Kazuro Miyahara

Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obibiro, Hokkaidō, Japan

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Publications (27)41.89 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To clarify the different characteristics of the dominant follicle (DF), the DF in first ovarian follicular wave (DF-1) after spontaneous ovulation and DF in second follicular wave (DF-2) and after induced ovulation of the first-wave DF by GnRH were examined in non-lactating Holstein cows. Follicular maturation of DF-1 and DF-2 were induced by PGF2α and GnRH treatment on Day 6 and 8 (Day 0 = Day of follicular wave emergence), respectively. Follicular growth and blood flow (BF) in the follicular wall of DF-1 and DF-2 were examined. To analyze sex steroids in follicular fluid (FF) and amount of mRNA in granulosa cells, DF-1 and DF-2 were aspirated on Day 8 or 9 in different estrous cycle. Diameter in DF-1 was larger than DF-2 on Day 8 and 9. From Day 8 to 9, BF area (BFA) and percentage of the follicular wall with BF, which represents the degree of distribution of BF, increased in DF-1 but not in DF-2. BFA per length of follicle circumference with BF, which represents the thickness of BF, was not different between DF-1 and DF-2. Concentrations of 17β-estradiol (E2) in plasma, E2 and androstendione in FF and amounts of LH receptor mRNA were greater in the DF-1 on Day 8. Gene expression for steroidogenesis, prostaglandin synthesis and angiogenesis did not differ between DF-1 and DF-2. These results indicated that DF-1 were more active than DF-2 in growth, BF supply and steroidogenesis. The greater BFA observed in the DF-1 may be derived from as a result of the greater vascularity in the follicular wall.
    Animal reproduction science 03/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2014.01.003 · 1.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A nine-month-old steer was autopsied due to recurrent ruminal tympany. A macroscopic examination found an enlarged caudal mediastinal lymph node, and the section of the lymph node presented as necrosis with marked calcification, similar to tuberculous lymphadenitis. Histopathologically the lesion consisted of multiple coagulative necrotic foci and fibrosis with macrophage, lymphocyte, eosinophil and multinucleated giant cell infiltration. Non-uniform width hyphae were detected in the necrotic area and within the cytoplasm of the multinucleated giant cells, and they were found to be anti-Rhizopus arrhizus antibody positive in an immunohistochemical examination. Therefore, the steer was diagnosed with necrotic caudal mediastinal lymphadenitis due to zygomycetes infection, and inhibition of eructation by the enlarged lymph node was the likely cause of the ruminal tympany.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 09/2013; DOI:10.1292/jvms.13-0084 · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To obtain B-mode ultrasound images of mammary glands in dairy heifers at different stages of growth, 25 clinically normal Holstein heifers were used. The heifers were divided into 5 groups (n=5/group) by stage of their growth: 2-month-old (group 1), 5-month-old (group 2), postpuberty (group 3), mid (group 4), and late (group 5) pregnancy. Furthermore, the sections of mammary glands were observed grossly at postmortem examination in one heifer in each group. Ultrasound images varied with the development of mammary glands. In group 1, the mammary glands had distinctive ultrasonographic findings: an oval to fusiform homogeneous hypoechoic structure. In all groups except group 1, mammary tissue consists of two major areas: a homogeneous, medium echogenic area and a poorly-defined, heterogeneous, hypoechoic area mostly in the superficial part. The superficial hypoechoic area spread more extensively and more irregularly with the development of mammary glands. Most pregnant heifers had irregular and extremely hypoechoic or anechoic areas like lactiferous sinus in the glands. The gross findings of mammary glands suggested that the hypoechoic areas of various shapes represented the lactiferous sinus and ducts. Thus, these results indicate that B-mode ultrasound imaging can visualize the internal structures of udders and could be a useful tool for evaluation of mammary glands in heifers.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 01/2011; 73(1):19-24. DOI:10.1292/jvms.09-0503 · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Biology of Reproduction 10/2010; · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs) such as in vitro fertilization, embryo transfer, and cryopreservation of gametes have contributed considerably to the development of biomedical sciences in addition to improving infertility treatments in humans as well as the breeding of domestic animals. However, ARTs used in canine species have strictly limited utility when compared with other mammalian species, including humans. Although successful somatic cell cloning has been reported, artificial insemination by frozen semen to date is only available for the improved breeding and reproduction for companion and working dogs as well as guide dogs for the blind. We describe here the successful cryopreservation of embryos and subsequent embryo transfer in dogs. Canine embryos were collected from excised reproductive organs after artificial insemination and subsequently cryopreserved by a vitrification method. When the 4-cell to morula stage of cryopreserved embryos were nonsurgically transferred into the uteri of nine recipient bitches using a cystoscope, five recipients became pregnant and four of them delivered a total of seven pups. The cryopreservation of embryos in canine species will facilitate the transportation and storage of genetic materials and will aid in the elimination of vertically transmitted diseases in dogs. In addition, this technique will contribute to the improved breeding of companion and working dogs such as guide dogs, drug-detecting dogs, and quarantine dogs.
    Biology of Reproduction 10/2010; 84(2):363-8. DOI:10.1095/biolreprod.110.087312 · 3.45 Impact Factor
  • Veterinary Radiology &amp Ultrasound 05/2009; 50(3):301-3. DOI:10.1111/j.1740-8261.2009.01538.x · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this report, we described the clinical and pathological features of two dairy cows showing clinical signs of congestive heart failure. Case 1,a 2-year-old Holstein, showed anorexia, subcutaneous edema of the brisket, and bilateral jugular vein distension. Electrocardiograms showed decreased amplitude of the QRS complex. Echocardiography revealed markedly dilated cardiac chambers and poor left ventricular contractility. The clinical diagnosis based on these observations was dilated cardiomyopathy. Necropsy revealed thin ventricular free walls, and dilation of atrial and ventricular chambers. Microscopic examination of the heart showed enlargement, and vacuolar degeneration of myocytes and interstitial fibrosis, which coincided with the lesions of dilated cardiomyopathy, and this confirmed the diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy. Case 2,a 3-year-old Holstein, showed anorexia, subcutaneous edema of the brisket, and bilateral jugular vein distension. Echocardiography revealed left ventricular dilation, increased aortic root diameter, right ventricular diastolic insufficiency arising from myocardial effusion, and lack of coaptation of the aortic valve cusps. Pathological examination of the heart showed left ventricular dilation, increased aortic root diameter, and thickening of the cusps of the aortic valve associated with myxomatous degeneration. The clinical diagnosis based on these observations was aortic valve insufficiency.
    01/2008; 31(3):148-153. DOI:10.4190/jjvc.31.148
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    ABSTRACT: DNA from 111 ticks collected by flagging in Tokachi district, Eastern Hokkaido, Japan were examined for infection with Rickettsia and Ehrlichia, by PCR and sequencing methodology. For Rickettsia, analysis of the partial sequence of the citrate synthase gene was successfully performed on 11 DNA samples from I. persulcatus, and 7 of them showed 99.8% identical with Rickettsia helvetica while the other 4 showed 99.8% identical with ;Candidatus Rickettsia tarasevichiae'. For Ehrlichia, a partial sequence of the 16S rRNA gene detected from I. persulcatus was 100% identical with that from Ehrlichia muris, and another DNA sample from I. ovatus showed 99.8% identical with Ehrlichia species detected from I. ovatus. The results suggest that the pathogens detected here might be distributed in this area.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 07/2007; 69(6):661-4. DOI:10.1292/jvms.69.661 · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tick DNA samples from cattle in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Area, China, were examined for Rickettsia infection by citrate synthase gene-based PCR and sequencing. Four positive samples were detected from Haemaphysalis danieli and high levels of similarity were found with recently detected 'Candidatus Rickettsia principis.'
    Veterinary Parasitology 04/2007; 144(1-2):184-7. DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2006.09.019 · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To quantify the radiographic parameters of the caudal vena cava (CVC) in healthy cattle and demonstrate their clinical usefulness, the present study compared the ratios of the diameter of the thoracic CVC to the diameter of the aorta (Ao) and length of the thoracic vertebrae (VL), which are all positioned in the same intercostal space, in 81 healthy control cattle (43 growing, 38 adult) and 10 cattle with heart disease. The average diameter of the CVC (CVCave) was correlated with the size of the Ao and VL in the control cows. Although the diameter and pulsation index of the CVC differed significantly between the growing and adult cows, the ratios of CVC/Ao and CVC/VL were fixed values for both the growing and mature cattle. However, in the cattle with heart disease, the pulsation index of the CVC was significantly lower or there was absence of pulsation due to a dilated CVC, and the ratio of CVCave/Ao and CVCave/VL were significantly higher than those in the healthy cattle.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 10/2006; 68(9):995-8. DOI:10.1292/jvms.68.995 · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cryopreservation of ovarian tissues is a technology with significant potential for the preservation of the genetic resource materials of working dogs, including guide dogs for the blind. However, no attempt has been reported on cryopreservation of the canine ovary. Thus, we evaluated a vitrification method for cryopreservation of canine ovaries and determined the potential functionality of vitrified-warmed canine ovaries by means of transplantation into non-obese diabetic-severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD-SCID) mice. All ovarian tissues cryopreserved by vitrification were morphologically normal in terms of histology. Cryopreserved ovaries were transplanted into the ovarian bursa of the NOD-SCID mice, and the xenografts were recovered from 23 of 23 mice (100%) 4 weeks after the operation. The transplanted canine tissue was tightly adhered to the mouse ovary. Although antral follicle formation did not occur after grafting, proliferating cell nuclear antigen immunoreactivity was detectable in many of the granulosa cells in the primary follicles of the grafts. These results indicate that cryopreservation of the canine ovary by vitrification appears to have the potential to restore endocrine function and ovulation potential.
    Journal of Reproduction and Development 05/2006; 52(2):293-9. DOI:10.1262/jrd.17080 · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    The Veterinary record 06/2005; 156(20):652-3. DOI:10.1136/vr.156.20.652 · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A high prevalence of larval Echinococcus multilocularis (Em) infection was found in zoo primates in Hokkaido, Japan. In October 1997, a Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata) died and histopathologically diagnosed as alveolar hydatidosis. Serum samples were collected from the remaining Japanese monkeys and examined for antibodies against Em by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and western blotting. Serological tests showed 12 more animals of the remaining 57 monkeys were possibly infected. Ultrasonography revealed that nine of these 12 animals had a cystic lesion in the liver. The band patterns of western blotting in the monkeys were very similar to those in human.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 02/2005; 67(1):133-5. DOI:10.1292/jvms.67.133 · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This report deals with the pathology and genetic basis of dilated cardiomyopathy in 10 Holstein-Friesian cows aged 3-6 years, a disease similar to that reported in Simmental-Red Holstein and Holstein-Friesian cattle in several other countries. The main clinical signs were associated with systemic circulatory failure, and at necropsy the animals showed cardiomegaly, severe congestion and fibrosis of the liver, and systemic cardiac oedema. Histologically, hypertrophy and vacuolation of the cardiac muscle fibres and severe fibrosis were noted. Electron microscopically, the sarcoplasm of the hypertrophic fibres was seen to be filled with fine structures of low electron-density, together with thin filamentous material, suggesting myofibrillar lysis. The mitochondria showed increased size, an abnormal cristae pattern and vacuolation due to partial loss of cristae. Pedigree analysis of the affected cattle indicated an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. The family line of this cardiomyopathy overlapped with that of hereditary myopathy of the diaphragmatic muscles in Holstein-Friesian cattle, the pathological aspects and inheritance mode of which were reported previously. The available evidence suggested a genetic association between these two pathologically distinct diseases.
    Journal of Comparative Pathology 08/2001; 125(2-3):159-65. DOI:10.1053/jcpa.2001.0494 · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chondroitinase ABC (C-ABC) is expected to be a novel agent for chemonucleolysis. The effect of C-ABC was investigated by magnetic resonance (MR) and radiograph. C-ABC was administered into the lumbar intervertebral disks on the clinically normal beagles (n=5), in a dose of 50 microl (12.5 units as C-ABC). MR scans were performed pre-dose, and 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days after administration of C-ABC, and the signal intensity (SI) of the nucleus pulposus was measured. Radiographs were taken pre-dose, and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14 and 28 days post-dose, to evaluate narrowing of the disk space in terms of height index (HI). In addition, the quantity of the chondroitin sulfate (CS) and the hyaluronic acid (HA) in the nucleus pulposus were measured by high performance liquid chromatography on day 28 after dosing. SI and HI continuously decreased, following the injection to 37.1% and 78.9% of the pre-dose values, respectively. Statistically significant differences (p<0.01) were observed between the C-ABC group and the control group in the respects on day 1 post-dose. CS and HA contents of the nucleus pulposus were noted to be significantly decreased on day 28 (p<0.01) in the treated group. This agent proved to degenerate proteoglycans in the nucleus pulposus, thus progressively reducing the interdiskal pressure from day 1 post-dose onwards. It is concluded that C-ABC is expected to afford its efficacy from early in the course of chemonucleolysis.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 05/2001; 63(5):521-5. DOI:10.1292/jvms.63.521 · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The usefulness of magnetic resonance (MR) is already established, but it has a disadvantage of requiring a long scanning time. A short-time examination is more or less needed so as to be more practical in veterinary clinics. A protocol of the short-time MR examination was devised based on parameters determined, and validity of the protocol was assessed through the diagnosis of clinical cases with intervertebral disc diseases. With this protocol, it was possible to complete an MR examination for the spine within 15 min. The MR images and myelographic findings were correlated well in this study, suggesting the short-time protocol of MR examination can be used in the clinical diagnosis of spinal diseases.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 02/2001; 63(1):51-4. DOI:10.1292/jvms.63.51 · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 6-year-old female mongrel dog weighing 9.0 kg was presented ananastatic, with clouding of consciousness, bilateral loss of hearing and depressed reactivity of the eyes to light. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination showed that the calvaria was markedly thickened with compression to the cerebrum and cerebellum. The case of a dog with thickened calvaria with compression of the cerebrum and cerebellum which could not be diagnosed by conventional measures was amenable to diagnosis by MRI. With increased application of MRI examination, such canine cases might increase in number.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 10/1999; 61(9):1055-7. DOI:10.1292/jvms.61.1055 · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously reported a pathological investigation of peripheral neuropathy in a horse with knuckling. This report describes details of the muscle and peripheral nerve lesions in two additional cases of light horse yearlings with knuckling. The skeletal muscles showed neurogenic atrophy characterized by scattered single angular fibers, fiber grouping, and fiber-type grouping. The severity of muscle lesions increased distally; that is, both fore- and hindleg muscles were affected more severely than cervical and dorsal muscles. In the peripheral nervous system, a number of Renaut bodies appeared to be common in the nerve fascicles. Pathological alterations indicating demyelination, remyelination and regeneration of nerve fibers were occasionally observed. The most common abnormality was myelin ovoids or myelin debris infiltrated by macrophages. Occasionally, myelinated axons were seen containing accumulations of organelles, often associated with buckling of the myelin. The myelin sheath occasionally formed axonal outpouching containing accumulations of mitochondria and dense lamellar bodies. Histochemically, intramuscular nerve fibers presented multiple arborization and collateral ramification, indicating relapsing denervation and reinnervation. Also seen were the fibers with myelin balloons or swollen segments considered as being degenerative processes. The distribution patterns of muscular lesions in the affected animals were indicative of systemic distal denervation atrophy. In addition, peripheral nervous lesions that selectively involve the distal parts of axons and an absence of abnormalities in neuronal cell bodies in the spinal cord suggest a dying-back neuropathy. It was concluded that this disease should be classified as a distal axonopathy.
    Acta Neuropathologica 11/1998; 96(4):431-7. DOI:10.1007/s004010050916 · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The image processing procedure has become widely applied as a visual aid in imaging diagnosis. The subtraction image of MRI obtained by digitally subtracting an unenhanced image from a contrast-enhanced image, depicted a discrete distribution of the contrast agent. Subtraction images in the clinical cases were compared. The subtraction image in a case of chondroma demonstrated a relatively uniform distribution of a contrast agent, with a well delineated neoplastic lesion. The subtraction image in a case of squamous cell carcinoma, the contrast agent was distributed heterogeneously in the carcinoma and well permeated into the muscle. Different patterns of subtraction image were obtained in the clinical cases of chondroma and squamous cell carcinoma in this study. The findings suggest the potential usefulness of the subtraction image for diagnosing the degree of malignancy.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 11/1998; 60(10):1149-51. DOI:10.1292/jvms.60.1149 · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical application of MRI of a cat case of traffic accident was examined. On admission, the animal was unconscious and remained so for 2 days. Radiographs disclosed a fracture in the parietal bone. From the temporary unconscious status and the fracture, cerebral damage was suspected and an MRI examination was performed. The contrecoup injury in the cat case of traffic accident which could not be diagnosed by radiography was diagnosed by MRI examination.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 06/1998; 60(5):647-9. DOI:10.1292/jvms.60.647 · 0.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

134 Citations
41.89 Total Impact Points


  • 1998–2014
    • Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
      • • Department of Clinical Veterinary Science
      • • Animal Medical Center
      • • School of Veterinary Medicine
      Obibiro, Hokkaidō, Japan
  • 2011
    • Gifu University
      Gihu, Gifu, Japan
  • 2001
    • Rakuno Gakuen University
      • Department of Veterinary Medicine
      Ebetsu, Hokkaidō, Japan
  • 1997
    • Verts Animal Hospital
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan