Y Adler

Tel Aviv University, Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel

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Publications (70)216.57 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Malignant pericardial effusion is a common and serious manifestation in malignancies. The origins of the malignant process include solid tumors or hematological malignancies, while primary neoplasms of the pericardium are less common. In the oncological patient, pericardial effusion may develop by several different mechanisms, namely by direct or metastatic spread of the primary process or as a complication of antineoplastic therapies. In some cases, pericardial effusion may be the first manifestation of the disease, and that is why malignancy must be excluded in every case of an acute pericardial disease with cardiac tamponade at presentation, rapidly increasing pericardial effusion and an incessant or recurrent course. Thus, the definite differentiation of malignant pericardial effusion and rapid diagnosis are of particular therapeutic and prognostic importance. Management of these patients is multidisciplinary and requires team work, but at present there is a need for further research. An individual treatment plan should be established, taking into account cancer stage, the patient's prognosis, local availability and experience. In emergency cases with cardiac tamponade or significant effusion, initial relief can be obtained with pericardiocentesis. Despite the magnitude of this serious problem, little progress has been made in the treatment of pericardial effusion secondary to malignant disease.
    Cardiology 04/2013; 124(4):224-232. DOI:10.1159/000348559 · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We appreciate your interest in the COPPS postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) substudy.1 Your letter has 2 main queries: The time of colchicine administration, and the possible beneficial effects of concomitant use of �-blockers as a potential confounding factor in the trial results.
    Circulation 06/2012; 125(25):1054. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.098491 · 14.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate therapy and rheumatologic aspects of recurrent acute idiopathic pericarditis (RAIP). We studied 46 patients. We used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) at high dosage. We did not start corticosteroid: if already started, we planned a very slow tapering; 37 patients (80.4%) were treated with colchicine. We also assessed the frequency of ANA, anti-SSA and Rheumatoid factor. With our protocol recurrences dropped from 0.46 to 0.03 attacks/patient/month (p<0.00001) within 12 months and remained at the same level (0.024) till the end of the follow-up (mean 8 years). In the 37 patients treated with colchicine recurrences dropped from 0.5 to 0.03 (p<0.0001) within 12 months, and in 9 patients not given colchicine from 0.27 to 0.045 (p<0.005). When colchicine was used the decrease was significantly higher (0.47 vs 0.23) (p<0.001). In 27 (58.7%) patients ANA were positive at a titre >1/80, in 7 (15.2%) >1/160. Rheumatoid factor was positive in 7 (15.2%) and anti-SSA in 4 (8.7%). During the follow-up 4 (8.7%) new diagnosis of Sjogren and 1 (2.2%) of Rheumatoid Arthritis were made. NSAIDs at high dosage, slow tapering of corticosteroid and colchicine are very effective in RAIP. The improvement is more dramatic in colchicine treated patients, but also other patients can achieve good control of the disease. The finding of ANA, anti-SSA and the new rheumatological diagnoses support the involvement of autoimmunity.
    Reumatismo 09/2011; 59(1):25-31. DOI:10.4081/reumatismo.2007.25
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    ABSTRACT: To review the current major diagnostic issues on the diagnosis of acute and recurrent pericarditis. To review the current available evidence, we performed a through search of several evidence-based sources of information, including Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Clinical Evidence, Evidence-based guidelines from National Guidelines Clearinghouse and a comprehensive Medline search with the MeSH terms 'pericarditis', 'etiology' and 'diagnosis'. The diagnosis of pericarditis is based on clinical criteria including symptoms, presence of specific physical findings (rubs), electrocardiographical changes and pericardial effusion. Although the aetiology may be varied, most cases are idiopathic or viral, even after an extensive diagnostic evaluation. In such cases, the course is often benign following anti-inflammatory treatment, and management would be not affected by a more precise diagnostic evaluation. A triage of pericarditis can be safely performed on the basis of the clinical and echocardiographical presentation. Specific diagnostic tests are not warranted if no specific aetiologies are suspected on the basis of the epidemiological background, history and presentation. High-risk features associated with specific aetiologies or complications include: fever > 38 degrees C, subacute onset, large pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, lack of response to aspirin or a NSAID. A targeted diagnostic evaluation is warranted in acute and recurrent pericarditis, with a specific aetiological search to rule out tuberculous, purulent or neoplastic pericarditis, as well as pericarditis related to a systemic disease, in selected patients according to the epidemiological background, presentation and clinical suspicion.
    International Journal of Clinical Practice 09/2010; 64(10):1384-92. DOI:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2009.02178.x · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetes and the metabolic syndrome are known risk factors for ischaemic stroke. Our aim was to examine whether amongst patients with pre-existing atherothrombotic disease, increased insulin resistance is associated with incident cerebrovascular events. Patients with stable coronary heart disease included in a secondary prevention trial were followed up for a mean of 6.2 years. Coronary heart disease was documented by a history of myocardial infarction > or =6 months and <5 years before enrollment and/or stable angina pectoris with evidence of ischaemia confirmed by ancillary diagnostic testing. Main exclusion criteria were insulin treated diabetes, hepatic or renal failure, and disabling stroke. Baseline insulin levels were measured in 2938 patients from stored frozen plasma samples and increased insulin resistance assessed using the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), categorized into tertiles or quartiles. Crude rates of incident cerebrovascular events rose from 5.0% for HOMA-IR at the bottom tertile to 5.7% at the middle tertile, and 7.0% at the top tertile (P = 0.07). HOMA-IR at the top versus bottom tertile was associated with an unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 1.37 (95%CI, 0.94-1.98) and a 1-unit increase in the ln HOMA-IR was associated with a HR of 1.14 (95%CI, 0.97-1.35). In further analyses adjusting for potential confounders, or categorizing baseline HOMA-IR into quartiles, or excluding diabetic patients, we did not identify an increased risk for incident cerebrovascular events conferred by the top category. Increased insulin resistance did not predict incident cerebrovascular events amongst patients with pre-existing atherothrombotic disease.
    European Journal of Neurology 06/2009; 16(11):1217-23. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2009.02694.x · 3.85 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements 06/2007; 8(1):135-135. DOI:10.1016/S1567-5688(07)71493-9 · 9.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The association between mitral valve disease and atrial fibrillation (AF) is well known, but few data exist regarding the impact of AF after mitral valve replacement (MVR) on NYHA functional class, atrial size and hemodynamic parameters. The present study was conducted to evaluate these issues. Eighty-six patients (26 men, 60 women) who underwent MVR were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography. Fifty-nine patients had chronic AF (AF group), and 27 were in sinus rhythm (sinus group). Variables analyzed included end-systolic left atrial and right atrial areas, tricuspid regurgitation, and presence and duration of AF. Peak and mean transprosthetic mitral valve gradients and pulmonary pressure were estimated by Doppler echocardiography. Groups were matched for age, sex and time from MVR (mean 6.6 years). Sixty-four patients (77%) had rheumatic heart disease, 18 (21%) had mitral valve disease, and two (2%) had mitral valve prolapse. Mean duration of AF was 11+/-12 years (range: 8-50 years). Preoperatively, AF patients had a worse NYHA class than sinus patients (2.8+/-0.8 versus 1.1+/-0.7, p = 0.001), but both had similar fractional shortening of the left ventricle and preserved prosthetic mitral valve function. Multivariate analysis identified AF as a single predictor of NYHA class after MVR. Although left and right atrial areas were larger in AF patients (47+/-25 versus 27+/-7 cm2, p = 0.0001 and 30+/-12 versus 17+/-5 cm2, p = 0.0001, respectively), the left:right atrial size ratio was not significantly different between groups. Multivariate analysis identified mean transmitral gradient and duration of AF as independent predictors of left atrial size after MVR (p = 0.01 and p = 0.0001, respectively). Tricuspid regurgitation and duration of AF were independent predictors of right atrial size (p = 0.003 and p = 0.0001, respectively). The presence of AF after MVR is associated with a worse NYHA functional class, increased transmitral gradients, and larger areas of both atria, when compared with sinus rhythm. Hence, a special effort should be made to correct arrhythmia during surgery, and in case of paroxysmal arrhythmia, earlier surgery should be considered before the condition becomes chronic.
    The Journal of heart valve disease 12/2001; 10(6):763-6. · 0.73 Impact Factor
  • The American Journal of Cardiology 10/2001; 88(5):594-8. DOI:10.1016/S0002-9149(01)01752-0 · 3.43 Impact Factor
  • N Fink, Y Adler, I Wiser, A Sagie
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    ABSTRACT: Mitral annulus calcification (MAC) is best diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography. MAC is associated with known atherosclerotic risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. It is also known from the literature that patients with MAC have higher prevalence of left atrial and left ventricular enlargement, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation, aortic valve calcification and stenosis, various cardiac conduction defects, bacterial endocarditis, cardiovascular events and stroke, though the etiological basis is unknown. Pathological studies from the 80's present a theory that MAC is a form of atherosclerosis. During the past few years we conducted a few clinical studies in order to test this theory and to examine the association between MAC and known atherosclerotic phenomena. We found higher prevalence of aortic atheroma in patients with MAC, especially complex atheroma, and we also found a continuous correlation between the MAC and atheroma thickness. We also noted that MAC patients have a higher prevalence of carotid artery stenosis, coronary artery stenosis, peripheral artery stenosis and higher levels of anti beta 2-Glycoprotein I antibodies in patients with MAC thickness equal or greater than 5 mm. These studies support the theory that MAC is a form of atherosclerosis and define a group of patients with higher prevalence of atherosclerotic disease in multiple blood vessels.
    Harefuah 10/2001; 140(9):838-43, 894.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in detecting cardiac and thoracic aortic sources of retinal emboli. Retrospective observational case series. The study population consisted of 18 patients who were initially seen with retinal artery occlusion (7 central, 11 branch) and underwent TEE as part of the systemic evaluation. All patients underwent TEE, consisting of complete two-dimensional and Doppler color flow examinations. TEE was done immediately after transthoracic echo (TTE) examination. The medical records were reviewed. Detection of a possible cardiac or thoracic aortic source of retinal embolus. Cardiac or thoracic aortic pathologic conditions, which were a possible source of the retinal emboli, were detected by TEE in 13 of the 18 patients (72%). They included aortic arch atheroma (n = 7), mitral annulus calcification (n = 4), left atrial appendage thrombus (n = 2), valvular abnormalities (n = 5), left atrial smoke (n = 3), and patent foramen ovale (n = 3). In 11 patients (61%), at least one cardiac or aortic source of emboli detected by TEE was missed by TTE. Significant carotid artery disease (>or=40% stenosis) was present in 3 of 16 patients (17%). TEE is a potentially useful modality for detecting possible sources of retinal artery emboli and may be considered as an adjunct to the routine evaluation of affected patients.
    Ophthalmology 09/2001; 108(8):1461-4. DOI:10.1016/S0161-6420(01)00641-8 · 6.17 Impact Factor
  • I Wiser, Y Adler
    Harefuah 08/2001; 140(7):621-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Mitral annulus calcification has been associated with embolic events, but the precise pathophysiology has not been elucidated. The authors describe four patients who experienced embolic events whose transesophageal echocardiograms showed a mitral annulus calcification, with a mobile component that exhibited the same echogenicity as the calcification. Three patients had no other conditions known to be associated with embolism. On follow-up transesophageal echocardiography, the mobile component of the mitral annulus calcification had disappeared in three patients. These findings support the hypothesis that mitral annulus calcification not only is associated with but also is possibly a direct cause of embolic events in some patients.
    The American Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 07/2001; 10(4):196-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1076-7460.2001.00018.x · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies have suggested that long-term diuretic therapy may be associated with increased risk of renal cell carcinoma. This carcinoma is not a common malignancy, but it shares risk factors with the considerably more widespread colon cancer (CC). However, there are no data whether or not a relationship between long-term diuretic therapy and CC mortality exists. In this study we tested the hypothesis that long-term diuretic therapy may be associated with increased CC mortality over a 5.6-year follow-up period. The study sample comprised 14 166 patients aged 45 to 74 years with a previous myocardial infarction and/or stable anginal syndrome, screened for participation in the bezafibrate infarction prevention (BIP) study. There were 2153 patients receiving diuretics and 12 013 patients receiving no diuretics. During the follow-up 139 (6.5%) new cases of cancer were diagnosed in the diuretic-treated group compared with 622 (5.2%) in the group receiving no diuretics (P = 0.02). Colon cancer mortality was significantly higher in the diuretic-treated patients (0.1 vs 0.5%, P = 0.001), whereas mortality differences for other cancer types were not documented. Multivariate analysis identified diuretics as an independent predictor of increased colon cancer incidence and colon cancer mortality with a hazard ratio (HR) of 2.0 (95% CI 1.2-3.2) for colon cancer incidence and 3.7 (95% CI 1.7-8.3) for mortality. However, the association between diuretic therapy and higher incidence of colon cancer was observed only among non-users of aspirin. A relatively lower colon cancer incidence was observed in the furosemide subgroup, and higher in the small combined amiloride/hydrochlorthiazide subgroup (HR 3.15, 95% CI 1.15-8.65). Long-term exposure to diuretic therapy may be associated with an increased colon cancer-related mortality.
    Journal of Human Hypertension 07/2001; 15(6):373-9. DOI:10.1038/sj.jhh.1001192 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mitral annulus calcification (MAC) is a chronic, non-inflammatory, degenerative process of the fibrous support structure of the mitral valve. It occurs more often in women and the elderly. MAC is associated with known atherosclerotic risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. It is also known that patient with MAC have higher prevalence of left atrial and left ventricular enlargement, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation, aortic valve calcification and stenosis, various cardiac conduction defects, bacterial endocarditis, cardiovascular events and stroke, though the etiological basis is unknown. Pathological studies from the 80s present a theory that MAC is a form of atherosclerosis. In order to test this theory we conducted during the last years a few clinical studies to examine the association of MAC and known atherosclerotic phenomena. We found higher prevalence of aortic atheroma in patients with MAC and atheroma thickness. We also found in MAC patients higher prevalence of carotid artery stenosis, coronary artery stenosis, peripheral artery stenosis and higher levels of beta2-Glycoprotein I antibodies in patients with MAC thickness equal or greater than 5 mm. These studies support the theory that MAC is a form of atherosclerosis and define a group of patients with higher prevalence of atherosclerotic disease in multiple blood vessels. The purpose of this review is to summarize the data concerning MAC and atherosclerotic processes, emphasizing that MAC in itself may be an atherosclerotic process.
    Atherosclerosis 04/2001; 155(1):1-8. DOI:10.1016/S0021-9150(00)00737-1 · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In vitro studies showed that low-frequency ultrasound (US) causes blood clot dissolution. This effect is augmented with thrombolytics, microbubbles and microparticles. However, in animal models of transcutaneous delivery, US alone is not effective, probably due to attenuation of US energy by overlying skin. When combined with thrombolytics or microbubbles, transcutaneous US is highly effective. To assess the synergistic effect of low-intensity low-frequency US and saline, hydroxyethyl starch (HAES) (a non-gas filled microparticle containing solution), streptokinase (STK), and their combination on blood clot disruption. Human blood clots from 4 healthy donors, 2-4 hours old, were immersed for 0, 15, or 30 min in 37 degrees C in 10 ml of the above-mentioned solutions, and then were randomized to 10 sec of 20 kHz US or no US. The % difference in weight was calculated. Immersion for 30 min without US resulted in 13.8 +/- 1.2% clot lysis in saline, and 22.0 +/- 1.3%, 21.7 +/- 2.1%, and 23.2 +/- 1.9% in STK, HAES, and STK + HAES, respectively (p = 0.002). US augmented clot lysis in all groups and at all time points. With low-intensity US, HAES was not better than saline. However, the combination of HAES + STK with US resulted in larger clot disruption at 15 sec incubation time (46.7 +/- 3.2%) than with saline (29.6 +/- 2.1%), HAES (29.6 +/- 2.5%), and STK (32.8 +/- 3.6%) (p < 0.001). low-frequency, low-intensity US combined with HAES and STK resulted in greater clot disruption at short incubation times. This combination may assist in achieving faster reperfusion in in vivo models.
    Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 04/2001; 15(2):119-23. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A sulfonylurea--usually glyburide--plus metformin constitute the most widely used oral antihyperglycemic combination in clinical practice. Both medications present undesirable cardiovascular effects. The issue whether the adverse effects of each of these pharmacologic agents may be additive and detrimental to the prognosis for coronary patients has not yet been specifically addressed. This study was designed to examine the survival in type 2 diabetics with proven coronary artery disease (CAD) receiving a combined glyburide/metformin antihyperglycemic treatment over a long-term follow-up period. The study sample comprised 2,275 diabetic patients, aged 45-74 years, with proven CAD, who were screened but not included in the bezafibrate infarction prevention study. In addition, 9,047 nondiabetic patients with CAD represented a reference group. Diabetics were divided into four groups on the basis of their therapeutic regimen: diet alone (n = 990), glyburide (n = 953), metformin (n = 79), and a combination of the latter two (n = 253). The diabetic groups presented similar clinical characteristics upon recruitment. Crude mortality rate after a 7.7-year follow-up was lower in nondiabetics (14 vs. 31.6%, p<0.001). Among diabetics, 720 patients died: 260 on diet (mortality 26.3%), 324 on glyburide (34%), 25 on metformin alone (31.6%), and 111 patients (43.9%) on combined treatment (p<0.000001). Time-related mortality was almost equal for patients on metformin and on combined therapy over an intermediate follow-up period of 4 years (survival rates 0.80 and 0.79, respectively). The group on combined treatment presented the worst prognosis over the long-term follow-up, with a time-related survival rate of 0.59 after 7 years, versus 0.68 and 0.70 for glyburide and metformin, respectively. After adjustment to variables for prognosis, the use of the combined treatment was associated with an increased hazard ratio (HR) for all-cause mortality of 1.53 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20-1.96), whereas glyburide and metformin alone yielded HR 1.22 (95% CI 1.02-1.45) and HR 1.26 (95% CI 0.81-1.96), respectively. Conclusions: We conclude that after a 7.7-year follow-up, monotherapy with either glyburide or metformin in diabetic patients with CAD yielded a similar outcome and was associated with a modest increase in mortality. However, time-related mortality was markedly increased when a combined glyburide/metformin treatment was used.
    Clinical Cardiology 02/2001; 24(2):151-8. DOI:10.1002/clc.4960240210 · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • D Tanne, D Turgeman, Y Adler
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    ABSTRACT: Stroke and its consequences are of global concern. Although stroke can affect individuals of any age, it primarily affects the elderly. It is among the leading causes of severe disability and mortality. In recent years, acute stroke has become a medical emergency requiring urgent evaluation and treatment. Effective management of patients with acute stroke starts with organisation of the entire stroke care chain, from the community and prehospital scene, through the emergency department, to a dedicated stroke unit and then to comprehensive rehabilitation. Intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase (recombinant tissue plasminogen activator; rt-PA) 0.9 mg/kg (maximum dose 90 mg) was shown to significantly improve outcome of acute ischaemic stroke, despite an increased rate of symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage, if treatment is initiated within 3 hours after the onset of symptoms to patients who meet strict eligibility criteria. Post-marketing studies have demonstrated that intravenous alteplase can be administered appropriately in a wide variety of hospital settings. However, strict adherence to the published protocol is mandatory, as failure to comply may be associated with an increased risk of symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage. Intra-arterial revascularisation may provide more complete restitution of flow than intravenous thrombolytic therapy and improve the clinical outcome if it can be undertaken in patients with occlusion of the middle cerebral artery, and possibly the basilar artery, within the first hours from stroke onset. However, further data are needed. Although intravenous alteplase is recommended for any age beyond 18 years, elderly patients, in particular patients aged > or = 80 years, were often excluded or under-represented in randomised clinical trials of thrombolysis, so that available data on risk/benefit ratio for the very elderly are limited. Small post-marketing series suggest that despite elderly patients over 80 years having greater pre-stroke disability, the use of intravenous alteplase in this patient group does not significantly differ in effectiveness and complications compared with the same treatment in patients aged under age 80 years. Further studies are necessary and elderly patients with acute stroke should be included in future trials of the merits of thrombolytic therapy.
    Drugs 01/2001; 61(10):1439-53. DOI:10.2165/00003495-200161100-00007 · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The last several decades have witnessed major advances in the understanding and management of constrictive pericarditis. The aim of the present study was to compare the diagnosis, treatment and outcome of constrictive pericarditis of 40 years ago to today. The study population consisted of 12 patients with a diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis who presented at the Institute of Cardiology of Beilinson Hospital, from 1961 to 1970. Their main physical findings, electrocardiographic and chest X-ray changes, and hemodynamic study results are discussed in relation to the surgical outcome of patients with constrictive pericarditis today. New noninvasive imaging modalities, such as M mode, two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are presented, and their advantages and disadvantages in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis and its differentiation from restrictive cardiomyopathy are explained.
    Annales de medecine interne 12/2000; 151(7):527-532.
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    ABSTRACT: Recently it was shown that subjects with aortic valve calcium (AVC) are at increased risk for future cardiovascular disease including stroke. We hypothesized that the increased risk of stroke may be due to an association with carotid artery atherosclerotic disease. Between 1995 and 1999 our laboratory made a diagnosis of AVC without significant stenosis in 3,949 patients. Of those, 279 patients without other cardiac structural exclusion criteria (148 men and 131 women; mean age 73 +/- 9 years, range 45 to 90) underwent carotid artery duplex ultrasound for various indications, and formed the study group. Age- and sex-matched patients without AVC (n = 277), who underwent carotid artery duplex ultrasound during the same period and for the same indications, served as the control group. Compared with the control group, the AVC group had a significantly higher prevalence of carotid stenosis (> 40% to 60%, 89% vs 78% [p < 0.001]; >60% to 80%, 43% vs 23% [p <0.001];and > 80% to 100%, 32%vs 14% [p < 0.001]). The AVC group had a similar, significantly higher prevalence of > or = 2-vessel disease and bilateral carotid stenosis (stenosis levels of > 20% to 40%, >40% to 60%, > 60% to 80%, and > 80% to 100%). In multivariate analysis, AVC, but not traditional risk factors, was the only independent predictor of severe carotid atherosclerotic disease (stenosis > 80% to 100%; p = 0.0001). Thus, there is a significant association between the presence of AVC and carotid atherosclerotic disease.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 11/2000; 86(10):1102-5. DOI:10.1016/S0002-9149(00)01167-X · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although mitral annulus calcification (MAC) has been reported to be a significant independent predictor of stroke, no causative relationship was proven. It is also known that aortic atheroma (AA), especially those >/=5 mm thick and/or protruding and/or mobile are associated with stroke. This study was designed to determine whether an association exists between MAC and AA. We prospectively evaluated the records of 279 consecutive patients who underwent transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for various indications to measure the presence and characteristics of AA. The 105 patients in whom a diagnosis of MAC was made on transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) immediately preceding the TEE, were compared with 174 age-matched patients without MAC. MAC was defined as a dense, localized, highly reflective area at the base of the posterior mitral leaflet. We measured MAC thickness with two-dimensional-TTE in four-chamber view and AA thickness, protrusion and mobility with TEE. AA was defined as localized intimal thickening of >/=3 mm. A lesion was considered complex if there was plaque extending >/=5 mm into the aortic lumen and/or if it was protruding, mobile or ulcerated. No differences were found between the groups in risk factors for atherosclerosis or in indications for referral for TEE. Significantly higher rates were found in the MAC group for prevalence of AA (91 vs. 44%, P<0.001), atheromas >/=5 mm thick (68 vs. 19%, P<0.001), protruding atheromas (44 vs. 15%, P<0.001), ulcerated atheromas (10 vs. 1%, P<0.001) and complex atheroma (74 vs. 22%, P<0.001). Sixty patients had MAC thickness >/=6 mm and 45<6 mm. AA thickness was significantly greater in the patients with a MAC thickness of >/=6 mm (6.1+/-2.8 vs. 5.0+/-2.6 mm, P=0.03). On multivariate analysis MAC, hypertension and age were the only independent predictors of AA (P=0.0001, 0.005 and 0.007, respectively). There is a significant association between the presence and severity of MAC and AA. MAC may be an important marker for atherosclerosis of the aorta. This association may explain in part the high prevalence of systemic emboli and stroke in patients with MAC.
    Atherosclerosis 10/2000; 152(2):451-6. DOI:10.1016/S0021-9150(99)00497-9 · 3.97 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
216.57 Total Impact Points


  • 1995–2013
    • Tel Aviv University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel
    • Rambam Medical Center
      H̱efa, Haifa, Israel
  • 1994–2010
    • Sheba Medical Center
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Medicine B
      Gan, Tel Aviv, Israel
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Brest
      Brest, Brittany, France
  • 1998–2001
    • Rabin Medical Center
      • Department of Cardiology
      Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 1997
    • Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel
      Petah Tikva, Central District, Israel