A Fraioli

Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (52)99.03 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Functional disorders of the biliary tract involve gallbladder and sphincter of Oddi and cause pain and/or digestive troubles. In this context, in addition to pharmacological treatments, an important role is played by the use of sodium-sulphate and sulphate-bicarbonate mineral waters that, because of their composition into ions macro and trace elements, can stimulate the release or modulate the activity of some neurohumoral regulators of the digestive process. We want to do a study on the effects of hydropinotherapy with a sulphate-bicarbonate-calcium-magnesium mineral water in patients suffering from pain and other symptoms caused by biliary dyskinesias, biliary sand (without gallstones), or following a cholecystectomy (post-cholecystectomy syndromes).
    La Clinica terapeutica. 09/2014; 165(5):e346-52.
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    ABSTRACT: A circannual periodicity in thyrotropin (TSH) secretion has been reported but the causes of these phenomenon are still undefined. Vitamin D exerts a direct influence on pituitary axes including the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis. Aims of the present study were to investigate the presence of a seasonal variability of TSH secretion and to study the association between vitamin D status and TSH levels in a population of euthyroid adults. For this purpose, we recruited 294 euthyroid adults (M/F 133/161, 48.5 ± 12.4 years). Study participants underwent clinical examination and routine biochemistry assessment. Vitamin D deficiency was diagnosed for serum 25(OH) vitamin D <25 nmol/l. Significantly higher TSH levels were found in subjects who underwent blood sampling during the Autumn-Winter compared with individuals evaluated in Spring-Summer (2.3 ± 1.3 vs. 1.8 ± 1.1 μIU/ml, p = 0.03). Vitamin D deficiency was strongly associated with higher TSH levels (p = 0.01) after adjusting for sex, age, and sample's season. Although vitamin D deficiency was also associated with metabolic syndrome and its components, the association between TSH levels and vitamin D status persisted also considering these confounders. These data reveal the occurrence of seasonal variability of serum TSH concentration in euthyroid subjects and provide evidence for the first time that an association exists between vitamin D status and serum TSH levels.
    Clinical and experimental medicine. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Throughout the ages the interest in the use of sea water in medicine has fluctuated from century to century and from nation to nation. In this paper, the historical development of sea medicine from the ancient Egyptians until the 20th century is given. The medical world has viewed it with different opinions, from very enthusiastic to extremely critical, and from beneficial to harmful. In the last decades, thalassotherapy is receiving renewed attention from many medical specialties and health tourists. The aim of this review is that of offer an update on the real therapeutic possibility of the thalassotherapy. However, the exact therapeutic potential of thalassotherapy still remains largely unknown. Better and more profound scientific evidence for its efficacy is therefore warranted, in particular for its effects on the musculoskeletal system and skin. The main researches belong to the activity of thalassotherapy and the clinic outcomes, namely in osteoarthritis patients, were referred.
    La Clinica terapeutica 08/2013; 158(6):533-41. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metabolic syndrome (MS) and hypovitaminosis D represent two of the most diffuse condition worldwide, reaching pandemic proportions in industrialized countries, and are both strongly associated with obesity. This study set out to evaluate the presence of an independent association between hypovitaminosis D and MS in an adult population of obese subjects with/without MS. We recruited 107 consecutive obese subjects, 61 with MS (age(mean±SD) 45.3±13.3 years, BMI(mean±SD): 43.1±8.3 kg/m(2)) and 46 without MS (age: 41.8±11.5, p = n.s., BMI:41.6±6.5 kg/m(2), p = n.s.) comparable for sex, BMI, waist circumference and body fat mass, evaluated by bioimpedentiometry. 25(OH) vitamin D3 levels were measured by colorimetric method. Insulin resistance was estimated by fasting blood insulin, HOMA-IR and ISI. Serum 25(OH)D3 levels were significantly lower in MS obese patients than in obese subjects without MS (median(range) 13.5(3.3-32) vs 17.4(5.1-37.4), p<0.007). Low 25(OH)D3 levels correlated with glycaemia (p<0.007), phosphate (p<0.03), PTH (p<0.003) and the MS (p<0.001). Multivariate model confirmed that low 25(OH)D3 levels were associated with the diagnosis of MS in obese patients independently from gender, age, serum PTH and body fat mass. After stratifying the study population according to 25(OH)D3 concentrations, patients in the lowest quartile showed a markedly increased prevalence of MS compared to those in the highest quartile (OR = 4.1, CI 1.2-13.7, p = 0.02). A powerful association exists between hypovitaminosis D and MS in obese patients independently from body fat mass and its clinical correlates. This indicates that the association between low 25(OH) D3 levels and MS is not merely induced by vitamin D deposition in fat tissue and reinforces the hypothesis that hypovitaminosis D represent a crucial independent determinant of MS.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(7):e68689. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic widespread pain, tenderness at muscle and tendon insertions point when digital pressure is applied, sleep disorders, chronic fatigue, depressive episodes, anxiety, and other functional somatic syndromes. Objective. The aim of this study was to determine whether balneotherapy with mineral waters and mineral-water containing mud is effective in the management of fibromyalgia. Methods. We conducted a systematic review of the literature regarding spa therapy in the treatment of the fibromyalgia. We searched many databases for articles published between 2000 and 2012 and we selected 7 studies among 65 articles retrieved. A total of 142 patients received balneotherapy and 129 were controls. Conclusion. Study data confirms that spa therapy could improve the symptoms of fibromyalgia including pain, depression and minor symptoms.
    Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita 01/2013; 49(2):219-29. · 0.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evidence suggests an association between low serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] levels and the presence and prognosis of liver disease. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) has been widely detected in the liver, but its expression in the course of liver disease has never been investigated. We evaluated the hepatic expression of VDR along with that of vitamin D 25-hydroxylases in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and its relationship with hepatic histological features and serum 25(OH)D3 levels. We evaluated 61 patients (25 NASH and 36 CHC) who had undergone liver biopsy for clinical purposes and 20 subjects without liver disease. Serum 25(OH)D3 was measured via colorimetric assay. Expression of VDR, CYP2R1, and CYP27A1 was evaluated via immunohistochemistry in hepatocytes, cholangiocytes, and liver inflammatory cells. Parenchymal and inflammatory cells from liver biopsies of patients with NASH and CHC expressed VDR, CYP2R1, and CYP27A1. In NASH patients, VDR expression on cholangiocytes was inversely correlated with steatosis severity (P < 0.02), lobular inflammation (P < 0.01), and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease score (P < 0.03). Moreover, expression of CYP2R1 in hepatocytes correlated strongly with VDR positivity on liver inflammatory cells. In CHC subjects, fibrosis stage was associated with low hepatic CYP27A1 expression, whereas portal inflammation was significantly higher in patients with VDR-negative inflammatory cells (P < 0.009) and low VDR expression in hepatocytes (P < 0.03). Conclusion: VDR is widely expressed in the liver and inflammatory cells of chronic liver disease patients and its expression is negatively associated with the severity of liver histology in both NASH and CHC patients. These data suggest that vitamin D/VDR system may play a role in the progression of metabolic and viral chronic liver damage. (HEPATOLOGY 2012;56:2180–2187)
    Hepatology 12/2012; 56(6). · 12.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article describes changes in the basic digestive functions (motility, secretion, intraluminal digestion, absorption) that occur during aging. Elderly individuals frequently have oropharyngeal muscle dysmotility and altered swallowing of food. Reductions in esophageal peristalsis and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressures are also more common in the aged and may cause gastroesophageal reflux. Gastric motility and emptying and small bowel motility are generally normal in elderly subjects, although delayed motility and gastric emptying have been reported in some cases. The propulsive motility of the colon is also decreased, and this alteration is associated with neurological and endocrine-paracrine changes in the colonic wall. Decreased gastric secretions (acid, pepsin) and impairment of the mucous-bicarbonate barrier are frequently described in the elderly and may lead to gastric ulcer. Exocrine pancreatic secretion is often decreased, as is the bile salt content of bile. These changes represent the underlying mechanisms of symptomatic gastrointestinal dysfunctions in the elderly, such as dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, primary dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, primary constipation, maldigestion, and reduced absorption of nutrients. Therapeutic management of these conditions is also described. The authors also review the gastrointestinal diseases that are more common in the elderly, such as atrophic gastritis, gastric ulcer, colon diverticulosis, malignant tumors, gallstones, chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, Hepato Cellular Carcinoma (HCC), and chronic pancreatitis.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 08/2011; 26(4):659-68. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This article describes changes in the basic digestive functions (motility, secretion, intraluminal digestion, absorption) that occur during aging. Elderly individuals frequently have oropharyngeal muscle dysmotility and altered swallowing of food. Reductions in esophageal peristalsis and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressures are also more common in the aged and may cause gastroesophageal reflux. Gastric motility and emptying and small bowel motility are generally normal in elderly subjects, although delayed motility and gastric emptying have been reported in some cases. The propulsive motility of the colon is also decreased, and this alteration is associated with neurological and endocrine-paracrine changes in the colonic wall. Decreased gastric secretions (acid, pepsin) and impairment of the mucous-bicarbonate barrier are frequently described in the elderly and may lead to gastric ulcer. Exocrine pancreatic secretion is often decreased, as is the bile salt content of bile. These changes represent the underlying mechanisms of symptomatic gastrointestinal dysfunctions in the elderly, such as dysphagia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, primary dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, primary constipation, maldigestion, and reduced absorption of nutrients. Therapeutic management of these conditions is also described. The authors also review the gastrointestinal diseases that are more common in the elderly, such as atrophic gastritis, gastric ulcer, colon diverticulosis, malignant tumors, gallstones, chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, Hepato Cellular Carcinoma (HCC), and chronic pancreatitis.
    Nutricion hospitalaria: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Nutricion Parenteral y Enteral 08/2011; 26(4):659-668. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mud-bath therapy plays a primary role in the treatment and prevention of osteoarthritis that has been recognised since antiquity. Numerous studies have demonstrated its clinical benefits and its effects on inflammatory mediators (interleukins), the immune system, cenesthesic factors (endorphins), and the diencephalic–pituitary–adrenal axis. This study was conducted to assess the efficacy of mud-bath therapy with mineral water from the Sillene Spring at Italy’s Chianciano Spa in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Patients (n = 61) were divided into two groups. Group A underwent three cycles of mud-based spa therapy over a year’s time, whereas group B did not. Clinical conditions, visual analogue scale pain ratings, and Lequesne indexes of the two groups were compared. We also compared these same parameters in the patients of the two groups that were following the therapy with drugs and in the patients of the group A before and after spa treatment. The percentage of patients with no symptoms or mild symptoms was higher in group A than in group B. Within group A, this percentage was higher after treatment than before spa therapy. Even in the comparison between the patients of the two groups that were following the therapy with drug, the results was that in group A the percentage of patients with no symptoms or mild symptoms was higher than in group B. Statistical analyses based on various tests revealed that almost all these differences were highly significant. No adverse effects were observed in any of the patients in group A. In conclusion, the mud-bath therapy performed at Chianciano Spa with Sillene Spring water remarkably improved the clinical conditions of patients with knee arthritis and significantly reduces the frequency and severity of symptoms and the disability they cause.
    Rheumatology International 04/2010; 31(10):1333-40. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The -765G>C variation (rs20417 SNP) in the promoter of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene has been demonstrated to lower COX-2 enzyme activity in the vasculature, thus affecting atherosclerotic plaque growth and stability. Therefore, this genetic variant may be a candidate influencing the residual risk. Methods: In 285 coronary patients the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), defined as a composite of cardiovascular deaths, non-fatal myocardial infarction and stroke, unstable angina and revascularization procedures, was monitored for a median of 7.8 years. The genotypes were obtained in 231 patients (81%) by PCR amplification and FAU I digestion. Results: 89 MACEs (38.5%) were recorded during the follow-up in genotyped patients. Their incidence was not different in patients with GC or CC when compared with those with GG genotype (46.2 vs. 35.5% respectively; p = 0.14). Kaplan-Meyer analysis did not demonstrate any influence of COX-2 genotypes on the event-free survival time (log-rank p = 0.55). After controlling for confounders, the -765G>C carrier status was not associated with significant variation in the risk of MACE or its individual components. Conclusions: These results suggest that the functional G-765C variant in the COX-2 gene is not a significant predictor of the recurrence of ischemic events in coronary patients.
    Cardiology 03/2010; 115(3):236-42. · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors point out the therapeutic properties of sulphate-bicarbonate mineral waters. After summarizing the general mechanism of action of mineral waters, the main indications of such waters in thermal treatment are examined including: biliary sand, biliary dyskinesia, functional dyspepsia, irritable colon, chronic primitive constipation. The dysfunctions of biliary and digestive tracts are growing, mainly in the affluent world, because of the increase for stress, dietary habits, modern life style. Now they affect from 2,4% of general population to 7% of men and 20% of women, according to different studies. Mineral waters can improve symptoms and care some physiopathological underlying mechanisms. Authors stress the efficacy of sulphate-bicarbonate mineral waters in the therapy of biliary dyskinesias, namely gallbladder hypokinesia and Oddi's sphincter spasm, caused by their content in SO4 = anion and Mg++ cation and related effects on paracrine-endocrine gastrointestinal system. In addition, they report the effects of sulphate-bicarbonate mineral waters in the lithogenic bile (sand bile), because of their diluting and washing activity. Among the sulphate-bicarbonate mineral waters, the Authors outline the well-documented therapeutic activity of Acqua Santa and Fucoli of Chianciano Terme. Acqua Santa has stimulating effect on cholecystis's motility, as proved by controlled clinical trials. Finally, the therapeutic use of sulphate-bicarbonate mineral water is discussed in functional dyspepsia, chronic primitive constipation and irritable bowel syndrome.
    La Clinica terapeutica 01/2010; 161(2):163-8. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Authors resume the therapeutic employment of mineral waters, muds and baths in internistic syndromes or diseases. Mineral waters are used in the therapy of functional dyspepsia, gastro-oesophageal reflux, chronic primary stipsis, irritable bowel, biliary dyskinesias, mainly hypokinetic gallbladder and Oddi's sphincter, spasm, postcolecystectomy syndrome. The therapeutic effects of mineral waters are determined by their anion and cation content, the presence of undissociated salts and also by the presence of oligoelements. Additionally, the effects of a mineral waters are connected with physical constants: osmotic pressure and temperature. Many researches showed activity of the mineral waters on intestinal autonomic nerves and plexus (CIA), motility, exocrine, endocrine and paracrine digestive secretions and therapeutic properties belonging to evidence based medicine. Mud and bath therapy are effective in treatment of osteoarthritis. During and after mud-therapy effects on diencephalic-pituitary-adrenal axis were displayed, producing increase of endogenous opioids and cortisol. Clinical controlled trials showed significant improvement of symptoms as pain and stiffness. Inhalant therapy by sulphureous and salsojodic mineral waters improve symptoms as cough and escreate and functional indices as FEV1 in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The oligomineral waters are very useful in the treatment and secondary prevention of urolithiasis and of relapses of urinary stones after spontaneous expulsion, surgical treatment, stones removal by percutaneous or uretheroendoscopic treatment and lithotrypsia. Patients must drink at least 2L every day, substantially for ever. Chloruratesodic and bicarbonate mineral waters show improvement in disorders of lipidic and urate metabolism.
    La Clinica terapeutica 01/2010; 161(2):e63-79. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes mellitus is characterized by a very high prevalence of atherosclerotic disease. Aims of this study were to determine arterial compliance parameters in type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients as an expression of early pre-clinical endothelial dysfunction and to evaluate the impact of glucose exposure parameters such as the duration of diabetes and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA(1c)) on the risk of developing alterations in vascular compliance. 23 patients with uncomplicated type 1 diabetes (mean age: 32.78 +/- 9.06 years, mean disease duration: 10.78 +/- 7.51 years, mean HbA(1c) levels: 7.7 +/- 1.9) and 26 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects (mean age: 32.3 +/- 8.51 years) were recruited. In these subjects, we evaluated arterial compliance by calibrated tonometry (HDI/Pulsewave() CR-2000). Parameters included the following: large artery elasticity (C1), small artery elasticity (C2), systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and total vascular impedance (TVI). Patients with longer duration of T1D (>10 years) showed significant alterations in C2 (4.97 +/- 2.7 mL/mmHg x 100) and in SVR (1464.67 +/- 169.16 dina x s x cm(-5)) when compared with both healthy individuals (C2: 8.28 +/- 2.67 mL/mmHg x 100, p = 0.001; SVR: 1180.58 +/- 151.55 dina x s x cm(-5), p = 0.01) and patients with recent-onset disease (<or=10 years) (C2: 10.02 +/- 3.6 mL/mmHg x 100, p < 0.001; SVR: 1124.18 +/- 178.5 dina x s x cm(-5), p < 0.000). Both disease duration and HbA(1c) independently predicted impaired arterial compliance. Young adult T1D patients with no signs of disease complication have detectable vessel wall abnormalities, particularly of small arteries, suggestive of hyperglycaemia-related early endothelial dysfunction.
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews 11/2009; 25(8):756-61. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many previous researches showed clinical benefits, effects on inflammatory mediators and pain, immune system, hormones and on the diencephalic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Our study evalues the efficacy of mud-bath therapy with mineral water from the Sillene Spring at Italy's Chianciano Spa in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. In study we compared: physical examination of the knee joint, visual analogue scale (VAS) assessment of pain, and Lequesne Algo-functional Index. Tests were performed in 61 patients divided into 2 groups. The group A underwent three full cycles of mud-bath therapy over 1 year's time, the group B did not. An observational longitudinal study was also conducted on the patients of group A, before and after completion of the treatment protocol. Statistical analyses were based on use of Pearson's chi² test, Student's t tests for paired and unpaired data. The percentage of patients with no symptoms or mild symptoms was higher in group A than in group B (differences were highly significant); the mean value of VAS and the overall Lequesne indexes mean score reported in group A was significantly lower than that reported in group B. The same we observed comparing the clinical conditions of group A patients before and after mud-bath therapy. No adverse effects were observed in any of the patients in group A. The mud-bath therapy at Chianciano Spa significantly improves the clinical conditions of patients with knee osteoarthritis and significantly reduces the frequency and severity of symptoms and the disability they cause.
    La Clinica terapeutica 01/2009; 160(6):e63-74. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mud-bath treatment has a relevant therapeutic activity in reducing symptoms and disabilities in rheumatic diseases, as studies on inflammation process and clinical symptomatology have shown. Objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of mud therapy by natural limans of Cervia on clinical parameters in patients with lumbar spine osteoarthrosis (OA). 30 patients (20 females and 10 males) suffering from lumbar OA, diagnosed by clinical symptoms and X-Ray findings (osteophytosis, morphological changes of vertrebral somes, tightness of intervertebral spaces, alterated lumbar physiologic lordosis) were studied. All patients were examined first when recruited (T0) and after two weeks of therapy (T1). Interviews were submitted in order to estimate functional restrictions and pain. Statistical analysis was performed via t test for paired data. On the basis of the statistical analysis a very significant difference was demonstrated between the average values of the tests before and after the treatment. These results confirm the improvement of the symptoms concerning the pain, the articular functionality and the quality of life. The results of the study demonstrate the efficacy of the mud-bath treatment with natural limans of Cervia on the patients affected by lumbar spine osteoarthrosis (OA).
    La Clinica terapeutica 01/2009; 160(2):115-9. · 0.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gouty arthritis is estimated to be the most frequent manifestation of inflammatory arthritis in men aged over 40. Hyperuricemia occurs because of both exogenous and genetic factors, which are particularly influential in some populations such as Taiwan aborigines. Current understanding of the disease etiopathogenesis, its clinical manifestations and the stages of its progression are presented here. The criteria for a correct diagnosis of the disease are also reported, pointing out how to distinguish gout from clinical events of different origin but with a very similar symptomatology. A distinction is made between the agents used to relieve the acute attack (colchicine, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids) and those used with the purpose of correcting hyperuricemia and preventing recurrences and complications (allopurinol, uricosurics). Mecha-nisms of action, administration routes, doses, side effects and contraindications of every drug are described. Besides pharmacological therapy, the importance and the efficacy of spa therapy is underlined. Finally, perspectives opened by gene therapy are mentioned.
    Minerva medica 05/2008; 99(2):203-12. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Statins and fibrates have different effects on lipid abnormalities of familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL); thus, the selection of the first-line drug is troublesome. We evaluated to what extent monotherapy with a potent statin is more effective than fibrate in reaching the recommended lipid targets in FCHL. Fifty-six patients were randomized to receive optimal dosage of atorvastatin (n = 27) or 200 mg/d micronized fenofibrate (n = 29) for 24 weeks. To reach the optimal dosage, atorvastatin was up-titrated at each follow-up visit if low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol >130 mg/dL (>100 mg/dL in patients with coronary or cerebrovascular disease). The effects of fenofibrate and atorvastatin on lipoprotein fractions as well as on plasma levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and adrenomedullin (AM) were also evaluated. At end of trial, a greater proportion of patients on atorvastatin (average dosage, 20.8 mg/d) reached lipid targets in comparison with those on fenofibrate (64% vs 32.1%, P = .02). Atorvastatin was significantly more effective in reducing total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Conversely, triglycerides decreased and HDL increased more during fenofibrate. Nevertheless, atorvastatin produced a marked reduction in very low-density lipoprotein and very low-density lipoprotein remnants. Atorvastatin lowered all LDL subtypes, although fenofibrate appeared to be more effective on denser LDL. Compared with 43 normolipemic controls, FCHL patients presented increased baseline plasma levels of ET-1 (P = .007) but not of AM. Fenofibrate, but not atorvastatin, significantly lowered ET-1 levels by 16.7% (P < .05). Neither drug significantly affected plasma concentrations of AM. In summary, although fenofibrate showed superiority in raising HDL and reducing ET-1, atorvastatin was more effective in reaching lipid targets in FCHL so that it can be proposed as the first-line option in the management of this atherogenic hyperlipidemia.
    Metabolism 11/2007; 56(11):1534-41. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors focus on water resources and the use of mineral waters in human nutrition, especially in the different stages of life, in physical activity and in the presence of some morbid conditions. Mineral water is characterized by its purity at source, its content in minerals, trace elements and other constituents, its conservation and its healing properties recognized by the Ministry of Health after clinical and pharmacological trials. Based on total salt content in grams after evaporation of 1l mineral water dried at 180 degrees C (dry residues), mineral waters can be classified as: waters with a very low mineral content, waters low in mineral content, waters with a medium mineral content, and strongly mineralized waters. Based on ion composition mineral waters can be classified as: bicarbonate waters, sulfate waters, sodium chloride or saltwater, sulfuric waters. Based on biological activity mineral waters can be classified as: diuretic waters, cathartic waters, waters with antiphlogistic properties. Instructions for use, doses, and current regulations are included.
    Clinical Nutrition 07/2006; 25(3):377-85. · 3.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the last decades, quality has imposed itself as a competitive need for firms, and also as a new normative parameter to guarantee the production process and the final product which the costumer buys. In the case of health services, the importance of quality is even greater because of the special value of this service, and the special relationship between the supplier and the costumer/patient. This relationship is often mediated by the State which has to provide the health services and the financial support for them. Thus, also in the case of Thermal Medicine, quality and its certification play a key role for the evaluation of the efficiency of the health service, and tend always more to be part of the health service accreditation process. In this article, we review the development of the idea of quality of service from the ancient Egyptian until the 20th century and we briefly recall the main European and Italian norms. We also examine the norms for the accreditation of the thermal health structures, and we review the main indicators of quality in Thermal Medicine, and the role of scientific research. Finally, we indicate that the cost of the lack of quality can be so prohibitive that the firms which do not follow the new standards, are put out of the market.
    Annali di igiene: medicina preventiva e di comunità 01/2006; 18(2):179-88.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors remind the main epidemiological and clinical findings of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD); the prevalence and incidence of COPD is increasing and COPD is now the IV cause of death in the world. Moreover, it is cause of increasing pharmaceutic and hospital charges. COPD has multifactorial etiology, linked to genetic and exogenous factors, as tobacco smoke, air pollution, microbial infections and cold. The GOLD guide lines of the medical therapy of the COPD are showed. The spa therapy of COPD is based on the inhalation use of mineral water, mainly sulphurous and salsojodic. Sulphurous mineral waters have vasodilating activity on vessels of bronchial mucose, improving its trophic state, and increase the production of secretory IgA and muco-ciliary clearance; they have fluidificant activity on bronchial secretion. Clinical trials showed improvement of cough, sputum and functional indexes as FEV1 and CV. Salsojodic mineral waters increase the fluidity of the bronchial mucus, muco-ciliary clearance and the trophism of the bronchial mucose. The authors remind the properties of sulphate and bicarbonate mineral waters in the spa therapy of COPD. Finally authors refer about some effects of spa therapy and climatic-environmental situations on COPD morbidity.
    La Clinica terapeutica 01/2005; 156(1-2):23-31. · 0.33 Impact Factor