Sheela Tejwani

Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, United States

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Publications (3)21.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Identification of sensitive and specific biomarkers for early detection and prognosis of prostate cancer is essential for timely and appropriate treatment of the disease in individual patients. We identified an RNA transcript with sequence homology to TRPM8 (melastatin-related transient receptor potential member 8) that was overexpressed in tumor vs. patient-matched non-tumor prostate tissues by RT-PCR differential display (DD). Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed that TRPM8 levels were higher in tumor than in non-tumor tissue from 31 of 40 (>75%) patients examined. Overexpression of TRPM8 was independent of changes in androgen receptor (AR) mRNA levels in tumor tissue. However, in studies with established cell lines, TRPM8 expression was detectable only in AR-positive, but not in AR-negative cells, and it was suppressed by steroid deprivation or anti-androgen bicalutamide (Casodex) treatment, suggesting the requirement of AR activity for TRPM8 expression in prostate cancer cells. TRPM8 mRNA was also detected in body fluids of men. Most importantly, its levels were significantly higher (p<0.001, n=18) in urine and blood of patients with metastatic disease than in those of healthy men. However, there was no significant difference (p>0.05, n=10) in its levels between prostate cancer patients with localized disease and healthy men. Together, these studies demonstrate that TRPM8 expression is androgen regulated in prostate cancer cells and that, while tissue TRPM8 mRNA levels can be used for detection of prostate cancer, urine and blood TRPM8 mRNA levels may prove to be useful for distinguishing metastatic disease from clinically localized prostate cancer at the time of diagnosis.
    International Journal of Oncology 02/2010; 36(2):443-50. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Relapse of prostate cancer after androgen ablation therapy is hormone-refractory, with continued tumor growth being dependent on the androgen receptor (AR). E2F-1, a regulator of cell proliferation and viability, reportedly plays a role in the development of hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Thymoquinone is a component of Nigella sativa, an herb used for thousands of years for culinary and medicinal purposes in Asian and Middle Eastern countries and has been reported to have an antineoplastic effect both in vitro and in vivo. We observed that thymoquinone inhibited DNA synthesis, proliferation, and viability of cancerous (LNCaP, C4-B, DU145, and PC-3) but not noncancerous (BPH-1) prostate epithelial cells by down-regulating AR and E2F-1. In LNCaP cells, this was associated with a dramatic increase in p21(Cip1), p27(Kip1), and Bax. Thymoquinone blunted progression of synchronized LNCaP cells from G1 to S phase, with a concomitant decrease in AR and E2F-1 as well as the E2F-1-regulated proteins necessary for cell cycle progression. In a xenograft prostate tumor model, thymoquinone inhibited growth of C4-2B-derived tumors in nude mice. This in vivo suppression of tumor growth, as with C4-2B cell growth in culture, was associated with a dramatic decrease in AR, E2F-1, and cyclin A as determined by Western blot of tissue extracts. Tissue immunohistochemical staining confirmed a marked reduction in E2F-1 and showed induction of apoptosis on terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay. These findings show that thymoquinone suppresses the expression of AR and E2F-1 necessary for proliferation and viability of androgen-sensitive as well as androgen-independent prostate cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo and, moreover, produced no noticeable side effects in mice. We conclude that thymoquinone, a naturally occurring herbal product, may prove to be effective in treating hormone-sensitive as well as hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Furthermore, because of its selective effect on cancer cells, we believe that thymoquinone can also be used safely to help prevent the development of prostate cancer.
    Cancer Research 09/2007; 67(16):7782-8. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The advent of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) as a biomarker has enabled early detection of prostate cancer and, hence, improved clinical outcome. However, a low PSA is not a guarantee of disease-free status, and an elevated PSA is frequently associated with a negative biopsy. Therefore, our goal is to identify molecular markers that can detect prostate cancer with greater specificity in body fluids such as urine or blood. We used the RT-PCR differential display method to first identify mRNA transcripts differentially expressed in tumor vs. patient-matched nontumor prostate tissue. This analysis led to the identification of 44 mRNA transcripts that were expressed differentially in some but not all tumor specimens examined. To identify mRNA transcripts that are differentially expressed in most tumor specimens, we turned to differential display of pooled tissue samples, a technique we name averaged differential expression (ADE). We performed differential display of mRNA from patient-matched nontumor vs. tumor tissue, each pooled from 10 patients with various Gleason scores. Differentially expressed mRNA transcripts identified by ADE were fewer in number, but were expressed in a greater percentage of tumors (>75%) than those identified by differential display of mRNA from individual patient samples. Differential expression of these mRNA transcripts was also detected by RT-PCR in mRNA isolated from urine and blood samples of prostate cancer patients. Our findings demonstrate the principle that specific cDNA probes of frequently differentially expressed mRNA transcripts identified by ADE can be used for the detection of prostate cancer in urine and blood samples.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 02/2007; 104(7):2343-8. · 9.74 Impact Factor