S Matuda

National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Kanoya, Kagoshima, Japan

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Publications (33)142.15 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) mRNA has been reported as an up-regulated gene in the heart and skeletal muscle of carnitine-deficient juvenile visceral steatosis (JVS) mice under fed conditions. PDK4 plays an important role in the inhibition of glucose oxidation via the phosphorylation of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC). This study evaluated the meaning of increased PDK4 mRNA in glucose metabolism by investigating PDK4 protein levels, PDC activity and glucose uptake by the heart and skeletal muscle of JVS mice. PDK4 protein levels in the heart and skeletal muscle of fed JVS mice were increased in accordance with mRNA levels, and protein was enriched in the mitochondria. PDK4 protein was co-fractionated with PDC in sucrose density gradient centrifugation, like PDK2 protein; however, the activities of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) active form in the heart and skeletal muscle of fed JVS mice were similar to those in fed control mice. Fed JVS mice showed significantly higher glucose uptake in the heart and similar uptake in the skeletal muscle compared with fed control mice. Thus, in carnitine deficiency under fed conditions, glucose was preferentially utilized in the heart as an energy source despite increased PDK4 protein levels in the mitochondria. The preferred glucose utilization may be involved in developing cardiac hypertrophy from carnitine deficiency in fatty acid oxidation abnormality.
    Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 03/2011; 102(3):349-55. · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is not known if the dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (DLST) gene, a mitochondrial protein, undergoes alternative splicing. We identified an uncharacterized protein reacting with an anti-DLST antibody in the I bands of myofibrils in rat skeletal muscle. Immunocytochemical staining with an anti-DLST antibody, the purification and amino acid sequence analysis of the protein, and the isolation and sequencing of the protein's cDNA were carried out to clarify the properties of the protein and its relationship to the DLST gene. A pyrophosphate concentration >10 mM was necessary to extract the protein from myofibrils in the presence of salt with a higher concentration than 0.6 M, at an alkaline pH of 7.5-8.0. The protein corresponded to the amino acid sequence of the C-terminal side of DLST. The cDNAs for this protein were splicing variants of the DLST gene, with deletions of both exons 2 and 3, or only exon 2 or 3. These variants possessed an open reading frame from an initiation codon in exon 8 of the DLST gene to a termination codon in exon 15, generating a protein with a molecular weight of 30 kDa. The DLST gene undergoes alternative splicing, generating the protein isolated from the I bands of myofibrils. The DLST gene produces two different proteins with quite different functions via alternative splicing.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 10/2009; 1800(1):31-9. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (DLST) is a subunit enzyme of the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex of the Krebs cycle. While studying how the DLST genotype contributes to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), we found a novel mRNA that is transcribed starting from intron 7 in the DLST gene. The novel mRNA level in the brain of AD patients was significantly lower than that of controls. The truncated gene product (designated MIRTD) localized to the intermembrane space of mitochondria. To investigate the function of MIRTD, we established human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells expressing a maxizyme, a kind of ribozyme, that specifically digests the MIRTD mRNA. The expression of the maxizyme specifically eliminated the MIRTD protein and the resultant MIRTD-deficient cells exhibited a marked decrease in the amounts of subunits of complexes I and IV of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, resulting in a decline of activity. A pulse-label experiment revealed that the loss of the subunits is a post-translational event. Thus, the DLST gene is bifunctional and MIRTD transcribed from the gene contributes to the biogenesis of the mitochondrial respiratory complexes.
    The EMBO Journal 07/2003; 22(12):2913-23. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (DLST) gene of the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (alpha-KGDC) was isolated from a rat genomic DNA library and sequenced. This gene was composed of 15 exons and 14 introns like the human DLST gene. Sequence analysis of the promoter-regulatory region of the rat DLST gene-(Dlst) showed the possible presence of a CAAT box-sequence and of the sequences for an AP-2 site and three Sp1 sites, but no TATA box-sequence was evidenced. The nucleotide sequences of introns 1 and 4 of the rat Dlst were significantly homologous to those of introns 1 and 4 of the human DLST gene. The sequence analysis of the rat Dlst suggested that the exon coding for the E3- and/or E1-binding domain may have been lost from the gene during evolution in eukaryotic DLST, possibly after mitochondrial symbiosis because prokaryotic DLST possesses the E3- and/or E1-binding domain.
    DNA Sequence 01/2003; 13(6):363-7. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (DLST) is the core-enzyme of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex which is located in mitochondria. In this study, several tissues from rat and human were immunostained with an affinity-purified anti-DLST antibody. Of the tissues examined, the plasma membrane of skeletal muscle was immunostained with the antibody besides mitochondria. Furthermore, subcellular fractionation analysis coupled with Western blotting demonstrated that the antigen of the anti-DLST antibody is distributed on the plasma membrane fraction in addition to the mitochondria fraction in skeletal muscle and that it is free from the complex. The molecular weight of the polypeptide bound to the plasma membrane was about 20 kilodaltons (kDa). The polypeptide was purified by immunoprecipitation and its N-terminal amino-acid sequence was determined. The amino-acid sequence exactly corresponded to a part of DLST. Northern blots revealed the presence of mRNA corresponding to the 20 kDa protein. We are the first to report that a mitochondrial protein is also present on the plasma membrane in skeletal muscle as well as in mitochondria.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/1998; 241(1):151-6. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (E2, EC 2.3.1.61, chromosome 14q24.2-3) is a specific subunit of human alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC). A biallelic intragenic polymorphism was identified in E2 gene of KGDHC. It was a single nucleotide substitution between G (in allele 1) and A (in allele 2) at the position that does not change amino acid code. Using this intragenic polymorphism as a marker, we investigated the association between this gene and Parkinson's disease. Frequencies of the genotypes that carry allele 2 were significantly higher in the Parkinson's disease group than in the control group. The results indicated that a genetic variant of the E2 gene itself or in close proximity to the gene constitutes one of the genetic risk factors for Parkinson's disease.
    Annals of Neurology 01/1998; 43(1):120-123. · 11.19 Impact Factor
  • The Lancet 12/1997; 350(9088):1367-8. · 39.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, the dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase gene of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex was isolated from a human genomic DNA library and its entire nucleotide sequence was determined. This gene was approximately 23 kbp in size with 15 exons and 14 introns. All of the donor and acceptor splice sites of this gene conformed to the GT/AG rule. A guanine residue 43 bases upstreams of the ATG initiating translation codon was the transcription initiation site of the human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase mRNA. Sequence analysis of the promoter-regulatory region showed the presence of a CAAT-box-like sequence but the presence of a TATA-box-like sequence was not evidenced. Also located in this region were sequences resembling glucocorticoid-responsive and cAMP-responsive elements, and an Sp1 binding site. No nucleotide sequence corresponding to the E3-binding and/or E1-binding domain was found in any region of the gene. Therefore, the exon coding for the E3-binding and/or E1-binding domain may have been lost from the gene during evolution. Moreover, a processed pseudogene of dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase was isolated and sequenced. The nucleotide sequence of the pseudogene is 93% similar to the sequence of the human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase cDNA, but the pseudogene is not functional for base changes, deletions and insertions of the pseudogene. Southern-blot analysis showed the presence of a single copy of this gene and a single copy of a pseudogene in the human genome. In addition, a possible relationship between dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase and familial Alzheimer's disease is discussed.
    European Journal of Biochemistry 09/1994; 224(1):179-89. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report an immunohistochemical study of the mitochondrial alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC) in the substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease. The KGDHC, the three enzyme complex catalyzing the oxidation of alpha-ketoglutarate to succinate through succinic semialdehyde, is the rate-regulating enzyme of the TCA cycle. The mitochondrial toxin, MPP+, inhibits not only complex I but also the KGDHC. Therefore, we investigated this enzyme complex in Parkinson's disease. In the control patients (n = 6), the immunostaining of the melanized nigral neurons was generally uniform; most of the melanized neurons showed good immunostaining with some neurons showing somewhat reduced staining. In Parkinson's disease (n = 9), many melanized neurons showed reduced immunostaining for the KGDHC, and those neurons were more frequently seen in the lateral one-third of substantia nigra. The decrease in the immunostaining for the KGDHC correlated roughly with the severity of degeneration. The KGDHC is more vulnerable to degeneration than complex II, III, and IV as noted in our previous immunohistochemical study. Even if secondary, the loss may play a role in the progression of the disease.
    Annals of Neurology 01/1994; 35(2):204-210. · 11.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We isolated cDNA for dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase from a human fibroblast cDNA library in lambda gt11. The cDNA revealed that the human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase lacked a sequence motif of an E3 and/or E1 binding site. This suggests that the human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase possesses a unique structure consisting of two domains in contrast with the dihydrolipoamide acyltransferases of other alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes. In addition, we found that the human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase gene is located on chromosome 14 at q24.2-q24.3 and that a sequence related to the dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase gene is located on chromosome 1 at p31. Interestingly, the gene for the dihydrolipoamide acyltransferase of the branched chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex is also located on chromosome 1p31 (Zneimer et al. (1991) Genomics 10, 740-747).
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 01/1994; 1216(3):360-8. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormality of the dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase gene may be a cause of familial Alzheimer's disease linked to chromosome 14q24.3. However, the locus of the dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase gene on this chromosome was uncertain. An unspliced cDNA of about 2.3 kb for human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase was isolated. This cDNA contained three exons and four introns and the nucleotide sequences at the 5' donor and 3' acceptor sites of all introns conformed to the gt-ag rule. The amino acid sequences of the three exons support our previous observation that human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase lacks a sequence motif for an E1 and/or E3 binding site. The unspliced cDNA was mapped only on human chromosome 14q24.2-q24.3 by fluorescent in situ hybridization. Thus the dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase gene is concluded to be located on human chromosome 14q24.2-q24.3.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/1993; 196(2):527-33. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We isolated cDNA for dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase from a human fibroblast cDNA library in λgt11. The cDNA revealed that the human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase lacked a sequence motif of an E3 and/or E1 binding site. This suggests that the human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase possesses a unique structure consisting of two domains in contrast with the dihydrolipoamide acyltransferases of other α-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes. In addition, we found that the human dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase gene is located on chromosome 14 at q24.2–q24.3 and that a sequence related to the dihydrolipoamide succinyltansferase gene is located on chromosome 1 at p31. Interestingly, the gene for the dihydrolipoamide acyltransferase of the branched chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex is also located on chromosome 1p31 (Zneimer et al. (1991) Genomics 10, 740–747).
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Gene Structure and Expression 01/1993; 1216(3):360-368. · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A complementary DNA (cDNA) clone of dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase (E2) of the rat pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) was isolated from a lambda gt11 rat heart cDNA library. The amino acid sequence of a full mature protein of rat PDC-E2 was predicted by combination of the cDNA nucleotide sequence and the N-terminal amino acid sequence determined chemically. The amino acid sequence of rat PDC-E2 was well consistent with those of the E2 components of other alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes. These E2 components possess the sequence G-X-G-X-X-G, which is the consensus sequence for nucleotide binding sites of nucleotide binding proteins, in the E3 and/or E1 binding domains. The E2 components of the three alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes are suggested to be classified into three clusters separated during evolution.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 06/1992; 1131(1):114-8. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Full-length cDNA clones for succinyltransferase of the rat alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex were isolated from rat heart cDNA libraries in lambda gt11. The cDNA clones were identified as those for rat succinyltransferase by the identity of their predicted amino acid sequence with the NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of rat succinyltransferase determined by protein chemical analysis and the known amino acid sequence of bovine succinyltransferase. The clone with the longest cDNA consisted of 2747 base pairs and coded for a leader peptide of 56 amino acid residues and a mature protein of 386 amino acid residues. The primary structure of rat succinyltransferase showed close similarity to Escherichia coli and Azotobacter vinelandii succinyltransferases, in the COOH-terminal part forming the lipoyl-binding domain and the NH2-terminal part forming the inner core-catalytic domain. However, the rat succinyltransferase did not contain a sequence motif that has been found as an E3- and/or E1-binding site in the dihydrolipoamide acyltransferases of three alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes (Hummel, K. B., Litwer, S., Bradford, A. P., Aitken, A., Danner, D. J., and Yeaman, S. J. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 6165-6168, Reed, L. J., and Hackert, M. L. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 8971-8974). The absence of this sequence was confirmed by direct sequencing of the polymerase chain reaction product of rat heart mRNA and by computer analysis. These results show that the rat succinyltransferase does not have the sequence motif of the putative E3- and/or E1-binding site.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/1991; 266(28):19013-7. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex are multienzyme complexes consisting of three different enzymes. No significant similarity has been reported among the dehydrogenases which are component enzymes of these complexes, despite the presence of homology among the other component enzymes. Here we isolated cDNAs for the alpha and beta subunits of rat pyruvate dehydrogenase and they exhibited a significant similarity of the amino acid sequences among rat pyruvate dehydrogenase, 2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase (which is a dehydrogenase component of branched chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex) and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, suggesting that they have been derived from a common ancestral dehydrogenase. Our results suggested that the alpha and beta subunits of the pyruvate and 2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenases have been derived by the cleavage of the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase. However, we could not find significant homology between rat pyruvate dehydrogenase and Gram-negative bacterial pyruvate dehydrogenase.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 06/1991; 1089(1):1-7. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The partial amino acid sequence of rat lipoate acetyltransferase was determined using the intact protein and the peptides derived from a digest with Achromobacter protease I. The results showed the amino-terminal sequence of the mature enzyme to be (N) Ser-Leu-Pro-Pro-His-Gln-Lys-Val-Pro-Leu-Pro-Ser- Leu-Ser-Pro-Thr-Met-Gln-Ala-Gly-Thr-Ile-Ala-Arg-Trp-Glu-Lys. In addition, the sequences of two possible lipoyl-binding sites in the subunit, which are very similar to each other, were established.
    Protein sequences & data analysis 01/1990; 2(6):441-4.
  • Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 02/1988; 11(3):319-23. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex was purified from rat heart. A new component(mol.wt; 52,000) was found in the purified complex in addition to well known three component enzymes. This component(referred to as component X) was acetylated with [2-14C] pyruvate in the absence of CoA as well as lipoate acetyltransferase. The anti-lipoate acetyltransferase antibody reacted with component X and lipoate acetyltransferase, suggesting that component X shows homology with lipoate acetyltransferase in protein structure. cDNA for lipoate acetyltransferase was isolated from rat liver cDNA library in lambda gt 11. cDNA for lipoate acetyltransferase recognized two kinds of mRNAs of 3.5 Kb and 2.5 Kb.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/1988; 150(2):816-21. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex was purified from Ascaris muscle both with and without MgCl2 treatment at the first stage of purification. The specific activity of complex purified with MgCl2 treatment was about 2-fold as high as that purified without it. In addition to three component enzymes, two unknown polypeptides of 46 and 41 kDa were found in the complex purified by the two procedures. The quantity of unknown polypeptide of 41 kDa was increased in the complex purified with MgCl2 treatment as compared with that without it. Antibodies against the three component enzymes were prepared. All the antibodies precipitated the two unknown polypeptides in addition to the three component enzymes in immunoprecipitation experiments. Antibody against the alpha-subunit of pyruvate dehydrogenase reacted with the 41 kDa polypeptide as well as the alpha-subunit in the immunoblotting method. The unknown polypeptide of 46 kDa did not react with any antibody. These results suggest that the unknown 41 kDa polypeptide is a derivative of the alpha-subunit and that the unknown 46 kDa polypeptide is not a proteolytic-degradative product of component enzymes but is a component of the Ascaris pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. When the Ascaris complex was incubated with [2-14C]pyruvate in the absence of CoASH, only lipoate acetyltransferase was acetylated. In rat heart pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, lipoate acetyltransferase and another protein (referred to as component x or protein x) were acetylated. These results indicate that the unknown polypeptide of 46 kDa is a new component.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 11/1987; 926(1):54-60. · 4.66 Impact Factor
  • S Matuda, S Matuo, K Nakano, T Saheki
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    ABSTRACT: One cDNA clone for lipoate acetyltransferase, a component enzyme of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, was isolated from a rat liver cDNA library prepared in the phage expression vector lambda gt11 using immunological screening with affinity purified anti-lipoate acetyltransferase antibody. It was identified tha cDNA insert in this clone codes for lipoate acetyltransferase by immunoblotting of lysogen carrying the isolated clone. Lipoate acetyltransferase antigenic polypeptide in fusion protein was about 11,000 daltons, agreeing with the size of cDNA insert to be 300 base pairs.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/1987; 142(3):953-7. · 2.28 Impact Factor