J D Buckley

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States

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Publications (97)812.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Academic laboratories are developing increasingly large amounts of data that describe the genomic landscape and gene expression patterns of various types of cancers. Such data can potentially identify novel oncology molecular targets in cancer types that may not be the primary focus of a drug sponsor's initial research for an investigational new drug. Obtaining preclinical data that point toward the potential for a given molecularly targeted agent, or a novel combination of agents requires knowledge of drugs currently in development in both the academic and commercial sectors. We have developed the DrugPath database ( http://www.drugpath.org ) as a comprehensive, free-of-charge resource for academic investigators to identify agents being developed in academics or industry that may act against molecular targets of interest. DrugPath data on molecular targets overlay the Michigan Molecular Interactions ( http://mimi.ncibi.org ) gene-gene interaction map to facilitate identification of related agents in the same pathway. The database catalogs 2,081 drug development programs representing 751 drug sponsors and 722 molecular and genetic targets. DrugPath should assist investigators in identifying and obtaining drugs acting on specific molecular targets for biological and preclinical therapeutic studies.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 03/2014; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Children’s Cancer Group (CCG) study 2891 for children with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia enrolled more than 1200 patients between 1989 and 1995. This study showed that increased dose intensity during induction therapy improved survival for all patients except those with Down syndrome, where it proved harmful. Although increased dose intensity improved survival, it did not improve remission induction rate, indicating that the quality of remissions varies. This finding complicates the evaluation of postremission therapy options, which CCG 2891 also evaluated. Survival with related-donor allogeneic bone marrow transplantation was superior to survival with both purged autologous bone marrow transplantation and a more standard chemotherapy consolidation, whereas survival for autologous transplantation and chemotherapy was equivalent.
    Current Oncology Reports 04/2012; 2(6):524-528. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A catalogue of molecular aberrations that cause ovarian cancer is critical for developing and deploying therapies that will improve patients' lives. The Cancer Genome Atlas project has analysed messenger RNA expression, microRNA expression, promoter methylation and DNA copy number in 489 high-grade serous ovarian adenocarcinomas and the DNA sequences of exons from coding genes in 316 of these tumours. Here we report that high-grade serous ovarian cancer is characterized by TP53 mutations in almost all tumours (96%); low prevalence but statistically recurrent somatic mutations in nine further genes including NF1, BRCA1, BRCA2, RB1 and CDK12; 113 significant focal DNA copy number aberrations; and promoter methylation events involving 168 genes. Analyses delineated four ovarian cancer transcriptional subtypes, three microRNA subtypes, four promoter methylation subtypes and a transcriptional signature associated with survival duration, and shed new light on the impact that tumours with BRCA1/2 (BRCA1 or BRCA2) and CCNE1 aberrations have on survival. Pathway analyses suggested that homologous recombination is defective in about half of the tumours analysed, and that NOTCH and FOXM1 signalling are involved in serous ovarian cancer pathophysiology.
    Nature 01/2011; 474(7353):609-615. · 38.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have profiled promoter DNA methylation alterations in 272 glioblastoma tumors in the context of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). We found that a distinct subset of samples displays concerted hypermethylation at a large number of loci, indicating the existence of a glioma-CpG island methylator phenotype (G-CIMP). We validated G-CIMP in a set of non-TCGA glioblastomas and low-grade gliomas. G-CIMP tumors belong to the proneural subgroup, are more prevalent among lower-grade gliomas, display distinct copy-number alterations, and are tightly associated with IDH1 somatic mutations. Patients with G-CIMP tumors are younger at the time of diagnosis and experience significantly improved outcome. These findings identify G-CIMP as a distinct subset of human gliomas on molecular and clinical grounds.
    Cancer cell 05/2010; 17(5):510-22. · 25.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether tumors from diagnostic biopsies of primary rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) contain relevant prognostic information in the form of gene expression signatures that can be used to model and predict outcome of patients. A 22,000-probe set microarray was used to evaluate 120 RMS specimens and correlate gene expression patterns to survival. Multivariate gene expression models or metagenes were developed using cross-validated Cox regression proportional hazards modeling and were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. A 34-metagene, based on expression patterns of 34 genes, was highly predictive of outcome. It was not highly correlated with individual clinical risk factors such as patient age, stage, tumor size, or histology. However, it was correlated with a risk classification used by the Children's Oncology Group and the biologic subsets of alveolar histology tumors. These data support further evaluation of RMS metagenes to discriminate patients with good prognosis from those with poor prognosis, with the potential to direct risk-adapted therapy.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2010; 28(7):1240-6. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epigenetic modifications of the herpesviral genome play a key role in the transcriptional control of latent and lytic genes during a productive viral lifecycle. In this study, we describe for the first time a comprehensive genome-wide ChIP-on-Chip analysis of the chromatin associated with the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) genome during latency and lytic reactivation. Depending on the gene expression class, different combinations of activating [acetylated H3 (AcH3) and H3K4me3] and repressive [H3K9me3 and H3K27me3] histone modifications are associated with the viral latent genome, which changes upon reactivation in a manner that is correlated with their expression. Specifically, both the activating marks co-localize on the KSHV latent genome, as do the repressive marks. However, the activating and repressive histone modifications are mutually exclusive of each other on the bulk of the latent KSHV genome. The genomic region encoding the IE genes ORF50 and ORF48 possesses the features of a bivalent chromatin structure characterized by the concomitant presence of the activating H3K4me3 and the repressive H3K27me3 marks during latency, which rapidly changes upon reactivation with increasing AcH3 and H3K4me3 marks and decreasing H3K27me3. Furthermore, EZH2, the H3K27me3 histone methyltransferase of the Polycomb group proteins (PcG), colocalizes with the H3K27me3 mark on the entire KSHV genome during latency, whereas RTA-mediated reactivation induces EZH2 dissociation from the genomic regions encoding IE and E genes concurrent with decreasing H3K27me3 level and increasing IE/E lytic gene expression. Moreover, either the inhibition of EZH2 expression by a small molecule inhibitor DZNep and RNAi knockdown, or the expression of H3K27me3-specific histone demethylases apparently induced the KSHV lytic gene expression cascade. These data indicate that histone modifications associated with the KSHV latent genome are involved in the regulation of latency and ultimately in the control of the temporal and sequential expression of the lytic gene cascade. In addition, the PcG proteins play a critical role in the control of KSHV latency by maintaining a reversible heterochromatin on the KSHV lytic genes. Thus, the regulation of the spatial and temporal association of the PcG proteins with the KSHV genome may be crucial for propagating the KSHV lifecycle.
    PLoS Pathogens 01/2010; 6(7):e1001013. · 8.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Development of betulinic acid derivatives for clinical use has been hampered by adverse pharmacological and physico-chemical characteristics of this class of compounds. We here present a novel semi-synthetic betulinic acid-derived drug candidate well suited for further clinical development. In vitro activity and mode of action of NVX-207 were determined using normal as well as cancer cell lines. Gene expression profiling was performed with Affymetrix U133 microarrays. NVX-207 binding partners were identified using a heterobifunctional chemical crosslinker system. Potential binding proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis. Clinical studies were conducted in canine cancer patients suffering from spontaneously arising pre-treated tumours. NVX-207 showed anti-tumour activity (mean IC(50) = 3.5 microM) against various human and canine cell lines. NVX-207-induced apoptosis was associated with activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway via cleavage of caspases -9, -3, -7 and of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Global gene expression profiling demonstrated regulation of genes associated with lipid metabolism, most notably an upregulation of genes coding for insulin-induced gene 1 (Insig-1), low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) and of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA). NVX-207 bound to apolipoprotein A-I, a major regulator of lipid metabolism and cholesterol transport. A phase I/II study in dogs suffering from naturally occurring cancer receiving local treatment of NVX-207 (10 mg mL(-1)) showed excellent clinical responses including a complete remission in so far 5/5 treated animals. NVX-207 is well tolerated and has significant anti-cancer activity in vitro and in vivo in dogs with treatment-resistant malignancies.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 04/2009; 39(5):384-94. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in children occurs as two major histological subtypes, embryonal (ERMS) and alveolar (ARMS). ERMS is associated with an 11p15.5 loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and may be confused with nonmyogenic, non-RMS soft tissue sarcomas. ARMS expresses the product of a genomic translocation that fuses FOXO1 (FKHR) with either PAX3 or PAX7 (P-F); however, at least 25% of cases lack these translocations. Here, we describe a genomic-based classification scheme that is derived from the combined gene expression profiling and LOH analysis of 160 cases of RMS and non-RMS soft tissue sarcomas that is at variance with conventional histopathological schemes. We found that gene expression profiles and patterns of LOH of ARMS cases lacking P-F translocations are indistinguishable from conventional ERMS cases. A subset of tumors that has been histologically classified as RMS lack myogenic gene expression. However, classification based on gene expression is possible using as few as five genes with an estimated error rate of less than 5%. Using immunohistochemistry, we characterized two markers, HMGA2 and TFAP2ss, which facilitate the differential diagnoses of ERMS and P-F RMS, respectively, using clinical material. These objectively derived molecular classes are based solely on genomic analysis at the time of diagnosis and are highly reproducible. Adoption of these molecular criteria may offer a more clinically relevant diagnostic scheme, thus potentially improving patient management and therapeutic RMS outcomes.
    American Journal Of Pathology 02/2009; 174(2):550-64. · 4.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Children's cancer group (CCG) 2891, newly diagnosed patients with AML were randomized between standard and intensive timing induction therapies. Patients in first remission who lacked an HLA matched family donor were randomized between an autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) where marrow was purged with 4 hydroperoxycyclophosphamide and consolidation chemotherapy. One hundred and thirty seven patients received an ABMT. Myeloid and platelet engraftment occurred at a median of 44 and 42 days, respectively. Disease-free survival (DFS), relapse-free survival and overall survival at 8 years post induction were 47% (95% confidence interval (CI): 38-55), 50% (CI: 42-59) and 55% (CI: 46-63), respectively. Multivariate analysis of DFS showed WBC <50 000/microl and having received intensively timed induction therapy were associated with improved DFS. Recipients who received intensive timed induction therapy and whose WBC was less than 50 000/microl had a DFS at 8 years of 62% (CI: 49-73). Conversely, recipients who received intensive timed induction therapy patients whose WBC was > or =50 000/microl had a DFS of 33% (CI: 17-50), P=0.003. The results confirm previous studies that ABMT is effective post remission therapy for pediatric patients with AML in first remission.
    Bone Marrow Transplantation 08/2007; 40(4):313-8. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, a strong association has been observed for the complement factor H (CFH) Tyr402His polymorphism with early and advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in independent non-Hispanic White, clinic-based, case-control studies. These studies suggest the CFH His402 allele is a major risk allele in early and advanced AMD, explaining 43% to 70% of all AMD in older adults. We utilized a population-based case-control study design of early AMD among Latinos/Hispanics to evaluate the CFH Tyr402His polymorphism for an association with early AMD phenotypes. Retrospective population-based case-control study. This study cohort consists of 285 early AMD cases and 570 controls matched on age, birthplace, and smoking status. Genotype determination was performed by allele-specific digestion of polymerase chain reaction products. Complement factor H Tyr402His polymorphism. We observed no overall statistically significant association with early AMD among Latinos. However, a subset of early AMD cases that have bilateral, not unilateral, intermediate-to-large soft macular drusen were 1.7 times more likely to carry either the homozygous or heterozygous His402 genotype. Our data suggest that the CFH Tyr402His is not a major risk factor for overall early AMD in this Latino population, but may play a role in susceptibility to phenotypes of early AMD likely to progress to late AMD.
    Ophthalmology 02/2007; 114(1):99-103. · 5.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphomas, one of the most frequent types is lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL). Specific chromosome abnormalities are associated with prognosis in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but have not been evaluated for prognostic value in pediatric LBL. For the Children's Cancer Group protocol CCG-E-08 Etiologic Study of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Childhood, 13 patients were enrolled with cytogenetic analysis of LBL and on treatment protocol CCG-502. Pathology material and karyotypes at initial diagnosis were given central review. The patients were aged 6-13 years (median 9 years), with a male-to-female ratio of 12:1. All patients had advanced disease. Disease relapsed in six patients (event-free survival 54% +/- 14%, median 10.8 years). Chromosome abnormalities were identified in 11 (85%), and translocations at 14q11.2 likely involving the T-cell receptor alpha/delta locus (TCR A/D) occurred in 4 (31%). For patients with relapse, four had translocations t(1;14)(p32;q11.2), t(8;14)(q24.1;q11.2), t(11;14)(p13;q11.2), or t(9;17)(q34;q23), involving breakpoints in the regions of TAL1, MYC, LMO2, and NOTCH1, respectively. Pediatric advanced LBLs have a high frequency of chromosome abnormalities; in this limited study, these often involved translocations at 14q11.2, the site of TCR A/D. Translocations possibly involving TAL1, MYC, LMO2, or NOTCH1 may have contributed to poor outcome. Further studies are warranted in larger cohorts of children and adolescents with LBL to evaluate the prognostic significance.
    Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 02/2007; 172(1):1-11. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphomas, one of the most distinctive types is anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). Specific chromosomal abnormalities are associated with prognosis in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but chromosome abnormalities have not been evaluated for prognostic value in pediatric ALCL. For Children's Cancer Group protocol CCG-E-08 Etiologic Study of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Childhood, three patients were enrolled with cytogenetic analysis of ALCL and simultaneously enrolled on treatment protocol CCG-552. Pathology material and karyotypes at initial diagnosis underwent central review. Demographics included ages of 9, 12, and 14 years, and a male/female ratio of 1:2. All patients had advanced disease (stage III). Disease progressed or relapsed in two patients, and one died. Chromosomal abnormalities, including t(2;5)(p23;q35), the ALK/NPM fusion gene, and complex karyotypes with multiple additional abnormalities, were identified in all three patients. In two patients with progressive disease or relapse, additional chromosomal abnormalities at 1q21 and 10q24, possibly involving MCL1 and HOX11/TCL3, respectively, may have contributed to worse outcome. Pediatric ALCL cases frequently have complex karyotypes and usually involve ALK/NPM translocations in this limited study. Additional chromosome abnormalities may be involved in the pathogenesis of ALCL. Further studies are warranted in larger cohorts of children and adolescents with ALCL.
    Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 01/2007; 171(2):89-96. · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aggressiveness of metastatic neuroblastomas that lack MYCN gene amplification varies with age--they are least aggressive when diagnosed in patients younger than 12 months and most aggressive when diagnosed in patients older than 24 months. However, age at diagnosis is not always associated with patient survival. We examined whether molecular classification of metastatic neuroblastomas without MYCN gene amplification at diagnosis using gene expression profiling could improve the prediction of risk of disease progression. We used Affymetrix microarrays to determine the gene expression profiles of 102 untreated primary neuroblastomas without MYCN gene amplification obtained from children whose ages at diagnosis ranged from 0.1 to 151 months. A supervised method using diagonal linear discriminant analysis was devised to build a multigene model for predicting risk of disease progression. The accuracy of the model was evaluated using nested cross-validations, permutation analyses, and gene expression data from 15 additional tumors obtained at disease progression. An expression profile model using 55 genes defined a tumor signature that distinguished two groups of patients from among those older than 12 months at diagnosis and clinically classified as having high-risk disease, those with a progression-free survival (PFS) rate of 16% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 8% to 28%), and those with a PFS rate of 79% (95% CI = 57% to 91%) (P<.01). These tumor signatures also identified two groups of patients with PFS of 15% (95% CI = 7% to 27%) and 69% (95% CI = 40% to 86%) (P<.01) from among patients who were older than 18 months at diagnosis. The gene expression signature of untreated molecular high-risk tumors was also present in progressively growing tumors. Gene expression signatures of tumors obtained at diagnosis from patients with clinically indistinguishable high-risk, metastatic neuroblastomas identify subgroups with different outcomes. Accurate identification of these subgroups with gene expression profiles may facilitate development, implementation, and analysis of clinical trials aimed at improving outcome.
    CancerSpectrum Knowledge Environment 09/2006; 98(17):1193-203. · 14.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas (ARMS) are aggressive soft-tissue sarcomas affecting children and young adults. Most ARMS tumors express the PAX3-FKHR or PAX7-FKHR (PAX-FKHR) fusion genes resulting from the t(2;13) or t(1;13) chromosomal translocations, respectively. However, up to 25% of ARMS tumors are fusion negative, making it unclear whether ARMS represent a single disease or multiple clinical and biological entities with a common phenotype. To test to what extent PAX-FKHR determine class and behavior of ARMS, we used oligonucleotide microarray expression profiling on 139 primary rhabdomyosarcoma tumors and an in vitro model. We found that ARMS tumors expressing either PAX-FKHR gene share a common expression profile distinct from fusion-negative ARMS and from the other rhabdomyosarcoma variants. We also observed that PAX-FKHR expression above a minimum level is necessary for the detection of this expression profile. Using an ectopic PAX3-FKHR and PAX7-FKHR expression model, we identified an expression signature regulated by PAX-FKHR that is specific to PAX-FKHR-positive ARMS tumors. Data mining for functional annotations of signature genes suggested a role for PAX-FKHR in regulating ARMS proliferation and differentiation. Cox regression modeling identified a subset of genes within the PAX-FKHR expression signature that segregated ARMS patients into three risk groups with 5-year overall survival estimates of 7%, 48%, and 93%. These prognostic classes were independent of conventional clinical risk factors. Our results show that PAX-FKHR dictate a specific expression signature that helps define the molecular phenotype of PAX-FKHR-positive ARMS tumors and, because it is linked with disease outcome in ARMS patients, determine tumor behavior.
    Cancer Research 08/2006; 66(14):6936-46. · 8.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: YB-1 is a broad-specificity RNA-binding protein that is involved in regulation of mRNA transcription, splicing, translation, and stability. In both germinal and somatic cells, YB-1 and related proteins are major components of translationally inactive messenger ribonucleoprotein particles (mRNPs) and are mainly responsible for storage of mRNAs in a silent state. However, mechanisms regulating the repressor activity of YB-1 are not well understood. Here we demonstrate that association of YB-1 with the capped 5' terminus of the mRNA is regulated via phosphorylation by the serine/threonine protein kinase Akt. In contrast to its nonphosphorylated form, phosphorylated YB-1 fails to inhibit cap-dependent but not internal ribosome entry site-dependent translation of a reporter mRNA in vitro. We also show that similar to YB-1, Akt is associated with inactive mRNPs and that activated Akt may relieve translational repression of the YB-1-bound mRNAs. Using Affymetrix microarrays, we found that many of the YB-1-associated messages encode stress- and growth-related proteins, raising the intriguing possibility that Akt-mediated YB-1 phosphorylation could, in part, increase production of proteins regulating cell proliferation, oncogenic transformation, and stress response.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 02/2006; 26(1):277-92. · 5.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ras proto-oncogene mutations have been implicated in the pathogenesis of many malignancies, including leukemia. While both human and animal studies have linked several chemical carcinogens to specific ras mutations, little data exist regarding the association of ras mutations with parental exposures and risk of childhood leukemia. Using data from a large case-control study of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL; age <15 years) conducted by the Children's Cancer Group, we used a case-case comparison approach to examine whether reported parental exposure to hydrocarbons at work or use of specific medications are related to ras gene mutations in the leukemia cells of children with ALL. DNA was extracted from archived bone marrow slides or cryopreserved marrow samples for 837 ALL cases. We examined mutations in K-ras and N-ras genes at codons 12, 13, and 61 by PCR and allele-specific oligonucleotide hybridization and confirmed them by DNA sequencing. We interviewed mothers and, if available, fathers by telephone to collect exposure information. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were derived from logistic regression to examine the association of parental exposures with ras mutations. A total of 127 (15.2%) cases had ras mutations (K-ras 4.7% and N-ras 10.68%). Both maternal (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.7-6.1) and paternal (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.1-3.7) reported use of mind-altering drugs were associated with N-ras mutations. Paternal use of amphetamines or diet pills was associated with N-ras mutations (OR 4.1, 95% CI 1.1-15.0); no association was observed with maternal use. Maternal exposure to solvents (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.0-9.7) and plastic materials (OR 6.9, 95% CI 1.2-39.7) during pregnancy and plastic materials after pregnancy (OR 8.3, 95% CI 1.4-48.8) were related to K-ras mutation. Maternal ever exposure to oil and coal products before case diagnosis (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.1-4.8) and during the postnatal period (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.0-5.5) and paternal exposure to plastic materials before index pregnancy (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.1-5.1) and other hydrocarbons during the postnatal period (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.0-1.3) were associated with N-ras mutations. This study suggests that parental exposure to specific chemicals may be associated with distinct ras mutations in children who develop ALL.
    Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers &amp Prevention 07/2004; 13(7):1230-5. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several experimental and epidemiological studies have suggested a role for the use of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors in the prevention of breast cancer. The relative lack of toxicity associated with these compounds favors their use as chemopreventive agents, but the underlying mechanism of their chemopreventive effect remains unclear. We have observed that the COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib inhibits growth and induces apoptosis in the immortalized breast epithelial cell line 184htert. Microarray gene expression analysis of 184htert cells treated with 50 microM celecoxib for 6h revealed the modulation of several genes of interest, including a significant induction of expression of the mRNA encoding insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3). IGFBP-3 is a potent pro-apoptotic protein and growth inhibitor of breast cancer cells, which acts mainly by inhibiting the access of the mitogens IGF-I and IGF-II to their cell surface receptor, but also via IGF-independent effects. Quantitative real-time RT PCR demonstrated that 50 microM celecoxib induced a approximately 3-fold increase in expression of IGFBP-3 mRNA after 6h. Furthermore, ligand blot analysis revealed that celecoxib treatment was associated with the upregulation of IGFBP-3 at the protein level. IGFBP-3 (500 ng/ml) treatment of 184htert cells inhibited IGF-I and serum-induced proliferation, but had no effect on cell growth under serum-free conditions, indicating that IGF-independent effects of IGFBP-3 are not observed in this system. Our results suggest that celecoxib may decrease IGF-I-associated breast cancer risk by a mechanism involving induction of expression of IGFBP-3 and subsequent reduced proliferation of at-risk breast epithelial cells.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2004; 316(2):421-8. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Among pediatric non-Hodgkin lymphomas, the most frequent type is small noncleaved-cell lymphoma (including Burkitt and Burkitt-like). Specific chromosome abnormalities are associated with prognosis in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); however, chromosome abnormalities have not been evaluated for prognostic value in pediatric Burkitt and Burkitt-like lymphomas. For Children's Cancer Group protocol CCG-E-08 Etiologic Study of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Childhood, 19 patients were enrolled with cytogenetic analysis of Burkitt or Burkitt-like lymphoma and simultaneously enrolled on treatment protocols CCG-503 or CCG-552. Pathology material and karyotypes at initial diagnosis underwent central review. Demographics included an age range of 2 to 14 years (median 8 years) and a male:female ratio of 14:5. All patients had advanced disease (stages III and IV, or ALL). Disease relapsed in five patients (event-free survival 74%, median follow-up 10.4 years). Chromosome abnormalities were identified in 18 patients (95%) including t(8;14)(q24.1;q32) in 12 (63%); t(8;22)(q24.1;q11.2) in 1 (5%); partial duplication of 1q in 7 (37%); and 13q32 abnormalities in 2 (11%). In patients who had relapses, in addition to the t(8;14)(q24. ;q32), two had abnormalities of 13q32 and two had partial duplication of 1q. CMYC translocations were absent in Burkitt-like lymphomas from all three patients. Burkitt and Burkitt-like lymphomas in children have a high frequency of chromosome abnormalities. Burkitt lymphoma abnormalities often involve CMYC translocations, usually a t(8;14)(q24.1;q32). Additional chromosome abnormalities that involved 13q32 and partial duplication of 1q were associated with poor prognosis. Burkitt-like lymphomas were not associated with CMYC translocations. Further studies are warranted in larger cohorts of children and adolescents with Burkitt and Burkitt-like lymphomas.
    Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 04/2004; 26(3):169-78. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe features of patients with acute myeloid leukemia presenting with extramedullary leukemic tumors (EML). Among 1,832 patients entered on Children's Cancer Group's chemotherapy trials with acute myeloid leukemia, 199 patients had EML, defined as any leukemic collection outside the bone marrow cavity. Three patient groups were denoted: group 1 (n=109) with EML involving skin (with or without other sites of EML), group 2 (n=90) with EML in sites other than skin, and group 3 (n=1,633) without EML. The incidence of EML was 10.9%. Group 1 patients tended to be younger, had higher white blood cell counts, were more often CNS positive, had FAB M4 or M5 subtypes, and possessed more abnormalities of chromosome 11 than group 3 patients. Group 2 patients were younger, more often had the FAB M2 subtype, and had a higher incidence of t(8;21)(q22;q22) abnormality than group 3, but had similar white blood cell counts and incidence of CNS positivity at diagnosis. For group 1 the 5-year event-free survival was 26%, significantly worse than for group 3 at 29%. Event-free survival was better for group 2 patients (5-year estimate 46%), which remained a favorable prognostic factor by multivariate analysis. The authors retrospectively determined whether 118 (59%) of the EML patients received localized radiotherapy to the site of EML: 42 did and 76 did not. There were no differences in estimated event-free survival between patients who did and did not receive radiotherapy. Non-skin (group 2) EML appeared to be an independent favorable prognostic factor. Localized radiotherapy to the site of EML at the end of induction chemotherapy did not improve outcome.
    Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 11/2003; 25(10):760-8. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the response rate, survival, and toxicity of mitoxantrone and cytarabine induction, high-dose cytarabine and etoposide intensification, and further consolidation/maintenance therapies, including bone marrow transplantation, in children with relapsed, refractory, or secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To evaluate response to 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CDA) and etoposide (VP-16) in patients who did not respond to mitoxantrone and cytarabine. Patients with relapsed/refractory AML (n = 101) and secondary AML (n = 13) were entered. Mitoxantrone and cytarabine induction achieved a remission rate of 76% for relapsed/refractory patients and 77% for patients with secondary AML, with a 3% induction mortality rate. Cytarabine and etoposide intensification exceeded the acceptable toxic death rate of 10%. The response rate of 2-CDA/VP-16 was 8%. Two-year overall survival was estimated at 24% and was better than historical control data. Patients with secondary AML had similar outcomes to relapsed or refractory patients. Initial remission longer than 1 year was the most important prognostic factor for patients with primary AML (2-year survival rate, 75%), whereas for patients with primary AML, with less than 12 months of initial remission, survival was 13% and was similar to that of refractory patients (6%). Mitoxantrone and cytarabine induction is effective with reasonable toxicity in patients with relapsed/refractory or secondary AML. The cytarabine and etoposide intensification regimen should be abandoned because of toxicity. Patients with relapsed AML with initial remissions longer than 1 year have a relatively good prognosis.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 09/2003; 21(15):2940-7. · 18.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

5k Citations
812.07 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1989–2012
    • University of Southern California
      • • Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
      • • Department of Preventive Medicine
      • • Department of Medicine
      Los Angeles, CA, United States
  • 2007
    • Children's Hospital of Orange County
      Orange Cove, California, United States
  • 1989–2007
    • University of California, Los Angeles
      Los Angeles, California, United States
  • 2002–2004
    • Vanderbilt University
      • • Center for Health Services Research
      • • Department of Medicine
      Nashville, MI, United States
    • Children's Healthcare of Atlanta
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • 1994–2003
    • Children's Hospital Los Angeles
      • Division of Hematology-Oncology
      Los Angeles, California, United States
  • 1995–2002
    • University of Minnesota Twin Cities
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Minneapolis, MN, United States
  • 2000
    • Children's Mercy Hospital
      Kansas City, Missouri, United States
  • 1998
    • National Cancer Institute (USA)
      • Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics
      Bethesda, MD, United States
  • 1989–1998
    • The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1997
    • University of Minnesota Duluth
      Duluth, Minnesota, United States
  • 1992–1994
    • Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
      • Division of Clinical Research
      Seattle, Washington, United States
  • 1993
    • University of Illinois at Chicago
      Chicago, Illinois, United States
    • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
      Cincinnati, Ohio, United States