[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cranio-osteoarthropathy, clinically classified as a variant of primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, is a very rare autosomal-recessive condition characterized by delayed closure of the cranial sutures and fontanels, digital clubbing, arthropathy, and periostosis. Recently, mutations in the gene HPGD, which encodes the NAD(+)-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase, were reported in four families affected with primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy and one family with autosomal-recessive isolated nail clubbing. We report the clinical and molecular findings in four patients from two families affected with cranio-osteoarthropathy and one family with isolated, autosomal dominant digital clubbing. Genome-wide homozygosity mapping identified a locus for cranio-osteoarthropathy harboring the HPGD gene in one affected family. We detected two novel homozygous mutations in HPGD in these families: a missense mutation affecting the NAD(+) binding motif and a frameshift mutation. The clinical presentation in our patients was variable. Digital clubbing and hyperhidrosis were present in all cases. Delayed closure of the cranial sutures and fontanels, periostosis, and arthropathy were not consistent clinical features. No HPGD mutation was detected in a familial case of autosomal dominant isolated digital clubbing. The failure to identify any mutation in a family with an autosomal dominant type of isolated digital clubbing suggests that HPGD is not the major gene for this condition.
European journal of human genetics: EJHG 08/2009; 17(12):1570-6. · 3.56 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mutations in the GLRA1 gene, which encodes the alpha1-subunit of the inhibitory glycine receptor (GlyR), are the underlying causes in the majority of cases of hereditary startle disease (OMIM no. 149400). GlyRs are modulated by alcohols and volatile anesthetics, where a specific amino acid at position 267 has been implicated in receptor modulation. We describe a hyperekplexia family carrying the novel dominant missense allele GLRA1(S267N), that affects agonist responses and ethanol modulation of the mutant receptor. This study implies that a disease-related receptor allele carries the potential to alter drug responses in affected patients.
European Journal of HumanGenetics 03/2008; 16(2):223-8. · 4.32 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microdeletion syndromes are commonly transmitted as dominant traits and are frequently associated with variably expressed pleiotropic phenotypes. Nonlethal homozygous microdeletions, on the other hand, are very rare. Here, we delineate the fifth and so far largest homozygous microdeletion in nonmalignancies of approximately 400 kb on chromosome 4q11-q12 in a large consanguineous East-Anatolian family with six affected patients. The deleted region contains the beta-sarcoglycan gene (SGCB), the predicted gene SPATA18 (spermatogenesis associated 18 homolog) and several expressed sequence tags. Patients presented with a severe and progressive Duchenne-like muscular dystrophy phenotype, a combination of hyperlaxity and joint contractures, chest pain, palpitations, and dyspnea.
Human Mutation 10/2005; 26(3):279-80. · 5.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The hypomyelinating leukodystrophies X-linked Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) and Pelizaeus-Merzbacher- like disease (PMLD) are characterized by nystagmus, progressive spasticity, and ataxia. In a consanguineous family with PMLD, we performed a genomewide linkage scan using the GeneChip Mapping EA 10K Array (Affymetrix) and detected a single gene locus on chromosome 1q41-q42. This region harbors the GJA12 gene, which encodes gap junction protein a12 (or connexin 46.6). Gap junction proteins assemble into intercellular channels through which signaling ions and small molecules are exchanged. GJA12 is highly expressed in oligodendrocytes, and, therefore, it serves as an excellent candidate for hypomyelination in PMLD. In three of six families with PMLD, we detected five different GJA12 mutations, including missense, nonsense, and frameshift mutations. We thereby confirm previous assumptions that PMLD is genetically heterogeneous. Although the murine Gja12 ortholog is not expressed in sciatic nerve, we did detect GJA12 transcripts in human sciatic and sural nerve tissue by reverse- transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. These results are in accordance with the electrophysiological finding of reduced motor and sensory nerve conduction velocities in patients with PMLD, which argues for a demyelinating neuropathy. In this study, we demonstrate that GJA12 plays a key role in central myelination and is involved in peripheral myelination in humans.
The American Journal of Human Genetics 01/2004; 75(2):251-260. · 11.20 Impact Factor