Soo Ryang Kim

Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo-ken, Japan

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Publications (57)109.95 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: AIM: The recommended treatment for chronic hepatitis C is a combination of pegylated interferon (PegIFN) plus ribavirin (RBV). However, the sustained virological response (SVR) rate of PegIFN-RBV therapy was approximately 50% in patients with genotype 1b and a high viral load. Thus, we compared the efficiencies and side effects of PegIFN-RBV and self-injected low-dose natural (n) IFNα in patients with HCV. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, open-label study was conducted in 12 Japanese institutions. A total of 129 patients with chronic hepatitis C and no detectable HCV after 24-72 weeks of PegIFN-RBV treatment were assigned to the control (N = 82) or treated (N = 47) group. Treated patients received 3 million units of nIFNα 2-3 times/week over 96 weeks. The groups were compared regarding treatment efficiency, side effects, and quality of life. RESULTS: Significant treatment success regarding virus negativation rates was found, with 89% and 73% for the treated and control groups, respectively (p = 0.039). In contrast, there was no difference in relapse rate between the groups 24 weeks after the 96-week nIFNα treatment (p = 0.349). However, when early viral responders and late viral responders (LVR) were separated, LVR patients responded significantly to the treatment with 90% sustained virologic response, compared to 53% for the control group (p = 0.044). The side effects and therapeutic issues of nIFNα were less than that of PegIFN-RBV treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Self-injected nIFNα has larger benefits than prolonged PegIFN-RBV for chronic hepatitis C patients with high viral loads of genotype 1b who fail to achieve early viral response during initial combination treatment.
    Hepatology Research 05/2013; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a case of serum amyloid A (SAA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) positive nodule detected by immunohistochemical analysis in a 37-year-old woman with alcohol-related cirrhosis. Imaging studies at first admission pointed to HCC, a dysplastic nodule, an inflammatory pseudotumor or focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH). US-guided biopsy in S2 showed minimal atypical changes, except for a slight increase in cell density, and micronodular cirrhosis in the non-nodular portion. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI carried out after a year and a half revealed hypervascularity in the arterial phase and isointensity in the hepatobiliary phase. Three years thereafter, however, the imaging displayed a change from isointensity to a defect in the hepatobiliary phase, and the nodule demonstrated minimal histological atypia. Immunohistochemical staining of the nodule was positive for SAA, CRP, liver fatty acid-binding protein and glutamine synthetase, but negative for β-catenin, heat shock protein 70 and Glypican 3. Organic anion transporter (OATP) 8 staining was weaker in the nodule than in the non-nodular portion of the alcohol-related micronodular cirrhosis. The nodule was diagnosed as an SAA and CRP positive nodule, and HCC was ruled out. Despite the change from isointensity to a defect in the hepatobiliary phase, no evidence of HCC was found in the biopsy specimen. The change might be explained more by the weak OATP8 staining compared with that of alcohol-related liver cirrhosis than by malignant transformation into HCC.
    Hepatology Research 04/2013; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We conducted a multicenter randomized clinical trial to determine the optimal treatment strategy against chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) with genotype 1b and a high viral load (G1b/high). METHODS: The study subjects included 153 patients with G1b/high. Patients were initially treated with PEG-IFNα-2a alone and then randomly assigned to receive different treatment regimens. Ribavirin (RBV) was administered to all patients with HCV RNA at week 4. Patients negative for HCV RNA at week 4 were randomly assigned to receive PEG-IFNα-2a (group A) or PEG-IFNα-2a/RBV (group B). Patients who showed HCV RNA at week 4 but were negative at week 12 were randomly assigned to receive weekly PEG-IFNα-2a (group C) or biweekly therapy (group D). Patients who showed HCV RNA at week 12 but were negative at week 24 were randomly assigned to receive PEG-IFNα-2a/RBV (group E) or PEG-IFNα-2a/RBV/fluvastatin (group F). RESULTS: Overall, the rate of sustained virological response (SVR) was 46 % (70/153). The total SVR rate in the group (A, D, and F) of response-guided therapy was significantly higher than that in the group (B, C, and E) of conventional therapy [70 % (38/54) versus 52 % (32/61), p = 0.049]. Although IL28-B polymorphism and Core 70 mutation were significantly associated with efficacy, patients with rapid virological response (RVR) and complete early virological response (cEVR) achieved high SVR rates regardless of their status of IL-28B polymorphism and Core 70 mutation. CONCLUSION: In addition to knowing the IL-28B polymorphism and Core 70 mutation status, understanding the likelihood of virological response during treatment is critical in determining the appropriate treatment strategy.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2013; · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: This study explores viral factors of the interferon (IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) resistance-determining region (IRRDR), the IFN sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) and the core protein, and host factor interleukin 28B associated with response to pegylated IFN (PEG-IFN) and RBV combination therapy, and the correlation of viral and host factors with IFN-λ1. Methods: A total of 58 patients underwent PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy for 48 weeks. The pretreatment factors associated with rapid virological response (RVR) and sustained virological response (SVR) were analyzed. Pretreatment IFN-λ1 serum levels were compared with the viral and host factors. Results: Univariate analysis showed that IRRDR ≥6 and ISDR ≥2 were significant pretreatment predictors of RVR, and multivariate analysis identified IRRDR ≥6 and hemoglobin as significant predictors of SVR. Pretreatment IFN-λ1 was significantly higher in the SVR group than in the non-SVR group and also in the IRRDR ≥6 group than in the IRRDR ≤5 group. Conclusions: IRRDR ≥6 was the only significant predictor of SVR and was correlated with IFN-λ1. High serum levels of IFN-λ1 may be conducive to effective PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy because of the immunomodulatory system. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Digestive Diseases 01/2013; 31(5-6):421-5. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective We attempted to elucidate the clinical features of chronic hepatitis C patients who develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after achieving a sustained viral response (SVR) to interferon (IFN) therapy. Methods The clinical features of 130 patients at 19 hospitals who developed HCC after obtaining an SVR were retrospectively reviewed. Results Overall, 107 (82%) of the 130 patients were men, with 92 (71%) being ≥60 years of age and 76, 38 and 16 developing HCC within 5, 5-10 and 10-16.9 years after IFN therapy, respectively. Before receiving IFN therapy, 92 (71%) patients had cirrhosis and/or a low platelet count (<15×10(4) cells/μL). Lower albumin (<3.9 g/dL) and higher alpha fetoprotein (AFP) (≥10 ng/mL) levels were identified in a multivariate analysis to be independent variables of the development of HCC within five years after IFN therapy. Among 4,542 SVR patients, HCC occurred in 109 (2.4%) during a 5.5-year follow-up period, thus resulting in an occurrence rate of 4.6% for men and 0.6% for women. Conclusion SVR patients with lower albumin or higher AFP levels require careful assessments to prevent early HCC development after IFN therapy. HCC occurrence within >10 years of IFN therapy is not uncommon, and the risk factors remain uncertain, thus suggesting that all SVR patients should undergo long-term follow-up examinations for HCC development.
    Internal Medicine 01/2013; 52(24):2701-2706. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: We assessed the outcome of double-filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) combined with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) therapy in patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-1b whose HCV had not disappeared during PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy, or who had relapsed after the end of the therapy. Additionally, we investigated factors predictive of sustained virological response (SVR), including host and viral genetic factors, to DFPP plus IFN/RBV therapy. Methods: A total of 40 patients infected with HCV-1b whose HCV virus had not been eradicated by previous PEG-IFN/RBV therapy were enrolled for treatment by DFPP plus IFN/RBV. Rapid virological response (RVR) and SVR were assessed, and pretreatment factors associated with SVR - the interleukin (IL)28B gene, the IFN/RBV resistance-determining region (IRRDR) and the IFN sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) - were analyzed. Results: Of the 40 patients, 9 (23%) achieved RVR and 10 (25%) achieved SVR. The significant factors associated with SVR were IL28B major and RVR, as assessed by multivariate analysis (p = 0.0182, p = 0.0005). Conclusion: Patients whose HCV is not eradicated by previous PEG-IFN/RBV would be good candidates for combined DFPP and IFN/RBV retreatment provided they demonstrate IL28B major and have achieved RVR. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Digestive Diseases 01/2013; 31(5-6):434-9. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The outcomes of sequential therapy with lamivudine followed by interferon have been unsatisfactory in Japanese patients with hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B. However, the efficacy of sequential therapy with entecavir and interferon remains unclear. METHODS: Twenty-four HBeAg-positive patients (23 men and 1 woman; mean age 39 ± 7 years) received entecavir 0.5 mg alone for 36-52 weeks, followed by entecavir plus interferon-α for 4 weeks, and lastly by interferon-α alone for 20 weeks. Twenty-three patients had genotype C infection, and one had genotype A infection. RESULTS: No entecavir-resistant mutant variants emerged in any patient. Hepatitis flare occurred in three patients during interferon-α treatment after the withdrawal of entecavir, but none had hepatic decompensation. Serum hepatitis B surface antigen levels did not change during or after therapy. Serum hepatitis B core-related antigen levels were significantly decreased at the start (P < 0.0001) and at the end of interferon-α treatment (P < 0.0001), but returned to baseline levels after treatment. Twenty-four weeks after the completion of the sequential therapy, a sustained biochemical, virological, and serological response was achieved in 5 (21 %) patients. The proportion of patients in whom HBeAg was lost during entecavir treatment was significantly higher among those with a sustained response than among those with no response (P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: The rate of response to sequential therapy with entecavir and interferon-α in Japanese patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B was not higher than the rate in previous studies of lamivudine followed by interferon.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 08/2012; · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study explores pretreatment predictive factors for ultimate virological responses to pegylated interferon-α (1.5 μg/kg/week) and ribavirin (600-1000 mg/day) (PEG-IFN/RBV) combination therapy for patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-1b and a high viral load. A total of 75 patients underwent PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy for 48 weeks. HCV amino acid (aa) substitutions in non-structural protein 5a, including those in the IFN/RBV resistance-determining region (IRRDR) and the IFN sensitivity-determining region and the core regions, as well as the genetic variation (rs8099917) near the interleukin 28B (IL28B) gene (genotype TT) were analyzed. Of the 75 patients, 49 % (37/75) achieved a sustained virological response (SVR), 27 % (20/75) showed relapse, and 24 % (18/75) showed null virological response (NVR). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified IRRDR with 6 or more mutations (IRRDR ≥6) [odds ratio (OR) 11.906, p < 0.0001] and age <60 years (OR 0.228, p = 0.015) as significant determiners of SVR and IL28B minor (OR 14.618, p = 0.0019) and platelets <15 × 10(4)/mm(3) (OR 0.113, p = 0.0096) as significant determiners of NVR. A combination of IRRDR ≥6 and age <60 years improved SVR predictability (93.3 %), and that of IRRDR ≤5 and age ≥60 years improved non-SVR predictability (84.0 %). Similarly, a combination of IL28B minor and platelets <15 × 10(4)/mm(3) improved NVR predictability (85.7 %), and that of IL28B major and platelets ≥15 × 10(4)/mm(3) improved non-NVR (response) (97.1 %) predictability. IRRDR ≥6 and age <60 years were significantly associated with SVR. IL28B minor and platelets <15 × 10(4)/mm(3) were significantly associated with NVR. Certain combinations of these factors improved SVR and NVR predictability and could, therefore, be used to design therapeutic strategies.
    Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2012; 47(10):1143-51. · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The epidemiological patterns of endemic hepatitis A virus (HAV) are unclear in northeastern Asia depending on the ethnicity of the country in question. The purpose of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of HAV in northeastern China, South Korea, and Japan. A total of 1,500 serum samples were collected from five groups of inhabitants (300 each) who were over 40 years of age (Korean Chinese, indigenous Chinese, South Korean, Korean living in Japan, and indigenous Japanese). The samples were screened for antibodies to HAV using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Positivity for HAV antibodies was 93.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 90.9-96.4) in Koreans living in northeastern China, 99.7% (95% CI: 99.0-100.3) in indigenous Chinese, 98.0% (95% CI: 96.4-99.6) in indigenous Koreans, 33.3% (95% CI: 28.0-38.7) in Koreans living in Japan, and 20.4% (95% CI: 15.8-25.0) in indigenous Japanese persons. The overall anti-HAV prevalence was not significantly different between northeastern China and South Korea, but it was different in Japan. These results indicate that differences in seroprevalence can be attributed to geological, environmental, and socioeconomic conditions rather than ethnicity.
    Osong public health and research perspectives. 03/2012; 3(1):31-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives and Methods: Findings of histological analyses of 2 cases of liver biopsy revealing hypovascular nodules are described. Results: Ultrasound examination revealed hypovascular and hypoechoic nodules (8 mm in diameter) in segment 1 (case 1) and (8 mm) in segment 8 (case 2). The nodules were detected by only Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. Hematoxylin and eosin staining of ultrasound-guided biopsy of the nodules revealed slight hypercellularity without the features of early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) such as cell atypia, fatty change and pseudoglandular formation. Early HCC was suspected; however, Victoria blue staining disclosed terminal portal tract invasion, the most important finding of early HCC. Also, cytokeratin 7 staining revealed decreased ductular reaction compatible with early HCC. Taken together, these histological analyses confirmed the two nodules to be early HCC. Conclusion: Based on the criteria of the International Consensus Group, the two nodules were diagnosed as early HCC through biopsy.
    Digestive Diseases 01/2012; 30(6):574-9. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a well-differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with alcohol-related liver cirrhosis in a 69-year-old man. Ultrasonography (US) disclosed a 10 mm hypoechoic nodule in segment 4; Sonazoid contrast-enhanced US and gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed no defect in either the Kupffer phase or the hepatobiliary phase. Computed tomography during hepatic arteriography (CTHA), however, revealed a hypovascular nodule, but CT during arterial portography showed no perfusion defect. Histological analysis indicated a well-differentiated HCC. Thus, our detection of well-differentiated HCC disclosed by only CTHA attested to the efficiency of this modality, suggesting that it is more sensitive than Gd-EOB-GTPA-enhanced MRI.
    Internal Medicine 01/2012; 51(8):885-90. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have developed a novel insertion method, a non-trocar technique (NTT), for laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation, whereby an ablation needle, guided by a 14.8-mm echo probe (PVM-787LA; Toshiba, Tokyo, Japan), accurately and easily punctures the target tumor in the liver. By existing methods, an ablation needle is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a puncture hole away from the echo probe because of the presence of a 15-mm trocar. Under such circumstances, fitting and sliding an ablation needle along the groove of the probe into the abdominal cavity is difficult because of the longitudinal dissociation between the needle and the probe. To avoid this dissociation, an echo probe is inserted directly through the small incision from which the 12-mm trocar is withdrawn and an ablation needle is introduced directly into the abdominal cavity through a puncture hole adjacent to and slid along the groove of the probe.
    Digestive Diseases 01/2012; 30(6):588-91. · 2.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are seven approved treatments for adults with chronic hepatitis B virus infection in the United States and European countries: interferon-α, pegylated interferon-α, lamivudine, adefovir dipivoxil, entecavir, telbivudine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. At present, two new analogues, entecavir and tenofovir are recommended as the first line therapy by the guidelines of European Association for the Study of the Liver and American Association Study for the Liver Diseases. On the other hand, regarding interferon therapy, use of pegylated interferon-α is recommended as the first line therapy instead of standard interferon-α by both guidelines. Therefore, the main scientific interests and unmet medical needs for treatment of chronic hepatitis B have been narrowed down to long-term efficacy and safety of the two said analogues-entecavir and tenofovir-and combination therapy of pegylated interferon-α with the two analogues. To put it concretely, further studies are needed to assess (1) the long-term efficacy and safety and resistance to entecavir and tenofovir; (2) the efficacy of different durations (24 weeks to 2 years) and lower doses of pegylated interferon-α; (3) the role of combination therapy with two analogues to reduce resistance; and (4) the efficacy and safety of the two analogues with decompensated cirrhosis. Herein, we review the recent available data and results.
    Hepatitis Monthly 08/2011; 11(8):601-11. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Double-filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) together with interferon (IFN) administration produces a substantial reduction in the viral load during the early stages of treatment. Based on their responses to previous pegylated IFN and ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) therapy, 20 patients were divided into null virological response (NVR; n = 12) and relapse (n = 8) groups. DFPP was used in combination with IFN-β/RBV with subsequent administration of PEG-IFN-α2a/RBV therapy (DFPP + IFN-β/RBV then PEG-IFN/RBV). Early viral dynamics was assessed, focusing especially on complete early virological response (cEVR) associated with sustained virological response. Additionally, the interleukin 28B gene, the IFN/RBV resistance-determining region, the IFN sensitivity-determining region and the core regions were analyzed. Rapid virological response was achieved in 0% (0/12) of NVR and in 75% (6/8) of relapse patients, with a significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.001). Similarly, cEVR was achieved in 8% (1/12) of NVR and in 88% (7/8) of relapse patients, with a significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.037). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, interleukin-28B major was a significant determiner of cEVR (odds ratio = 24.19, p = 0.037). DFPP + IFN-β/RBV then PEG-IFN/RBV therapy is indicated more for relapse than for NVR patients.
    Digestion 01/2011; 84 Suppl 1:10-6. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin resistance (IR) has been reported to be an independent predictor of treatment outcome in chronic hepatitis C patients. We analyzed the relationship between IR and the outcome of pegylated interferon and ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) therapy, taking into account host factors of body mass index and histological index, such as rate of fatty change and fibrosis. Japanese patients (n = 30; 19 men and 11 women; median age 60.0 ± 8.7 years) with chronic hepatitis C-1b with a high viral load were treated with PEG-IFN-α2b/RBV for 48 weeks. Sustained virological response (SVR) was seen in 60% (18/30) and non-SVR in 40% (12/30). HOMA-IR (homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance index) at the start and at 24 weeks of treatment showed no statistical difference between SVR and non-SVR. Correlation was observed between HOMA-IR and body mass index (r = 0.45, p = 0.013). Among 20 patients, steatosis and fibrosis were assessed by biopsy. Correlation was observed between HOMA-IR and steatosis (r = 0.57, p = 0.0093), whereas no correlation was observed between HOMA-IR and fibrosis. A larger prospective study is needed to clarify the role of IR in the outcome of PEG-IFN/RBV combination therapy and hepatic fibrosis in Japanese patients.
    Digestion 01/2011; 84 Suppl 1:5-9. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim:  Efficacy and safety of double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) for chronic hepatitis C were prospectively analyzed in Japanese clinical settings.Methods:  All patients who received DFPP in combination with interferon (IFN) therapy for chronic hepatitis C were serially recruited at 36 institutions between April 2008 and July 2009 in Japan.Results:  A total of 239 patients were analyzed for the safety of DFPP and 206 patients for the efficacy. Of the 206 patients, 181 patients were treated with DFPP in combination with pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV + DFPP). Among the 181 patients, 60 patients (33.1%) were treatment-naïves, 35 (19.3%) relapsers and 62 (34.3%) non-responders. Complete early virological response (cEVR) in patients treated with PEG-IFN/RBV + DFPP was achieved in 57.5% overall, 70.0% in treatment-naïves, 57.1% in relapsers and 41.9% in non-responders. In patients with previous PEG-IFN/RBV therapy, cEVR were found in 63.0% of relapsers and 18.9 % of non-responders, and cEVR in patients with other than PEG-IFN/RBV therapy as previous IFN therapy, relapsers and non-responders was 37.5% and 76.0%, respectively. Adverse events were found in 55 patients (23.0%). Serious adverse events were found in four patients (1.7%) who showed puncture-site injury. Adverse events were related to female sex, but not related to age, and DFPP could be performed safely.Conclusion:  The cEVR results in this study suggest that high rates of sustained virological response can be achieved in retreated and treatment-naïve patients using DFPP in combination with PEG-IFN/RBV therapy. Results indicate that this therapy could be safely conducted, even in elderly patients.
    Hepatology Research 09/2010; 40(11):1072 - 1081. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the imaging results with histology and to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of imaging modalities for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) smaller than 2 cm. Nodules smaller than 2 cm (n = 34) revealed by ultrasonography (US) in 29 patients with liver cirrhosis were analyzed. Histological diagnosis of HCC was performed by ultrasonographic guidance: moderately-differentiated HCC (n = 24); well-differentiated HCC (n = 10). The patterns disclosed by the four imaging modalities defined the conclusive diagnosis of HCC: (1) contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT), hypervascularity in the arterial phase and washout in the equilibrium phase; (2) Sonazoid contrast-enhanced US (CEUS), hypervascularity in the early vascular phase and defect in the Kupffer phase; (3) gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), hypervascularity in the arterial phase and/or defect in the hepatobiliary phase; and (4) CT arterioportal angiography: hypervascularity by CT during arteriography and/or perfusion defect by CT during arterial portography. Overall, the sensitivity of diagnosing HCC smaller than 2 cm was 52.9% (18/34) (95% CI: 35.1-70.2) by CECT; 67.6% (23/34) (95% CI: 49.5-82.6) by Sonazoid CEUS; 76.5% (26/34) (95% CI: 58.8-89.3) by Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI; and 88.2% (30/34) (95% CI: 72.5-96.7) by CT arterioportal angiography. The diagnostic sensitivity of detecting moderately-differentiated HCC by CECT, Sonazoid CEUS, Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI and CT arterioportal angiography was 62.5% (15/24) (95% CI: 40.6-81.2), 79.2% (19/24) (95% CI: 57.8-92.9), 75.0% (18/24) (95% CI: 53.3-90.2) and 95.8% (23/24) (95% CI: 78.9-99.9), respectively. A significant difference (P < 0.05) was observed between CECT and CT arterioportal angiography in all nodules. There was no difference between Sonazoid CEUS, Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI, and CT arterioportal angiography. The combined sensitivity of Sonazoid CEUS and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI was 94.1% (32/34). Changing the main diagnostic modality for HCC smaller than 2 cm from CT arterioportal angiography to Sonazoid CEUS and Gd-EOB-DTPA MRI is recommended.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2010; 16(33):4187-92. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether sustained virological response (SVR) and non-SVR by chronic hepatitis C patients to pegylated interferon plus ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) combination therapy are distinguishable by viral factors such as the IFN/RBV resistance-determining region (IRRDR) and by on-treatment factors through new indices such as the rebound index (RI). The first RI (RI-1st; the viral load at week 1 divided by the viral load at 24 h) and the second RI (RI-2nd; the viral load at week 2 divided by the viral load at 24 h) were calculated. The subject patients were divided into 3 groups based on RI-1st and RI-2nd: an RI-A group (RI-1st < or = 1.0), an RI-B group (RI-1st >1.0 and RI-2nd <0.7) and an RI-C group (RI-1st >1.0 and RI-2nd > or = 0.7). The SVR rate was 71.4% (10/14) in the RI-A group, 46.2% (6/13) in the RI-B group and 20.0% (3/15) in the RI-C group (p = 0.005 between the RI-A group and the RI-C group). In IRRDR > or = 6 and IRRDR < or = 5 the SVR rate was 81.3% (13/16) and 23.1% (6/26) (p = 0.0002), respectively. By combining RI and IRRDR as a predicting factor, the SVR rate was 87.5% (7/8) in the RI-A group (> or = 6 mutations in the IRRDR) and 7.7% (1/13) in the RI-C group (< or = 5 IRRDR mutations) (p = 0.0003).
    Intervirology 01/2010; 53(1):49-54. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a 72-year-old woman with chronic hepatitis C and autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura (AITP) during pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alpha. Immunoglobulin G and antinuclear antibody were 2,113 mg/dL and 1,280 at the start, respectively. A liver biopsy negated autoimmune hepatitis. After a 48-week combination therapy with ribavirin, PEG-IFN alpha-2a was administered. At the 30th month, the platelet count was decreased to 1.1 x 10(4)/microL. Bone marrow biopsy disclosed normocellular marrow compatible with AITP. The platelet-associated IgG (PAIgG) titer rose to 500 ng/10(7) cells. Corticosteroid therapy was successful, and the platelet count and PAIgG titer reverted to 6.4 x 10(4)/microL and 57.3 ng/10(7) cells, respectively.
    Internal Medicine 01/2010; 49(12):1119-22. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aims to compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome between Korean emigrants (KEs) and their host country residents in Japan and China. The Korean Emigrant Study (KES) is a cohort study initiated in 2005 to elucidate the effect of genetic susceptibility and environmental change on hypertension, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Equal numbers of KEs and host country residents, aged 30 or over, were recruited from three regions; Kobe-Osaka in Japan (total number=965), Yanbian in China (n=1,019), and Changchun in China (n=949). The age-adjusted prevalences of metabolic syndrome among KEs in Kobe-Osaka were significantly higher than those among Japanese (in men 24.0% vs. 15.6%, p=0.04, in women 8.4% vs. 2.7%, p=0.01), while the age-adjusted prevalences among KEs in Changchun were similar to those among Chinese (in men 11.7% vs. 16.1%, p=0.37, in women 28.3% vs. 30.1%, p=0.91). The age-adjusted prevalences were generally higher in Yanbian than other regions, and KEs had higher prevalence than Chinese in men but not in women (in men 37.9% vs. 28.3%, p=0.03, women 46.0% vs. 50.6%, p=0.44). The components with significant ethnic differences in prevalence were high blood pressure and abdominal obesity in Japan, and triglyceride in China. The most influential component in diagnosing metabolic syndrome was abdominal obesity in men and triglyceride in women. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was higher in KEs than in host country residents in Japan but not in China. Abdominal obesity and triglyceride are both discriminating and influential components in metabolic syndrome.
    Epidemiology and health. 01/2010; 32:e2010005.

Publication Stats

299 Citations
109.95 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Hyogo College of Medicine
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Nishinomiya, Hyogo-ken, Japan
  • 2012
    • Yodogawa Christian Hospital
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2004
    • Hyogo Prefectural Amagasaki Hospital
      Amagasaki, Hyōgo, Japan