic receptors re abundantly expressed in airways, which explains the role of β2 agonists, the strongest bronchodilators, in treatment of bronchial constriction. There may be a relation between β2ADR gene polymorphism and the response to treatment with β2 agonists. In the present study we attempted to study these relationship in vivo, estimating spirometric values before and after the use of salbutamol in reference to variant of β2ADR gene polymorphisms. The study involved 148 healthy male volunteers. After the examination of the gene polymorphism of the β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-ADR) at nucleotide positions 46 and 79 (g.46 and g.79) we performed spirometry testing in all subjects. The pulmonary function was checked twice a day; before and 15 min after the administration of salbutamol. All subjects had normal basic values of spirometry. The use of salbutamol significantly increased spirometric values in all groups determined by β2ADR gene polymorphisms. Analysis of the spirometric values in individual groups showed a significant increase only in peak expiratory flow (g.46AA and g.79CC). The results of this study give an insight into a possibly important mechanism of the response to treatment with β2-agonists.
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 01/2013; 755:169-77. DOI:10.1007/978-94-007-4546-9_22 · 2.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gompertz-related distributions have dominated mortality studies for 187 years. However, nonrelated distributions also fit well to mortality data. These compete with the Gompertz and Gompertz-Makeham data when applied to data with varying extents of truncation, with no consensus as to preference. In contrast, Gaussian-related distributions are rarely applied, despite the fact that Lexis in 1879 suggested that the normal distribution itself fits well to the right of the mode. Study aims were therefore to compare skew-t fits to Human Mortality Database data, with Gompertz-nested distributions, by implementing maximum likelihood estimation functions (mle2, R package bbmle; coding given). Results showed skew-t fits obtained lower Bayesian information criterion values than Gompertz-nested distributions, applied to low-mortality country data, including 1711 and 1810 cohorts. As Gaussian-related distributions have now been found to have almost universal application to error theory, one conclusion could be that a Gaussian-related distribution might replace Gompertz-related distributions as the basis for mortality studies.
The Journals of Gerontology Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 12/2012; DOI:10.1093/gerona/gls239 · 4.31 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate associations between two common polymorphisms of CYP17 and CYP19, encoding key enzymes of estrogen biosynthesis, and age at menopause in Polish women. One hundred fifty women after menopause (49.5±3.8 years), with no previous history of hormone replacement therapy took part in the study. The genetic control group consisted of 150 newborns from the same population. We investigated an association between the age at menopause and the single nucleotide polymorphism T→C in the 5' untranslated region (promoter) of the CYP17 gene (c.-34T>C; rs743572 - MspA1) or the number of tetranucleotide repeats [TTTA](n) (rs60271534) including deletion/insertion (D/I) of a 3bp sequence in intron 4 of the CYP19 gene. CYP17 polymorphism was analyzed by PCR-RFLP and CYP19 by PCR and capillary electrophoresis. In the case of CYP17 polymorphism, 28.7% and 36.7% wild homozygous (TT), 50.7% and 46.0% heterozygous (TC), as well as 20.6% and 17.3% mutated homozygous (CC) types were identified in the subjects and controls, respectively. The frequency of mutated alleles (C) was 46.0% vs. 40.3% (p=0.19). In the case of CYP19 polymorphism, 34.0% and 32.0% of homozygotes (1_1), 50.7% and 51.3% of heterozygotes (1_2), 15.3% and 16.7% of homozygotes (2_2) were identified in the subjects and controls, respectively. No association between the studied CYP17 or CYP19 polymorphisms and age at menopause was found in Polish women.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Glucocorticoids and their receptors are involved in inflammation and many cardiovascular risk factors. We examined associations of Tth111I, N363S and ER22/23EK NR3C1 gene polymorphisms and haplotypes, with coronary artery disease (CAD), severity of CAD (single-vessel vs. multivessel disease) and risk factors. METHODS: Three hundred ten individuals were submitted to coronary angiography. Selected genotypes were determined by PCR-RFLP. RESULTS: Carriers of the Tth111I allele T were found significantly less often in the CAD compared with the non-CAD group (49.7 vs. 64.6%, p = 0.013); this association was similar for TGA haplotype carriers (49.2 vs. 62.8%, p = 0.024); the T allele was more frequent in females (66.3 vs. 51.1%, p = 0.020) and its presence was associated with higher levels of HDL-cholesterol (46.6 ± 12.7 vs. 43.5 ± 10.1 mg/dL for T-carriers vs. noncarriers, p = 0.045). The TT genotype proved to be less common in MVD than SVD (5.9 vs. 14.1%, p = 0.075). The 363S allele was significantly associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) (24.4 vs. 10.9%; carriers in DM and non-DM subjects, respectively, p = 0.027), the TT genotype or TGA/TGA diplotype (in which the 363S allele was absent) were less frequent in DM than in non-DM subjects (p = 0.012 for Tth111I-TT and p = 0.020 for TGA/TGA diplotype). No significant associations between CAD and N363S or ER22/23EK polymorphisms were found. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the Tth111I NR3C1 polymorphism may play a protective role in the development of CAD, and homozygous TT in development of MVD. The N363S polymorphisms may contribute to the development of diabetes in the Polish population.
Archives of medical research 11/2012; 44(1). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2012.10.020 · 1.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The etiology of drug addiction, a central nervous system (CNS) disease, is not fully known. This complex problem is believed to be connected with concurrently affecting genetic, psychological and environmental factors. The development of addiction is connected with CNS reinforcement system and dopaminergic neurotransmission. Molecular processes are postulated to be of universal character and allow to presume a similar mechanism of dependence for both ethanol and other substances. Therefore, elements of dopaminergic transmission become excellent candidates for the examination of genetic influence on the development of addiction. A relationship between alcoholic disease and the presence of TaqIA1 and DRD2 alleles permits to initiate another investigation of gene-coding DRD2 dopamine receptor. The latest results indicate the importance of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the regulation of dopaminergic route. The purpose of this research was to reveal the relationship between the Val66Met BDNF gene polymorphism and dependence of psychoactive agent. The examinations were performed with the Local Research Ethics Committee approval and patient's consent. The study group consisted of 100 patients (88 men and 12 women) aged 18-52 years, qualified for research program according to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) requirements, medical examination and detailed questionnaire.