Seong Bae Park

CHA University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (14)20 Total impact

  • Dae Il Park, Sung Woo Ha, Seong Bae Park, Helen Lew
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    ABSTRACT: To report clinicopathologic and ultrastructural feature of one opacified hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) explanted from a diabetic patient. A 48-year-old man underwent trans pars plana vitrectomy and phacoemulsification with implantation of a hydrophilic acrylic lens OS in November 2008. The patient complained of a marked decrease in visual acuity in May 2009 as a result of a milky opalescence of the IOL. Intraocular lens explantation and exchange were performed in August 2009, and the explanted IOL was submitted to our center for detailed pathologic, histochemical and ultrastructural evaluation. It was stained by the von Kossa method for calcium, and also underwent scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive radiograph spectroscopy to ascertain the nature of the deposits leading to opacification. Opacification of the IOL was found to be the cause of the decreased visual acuity. The opacification involved only the IOL optic, and the haptics was clear. Histochemical and ultrastructural analyses revealed that the opacity was caused by deposition of calcium and phosphate within the lens optic. We believe this report of calcification of the Akreos(®) MI-60 IOL is of clinicopathological importance. Long-term follow-up of diabetic patients implanted with this IOL should be maintained by surgeons and manufacturers.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 08/2011; 55(6):595-9. DOI:10.1007/s10384-011-0074-7 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate anterior chamber (AC) angles using gonioscopy, Van Herick technique and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). One hundred forty-eight consecutive subjects were enrolled. The agreement between any two of three diagnostic methods, gonioscopy, AS-OCT and Van Herick, was calculated in narrow-angle patients. The area under receiver-operating characteristic curves (AUC) for discriminating between narrow and open angles determined by gonioscopy was calculated in all participants for AS-OCT parameter angle opening distance (AOD), angle recess area, trabecular iris surface area and anterior chamber depth (ACD). As a subgroup analysis, capability of AS-OCT parameters for detecting angle closure defined by AS-OCT was assessed in narrow-angle patients. The agreement between the Van Herick method and gonioscopy in detecting angle closure was excellent in narrow angles (κ = 0.80, temporal; κ = 0.82, nasal). However, agreement between gonioscopy and AS-OCT and between the Van Herick method and AS-OCT was poor (κ = 0.11-0.16). Discrimination capability of AS-OCT parameters between open and narrow angles determined by gonioscopy was excellent for all AS-OCT parameters (AUC, temporal: AOD500 = 0.96, nasal: AOD500 = 0.99). The AUCs for detecting angle closure defined by AS-OCT image in narrow angle subjects was good for all AS-OCT parameters (AUC, 0.80-0.94) except for ACD (temporal: ACD = 0.70, nasal: ACD = 0.63). Assessment of narrow angles by gonioscopy and the Van Herick technique showed good agreement, but both measurements revealed poor agreement with AS-OCT. The angle closure detection capability of AS-OCT parameters was excellent; however, it was slightly lower in ACD.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 05/2011; 55(4):343-50. DOI:10.1007/s10384-011-0036-0 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The laparoscopic appendectomy has been a basic part of the principal of a more complex laparoscopic technique for the surgical trainee. As the number of laparoscopic appendectomies performed by surgical trainees has increased, we are trying to check the stability of, which is controversial, and the learning curve associated with a laparoscopic appendectomy. We studied the demographics, histologic diagnoses, operative time, the number of complicated cases, and hospital duration of one hundred and three patients who underwent an open appendectomy (group A, 53) or a laparoscopic appendectomy (group B, 50) retrospectively through a review of their medical records. The learning curve for the laparoscopic appendectomy was established through the moving average and ANOVA methods. There were no differences in the operative times (A, 64.15 ± 29.88 minutes; B, 58.2 ± 20.72 minutes; P-value, 0.225) and complications (A, 11%; B, 6%; P-value, 0.34) between group A and group B. Group B was divided into group C who underwent the operation in the early period (before the learning curve) and group D who underwent the operation in the later period (after the learning curve). The average operative time for group C was 66.83 ± 21.55 minutes, but it was 45.25 ± 10.19 minutes for group D (P-value < 0.0001). Although this difference was statistically significant, no significant difference in the complication rate was observed between the two groups. A laparoscopic appendectomy, compared with an open appendectomy, performed by a surgical trainee is safe. In this study, the learning curve for a laparoscopic appendectomy was thirty cases.
    Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology 10/2010; 26(5):324-8. DOI:10.3393/jksc.2010.26.5.324
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness measured by direct scanning (RNFL3.45 mode) and re-sampling from datasets (NHM4 mode) of RTVue-100 optical coherence tomography (OCT). Thirty-six healthy subjects and 76 subjects with glaucoma were imaged with Stratus OCT (fast RNFL mode, RNFL3) and RTVue-100 OCT (NHM4 (RNFL1) and RNFL3.45 (RNFL2) modes). Measurement reproducibility was assessed in NHM4 and RNFL3.45 modes of RTVue-100 OCT (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)). Agreement between different RNFL measurements was analysed by Bland-Altman plot. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (AUCs) for discrimination between healthy and glaucoma were compared between the different RNFL measurements. Both NHM4 and RNFL3.45 modes showed excellent measurement reproducibilities (ICC 0.831-0.978). RNFL thicknesses by two different modes of the RTVue-100 OCT, and by the Stratus OCT, were correlated in all sectors, including average. There was no significant difference between RNFL1 and RNFL2 data. However, RNFL thickness in glaucomatous eyes by the RTVue-100 OCT was significantly greater than that measured by Stratus OCT. RNFL thicknesses determined by the two different modes of RTVue-100 OCT were in excellent agreement (95% limits of agreement -6.53 to 6.95 mum). All three RNFL measurements showed good glaucoma discrimination ability (AUC = RNFL1 0.970, RNFL2 0.962, RNFL3 0.971). RNFL thickness determined by direct scanning and re-sampling from datasets of RTVue-100 OCT were in good agreement. However, both measurements in glaucomatous subjects were significantly different from those with the Stratus OCT. Those findings should be considered when a patient is followed-up using different types of OCT.
    The British journal of ophthalmology 06/2010; 94(6):763-7. DOI:10.1136/bjo.2009.166314 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the effect of presence with or absent of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and its stage, birth weight, conceptual age and associated diseases on the axial length of premature infants' eye.
    Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 01/2010; 51(1):81. DOI:10.3341/jkos.2010.51.1.81
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the glaucoma diagnostic capabilities offered by Stratus and Cirrus spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). One hundred subjects with glaucoma and 74 healthy subjects were tested by Stratus and Cirrus OCT. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of average, 4-quadrant, and 12-sector retinal nerve fiber layer thicknesses and sensitivities at fixed specificities (80% and 90%) were compared when the 2 OCT modalities were used to evaluate patients with early or moderate to advanced glaucoma. Likelihood ratios using normative classifications were reported. Overall, both OCT instruments showed similar glaucoma discrimination capability in average retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (AUC, 0.953 [Cirrus] vs 0.934 [Stratus]; P = .15). Cirrus OCT displayed significantly higher AUCs in the average, inferior, temporal, and superior quadrants and 7-o'clock measurements in early stages of glaucoma. The between-OCT instrument AUCs did not differ significantly in moderate to advanced stages. Abnormal results for both OCT instruments, after comparison with their normative databases, were associated with high likelihood ratios. In our series, the Cirrus OCT showed better glaucoma discrimination capability than Stratus OCT in early stages of glaucoma. Our findings suggest that spectral-domain technology of OCT may offer an improved capability of early-stage glaucoma detection.
    Archives of ophthalmology 12/2009; 127(12):1603-9. DOI:10.1001/archophthalmol.2009.296 · 4.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare the glaucoma discrimination ability of macular inner retinal layer (MIRL) thickness with that of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (RTVue-100; Optovue Inc, Fremont, CA) in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Sixty-five healthy subjects and 102 with NTG were enrolled. MIRL thickness provided by a ganglion cell complex (GCC) scan and two RNFL thicknesses measured by the NHM4 (RNFL1) and RNFL 3.45 (RNFL2) modes of the RTVue-100 system were analyzed. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of MIRL and pRNFL thicknesses for discriminating patients with NTG from control subjects were determined. The AUCs were compared between patients with central visual field (VF) defects (VF; <or=10 degrees of fixation) and peripheral VF defects (>10 degrees from fixation). The average MIRL thickness showed a strong correlation with both RNFL1 and -2 thicknesses (R(2) = 0.773, 0.774, both P < 0.0001). The AUCs for average MIRL, RNFL1, and RNFL2 thicknesses were not significantly different at 0.945, 0.973, and 0.976, respectively. However, the AUCs of the average and superior MIRL thicknesses were significantly less than that of the pRNFL thickness in eyes with moderate-to-advanced glaucoma and eyes with peripheral VF defects. The average MIRL thickness showed a strong correlation with pRNFL thickness, because patients with NTG at an early stage showed paracentral VF defects near the fixation point. MIRL thickness showed glaucoma discrimination ability comparable to that of pRNFL thickness in patients with NTG with early VF defects. In eyes with advanced or peripheral VF defect, pRNFL measurement showed a better glaucoma diagnostic ability than did MIRL measurement.
    Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 10/2009; 51(3):1446-52. DOI:10.1167/iovs.09-4258 · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare the performance of Humphrey Matrix perimetry (Matrix) and standard automated perimetry (SAP) for glaucoma discrimination. Forty-seven healthy and 68 glaucomatous subjects were included in this study. Glaucoma was defined as having a glaucomatous optic disc and a nerve fiber indicator (NFI) GDx VCC scanning laser polarimetry score of >40. Glaucomatous subjects were classified into two groups, early (40 < NFI < or = 50) and moderate to advanced (NFI > 50). The number of clusters on Matrix and SAP pattern deviation maps were estimated and scored. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUCs) of the cluster scores were calculated for early and moderate to advanced stages of glaucoma and compared between Matrix and SAP. Among 68 glaucomatous subjects, 24 eyes were classified as having early and 44 eyes as having moderate to advanced glaucoma. The overall AUC of the Matrix cluster score was comparable to that of SAP (0.857, 0.881, P = 0.538). The AUC of the cluster score did not reveal statistically significant differences between Matrix and SAP for either early or moderate to advanced stages of glaucoma (P = 0.831, 0.237). Both Matrix and SAP showed good diagnostic performance with glaucoma defined as structural loss. Matrix and SAP data showed similar discrimination capability for different stages of glaucoma determined by cluster analysis.
    Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology 09/2009; 53(5):482-5. DOI:10.1007/s10384-009-0717-0 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare correlations between structural and functional loss in glaucoma as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), scanning laser polarimetry (GDx VCC, as this was the model used in this study), standard automated perimetry (SAP), and the Humphrey Matrix (Matrix). Ninety glaucomatous eyes identified with SAP and 112 eyes diagnosed using Matrix were independently classified into six subgroups, either S1/M1 (MD>-6dB), S2/M2 (-12<MD<-6dB) or S3/M3 (MD<-12dB), according to the mean deviation (MD) of each test. Average and sectoral retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness and percentage of abnormal classifications using the internal normative databases of OCT and GDx VCC were compared among the six subgroups. In the SAP subgroups, RNFL thickness values obtained by OCT in the nasal and temporal quadrants and the inferior averages of GDx VCC did not differ between the S1 and S2 subgroups (p=0.137, 0.738 and 0.149, respectively). In the Matrix subgroups, no measurement parameters differed between the M1 and M2 groups except for the overall mean and average inferior RNFL thickness given by OCT and the NFI values of GDx VCC (p=0.013, 0.016 and 0.029, respectively). When abnormal classifications were compared, all measurement parameters, without exception, were significantly different in both the SAP and the Matrix subgroups. SAP subgroups showed a good correlation of structural and functional defects when assessed using OCT and GDx VCC. These correlations were weaker in the Matrix subgroups, especially in the early stages of glaucoma.
    Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 09/2009; 23(3):176-82. DOI:10.3341/kjo.2009.23.3.176
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between clinical factors including 24-hour mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP, (2/3) x mean arterial pressure [MAP] - intraocular pressure [IOP]) and visual field (VF) progression in eyes with medically treated normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). One hundred one eyes of 101 NTG patients followed up for more than 4 years (mean follow-up, 6.2 years +/- 12.1 months) were included after retrospective chart review. Several clinical factors including demographic, systemic, ocular risk factors, and 24-hour MOPP were explored for associations with decreasing VF. Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to compare outcomes with reference to four risk factors (age, myopia, and elevated MAP and MOPP fluctuation) for VF deterioration. Hazard ratios (HRs) for the association between potential risk factors and glaucoma progression were obtained using Cox proportional hazards models. Overall VF progression was detected in 29 (28.7%) eyes. There were significant differences between progressors and nonprogressors in nocturnal MAP and MOPP fluctuations (both P < 0.0001), 24-hour MAP, and MOPP fluctuations (both P < 0.0001), initial mean deviation (P = 0.0034), and pattern standard deviation (PSD) score (P < 0.0001). Both elevated 24-hour MAP and MOPP fluctuations were associated with greater VF progression probabilities based on Kaplan-Meier analyses. Among all risk factors investigated, the Cox proportional hazards model indicated that VF progression was significantly associated with 24-hour MOPP fluctuation and initial PSD score. Clinical factors other than IOP were associated with VF progression in our series of medically treated NTG eyes. Twenty-four-hour MOPP fluctuation was the most consistent prognostic factor for glaucoma progression.
    Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 06/2009; 50(11):5266-74. DOI:10.1167/iovs.09-3716 · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between blood pressure (BP) parameters in the habitual position and glaucomatous damage at initial presentation in patients with untreated normal tension glaucoma (NTG). Fifty-four eyes from 54 subjects diagnosed with NTG were consecutively enrolled. BP was measured with an automated ambulatory monitoring device in the habitual position during 24-hour in-hospitalization. Patients were classified into three groups: non-dippers, dippers, and over-dippers. corresponded to the degree of reduction in their nocturnal mean arterial pressure (MAP) compared with their diurnal MAP. Regression models were used to evaluate potential risk factors, including: age, pre-admission office intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), and BP parameters. Functional outcome variables for glaucomatous damage included mean deviation (MD) and pattern standard deviation (PSD) on a Humphrey field analyzer (HFA). Anatomic outcome variables were TSNIT score (temporal, superior, nasal, inferior, and temporal) average, superior average, inferior average, and nerve fiber indicator (NFI) score on scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation (SLP-VCC; GDx-VCC). Marked systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and MAP fluctuation were noted in the over-dipper group (p<0.05). A linear regression analysis model revealed that nocturnal trough DBP and MAP, average nocturnal SBP, and MAP were all significantly associated with a decreased average TSNIT score and an increased NFI score. Nocturnal BP reduction estimated in the habitual position was associated with structural damage in eyes with NTG. This finding may suggest systemic vascular etiology of NTG development associated with nocturnal BP reduction.
    Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 03/2009; 23(1):32-9. DOI:10.3341/kjo.2009.23.1.32
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the intraocular pressures (IOPs) measured by dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) and Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT), and to investigate the association of IOPs on eyes of varying central corneal thickness (CCT). In this prospective study, 451 eyes of 233 subjects were enrolled. IOPs were measured by GAT and DCT. CCT was measured three times and the average was calculated. Each eye was classified into one of three groups according to CCT: low CCT (group A, CCT<520 microm, n=146); normal CCT (group B, 520 microm<or=CT<or=550 microm, n=163); and high CCT (group C, CCT>550 microm, n=142). In each group, we investigated the association of CCT with IOP measurement by GAT and DCT. The IOPs measured by GAT and DCT were significantly associated for all eyes (R=0.853, p<0.001, Pearson correlation). CCT was related with both IOP measurement by GAT and DCT with statistical significance (mixed effect model, p<0.001). However, subgroup analysis showed that CCT affected IOP measured by GAT for groups B and C, whereas it affected IOP measured by DCT only for group C. IOP measured by DCT was not affected by CCT in eyes with low to normal CCT, whereas this measurement was affected in eyes of high CCT range. CCT may have less effect on IOP measurements using DCT than those obtained by GAT, within a specified range of CCT.
    Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 03/2009; 23(1):27-31. DOI:10.3341/kjo.2009.23.1.27
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare the diagnostic performance of Humphrey Matrix frequency doubling technology perimetry (Matrix) global indices with standard automated perimetry (SAP) for glaucoma discrimination.
    Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 01/2009; 50(11). DOI:10.3341/jkos.2009.50.11.1680
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    Seong Bae Park, Seung Ah Chung, Jong Bok Lee
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    ABSTRACT: To report the clinical characteristics and the results of a series of patients treated with various strabismus surgery techniques for Duane retraction syndrome (DRS).
    Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 01/2009; 50(6). DOI:10.3341/jkos.2009.50.6.893

Publication Stats

247 Citations
20.00 Total Impact Points


  • 2009–2011
    • CHA University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • University of Ulsan
      • College of Medicine
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2010
    • Kangwon National University Hospital
      Shunsen, Gangwon, South Korea