Thomas Pfefferkorn

Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich, München, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (85)262.63 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score (pc-APECTS) applied to CT angiography source images (CTA-SI) predicts the functional outcome of patients in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS). We assessed the diagnostic and prognostic impact of pc-ASPECTS applied to perfusion CT (CTP) in the BASICS registry population. METHODS: We applied pc-ASPECTS to CTA-SI and cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), and mean transit time (MTT) parameter maps of BASICS patients with CTA and CTP studies performed. Hypoattenuation on CTA-SI, relative reduction in CBV or CBF, or relative increase in MTT were rated as abnormal. RESULTS: CTA and CTP were available in 27/592 BASICS patients (4.6%). The proportion of patients with any perfusion abnormality was highest for MTT (93%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 76%-99%), compared with 78% (58%-91%) for CTA-SI and CBF, and 46% (27%-67%) for CBV (P < .001). All 3 patients with a CBV pc-ASPECTS < 8 compared to 6/23 patients with a CBV pc-ASPECTS ≥ 8 had died at 1 month (RR 3.8; 95% CI, 1.9-7.6). CONCLUSION: CTP was performed in a minority of the BASICS registry population. Perfusion disturbances in the posterior circulation were most pronounced on MTT parameter maps. CBV pc-ASPECTS < 8 may indicate patients with high case fatality.
    Journal of Neuroimaging 06/2014; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple endovascular devices have been used for mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in basilar artery occlusion (BAO) for >10 years. Based on a single-center experience during the course of one decade, we present data on safety and efficacy of previous MT devices compared with modern stent retriever and suction thrombectomy. Eighty-one patients (29 women, 52 men, mean age 61.5 years, range 17-90) with angiographically confirmed BAO that had been treated by MT between 2001 and 2011 were retrospectively evaluated. Patients in group 1 (n = 60) had been treated between 2001 and 2008 with different devices available at that time. Patients in group 2 (n = 21) had been treated by modern stent retriever or local suction devices between 2008 and 2011. Recanalization rate, needle to recanalization time, procedure-related complications, and distal embolization of thrombotic material were recorded and compared. Recanalization rates of 95 % were high in both groups. Procedure-related dissection (n = 5) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (n = 9) occurred in group 1 but not in group 2 (p < 0.016). Needle-to-recanalization time was less than half in group 2 compared with group 1 (54.6 vs. 132.3 min, p < 0.01). Frequency of distal embolization was comparable in both groups (47 %). High recanalization rates have been achieved since the introduction of MT in BAO. However, modern stent retriever and suction devices allow for safer and more rapid recanalization compared with previous MT devices.
    CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology 01/2014; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our objectives were to evaluate rehabilitation outcome of aSAH survivors with severe disorders of consciousness (DOC) and to examine potential predictors of long-term outcome. Severe DOC includes patients in a vegetative state (VS) and in a minimally conscious state (MCS). This is a retrospective single-center cohort study of consecutive aSAH patients with severe and prolonged DOC upon admission to neurorehabilitation. Clinical assessments started right after discharge from ICU, a median of 26 days after the aSAH. Two different outcome criteria were used, one addressing the functional aspect (assessed by the Functional Independence Measure [FIM]) the other one addressing the level of consciousness ("behavioral outcome", assessed by the Coma Remission Scale [CRS]). Improved outcome was defined by an increase in FIM scores of at least 22 points (minimal clinically important difference) or by reaching a full score of 24 points on the CRS. Separate least square linear regression models were calculated to examine potential predictors for functional and behavioral outcome. Out of 63 patients, 19.0% and 39.7% of the patients achieved an improved functional and behavioral outcome, respectively. Age and level of consciousness upon admission to neurorehabilitation were independent prognostic factors for both outcome definitions. Both groups reached the better outcome category after a median of 11 and 9 weeks, respectively. In an individual patient, the longest delay to achievement of improved functional outcome was 30 weeks and to favorable behavioral outcome was 22 weeks after rehabilitation admission. About one-third of severely affected aSAH patients with DOC regained at least a favorable behavioral status during early neurorehabilitation. It is interesting to note that in our study population, the beginning of clinical improvement took up to 6 months after aSAH.
    Clinical neurology and neurosurgery 08/2013; · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Following mechanical recanalization of an acute intracranial vessel occlusion, hyperattenuated lesions are frequently found on postinterventional cranial CT. They represent either blood or-more frequently-enhancement of contrast agent. Here, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of these hyperattenuated intracerebral lesions.MATERIALS AND METHODS:One hundred one consecutive patients with acute stroke in the anterior circulation who underwent mechanical recanalization were included. Risk factors for hyperattenuated intracerebral lesions were assessed, and lesion volume was compared with the volume of final infarction. Clinical outcome and relative risk of secondary hemorrhage were determined in patients with and without any hyperattenuated lesions and compared.RESULTS:The frequency of hyperattenuated lesions was 84.2%. Risk factors for hyperattenuated lesions were female sex, higher NIHSS score on admission, and higher amount of contrast agent applied. On follow-up, 3 patients showed no infarction; 53 patients, an ischemic infarction; and 45 patients, a hemorrhagic infarction. In all except 1 case, final volume of infarction (median = 92.4 mL) exceeded the volume of hyperattenuated intracerebral lesions (median = 5.6 mL). Patients with hyperattenuated lesions were at a 4 times higher relative risk for hemorrhagic transformation but had no significantly worse clinical outcome.CONCLUSIONS:Our data show that the extent of postinterventional hyperattenuated intracerebral lesions underestimates the volume of final infarction. Although hyperattenuated lesions indicate a higher risk of secondary hemorrhagic transformation, their presence seems not to be of any prognostic value regarding clinical outcome.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 08/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To compare the use of an unenhanced high-resolution time-of-flight MR angiography sequence (Hr-TOF MRA) with fat-suppressed axial/coronal T1-weighted images and contrast-enhanced angiography (standard MRI) for the diagnosis of cervical artery dissection (cDISS). METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients (9 women, 11 men, aged 24-66 years) with proven cDISS on standard MRI underwent Hr-TOF MRA at 3.0 T using dedicated surface coils. Sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV), Cohen's kappa (к) and accuracy of Hr-TOF MRA were calculated using the standard protocol as the gold standard. Image quality and diagnostic confidence were assessed on a four-point scale. RESULTS: Image quality was rated better for standard MRI (P = 0.02), whereas diagnostic confidence did not differ significantly (P = 0.27). There was good agreement between Hr-TOF images and the standard protocol for the presence/absence of cDISS, with к = 0.95 for reader 1 and к = 0.89 for reader 2 (P < 0.001). This resulted in SE, SP, PPV, NPV and accuracy of 97 %, 98 %, 97 %, 98 % and 97 % for reader 1 and 93 %, 96 %, 93 %, 96 % and 95 % for reader 2. CONCLUSIONS: Hr-TOF MRA can be used to diagnose cDISS with excellent agreement compared with the standard protocol. This might be useful in patients with renal insufficiency or if contrast-enhanced MR angiography is of insufficient image quality. KEY POINTS: • New magnetic resonance angiography sequences are increasingly used for vertebral artery assessment. • A high-resolution time-of-flight sequence allows the diagnosis of cervical artery dissection. • This technique allows the diagnosis without intravenous contrast medium. • It could help in renal insufficiency or when contrast-enhanced MRA fails.
    European Radiology 06/2013; · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Primary objective: Decompressive craniectomy is an effective therapy to relieve intractable intracranial hypertension following acute brain injury. However, little is known about the optimal timing for cranioplasties in the sub-acute phase. The objective of the present study was to analyse the effect of cranioplasty timing on neurological outcomes. Research design: Single-centre observational study. Methods and procedures: One hundred and forty-seven consecutive patients with decompressive craniectomy and cranioplasty during the course of inpatient neurorehabilitation were identified by means of a retrospective hospital database search. This database contains the following prospectively-entered weekly scores: Barthel-Index (BI), Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and Coma Remission Scale (CRS). Additional clinical data were taken retrospectively from patient charts. Regression analysis was used to identify factors that influenced the end-of-rehabilitation outcome. Main outcomes and results: Patients with shorter delays to cranioplasty (<86 days) had a better functional outcome than patients with longer delays of >85 days (60 ± 29.5 versus 25 ± 24.1 BI points; p < 0.01, respectively). Age, pre-operative BI and CRS scores were additional independent outcome factors. Complication rates were not different between early and late cranioplasty groups. Conclusions: Patients with decompressive craniectomy for management of intracranial hypertension may benefit from early cranioplasty.
    Brain Injury 05/2013; · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The number of elderly patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is increasing with the aging of the population. However, management recommendations based on long-term outcome data and analyses of prognostic factors are scarce. Our study focused exclusively on elderly patients aged ≥60 years at the onset of SAH. Patients were selected from an in-house database and compared in cohorts of age 60-69, 70-79, and ≥80, regarding pre-existing medical conditions, treatment, clinical course including complications, and outcome. A multivariate analysis was conducted to identify prognostic factors for death and disability. A total of 256 patients (138 aged 60-69, 93 aged 70-79, 25 aged ≥80) with putative aneurysmal SAH who had been admitted to our hospital between January 1, 1996 and June 30, 2007 were extracted. The median follow-up of our total cohort was 35.5 months (range <1-154 months). Endovascular or conservative aneurysm treatment was applied more often with increasing age (p < 0.006). The 1-year survival rate was 78, 65, and 38 % in the three age groups, respectively (p = 0.0002); most of the patients died from the initial hemorrhage or from medical complications. Patients aged <70 with an initial World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) score of I-III showed the best clinical recovery. WFNS score, age, and clipping/coiling were extracted as prognostic factors from the Cox model. Elderly patients who get admitted with a good WFNS score (I-III) seem to benefit from aggressive treatment whereas caution seems to be warranted particularly in patients ≥70 years of age who get admitted in a WFNS score of IV and V because of their limited short- and long-term prognosis.
    Journal of Neurology 12/2012; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The frequent use of a longer time window for recanalization therapy in patients with basilar artery occlusion (BAO) in daily practice is not supported by any scientific evidence. We investigated the relationship between time to recanalization therapy and functional outcome in BAO with data from the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS). METHODS: BASICS is a prospective multicenter registry of patients (n=619) with radiologically confirmed BAO. We analyzed patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis or intra-arterial treatment. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on the interval between estimated time of BAO and start of recanalization therapy: ≤3 hours (n=134), >3 to ≤6 hours (n=151), >6 to ≤9 hours (n=56), and >9 hours (n=68). Primary outcome measure was poor functional outcome (modified Rankin scale score 4-6) after 1 month. We calculated adjusted risk ratios with 95% CIs using Poisson regression analyses with the ≤3 hours group as the reference group. RESULTS: Patients had an increased risk of poor functional outcome as time to recanalization therapy became longer (≤3 hours: 62%; >3 to ≤6 hours: 67% [adjusted risk ratio, 1.06; 0.91-1.25]; >6 to ≤9 hours: 77% [adjusted risk ratio, 1.26; 1.06-1.51]; >9 hours: 85% [adjusted risk ratio, 1.47; 1.26-1.72]). CONCLUSIONS: Early recanalization therapy in patients with BAO is associated with a more favorable outcome with a significant increased chance of a poor outcome when recanalization therapy is started >6 hours after estimated time of BAO.
    Stroke 09/2012; 43(11):3003-3006. · 6.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Single case reports suggest that black blood MRI (T1-weighted fat and blood suppressed sequences with and without contrast injection; BB-MRI) may visualize intracranial vessel wall contrast enhancement (CE) in primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS). In this single-center observational pilot study we prospectively investigated the value of BB-MRI in the diagnosis of large artery PACNS. METHODS: Patients with suspected large artery PACNS received a standardized diagnostic program including BB-MRI. Vessel wall CE was graded (grade 0-2) by two experienced readers blinded to clinical data and correlated to the final diagnosis. RESULTS: Four of 12 included patients received a final diagnosis of PACNS. All of them showed moderate (grade 1) to strong (grade 2) vessel wall CE at the sites of stenosis. A moderate (grade 1) vessel wall CE grade was also observed in 6 of the remaining 8 patients in whom alternative diagnoses were made: arteriosclerotic disease (n= 4), intracranial dissection (n= 1), and Moyamoya disease (n= 1). CONCLUSIONS: Our pilot study demonstrates that vessel wall CE is a frequent finding in PACNS and its mimics. Larger trials will be necessary to evaluate the utility of BB-MRI in the diagnostic workup of PACNS. J Neuroimaging 2012;XX:1-5.
    Journal of neuroimaging: official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging 08/2012; · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Supratentorial superficial siderosis (SS) is a frequent imaging marker of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). It is most probably caused by focal subarachnoid hemorrhages (fSAHs). Based on single-case observations, it has been proposed that such fSAHs might be a predisposing factor for future intracranial hemorrhage. Here we tested the hypothesis if a SS as a residue of fSAHs must be regarded as a warning sign for future intracranial hemorrhage. Fifty-one consecutive patients with SS and no apparent cause other than possible or probable CAA were identified through a database search and followed-up for a median interval of 35.3 months (range 6-120 months). Main outcome measures were rate and location of new intracranial hemorrhages. Twenty-four patients (47.1 %) had experienced any new intracranial hemorrhage, 18 patients (35.3 %) had an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and in 13 of them (25.5 %), the hemorrhage was located at the site of pre-existing siderosis. Six patients (11.7 %) had developed a new subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), four of them at the site of siderosis. Patients with SS are at substantial risk for subsequent intracranial hemorrhage. SS can be considered a warning sign of future ICH or SAH, which frequently occur adjacent to pre-existing SS. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings.
    Journal of Neurology 07/2012; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multimodal recanalization therapy in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion provides high recanalization rates. A substantial subset of treated patients survives with only minor or moderate functional handicap. However, long-term functional outcome and quality of life in these patients have rarely been systematically analyzed. In this monocentric retrospective study, we analyzed mortality, long-term functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale), and quality of life (36-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire) in all consecutive patients who had been treated for acute basilar artery occlusion in our institution between December 2002 and December 2009. Ninety-one patients (57 male; median age, 65 years; range, 20-89 years) were treated by multimodal recanalization therapy. This included intravenous thrombolysis (n=32) with consecutive on-demand intra-arterial therapy (n=23) or intra-arterial therapy alone (n=59). The overall recanalization rate was 89%. After a median observation time of 4.2 years (range, 0.5-7.4 years), the mortality rate was 59%. Among the 35 survivors, 26 patients (74%) had a good or moderate long-term functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale ≤3). Health-related quality of life was better than that of unselected patients with stroke. Backward stepwise logistic regression identified intravenous thrombolysis (P=0.002) and female sex (P=0.001) as predictors of favorable functional long-term outcome (modified Rankin Scale ≤3). Coma at admission (Glasgow Coma Scale ≤8) was associated with poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale ≥4; P=0.036). Long-term survival is achieved in approximately 40% of patients with basilar artery occlusion treated with multimodal recanalization therapy. Approximately 75% of the survivors have a favorable functional long-term outcome with an acceptable quality of life.
    Stroke 05/2012; 43(8):2130-5. · 6.16 Impact Factor
  • Clinical neurology and neurosurgery 03/2012; 114(8):1177-80. · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute occlusions of the large intracranial arteries are relatively resistant to intravenous thrombolysis. Therefore, multimodal approaches combining intravenous thrombolysis with endovascular mechanical recanalization are increasingly being applied. In this setting, intravenous thrombolysis may facilitate subsequent mechanical thrombectomy. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed the influence of intravenous thrombolysis on net intervention time in subsequent endovascular mechanical recanalization. In this retrospective single-center analysis, we compared net intervention time with and without preceding intravenous thrombolysis in patients treated by endovascular mechanical recanalization between 01/2003 and 06/2010. The net intervention time was defined as the interval between the onset of endovascular thrombus manipulation and successful vessel recanalization. We identified 65 eligible patients, 35 of whom were treated by intravenous thrombolysis before mechanical therapy. Recanalization was achieved in 26 patients with (74%) and 23 patients without preceding intravenous thrombolysis (77%). In the case of successful recanalization, the net intervention time was significantly shorter in patients with preceding intravenous thrombolysis (24·8 ± 22·8 vs. 44·2 ± 40·5 min; P<0·05). This difference remained significant after restricting the analysis to the patients treated by the Penumbra Stroke System(©) (n=32). After three-months, patients with preceding intravenous thrombolysis were more likely to be functionally independent (modified Rankin Scale≤2) than those without (P<0·05). Our findings suggest that preceding intravenous thrombolysis may reduce the intervention time in patients treated by endovascular mechanical recanalization. However, due to the retrospective design of our study, these findings have to be interpreted with caution and need confirmation in a larger patient population.
    International Journal of Stroke 01/2012; 7(1):14-8. · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Treatment of acute stroke by endovascular mechanical recanalisation (EMR) has shown promising results and continues to be further refined. We evaluated the impact of a temporary stent compared with our results using other mechanical devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed clinical and radiological data of all patients who were treated by EMR after intravenous thrombolysis for acute carotid T- and middle-cerebral artery (M1) occlusions at our centre between 2007 and 2011. A comparison was performed between those patients in whom solely the stent-retriever was applied (group S) and those treated with other devices (group C). RESULTS: We identified 14 patients for group S and 16 patients for group C. Mean age, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score, and time to treatment were 67.1 years and 16.5 and 4.0 h for group S and 61.1 years and 17.6 and 4.5 h for group C, respectively. Successful recanalisation (thrombolysis in cerebral infarction scores ≥IIb) was achieved in 93% of patients in group S and 56% of patients in group C (P < 0.05). Mean recanalisation times for M1 occlusions were 23 min (group S) and 29 min (group C) and for carotid-T occlusions were 39 min (group S) and 50 min (group C), and 45% of the patients in group S and 33% in group C had a favourable outcome (Modified Rankin Scale score ≤2). CONCLUSION: The findings suggest an improvement in recanalisation success by the application of a temporary stent compared with previously used devices. These results are to be confirmed by larger studies.
    CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology 12/2011; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previously proposed classifications for carotid plaque and cerebral parenchymal hemorrhages are used to estimate the age of hematoma according to its signal intensities on T1w and T2w MR images. Using these classifications, we systematically investigated the value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in determining the age of vessel wall hematoma (VWH) in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD). 35 consecutive patients (mean age 43.6 ± 9.8 years) with sCAD received a cervical multi-sequence 3T CMR with fat-saturated black-blood T1w-, T2w- and TOF images. Age of sCAD was defined as time between onset of symptoms (stroke, TIA or Horner's syndrome) and the CMR scan. VWH were categorized into hyperacute, acute, early subacute, late subacute and chronic based on their signal intensities on T1w- and T2w images. The mean age of sCAD was 2.0, 5.8, 15.7 and 58.7 days in patients with acute, early subacute, late subacute and chronic VWH as classified by CMR (p < 0.001 for trend). Agreement was moderate between VWH types in our study and the previously proposed time scheme of signal evolution for cerebral hemorrhage, Cohen's kappa 0.43 (p < 0.001). There was a strong agreement of CMR VWH classification compared to the time scheme which was proposed for carotid intraplaque hematomas with Cohen's kappa of 0.74 (p < 0.001). Signal intensities of VWH in sCAD vary over time and multi-sequence CMR can help to determine the age of an arterial dissection. Furthermore, findings of this study suggest that the time course of carotid hematomas differs from that of cerebral hematomas.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 11/2011; 13:76. · 4.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intracranial vascular complications are an important complication of acute bacterial meningitis. Ischemic stroke in meningitis is reported as a result of vasculitis, vasospasm, endocarditis or intraarterial thrombosis. The aim of the study was to identify the value of measuring cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv) on transracranial doppler (TCD) in the identification of patients at risk for meningitis-associated stroke. We retrospectively studied patients with acute bacterial meningitis who were treated in our university hospital from 2000 to 2009. Data were analyzed with the main focus on the incidence of an increase of CBFv on TCD, defined as peak systolic values above 150 cm/s, and the development of stroke. In total, 114 patients with acute bacterial meningitis were treated, 94 of them received routine TCD studies during their hospital stay. 41/94 patients had elevated CBFv values. This increase was associated with an increased risk of stroke (odds ratio (95% confidence intervall) = 9.15 (1.96-42.67); p < 0.001) and unfavorable outcome (Glasgow Outcome Score < 4; odds ratio (95% confidence intervall) = 2.93 (1.23-6.98); p = 0.018). 11/32 (34.4%) patients with an increase of CBFv who received nimodipine and 2/9 (22.2%) patients with an increase of CBFv who did not receive nimodipine developed stroke (p = 0.69). In summary, TCD was found to be a valuable bedside test to detect arterial alterations in patients with bacterial meningitis. These patients have an increased risk of stroke.
    Critical care (London, England) 11/2011; 15(6):R281. · 4.72 Impact Factor
  • Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 11/2011; 30(11):1601-3. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether crossed legs are a prognostic marker in patients with severe stroke. In this controlled prospective observational study, we observed patients with severe stroke who crossed their legs during their hospital stay and matched them with randomly selected severe stroke patients who did not cross their legs. The patients were evaluated upon admission, on the day of leg crossing, upon discharge, and at 1 year after discharge. The Glasgow Coma Scale, the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS), the modified Rankin Scale (mRS), and the Barthel Index (BI) were obtained. Patients who crossed their legs (n = 34) and matched controls (n = 34) did not differ in any scale upon admission. At the time of discharge, the GCS did not differ, but the NIHSS was better in crossed legs patients (6.5 vs 10.6; p = 0.0026), as was the mRS (3.4 vs 5.1, p < 0.001), and the BI (34.0 vs 21.1; p = 0.0073). At 1-year follow-up, mRS (2.9 vs 5.1, p < 0.001) and the BI (71.3 vs 49.2; p = 0.045) were also better in the crossed leg group. The mortality between the groups differed grossly; only 1 patient died in the crossing group compared to 18 in the noncrossing group (p < 0.001). Leg crossing is an easily obtained clinical sign and is independent of additional technical examinations. Leg crossing within the first 15 days after severe stroke indicates a favorable outcome which includes less neurologic deficits, better independence in daily life, and lower rates of death.
    Neurology 10/2011; 77(15):1453-6. · 8.25 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Neurology 10/2011; 259(4):773-4. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The posterior circulation Acute Stroke Prognosis Early CT Score (pc-ASPECTS) quantifies the extent of early ischemic changes in the posterior circulation with a 10-point grading system. We hypothesized that pc-ASPECTS applied to CT angiography source images predicts functional outcome of patients in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS). BASICS was a prospective, observational registry of consecutive patients with acute symptomatic basilar artery occlusion. Functional outcome was assessed at 1 month. We applied pc-ASPECTS to CT angiography source images of patients with CT angiography for confirmation of basilar artery occlusion. We calculated unadjusted and adjusted risk ratios (RRs) of pc-ASPECTS dichotomized at ≥8 versus <8. Primary outcome measure was favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale scores 0-3). Secondary outcome measures were mortality and functional independence (modified Rankin Scale scores 0-2). Of 158 patients included, 78 patients had a CT angiography source images pc-ASPECTS≥8. Patients with a pc-ASPECTS≥8 more often had a favorable outcome than patients with a pc-ASPECTS<8 (crude RR, 1.7; 95% CI, 0.98-3.0). After adjustment for age, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and thrombolysis, pc-ASPECTS≥8 was not related to favorable outcome (RR, 1.3; 95% CI, 0.8-2.2), but it was related to reduced mortality (RR, 0.7; 95% CI, 0.5-0.98) and functional independence (RR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.1-3.8). In post hoc analysis, pc-ASPECTS dichotomized at ≥6 versus <6 predicted a favorable outcome (adjusted RR, 3.1; 95% CI, 1.2-7.5). pc-ASPECTS on CT angiography source images independently predicted death and functional independence at 1 month in the CT angiography subgroup of patients in the BASICS registry.
    Stroke 09/2011; 42(12):3454-9. · 6.16 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

676 Citations
262.63 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2013
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • • Department of Clinical Radiology
      • • Department of Neurology
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2010–2011
    • Technische Universität München
      • Institute of Radiology
      München, Bavaria, Germany
    • University of Vienna
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • 2003
    • University of New Mexico
      • Department of Neurology
      Albuquerque, NM, United States
  • 2002
    • University Hospital München
      München, Bavaria, Germany