J Mandelbaum

Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

Are you J Mandelbaum?

Claim your profile

Publications (136)305.58 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To identify the male molecular causes of failures of IVF (with a deficient binding of spermatozoa to the zona pellucida, without any obvious oocyte anomaly), which are undetected by classical sperm analysis.
    Fertility and sterility. 05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Some patients in IVF programmes repeatedly display an abnormal embryonic development characterized as soon as day 2 post fertilization by a high rate (>60%) of highly fragmented embryos (⩾40% of cytoplasmic fragments) leading to recurrent IVF failures. This study postulated that, for various maternal reasons, some embryos were unable to withstand the in-vitro environment and an early pronucleate-stage transfer was proposed to these couples. Fifty-three patients with recurrent IVF failures (a mean of 2.8±1.0 previous attempts) characterized by low embryonic quality (a mean of 62.7% of the embryos with extended fragmentation) were included this transfer protocol. As in previous cycles, the mean number of oocytes retrieved and the fertilization rate were normal. The mean number of zygotes per transfer was 2.24. Fourteen clinical pregnancies were obtained, representing a pregnancy rate and a delivery rate per oocyte retrieval of 26.4% and 18.9%, respectively. Recurrent heavy and early embryo fragmentation in vitro characterizes around 3% of IVF couples and leads to lack of transfer or implantation failure. These data on fresh zygote transfers are encouraging and may provide a valid alternative solution for some of these patients. Some patients in IVF programmes repeatedly display an abnormal embryonic development characterized as soon as day 2 post fertilization by a high rate of highly fragmented embryos, leading to recurrent IVF failures. We hypothesized that, for various reasons, some embryos were unable to withstand the in-vitro environment and an early pronucleate stage transfer was proposed to these couples. Fifty-three patients with recurrent IVF failures characterized by low embryonic quality were included in this transfer protocol. As in previous cycles, the mean number of oocytes retrieved and the fertilization rate were normal. The mean number of zygotes per transfer was 2.24. Fourteen clinical pregnancies were obtained, representing a pregnancy rate and a delivery rate per oocyte retrieval of 26.4% and 18.9%, respectively. Recurrent early and heavy embryo fragmentation in vitro characterizes around 3% of IVF couples and leads to lack of transfer or implantation failure. Our data on fresh zygote transfers are encouraging and may provide a valid alternative solution for these patients.
    Reproductive biomedicine online 01/2012; 24(4):403-9. · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: DAX1/NR0B1 mutations are responsible for X-linked congenital adrenal hypoplasia (AHC) associated with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH). Few data are available concerning testicular function and fertility in men with DAX1 mutations. Azoospermia as well as failure of gonadotrophin treatment have been reported. We induced spermatogenesis in a patient who has a DAX1 mutation (c.1210C>T), leading to a stop codon in position 404 (p.Gln404X). His endocrine testing revealed a low testosterone level at 1.2 nmol/l (N: 12-40) with low FSH and LH levels at 2.1 IU/l (N: 1-5 IU/l) and 0.1 IU/l (N: 1-4 IU/l), respectively. Baseline semen analysis revealed azoospermia. Menotropin (Menopur(®):150 IU, three times weekly) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (1500 IU, twice weekly) were used. After 20 months of treatment, as azoospermia persisted, bilateral multiple site testicular biopsies were performed. Histology revealed severe hypospermatogenesis. Rare spermatozoa were extracted from the right posterior fragment and ICSI was performed. Four embryos were obtained and, after a frozen-thawed single-embryo transfer, the patient's wife became pregnant and gave birth to a healthy boy. We report the first case of paternity after TESE-ICSI in a patient with DAX1 mutation, giving potential hope to these patients to father non-affected children. Furthermore, this case illustrates the fact that patients with X-linked AHC have a primary testicular defect in addition to HH.
    Human Reproduction 03/2011; 26(3):724-8. · 4.67 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism (HH) is characterized by deficient gonadotrophin secretion, resulting from pituitary or hypothalamic defects. In order to induce spermatogenesis, HH patients are treated with commercially available gonadotrophins. As far as is known, quality and genetic integrity of induced sperm cells have never been investigated, although they represent an important issue, since the ultimate goal of this treatment is to have competent spermatozoa in order to achieve paternity. In order to evaluate the nuclear integrity of induced sperm cells, sperm samples from treated HH patients were compared with sperm samples from normospermic control donors. Sperm cells were analysed by fluorescence in-situ hybridization, using probes specific for chromosomes 13, 21, 18, X and Y, and by TdT (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase)-mediated dUDP nick-end labelling assay. Results showed that the rate of aneuploid and diploid sperm cells in patients was not statistically different from controls and that the rate of sperm cells with fragmented DNA was within the normal values. Spermatozoa obtained by gonadotrophin treatment in HH patients are likely to have a balanced chromosomal content and a normal DNA integrity but this conclusion needs to be confirmed by further studies dealing with a greater number of patients.
    Reproductive biomedicine online 03/2011; 22(3):277-83. · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • Source
    11/2010;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One in seven couples worldwide are infertile, and male factor infertility accounts for approximately 30%-50% of these cases. Although many genes are known to be essential for gametogenesis, there are surprisingly few monogenic mutations that have been conclusively demonstrated to cause human spermatogenic failure. A nuclear receptor, NR5A1 (also called steroidogenic factor 1), is a key transcriptional regulator of genes involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-steroidogenic axis, and it is expressed in the steroidogenic tissue of the developing and adult human gonad. Mutations of NR5A1 have been reported in 46,XY disorders of sex development and in 46,XX primary ovarian insufficiency. To test the hypothesis that mutations in NR5A1 cause male infertility, we sequenced NR5A1 in 315 men with idiopathic spermatogenic failure. We identified seven men with severe spermatogenic failure who carried missense mutations in NR5A1. Functional studies indicated that these mutations impaired NR5A1 transactivational activity. We did not observe these mutations in more than 4000 control alleles, including the entire coding sequence of 359 normospermic men and 370 fertile male controls. NR5A1 mutations are found in approximately 4% of men with otherwise unexplained severe spermatogenic failure.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 09/2010; 87(4):505-12. · 11.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This is a report of a 6-year follow-up of a male patient's semen parameters during heavy chronic alcohol intoxication and after withdrawal. A slowly progressive negative impact of alcohol could be observed: isolated moderate teratozoospermia was firstly noted followed by oligoasthenoteratospermia. Then a severe worsening resulted in cryptozoospermia and ultimately in azoospermia. At this moment, the histological analysis of a testicular biopsy revealed a maturation arrest of the germinal cells at the pachytene stage with no mature sperm cells. Alcohol withdrawal was then obtained, allowing a very fast and drastic improvement of semen characteristics; strictly normal semen parameters were observed after no more than 3 months. Taking into consideration these data, patients should be questioned about their alcohol intake before assisted reproductive technology and should be informed about this adverse effect. Moreover, this case report emphasizes how quickly benefits can be obtained after withdrawal, even in the case of heavy chronic alcohol intake.
    Reproductive biomedicine online 03/2010; 20(3):324-7. · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To raise the possibility that pregnancy can be obtained by assisted reproductive techniques in patients with human seminal plasma allergy. Case report. University hospital. A woman consulted for a 3-year primary infertility. She reported lack of intercourse because of a seminal plasma allergy. One intrauterine insemination associated with antihistamine treatment was performed with carefully washed spermatozoa. Immediately after the insemination, the patient had an allergic reaction treated by steroids. Fortunately, this single attempt led to a successful pregnancy, and the patient gave birth to a healthy girl. Pregnancies can be obtained in patients with seminal plasma hypersensitivity by means of intrauterine insemination. However, serious complications may occur after performing intrauterine insemination, which is not a totally reliable method to prevent an allergic reaction. Thus a multidisciplinary team should follow such patients carefully and watch for the potential risks and side effects. In vitro fertilization may represent the more cautious option.
    Fertility and sterility 02/2010; 94(2):753.e1-3. · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Performance and security questions in human oocyte cryopreservation have been taking researchers for about two decades. Oocytes are usually frozen at metaphase II. Immature oocytes cryopreservation is still a research alternative. Two techniques are currently available for oocyte cryopreservation: slow freezing and vitrification. Experimental data suggest that vitrification has less impact on oocyte physiology than classical slow freezing. After slow freezing of mature oocytes, survival and fertilization rates reach 70 to 80% whereas cleavage rates are around 90%, leading to five implantations and 1.2 births per 100 thawed oocytes. After vitrification of mature oocytes, survival and cleavage rates reach 90% leading to 11 implantations and 1.8 births per 100 thawed oocytes. The obstetrical and neonatal prognosis of these pregnancies is reassuring. No increased risk of congenital anomalies has been observed. However, further evaluation is needed to guarantee the safety of cryopreservation procedures. Immature oocyte cryopreservation is not currently perfected but some indications appear of great interest.
    Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 09/2009; 37(9):712-9. · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Conflicting results have been published about the determinants of pregnancy after oocyte donation (OD). We used the OD model to determine predictive factors of pregnancy in the recipient after frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FTET) in a specific series where all the embryos were cryopreserved without any prior selection for fresh transfer. We report a retrospective study in a university tertiary care center. Multivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to identify predictive factors of pregnancy in a series of 450 OD FTET cycles in 198 infertile women between January 1992 and December 2006. The mean (+/-SD) recipient age was 35.7 (+/-4.5). Impaired ovarian function was the main indication for OD. The mean +/- SD (range) number of embryos transferred was 1.65 +/- 0.5 (1-3). Overall clinical pregnancy, implantation and delivery rates were 30, 18 and 23%, respectively. After univariate analysis, pregnancy rates were significantly higher in recipients under 35 years, in women with a body mass index (BMI) <30 kg/m(2), in women with an endometrial thickness of > or =8 mm, in amenorrheic women and in women not receiving pituitary down-regulation before endometrial preparation. Using multivariate analysis, the BMI, endometrial thickness and the use of pituitary down-regulation were independent predictors of pregnancy, regardless of age. This study supports that endometrial thickness of <8 mm, obesity and the use of GnRH analogue pituitary down-regulation before endometrial priming negatively impact pregnancy rates, independently of the recipient's age.
    Human Reproduction 09/2009; 24(12):3082-9. · 4.67 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite normal sperm parameters, 5% of in vitro fertilization (IVF) attempts result in an unpredictable failure of fertilization. In 56% of the cases, there is no obvious oocyte anomaly, but lack of sperm binding to the zona pellucida. This study aims to contribute to clarify the male molecular causes of failures in IVF, which are undetected by classical sperm analysis. The spermatic proteomic profiles of patients, with a complete failure of fertilization and no spermatozoa bound to the zona pellucida, is compared to controls (patients with normal fertilization and cleavage rates after a classical IVF for tubal indication). All samples are analysed by 2 Dimensional Electrophoresis-Differential In Gel Electrophoresis (2DE-DIGE) after being divided into three fractions according to their isoelectric point (acid, intermediate and basic). Fourteen proteins differentially expressed between all the cases and all the controls were highlighted. Twelve of these proteins were identified by mass spectrometry (six from the acid fraction and six from the basic fraction). Two of these proteins may have an interest in gametic interaction: the laminin receptor LR67 and the L-xylulose reductase. More investigation is needed to understand the involvement of the identified proteins in the IVF fertilization failure of the infertile patients in this study.
    Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 09/2009; 37(10):796-802. · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We used the cumulative summation test for learning curve (LC-CUSUM), a specifically designed statistical tool, to evaluate the first 50 procedures performed by a trainee in vitrification and to provide a usable model for monitoring the learning process of this technique. Given the lack of models to evaluate IVF technologies, the CUSUM methodology could prove useful for quality control in laboratories.
    Fertility and sterility 04/2009; 92(3):943-5. · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to determine if Müllerian agenesis has a genetic basis linked to the WNT genes. Genomic DNA analyses for mutations in the coding sequences of four members of this family in a series of 11 women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome found four variants in the coding sequence of these genes, but causal mutations were not observed. This supports the hypothesis that mutations in the coding sequence of WNT4, WNT5A, WNT7A, and WNT9B are not responsible for the Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome.
    Fertility and sterility 02/2009; 91(4 Suppl):1604-7. · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The metabolic pathway of folate is thought to influence DNA stability either by inducing single/double stranded breaks or by producing low levels of S-adenosyl-methionine leading to abnormal gene expression and chromosome segregation. Polymorphisms in the genes encoding enzymes in the folate metabolism pathway show distinct geographic and/or ethnic variations and in some cases have been linked to disease. Notably, the gene Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) in which the homozygous (TT) state of the polymorphism c.665C>T (p.A222V) is associated with reduced specific activity and increased thermolability of the enzyme causing mild hyperhomocysteinemia. Recently several studies have suggested that men carrying this polymorphism may be at increased risk to develop infertility. We have tested this hypothesis in a case/control study of ethnic French individuals. We examined the incidence of polymorphisms in the genes MTHFR (R68Q, A222V and E429A), Methionine synthase reductase MTRR; (I22M and S175L) and Cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS; G307S). The case population consisted of DNA samples from men with unexplained azoospermia (n = 70) or oligozoospermia (n = 182) and the control population consisted of normospermic and fertile men (n = 114). We found no evidence of an association between the incidence of any of these variants and reduced sperm counts. In addition haplotype analysis did not reveal differences between the case and control populations. We could find no evidence for an association between reduced sperm counts and polymorphisms in enzymes involved in folate metabolism in the French population.
    PLoS ONE 01/2009; 4(8):e6540. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine if there is a relationship between various forms of partial AZFc deletions and spermatogenic failure. Case-control study. Infertility clinic (Tenon Hospital, Paris). 557 men, comprising 364 infertile men from mixed ethnic backgrounds, and 193 men with known fertility (n = 84) and/or normospermic (n = 109). Characterization of 32 partial AZFc deletions. DAZ gene cluster divided into two families (DAZ1/2 and DAZ3/4), CDY1 gene, and Y-chromosome haplogroups. We observed 18 partial AZFc deletions in 364 (4.95%) infertile men compared with 14 out of 193 (7.25%) in the control normospermic/fertile group. The analysis of informative Y-chromosome single nucleotide variants combined with Y-chromosome haplogroup definition enabled us to infer seven deletion classes that occur on a minimum of six Y-chromosome parental architectures. We found no relationship between either the presence or the absence of DAZ1/2, DAZ3/4, CDY1a, or CDY1b with spermatogenic failure at least on one Y-chromosome lineage. The DAZ dosage and Southern blot analyses indicated that the majority of individuals tested carried two copies of the DAZ gene, indicating a partial AZFc deletion. Our data are consistent with the hypothesis that, at least in our study populations, partial AZFc deletions may have a limited impact on fertility.
    Fertility and sterility 12/2008; 92(6):1924-33. · 3.97 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent progress in the treatment of sickle cell disease, in particular the use of hydroxyurea, has considerably modified the prognosis of this disease. Many more patients now reach reproductive age. The objective of this study was to assess the potential impact of hydroxyurea on the semen of patients. In this retrospective multicenter study, we evaluated the sperm parameters and fertility of 44 patients and analyzed the potential impact of hydroxyurea. We report data from the largest series so far of semen analyses in patients with sickle cell disease: 108 samples were analyzed, of which 76 were collected before treatment. We found that at least one sperm parameter was abnormal in 91% of the patients before treatment, in agreement with published literature. All sperm parameters seemed to be affected in semen samples collected during hydroxyurea treatment, and this impairment occurred in less than 6 months, later reaching a plateau. Furthermore, after hydroxyurea cessation, while global results in 30 patients were not statistically different before and after hydroxyurea treatment, in four individuals follow-up sperm parameters did not seem to recover quickly and the total number of spermatozoa per ejaculate fell below the normal range in about half the cases. The observed alterations of semen parameters due to sickle cell disease seem to be exacerbated by hydroxyurea treatment. Until prospective studies reveal reassuring findings, we suggest that a pre-treatment sperm analysis be performed and sperm cryopreservation be offered to patients before hydroxyurea treatment.
    Haematologica 08/2008; 93(7):988-93. · 5.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The human Y chromosome contains a number of genes and gene families that are essential for germ cell development and maintenance. Many of these genes are located in highly repetitive elements that are subject to rearrangements. Deletion of azoospermia factor (AZF) regions AZFa, AZFb, and AZFc are found in approximately 10-15% of men with severe forms of spermatogenic failure. Several partial AZFc deletions have been described. One of these, which removes around half of all the genes within the AZFc region, appears to be present as an inconsequential polymorphism in populations of northern Eurasia. A second deletion, termed gr/gr, also results in the absence of several AZFc genes and it may be a genetic risk factor for spermatogenic failure. However, the link between these partial deletions and fertility is unclear. The gr/gr deletion is not a single deletion but a combination of deletions that vary in size and complexity and result in the absence of different genes. There are also regional or ethnic differences in the frequency of gr/gr deletions. In some Y-chromosome lineages, these deletions appear to be fixed and may have little influence on spermatogenesis. Most of these data (gene content and Y chromosome structure) have been deduced from the reference Y chromosome sequence deposited in NCBI. However, recently there have been attempts to define these types of structural rearrangements in the general population. These have highlighted the considerable degree of structural diversity that exist. Trying to correlate these changes with the phenotypic variability is a major challenge and it is likely that there will not be a single reference (or normal) Y chromosome sequence but many.
    Journal de la Société de Biologie 02/2008; 202(2):135-41.
  • I. Berthaut, R. Girot, J. Mandelbaum
    Haematologica-the Hematology Journal. 01/2008; 93(11).
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In elongating spermatids, human sperm chromatin undergoes a complex compaction in which the transition proteins are extensively replaced by the protamine proteins. Several human studies demonstrate that expression of the protamine proteins is altered in some men with male infertility. For this study, we screened the PRM1 (protamine 1) gene for mutations in a large cohort of 281 men seeking infertility treatment. We identified the c.102G>T transversion that results in an p.Arg34Ser amino acid change in two men. One of these patients presented with oligozoospermia associated with increased sperm DNA fragmentation. The second individual was normospermic but together with his partner sought treatment for idiopathic couple infertility. We also identified a novel missense mutation (c.119G>A, p.Cys40Tyr) in a man with oligoasthenozoospermia. These mutations were not observed in control populations. Interestingly, we also detected variants both 5' and 3' to the PRM1 open-reading frame specifically in infertile individuals. Four individuals with unexplained severe oligozoospermia were heterozygote for a c.-107G>C change that is located at -15 bp from the transcription initiation site of the gene. This mutation may influence PRM1 expression. In addition, a c.*51G>C variant was detected in the 3'UTR of PRM1 specifically in a man with severe oligoasthenozoospermia.
    Molecular Human Reproduction 07/2007; 13(7):461-4. · 4.54 Impact Factor
  • Source
    J Mandelbaum
    Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 03/2007; 35(2):170-1; discussion 172-3. · 0.55 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
305.58 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2010
    • UPMC
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2008–2010
    • Institut Pasteur
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Polytech Paris-UPMC
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Hôpital Tenon (Hôpitaux Universitaires Est Parisien)
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2006–2009
    • Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1986–1996
    • Hôpital Universitaire Necker
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1992
    • College of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Leon
      Aquitaine, France
  • 1989–1992
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France