[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Human nonplague yersiniosis occurs more commonly in temperate regions than in tropical or subtropical regions. In Taiwan, which is located in a subtropical region of Southeast Asia, only environmental isolates and human infection of Yersinia enterocolitica were reported, but a human case of Y. pseudotuberculosis infection had not been identified. We report the first person with Y. pseudotuberculosis serotype O1 septicemia who presented with acute appendicitis-like syndrome and who was probably contracted the infection via ingestion of raw foods in a barbecue restaurant in Japan.
Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 09/2014; 113(9):656–659. · 1.70 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The clinical characteristics of Q fever are poorly identified in the tropics. Fever with pneumonia or hepatitis are the dominant presentations of acute Q fever, which exhibits geographic variability. In southern Taiwan, which is located in a tropical region, the role of Q fever in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has never been investigated.
PLoS ONE 07/2014; 9(7):e102808. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite increased identification of spotted fever group rickettsioses (SFGR) in animals and arthropods, human SFGR are poorly characterized in Taiwan.
Patients with suspected Q fever, scrub typhus, murine typhus, leptospirosis, and dengue fever from April 2004 to December 2009 were retrospectively investigated for SFGR antibodies (Abs). Sera were screened for Rickettsia rickettsii Abs by indirect immunofluorescence antibody assay (IFA), and those with positive results were further examined for Abs against R. rickettsii, R. typhi, R. felis, R. conorii, and R. japonica using micro-immunofluorescence (MIF) tests. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detection of SFGR DNA was applied in those indicated acute infections. Case geographic distribution was made by the geographic information system software.
A total of 413 cases with paired serum, including 90 cases of Q fever, 47 cases of scrub typhus, 12 cases of murine typhus, 6 cases of leptospirosis, 3 cases of dengue fever, and 255 cases of unknown febrile diseases were investigated. Using IFA tests, a total of 49 cases with 47 (11.4%) and 4 (1.0%) cases had sera potentially positive for R. rickettsii IgG and IgM, respectively. In the 49 cases screened from IFA, MIF tests revealed that there were 5 cases of acute infections (3 possible R. felis and 2 undetermined SFGR) and 13 cases of past infections (3 possible R. felis and 10 undetermined SFGR). None of the 5 cases of acute infection had detectable SFGR DNA in the blood specimen by PCR. Possible acute infection of R. felis was identified in both one case of Q fever and scrub typhus. The geographic distribution of SFGR cases is similar with that of scrub typhus.
Human SFGR exist and are neglected diseases in southern Taiwan, particularly for the species closely-related to R. felis.
PLoS ONE 04/2014; 9(4):e95810. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background. It is urgent to find alternative agents due to increasing failure rate of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication. The study surveyed the long-term effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) on H. pylori based on Mongolian gerbil's model. Materials and Methods. Fifty gerbils were randomly allocated to six groups (A-F). Group (Gr) A: the gerbils were fed with broth; Gr B and D: the gerbils were fed with AgNP/clay complex (0.1% of weight); Gr C and E: the gerbils were fed with AgNP/clay complex(1% of weight); and Gr D, E, and F: the gerbils were inoculated with H. pylori. At the 20th experimental week, the gerbils were sacrificed. Histology was evaluated according to the classification of the Sydney system. P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results. The AgNP/clay has more obvious inhibitory effect on H. pylori in vitro. There was a trend of higher concentrations of AgNP with stronger inhibitory effect on H. pylori growth (P = 0.071). There were no significant differences of inflammation among groups D, E, and F (P = 0.688).Conclusion. AgNP/clay would be a potential and safe agent for inhibiting H. pylori. It should be helpful for eradication of H. pylori infection.
BioMed Research International 04/2014; 2014:461034. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Multi-modality electrophysiological techniques were performed to assess the effects of quinidine on peripheral nerve conduction.
Twenty-seven rats were treated with 1, 3, and 5 μmol quinidine in 0.1 ml 5 % glucose. The mixed-nerve somato-sensory evoked potential (M-SSEP), dermatomal-SSEP (D-SSEP), and compound muscle action potentials (CMAP) were evoked and recorded. After positioning Gelfoam strips saturated with quinidine and 5 % glucose around the left and right sciatic nerves, potentials were measured at baseline, immediately after treatment, every 15 min for the 1st hour, and every 30 min for the next 3 h. After 2 weeks, the walking behaviors and potentials were again analyzed and myelinated fibers in the sciatic nerve were counted.
Quinidine applied directly to sciatic nerves reduced the amplitude and prolonged the latency in SSEPs and CMAP, compared to baseline and the contralateral right limbs (controls). This persisted for at least 4 h. After 2 weeks, electrophysiological tests and walking behavior showed no significant difference between the controls and experimental limbs. There was also no difference in the number of myelinated fibers in the sciatic nerves.
Quinidine decreases amplitude and prolongs latency in the sciatic nerve in a dose-related manner without local neural toxicity.
Journal of Anesthesia 12/2013; · 1.12 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) is an uncommon but life-threatening disease caused by Streptococcus pyogenes.
To understand the clinical and molecular characteristics of STSS, we analyzed clinical data and explored the emm types, superantigen genes, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of causative S. pyogenes isolates obtained between 2005 and 2012.
In total, 53 patients with STSS were included in this study. The median age of the patients was 57 years (range: 9-83 years), and 81.1% were male. The most prevalent underlying disease was diabetes mellitus (45.3%). Skin and soft-tissue infection accounted for 86.8% of STSS. The overall mortality rate was 32.1%. Underlying diseases had no statistical impact on mortality. A total of 19 different emm types were identified. The most prevalent emm type was emm102 (18.9%), followed by emm11 (17%), emm1 (11.3%), emm87 (9.4%), and emm89 (7.5%). There was no statistically significant association between emm type and a fatal outcome. Among the superantigen genes, speB was the most frequently detected one (92.5%), followed by smeZ (90.6%), speG (81.1%), speC (39.6%), and speF (39.6%). The majority of emm102 strains were found to have speB, speC, speG, and smeZ. The presence of speG was negatively associated with a fatal outcome (P = 0.045).
Our surveillance revealed the emergence of uncommon emm types, particularly emm102, causing STSS in southern Taiwan. Characterization of clinical, epidemiological, and molecular characteristics of STSS will improve our understanding of this life-threatening disease.
PLoS ONE 12/2013; 8(12):e81700. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Q fever is serologically cross-reactive with other intracellular microorganisms. However, studies of the serological status of Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae during Q fever are rare. We conducted a retrospective serological study of M. pneumoniae and C. pneumoniae by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), a method widely used in clinical practice, in 102 cases of acute Q fever, 39 cases of scrub typhus, and 14 cases of murine typhus. The seropositive (57.8%, 7.7%, and 0%, p<0.001) and seroconversion rates (50.6%, 8.8%, and 0%, p<0.001) of M. pneumoniae IgM, but not M. pneumoniae IgG and C. pneumoniae IgG/IgM, in acute Q fever were significantly higher than in scrub typhus and murine typhus. Another ELISA kit also revealed a high seropositivity (49.5%) and seroconversion rate (33.3%) of M. pneumoniae IgM in acute Q fever. The temporal and age distributions of patients with positive M. pneumoniae IgM were not typical of M. pneumoniae pneumonia. Comparing acute Q fever patients who were positive for M. pneumoniae IgM (59 cases) with those who were negative (43 cases), the demographic characteristics and underlying diseases were not different. In addition, the clinical manifestations associated with atypical pneumonia, including headache (71.2% vs. 81.4%, p=0.255), sore throat (8.5% vs. 16.3%, p=0.351), cough (35.6% vs. 23.3%, p=0.199), and chest x-ray suggesting pneumonia (19.3% vs. 9.5%, p=0.258), were unchanged between the two groups. Clinicians should be aware of the high seroprevalence of M. pneumoniae IgM in acute Q fever, particularly with ELISA kits, which can lead to misdiagnosis, overestimations of the prevalence of M. pneumoniae pneumonia, and underestimations of the true prevalence of Q fever pneumonia.
PLoS ONE 10/2013; 8(10):e77640. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Group A Streptococcal (GAS) necrotizing fasciitis is a critical emergency. Patients with necrotizing fasciitis principally present to emergency departments (EDs), but most studies are focused on hospitalized patients.
An ED patient-based retrospective study was conducted to investigate the clinical characteristics, associated factors, and outcomes of GAS necrotizing fasciitis in the ED.
Patients visiting the ED from January 2005 through December 2011 with the diagnosis of GAS necrotizing fasciitis were enrolled. All patients with the diagnosis of noninvasive skin and soft-tissue infections caused by GAS were included as the control group.
During the study period, 75 patients with GAS necrotizing fasciitis were identified. Males accounted for 84% of patients. The most prevalent underlying disease was diabetes mellitus (45.3%). Bullae were recognized in 37.3% of patients. One third of cases were complicated by bacteremia. Polymicrobial infections were found in 30.7% of patients. Overall mortality rate for GAS necrotizing fasciitis was 16%. Patients aged >60 years with diabetes mellitus, liver cirrhosis, and gout were considerably more likely to have GAS necrotizing fasciitis than noninvasive infections. Patients presenting with bacteremia, shock, duration of symptoms/signs <5 days, low white blood cell count, low platelet count, and prolonged prothrombin time were associated with increased mortality. Surgery is a significantly negative factor for mortality of patients with GAS necrotizing fasciitis (odds ratio = 0.16; 95% confidence interval 0.002-0.16; p < 0.001).
A better understanding of the associated factors and initiation of adequate treatments will allow for improved survival after GAS necrotizing fasciitis.
Journal of Emergency Medicine 08/2013; · 1.18 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: p53 plays an important role in maintaining genomic stability and regulating the cell cycle. However, the accumulation of p53 protein has been reported to be involved in the carcinogenesis, progression, and metastasis of many types of human cancer. This study evaluates the clinical significance of p53 expression in upper tract urothelial carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One-hundred and twelve cases of upper tract urothelial carcinoma were included in this study. p53 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and the association of p53 expression with clinicopathological variables was analyzed. RESULTS: p53 expression was significantly correlated with patients who were undergoing hemodialysis (p=0.005) and had increased serum creatinine levels (p=0.001). High p53 expression was associated with poor progression-free (p=0.025) and cancer-specific survival (p=0.021), Cox regression analysis also revealed that p53 was an independent predictor of poor progression-free (hazard ratio=3.74, p=0.025) and cancer-specific (hazard ratio=5.87, p=0.030) survival. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that p53 expression is a potential biomarker for predicting patient survival. Further study is necessary to investigate the role of p53 in the carcinogenesis of upper tract urothelial carcinoma.
Anticancer research 03/2013; 33(3):1091-1098. · 1.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background. The suppression of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) decreases H. pylori-related diseases. The probiotics have an inhibitory effect on H. pylori. Aim. We investigated the effects of long-term use of yogurt on H. pylori based on Mongolian gerbils' model. Materials and Methods. Yogurt (containing a supplement of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium lactis, etc.) was used. Forty-six gerbils were divided into five groups. All groups were inoculated with H. pylori for 5 to 8 weeks. The yogurt was given as follows: Group (Gr.) A: from 1st to 4th week; Gr. B from 5th to 8th week; Gr. C: from 17th week to sacrifice; Gr. D: from 5th week to sacrifice. Gerbils were sacrificed on the 52nd week. Histology was evaluated according to the Sydney system. Results. The positive rates of H. pylori were 60% (Gr. A), 75% (Gr. B), 67% (Gr. C), 44% (Gr. D), and 100% (Gr. E). Gr. D showed lower inflammatory score. Only Gr. E (60%) had intestinal metaplasia. Gr. D showed higher IL-10 and lower TNF- α expression than Gr. E. Conclusion. Long-term intake of yogurt could decrease H. pylori infection. The long-term use of yogurt would be an alternative strategy to manage H. pylori infection.
Biochemistry research international. 01/2013; 2013:594561.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There are no reliable biomarkers for diagnosis, prediction of outcome or treatment effect monitoring for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), which is a uniquely prevalent cancer in Taiwan. In the present study, 128 primary UTUC specimens of various grades and primary tumor status were examined for the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in tumor and stroma tissues aiming to clarify the association of COX-2 expression with clinical outcomes in Taiwanese patients with UTUC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was implemented to investigate COX-2 expression levels in 128 paired tumor and stroma specimens. The association of COX-2 expression with tumor progression and prognosis was analyzed. RESULTS: Our data demonstrated that positive COX-2 expression was more frequent in stromal cells (57.0%), than in tumor sites (53.1%), and the up-regulation of COX-2 was strongly associated with higher cancer-specific death and cancer recurrence rates. In COX-2-negative cases, no similar correlation was found. CONCLUSION: COX-2 expression was up-regulated in both stromal and tumor cells of more than half of the studied UTUC patients and the positive expression of COX-2 in stromal cells may be a potential predictive and prognostic biomarker for UTUC, especially for cancer-specific death and recurrence.
Anticancer research 09/2012; 32(9):4111-4116. · 1.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Amitriptyline, a tricyclic antidepressant and potent use-dependent blocker of sodium channels, has been shown to attenuate acute and chronic pain in several preclinical modes. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether intrathecal pretreatment with amitriptyline combined with post-injury intra-peritoneal amitriptyline is more effective than post-injury treatment alone on L5 spinal nerve ligation (SNL)-induced neuropathic pain. Methods: 96 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were allocated into 4 groups: group S, Sham; group L, L5 spinal nerve Ligation with vehicle treatment; group A, SNL and post-injury intra-peritoneal (Abdominal) amitriptyline twice daily x 3 days; group P, intrathecal Pretreatment with amitriptyline, SNL and intra-peritoneal amitriptyline twice daily x 3 days. Responses to thermal and mechanical stimuli, as well as sodium channel expression in injured dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and activated glial cells in spinal dorsal horn (SDH) were measured pre-operatively and on post-operative day (POD) 4, 7, 14, 21 and 28. Results: SNL-evoked hyper-sensitivities responses to thermal and mechanical stimuli, up-regulated Nav1.3 and down-regulated Nav1.8 expression in DRG, and activated microglia and astrocytes in SDH. In group A, intra-peritoneal amitriptyline alone alleviated thermal hypersensitivity on POD7, reversed Nav1.8 and reduced activated microglia on POD14. In group P, intrathecal pretreatment with amitriptyline not only potentiated the effect of intra-peritoneal amitriptyline on thermal hypersensitivity and Nav1.8, but attenuated mechanical hypersensitivity on POD7 and reduced up-regulated Nav1.3 on POD14. Furthermore, this treatment regimen reduced astrocyte activation on POD14. Conclusions: Concomitant intrathecal pretreatment and post-injury intra-peritoneal amitriptyline was more effective than post-injury treatment alone on attenuation of behavioral hypersensitivity, decrease of activated microglia and astrocytes and dysregulated Nav1.3 and 1.8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The current study was to investigate the interaction between Helicobacter pylori and human dendritic cells (DCs). Whether impaired DC function can influence the outcome of H. pylori infections. Human monocyte-derived DCs (MDDCs) from five gastric cancer patients and nine healthy controls were stimulated with H. pylori. Maturation markers of MDDC were examined by flow cytometry. IL-10 and TNF-α released by MDDCs and IL-17 produced by T cells were measured by ELISA. Regulatory signaling pathways of IL-10 were examined by ELISA, western blotting, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. The results showed that as compared with healthy individuals, the maturation marker CD40 in MDDCs, IL-17A expression from T cells, and IL-10 expression from MDDCs were significantly lower in gastric cancer patients. Blocking DC-SIGN, TLR2, and TLR4 could reverse H. pylori-associated IL-10 production. Activation of the p38 MAPK and NF-kB signaling pathways concomitant with decreased tri-methylated H3K9 and increased acetylated H3 accounted for the effect of H. pylori on IL-10 expression. Furthermore, upregulated IL-10 expression was significantly suppressed in H. pylori-pulsed MDDCs by histone acetyltransferase and methyltransferase inhibitors. Taken together, impaired DC function contributes to the less effective innate and adaptive immune responses against H. pylori seen in gastric cancer patients. H. pylori can regulate IL-10 production through Toll-like and DC-SIGN receptors, activates p-p38 MAPK signaling and the transcription factors NF-kB, and modulates histone modification.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 04/2012; 96(1):211-20. · 3.81 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study investigated the hypermethylation of E-cadherin, p16, p14, and RASSF1A in pathologically normal urothelium to predict recurrence of bladder cancer after transurethral resection.
Samples of bladder tumor and paired pathologically normal urothelium were obtained from 50 bladder cancer patients. The status of promoter hypermethylation in these four genes was investigated by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. The clinicopathologic data in these patients were also analyzed in order to evaluate the clinical implication of aberrant methylation in bladder cancer recurrence.
Hypermethylation of E-cadherin (30%), p16 (16%), p14 (14%), and RASSF1A (36%) was detected in the pathologically normal urothelium samples. Promoter hypermethylation occurred frequently in both pathologically normal urothelium and tumor samples from bladder cancer patients, and increased with progression from normal to bladder cancer at E-cadherin (P = 0.067), p16 (P < 0.001), p14 (P = 0.01), and RASSF1A (P = 0.01). No significant correlation was observed between hypermethylation in any genes and muscle/organ invasion and stage/grade, except p14. However, p14 hypermethylation in pathologically normal urothelium samples was associated with shorter recurrence-free interval (P = 0.019).
p14 hypermethylation could be involved in early stage of bladder carcinogenesis, and p14 hypermethylation in pathologically normal urothelium samples should be considered a predictor of bladder cancer recurrence.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria have been spreading from hospitals to communities. Despite this, there are limited emergency department (ED) patient-based studies about these bacteremias. A retrospective matched case-control study with a ratio of 1:3 was conducted at a university hospital. The case group consisted of patients aged >16 years with ESBL-producing bacteremias in the ED. Patients matched for age and sex with non-ESBL-producing bacteremias were sampled as the control group. Finally, 64 episodes of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis bacteremias were included in our study. The median age of case patients was 71 years, and 29 (45.3%) were males. The most common type of infection was urinary tract infection (71.9%), followed by intra-abdominal infection (12.5%). Inappropriate empirical antibiotics therapy was prescribed in 87.5% of case patients, which was significantly higher than the control group (13.0%; p < 0.001). Patients with inappropriate empirical antibiotics had a significantly longer hospital stay than those with appropriate empirical antibiotics (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that hospital-acquired infection, urinary catheterization, and previous antibiotics use were independent risk factors for the acquisition of ESBL-producing bacteremia. The 28-day mortality rate of case patients was 18.8%. Whether they received appropriate empirical antibiotics treatment or not, there was no statistical difference in the mortality of patients with ESBL-producing bacteremias (p = 0.167). To face these emerging multidrug-resistant bacteria and to guide the empirical antibiotics therapy, it is crucial for emergency physicians to recognize the characteristics and risk factors for ESBL-producing organisms.
Internal and Emergency Medicine 12/2011; 6(6):547-55. · 2.35 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The severity of skin and soft tissue infections caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS) is variable, and there are only a limited number of studies evaluating the characteristics of these infections in the literature. From May 2005 to November 2007, 73 patients with skin and soft tissue infections caused by group A Streptococcus were included in this study. Among these patients, 34 (46.6%) had invasive diseases. Diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, and hypertension were the most common underlying disorders. The overall mortality rate was 6.8%, and the elderly were predisposed to invasive infections (P < 0.001). Neutrophil percentages of ≥80, serum creatinine levels of ≥2 mg/dl, and high serum C-reactive protein levels were noted more frequently in patients with invasive infections than in patients with noninvasive infections, as were bacteremia and a high mortality rate. Of the 73 isolates, 93.2%, 97.3%, and 37% exhibited susceptibility to erythromycin, clindamycin, and tetracycline, respectively. The five most prevalent emm types were emm106 (24.7%), emm11 (12.3%), emm102 (9.6%), emm4 (8.2%), and emm12 (8.2%). Compared to other types, the emm106 type was significantly more likely to be associated with invasive diseases (P = 0.012). Dendrogram analysis showed a unique SmaI-digested pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern of the emm106 type that was particularly prone to cause invasive skin and soft tissue infections (P < 0.001). The results of this study suggest that isolates with the emm106 gene may be an emerging group A Streptococcus strain that causes invasive skin and soft tissue infections. Further surveillance study to understand the significance of this invasive strain is critical.
Journal of clinical microbiology 08/2011; 49(10):3632-7. · 4.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Quinidine, a class I anti-arrhythmic agent, is a sodium channel blocker that is more potent than lidocaine and mexiletine. This study tested pre-emptive intrathecal quinidine to attenuate neuropathic pain induced by lumbar spinal nerve ligation (SNL).
Ninety-six adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were grouped equally (n=24 per group) as follows: group S (sham), removal of transverse process only; group L, SNL; group Q₃₅, SNL pretreated with intrathecal quinidine 35 mM (50 µl); group Q₇₀, SNL pretreated with intrathecal quinidine 70 mM (50 µl). Neuropathic pain was measured by thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia. Other measurements included dys-regulation of sodium channel Nav₁.₃ in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and spinal microglia activation in spinal dorsal horn.
Spinal nerve ligation induced abnormal mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, up-regulated Nav₁.₃ in DRG, and activated microglia in spinal cord. Group Q₇₀ showed attenuated thermal hyperalgesia (P<0.001) and mechanical allodynia (P<0.05) on postoperative day 5 (POD₅) but not on POD₇, reversed up-regulated expression of Nav₁.₃ on POD₃ and POD₇ in DRG and significantly attenuated microglia activation on POD₇ (P=0.032) in spinal cord.
Pretreatment with intrathecal quinidine 70 mM before SNL attenuates nerve ligation-induced neuropathic pain. The duration of the effect is 5 days.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology. 08/2011; 63(8):1063-9.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The cell cycle regulator cyclin D1 (CCND1) is thought to play a major role in the transition of cell cycle from G1 to S phase. It is known that a common CCND1 G870A genotype is associated with bladder cancer in Japan and China, but not in the Western World. There is neither a report about its role in Taiwan's population, nor its genetic role of CCND1 G870A in another worldwide urothelial cancer, upper tract urothelial cancer (UTUC). Therefore, we aimed at investigating the role of CCND1 G870A in both bladder cancer and UTUC in Taiwanese cohorts. The CCND1 G870A genotypes of 171 (101 bladder cancer and 70 UTUC) patients and 243 control subjects were determined by PCR-RFLP and their correlation with clinical and histopathological data was evaluated. The genotype analysis results showed that CCND1 GG genotype was associated with a lower risk overall in urothelial (P = 0.008, OR = 0.44, 95% CI = 0.24-0.81) and bladder cancer patients (P = 0.008, OR = 0.34, 95% CI = 0.15-0.76) than those of the AA genotype. In addition, patients carrying the AG genotype had a 0.29-fold lower odds ratio of muscle-invasive cancer procession (95% CI = 0.12-0.70) compared with those carrying the AA genotype in bladder cancer patients. Surprisingly, the GG genotype had a 5.88-fold higher odds ratio of muscle-invasive cancer procession (95% CI = 1.08-32.01) compared with those carrying the AA genotype in UTUC. No association between any CCND1 G870A genotype and higher-grade risk was found. Our results suggest that the G allele of the CCND1 G870A polymorphism may be a potential predictive and prognostic biomarker to distinguish between bladder cancer and UTUC in Taiwan.
The Chinese journal of physiology 06/2011; 54(3):196-202. · 1.28 Impact Factor