Hidenori Miyake

The University of Tokushima, Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan

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Publications (74)143.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is a well-established entity among pancreatic neoplasms, which ranges from low-grade dysplasia to invasive carcinoma. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contributes to tumor progression in various cancers. Moreover, Notch signaling is one of the important upstream effectors of EMT promotion. Currently, it is unclear whether EMT causes pathological progression of IPMN.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 06/2014; · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is a risk factor for the onset of liver cancer in patients with cirrhosis. To prevent overfeeding and obesity, estimation of energy requirement is important, but energy expenditure in patients with liver cirrhosis has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to investigate resting energy expenditure (REE) and energy intake in patients with cirrhosis and determine adequate energy intake criteria. In this cross-sectional study, indirect calorimetry measurement was conducted in 488 Japanese inpatients with cirrhosis. We compared REE measured by indirect calorimetry (M-REE) with basal energy expenditure (BEE) predicted by the Harris-Benedict equation (H-BEE) and Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) for Japanese (D-BEE). Mean M-REE (1256 kcal) was significantly lower than H-BEE (1279 kcal); however, it was not significantly different from D-BEE (1254 kcal). Mean M-REE expressed in relation to body weight (BW; REE/kg BW) was 21.7 kcal/kg BW. H-BEE was significantly higher than M-REE in patients in the first and second quartiles of BMI, and D-BEE was significantly different from MREE in patients in the highest and lowest quartiles of BMI. Average energy intake was 30.5 kcal/kg BW, which was 1.4 times greater than REE/kg BW. Although DRI is a useful tool for the estimation of REE in patients in the second and third quartiles of BMI, M-REE is recommended to ensure the provision of adequate nutritional care to patients with cirrhosis, including those in the highest and lowest quartiles of BMI.
    Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 06/2014; 23(2):197-204. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CD151 is a member of the tetraspanin family, which interacts with laminin-binding integrins and other tetraspanins. CD151 is involved in several pathologic activities associated with tumor progression, including metastasis and angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical use of CD151 expression in gallbladder cancer (GBC).
    Surgery 05/2014; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was carried out to clarify the clinicopathological features of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) arising in patients without viral infection and to confirm the influence of metabolic syndrome (MS) on characteristics in HCC patients.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2014; 61(129):129-35. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction CD151 is a member of the tetraspanin family, which interacts with laminin-binding integrins and other tetraspanins. CD151 is involved in several pathologic activities associated with tumor progression, including metastasis and angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical use of CD151 expression in gallbladder cancer (GBC). Methods Forty-five patients with GBC who had undergone operative treatment were enrolled in this study. Expressions of CD151 in the resected GBC specimens were evaluated with anti-CD151 antibody. The patients were divided into positive and negative groups according to CD151 expression: CD151-positive group (n = 26) and CD151-negative group (n = 19). Clinicopathologic factors, including Ki-67 and matrix metallopeptidase 9, also were compared between the two groups. Results CD151-positive expression was 58% and correlated with poorer prognosis; 5-year survival of CD151-positive and CD151-negative groups was 29% and 78%, respectively (P = .006). CD151 expression also correlated with lymphatic invasion and curability. Multivariate analysis revealed that CD151-positive expression was an independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio 2.97, P = .02). In addition, CD151 expression correlated with matrix metallopeptidase 9 expression (P < .05) but not with Ki67 expression. Conclusion Those findings suggested that CD151-positive expression might be a potential prognostic indicator and one of the target molecules for the regulation of tumor metastasis for patients with GBC.
    Surgery 01/2014; · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background & aims A late evening snack (LES) is recommended for improving starvation state in cirrhotic patients. The non-protein respiratory quotient (npRQ) is an important index for evaluating the indications and effectiveness of LES. Indirect calorimetry is used to determine npRQ, but it is expensive and not available in many hospitals. The aim was to find blood biochemical markers reflecting npRQ. Methods A total of 183 cirrhotic patients (M/F = 149/34) were enrolled. For each patient, fasting state npRQ was determined by indirect calorimetry. The relationships between npRQ and indices such as age, body mass index, platelet count, etiology, and levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin, albumin, blood glucose, and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) were statistically analyzed. Results There was a significant negative correlation between the measured npRQ and serum NEFA levels, and the NEFA level was the strongest predictor of npRQ. Multiple regression analysis identified that the NEFA and Hepatitis B virus were predictors of npRQ. Conclusion These data suggest that fasting serum NEFA level is the most relevant biomarker to determine npRQ if indirect calorimetry is unavailable. Thus, serum NEFA levels may be useful to determine the indications and effectiveness of LES therapy in cirrhotic patients.
    e-SPEN Journal. 06/2013; 8(3):e90–e94.
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    ABSTRACT: Key Words: Dai-ken-chu-to; Hepatic resection. Abbreviations: Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT); C-Reactive Protein (CRP); Dai-Ken- Chu-To (DKT); Postoperative Day (POD); Prothrombin Time-International Normalized Ratio (PT-INR); Total Bilirubin (TBil); Total Protein (TP); White Blood Cell (WBC). Background/Aims: After hepatic resection, delayed flatus and impaired bowel movement often cause problematic postoperative ileus. Kampo medicine, Dai-kenchu- to (DKT), is reported to have a various beneficial effects on bowel systems. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate effects of DKT after hepatic resection. Methodology: Thirty-two patients who underwent hepatic resection between July 2007 and August 2008 in Tokushima University Hospital were prospectively divided into DKT group (n=16) and control group (n=16). In DKT group, 2.5g of DKT was administered orally three times a day from postoperative day (POD) 1. Blood was examined on POD 1, 3, 5 and 7. Postoperative first flatus, bowel movement and full recovery of oral intake, hospital stays and complications were checked. Results: In DKT group, levels of c-reactive protein and beta-(1-3)-D-glucan on POD 3 were significantly decreased (p<0.05). Moreover, postoperative periods for the first flatus, bowel movement and the full recovery of oral intake were significantly shortened in DKT group (p<0.05). Conclusions: DKT suppressed inflammatory reaction, stimulated bowel movement and improved oral intake after hepatic resection, which may decrease serious morbidity after hepatic resection.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 10/2012; 59(119):2290-4. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Key Words: Pegylated-interferon α-2b; Partial hepatectomy; Liver regeneration; Massive hepatectomy; Small-forsize graft. Abbreviations: 2'5' Oligoadenylate Synthetase (OAS); Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST); Blood Platelet (PLT); Choline-Deficient Ethionine-Supplemented (CDE); dsRNA-Dependent Protein Kinase (PKR); Hepatectomy (Hx); Hepatitis C Virus (HCV); Interferon (IFN); Labeling Index (LI); Liver Transplantation (LT); Liver weight to Body weight ratio (Lw/Bw ratio); Living Donor Liver Transplantation (LDLT); Ornithine Decarboxylase (ODC); Pegylated- Interferon (PEGIFN); Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA); Standard Deviation (SD); White Blood Cell (WBC).Background/Aims: The impact of pegylated-interferon (PEG-IFN) α-2b on liver regeneration has not yet been elucidated. Methodology: Rats were divided into the following four groups: 70% hepatectomy (Hx); 70% Hx+PEG-IFN; 90% Hx and 90% Hx+PEG-IFN group (n=6 each). Rats were pretreated with subcutaneous of PEGIFN α-2b (1.5μg/kg) administration 24 hours before Hx. Samples were taken 24, 48 and 72 hours after Hx and the following parameters were investigated: blood analysis (AST, WBC, PLT); liver weight to body weight ratio (Lw/Bw ratio); survival and PCNA labeling index (LI). Results: In the 90% Hx model, there was no significant difference between the Hx+PEG-IFN group and the Hx alone group in blood analysis; AST after postoperative 24 hours (2511 vs. 2466IU/L), WBC (1200 vs. 1290) and PLT (107 vs. 111 x104/mm3), in Lw/Bw ratio at postoperative 0, 24, 48, 72 hours, respectively (0.38, 0.60, 1.14, 1.69 vs. 0.37, 0.64, 1.12, 1.63), in postoperative survival (40% vs. 45%), and in PCNA LI at postoperative 0, 24, 48, 72 hours, respectively (10.4%, 16.8%, 14.6%, 12.8% vs. 10.0%, 17.1%, 15.6%, 13.7%). In the 70% Hx model, there was no significant difference between the Hx+PEG-IFN group and the Hx alone group for all parameters. Conclusions: Our data demonstrated that PEG-IFN α-2b did not affect liver regeneration and the early use of PEG-IFN α-2b would cause no problems after liver transplantation using partial grafts including living donor liver transplantation.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 10/2012; 59(119):2300-4. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: CD44 is well known to be one of the cancer stem cell markers and is a cell-surface glycoprotein involved in cell-cell interactions, cell adhesion, and cell migration. We investigated the role of CD44 expression in both tumor and non-tumor tissues on recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Forty-eight patients with HCC who underwent hepatic resection at our institution were enrolled in this study. CD44 expressions in both tumor and non-tumor tissues were examined using real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The patients were divided into two groups: high and low gene-expression group, based on the CD44 expression level. We compared the clinicopathological factors between the high expression and low expression groups in both tumor and non-tumor tissues. RESULTS: In the tumor tissues, the gene-expression levels of CD44 did not correlate with any clinicopathological parameters. The disease-free survival rate showed no significant difference between the two groups. In non-tumor tissues, although there was no significant relationship between the CD44 expression levels and clinicopathological factors, disease-free survival rate in the CD44 low expression group was significantly better than that in the CD44 high expression group (P < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, the risk factors in tumor recurrence were presence of microscopic portal invasion and high expression level of CD44. CONCLUSION: The CD44 expressions in the non-tumor tissues may predict HCC recurrence.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 06/2012; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) plays an important role in chromatin remodeling and gene expression, and in regulating cell cycle progression and differentiation. Furthermore, hypoxic conditions in the malignant tumor enhance HDAC function and increased HDAC activity is closely involved in worse malignant behavior through hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) activation. The aim of this study was to elucidate the correlation between HDAC expression and tumor malignant behavior including HIF-1α expression in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC). Thirty-five patients with IHCC who underwent hepatic resection were evaluated. HDAC1 and HIF-1α expressions were determined immunohistochemically, and the patients were divided into 2 groups: the HDAC1 positive group (n = 21) and the HDAC1 negative group (n = 14). Clinicopathologic variables including HIF-1α expression were compared between the 2 groups. HDAC1 expression correlated significantly with higher stage carcinoma, lymph node metastasis, and vascular invasion. The prognosis in the HDAC1 positive group was poorer than in the HDAC1 negative group (5-year survival: 78% vs 8%, P = .001). Furthermore, disease free survival rate in the HDAC1 positive group had significantly worse than that in the HDAC1 negative group (P = .0003). In the multivariate analysis, HDAC1 positive expression was identified as the only independent prognostic factor for disease free survival (Hazard Ratio: 7.194, P = .0018). Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between HDAC1 expression and HIF-1α expression (P = .007). These findings suggested that HDAC1 positive expression was a potential new prognostic indicator of IHCC, and a possible promising molecular target through the regulation of HIF-1α.
    Surgery 03/2012; 151(3):412-9. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim:  The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of super-elderly hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients aged 80 years or more who underwent hepatectomy and to clarify whether elderly patients with HCC benefit from hepatectomy. Methods:  Between March 1992 and December 2008, 278 patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC were investigated. Super-elderly patients were defined as those aged 80 years or more. Clinicopathological data and outcomes after hepatectomy were compared between super-elderly and non-super-elderly groups. Results:  Preoperative parameters, such as biochemical examinations, and liver function tests in the non-super-elderly group were comparable with those of the super-elderly group (n = 11). Exceptionally, albumin level in the super-elderly group was lower than that in the non-super-elderly group (P = 0.03). Surgical data and the prevalence of postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the two groups. No mortality was observed in the super-elderly and non-super-elderly group. Conclusions:  Hepatectomy for HCC was a feasible option even in super elderly patients aged 80 years or older with accurate selection.
    Hepatology Research 02/2012; 42(5):454-8. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thymidylate synthase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) are important enzymes in the metabolism of 5-fluorouracil and possible predictive markers. We conducted this study to clarify if TS and DPD gene expressions are a prognostic indicator for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC). The subjects of this study were 21 patients with IHCC who had undergone surgical resection. Intratumoral TS and DPD mRNA expressions were examined using the Danenberg tumor profile method and classified into two groups according to the median value of each. We then compared the clinicopathological variables, including prognosis, between the high and low expression groups. Low DPD expression was correlated with macroscopic type, namely, mass-forming + infiltrative (P = 0.08). Postoperative survival rates in the low DPD expression group were significantly lower than those in the high DPD expression group. Multivariate analysis revealed macroscopic type to be an independent prognostic factor, whereas TS mRNA expression did not correlate with any clinicopathological variables, including prognosis. Low DPD mRNA expression was related to macroscopic type and associated with poor prognosis. DPD mRNA expression in tumor cells is suggested to be an important regulator of malignant behavior in IHCC.
    Surgery Today 12/2011; 42(2):135-40. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the prognostic factors of peripheral-type intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (PP-IHCC) and evaluate the surgical outcomes according to surgical strategy alterations. Twenty-two patients were divided into two groups according to the surgical strategy: an extended surgery group (Ex group: n = 10), composed of those who underwent hepatic lobectomy combined with lymph node (LN) dissection and bile duct resection; and a customized surgery group (Cx group: n = 12), composed of those who underwent hepatectomy and bile duct resection according to tumor spread. LN dissection was not performed in patients without LN metastasis. Multivariate analysis revealed that R2 resection, LN metastasis, and intrahepatic metastasis were independent prognostic factors. LN dissection was significantly infrequent in the Cx group. Survival after curative resection was similar in the two groups (3-year survival: 42.9 vs. 57.1%). Liver metastasis was the most frequent primary recurrence, occurring in more than 80% of patients from both groups. Curative surgery might improve the prognosis of patients with PP-IHCC, but routine LN dissection is not recommended, particularly for patients without LN metastasis. Surgery alone, including LN dissection, cannot control this type of tumor, and additional treatment should be given.
    Surgery Today 11/2011; 42(2):147-51. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The liver-hanging maneuver (LHM) is a useful technique in major hepatectomy. We made modifications to this technique with special reference to the ligamentum venosum for performing a left hepatectomy (LH). The aim of this study was to clarify the usefulness of our new technique. Between August 2007 and May 2009, five patients underwent LH using our modified LHM and 12 patients underwent LH using a conventional procedure. The two groups were compared in terms of the patient characteristics, preoperative hepatic functions, surgical records, and outcomes. The characteristics and preoperative hepatic function tests were similar between the modified LHM and non-LHM groups. Intraoperative blood loss was significantly reduced in the modified LHM group compared with the non-LHM group (193 ± 133 vs. 375 ± 167 ml, P < 0.05). The lengths of the operations and time required to perform a parenchymal transection did not differ significantly between the two groups (duration of operations 273 ± 37 vs. 337 ± 70 min; transection times 29 ± 10 vs. 28 ± 13 min). The postoperative complications and hospital stays did not differ significantly between the two groups. Our modified LHM can reduce the intraoperative blood loss during LH, and our results have shown the usefulness of this modified technique for LH.
    Surgery Today 11/2011; 42(8):720-3. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a new technique of ultrasound (US)-guided microwave coagulation (MC) of the Glissonean pedicle, performed before transection to control the inflow and select the resection area. This report introduces our procedure and evaluates the outcomes of patients treated using this technique. The Glissonean pedicles feeding the segment or cone unit were coagulated by US-guided MC, after which transection was performed. We used this US-guided MC technique to perform anatomical resections in 12 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (MC group). We compared the outcomes of this group with those of a historical group of 10 patients who underwent conventional hepatectomy (control group). The two groups were well matched for age, tumor size, location, and type of hepatectomy. The mean operative times were similar, but the mean blood loss was significantly lower the in MC group than in the control group. Recurrence developed in four patients from the MC group, but local recurrence was not observed. Bile leakage occurred in one patient from the MC group, but the incidences of postoperative complications did not differ between the groups. Our procedure allows anatomical resection to be performed safely and easily, and helps prevent intrahepatic metastasis via portal flow during the transection.
    Surgery Today 11/2011; 42(1):35-40. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) is known to be one of the most malignant tumors. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor, which plays a central role in biologic processes under hypoxic conditions. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of HIF-1 in IHCC. Thirty-five patients with IHCC who underwent hepatic resection were enrolled in this study. The expression of HIF-1a was determined immunohistochemically and the patients were divided into two groups: HIF-1a positive group (n=22) and HIF-1a negative group (n=13). Clinicopathological variables including prognosis were compared between the two groups. The prognostic factors were investigated by multivariate analysis using Cox's proportional hazard model. HIF-1a expression correlated significantly with higher stage, and tended to correlate with tumor diameter (>4cm), vessels infiltration and intrahepatic metastasis. The prognosis in HIF-1a positive group was poorer than that in HIF-1a negative group (5-year survival: 62.9% vs. 18.3%). Furthermore, HIF-1a positive expression was identified as an independent prognostic factor for both overall and disease free survival. The findings suggested that the intratumoral HIF-1a regulated malignant behavior and was a new prognostic indicator of IHCC.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 07/2011; 58(110-111):1439-44. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: In patients with liver cirrhosis, abnormal energy metabolism induces low health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores. However, late-evening snack (LES) prevents morning starvation in cirrhotic patients. Our aim is to assess the effect of long-term LES on HRQOL in cirrhotic patients, using the 36-item Short Form (SF-36) health survey. Methods: Thirty-nine cirrhotic patients classified as Child-Pugh grade A were recruited. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: 24 were assigned to the non-LES group and 15 to the LES group. SF-36 scores, anthropometric data and serum biochemical parameters were examined in the non-LES and LES groups at 0, 6 and 12 months. Results: Neither anthropometric data nor laboratory data showed significant differences between the non-LES and the LES groups at 0, 6 and 12 months. The role-emotional (RE) HRQOL scores at 6 months and mental health (MH) scores at 6 and 12 months were significantly reduced from the baseline level in the non-LES group. In contrast, these scores remained unchanged in the LES group. General health perception (GH) scores at 12 months, RE at 6 months and MH at 6 and 12 months in the LES group were significantly higher than those of the non-LES group. Conclusion: Long-term LES administration may be helpful in maintaining higher HRQOL in patients with cirrhosis.
    Hepatology Research 04/2010; 40(5):470-6. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Selenoprotein P (SeP), a plasma protein, is considered to have a protective effect against various organ damages. We investigated whether addition of SeP to storage solution could attenuate cold ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) in rat liver transplantation. After 24 hrs cold preservation in either University of Wisconsin (UW) solution with or without SeP (1 micromol/L or 10 micromol/L), the liver was flushed with warm lactated Ringer's solution. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level in the venous effluent was measured. Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx) was then performed after the same preservation as above. Blood biochemical features and tissue lipid peroxide levels were measured after OLTx, and morphometric changes analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end-labeling (TUNEL) staining. ALT levels in effluent in the SeP 10 group were significantly lower than those in other groups. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were significantly decreased in the SeP 10 group. Histological examinations showed amelioration of sinusoidal damage in the SeP 10 group at 1 hr after OLTx. Percentages of necrotic areas and apoptotic sinusoidal endothelial cells were decreased in the SeP 10 group. The addition of SeP to UW solution attenuates injury in OLTx.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2009; 56(94-95):1501-6. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute liver failure after massive hepatectomy remains a challenging problem. In this study, using a microarray designed to monitor the side effects of drugs, we examined changes in gene expression in the remnant liver during the 24 h after hepatectomy and the effects of a nontoxic heat shock protein (HSP) 70 inducer, geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), after 90% hepatectomy in rats. A single oral administration of 100 mg/kg GGA significantly suppressed the release of aminotransferases and improved survival compared with vehicle administration. The hepatectomy upregulated 74 genes and downregulated 95. Interestingly, ten cytokine genes were upregulated, while no cytokine-related gene was downregulated. Among the ten cytokine genes, a potent chemoattractant for neutrophils, GRO1, was most rapidly and markedly upregulated after 90% hepatectomy. GGA effectively suppressed the up-regulation of GRO1 messenger ribonucleic acid, and this was validated by Northern hybridization. Microarray and immunoblot analyses showed that, in addition to HSP70 and HSP27, GGA preferentially induced an endoplasmic reticulum chaperone, BIP. Considering hemodynamic and metabolic overloading as a primary cause of acute lever failure, the ER stress response enhanced by GGA may also play an important role in the prevention of overload-induced liver damage.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 09/2008; 13(1):66-73. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite an adequate hepatic resection, theprognosis of the patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that have macroscopic tumor thrombus in the portal vein has still been poor. The prognosis of those patients and was investigated the significance of postoperative adjuvant therapy was discussed in this study. Twenty five patients who had Vp2 or more portal invasion were included in this study. Those patients were retrospectively divided into 2 groups: the systemic interferon alpha, 5-Fluorouracil (FU) and cisplatin group (n = 10, IFN+ chemo group); and the no adjuvant therapy group (n = 15, control group). The overall survival rate was significantly higher in the IFN+chemo group compared with the control group. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in regard to the disease-free survival rate. However, a difference in the recurrence pattern was observed between the 2 groups. In the IFN+chemo group, 3 of 6 patients with a recurrence had a single tumor in the remnant liver. While in the control group, 10 of 11 recurrent patients had either distant metastasis or multiple recurrences in the residual liver. Our new adjuvant systemic therapy including interferon alpha, 5FU and cisplatin for advanced HCC with macroscopic portal invasion is promising.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 01/2008; 55(82-83):615-20. · 0.77 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

682 Citations
143.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2014
    • The University of Tokushima
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Department of Digestive and Pediatric Surgery
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Clinical Nutrition
      Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 2005
    • Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
      Matuyama, Ehime, Japan