Hidehiko Yamamoto

Oita University, Ōita-shi, Oita-ken, Japan

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Publications (14)34.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE:: Discriminating cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious problem in emergency departments, and the ability of chest radiographs to differentiate between these 2 entities is limited. We compared the chest computed tomography (CT) findings in the acute phase of CPE with those of ARDS. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: Outpatients with acute respiratory failure presenting to emergency departments with bilateral pulmonary opacities were enrolled. The patients included not only those who visited our hospital first but also those referred from other hospitals. Two intensivists who were blinded to the results of the chest imaging studies reviewed the patients' clinical records independently in order to determine a diagnosis of CPE or ARDS, and the chest CT findings were independently evaluated by 2 radiologists who were unaware of the patients' clinical information. The positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and diagnostic accuracy of the statistically different findings were calculated using standard definitions. RESULTS:: Forty-one patients with CPE and 20 patients with ARDS were assessed. Upper-lobe-predominant ground-glass attenuation, central-predominant ground-glass attenuation, and central airspace consolidation were associated with high PPVs (95.2%, 92.3%, and 92.0%, respectively) and moderate NPVs (47.5%, 51.4%, and 50.0%, respectively) to diagnose as CPE. Left-dominant pleural effusion and small ill-defined opacities revealed relatively high PPVs (71.4% and 58.3%, respectively) and NPVs (72.2% and 73.5%, respectively) to diagnose as ARDS. The overall accuracy of the diagnosis by chest CT was 88.5% (54/61). CONCLUSIONS:: Chest CT may be a useful tool for differentiating CPE from ARDS in the emergency department setting.
    Journal of thoracic imaging 04/2013; · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim:  Deaths from aspiration pneumonia in elderly patients are occasionally considered to be "death from age-related physical debility", because most aspiration pneumonias are a result of aging and lead to death without any definitive therapy. The aim of the present study was to assess physicians' attitudes toward the diagnosis of and actual description of "death from age-related physical debility" on death certificates for deceased patients with aspiration pneumonia. Methods:  This study surveyed 62 Japanese physicians including 36 pulmonologists and 26 other physicians who treat patients with pneumonia. Their attitudes regarding consideration and actually recorded "death from age-related physical debility" for deceased patients with aspiration pneumonia were assessed by using anonymous questionnaires, which included the decision-making process and the necessity of detailed diagnostic criteria. Results:  A total of 32 (52%) respondents had considered deceased patients with aspiration pneumonia to be "death from age-related physical debility", and 10 (16%) have actually stated this on the death certificate. Advanced age, bedridden status, inability of oral intake and disturbance of consciousness including dementia were major factors in their decision-making. A total of 34 (55%) of the respondent physicians wanted detailed criteria to be established. Conclusions:  Physicians' attitudes toward the definition of "death from age-related physical debility" vary a great deal depending on the respondent. The description in death certificates therefore might inaccurately reflect the results of current mortality statistics in Japan. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2012; ••: ••-••.
    Geriatrics & Gerontology International 09/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Many studies have shown a lack of advantages to tube feeding for elderly with advanced dementia, but tube feeding is still considered standard care in Japan. The aim of this study is to investigate what nutrition method health care professionals want for themselves or their families, if they fall into a bedridden state due to irreversible impaired cognition in old age. In 2010 we surveyed 1321 Japanese health care professionals including 251 medical doctors and 1070 nurses. Their attitudes toward tube feeding were assessed by using an anonymous questionnaire, which included desired feeding methods for themselves or their families and propriety of card-based declaration of intent for end-of-life care. Rates of accepting tube feeding for themselves and their families were 14.4% and 43.4%, respectively. In multivariate analyses, working at a municipal hospital and high frequency of taking care of tube-fed elderly patients were predictors of refusing tube feeding for themselves. Working at a municipal hospital and being a medical doctor were predictors of refusing tube feeding for their families. The rate of welcoming card-based declaration of intent for end-of-life care including feeding methods was 65.2%. Many doctors and nurses, especially with more frequent contact with tubefed patients, rejected tube feeding for themselves on their own deathbed, but did not always refuse this option for their families.
    Journal of palliative medicine 04/2012; 15(5):561-6. · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a useful biomarker for the assessment of cardiogenic pulmonary edema. This study evaluated the relationship between computed tomography (CT) findings and plasma BNP levels in patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Twenty-nine consecutive outpatients with severe respiratory failure from cardiogenic edema presenting to emergency departments were enrolled. They underwent chest CT and plasma BNP levels were measured in the emergency room. CT findings were independently evaluated by two radiologists who were unaware of the patients' clinical information. The plasma BNP levels only correlated with the volume of pleural effusion in each side (right: r(s) = 0.519, P = .004; left: r(s) = 0.460, P = .012). No significant correlation was observed between the BNP levels and the findings of lung parenchyma or cardiovascular enlargement. Estimating the pleural effusion volume with CT may be a feasible method as well as measuring the plasma BNP level in the assessment of acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema.
    Academic radiology 04/2012; 19(7):851-6. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) level is considered to be a predictor of severity in both hospital- and community-acquired pneumonias, whereas recent reports have shown that higher CRP levels lead to better outcomes in patients with acute lung injury (ALI). To explain this discrepancy, we evaluated the relationship among plasma CRP levels, etiology, affectors of CRP production, and mortality in patients with ALI. This was a case-control study of 76 consecutive patients with ALI. The plasma CRP levels had been measured in all of the patients within 1 hour of visiting an emergency department. The associations between the plasma CRP levels and 60-day mortality were analyzed after adjusting for the causes of ALI, disease severity, the patients' age, use of corticosteroids, and presence of hepatic failure. The CRP levels and patients' ages were strongly related to the mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.005 [P = .007] and 1.059 [P = .011], respectively), whereas the etiology of ALI did not affect the mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.789 [P = .530]) in the Cox proportional hazard models. The plasma CRP level may be a predictor of mortality in elderly patients with ALI.
    Journal of critical care 12/2011; 27(5):524.e1-6. · 2.13 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of infection 12/2011; 64(3):343-5. · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Discriminating acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) from cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) using the plasma level of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) alone remains controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic utility of combination measurements of BNP and C-reactive protein (CRP) in critically ill patients with pulmonary edema. This was a cross-sectional study. BNP and CRP data from 147 patients who presented to the emergency department due to acute respiratory failure with bilateral pulmonary infiltrates were analyzed. There were 53 patients with ALI/ARDS, 71 with CPE, and 23 with mixed edema. Median BNP and CRP levels were 202 (interquartile range 95-439) pg/mL and 119 (62-165) mg/L in ALI/ARDS, and 691 (416-1,194) pg/mL (p < 0.001) and 8 (2-42) mg/L (p < 0.001) in CPE. BNP or CRP alone offered good discriminatory performance (C-statistics 0.831 and 0.887), but the combination offered greater one [C-statistics 0.931 (p < 0.001 versus BNP) (p = 0.030 versus CRP)]. In multiple logistic-regression, BNP and CRP were independent predictors for the diagnosis after adjusting for other variables. Measurement of CRP is useful as well as that of BNP for distinguishing ALI/ARDS from CPE. Furthermore, a combination of BNP and CRP can provide higher accuracy for the diagnosis.
    Respiratory research 06/2011; 12:83. · 3.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of spindle cell carcinoma in the lung. A 73-year-old woman was admitted because of a lung tumor, which was indicated during a group examination. Chest computed tomography revealed a tumor located in the right lung accompanied by spiculation. Right upper lobectomy with lymph nodal dissection was performed. Histological findings revealed only spindle-shaped tumor cells, and immunohistochemical stain showed that they were cytokeratin-positive. We diagnosed it as a pulmonary spindle cell carcinoma.
    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 02/2011; 59(2):129-32.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a unique extralobar pulmonary sequestration in the upper thoracic region with 3 aberrant vessels connecting to the right subclavian artery, right superior pulmonary vein, and right pulmonary artery in a 20-year-old man. The sequestered lung was completely excised using a video-assisted thoracoscopic approach.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 11/2010; 90(5):1711-2. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a very rare case of a huge anterior mediastinal tumor penetrating the sternum that was diagnosed in a 59-year-old woman. The tumor was completely resected en bloc with the manubrium sterni, and the chest wall defect was closed with a pectoralis major muscle flap. Histologic examination of the cystic mass revealed the diagnosis of a benign mediastinal cystic tumor, most likely a benign cystic mature teratoma.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2010; 90(2):664-6. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gefitinib has shown modest activity in patients with recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after platinum-based chemotherapy. However, the activity of gefitinib as first-line chemotherapy remains unclear, especially unknown in elderly patients. A multicenter phase II trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of gefitinib for elderly patients with chemotherapy-naïve NSCLC. Elderly chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced NSCLC, ECOG PS of 0-2, and adequate organ functions received 250 mg/day of gefitinib. The primary objective of this study was to determine the objective response rate (RR). Secondary endpoints were tolerability, disease-related symptom using lung cancer subscale (LCS) in FACT-L, progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). We investigated mutation status of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene in cases with available tumor samples. Fifty patients were enrolled, of whom 49 were eligible. Median age (range) was 80 (75-90) years. Thirty-two patients were female (65%) and 40 patients had adenocarcinoma (82%). The objective RR was 25% (CI 95%, 13-39). Median survival time was 10 months (CI 95%, 7-20) and 1-year survival rate was 50%. The most frequent adverse events were skin disorders (76%). Fifteen patients (30%) experienced toxicities >/=grade 3. There were four patients with possible interstitial lung disease including two treatment-related deaths. Symptom improvement rate using LCS was 49% at 4 weeks of gefitinib therapy. Tumor samples from 17 patients were analyzed for EGFR mutation status. EGFR mutations were detected in tumor tissues from 7 patients, of which 5 had partial responses (71%). Gefitinib monotherapy is effective and relatively well tolerated in chemotherapy-naïve elderly patients with advanced NSCLC. Gefitinib has potential as a first-line therapeutic option in elderly patients with advanced NSCLC.
    Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 11/2008; 3(10):1166-71. · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of a novel combination treatment using concurrent radiotherapy with cisplatin plus UFT, which is comprised of uracil and tegafur, in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In this Phase II trial, patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC were treated with the oral administration of UFT (400 mg/m(2)/d tegafur) on days 1-14 and days 29-42 whereas 80 mg/m(2) cisplatin was administered i.v. on days 8 and 36. Radiotherapy, with a total dose of 60 Gy, was delivered in 30 fractions from day 1. Seventy patients were enrolled and eligible, as follows: 57 males/13 females; mean age 61 ranging from 36 to 74; performance status 0/1:45/25; stage IIIA/IIIB, 14/56. A complete response was observed in two patients and a partial response in 54 patients, and the overall response rate was 81% (95% confidence interval; 70-89%). The median survival, the 1- and 2-year survival rates were 16.5 months, 67% and 33%, respectively. Grade 3/4 leukopenia occurred in 14%/1% of the patients. Grades 3 non-hematological toxicities were only reported in three patients with nausea, two with esophagitis and one with pneumonitis whereas no grade 4 non-hematological toxicity was observed. UFT plus cisplatin with concurrent radiotherapy is considered to be a feasible and effective treatment for locally advanced NSCLC patients. Additional study of this concurrent chemoradiotherapy is warranted.
    Clinical Cancer Research 08/2004; 10(13):4369-73. · 7.84 Impact Factor
  • Lung Cancer. 01/2003; 41.
  • Lung Cancer. 01/2003; 41.