Makiya Nishikawa

Kyoto University, Kioto, Kyōto, Japan

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Publications (220)941.8 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In vivo disposition characteristics of succinylated (Suc-) proteins were studied after intravenous injection in mice in relation to their molecular characteristics as negatively charged macromolecules. Recombinant superoxide dismutase (SOD; molecular mass, 32 kDa), bovine serum albumin (BSA; molecular mass, 67 kDa), and bovine IgG (molecular mass, 150 kDa) were used to produce succinylated derivatives with different degrees of modification. (111)In-labeled Suc-SODs were rapidly excreted into the urine with no significant hepatic uptake. In contrast, (111)In-Suc-BSA and Suc-IgG were significantly taken up by liver nonparenchymal cells via scavenger receptors (SRs) according to the degree of succinylation and the dose injected. Interestingly, highly succinylated BSAs exhibited significant accumulation in the kidney at higher doses when the hepatic uptake was saturated. Pharmacokinetic analysis demonstrated that the hepatic uptake of succinylated proteins depended on the molecular size and the estimated surface density of succinylated amino residues. Further analysis based on a physiological pharmacokinetic model, involving a saturable process with Michaelis-Menten kinetics, revealed that the surface density of negative charges was correlated with the affinity of larger succinylated proteins for the hepatic SRs. Thus, the present study has provided useful basic information for a therapeutic strategy and the molecular design of succinylated proteins for use as drug carriers and therapeutic agents per se for SR-mediated targeting in vivo.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 06/2002; 301(2):467-77. · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a previous study, we showed that targeted delivery of bovine liver catalase to hepatocytes by direct galactosylation augmented the inhibitory effect of the enzyme on experimental hepatic metastasis of colon carcinoma cells (unpublished data). Here, we examined the ability of catalase to inhibit tumor metastasis to the lung by controlling its biodistribution. Four types of catalase derivative, Gal-CAT, Man-CAT, Suc-CAT and PEG-CAT, were synthesized. Experimental pulmonary metastasis was induced in mice by i.v. injection of 1 x 10(5) colon 26 tumor cells. An i.v. injection of catalase (35,000 units/kg) partially, but significantly, decreased the number of colonies in the lung 2 weeks after tumor injection, from 93 +/- 29 (saline injection) to 63 +/- 23 (p < 0.01). Suc-CAT, Man-CAT and Gal-CAT showed effects similar to those of catalase on the number of colonies. However, PEG-CAT greatly inhibited pulmonary metastasis to 22 +/- 11 (p < 0.001). Furthermore, s.c. injection of catalase also greatly inhibited metastasis (11 +/- 6, p < 0.001). Neither inactivated catalase nor BSA showed any effects on the number of metastatic colonies, indicating that the enzymatic activity of catalase to detoxify H(2)O(2) is the critical factor inhibiting metastasis. (111)In-PEG-CAT showed a sustained concentration in plasma, whereas s.c.-injected (111)In-catalase was slowly absorbed from the injection site. These results suggest that retention of catalase activity in the circulation is a promising approach to inhibit pulmonary metastasis.
    International Journal of Cancer 05/2002; 99(3):474-9. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the electrical charge on the intestinal absorption of a protein was studied in normal adult rats. Chicken egg lysozyme (Lyz), a basic protein with a molecular weight of 14,300, was selected and several techniques for chemical modification were applied. Then the intestinal absorption of Lyz derivatives was evaluated by measuring the radioactivity in plasma and tissues, after the administration of an (111)In-labeled derivative to an in situ closed loop of the jejunum. After the administration of (111)In-Lyz, the level of radioactivity in plasma was comparable with the lytic activity of Lyz, supporting the fact that the radioactivity represents intact Lyz. (111)In-cationized Lyz showed a 2-3 times higher level of radioactivity in plasma, whereas the radioactivity of (111)In-anionized Lyz was much lower. The absorption rate of (111)In-Lyz derivatives calculated by a deconvolution method was correlated for the strength of their positive net charge. A similar relationship was observed using superoxide dismutase. These findings indicate that the intestinal absorption of a protein is, at least partially, determined by its electrical charge.
    AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 05/2002; 282(4):G711-9. · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of serum mannan binding proteins (MBP) in the transfection of plasmid DNA/Man-liposome complex via mannose receptor-mediated endocytosis was studied in vitro using cultured mouse peritoneal macrophages. Plasmid DNA encoding luciferase gene was complexed with cationic mannosylated liposomes (Man-liposomes), composed of cholesten-5-yloxy-N-(4-((1-imino-2-D-thiomannosylethyl)amino)alkyl)formamide (Man-C4-Chol) and dioleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE). The transfection efficiency, as well as the binding and uptake of the plasmid DNA/Man-liposome complex, was investigated with or without serum MBP. The in vitro transfection efficiency of the complex was significantly reduced on increasing the amount of serum MBP. In addition, the cellular association of the complex was also reduced. These results indicate that serum MBP specifically binds to the mannose moieties on the complex and suppresses its cellular uptake, resulting in inhibition of the gene transfection in macrophages. Such an interaction is an obstacle to mannose receptor-mediated in vivo gene transfer to mannose receptor-positive cells using mannosylated gene carriers.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 05/2002; 1570(3):203-9. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mannosylated liposomes were prepared by incorporating cholesten-5-yloxy-N-(4-((1-imino-2-beta-D-thiomannosylethyl)amino)butyl)formamide (Man-C4-Chol) into small unilamellar liposomes consisting of cholesterol and distearoyl phosphatidylcholine (DSPC). The biodistribution of liposomes labeled with [3H]cholesteryl hexadecyl ether was examined in mice. The rate and extent of the hepatic uptake of those [3H]liposomes increased proportionally on increasing the mixing ratio of Man-C4-Chol. Their hepatic uptake was reduced by increasing the administered dose due to the limited number of mannose receptors. The liver uptake of [3H]Man-liposomes was preferentially mediated by liver non-parenchymal cells (NPC) and significantly inhibited by co-injection with an excess of Man-BSA, indicating the involvement of a mannose receptor-mediated mechanism in the hepatic uptake of Man-liposomes. Muramyl dipeptide (MDP), an immunomodulator, was also incorporated into the liposomes and its inhibitory effect in an experimental liver metastasis model was examined. In contrast to free MDP treatment, which showed little effect on the inhibition of metastasis, liposomal MDP significantly reduced the number of metastatic colonies in the liver. Active targeting of MDP to liver NPC by Man-liposomes resulted in more effective inhibition than delivery of MDP by liposomes without mannose. Treatment with MDP/Man-liposomes further increased the survival of the tumor-bearing mice. These results suggest that Man-liposomes are effective carriers for targeted delivery of bioactive compounds to liver NPC.
    Journal of Controlled Release 05/2002; 80(1-3):283-94. · 7.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of physicochemical properties on the in vivo pharmacokinetics of gene delivery vectors after systemic administration is reviewed based on our studies. We have been studying the development of DNA delivery systems, such as plasmid DNA complexed with cationic polymers (polyplexes) and cationic liposomes (lipoplexes). Even if target-recognizable ligand is incorporated into the system, the overall physicochemical properties, notably size and charge, are predominant factors influencing in vivo disposition characteristics of the vector. Based on this consideration, liver cell-specific carrier systems via receptor-mediated endocytosis were successfully developed by optimizing physicochemical characteristics. In conclusion, rational design of gene delivery vectors requires an understanding of their pharmacokinetics in relation to the physicochemical properties. Optimization of the physicochemical properties is important for successful in vivo gene delivery by non-viral vectors.
    Journal of Drug Targeting 04/2002; 10(2):99-104. · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Makiya Nishikawa, Mitsuru Hashida
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    ABSTRACT: Development of an efficient method of gene introduction to target cells is the key issue in treating genetic and acquired diseases by in vivo gene therapy. Although various nonviral approaches have been developed, any method needs to be optimized in terms of the target disease and transgene product. The most important information required is (i) target cell-specificity of gene transfer, (ii) efficiency, (iii) duration of transgene expression, and (iv) the number of transfected cells following in vivo application of a vector. These characteristics are determined by the properties of the vector used, as well as the route of its administration, biodistribution, interaction with biological components and the nature of the target cells. Cell-specific gene transfer can be achieved by controlling the tissue disposition of plasmid DNA (pDNA), although the interaction of the pDNA complex with biological components might limit the specificity. Various approaches have been reported to increase the efficiency of transgene expression, from cationic lipids/polymers to physical stimuli, but some of those are ineffective under in vivo conditions. The duration of transgene expression is a complex function involving variables including the cell type, transfection method, and plasmid construct. Immune response often reduces the level and duration of transgene expression. In addition, the number of transfected cells is important, especially in cases in which the therapeutic protein localizes within the target cells. Successful clinical application of nonviral gene delivery methods rely on the development of such methods optimized for a particular target disease.
    Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 04/2002; 25(3):275-83. · 1.85 Impact Factor
  • Praneet Opanasopit, Makiya Nishikawa, Mitsuru Hashida
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    ABSTRACT: Targeted drug delivery systems have been used extensively to improve the pharmacological and therapeutic activities of a wide variety of drugs and genes. In this article, we summarize the factors determining the tissue disposition of delivery systems: the physicochemical and biological characteristics of the delivery system and the anatomic and physiological characteristics of the tissues. There are several modes of drug and gene targeting, ranging from passive to active targeting, and each of these can be achieved by optimizing the design of the delivery system to suit a specific aim. After entering the systemic circulation, either by an intravascular injection or through absorption from an administration site, however, a delivery system encounters a variety of blood components, including blood cells and a range of serum proteins. These components are by no means inert as far as interaction with the delivery system is concerned, and they can sometimes markedly effect its tissue disposition. The interaction with blood components is known to occur with particulate delivery systems, such as liposomes, or with cationic charge-mediated delivery systems for genes. In addition to these rather nonspecific ones, interactions via the targeting ligand of the delivery system can occur. We recently found that mannosylated carriers interact with serum mannan binding protein, greatly altering their tissue disposition in a number of ways that depend on the properties of the carriers involved.
    Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems 02/2002; 19(3):191-233. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel polymeric prodrug of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) was synthesized using lactosylated poly(l-glutamic hydrazide) (Lac-NH-PLGA) as a targetable carrier to hepatocytes. Poly(l-glutamic hydrazide) (PLGA-HZ) was prepared by reacting poly(γ-benzyl-l-glutamate) with hydrazine monohydrate, followed by coupling with lactose via a hydrazone linkage. Then the lactosylated PLGA-HZ was reduced by sodium cyanoborohydride (NaBH3CN) in order to make the linkage irreversible (Lac-NH-PLGA). Finally, PGE1 was bound to hydrazide moieties remaining in Lac-NH-PLGA without any condensing agent under weakly acidic conditions (pH 5) where PGE1 would be chemically most stable at room temperature (PGE1 conjugate). The PGE1 conjugate prepared was sufficiently water-soluble in spite of the hydrophobic nature of its backbone (-NH-CH-CO-) and PGE1 itself. After intravenous injection in mice, the [111In]PGE1 conjugate rapidly accumulated in the liver, whereas [111In]PLGA-HZ did not, suggesting the involvement of a galactose-specific mechanism in the uptake of the [111In]PGE1 conjugate. Fractionation of liver cells revealed that the [111In]PGE1 conjugate was preferentially taken up by liver parenchymal cells. The pharmacological activity was examined in mice with fulminant hepatitis induced by intraperitoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride. Intravenous injection of the PGE1 conjugate at a dose of 1 mg (0.065 mg PGE1)/kg effectively inhibited the increase in plasma glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) activity compared with that of free PGE1 at a dose of 0.065 or 0.65 mg/kg. These results suggest that the PGE1 conjugate is an excellent prodrug for the treatment of fulminant hepatitis.
    Biochemical Pharmacology 01/2002; · 4.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cationic liposomes and polymers have been accepted as effective non-viral vectors for gene delivery with low immunogenicity unlike viral vectors. However, the lack of organ or cell specificity sometimes hampers their application and the development of a cell-specific targeting technology for them attracts great interest in gene therapy. In this review, the potential of cell-specific delivery of genes with glycosylated liposomes or polymers is discussed. Galactosylated liposomes and poly(amino acids) are selectively taken up by the asialoglycoprotein receptor-positive liver parenchymal cells in vitro and in vivo after intravenous injection. DNA–galactosylated cationic liposome complexes show higher DNA uptake and gene expression in the liver parencymal cells in vitro than DNA complexes with bare cationic liposomes. In the in vitro gene transfer experiment, galactosylated liposome complexes are more efficient than DNA–galactosylated poly(amino acids) complexes but they have some difficulties in their biodistribution control. On the other hand, introduction of mannose residues to carriers resulted in specific delivery of genes to non-parenchymal liver cells. These results suggest advantages of these glycosylated carriers in cell-specific targeted delivery of genes.
    Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 12/2001; · 12.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous study demonstrated that the combination of mannosylated superoxide dismutase (Man-SOD) and succinylated catalase (Suc-CAT), both of which are designed to be targeted to liver nonparenchymal cells, is a promising approach to prevent the initial phase of hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury induced by occlusion of the portal vein for 30 min followed by a 1-h reperfusion in mice. In this study, the preventive effects of these agents were examined on late-phase injury mediated by infiltrating neutrophils, a more severe condition than the initial one. Administration of Suc-CAT alone or with Man-SOD to mice undergoing hepatic ischemia/reperfusion significantly suppressed the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 along the hepatic sinusoid and prevented neutrophil infiltration in the liver. Man-SOD and Suc-CAT also prevented the increase in plasma glutamic pyruvic transaminase and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase activities after reperfusion lasting 3 and 6 h. Histological evaluation of liver tissues confirmed the efficacy of this treatment, suggesting that these SOD and catalase derivatives have the ability to suppress neutrophil-induced hepatic injury. These results demonstrate that targeted delivery of antioxidant enzymes to liver nonparenchymal cells is a promising approach to reducing the reactive oxygen species produced by Kupffer cells and neutrophils infiltrating into the tissue. Since Suc-CAT is partially taken up by hepatocytes via a catalase-specific uptake mechanism, such a fraction could also be involved in its preventive effect against the injury.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 10/2001; 298(3):894-9. · 3.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In vivo recognition of mannosylated proteins by hepatic mannose receptors and serum mannan-binding protein (MBP) was investigated in mice. After intravenous administration, all three different (111)In-mannosylated proteins were taken up mainly by liver, and uptake was saturated with increasing doses. (111)In-Man-superoxide dismutases and (111)In-Man(12)- and (111)In-Man(16)-BSA had simple dose-dependent pharmacokinetic profiles, whereas other derivatives ((111)In-Man(25)-, -Man(35)-, and -Man(46)-BSA and (111)In-Man-IgGs) showed slow hepatic uptake at <1 mg/kg. Purified MBP experiments in vitro indicated that these derivatives bind to MBP in serum after injection, which interferes with their hepatic uptake. To quantitatively evaluate these recognition properties in vivo, a pharmacokinetic model-based analysis was performed for (111)In-Man-BSAs, estimating some parameters, including the Michaelis-Menten constant of the hepatic uptake and the dissociation constant of MBP, which correlate to the affinity of Man-BSAs for mannose receptors and MBP, respectively. The dissociation constant of Man-BSA and MBP decreased dramatically with increasing density of mannose, but the Michaelis-Menten constant of hepatic uptake of Man-BSA was not so sensitive to the change in density. This suggests that the in vivo recognition of MBP has a stronger cluster effect than that of mannose receptors. Differences obtained here are due to the unique arrangement of carbohydrate recognition domains on each mannose-specific lectin available for mannosylated ligand recognition.
    AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 06/2001; 280(5):G879-89. · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of pharmacokinetic studies following systemic or local administration for the development of delivery systems for gene drugs, such as plasmid DNA and oligonucleotides, are reviewed. The pharmacokinetics of gene drugs after intravenous injection into mice was evaluated based on clearance concepts. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed that the overall disposition characteristics of the gene drug itself were determined by the physicochemical properties of its polyanionic DNA. Based on these findings, liver cell-specific carrier systems via receptor-mediated endocytosis were successfully developed by optimizing physicochemical characteristics. On the other hand, the pharmacokinetics of gene drugs after intratumoral injection were assessed in a tissue-isolated tumor perfusion system. The relationship between the physicochemical properties of gene drug delivery systems and intratumoral pharmacokinetics was determined and the therapeutic effect was also discussed in relation to pharmacokinetics. Collectively, it was demonstrated that a rational design of gene drug delivery systems that can control their in vivo disposition is possible by means of pharmacokinetic studies at whole body, organ and cellular levels.
    European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 05/2001; 13(1):71-6. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The roles of serum mannan binding protein (MBP) and the mannose receptor in the cellular uptake of mannosylated liposomes (Man-liposomes) by macrophages were studied. Man-liposomes were prepared by incorporating cholesten-5-yloxy-N-(4-((1-imino-2-beta-D-thiomannosylethyl)amino)butyl)formamide (Man-C4-Chol) into small unilamellar long circulating liposomes consisting of cholesterol (Chol) and distearoyl phosphatidylcholine (DSPC). In the in vitro cellular uptake study with cultured mouse peritoneal macrophages, [(3)H]Man-liposomes were taken up to a great extent, whereas no significant uptake was observed for [(3)H]cholesterol and DSPC liposomes without Man-C4-Chol (Bare-liposomes). The uptake of [(3)H]Man-liposomes was dose- and temperature-dependent and inhibited by an excess of mannosylated bovine serum albumin, suggesting their specific uptake via membrane mannose receptor-mediated endocytosis. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that (111)In-MBP binds strongly to Man-liposomes based on the recognition of Man-C4-Chol and markedly enhanced their uptake by macrophages. These results are supported by confocal laser microscopic images. In addition, in vivo hepatic uptake of (111)In-MBP was enhanced by Man-liposomes. On the other hand, the uptake of Man-liposomes was significantly reduced by preincubation with serum and further with MBP-depleted serum suggesting inhibitory effects of serum proteins such as albumin on mannose receptor-mediated endocytosis. The involvement of serum-type MBP and membrane mannose receptors in the uptake of Man-liposomes is thus suggested.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 04/2001; 1511(1):134-45. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the potential utility of fucosylation of drug carriers for targeted drug delivery to Kupffer cells, the pharmacokinetics of (111)In-labeled fucosylated bovine serum albumin (Fuc-BSA) with different numbers of fucose residues (11, 16, 25, 31 or 41) was studied. After intravenous injection in mice, all (111)In-Fuc-BSAs were mainly delivered to the liver and their hepatic uptake became saturated when the dose was increased. Of these derivatives, only (111)In-Fuc41-BSA showed a slow plasma elimination at low doses, suggesting an interaction with blood components. Examination of binding conditions as well as electrophoretic analysis of the binding components indicated that the serum-type mannan binding protein (MBP) is responsible. Kupffer cells, which possess fucose receptors, showed the highest uptake of (111)In-Fuc41-BSA, followed by endothelial cells and hepatocytes. The hepatic uptake of (111)In-Fuc41-BSA was inhibited by co-injection of Gal42-BSA, but not by Man46-BSA. On the other hand, excess Fuc41-BSA inhibited the hepatic uptake of (111)In-Man46-BSA, while (111)In-Gal42-BSA did not: These findings suggest that not only the fucose receptors on Kupffer cells but also other lectins are involved in the biodistribution of Fuc-BSAs. To understand how the degree of fucose modification affects the binding affinity of Fuc-BSA with hepatic lectins and serum MBP, a pharmacokinetic analysis was performed based on a physiological model. The Michaelis constant of the hepatic uptake of (111)In-Fuc-BSA decreased with an increasing number of fucose units, and the intrinsic hepatic clearance of (111)In-Fuc25-, (111)In-Fuc31- and (111)In-Fuc41-BSAs was close to, or much greater than, the hepatic plasma flow rate, indicating efficient hepatic uptake of these derivatives. These results suggest that fucosylation is a potentially useful method making drug carriers selective for Kupffer cells, although extensive modification might result in retarded delivery due to binding to other lectins like MBP.
    Journal of Drug Targeting 02/2001; 9(5):341-51. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To achieve hepatocyte-targeted in vivo gene expression, a carrier that controls both the tissue and intracellular distribution of DNA was designed and synthesized. A cationic polymer, poly(L-ornithine) (pOrn), was modified first with galactose, then with a fusigenic peptide (mHA2) to obtain Gal-pOrn-mHA2. When applied with Gal-pOrn-mHA2 to asialoglycoprotein receptor-positive cells, fluorescein-labeled DNA showed a diffuse profile, suggesting the release of DNA from endosomes and/or lysosomes by the carrier. Then the biodistribution and gene expression after intravenous injection of DNA complexes (10 microg DNA per mouse) were examined. After injection of [32P]DNA/Gal-pOrn-mHA2, about 60% of the radioactivity was recovered in the liver, mostly in parenchymal cells. A large amount (81 ng/g tissue) of transgene product (luciferase) was detected in the liver of mice injected with DNA/Gal-pOm-mHA2, which was 280-fold greater than that obtained with DNA/DOTMA:Chol liposomes (50 microg DNA). Prior administration of galactosylated albumin reduced the gene expression to 1/100, indicating the asialoglycoprotein receptor-mediated gene transfer in liver parenchymal cells, ie hepatocytes. The luciferase activity in hepatocytes contributed more than 95% of the total activity in all the tissues examined. Thus, hepatocyte-targeted in vivo gene expression was achieved by the intravenous injection of DNA complex with the multifunctional gene carrier.
    Gene Therapy 05/2000; 7(7):548-55. · 4.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the relationship between in vivo disposition of macromolecules and their physicochemical and biological characteristics obtained through clearance concept-based pharmacokinetic analysis, polymeric prodrugs of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) were designed stepwise and evaluated on their targeting and therapeutic efficiencies. Although galactosylated poly-L-glutamic acid with a ethylene diamine (ED) spacer (Gal-ED-PLGA) showed good targeting efficacy in mice, its PGE1 conjugate synthesized by the carbonyldiimidazole method failed to show therapeutic effects probably due to inactivation of PGE1 during conjugation and lack of release in the tissue. In order to overcome these problems, PGE1 was conjugated to galactosylated poly-(L-glutamic acid) hydrazide (Gal-HZ-PLGA) via hydrazone bond. The PGE1-Gal-HZ-PLGA conjugate labeled with [111In] or [3H]PGE1 rapidly accumulated in the liver parenchymal cells after intravenous injection. In addition, PGE1 conjugate effectively inhibited the increase of GPT level in plasma, while free PGE1 indicated no therapeutic efficacy even at more than ten times higher doses, in carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatitis mice. These findings suggest potentials of polymeric targeting systems of PGE1 to hepatocyte utilizing galactose recognition.
    Pharmazie 04/2000; 55(3):202-5. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A novel mannosylated cholesterol derivative, cholesten-5-yloxy-N-(4-((1-imino-2-beta-D-thiomannosyl -ethyl)amino)bu tyl) formamide (Man-C4-Chol), was synthesized in order to perform mannose receptor-mediated gene transfer with liposomes. Plasmid DNA encoding luciferase gene (pCMV-Luc) complexed with liposomes, consisting of a 6:4 mixture of Man-C4-Chol and dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE), showed higher transfection activity than that complexed with 3beta[N-(N', N'-dimethylaminoethane)-carbamoyl]cholesterol (DC-Chol)/DOPE(6:4) and N-[1-(2,3-dioleyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium chloride (DOTMA)/DOPE(1:1) liposomes in mouse peritoneal macrophages. The presence of 20 mM mannose significantly inhibited the transfection efficiency of pCMV-Luc complexed with Man-C4-Chol/DC- Chol/DOPE(3:3:4) and Man-C4-Chol/DOPE(6:4) liposomes. High gene expression of pCMV-Luc was observed in the liver after intravenously injecting mice with Man-C4-Chol/DOPE(6:4) liposomes, whereas DC-Chol/DOPE(6:4) liposomes only showed marked expression in the lung. The gene expression with Man-C4-Chol/DOPE(6:4) liposome/ DNA complexes in the liver was observed preferentially in the non-parenchymal cells and was significantly reduced by predosing with mannosylated bovine serum albumin. The gene expression in the liver was greater following intraportal injection. These results suggest that plasmid DNA complexed with mannosylated liposomes exhibits high transfection activity due to recognition by mannose receptors both in vitro and in vivo. Gene Therapy (2000) 7, 292-299.
    Gene Therapy 03/2000; 7(4):292-9. · 4.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the in vivo genetransfer for galactosylated liposomes containingcholesten-5-yloxy-N-(4-((1-imino-2--D-thiogalactosylethyl)amino)butyl)formamide(Gal-C4-Chol)in relation to lipid composition and charge ratio. Methods. Galactosylated cationic liposomes containingN-]1-(2,3-dioleyloxy)propyl]-n,n,n-trimethylammonium chloride(DOTMA),Gal-C4-Chol and cholesterol(Chol), and similar liposomes were prepared.Plasmid DNA complexed with a galactosylated liposome preparationwas injected intraportally into mice. The mice were sacrificed after 6hours. The tissues were subjected to luciferase assay. Results. A markedly higher gene expression in the liver followinginjection of plasmid DNA that has been complexed withDOTMA/Chol/Gal-C4-Chol(1:0.5:0.5) and DOTMA/Gal-C4-Chol(1:1)liposomes was observed. The effect was one order of magnitude higherthan naked DNA and DOTMA/Chol(1:1) liposomes. Pre-exposing withgalactosylated bovine serum albumin significantly reduced the hepaticgene expression. By comparison, the gene expression for galactosylatedcationic liposomes containing3[N-(N,N-dimethylaminoethane)-carbamoyl]cholesterol,Gal-C4-Chol and dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine was 10 times lower.As far as the charge ratio of DOTMA/Chol/Gal-CA-Chol(1:0.5:0.5) liposomesto plasmid DNA(1.6-7.0) was concerned, complexes with charge ratiosof 2.3-3.1 produced maximal gene expression in the liver. Whereas,higher ratios resulted in enhanced expression in the lung. Conclusions. By optimizing lipid composition and charge ratio,galactosylated liposome/DNA complexes allow superior in vivo genetransfection in the liver via asialoglycoprotein receptor-mediatedendocytosis.
    Pharmaceutical Research 02/2000; 17(3):306-313. · 4.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To achieve mannose receptor-mediated, cell-specific, in vivo gene transfer by intravenous injection of plasmid DNA, mannosylated poly(L-lysine) (Man-PLL) was synthesized as a carrier molecule, and mixed with a plasmid DNA encoding chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene to form DNA/Man-PLL complex. The particle size and zeta potential of DNA/Man-PLL (prepared at 1:0.7 on a weight basis) were determined to be 220 nm and +12 mV, respectively. The pharmacokinetics of the DNA/Man-PLL complex was assessed in mice using 32P-labeled DNA ([32P]DNA). After intravenous injection of [32P]DNA/Man-PLL, the radioactivity in plasma fell rapidly and was recovered mainly in the liver nonparenchymal cells. The amount in the liver reached more than 80% of the dose. Radioactivity observed in kidney, lung, and spleen was very low compared to that in the liver. Then, the in vivo gene expression after intravenous injection of DNA/Man-PLL was examined by a CAT assay. Highest CAT activity was detected in the liver, but no activity was detected in the lung, kidney, and spleen. These results clearly indicate that a cell-specific gene delivery system can be developed by regulating the biodistribution of DNA/carrier complex through the control of its physicochemical properties.
    Journal of Drug Targeting 02/2000; 8(1):29-38. · 2.77 Impact Factor

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  • 1992–2014
    • Kyoto University
      • • Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      • • Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences / Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2010
    • Doshisha Women's College of Liberal Arts
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2007
    • Kyoto Pharmaceutical University
      • Laboratory of Analytical and Bioinorganic Chemistry
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2005
    • University of Kansas
      Lawrence, Kansas, United States
  • 1999
    • Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
      • Department of Surgery
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
    • Okayama University
      • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan
  • 1993
    • Setsunan University
      • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan