P Cattani

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Milano, Lombardy, Italy

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Publications (69)225.33 Total impact

  • Digestive and Liver Disease 02/2015; 47:e57. DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2015.01.124 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anti-nuclear antibodies are immunoglobulins directed against nuclear antigens. They are associated with many autoimmune disorders, but are frequently found in patients infected with hepatitis C virus, possibly indicating an underlying common origin. Likewise, mixed cryoglobulinemia often accompanies autoimmune diseases and hepatitis C infection. To compare anti-nuclear antibodies and immunoglobulin content of cryoprecipitates from hepatitis C virus-positive patients in order to assess their predictive value in the onset of hepatitis C virus-driven extrahepatic disorders. Serum from 40 hepatitis C virus-positive patients and 50 controls with rheumatoid arthritis was processed for cryoglobulin detection: all subjects presented with Type III mixed cryoglobulinemia. Immunoglobulin content and immunoglobulin subclasses of cryoprecipitates were assessed by immunofixation and tested by ELISA for rheumatoid factor. Cryoprecipitates were also analysed for anti-nuclear antibodies by indirect immuno-fluorescence to identify specific patterns typical of each condition. Anti-nuclear antibody patterns differed significantly; 26 infected subjects (65%) were IgG3 positive: of these, 25 were also anti-nuclear antibody-positive (96.1%). IgG3 are autoreactive clones unrelated to viral recognition and possibly involved in autoimmune disorders. Altogether, these results may represent useful diagnostic device for early detection of hepatitis C virus-induced autoimmune diseases. Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 10/2014; 47(1). DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2014.09.010 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leukotrienes (LTs), including cysteinyl-LTs (LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4) and LTB4, are potent inflammatory lipid mediators which have been involved in the pathophysiology of respiratory disease. LC-MS/MS techniques for measuring LT concentrations in sputum supernatants, serum, urine and exhaled breath condensate (EBC) have been developed. In asthmatic adults, reported LTB4 and LTE4 concentrations in sputum range from 79 to 7220 pg/ml and from 11.9 to 891 pg/ml, respectively. Data on sputum LT concentrations in healthy subjects are not available. In EBC, reported LTE4 concentrations range from 38 to 126 pg/ml (95% CI) in adult asthma patients and from 34 to 48 pg/ml in healthy subjects. LTB4 concentrations in EBC range from 175 to 315 pg/ml (interquartile range) in in asthmatic children, and from 25 to 245 pg/ml in healthy children. Enabling an accurate quantitative assessment of LTs in biological fluids, LC-MS/MS techniques provide a valuable tool for exploring the pathophysiological role of LTs in respiratory disease and might be useful for assessing the effects of therapeutic intervention. This review presents the analytical aspects of the LC-MS/MS techniques for measuring LT concentrations in biological fluids and discusses their potential utility for the assessment of airway inflammation and monitoring of pharmacological treatment in patients with asthma phenotypes and other respiratory diseases.
    Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 08/2014; 964. DOI:10.1016/j.jchromb.2014.02.059 · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives Our purpose was to investigate prevalence, incidence and risk factors of anal high risk-HPV infections and cytological abnormalities in HIV-positive individuals. Methods A cohort of consecutively enrolled HIV-positive patients underwent, at baseline visit, a sexual behaviors questionnaire, anoscopy, HPV testing and cytological examination. Hybridization and multiplex-PCR were used for DNA detection and typing; HPV E6-E7 mRNA expression was analyzed in HR-HPV+ patients. Logistic regression was used to assess predictors of HR-HPV infection and anal dysplasia. Results 233 HIV-infected patients were enrolled (81% males, median age 44 years). HR-HPV was detected in 144 anal swabs and showed a positive association with CDC stage C and a negative association with a higher CD4 count and the use of a NNRTI-based antiretroviral regimen. HR-HPV DNA detection and anal warts at baseline were associated to cytological abnormalities; a detectable HIV-RNA independently predicted new onset anal dysplasia at follow-up (incidence 15.4 per 100 patients-year). Incidence of new HR-HPV infection was 44.2 per 100 patients-year. Conclusions The relevance of screening for anal dysplasia in HIV+ patients is emphasized, especially in those with detectable plasma HIV-RNA, anal HR-HPV infection or compromised immunological status.
    Journal of Infection 08/2014; 70(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jinf.2014.07.025 · 4.44 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Crohn s and Colitis 02/2014; 8:S285. DOI:10.1016/S1873-9946(14)60641-3 · 6.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction We evaluated the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) DNA in the synovial tissue through synovial biopsy and in other compartments of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in comparison with patients affected by other arthritides. Possible links with clinical, immunologic and genetic features were assessed. Methods Peripheral blood (PB), sub-gingival dental plaque, synovial fluid (SF) and synovial tissue samples were collected from 69 patients with active knee arthritis (32 with RA and 37 with other arthritides, of which 14 had undifferentiated peripheral inflammatory arthritis - UPIA). Demographic, clinical, laboratory and immunological data were recorded. The presence of Pg DNA was evaluated through PCR. The HLA-DR haplotype was assessed for 45 patients with RA and UPIA. Results No differences arose in the positivity for Pg DNA in the sub-gingival plaque, PB and SF samples between RA and the cohort of other arthritides. Full PB samples showed a higher positivity for Pg DNA than plasma samples (11.8% vs. 1.5%, P = 0.04). Patients with RA showed a higher positivity for Pg DNA in the synovial tissue compared to controls (33.3% vs. 5.9%, P <0.01). UPIA and RA patients carrying the HLA DRB1*04 allele showed a higher positivity for Pg DNA in the synovial tissue compared to patients negative for the allele (57.1% vs. 16.7%, P = 0.04). RA patients positive for Pg DNA in the sub-gingival plaque had a lower disease duration and a higher peripheral blood leucocyte and neutrophil count. The presence of Pg DNA did not influence disease activity, disease disability or positivity for autoantibodies. Conclusions The presence of Pg DNA in the synovial tissue of RA patients suggests a pathogenic role of the bacterium. The higher positivity of Pg DNA in full peripheral blood and synovial tissue samples compared to plasma and synovial fluid suggests a possible intracellular localization of Pg, in particular in patients positive for HLA-DR4.
    Arthritis research & therapy 06/2013; 15(3):R66. DOI:10.1186/ar4243 · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Electronic noses (e-noses), artificial sensor systems generally consisting of chemical sensor arrays for the detection of volatile compound profiles, have potential applications in respiratory medicine. We assessed within-day and between-day repeatability of an e-nose made from 32 sensors in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We also compared between-day repeatability of an e-nose, fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FNO) and pulmonary function testing. Within-day and between-day repeatability for the e-nose was assessed in two breath samples collected 30 min and seven days apart, respectively. Repeatability was expressed as an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). All sensors had ICC above 0.5, a value that is considered acceptable for repeatability. Regarding within-day repeatability, ICC ranged from 0.75 to 0.84 (mean = 0.80 ± 0.004). Sensors 6 and 19 were the most reproducible sensors (both, ICC = 0.84). Regarding between-day repeatability, ICC ranged from 0.57 to 0.76 (mean = 0.68 ± 0.01). Sensor 19 was the most reproducible sensor (ICC = 0.76). Within-day e-nose repeatability was greater than between-day repeatability (P < 0.0001). Between-day repeatability of FNO (ICC = 0.91) and spirometry (ICC range = 0.94-0.98) was greater than that of e-nose (mean ICC = 0.68). In patients with stable COPD, the e-nose used in this study has acceptable within-day and between-day repeatability which varies between different sensors.
    Journal of Breath Research 03/2013; 7(1):017103. DOI:10.1088/1752-7155/7/1/017103 · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    Bone marrow transplantation 02/2012; 47(9):1262. DOI:10.1038/bmt.2012.11 · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between antiretroviral pharmacokinetic exposure and acquisition of human immunodeficency virus-1 (HIV-1) drug resistance mutations (DRM) is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether antiretroviral plasma concentration could predict the emergence of DRM at treatment failure. The study cohort comprised retrospectively selected patients with failing antiretroviral regimens for whom a protease inhibitor (PI) or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) trough concentration measurement (TDM) had been obtained before failure, a genotypic resistance test (GRT1) had been performed before the TDM, and a genotypic resistance test (GRT2) had been performed at therapeutic failure. Drug levels were classified as undetectable/detectable or subtherapeutic/therapeutic according to limits of quantification of a high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet assay or pre-defined efficacy thresholds, respectively. The number of DRM acquired at treatment failure was evaluated by comparing the results of the GRT2 and GRT1. A total of ten and 57 failure episodes occurred among our patients on NNRTI-based and PI-based regimens, respectively, and included in the evaluation. PI concentration was subtherapeutic in 28.1% of patients, among which the levels were undetectable in 21.1%. Twenty-five (43.9%) patients acquired at least one new PI-DRM according to the GRT2. Patients with undetectable PI levels showed a lower emergence of PI-DRM (minor + major) than those with detectable levels (8.3 vs. 53.3%, p = 0.007). Multivariate analysis confirmed that undetectable PI levels were independent negative predictors of DRM selection. NNRTI measurements were subtherapeutic in 2/10 (20%) patients. NNRTI-DRM were acquired by all patients regardless of NNRTI levels. A PI measurement showing undetectable drug levels prior to treatment failure predicted the lack of emergence of PI-DRM at failure. These results suggest that PI levels can help clinicians interpret the reasons for treatment failure and guide the type of interventions needed.
    Infection 08/2011; 39(6):563-9. DOI:10.1007/s15010-011-0183-8 · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The combinatorial phage display library approach to antibody repertoire cloning offers a powerful tool for the isolation of specific antibodies to defined target antigens. Panning strategy is often a very critical point for selecting antibody displayed on the surface of bacteriophages. Most selection strategies described to date have relied on the availability of purified and often recombinant antigen, providing the possibility to perform selections on a well defined antigen source. However, when the antigen is difficult to purify by means of laborious and time-consuming chromatography procedures, panning of phage antibody libraries has to be performed on complex antigen sources such as cell surfaces or tissue sections, or even by in vivo selection methods. This provides a series of technical and experimental complications. In the present work, we successfully generated a mouse monoclonal antibody fragment from a phage display library directed against protein E7 of HPV18 avoiding antigen purification as for immunizing mice as for antibody library selection. Our work demonstrates the feasibility of phage antibody selections on antigens transferred to a nitrocellulose membrane as solid support, using one-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis system as the only practice to separate a given antigen present in bacterial crude cell lysate.
    The New Microbiologica: official journal of the Italian Society for Medical Virology (SIVIM) 07/2011; 34(3):281-6. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present article we report cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA localization in the inner ear of a 15-month-old deaf boy 1 month after a virologically documented primary infection. CMV DNA retrieval was possible thanks to polymerase chain reaction analysis of the perilymph collected at cochlear implant surgery. To the authors' knowledge this is the first demonstration of CMV persistence in the cochlea of an immunocompetent subject after an acquired infection.
    The Laryngoscope 04/2011; 121(4):828-30. DOI:10.1002/lary.21447 · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a frequent complication in transplant recipients. This retrospective study compared real-time PCR (rt-PCR) and a pp65 antigen assay as tools for monitoring CMV infection in solid organ (SOT) and bone marrow (SCT) transplant patients. The study tested 2662 samples by rt-PCR, and 1284 specimens with a pp65 antigen assay. 24.3% of the rt-PCR samples and 4.1% of the pp65 antigen samples were positive. 793 specimens, from 230 patients, were tested with both assays. In 6.7% of samples, both tests were positive; in 72.7% both were negative; in the remaining 20.6% of cases, the results were discordant. CMV disease was diagnosed in 50 patients. Results from the two methods were poorly correlated (r=0.460). The sensitivity of rt-PCR (94%) was higher than that of the pp65 antigen assay (27%). Both assays showed high specificity (92% and 99%, respectively). ROC curve analysis, performed separately for SOT and SCT patients, confirmed that rt-PCR outperformed the pp65 assay in the detection of CMV. These findings provide evidence that rt-PCR is a reliable diagnostic tool, and that it can be more effective than pp65 based assays in monitoring CMV infection progression and in guiding therapy in immunocompromised patients.
    The New Microbiologica: official journal of the Italian Society for Medical Virology (SIVIM) 04/2011; 34(2):157-64. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) reactivation and EBV-related post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) have emerged as a severe complication after stem cell transplantation (SCT). We prospectively evaluated 104 consecutive patients receiving SCT either autologous or allogeneic. Fifty-two patients (50%) presented EBV DNA-emia and five of them developed PTLD proven or probable. PTLD rate was 9.6% among patients with EBV DNA-emia. One patient developed PTLD without EBV DNA-emia (0.96%). Overall PTLD incidence was 5.7%. No PTLD developed after autologous SCT. EBV DNA-emia was significantly more frequent after allogeneic than autologous SCT (60.7% vs 17.4%, p = 0.0002). At EBV reactivation, serum protein electrophoresis and immunofixation were assessed. Global incidence of γ-peak after allogeneic SCT with EBV reactivation was 65.3% (32/49 patients) and monoclonal gammopathy (MG) was identified in 23/28 evaluable patients (82%). All patients with PTLD developed γ-peak and in five of them MG was identified. MG is consistently associated with EBV DNA-emia and may help identification of progression to PTLD after allogeneic SCT.
    Journal of Clinical Immunology 11/2010; 30(6):894-902. DOI:10.1007/s10875-010-9454-x · 3.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bone Marrow Transplantation is a high quality, peer-reviewed journal covering all aspects of clinical and basic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation.
    Bone marrow transplantation 03/2010; 45(11):1668-70. DOI:10.1038/bmt.2010.33 · 3.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infection with high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) is the major cause of cervical cancer. However, relatively few infections progress to malignant disease. Progression to malignancy requires the overexpression of the E6 and E7 genes in the integrated HPV genome. It follows that the E6 and E7 transcripts could be useful markers of disease progression. The study presented here tests this possibility, using data from colposcopy and from cytological and histological tests to compare RNA assays for the E6 and E7 genes with DNA testing. A total of 180 women underwent colposcopy, cytology, and biopsy of suspected lesions (143 cases). Cervical brush specimens were analyzed for HPV DNA and for E6 and E7 mRNA. DNA from HR HPV was found in 57.8% of the specimens; E6 and E7 transcripts were found in 45%. The rates of detection of HPV DNA and of E6 and E7 transcripts were 33.3% and 25%, respectively, for specimens with normal findings; 51.4% and 31.9%, respectively, for specimens with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN1); and 61.1% and 44.2% for specimens with CIN2, respectively. All specimens with CIN3 and 95.5% of specimens from patients with squamous cell carcinoma were positive by both assays. Thirty-seven patients with normal colposcopy findings did not undergo biopsy. HPV DNA and mRNA transcripts were found in 32.4% and 18.9% of these cases, respectively. Comparisons with cytological tests produced similar results. Overall, the mRNA tests showed a higher specificity than the DNA tests for high-grade lesions (72.7% and 56.2%, respectively) and a higher positive predictive value (59.3% and 49.0%, respectively). These findings suggest that mRNA assays could be more powerful than DNA testing for predicting the risk of progression and offer a strong potential as a tool for triage and patient follow-up.
    Journal of clinical microbiology 10/2009; 47(12):3895-901. DOI:10.1128/JCM.01275-09 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The continuous development of new drugs for use in triple-drug combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has dramatically decreased morbidity and mortality in HIV-1 infected individuals. However, increasing drug resistance could be associated with a poor outcome. To determine the efficacy of resistance genotype-guided antiretroviral regimens in combination antiretroviral therapy (cART)-failing patients over calendar years and its predictors. Patients, with an available resistance genotype performed between 1999 and 2008, who failed a highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen, changed therapy within 6 months from genotype and maintained the same salvage regimen, were selected from a clinical cohort database. Virologic efficacy was analyzed using time-to virologic suppression (VS, HIV-1 RNA<50 copies/ml). In 270 sequences analyzed from 212 patients, after a median follow-up of 23 weeks, there were 160 patients with VS (59.3%). Mean regimens' genotypic sensitivity score (GSS) increased from 1.86 (SD+/-0.92) in 1999-2001, to 2.29 (SD+/-0.96) in 2005-2008 (p=0.001 for trend). VS was achieved in 39% of those patients genotyped in 1999-2001, and increased to 69% for patients with genotyping performed between 2005 and 2008 (p<0.001). More recent calendar year, younger age and less use of suboptimal therapy were predictors of more effective HAART regimens but only more recent calendar year maintained a trend toward significance in a multivariable model. More recent genotyping calendar year, younger age, lower number of HAART regimens experienced, lower HIV-1 RNA and higher GSS independently conveyed and increased the probability of VS. Resistance-guided salvage antiretroviral therapy was more effective during more recent calendar years, independent from other measurable confounders, including the GSS of the employed regimen. Convenience and tolerability of newer agents should account for the observed effect.
    Journal of clinical virology: the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology 08/2009; 46(3):290-4. DOI:10.1016/j.jcv.2009.07.013 · 3.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The cause of about 30% of bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is still unknown. A viral etiology is among the most frequently proposed ones and the supposed diagnosis is only based upon few clinical and laboratory data. The detection of viral presence within a damaged compartment may represent a way to supply interesting data for confirmation of viral etiology and to explain pathogenic mechanisms. The aim of our study was to identify the possible presence of pathogenic viruses in the inner ear extracellular compartment in patients with bilateral severe sensorineural deafness of unknown etiology who underwent cochlear implant surgery. 4 patients, aged from 2 to 7 years and affected by SNHL underwent cochlear implantation surgery and, at the same time, endolabyrinthine fluid sampling. The samples were subsequently sent for viral nucleic acid extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) treatment: multiplex PCR and realtime-PCR were used. In each endolabyrinthine fluid sample, cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), varicella-zoster virus (VZV), herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 (HSV-1, HSV-2) and enterovirus genomes were searched for. One patient was positive for intracochlear CMV, as confirmed by another base-pair segment PCR. EBV, VZV, HSV and enterovirus were detected in none of the 4 patients. Our finding of CMV genome within the cochlea of a deaf patient without any evidence of acute and prenatal CMV infection suggests its possible role in postnatal inner ear injury through reactivation of latent virus within the cochlea. This hypothesis could also be considered valid for some patients with anti-CMV-IgG-positive serology and absence of endolabyrinthine viral genome since viruses can be in an inactive state at the time of fluid collection. PCR has proved to be a very useful tool in order to investigate infectious causes of deafness even for more than one virus type at a time and in a limited quantity of sample, such as the small volume of endolabyrinthine liquid collected from children during cochlear implant surgery.
    Audiology and Neurotology 05/2009; 14(5):290-5. DOI:10.1159/000212107 · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the majority of cases, high-risk human papillomavirus (HR HPV) infections regress spontaneously, with only a small percentage progressing to high-grade lesions. Current screening methods are based on DNA detection. An alternative would be to monitor expression of the E6 and E7 viral oncogenes continuously expressed by malignant phenotypes. In the work reported in this paper, we compared the two methods for a group of women with high-risk HPV infections. Cervical specimens from 400 women, previously found to be HPV DNA positive, were analyzed for HPV DNA by a liquid hybridization assay and typed by multiplex PCR (for types 16, 18, 31, and 33). Identification of HR HPV E6 and E7 RNA transcripts was performed using real-time reverse transcription-PCR and nucleic acid sequence-based amplification assays. Results were compared with concurrent cytological data. HR HPVs were found in 61.2% of patients. The most common genotype was HPV type 16 (HPV-16) (47.1%), followed by HPV-18, HPV-31, and HPV-33. Nine percent of cases involved other genotypes. Among 223 HPV DNA-positive samples, only 118 were positive in the RNA test. Among HPV DNA-positive patients with normal cytology, we detected E6 and E7 RNA transcripts in two cases (18.2%). The rate of detection increased gradually with the grade of the observed lesions, rising from 20% for patients with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance to 48.1% for women with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and 86.3% for those with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions. These results suggest that testing for HPV E6 and E7 transcripts could be a useful tool for screening and patient management, providing more accurate predictions of risk than those obtained by DNA testing.
    Journal of clinical microbiology 05/2009; 47(7):2136-41. DOI:10.1128/JCM.01733-08 · 3.99 Impact Factor
  • G F Zannoni · S Sioletic · G Fadda · A Di Franco · P Cattani
    Histopathology 12/2008; 53(5):604-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2559.2008.03141.x · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The BK polyomavirus (BKV) is widespread in the general population. In transplant recipients, the patients' weakened immune response may encourage reactivation of latent infection, leading to BKV-related diseases. Rapid and quantitative detection might help to delineate viral reactivation patterns and could thus play an important role in their clinical management. In our study we developed an "in-house" quantitative real-time PCR to detect BKV DNA. The effectiveness of this assay was evaluated by a retrospective analysis of 118 plasma specimens from 22 bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients and 107 samples from immunocompetent subjects. Eight (36.3%) of the 22 bone marrow transplant recipients tested positive for BKV. The viral load varied from specimen to specimen (10 to 10(5) copies/ml). BKV related disease like hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) was diagnosed in three patients. Specimens from the control group all tested negative. Our results showed the high sensitivity of the real-time PCR, allowing accurate and reproducible measuring of the viral load in order to identify patients at risk for BKV-related diseases. With due caution in interpreting threshold values, the real-time PCR could provide a rapid, sensitive and specific tool for detecting BKV and distinguishing latent and active infection.
    The New Microbiologica: official journal of the Italian Society for Medical Virology (SIVIM) 05/2007; 30(2):119-26. · 1.78 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

942 Citations
225.33 Total Impact Points


  • 1992–2015
    • Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
      • • School of Microbiology and Virology
      • • Institute of Microbiology
      • • Institute of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 1997–2011
    • The Catholic University of America
      Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
  • 2003
    • Istituto Superiore di Sanità
      • Department of Environment and Primary Prevention
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 1996
    • Sacred Heart University
      Феърфилд, Connecticut, United States
  • 1994
    • Università degli Studi di Siena
      • Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience
      Siena, Tuscany, Italy