Matthias P Wymann

Universität Basel, Bâle, Basel-City, Switzerland

Are you Matthias P Wymann?

Claim your profile

Publications (72)646 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Selektive Dimerisierungsreagentien (CIDs; chemical inducers of dimerization) wurden entwickelt, um die Protein-Dimerisierung und -Translokation chemisch zu steuern. Wir stellen hier ein neues, photospaltbares CID (MeNV-HaXS) vor, das HaloTag- und SNAP-tag-Fusionsproteine bindet und eine exzellente Selektivität und intrazelluläre Reaktivität besitzt. Die Anregung bei 360 nm spaltet die Methyl-6-nitroveratryl-Gruppe von MeNV-HaXS, und das “Dimere”, wieder in die beiden Proteine. MeNV-HaXS verknüpft HaloTag- und SNAP-tag-Fusionsproteine und erlaubt ihre zielgerichtete Verschiebung an Membranen und Zellorganellen, z. B. Plasmamembran, Endosomen, Lysosomen, Golgi, Mitochondrien und das Aktin Zytoskeleton. Die photolytische Spaltung von MeNV-HaXS setzt Zielproteine frei und ermöglicht die optische Manipulation der Proteinlokalisation mit hoher subzellulärer Präzision in Raum und Zeit. MeNV-HaXS ermöglicht so kinetische Studien, Manipulation der Proteindynamik und der subzellulärer Enzymaktivität. Demonstriert wurde die Anwendung von MeNV-HaXS für die zielgerichtete Protein-Translokation an den Golgi und die kinetische Erhebung von Importprozessen in den Zellkern.
    Angewandte Chemie 03/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chemical inducers of dimerization (CIDs) have been developed to orchestrate protein dimerization and translocation. Here we present a novel photocleavable HaloTag- and SNAP-tag-reactive CID (MeNV-HaXS) with excellent selectivity and intracellular reactivity. Excitation at 360 nm cleaves the methyl-6-nitroveratryl core of MeNV-HaXS. MeNV-HaXS covalently links HaloTag- and SNAP-tag fusion proteins, and enables targeting of selected membranes and intracellular organelles. MeNV-HaXS-mediated translocation has been validated for plasma membrane, late endosomes, lysosomes, Golgi, mitochondria, and the actin cytoskeleton. Photocleavage of MeNV-HaXS liberates target proteins and provides access to optical manipulation of protein relocation with high spatiotemporal and subcellular precision. MeNV-HaXS supports kinetic studies of protein dynamics and the manipulation of subcellular enzyme activities, which is exemplified for Golgi-targeted cargo and the assessment of nuclear import kinetics.
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 03/2014; · 11.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: All class I phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) associate tightly with regulatory subunits through interactions that have been thought to be constitutive. PI3Kγ is key to the regulation of immune cell responses activated by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Remarkably we find that PKCβ phosphorylates Ser582 in the helical domain of the PI3Kγ catalytic subunit p110γ in response to clustering of the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) and/or store-operated Ca(2+)- influx in mast cells. Phosphorylation of p110γ correlates with the release of the p84 PI3Kγ adapter subunit from the p84-p110γ complex. Ser582 phospho-mimicking mutants show increased p110γ activity and a reduced binding to the p84 adapter subunit. As functional p84-p110γ is key to GPCR-mediated p110γ signaling, this suggests that PKCβ-mediated p110γ phosphorylation disconnects PI3Kγ from its canonical inputs from trimeric G proteins, and enables p110γ to operate downstream of Ca(2+) and PKCβ. Hydrogen deuterium exchange mass spectrometry shows that the p84 adaptor subunit interacts with the p110γ helical domain, and reveals an unexpected mechanism of PI3Kγ regulation. Our data show that the interaction of p110γ with its adapter subunit is vulnerable to phosphorylation, and outline a novel level of PI3K control.
    PLoS Biology 06/2013; 11(6):e1001587. · 12.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Tissue mast cell numbers are dynamically regulated by recruitment of progenitors from the vasculature. It is unclear whether progenitors are recruited during allergic sensitization and whether recruitment promotes allergic responses. OBJECTIVE: We sought to (1) determine the effect of mast cell recruitment on acute allergic responses and (2) to define the role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) isoforms in sequential steps to allergic responses. METHODS: Gene-targeted mice for PI3Kγ or PI3Kδ or mice treated with isoform-specific PI3K inhibitors (a novel PI3Kγ-specific inhibitor [NVS-PI3-4] and the PI3Kδ inhibitor IC87114) were used to monitor IgE-mediated mast cell recruitment, migration, adhesion by means of intravital microscopy, degranulation, TNF-α release, and subsequent endothelial cell activation in vivo or in bone marrow-derived mast cells. RESULTS: Functional PI3Kγ, but not PI3Kδ, was crucial for mast cell accumulation in IgE-challenged skin, TNF-α release from IgE/antigen-stimulated mast cells, and mast cell/endothelial interactions and chemotaxis. PI3Kγ-deficient bone marrow-derived mast cells did not adhere to the endothelium in TNF-α-treated cremaster muscle, whereas PI3Kδ was not required. Depletion of TNF-α blocked IgE-induced mast cell recruitment, which links tissue mast cell-derived cytokine release to endothelial activation and mast cell recruitment. Interference with mast cell recruitment protected against anaphylaxis and was superior to blockage of tissue mast cell degranulation. CONCLUSIONS: Interference with mast cell recruitment to exacerbated tissues provides a novel strategy to alleviate allergic reactions and surpassed attenuation of tissue mast cell degranulation. This results in prolonged drug action and allows for reduction of drug doses required to block anaphylaxis, an important feature for drugs targeting inflammatory disease in general.
    The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 05/2013; · 12.05 Impact Factor
  • Matthias P Wymann, Kai Simons
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Membranes define the identity of cells: they are crucial for a cell's perception of the environment, they regulate cellular homeostasis, and they function as hubs for extra- and intracellular signals. Countless lipids have been identified, but how they function in different cell organelles is still poorly defined. Dynamic processes such as membrane fusion, fission, aging, and elimination are being delineated, but are not fully understood. We know that localized lipid-protein and lipid-lipid interactions in membranes determine cell function and fate, but much remains to be learned about the exact nature of these processes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    FEBS Journal 05/2013; · 4.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cell activation initiated by receptor ligands or oncogenes triggers complex and convoluted intracellular signaling. Techniques initiating signals at defined starting points and cellular locations are attractive to elucidate the output of selected pathways. Here, we present the development and validation of a protein heterodimerization system based on small molecules cross-linking fusion proteins derived from HaloTags and SNAP-tags. Chemical dimerizers of HaloTag and SNAP-tag (HaXS) show excellent selectivity and have been optimized for intracellular reactivity. HaXS force protein-protein interactions and can translocate proteins to various cellular compartments. Due to the covalent nature of the HaloTag-HaXS-SNAP-tag complex, intracellular dimerization can be easily monitored. First applications include protein targeting to cytoskeleton, to the plasma membrane, to lysosomes, the initiation of the PI3K/mTOR pathway, and multiplexed protein complex formation in combination with the rapamycin dimerization system.
    Chemistry & biology 04/2013; 20(4):549-57. · 6.52 Impact Factor
  • Matthias P Wymann, Giovanni Solinas
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase γ (PI3Kγ) plays a central role in inflammation, allergy, cardiovascular, and metabolic disease. Obesity is accompanied by chronic, low-grade inflammation. As PI3Kγ plays a major role in leukocyte recruitment, targeting of PI3Kγ has been considered to be a strategy for attenuating progression of obesity to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Indeed, PI3Kγ null mice are protected from high fat diet-induced obesity, metabolic inflammation, fatty liver, and insulin resistance. The lean phenotype of the PI3Kγ-null mice has been linked to increased thermogenesis and energy expenditure. Surprisingly, the increase in fat mass and metabolic aberrations were not linked to PI3Kγ activity in the hematopoietic compartment. Thermogenesis and oxygen consumption are modulated by PI3Kγ lipid kinase-dependent and -independent signaling mechanisms. PI3Kγ signaling controls metabolic and inflammatory stress, and may provide an entry point for therapeutic strategies in metabolic disease, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 03/2013; 1280(1):44-7. · 4.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease regulated by infiltrating monocytes and T cells, among other cell types. Macrophage recruitment to atherosclerotic lesions is controlled by monocyte infiltration into plaques. Once in the lesion, macrophage proliferation in situ, apoptosis, and differentiation to an inflammatory (M1) or anti-inflammatory phenotype (M2) are involved in progression to advanced atherosclerotic lesions. We studied the role of phosphoinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) p110γ in the regulation of in situ apoptosis, macrophage proliferation and polarization towards M1 or M2 phenotypes in atherosclerotic lesions. We analyzed atherosclerosis development in LDLR(-/-)p110γ(+/-) and LDLR(-/-)p110γ(-/-) mice, and performed expression and functional assays in tissues and primary cells from these and from p110γ(+/-) and p110γ(-/-) mice. Lack of p110γ in LDLR(-/-) mice reduces the atherosclerosis burden. Atherosclerotic lesions in fat-fed LDLR(-/-)p110γ(-/-) mice were smaller than in LDLR(-/-)p110γ(+/-) controls, which coincided with decreased macrophage proliferation in LDLR(-/-)p110γ(-/-) mouse lesions. This proliferation defect was also observed in p110γ(-/-) bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) stimulated with macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), and was associated with higher intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels. In contrast, T cell proliferation was unaffected in LDLR(-/-)p110γ(-/-) mice. Moreover, p110γ deficiency did not affect macrophage polarization towards the M1 or M2 phenotypes or apoptosis in atherosclerotic plaques, or polarization in cultured BMM. Our results suggest that higher cAMP levels and the ensuing inhibition of macrophage proliferation contribute to atheroprotection in LDLR(-/-) mice lacking p110γ. Nonetheless, p110γ deletion does not appear to be involved in apoptosis, in macrophage polarization or in T cell proliferation.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e72674. · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: During atherosclerosis, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-derived cholesterol accumulates in macrophages to form foam cells. Macrophage uptake of LDL promotes foam cell formation but the mechanism mediating this process is not clear. The present study investigates the mechanism of LDL uptake for macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF)-differentiated murine bone marrow-derived macrophages. LDL receptor-null (LDLR-/-) macrophages incubated with LDL showed non-saturable accumulation of cholesterol that did not down-regulate for the 24 h examined. Incubation of LDLR-/- macrophages with increasing concentrations of (125)I-LDL showed non-saturable macrophage LDL uptake. A 20-fold excess of unlabeled LDL had no effect on (125)I-LDL uptake by wild-type macrophages and genetic deletion of the macrophage scavenger receptors CD36 and SRA did not affect (125)I-LDL uptake, showing that LDL uptake occurred by fluid-phase pinocytosis independently of receptors. Cholesterol accumulation was inhibited approximately 50% in wild-type and LDLR-/- mice treated with LY294002 or wortmannin, inhibitors of all classes of phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K). Time-lapse, phase-contrast microscopy showed that macropinocytosis, an important fluid-phase uptake pathway in macrophages, was blocked almost completely by PI3K inhibition with wortmannin. Pharmacological inhibition of the class I PI3K isoforms alpha, beta, gamma or delta did not affect macrophage LDL-derived cholesterol accumulation or macropinocytosis. Furthermore, macrophages from mice expressing kinase-dead class I PI3K beta, gamma or delta isoforms showed no decrease in cholesterol accumulation or macropinocytosis when compared with wild-type macrophages. Thus, non-class I PI3K isoforms mediated macropinocytosis in these macrophages. Further characterization of the components necessary for LDL uptake, cholesterol accumulation, and macropinocytosis identified dynamin, microtubules, actin, and vacuolar type H(+)-ATPase as contributing to uptake. However, Pak1, Rac1, and Src-family kinases, which mediate fluid-phase pinocytosis in certain other cell types, were unnecessary. In conclusion, our findings provide evidence that targeting those components mediating macrophage macropinocytosis with inhibitors may be an effective strategy to limit macrophage accumulation of LDL-derived cholesterol in arteries.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(3):e58054. · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • Matthias P Wymann, Carsten Schultz
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since its discovery in the late 1980s, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and its isoforms have arguably reached the forefront of signal transduction research. Regulation of this lipid kinase, its functions, its effectors, in short its entire signaling network, has been extensively studied. PI3K inhibitors are frequently used in biochemistry and cell biology. In addition, many pharmaceutical companies have launched drug-discovery programs to identify modulators of PI3Ks. Despite these efforts and a fairly good knowledge of the PI3K signaling network, we still have only a rudimentary picture of the signaling dynamics of PI3K and its lipid products in space and time. It is therefore essential to create and use novel biological and chemical tools to manipulate the phosphoinositide signaling network with spatial and temporal resolution. In this review, we discuss the current and potential future tools that are available and necessary to unravel the various functions of PI3K and its isoforms.
    ChemBioChem 09/2012; 13(14):2022-35. · 3.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The signalling molecule PI3Kγ has been reported to play a key role in the immune system and the inflammatory response. In particular, it facilitates the migration of haemato-poietic cells to the site of inflammation. In this study, we reveal a novel role for PI3Kγ in the regulation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-17. Loss of PI3Kγ or expression of a catalytically inactive mutant of PI3Kγ in mice led to increased IL-17 production both in vitro and in vivo in response to various stimuli. The kinetic profile was unaltered from WT cells, with no effect on proliferation or other cytokines. Elevated levels of IL-17 were not due to an aberrant expansion of IL-17-producing cells. Furthermore, we also identified an increase in IL-17RA expression on PI3Kγ(-/-) CD4(+) T cells, yet these cells exhibited impaired PI3K-dependent signalling in response to IL-17A, and subsequent NF-κB phosphorylation. In vivo, instillation of recombinant IL-17 into the airways of mice lacking PI3Kγ signalling also resulted in reduced phosphorylation of Akt. Cell influx in response to IL-17 was also reduced in PI3Kγ(-/-) lungs. These data demonstrate PI3Kγ-dependent signalling downstream of IL-17RA, which plays a pivotal role in regulating IL-17 production in T cells.
    European Journal of Immunology 08/2012; · 4.97 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Initial observations suggested that C-C motif chemokines exclusively mediate chemotaxis of mononuclear cells. In addition, recent studies also implicated these chemotactic cytokines in the recruitment of neutrophils. The underlying mechanisms remained largely unknown. Using in vivo microscopy on the mouse cremaster muscle, intravascular adherence and subsequent paracellular transmigration of neutrophils elicited by the chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 3 (CCL3, synonym MIP-1α) were significantly diminished in mice with a deficiency of the chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 1 (Ccr1(-/-)) or 5 (Ccr5(-/-)). Using cell-transfer techniques, neutrophil responses required leukocyte CCR1 and nonleukocyte CCR5. Furthermore, neutrophil extravasation elicited by CCL3 was almost completely abolished on inhibition of G protein-receptor coupling and PI3Kγ-dependent signaling, while neutrophil recruitment induced by the canonical neutrophil attractants chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1, synonym KC) or the lipid mediator platetelet-activating factor (PAF) was only partially reduced. Moreover, Ab blockade of β(2) integrins, of α(4) integrins, or of their putative counter receptors ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 significantly attenuated CCL3-, CXCL1-, or PAF-elicited intravascular adherence and paracellular transmigration of neutrophils. These data indicate that the C-C motif chemokine CCL3 and canonical neutrophil attractants exhibit both common and distinct mechanisms for the regulation of intravascular adherence and transmigration of neutrophils.
    Blood 06/2012; 120(4):880-90. · 9.78 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In allergic diseases, like in rhinitis, antigen challenge induces rapid degranulation of tissue resident mast cells and subsequent recruitment of leukocytes in response to soluble immunmodulators. The fate of mast cell-derived, membrane associated factors in inflamed tissue remained however unresolved. Components of the mast cell granular membrane, including the unique marker CD63var, were examined by FACS and by confocal laser scanning microscopy in cell culture and in diseased human tissue. We discovered that selected mast cell membrane components appeared on the surface of distinct bystander cells. Acceptor cells did not acquire these molecules simply by uptake of soluble material or in the form of exosomes. Instead, physically stable cell-to-cell contact was required for transfer, in which a Notch2-Jagged1 interaction played a decisive role. This process is activation-dependent, unidirectional, and involves a unique membrane topology. Endothelial cells were particularly efficient acceptors. In organotypic 3D in vitro cultures we found that transferred mast cell molecules traversed an endothelial monolayer, and reappeared focally compacted on its distal surface, away from the actual contact zone. Moreover, we observed that such mast cell-derived membrane patches decorate microcapillaries in the nasal mucosa of allergic rhinitis patients. Direct membrane transfer from perivasal mast cells into nearby blood vessels constitutes a novel mechanism to modulate endothelial surface features with apparent significance in allergic diseases.
    Allergy 02/2012; 67(4):510-20. · 5.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Accumulation of cholesterol by macrophage uptake of LDL is a key event in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. Previous research has shown that granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is present in atherosclerotic plaques and promotes aortic lipid accumulation. However, it has not been determined whether murine GM-CSF-differentiated macrophages take up LDL to become foam cells. GM-CSF-differentiated macrophages from LDL receptor-null mice were incubated with LDL, resulting in massive macrophage cholesterol accumulation. Incubation of LDL receptor-null or wild-type macrophages with increasing concentrations of ¹²⁵I-LDL showed nonsaturable macrophage LDL uptake that was linearly related to the amount of LDL added, indicating that LDL uptake was mediated by fluid-phase pinocytosis. Previous studies suggest that phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) mediate macrophage fluid-phase pinocytosis, although the isoform mediating this process has not been determined. Because PI3Kγ is known to promote aortic lipid accumulation, we investigated its role in mediating macrophage fluid-phase pinocytosis of LDL. Wild-type macrophages incubated with LDL and the PI3Kγ inhibitor AS605240 or PI3Kγ-null macrophages incubated with LDL showed an ∼50% reduction in LDL uptake and cholesterol accumulation compared with wild-type macrophages incubated with LDL only. These results show that GM-CSF-differentiated murine macrophages become foam cells by fluid-phase pinocytosis of LDL and identify PI3Kγ as contributing to this process.
    The Journal of Lipid Research 11/2011; 53(1):34-42. · 4.39 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Obesity is associated with a chronic low-grade inflammation, and specific antiinflammatory interventions may be beneficial for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and other obesity-related diseases. The lipid kinase PI3Kγ is a central proinflammatory signal transducer that plays a major role in leukocyte chemotaxis, mast cell degranulation, and endothelial cell activation. It was also reported that PI3Kγ activity within hematopoietic cells plays an important role in obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance. Here, we show that protection from insulin resistance, metabolic inflammation, and fatty liver in mice lacking functional PI3Kγ is largely consequent to their leaner phenotype. We also show that this phenotype is largely based on decreased fat gain, despite normal caloric intake, consequent to increased energy expenditure. Furthermore, our data show that PI3Kγ action on diet-induced obesity depends on PI3Kγ activity within a nonhematopoietic compartment, where it promotes energetic efficiency for fat mass gain. We also show that metabolic modulation by PI3Kγ depends on its lipid kinase activity and might involve kinase-independent signaling. Thus, PI3Kγ is an unexpected but promising drug target for the treatment of obesity and its complications.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 09/2011; 108(42):E854-63. · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adrenergic stimulation of the heart engages cAMP and phosphoinositide second messenger signaling cascades. Cardiac phosphoinositide 3-kinase p110γ participates in these processes by sustaining β-adrenergic receptor internalization through its catalytic function and by controlling phosphodiesterase 3B (PDE3B) activity via an unknown kinase-independent mechanism. We have discovered that p110γ anchors protein kinase A (PKA) through a site in its N-terminal region. Anchored PKA activates PDE3B to enhance cAMP degradation and phosphorylates p110γ to inhibit PIP(3) production. This provides local feedback control of PIP(3) and cAMP signaling events. In congestive heart failure, p110γ is upregulated and escapes PKA-mediated inhibition, contributing to a reduction in β-adrenergic receptor density. Pharmacological inhibition of p110γ normalizes β-adrenergic receptor density and improves contractility in failing hearts.
    Molecular cell 04/2011; 42(1):84-95. · 14.61 Impact Factor
  • Matthias P Wymann, Markus R Wenk
    Nature Methods 03/2011; 8(3):219-20. · 23.57 Impact Factor
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2011; 12(1):30-30.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Clinical trials revealed beneficial effects of the broad-spectrum serine protease inhibitor aprotinin on the prevention of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The underlying mechanisms remained largely unclear. Using in vivo microscopy on the cremaster muscle of male C57BL/6 mice, aprotinin as well as inhibitors of the serine protease plasmin including tranexamic acid and ε-aminocaproic acid were found to significantly diminish I/R-elicited intravascular firm adherence and (subsequent) transmigration of neutrophils. Remodeling of collagen IV within the postischemic perivenular basement membrane was almost completely abrogated in animals treated with plasmin inhibitors or aprotinin. In separate experiments, incubation with plasmin did not directly activate neutrophils. Extravascular, but not intravascular administration of plasmin caused a dose-dependent increase in numbers of firmly adherent and transmigrated neutrophils. Blockade of mast cell activation as well as inhibition of leukotriene synthesis or antagonism of the platelet-activating-factor receptor significantly reduced plasmin-dependent neutrophil responses. In conclusion, our data suggest that extravasated plasmin(ogen) mediates neutrophil recruitment in vivo via activation of perivascular mast cells and secondary generation of lipid mediators. Aprotinin as well as the plasmin inhibitors tranexamic acid and ε-aminocaproic acid interfere with this inflammatory cascade and effectively prevent postischemic neutrophil responses as well as remodeling events within the vessel wall.
    PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(2):e17229. · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) are key molecular players in male fertility. However, the specific roles of different p110 PI3K catalytic subunits within the spermatogenic lineage have not been characterized so far. Herein, we report that male mice expressing a catalytically inactive p110beta develop testicular hypotrophy and impaired spermatogenesis, leading to a phenotype of oligo-azoospermia and defective fertility. The examination of testes from p110beta-defective tubules demonstrates a widespread loss in spermatogenic cells, due to defective proliferation and survival of pre- and postmeiotic cells. In particular, p110beta is crucially needed in c-Kit-mediated spermatogonial expansion, as c-Kit-positive cells are lost in the adult testis and activation of Akt by SCF is blocked by a p110beta inhibitor. These data establish that activation of the p110beta PI3K isoform by c-Kit is required during spermatogenesis, thus opening the way to new treatments for c-Kit positive testicular cancers.
    Molecular biology of the cell 03/2010; 21(5):704-11. · 5.98 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
646.00 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2014
    • Universität Basel
      • • Department of Biomedicine
      • • Institut für Biochemie und Genetik
      Bâle, Basel-City, Switzerland
  • 2004–2011
    • Università degli Studi di Torino
      • • Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e Biologiche
      • • Molecular Biotechnology Center
      Torino, Piedmont, Italy
  • 2001–2006
    • Université de Fribourg
      • Département de médecine
      Freiburg, Fribourg, Switzerland
  • 2002–2005
    • University of Zurich
      • Psychologisches Institut
      Zürich, ZH, Switzerland