[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Scutellarein-7-O-beta-D-glucuronide (SG) and apigenin-7-O-beta-D-glucuronide (AG) are two major bioactive constituents with known pharmacological effects in Erigeron multiradiatus. In this study, a simple method for preparative separation of the two flavone glucuronides was established with macroporous resins. The performance and adsorption characteristics of eight macroporous resins including AB-8, HPD100, HPD450, HPD600, D100, D101, D141, and D160 have been evaluated. The results confirmed that D141 resin offered the best adsorption and desorption capacities and the highest desorption ratio for the two glucuronides among the tested resins. Sorption isotherms were constructed for D141 resin under optimal ethanol conditions and fitted well to the Freundlich and Langmuir models (R(2) > 0.95). Dynamic adsorption and desorption tests was performed on column packed with D141 resin. After one-run treatment with D141 resin, the two-constituent content in the final product was increased from 2.14% and 1.34% in the crude extract of Erigeron multiradiatus to 24.63% and 18.42% in the final products with the recoveries of 82.5% and 85.4%, respectively. The preparative separation of SG and AG can be easily and effectively achieved via adsorption and desorption on D141 resin, and the method developed can be referenced for large-scale separation and purification of flavone glucuronides from herbal raw materials.
BioMed Research International 01/2009; 2009:875629. · 2.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Erigeron multiradiatus (Lindl.) Benth is a traditional Tibetan medicine herb long used to treat various diseases related to inflammation. Our previous phytochemical studies on E. multiradiatus resulted in the isolation of scutellarin, which is a known flavone glucuronide with comprehensive pharmacological actions. In present study, we investigated the inhibition action of scutellarin on high glucose-induced vascular inflammation in human endothelial cells (ECV304 cells). Consistent with previous reports, exposure of ECV304 cells to high glucose for 24 h caused an increase of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and promoted cell adhesion between monocyte and ECV304 cells. However, pretreatment with scutellarin (0.1 and 1 microM) reversed these effects in a concentration-dependent manner. Scutellarin was able to inhibit the activation of NF-kappaB induced by high glucose in ECV304 cells. Furthermore, although oral administration of scutellarin (10 and 50 mg/kg) did not produce significant antihyperglycemic action, it lowered the serum MCP-1 levels significantly in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. Therefore, our results suggest that scutellarin has anti-inflammation effect that may afford some protection against hyperglycemia-induced vascular inflammatory both in vitro and in vivo.
Yakugaku zasshi journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan 10/2008; 128(9):1293-9. · 0.46 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Erigeron multiradiatus (Lindl.) Benth., an herb that grows in the alpine and subalpine meadow of Qinghai-Tibet plateau, has been widely used as a folk remedy by the native people for treatment of various inflammatory ailments.
In order to isolate and identify the active components of Erigeron multiradiatus for anti-inflammatory activity, a preliminary phytochemical study and a bioassay-guided fractionation and purification process was performed.
The dry whole plant Erigeron multiradiatus was extracted with 50% ethanol and then separated into CHCl(3), n-BuOH, and aqueous fractions. The anti-inflammatory activities of each fraction were investigated using two in vivo inflammation models.
These results exhibited varying degrees of anti-inflammatory activities and the n-BuOH fraction showed the strongest anti-inflammatory activities. The n-BuOH fraction was then subjected to separation and purification using macroporous resins column chromatography and Sephadex LH-20 leading to two flavonoids glucuronides identified as scutellarein-7-O-beta-glucuronide and apigenin-7-O-beta-glucuronide. Furthermore, LC-MS/MS identification and quantification of isolated compounds were also performed.
Scutellarein-7-O-beta-glucuronide and apigenin-7-O-beta-glucuronide were considered as major components and principally responsible for the anti-inflammatory activity of Erigeron multiradiatus. Thus the results of our study provide a scientific basis for the utilization of Erigeron multiradiatus in traditional Tibetan medicine.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 08/2008; 119(2):232-7. · 2.76 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Salvianolic acid B (Sal B) is one of the major water-soluble compounds isolated from Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae (Danshen in Chinese) that has been reported to be beneficial to treatment of diabetic complications. However, the mechanisms involved in these effects are not discussed in relation to mesangial proliferation via modulation of NF-kappaB. To explain this, human mesangial cells were pretreated with or without Sal B (0.1, 1, 10 microM) for 24 h and stimulated with high glucose (30 mM). Then the effects of Sal B on mesangial cells proliferation, extracellular matrix production and the possible mechanisms were evaluated by methylthiazoletetrazolium assay, flow cytometry assay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, gelatin zymography assay and western blot assay. These results indicated that Sal B could inhibit high glucose-induced mesangial cells proliferation and extracellular matrix production in a dose-dependent manner, partially through modulating the cell-cycle progress and MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities via suppressing NF-kappaB activation, suggesting that Sal B may be a promising agent for treating diabetic nephropathy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An HPLC-DAD-MS method was developed for simultaneous determination of the five major active constituents in Erigeron multiradiatus (Wall.) Benth, namely 6'-O-cafferylerigeroside (1), scutellarin (2), apigenin-7-O-beta-d-glucuronide (3), apigenin (4) and kaempferol (5), respectively. They were identified by ESI-MS and comparisons with literature. A comprehensive validation of the method included tests of sensitivity, linearity, precision and accuracy. The linear regressions were acquired with r>0.999. The precision was evaluated by intra- and inter-day assays, and relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) values were reported within 2.7%. The recovery studies for the quantified compounds were observed in the range of 95.3-102.4% with R.S.D. values less than 2.3%. The overall procedure may be suitable for the qualitative and quantitative analyses of a large number of E. multiradiatus samples. Hierarchical clustering analysis based on the characteristics of the 5 investigated compound peaks in HPLC profiles showed that 18 samples were divided into 2 main clusters. The clusters corresponded to their content. The five constituents in E. multiradiatus are generally regarded as an index for the quality assessment of this herb.
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 06/2008; 48(3):980-5. · 2.95 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Erigeron breviscapus (Vant.) Hand-mazz (EB), Erigeron multiradiatus (Lindl.) Benth (EM), and Aster brachytrichus Franch (AB), confused under the vernacular name "meiduoluomi" by native people and traditional healers, have been used for the treatment of meningitis, polyneuritis, hepatitis, adenolymphitis, and enteronitis in traditional Tibetan medicine. In this study, the antiinflammatory activity of methanol extracts of all three plants was investigated in the xylene-induced ear edema model, carrageenan-induced paw edema model, and cotton pellet-induced granuloma model. It was found that the methanolic extracts of both EB and EM had strong inhibitory effects on the acute phase of inflammation in carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats. On the other hand, the methanolic extract of EM showed stronger effects than those of EB in xylene-induced ear edema. In the chronic test, the methanolic extracts of EB and EM resulted in a significant reduction in granuloma weight in rats. In addition, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity was strongly reduced in the EB-treated and EM-treated groups, which indicated that EB and EM can inhibit certain inflammatory modulator factors that cause neutrophil aggregation in inflamed tissue, e.g., nuclear factor-kappaB. However, the methanolic extracts of AB had no antiinflammatory effects in the tested models and MPO assay. The similar effects of EM and EB in tested models provided some scientific basis for the traditional usage of meiduoluomi in inflammatory disease. However, the results also suggest that further study is needed to investigate the antiinflammatory profile of AB and provide a scientific basis for the use of AB in inflammatory diseases.
Yakugaku zasshi journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan 06/2008; 128(5):805-10. · 0.46 Impact Factor