Osam Mazda

Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kioto, Kyōto, Japan

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Publications (125)427.39 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Gene transfer technique has various applications, ranging from cellular biology to medical treatments for diseases. Although nonviral vectors, such as episomal vectors, have been developed, it is necessary to improve their gene transfer efficacy. Therefore, we attempted to develop a highly efficient gene delivery system combining an episomal vector with magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). In comparison with the conventional method using transfection reagents, polyethylenimine-coated MNPs introduced episomal vectors more efficiently under a magnetic field and could express the gene in mammalian cells with higher efficiency and for longer periods. This novel in vitro separation method of gene-introduced cells utilizing the magnetic property of MNPs significantly facilitated the separation of cells of interest. Transplanted cells in vivo were detected using magnetic resonance. These results suggest that MNPs play multifunctional roles in ex vivo gene transfer, such as improvement of gene transfer efficacy, separation of cells, and detection of transplanted cells.
    Nanomedicine: nanotechnology, biology, and medicine 04/2014; · 6.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PurposeTo evaluate perfusion during the early phase after steroid administration in vivo using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) with a high magnetic field MRI system. The main pathogenesis of steroid-induced osteonecrosis is considered to be ischemia.Materials and MethodsA single dose of methylprednisolone (MPSL) was injected into nine rabbits. DCE-MRI was performed for these rabbits before MPSL administration and 1, 5, 10, and 14 days after administration. Time–signal intensity curves were created for each femur based on the signal intensity to evaluate perfusion. Enhancement ratio (ER), initial slope (IS), and area under the curve (AUC) were calculated and the value before MPSL administration and the minimal value after administration were compared statistically.ResultsER, IS, and AUC values after MPSL administration significantly decreased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01, and P < 0.01, respectively). All of them decreased by the 5th day in 56% of the femora and by the 14th day in 83%, and some femora even showed a decrease from the 1st day.Conclusion In this study, decreased perfusion in the femora after steroid administration was proven. Additionally, we could show that it occurred from the early days after steroid administration. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 04/2014; · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We assessed whether heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) is involved in hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α)-dependent anabolic pathways in articular chondrocytes under hypoxic conditions. Primary rabbit chondrocytes were cultured under normoxia (20% oxygen condition) or hypoxia (1% oxygen condition). Alternatively, cells cultured under normoxia were treated with CoCl2, which induces HIF-1α, to simulate hypoxia, or transfected with siRNAs targeting HIF-1α (si-HIF-1α) and HSP70 (si-HSP70) under hypoxia. HSP70 expression was enhanced by the increased expression of HIF-1α under hypoxia or simulated hypoxia, but not in the presence of si-HIF-1α. Hypoxia-induced overexpression of ECM genes was significantly suppressed by si-HIF-1α or si-HSP70. Cell viability positively correlated with hypoxia, but transfection with si-HIF-1α or si-HSP70 abrogated the chondroprotective effects of hypoxia. Although LDH release from sodium nitroprusside-treated cells and the proportion of TUNEL positive cells were decreased under hypoxia, transfection with si-HIF-1α or si-HSP70 almost completely blocked these effects. These findings indicated that HIF-1α-induced HSP70 overexpression increased the expression levels of ECM genes and cell viability, and protected chondrocytes from apoptosis. HIF-1α may regulate the anabolic effects of chondrocytes under hypoxic conditions by regulating HSP70 expression. © 2014 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 03/2014; · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this feasibility study was to examine whether sonoporation assisted transduction of siRNA could be used to ameliorate arthritis locally. If successful, such approach could provide an alternative treatment for the patients that have or gradually develop adverse response to chemical drugs. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) produced by synovial fibroblasts has an important role in the pathology of rheumatoid arthritis, inducing inflammation and bone destruction. In this study, we injected a mixture of microbubbles and siRNA targeting TNF-α (siTNF) into the articular joints of rats, and transduced siTNF into synovial tissue by exposure to a collimated ultrasound beam, applied through a probe 6mm in diameter with an input frequency of 3.0MHz, an output intensity of 2.0W/cm(2) (spatial average temporary peak; SATP), a pulse duty ratio of 50%, and a duration of 1min. Sonoporation increased skin temperature from 26.8°C to 27.3°C, but there were no adverse effect such as burns. The mean level of TNF-α expression in siTNF-treated knee joints was 55% of those in controls. Delivery of siTNF into the knee joints every 3days (i.e., 7, 10, 13, and 16days after immunization) by in vivo sonoporation significantly reduced paw swelling on days 20-23 after immunization. Radiographic scores in the siTNF group were 56% of those in the CIA group and 61% of those in the siNeg group. Histological examination showed that the number of TNF-α positive cells was significantly lower in areas of pannus invasion into the ankle joints of siTNF- than of siNeg-treated rats. These results indicate that transduction of siTNF into articular synovium using sonoporation may be an effective local therapy for arthritis.
    Ultrasonics 11/2013; · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To enhance the effect of anti-influenza-virus agent treatment, the effect of combined administration of oseltamivir phosphate and hochu-ekki-to (Japanese traditional herbal medicine, HET) on early viral clearance was examined. Senescence-accelerated mice were given HET in drinking water for 2 weeks, followed by intranasal infection with influenza A virus strain PR8. After 4 hours of infection, oseltamivir was administered orally for 5 days. The viral loads in the lungs of the group receiving combined treatment were dramatically lower when compared with the viral loads in the lungs of the group receiving oseltamivir alone. HET significantly increased the induction of IL-1β and TNF-α in the lungs of PR8-infected mice and stimulated alveolar macrophage phagocytosis. From these results, we conclude that these functions may be responsible the increased effect on viral load reduction. Here, we show that the combined administration of oseltamivir and HET is very useful for influenza treatment in senescence-accelerated mice.
    Archives of Virology 08/2013; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Some viruses are sensitive to high pressure. The freeze-pressure generation method (FPGM) applies pressure as high as 250 MPa on a substance, simply by freezing a pressure-resistant reservoir in which the substance is immersed in water. Here we examined whether the FPGM successfully inactivates herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), an enveloped DNA virus belonging to the human Herpesviridae, and encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), an envelope-free RNA virus belonging to the Picornaviridae. After the treatment, HSV-1 drastically reduced the ability to form plaque in Vero cells in vitro as well as to kill mice in vivo. EMCV that had been pressurized failed to proliferate in HeLa cells and induce interferon response. The results suggest that the FPGM provides a feasible procedure to inactivate a broad spectrum of viruses.
    Biotechnology Letters 04/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: β-cryptoxanthin (β-cry) is a type of carotenoid found in certain fruits and vegetables. Although it has been shown that β-cry inhibits alveolar bone resorption, the molecular mechanisms for this have not yet been clarified. In the present study, we investigated the effects of β-cry on bone resorption related-cytokine production in human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells. DESIGN: hPDL cells were stimulated with β-cry (1×10-7mol/l), mechanical stress (1 or 6MPa), and P. gingivalis. The production of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, osteoprotegerin (OPG), and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) were analyzed by RT-PCR and ELISA. RESULTS: The production of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α was not induced in hPDL cells after stimulation with β-cry, although these cytokines were produced after stimulation with P. gingivalis. On the other hand, IL-6 and IL-8 were produced after exposure to 6MPa of mechanical stress. The production of IL-6 and IL-8 was significantly decreased by the addition of β-cry. Furthermore, β-cry up-regulated the production of OPG, but not RANKL. CONCLUSION: β-cry inhibited the production of IL-6 and IL-8 induced by mechanical stress and periodontopathogenic bacteria in hPDL cells. Moreover, β-cry up-regulated OPG production. These results suggest that β-cry may prevent bone resorption in periodontitis.
    Archives of oral biology 02/2013; · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of mild electrical stimulation (MES) and heat stress (HS) on heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), that protects chondrocytes and enhances cartilage matrix metabolism, in chondrocyte and articular cartilage. Rabbit articular chondrocytes were treated with MES and/or HS. The safeness was assessed by LDH assay and morphology. HSP70 protein, ubiquitinated proteins and HSP70 mRNA were examined by Western blotting and real-time PCR. Rat knee joints were treated with MES and/or HS. HSP70 protein, ubiquitinated proteins, HSP70 mRNA and proteoglycan core protein (PG) mRNA in articular cartilage were investigated. In vitro, HS increased HSP70 mRNA and HSP70 protein. MES augmented ubiquitinated protein and HSP70 protein, but not HSP70 mRNA. MES + HS raised HSP70 mRNA and ubiquitinated protein, and significantly increased HSP70 protein. In vivo, HS and MES + HS treatment augmented HSP70 mRNA. HS modestly augmented HSP70 protein. MES + HS significantly increased HSP70 protein and ubiquitinated proteins. PG mRNA was markedly raised by MES + HS. This study demonstrated that MES, in combination with HS, increases HSP70 protein in chondrocytes and articular cartilage, and promotes cartilage matrix metabolism in articular cartilage. MES in combination with HS can be a novel physical therapy for osteoarthritis by inducing HSP70 in articular cartilage. © 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 01/2013; · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Chitosan has been investigated as a promising non-viral vector. However, several problems still remain such as relatively low transfection efficiency and instabilities under physiological conditions. We previously demonstrated that a chondroitin sulfate (CS) coating enhanced the transfection efficiency and physicochemical stability of pDNA/chitosan complexes in vitro. In this study, the effects of coating pDNA/chitosan complexes with CS on stability in freeze-dry rehydration processes and gene expression in vivo were investigated. METHODS: Freeze-drying storage at -20 °C, 4 °C, or room temperature, freezing storage at -20 °C, or liquid storage at 4 °C or room temperature were examined for preservation conditions of pDNA/chitosan/CS ternary complexes by gel retardation assay, measurements of sizes and zeta potentials, and luciferase assay. Moreover, to elucidate the transfection efficiency of the ternary complexes in vivo, suicide gene therapy was carried out in Huh-7-implanted mice using herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase coding pDNA (pTK) and ganciclovir (GCV). RESULTS: The freeze-dried pDNA/chitosan/CS ternary complexes showed sufficient cell transfection ability in vitro and in vivo. In addition, ternary complexes were associated with significant suppression of tumor growth and a histopathologically high anti-tumor effect by intratumoral injection to tumor-bearing mice. CONCLUSIONS: The CS coating enhanced preservation stability of the pDNA/chitosan complexes after freeze-drying-rehydration and their transgene expression in vivo. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    The Journal of Gene Medicine 01/2013; · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myostatin, also known as growth differentiation factor (GDF-8), regulates proliferation of muscle satellite cells, and suppresses differentiation of myoblasts into myotubes via down-regulation of key myogenic differentiation factors including MyoD. Recent advances in stem cell biology have enabled generation of myoblasts from pluripotent stem cells, but it remains to be clarified whether myostatin is also involved in regulation of artificial differentiation of myoblasts from pluripotent stem cells. Here we show that the human iPS cell-derived cells that were induced to differentiate into myoblasts expressed myostatin and its receptor during the differentiation. An addition of recombinant human myostatin (rhMyostatin) suppressed induction of MyoD and Myo5a, resulting in significant suppression of myoblast differentiation. The rhMyostatin treatment also inhibited proliferation of the cells at a later phase of differentiation. RNAi-mediated silencing of myostatin promoted differentiation of human iPS-derived embryoid body (EB) cells into myoblasts. These results strongly suggest that myostatin plays an important role in regulation of myoblast differentiation from iPS cells of human origin. The present findings also have significant implications for potential regenerative medicine for muscular diseases.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2013; · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to determine whether the expression of connexin 43 (Cx43) effected on inflammatory conditions in rat fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and on rat model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The expression of Cx43 in rat FLS stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was confirmed by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The effects of small-interfering RNA targeting Cx43 (siCx43) on pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokine were assessed by real-time RT-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The therapeutic and side effects of siCx43 in a rat model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were examined by in vivo electroporation method. LPS markedly enhanced Cx43 gene expression in rat FLS, with transfection of siCx43 suppressing the over-expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the chemokine. Treatment of CIA rats with siCx43 significantly ameliorated paw swelling, and significantly reduced histological arthritis scores and radiographic scores. In histological appearance of rat ankle joints, siCx43 treatment significantly decreased the number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive (osteoclast-like) cells. These findings indicated that siCx43 had anti-inflammatory effects in rat FLS and efficiently inhibited the development of CIA. Cx43 may play an important role in the pathophysiology of RA, and may be a potential target molecule for novel RA therapies. © 2012 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 11/2012; · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aberrantly activated macrophages, which overproduce inflammatory mediators, are involved in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases. We analyzed the anti-inflammatory activity of lansoprazole (LPZ), a typical proton pump (P-ATPase) inhibitor, on RAW264.7 murine macrophages. Treatment of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 cells with LPZ inhibited the production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)). Since P-ATPase expression was not observed in RAW264.7 cells, the anti-inflammatory effect of LPZ was independent of ATPase. In contrast, diphenylene iodonium (DPI), an inhibitor of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase, decreased NO but not PGE(2) levels. LPZ suppressed the LPS-stimulated production by RAW264.7 cells of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which plays an important role in inflammatory responses. ROS elevation in these cells was associated with NO but not PGE(2) production, suggesting that LPZ inhibits NO production by suppressing NADPH oxidase activity. These findings suggest that LPZ may be useful in the treatment of many inflammatory diseases associated with activated macrophages.
    Inflammation 12/2011; 35(3):1062-8. · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 09/2011; 19. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of heat stimulation and glutamine (Gln) on the expression of extracellular matrix genes and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in rat articular cartilage in vivo and to determine whether HSP70 expression achieved with a combination of microwave (MW) and Gln suppresses osteoarthritis (OA) progression in a rat OA model. Stimulation at 40 W was assumed to be appropriate in the present study, and the effects of heat treatment at this intensity were evaluated. Articular cartilage was collected at 8 h after heat stimulation and/or intraarticular Gln administration, and total RNA was extracted. The expression of HSP70, aggrecan, and type II collagen was quantified using real-time RT-PCR. Cartilage samples from the OA model were subjected to hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and safranin O staining. HSP70 and aggrecan expression was greatest in a group receiving both MW and Gln. In the rat OA model, the severity of OA was significantly milder in a group receiving MW and Gln than in the control group. HSP70, stimulated by the combination of MW heat and Gln, may be involved in the suppression of OA progression.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 08/2011; 30(3):401-7. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mechanical stress is known to be an important factor in the regulation of bone remodeling, and mandibular bone is continuously exposed to mechanical stressors such as occlusal force. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effects of mechanical stress approaching occlusal force, to which mandible-derived osteoblasts (MDOB) are exposed, on cytokine expression and production using an original hydrostatic pressure apparatus. The levels of cytokine in MDOB were examined by real-time RT-PCR, ELISA, and western blotting. In addition, mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor for ERK1/2, JNK, and p-38 pathways was used to identify the signal transduction pathway. Hydrostatic pressure increased the expression of IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA in a magnitude- and time-dependent manner and also enhanced IL-6 and TNF-α protein production. Furthermore, hydrostatic pressure changed the RANKL/OPG ratio in favor of RANKL for both mRNA and protein levels. Specific inhibitor of p-38 pathway but not that of the ERK1/2 and JNK pathways suppressed the up-regulation of RANKL production induced by hydrostatic pressure loading. These results suggest that MDOB play a role in cytokine production in response to mechanical stress and that occlusal force may support the maintenance of mandible bone homeostasis by activating bone remodeling through osteoclastogenesis.
    Oral Diseases 06/2011; 17(7):712-9. · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-28B (IL-28B), also referred to as interferon-λ3, belongs to the type III interferon family. Earlier studies showed that IL-28B suppresses proliferation of some tumor cells in vitro. IL-28B gene transfection ex vivo also resulted in growth retardation of tumor cells in mice, through either direct antiproliferative action or induction of antitumor immunity. However, it has not been reported whether in vivo therapeutic administration of recombinant IL-28B can inhibit the growth of a pre-established tumor. Here, we found that repetitive subcutaneous administration of recombinant mouse IL-28B significantly induced tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and augmented natural killer cytolytic activity, leading to moderate suppression of the growth of a murine head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell line that was completely resistant to the direct antiproliferative effect of IL-28B. Moreover, co-administration of recombinant mouse IL-28B and cisplatin (CDDP) more significantly inhibited in vivo growth of the tumor that had been established in syngenic mice and induced tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes. The CDDP treatment induced the expression of major histocompatibility complex class I and Fas molecules on the surface of HNSCC cells both in vitro and in vivo; this may be the mechanism underlying the synergistic tumor suppression activity of IL-28B and CDDP. Unlike type I interferon, IL-28B did not suppress growth of bone marrow cells in culture. Therefore, IL-28B may be useful as a tool for a novel multidisciplinary therapy against cancer, significantly potentiating innate and adaptive antitumor immune responses, especially when co-administrated with CDDP, which is currently the first choice chemotherapeutic agent against various tumors including HNSCCs.
    Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md.: 1997) 03/2011; 34(2):139-48. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IL-21 regulates activation, proliferation, and differentiation of various immune cells. We have previously shown that exogenous IL-21 administration reduces allergic reactions in mouse models of anaphylaxis and allergic rhinitis. However, the effects of IL-21 in allergic cutaneous reactions remain unclear. In this study, we examined the effects of IL-21 in a mouse model of the IgE-mediated cutaneous immediate hypersensitivity reaction (IHR). We also investigated the mechanism of IL-21-induced regulation of allergic cutaneous reactions. Mice were sensitized by intraperitoneal ovalbumin (OVA) injection and challenged by injecting OVA intradermally into the ears, with intraperitoneal administration of recombinant murine (rm)IL-21 during the sensitization period or after completion of sensitization. After challenge, IL-21-untreated allergic mice developed biphasic responses characterized by early-phase and late-phase reactions. The biphasic reactions were significantly reduced by rmIL-21 treatment during sensitization or after completion of sensitization. Administration of rmIL-21 during sensitization reduced the cutaneous IHR by suppressing allergen-specific IgE production. In contrast, administration of rmIL-21 after completion of sensitization did not decrease serum levels of allergen-specific IgE, but significantly suppressed mast cell degranulation in skin. These results suggest that the regulatory effects of IL-21 on the cutaneous IHR involve suppression of allergen-specific IgE production or mast cell degranulation.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 03/2011; 131(7):1513-20. · 6.19 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 01/2011; 19. · 4.26 Impact Factor
  • Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 10/2010; 18. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Subchondral bone is a candidate for treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). We investigated the effects of intra-articular injection of hyaluronan (IAI-HA) on subchondral bone in rabbit OA model. OA was induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection, with some rabbits receiving IAI-HA. OA was graded morphologically, and expression of mRNA was assessed by real-time RT-PCR. Tissue sections were stained with hyaluronan-binding protein, and penetration of fluorescent hyaluronan was assessed. The in vitro inhibitory effect of hyaluronan on MMP-13 was analyzed in human osteoarthritic subchondral bone osteoblasts (OA Ob) by real-time RT-PCR and ELISA. Binding of hyaluronan to OA Ob via CD44 was assessed by immunofluorescence cytochemistry. Expression of MMP-13 and IL-6 mRNA in cartilage and subchondral bone, and morphological OA grade, increased over time. IAI-HA ameliorated the OA grade and selectively suppressed MMP-13 mRNA in subchondral bone. IAI-HA enhanced the hyaluronan staining of subchondral bone marrow cells and osteocyte lacunae. Fluorescence was observed in the subchondral bone marrow space. In OA Ob, hyaluronan reduced the expression and production of MMP-13, and anti-CD44 antibody blocked hyaluronan binding to OA Ob. These findings indicate that regulation of MMP-13 in subchondral bone may be a critical mechanism during IAI-HA.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 09/2010; 29(3):354-60. · 2.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
427.39 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2014
    • Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
      • • Department of Immunology
      • • Department of Orthopaedics
      • • Department of Dermatology
      • • Graduate School of Medical Science
      • • Department of Microbiology
      • • Division of Digestive Surgery
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2006–2011
    • Kyoto Sangyo University
      • Faculty of Life Sciences
      Kyoto, Kyoto-fu, Japan
  • 2005
    • Louis Pasteur Center for Medical Research
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 1991–1995
    • Kyoto University
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan