Ulrike I Attenberger

Universität Mannheim, Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (87)221.69 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility of zoomed diffusion-weighted EPI (z-EPI) in the head and neck in a healthy volunteer population and to compare to conventional single-shot EPI (c-EPI).
    European radiology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the impact of computed b = 1400 s/mm(2) (C-b1400) vs measured b = 1400 s/mm(2) (M-b1400) diffusion-weighted images (DWI) on lesion detection rate, image quality and quality of lesion demarcation using a modern 3T-MR system based on a small-field-of-view sequence (sFOV).
    World journal of radiology. 06/2014; 6(6):374-80.
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    ABSTRACT: After allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT), a reliable diagnosis of acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD) is essential for an early and successful treatment. It is the aim of this analysis to assess intestinal aGvHD by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
    European radiology. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Stereotactic Ablative RadioTherapy (SABR) of lung tumors/metastases has been shown to be an effective treatment modality with low toxicity. Outcome and toxicity were retrospectively evaluated in a unique single-institution cohort treated with intensity-modulated image-guided breath-hold SABR (igSABR) without external immobilization. The dose-response relationship is analyzed based on Biologically Equivalent Dose (BED).Patients and methods: 50 lesions in 43 patients with primary NSCLC (n = 27) or lung-metastases of various primaries (n = 16) were consecutively treated with igSABR with Active-Breathing-Coordinator (ABC(R)) and repeat-breath-hold cone-beam-CT. After an initial dose-finding/-escalation period, 5x12Gy for peripheral lesions and single doses of 5Gy to varying dose levels for central lesions were applied. Overall-survival (OS), progression-free-survival (PFS), progression pattern, local control (LC) and toxicity were analyzed. The median BED2 was 83Gy. 12 lesions were treated with a BED2 of <80Gy, and 38 lesions with a BED2 of >80Gy. Median follow-up was 15 months. Actuarial 1- and 2-year OS were 67% and 43%; respectively. Cause of death was non-disease-related in 27%. Actuarial 1- and 2-year PFS was 42% and 28%. Progression site was predominantly distant. Actuarial 1- and 2year LC was 90% and 85%. LC showed a trend for a correlation to BED2 (p = 0.1167). Pneumonitis requiring conservative treatment occurred in 23%. Intensity-modulated breath-hold igSABR results in high LC-rates and low toxicity in this unfavorable patient cohort with inoperable lung tumors or metastases. A BED2 of <80Gy was associated with reduced local control.
    Radiation Oncology 01/2014; 9(1):10. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Implementation of DWI in the abdomen is challenging due to artifacts, particularly those arising from differences in tissue susceptibility. Two-dimensional, spatially-selective radiofrequency (RF) excitation pulses for single-shot echo-planar imaging (EPI) combined with a reduction in the FOV in the phase-encoding direction (i.e. zooming) leads to a decreased number of k-space acquisition lines, significantly shortening the EPI echo train and potentially susceptibility artifacts. To assess the feasibility and image quality of a zoomed diffusion-weighted EPI (z-EPI) sequence in MR imaging of the pancreas. The approach is compared to conventional single-shot EPI (c-EPI). 23 patients who had undergone an MRI study of the abdomen were included in this retrospective study. Examinations were performed on a 3T whole-body MR system (Magnetom Skyra, Siemens) equipped with a two-channel fully dynamic parallel transmit array (TimTX TrueShape, Siemens). The acquired sequences consisted of a conventional EPI DWI of the abdomen and a zoomed EPI DWI of the pancreas. For z-EPI, the standard sinc excitation was replaced with a two-dimensional spatially-selective RF pulse using an echo-planar transmit trajectory. Images were evaluated with regard to image blur, respiratory motion artifacts, diagnostic confidence, delineation of the pancreas, and overall scan preference. Additionally ADC values of the pancreatic head, body, and tail were calculated and compared between sequences. The pancreas was better delineated in every case (23/23) with z-EPI versus c-EPI. In every case (23/23), both readers preferred z-EPI overall to c-EPI. With z-EPI there was statistically significantly less image blur (p<0.0001) and respiratory motion artifact compared to c-EPI (p<0.0001). Diagnostic confidence was statistically significantly better with z-EPI (p<0.0001). No statistically significant differences in calculated ADC values were observed between the two sequences. Zoomed diffusion-weighted EPI leads to substantial image quality improvements with reduction of susceptibility artifacts in pancreatic DWI.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(3):e89468. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The purpose of this study is two-fold. First, to evaluate, whether functional rectal MRI techniques can be analyzed in a reproducible manner by different readers and second, to assess whether different clinical and pathologic T and N stages can be differentiated by functional MRI measurements. Material and Methods 54 patients (38 men, 16 female; mean age 63.2 ± 12.2 years) with pathologically proven rectal cancer were included in this retrospective IRB-approved study. All patients were referred for a multi-parametric MRI protocol on a 3 Tesla MR-system, consisting of a high-resolution, axial T2 TSE sequence, DWI and perfusion imaging (plasma flow - PFTumor) prior to any treatment. Two experienced radiologists evaluated the MRI measurements, blinded to clinical data and outcome. Inter-reader correlation and the association of functional MRI parameters with c- and p-staging were analyzed. Results The inter-reader correlation for lymph node (ρ 0.76-0.94; p < 0.0002) and primary tumor (ρ 0.78- 0.92; p < 0.0001) apparent diffusion coefficient and plasma flow (PF) values was good to very good. PFTumor values decreased with cT stage with significant differences identified between cT2 and cT3 tumors (229 versus 107.6 ml/100 ml/min; p = 0.05). ADCTumor values did not differ significantly. No substantial discrepancies in lymph node ADCLn values or short axis diameter were found among cN1-3 stages, whereas PFLn values were distinct between cN1 versus cN2 stages (p = 0.03). In the patients without neoadjuvant RCT no statistically significant differences in the assessed functional parameters on the basis of pathologic stage were found. Conclusion This study illustrates that ADC as well as MR perfusion values can be analyzed with good interobserver agreement in patients with rectal cancer. Moreover, MR perfusion parameters may allow accurate differentiation of tumor stages. Both findings suggest that functional MRI parameters may help to discriminate T and N stages for clinical decision making.
    European journal of radiology 01/2014; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare enhancement characteristics and image quality of two macrocyclic gadolinium chelates, gadoterate meglumine and gadobutrol, in low-dose, time-resolved MRA of the calf station.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e99079. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the added diagnostic accuracy of time-resolved MR angiography (MRA) of the calves compared with continuous-table-movement MRA in patients with symptomatic lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Eighty-four consecutive patients with symptomatic PAD underwent a low-dose 3-T MRA protocol, consisting of continuous-table-movement MRA, acquired from the diaphragm to the calves, and an additional time-resolved MRA of the calves; 0.1 mmol/kg body weight (bw) of contrast material was used (0.07 mmol/kg bw for continuous-table-movement MRA and 0.03 mmol/kg bw for time-resolved MRA). Two radiologists rated image quality on a 4-point scale and stenosis degree on a 3-point scale. An additional assessment determined the degree of venous contamination and whether time-resolved MRA improved diagnostic confidence. The accuracy of stenosis gradation with continuous-table-movement and time-resolved MRA was compared with that of DSA as a correlation. Overall diagnostic accuracy was calculated for continuous-table-movement and time-resolved MRA. RESULTS. Median image quality was rated as good for 578 vessel segments with continuous-table-movement MRA and as excellent for 565 vessel segments with time-resolved MRA. Interreader agreement was excellent (κ = 0.80-0.84). Venous contamination interfered with diagnosis in more than 60% of continuous-table-movement MRA examinations. The degree of stenosis was assessed for 340 vessel segments. The diagnostic accuracies (continuous-table-movement MRA/time-resolved MRA) combined for the readers were obtained for the tibioperoneal trunk (84%/93%), anterior tibial (69%/87%), posterior tibial (85%/91%), and peroneal (67%/81%) arteries. The addition of time-resolved MRA improved diagnostic confidence in 69% of examinations. CONCLUSION. The addition of time-resolved MRA at the calf station improves diagnostic accuracy over continuous-table-movement MRA alone in symptomatic patients with PAD.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 12/2013; 201(6):1368-1375. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of microwave ablation for osteoid osteomas by using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in early treatment assessment. Ten patients (two female, eight male; mean age, 28 y; range, 16-47 y) presenting with osteoid osteomas were treated between June 2010 and December 2012 with the use of computed tomography (CT)-guided microwave ablation. Osteoid osteomas were found at the femoral neck (n = 4), tibia (n = 3), calcaneus (n = 1), navicular bone (n = 1), and dorsal rib (n = 1). Dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging at 3.0 T was performed 1 day before microwave ablation and again after ablation. The procedure was considered successful if the signal intensity (SI) of the lesion on MR imaging decreased by at least 50% and the patient was pain-free within 1 week of intervention. All patients were pain-free within 1 week after microwave ablation and remained so during the 6 months of follow-up. No major or minor complications developed. On average, SI of the lesions decreased by 75% (range, 55.5%-89.1%) after treatment. The difference in lesion SI before versus after ablation was significant by t test (P < .0001; confidence interval, 120.26-174.96) and Wilcoxon test (P = .0020). Microwave ablation treatment of osteoid osteoma was highly successful, without any complications observed. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging is a useful tool for diagnosing osteoid osteoma and evaluating treatment.
    Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR 11/2013; · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The unparalleled soft tissue contrast of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the functional information obtainable with 18-F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) render MR-PET well-suited for oncological and psychiatric imaging. The lack of ionizing radiation with MRI also makes MR-PET a promising modality for oncology patients requiring frequent follow-up and pediatric patients. Lessons learned with PET computed tomography (CT) over the last few years do not directly translate to MR-PET. For example, in PET-CT the Hounsfield units derived from CT are used for attenuation correction (AC). As 511 keV photons emitted in PET examinations are attenuated by the patient's body CT data are converted directly to linear attenuation coefficients (LAC); however, proton density measured by MRI is not directly related to the radiodensity or LACs of biological tissue. Thus, direct conversion to LAC data is not possible making AC more challenging in simultaneous MRI-PET scanning. In addition to these constraints simultaneous MRI-PET acquisitions also improve on some solutions to well-known challenges of hybrid imaging techniques, such as limitations in motion correction. This article reports on initial clinical experiences with simultaneously acquired MRI-PET data, focusing on the potential benefits and limitations of MRI with respect to motion correction as well as metal and attenuation correction artefacts.
    Der Radiologe 11/2013; · 0.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a nonenhanced electrocardiograph-gated quiescent-interval single shot MR-angiography (QISS-MRA) at 3 Tesla with contrast-enhanced MRA (CE-MRA) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) serving as reference standard. Following institutional review board approval, 16 consecutive patients with peripheral arterial disease underwent a combined peripheral MRA protocol consisting of a large field-of-view QISS-MRA, continuous table movement MRA, and an additional time-resolved MRA of the calves. DSA correlation was available in eight patients. Image quality and degree of stenosis was assessed. Sensitivity and specificity of QISS-MRA was evaluated with CE-MRA and DSA serving as the standards of reference and compared using the Fisher exact test. With the exception of the calf station, image quality with QISS-MRA was rated statistically significantly less than that of CE-MRA (P < 0.05, P = 0.17, and P = 0.6, respectively). A greater percentage of segments were not accessible with QISS-MRA (19.5-20.1%) in comparison to CE-MRA (10.9%). Relative to DSA, sensitivity for QISS-MRA was high (100% versus 91.2% for CE-MRA, P = 0.24) in the evaluated segments; however, specificity (76.5%) was substantially less than that of CE-MRA (94.6%, P = 0.003). Overall image quality and specificity of QISS-MRA at 3T are diminished relative to CE-MRA. However, when image quality is adequate, QISS-MRA has high sensitivity and, thus, has potential use in patients with contraindications to gadolinium. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 10/2013; · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Image quality (IQ) of PET in voluminous body regions can be limited, which impairs the assessment of small metastatic lesions. Time-of-flight (TOF) reconstruction algorithm may deliver an increase of spatial resolution. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of TOF on IQ, lesion detection rate, lesion volume (V) and SUVmax in F choline PET/CT of prostate cancer patients with biochemical recurrence compared to standard PET/CT reconstruction (standard). During a period of 9 months, 32 patients with prostate cancer (mean [SD] age, 71 [7.8] years) and biochemical recurrence were included in this prospective institutional review board-approved study. Each patient underwent a state-of-the-art 3-dimensional F choline PET/CT. A total of 76 lesions were assessed by 2 board-certified nuclear medicine physicians and a third-year resident. Lesion volume and SUVmax of local recurrence, lymph nodes, and organ metastases were compared between TOF and standard. Image quality and lesion demarcation were rated according to a 5-point Likert-type scale. Interobserver agreement was assessed. Eight additional lesions were detected using TOF (SUVmax, 3.64 [0.95]; V, 0.58 cm [0.50]). Image quality was reduced (IQ standard, 1.28; TOF, 1.77; P < 0.01) in calculated TOF images, although quality of lesion demarcation was improved (lesion demarcation: standard, 1.66; TOF, 1.26; P < 0.01). SUVmax was significantly increased in TOF images (SUVmax standard, 6.9 [4.1]; TOF, 8.1 [4.1]; P < 0.01), whereas V did not show significant differences (V standard, 5.3 [10.4] cm; TOF, 5.4 [10.3] cm; P = 0.41). Interobserver agreement was good for combined ratings (1 + 2 and 3 + 4). Application of TOF seems to be of additional value to detect small metastatic lesions in patients with prostate cancer and biochemical recurrence, which may have further clinical implications for secondary treatment.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 10/2013; · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 3Tesla proton MRI for the assessment of pneumonia/lung infiltrates in neutropenic patients with acute myeloid leukemia. In a prospective study, 3Tesla MRI was performed in 19 febrile neutropenic patients (5 women, 14 men; mean age 61 years±14.2; range 23-77 years). All patients underwent high-resolution CT less than 24h prior to MRI. The MRI protocol (Magnetom Tim Trio, Siemens) included a T2-weighted HASTE sequence (TE/TR: 49ms/∞, slice thickness 6mm) and a high-resolution 3D VIBE sequence with an ultra-short TE<1ms (TE/TR 0.8/2.9ms, slice thickness 2mm). The VIBE sequence was examined before and after intravenous injection of 0.1mmol/kg gadoterate meglumine (Dotarem, Guerbet). The presence of pulmonary abnormalities, their location within the lung, and lesion type (nodules, consolidations, glass opacity areas) were analyzed by one reader and compared to the findings of HRCT, which was evaluated by a second independent radiologist who served as the reference standard. The findings were compared per lobe in each patient and rated as true positive (TP) findings if all three characteristics (presence, location, and lesion type) listed above were concordant to HRCT. Pulmonary abnormalities were characterized by 3Tesla MRI with a sensitivity of 82.3% and a specificity of 78.6%, resulting in an overall accuracy of 88% (NPV/PPV 66.7%/89.5%). In 51 lobes (19 of 19 patients), pulmonary abnormalities visualized by MR were judged to be concordant in their location and in the lesion type identified by both readers. In 22 lobes (11 of 19 patients), no abnormalities were present on either MR or HRCT (true negative). In 6 lobes (5 of 19 patients), ground glass opacity areas were detected on MRI but were not visible on HRCT (false positives). In 11 lobes (7 of 19 patients), MRI failed to detect ground glass opacity areas identified by HRCT. However, since the abnormalities were disseminated in these patients, accurate treatment decisions were possible in every case based on MRI. In one case MRI showed a central area of cavitation, which was not visualized by HRCT. Infectious nodules and consolidations can be detected in neutropenic patients with acute myeloid leukemia with a sufficient diagnostic accuracy by 3Tesla MRI. Detection of ground glass opacity areas is the main limitation of 3-Tesla MRI when compared to HRCT.
    European journal of radiology 09/2013; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the image quality and diagnostic confidence of low-dose computed tomography (CT) of urololithiasis using filtered back projection (FBP) and iterative reconstruction techniques (IRT). A 4.8 × 4.3 × 5.2 mm(3) uric acid ureteral stone was placed inside an anthropomorphic Alderson phantom at the pelvic level. Fifteen scans were performed on a 64-row dual-source CT system using different tube voltages (80, 100, and 120 kV) and current-time products (8, 15, 30, 70, and 100 mAs). Image reconstruction using FBP and IRT (iterative reconstruction in image space) resulted in 30 data sets. Objective image quality was evaluated by noise measurements. Effective doses were estimated for each data set with use of an established dosimetry program. Subjective image quality and confidence level were rated by two radiologists. Noise was systematically lower for images reconstructed with IRT compared to FBP (55 ± 30 vs 65 ± 26 Hounsfield units; P = .004) for volume CT dose index values above about 0.6 mGy (or an effective dose of about 0.4 mSv for both sexes). For the 14 scans rated to have diagnostic image quality, the estimated effective doses ranged from 0.3 to 2.5 mSv for males and from 0.4 to 3.1 mSv for females. Subjective image quality and diagnostic confidence for IRT was not significantly better than those for FBP. In a phantom study for CT of urolithiasis, IRT improves objective image quality compared to FBP above a certain dose threshold. However, this does not translate into improved subjective image quality or a higher degree of confidence for the diagnosis of high-contrast urinary stones.
    Academic radiology 09/2013; 20(9):1162-7. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To prospectively compare four contrast material injection protocols for dual-energy computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography (DE-CTPA) in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty consecutive patients were randomized to contrast material injection protocols defined by different iodine concentrations and iodine delivery rates (IDRs): (A) 80 mL iopromide 370/4 mL/sec = IDR 1.4 gI/sec; (B) 80 mL iopromide 370 at 3 mL/sec = IDR 1.1 gI/sec; (C) 98 mL iopromide 300 at 4.9 mL/sec = IDR 1.4 gI/sec; and (D) 98 mL iopromide 300 at 3.7 mL/sec = IDR 1.1 gI/sec. Attenuation values were measured in the inflow tract (subclavian vein-superior vena cava-right atrium), target tract (right ventricle-pulmonary trunk-pulmonary arteries), and outflow tract (left atrium-left ventricle-ascending aorta). Two readers assessed subjective image quality of CTPA images and iodine perfusion maps. The number of artifacts due to hyperdense contrast material on iodine perfusion maps was recorded. RESULTS: Target tract attenuation was highest for protocol A with 374 ± 98 Hounsfield units (HU) (highly concentrated contrast material/high IDR). This was significant compared to protocols B and D (P = .0118, P = .0427) but not compared to protocol C (P = .3395). No significant difference in target tract attenuation was found between protocols B (309 ± 80 HU), protocol C (352 ± 119 HU), and D (325 ± 74 HU). CTPA and iodine perfusion map image quality for protocol A was rated significantly higher compared to all other protocols (median score = 5/4; P < .0001 for both) with moderate interreader agreement (κ = 0.58/0.47). Protocols A and B displayed increased artifacts on iodine perfusion maps compared to protocols C and D (3 versus 2). CONCLUSION: Despite increased artifacts on iodine perfusion maps, highly concentrated iodinated contrast material combined with high flow rates provides improved diagnostic image quality and has the highest target-tract attenuation for DE-CTPA protocols.
    Academic radiology 06/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As the complexity of the magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) techniques grows, it becomes more difficult for the practicing radiologist to appreciate the physical principles underlying these studies. Nevertheless, such an understanding is requisite for improving clinical image quality. As radiologists are most accustomed to dealing with medical images in everyday practice, it seems natural that an image-based approach to teaching MRA physics, rather than complex mathematical equations or pulse sequence diagrams, would be preferable. This article adopts such an approach. Simple ways to improve MRA image quality are emphasized along with new technologies and their physical basis. The ultimate goal of the article is to facilitate the practicing radiologist becoming more aware of the variety of MR techniques available, being more confident in modifying sequence parameters to improve image quality and reduce contrast dose, and understanding the basis behind newer MRA techniques. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;37:1326-1341. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 06/2013; 37(6):1326-1341. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To correlate dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) pulmonary angiography derived iodine maps with parameter maps of quantitative pulmonary perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Eighteen patients with pulmonary perfusion defects detected on DECT derived iodine maps were included in this prospective study and additionally underwent time-resolved contrast-enhanced pulmonary MRI [dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE)-MRI]. DCE-MRI data were quantitatively analyzed using a pixel-by-pixel deconvolution analysis calculating regional pulmonary blood flow (PBF), pulmonary blood volume (PBV) and mean transit time (MTT) in visually normal lung parenchyma and perfusion defects. Perfusion parameters were correlated to mean attenuation values of normal lung and perfusion defects on DECT iodine maps. Two readers rated the concordance of perfusion defects in a visual analysis using a 5-point Likert-scale (1 = no correlation, 5 = excellent correlation). In visually normal pulmonary tissue mean DECT and MRI values were: 22.6 ± 8.3 Hounsfield units (HU); PBF: 58.8 ± 36.0 mL/100 mL per minute; PBV: 16.6 ± 8.5 mL; MTT: 17.1 ± 10.3 s. In areas with restricted perfusion mean DECT and MRI values were: 4.0 ± 3.9 HU; PBF: 10.3 ± 5.5 mL/100 mL per minute, PBV: 5 ± 4 mL, MTT: 21.6 ± 14.0 s. The differences between visually normal parenchyma and areas of restricted perfusion were statistically significant for PBF, PBV and DECT (P < 0.0001). No linear correlation was found between MRI perfusion parameters and attenuation values of DECT iodine maps (PBF: r = 0.35, P = 0.15; PBV: r = 0.34, P = 0.16; MTT: r = 0.41, P = 0.08). Visual analysis revealed a moderate correlation between perfusion defects on DECT iodine maps and the parameter maps of DCE-MRI (mean score 3.6, κ 0.45). There is a moderate visual but not statistically significant correlation between DECT iodine maps and perfusion parameter maps of DCE-MRI.
    World journal of radiology. 05/2013; 5(5):202-207.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare automated, motion-corrected, color-encoded (AMC) perfusion maps with qualitative visual analysis of adenosine stress cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging for detection of flow-limiting stenoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Myocardial perfusion measurements applying the standard adenosine stress imaging protocol and a saturation-recovery temporal generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisition (t-GRAPPA) turbo fast low angle shot (Turbo FLASH) magnetic resonance imaging sequence were performed in 25 patients using a 3.0-T MAGNETOM Skyra (Siemens Healthcare Sector, Erlangen, Germany). Perfusion studies were analyzed using AMC perfusion maps and qualitative visual analysis. Angiographically detected coronary artery (CA) stenoses greater than 75% or 50% or more with a myocardial perfusion reserve index less than 1.5 were considered as hemodynamically relevant. Diagnostic performance and time requirement for both methods were compared. Interobserver and intraobserver reliability were also assessed. RESULTS: A total of 29 CA stenoses were included in the analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy for detection of ischemia on a per-patient basis were comparable using the AMC perfusion maps compared to visual analysis. On a per-CA territory basis, the attribution of an ischemia to the respective vessel was facilitated using the AMC perfusion maps. Interobserver and intraobserver reliability were better for the AMC perfusion maps (concordance correlation coefficient, 0.94 and 0.93, respectively) compared to visual analysis (concordance correlation coefficient, 0.73 and 0.79, respectively). In addition, in comparison to visual analysis, the AMC perfusion maps were able to significantly reduce analysis time from 7.7 (3.1) to 3.2 (1.9) minutes (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The AMC perfusion maps yielded a diagnostic performance on a per-patient and on a per-CA territory basis comparable with the visual analysis. Furthermore, this approach demonstrated higher interobserver and intraobserver reliability as well as a better time efficiency when compared to visual analysis.
    Investigative radiology 04/2013; · 4.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and image quality of a novel, highly accelerated T1-weighted sequence for time-resolved imaging of the abdomen during the first pass of contrast media transit using controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration (CAIPIRINHA) under sampling, view-sharing techniques, and Dixon water-fat separation (CAIPRINHA-Dixon-time-resolved imaging with interleaved stochastic trajectories-volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination [CDT-VIBE]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, institutional review board-approved study, 47 patients (median age, 62 years; 25 men, 22 women) scanned on a 3.0-T magnetic resonance system (Skyra; Siemens) were included. The CDT-VIBE (repetition time/echo time1/echo time2, 4.1/1.33/2.56 milliseconds; acquisition time, 29 seconds) was used in place of the standard arterial phase acquisition and started 15 seconds after the injection of 0.1 mmol/kg Gd-DOTA (Dotarem, Guerbet). Within 29 seconds, 14 high spatial resolution (1.2 × 1.2 × 3 mm) 3-dimensional data sets were acquired and reconstructed using view sharing (temporal resolution, 2.1 seconds). The CDT-VIBE images were evaluated independently by 2 blinded, experienced radiologists with regard to image quality and the number of hepatic arterial-dominant phases present on an ordinal 5-point scale (5, excellent; 1, nondiagnostic). Added diagnostic information with CDT-VIBE relative to portal venous phase VIBE was assessed. RESULTS: In all patients, CDT-VIBE measurements were successfully acquired. The image quality was diagnostic in 46 of the 47 patients. Both readers assessed the highest image quality present in the data sets with a median score of 4 (range, 3-5 for both readers; κ, 0.789) and the worst image quality with a median score of 3 (range, 1-4 for both readers; κ, 0.689). With a range between 1 and 8 (median, 5), hepatic arterial-dominant data sets (of the 14 acquired) were obtained in each case. There was an added diagnostic value with CDT-VIBE in 10 of the 47 patients (21%). CONCLUSIONS: The CDT-VIBE is a robust approach allowing, for the first time, dynamic imaging of the upper abdomen with high temporal resolution and preservation of high spatial resolution.
    Investigative radiology 03/2013; · 4.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and technical quality of an abdominal 3-dimensional interpolated breath-hold (volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination [VIBE]) magnetic resonance examination using the new parallel acquisition technique, controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration (CAIPIRINHA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved study, 15 volunteers underwent an abdominal magnetic resonance imaging examination including axial unenhanced 3-dimensional VIBE sequences with the conventional parallel acquisition technique, generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions parallel imaging (GRAPPA), with an acceleration factor (R) of 2, 3, 4, and 2 × 2 in comparison with a CAIPIRINHA-VIBE sequence with an acceleration factor of 2 × 2. Images were evaluated regarding the overall image quality, liver edge sharpness, and parallel imaging artifacts. Signal-to-noise ratio was evaluated using 2 different methods. In a second study population, 17 patients were examined with our new routine protocol for abdominal imaging that now comprises VIBE sequences with CAIPIRINHA with R = 2 × 2. RESULTS: In the volunteer population, the overall image quality of CAIPIRINHA with R = 2 × 2 was significantly higher compared with GRAPPA with R = 3, 4, and 2 × 2 (P < 0.05). There were significantly less parallel imaging artifacts with CAIPIRINHA with R = 2 × 2 (P < 0.05). Acquisition time varied between 21.1 (GRAPPA with R = 2, 320 matrix) and 6.9 seconds (CAIPIRINHA with R = 2 × 2, 256 matrix). Signal-to-noise ratio performance of CAIPIRINHA with R = 2 × 2 was superior to GRAPPA with R = 3, 4, and 2 × 2. In the patient population, VIBE sequences with CAIPIRINHA with R = 2 × 2 showed consistently good image quality, minimal motion artifacts, and minimal parallel imaging artifacts. CONCLUSIONS: The CAIPRINHA-VIBE with an acceleration factor of R = 2 × 2 is feasible in a clinical setting and is characterized by fast and robust imaging with an image quality comparable with a 2-fold acceleration with GRAPPA.
    Investigative radiology 03/2013; · 4.85 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

590 Citations
221.69 Total Impact Points


  • 2007–2014
    • Universität Mannheim
      Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2013
    • Universitätsmedizin Mannheim
      Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • Heidelberg University
      Tiffin, Ohio, United States
  • 2009–2013
    • Universität Heidelberg
      • • Faculty of Medicine Mannheim and Clinic Mannheim
      • • Institute of Clinical Radiology
      Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
    • Scott & White
      Temple, Texas, United States
  • 2012
    • Texas A&M University System Health Science Center
      Bryan, Texas, United States
  • 2010–2011
    • Universitätsklinikum Freiburg
      Freiburg an der Elbe, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2004–2010
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • Department of Clinical Radiology
      München, Bavaria, Germany