Hitoshi Sugiyama

Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (123)396.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a 46-year-old hypertensive Japanese female with renal insufficiency related to unilateral renal hypoplasia. The patient was found to have developed paraganglioma in the retroperitoneal space over a 5-year period. Catecholamine-producing tumors are not usually recognized as conditions associated with renal hypoplasia. Our long-term observation of the patient eventually led us to the diagnosis of paraganglioma. In hypertensive patients with chronic kidney disease, not only the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system but also catecholamine activity may be involved, particularly in the patients whose cases are complicated with unilateral renal hypoplasia.
    Acta medica Okayama 04/2015; 69(2):119-22. · 0.75 Impact Factor
  • Nephrology 03/2015; 20(3). DOI:10.1111/nep.12370 · 1.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently observed in critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) and is associated with increased mortality. Prostanoids regulate numerous biological functions, including hemodynamics and renal tubular transport. We herein investigated the ability of urinary prostanoid metabolites to predict the onset of AKI in critically ill adult patients. The current study was conducted as a prospective observational study. Urine of patients admitted to the ICU at Okayama University Hospital was collected and the urinary levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), PGI2 metabolite (2,3-dinor-6-OXO-PGF1α), thromboxane A2 (TXA2) metabolite (11-dehydro-TXB2) were determined. Of the 93 patients, 24 developed AKI (AKIN criteria). Surgical intervention (93, 75 %) was the leading cause of ICU admission. Overall, the ratio of the level of serum Cr on Day 1 after ICU admission to that observed at baseline positively correlated with the urinary 2,3-dinor-6-OXO-PGF1α/Cr (r = 0.57, p < 0.0001) and 11-dehydro-TXB2/Cr (r = 0.47, p < 0.0001) ratios. In 16 cases of de novo AKI, the urinary 2,3-dinor-6-OXO-PGF1α/Cr and 11-dehydro-TXB2/Cr values were significantly elevated compared with that observed in the non-AKI group, whereas the urinary PGE2/Cr values were not. The urinary 2,3-dinor-6-OXO-PGF1α/Cr ratio exhibited the best diagnostic and predictive performance among the prostanoid metabolites according to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis [ROC-area under the curve (AUC): 0.75]. Taken together, these results demonstrate that the urinary 2,3-dinor-6-OXO-PGF1α/Cr and 11-dehydro-TXB2/Cr ratios are associated with the subsequent onset of AKI and poor outcomes in adult heterogeneous ICU patients.
    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10157-015-1092-4 · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic nephropathy is the most common pathological disorder predisposing patients to end-stage renal disease. Considering the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus worldwide, novel therapeutic approaches are urgently needed. ONO-1301 is a novel sustained-release prostacyclin analog that inhibits thromboxane A2 synthase. Here we examined the therapeutic effects of the intermittent administration of slow-release ONO-1301 (SR-ONO) on diabetic nephropathy in obese type 2 diabetes mice, as well as its direct effects on mesangial cells. The subcutaneous injection of SR-ONO (3mg/kg) every 3 wks did not affect the obesity or hyperglycemia in the db/db obese mice used as a model of type 2 diabetes, but it significantly ameliorated their albuminuria, glomerular hypertrophy, glomerular accumulation of type IV collagen, and monocyte/macrophage infiltration, and also the increase of TGF-β1, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and MCP-1 compared to vehicle treatment. In cultured mouse mesangial cells, ONO-1301 concentration-dependently suppressed the increases in TGF-β, type IV collagen, α-SMA, MCP-1 and fibronectin induced by high ambient glucose, at least partly through prostacyclin (PGI2) receptor-mediated signaling. Taken together, these results suggest the potential therapeutic efficacy of the intermittent administration of SR-ONO against type 2 diabetic nephropathy, possibly through protective effects on mesangial cells.
    Acta medica Okayama 02/2015; 69(1):1-15. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary involvement is one of the hallmark lesions of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) as well as rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN). However, the pulmonary involvement of AAV patients seems to differ between Europe and Japan, as does the ANCA serotype. This retrospective and prospective multicenter cohort study collected the clinical data of the features and outcomes of 1772 RPGN patients treated from 1989 to 2007 in Japan. Based on this nationwide RPGN survey, we analyzed the cases of 1147 AAV patients. We found that 52.3% of the AAV patients had pulmonary involvements: 15.4% of the AAV patients had alveolar hemorrhage (AH), 26.2% had interstitial lung disease (ILD), 2.8% had bronchial asthma, 2.4% had pulmonary granuloma and 12.8% had a chest X-ray abnormality without AH, ILD or pulmonary granuloma. Patient survival was significantly different among the following six groups: the 5-year survival rate was 41.5% in the patients with AH, 50.2% in those with ILD, 67.9% in those with bronchial asthma, 62.5% in those with pulmonary granuloma, 55.8% in those with chest X-ray abnormality and 73.3% in those without pulmonary involvement. AH was one of the predictors of 1- and 5-year mortality for patient survival in AAV, and ILD was added as one of the predictors of 5-year mortality. In these AAV patients, not only AH but also ILD was frequently observed. AH was associated with the prognosis, but ILD was associated with the long-term prognosis of AAV. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 01/2015; DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfu385 · 3.49 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Diabetes Mellitus 01/2015; 05(02):81-89. DOI:10.4236/jdm.2015.52010
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    ABSTRACT: Vasohibin-1 (VASH1) is a unique endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis that is induced in endothelial cells by pro-angiogenic factors. We previously reported renoprotective effect of adenoviral delivery of VASH1 in diabetic nephropathy model, and herein investigated the potential protective role of endogenous VASH1 by using VASH1-deficient mice. Streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic VASH1 heterozygous knockout mice (VASH1+/-) or wild-type diabetic mice were sacrificed 16 weeks after inducing diabetes. In the diabetic VASH1+/- mice, albuminuria were significantly exacerbated compared with the diabetic wild-type littermates, in association with the dysregulated distribution of glomerular slit diaphragm related proteins, nephrin and ZO-1, glomerular basement membrane thickning and reduction of slit diaphragm density. Glomerular monocyte/macrophage infiltration and glomerular nuclear translocation of phosphorylated NF-κB p65 were significantly exacerbated in the diabetic VASH1+/- mice compared with the diabetic wild-type littermates, accompanied by the augmentation of VEGF-A, M1 macrophage-derived MCP-1 and phosphorylation of IκBα, and the decrease of angiopoietin-1/2 ratio and M2 macrophage-derived Arginase-1. The glomerular CD31+ endothelial area was also increased in the diabetic VASH1+/- mice compared with the diabetic-wild type littermates. Furthermore, the renal and glomerular hypertrophy, glomerular accumulation of mesangial matrix and type IV collagen and activation of renal TGF-β1/Smad3 signaling, a key mediator of renal fibrosis, were exacerbated in the diabetic VASH1+/- mice compared with the diabetic wild-type littermates. In conditionally immortalized mouse podocytes cultured under high glucose condition, transfection of VASH1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) resulted in the reduction of nephrin, angiopoietin-1 and ZO-1, and the augmentation of VEGF-A compared with control siRNA. These results suggest that endogenous VASH1 may regulate the development of diabetic renal alterations, partly via direct effects on podocytes, and thus, a strategy to recover VASH1 might potentially lead to the development of a novel therapeutic approach for diabetic nephropathy.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107934. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107934 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives There are very little data available regarding nephrotic syndrome (NS) in elderly (aged ≥65 years) Japanese. The aim of this study was to examine the causes and outcomes of NS in elderly patients who underwent renal biopsies between 2007 and 2010. Design, setting, participants, and measurements From July 2007 to June 2010, all of the elderly (aged ≥65 years) Japanese primary NS patients who underwent native renal biopsies and were registered in the Japan renal biopsy registry (J-RBR; 438 patients including 226 males and 212 females) were identified. From this cohort, 61 patients [28 males and 33 females including 29, 19, 6, 4, and 3 patients with membranous nephropathy (MN), minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN), and other conditions, respectively] were registered from the representative multi-centers over all districts of Japan, and analyzed retrospectively. The treatment outcome was assessed using proteinuria-based criteria; i.e., complete remission (CR) was defined as urinary protein level of
    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 09/2014; 19(3). DOI:10.1007/s10157-014-1022-x · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Experimental studies have demonstrated the involvement of angiogenesis-related factors in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). There have so far been no reports investigating the distribution and clinical roles of Vasohibin-1 (VASH-1), a negative feedback regulator of angiogenesis, in CKD. We recruited 54 Japanese CKD patients and 6 patients who had normal renal tissues excised due to localized renal cell carcinoma. We evaluated the correlations between the renal expression level of VASH-1 and the clinical/histological parameters. VASH-1 was observed in renal endothelial/mesangial cells, crescentic lesions and interstitial inflammatory cells. Significant positive correlations were observed between 1) crescent formation and the number of VASH-1+ cells in the glomerulus (r=0.48, p=0.001) or cortex (r=0.64, p<0.0001), 2) interstitial cell infiltration and the number of VASH-1+ cells in the cortex (r=0.34, p=0.02), 3) the glomerular VEGFR-2+ area and the number of VASH-1+ cells in the glomerulus (r=0.44, p=0.01) or medulla (r=0.63, p=0.01). These results suggest that the renal levels of VASH-1 may be affected by local inflammation, crescentic lesions and VEGFR-2.
    Acta medica Okayama 08/2014; 68(4):219-41. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to describe the influences of larger physical constitutions including obesity on the amount of urine protein excretion (AUPE) in primary glomerulonephritis. The distinct effects on the AUPE in various types of glomerulonephritis were evaluated.
    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 06/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10157-014-0993-y · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vasohibin-1 (VASH-1) is a negative feedback regulator of angiogenesis, and a small vasohibin-binding protein (SVBP) serves as its secretory chaperone and contributes to its antiangiogenic effects. In the present study, we aimed to define the clinical significance of VASH-1 and SVBP in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We recruited 67 Japanese hospitalized patients with renal disorders with (n = 45) or without (n = 22) renal biopsy samples and 10 Japanese healthy controls. We evaluated the correlations between the plasma and urinary levels of VASH-1/VASH-1-SVBP complex/SVBP and the clinicopathological parameters. The plasma levels of VASH-1 were inversely correlated with age and systolic and diastolic blood pressure and positively correlated with crescent formation. Increased plasma and urinary levels of VASH-1 and VASH-1-SVBP complex were significantly correlated with worse renal outcomes. These results demonstrate an association between elevated urinary and plasma levels of VASH-1 and progressive decline of the renal function, thus suggesting a potential role for VASH-1 in predicting a worse renal prognosis in patients with renal disease, including CKD.
    PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e96932. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0096932 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tubulointerstitial injuries are known to predict the deterioration of renal function in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We recently reported the protective role of Vasohibin-1(VASH-1), a negative feedback regulator of angiogenesis, in diabetic nephropathy, but its impact on tubulointerstitial injuries remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we evaluated the role of endogenous VASH-1 in regulating the tubulointerstitial alterations induced by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), and assessed its role on fibrogenesis and the activation of Smad3 signaling in renal fibroblasts. UUO was induced in female Vasohibin-1 heterozygous knockout mice (VASH-1+/−) or wild-type (WT) (VASH-1+/+) littermates. Mice were sacrificed on Day 7 after left ureter ligation, and the kidney tissue was obtained. Interstitial fibrosis, the accumulation of type I and type III collagen and monocytes/macrophages infiltration in the obstructed kidneys (OBK) were significantly exacerbated in VASH-1+/− mice compared with WT mice (Day 7). The increases in the renal levels of TGF-β1, pSmad3, NF-κB pp65, CCL2 mRNA, and the number of interstitial fibroblast-specific protein-1 (FSP-1)+ fibroblasts in the OBK were significantly aggravated in VASH-1+/− mice. In addition, treatment with VASH-1 siRNA enhanced the TGF-β1-induced phosphorylation of Smad3, the transcriptional activation of the Smad3 pathway and the production of type I/type III collagen in fibroblasts, in vitro. Taken together, our findings demonstrate a protective role for endogenous VASH-1 on tubulointerstitial alterations via its regulation of inflammation and fibrosis and also show the direct anti-fibrotic effects of VASH-1 on renal fibroblasts through its modulation of TGF-β1 signaling.
    06/2014; 2(6). DOI:10.14814/phy2.12054
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    ABSTRACT: A 64-year-old man suffering polyarthralgia and bone pain was referred to our hospital. Renal dysfunction, hypophosphatemia and increased levels of bone alkaline phosphatase were found. The patient's serum creatinine level had gradually increased after the initiation of adefovir dipivoxil administration for hepatitis B. In agreement with multifocal uptakes of bone scintigraphy, iliac bone biopsy revealed an abnormal increase in osteoid tissues. Reducing the dose of adefovir and initiating the administration of eldecalcitol were effective for reducing proteinuria and glucosuria, and for ameliorating bone pain with an increase in serum phosphate level. This case first showed a clinical course of hypophosphatemic osteomalacia caused by secondary Fanconi's syndrome for 8 years after adefovir administration. Early diagnosis is important for the reversibility of bone damage and for a better renal prognosis.
    Acta medica Okayama 02/2014; 68(1):53-56. · 0.75 Impact Factor
  • Hiroshi Sato · Hitoshi Sugiyama · Hitoshi Yokoyama
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    ABSTRACT: Disturbed mineral metabolism in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), known as CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), is associated with bone disease as well as a high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and reduced patient survival due to the development of vascular calcification. Hyperphosphatemia is a risk factor for vascular calcification, CVD, and mortality. The fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23)-Klotho system plays a key role in the regulation of mineral metabolism. Klotho was originally identified as an aging-suppressor gene and is predominantly expressed in the distal renal tubules. Klotho exists in two forms: membrane Klotho functions as an obligate coreceptor for FGF-23 in the kidneys and parathyroid gland, while secreted Klotho functions as a humoral factor with antiaging, renoprotective, and cardiovascular protective properties. The urinary and circulating Klotho levels have been found to be decreased in patients with acute kidney injury and CKD, and experimental studies have shown that Klotho has beneficial effects on the vascular system. Furthermore, Klotho exerts pleiotropic effects on the endothelium, including anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, and vasodilatory effects, and increases the availability of nitric oxide, and Klotho deficiency is associated with the vascular calcification observed in CKD patients. Therefore, soluble Klotho has the potential to serve as a biomarker for diagnosing early CKD and predicting the progression of both CKD and CVD. The renoprotective and cardiovascular protective functions of Klotho have also led researchers to hope that this protein may be used as a therapeutic agent for improving the kidney function and CVD.
    General Methods in Biomarker Research and their Applications, 01/2014: pages 1-22; , ISBN: 978-94-007-7740-8
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    ABSTRACT: Long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) causes chronic peritoneal damage. Peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) play an important role for peritoneal function. We investigated the possibility of cell therapy using the PMCs to prevent peritoneal damage in PD patients. We harvested human PMCs from the peritoneal dialysis effluent of PD patients. The PMCs were separated based on morphological characteristics into epithelial-like (Epi) cells and fibroblast-like (Fib) cells by the limiting dilution method. We transplanted these cells into nude mice whose parietal and visceral peritoneum were scratched by mechanical scraping. The transplanted cells were detected at the parietal and visceral peritoneum. Compared with the positive control, the Epi cell therapy group showed very few adhesions and exhibited no thickening of the parietal and visceral peritoneum. However, the group with Fib cell therapy could not inhibit peritoneal adhesion and thickening. In addition, HGF was expressed by the grafted Epi cells but not Fib cells. Fib cells expressed VEGF stronger than Epi cells. These two types of cells from same patient showed different character and effect for cell therapy. These findings suggest that the PMCs from the PD patient showed different character, such as Epi cells and Fib cells, and the selection of PMCs is important for cell therapy on the point of not only the direct cellular interactions but also cytokine secretion from the grafted cells. Furthermore, the differences in the morphological cell characteristics may influence their role in peritoneal regeneration.
    Tissue Engineering Part A 09/2013; DOI:10.1089/ten.TEA.2013.0130 · 4.64 Impact Factor
  • Hitoshi Sugiyama · Hiroshi Sato · Yoshihiko Ueda · Hitoshi Yokoyama
    Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi 05/2013; 102(5):1083-91.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Alloxan generate hydrogen peroxide in the body, and a small amount of alloxan administered to acatalasemic mice results in diabetes. D-α-Tocopherol (vitamin E) is an antioxidant which helps prevent excess oxidation in the body. In this study, we examined the effect of vitamin E on diabetes caused by alloxan administration in mice. METHODS: Mice were maintained on a vitamin E-deprived diet and supplemented diet, respectively, for 14weeks. Alloxan was then intraperitoneally administered, and blood glucose, glucose tolerance and the insulin level in mouse blood were examined. RESULTS: Hyperglycemia was observed in the mice maintained on the vitamin E-deprived diet. The incidence of hyperglycemia in the mice maintained on the vitamin E-deprived diet was significantly higher than that in the mice maintained on the supplemented diet. The abnormal glucose metabolism caused by alloxan administration was ameliorated by the vitamin E-supplemented diet. CONCLUSIONS: It is deduced that vitamin E can prevent a decrease of insulin concentration in the blood in this mouse model.
    Clinical biochemistry 03/2013; 46(9). DOI:10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2013.02.016 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Klotho was originally identified in a mutant mouse strain unable to express the gene that consequently showed shortened life spans. In humans, low serum Klotho levels are related to the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in community-dwelling adults. However, it is unclear whether the serum Klotho levels are associated with signs of vascular dysfunction such as arterial stiffness, a major determinant of prognosis, in human subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We determined the levels of serum soluble Klotho in 114 patients with CKD using ELISA and investigated the relationship between the level of Klotho and markers of CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) and various types of vascular dysfunction, including flow-mediated dilatation, a marker of endothelial dysfunction, ankle-brachial pulse wave velocity (baPWV), a marker of arterial stiffness, intima-media thickness (IMT), a marker of atherosclerosis, and the aortic calcification index (ACI), a marker of vascular calcification. The serum Klotho level significantly correlated with the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D level and inversely correlated with the parathyroid hormone level and the fractional excretion of phosphate. There were significant decreases in serum Klotho in patients with arterial stiffness defined as baPWV≥1400 cm/sec, atherosclerosis defined as maximum IMT≥1.1 mm and vascular calcification scores of ACI>0%. The serum Klotho level was a significant determinant of arterial stiffness, but not endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis or vascular calcification, in the multivariate analysis in either metabolic model, the CKD model or the CKD-MBD model. The adjusted odds ratio of serum Klotho for the baPWV was 0.60 (p = 0.0075). Decreases in the serum soluble Klotho levels are independently associated with signs of vascular dysfunction such as arterial stiffness in patients with CKD. Further research exploring whether therapeutic approaches to maintain or elevate the Klotho level could improve arterial stiffness in CKD patients is warranted.
    PLoS ONE 02/2013; 8(2):e56695. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0056695 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR) was started in 2007 and the Japan Kidney Disease Registry (J-KDR) was then started in 2009 by the Committee for Standardization of Renal Pathological Diagnosis and the Committee for the Kidney Disease Registry of the Japanese Society of Nephrology. The purpose of this report is to describe and summarize the registered data from 2009 and 2010. For the J-KDR, data were collected from 4,016 cases, including 3,336 (83.1 %) by the J-RBR and 680 (16.9 %) other cases from 59 centers in 2009, and from 4,681 cases including 4,106 J-RBR cases (87.7 %) and 575 other cases (12.3 %) from 94 centers in 2010, including the affiliate hospitals. In the J-RBR, 3,165 native kidneys (94.9 %) and 171 renal grafts (5.1 %) and 3,869 native kidneys (94.2 %) and 237 renal grafts (5.8 %) were registered in 2009 and 2010, respectively. Patients younger than 20 years of age comprised 12.1 % of the registered cases, and those 65 years and over comprised 24.5 % of the cases with native kidneys in 2009 and 2010. The most common clinical diagnosis was chronic nephritic syndrome (55.4 % and 50.0 % in 2009 and 2010, respectively), followed by nephrotic syndrome (22.4 % and 27.0 %); the most frequent pathological diagnosis as classified by the pathogenesis was IgA nephropathy (31.6 % and 30.4 %), followed by primary glomerular diseases (except IgA nephropathy) (27.2 % and 28.1 %). Among the primary glomerular diseases (except IgA nephropathy) in the patients with nephrotic syndrome, membranous nephropathy was the most common histopathology in 2009 (40.3 %) and minor glomerular abnormalities (50.0 %) were the most common in 2010 in native kidneys in the J-RBR. Five new secondary and longitudinal research studies by the J-KDR were started in 2009 and one was started in 2010.
    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 02/2013; 17(2). DOI:10.1007/s10157-012-0746-8 · 1.71 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
396.05 Total Impact Points


  • 1995–2015
    • Okayama University
      • • Department of Medicine and Clinical Science
      • • Department of Dermatology
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan
  • 2011
    • Minami Okayama Medical Center
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan
  • 2001
    • University of Tsukuba
      Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan