Norimichi Nemoto

Nihon University, Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan

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Publications (99)151.32 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Undifferentiated (anaplastic) carcinoma with rhabdoid features is a rare and aggressive subtype of pancreatic carcinoma. Here, we report the clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical phenotypes in six autopsy cases of anaplastic carcinoma with rhabdoid features. The patients ranged between 44 and 76 years of age (median, 61 years) and consisted of four males and two females. All patients except one case died within 3 months of diagnosis, as these tumors were found at an advanced stage and were chemoresistant. At autopsy, tumor masses measuring 4-22 cm in maximum diameter were mainly located in the pancreatic body and tail. Microscopically, all cases showed anaplastic carcinoma with rhabdoid features that were discohesive with round to polygonal eosinophilic cytoplasm with occasional inclusions, and that had vesicular nuclei, and prominent nucleoli. Immunohistochemistry showed that the rhabdoid cells, particularly the inclusions, were strongly positive for pan-cytokeratin (AE1/AE3) and vimentin. Meanwhile, downregulation or aberrant cytoplasmic localization with focal aggregation of E-cadherin, β-catenin, and EMA were frequently observed in the rhabdoid cells. Moreover, the intracytoplasmic inclusions were labeled with selective autophagy-related molecules including p62/SQSTM1, ubiquitin, and kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1). In addition, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) and overexpression of its target molecule multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) were commonly observed in the rhabdoid cells. Therefore, these results suggest that p62-mediated aggregation of ubiquitinated intermediate filaments and membranous proteins is an important phenomenon in the rhabdoid phenotype. Indeed, the ubiquitinated aggregates of p62 and KEAP1 would induce activation of NRF2 and upregulation of MRP1, leading to potential chemoresistance of anaplastic carcinoma with rhabdoid features.
    Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Anaplastic sarcoma of the kidney (ASK) is a relatively newly recognized pediatric renal tumor. The present patient, a 13-year-old boy with a large renal mass, underwent surgery. Pathological findings showed proliferation of short spindle-shaped cells with anaplastic features including multiple foci in hyaline cartilage. Complex chromosomal abnormalities were detected in the tumor cells. Postoperative chemotherapy with the regimen for Ewing's sarcoma achieved complete remission but the tumor recurred and the patient died during re-induction chemotherapy. Autopsy indicated the cause of death as duodenal hemorrhage. Because there were no viable tumor cells, the recurrent tumor was considered to have been completely cured by chemotherapy. ASK is a very rare tumor, of unknown pathogenesis, and no standard treatment has yet been established, but the tumor cells may be responsive to chemotherapy. Further study is needed to establish the optimal treatment strategy.
    Pediatrics International 10/2013; 55(5):e129-32. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) is a type I transmembrane protein that is expressed on the surfaces of glandular epithelial cells. The extracellular portion of the pIgR is composed of 6 different domains. Domain 6 is involved in the enzymatic cleavage and release of the pIgR into the intestinal lumen as a free secretory component (fSC). A highly conserved 9-amino acid sequence is present in this region in various species. Although mutations in domain 6 are associated with particular diseases, such as IgA nephropathy and Epstein Barr virus-related nasopharyngeal cancer, and the glutamic acid residues in the conserved 9-amino acid sequence are expected to be indispensable for the secretion of fSC, the importance of these residues has not been examined. In the present study, we attempted to examine the role of these residues in the enzymatic cleavage of the pIgR. The enzymatic cleavage of the pIgR was not affected by the presence of an alanine to valine substitution at position 580 or glutamine to alanine substitutions at positions 606 and/or 607, or the deletion of the whole 9-amino acid conserved sequence. Intriguingly, the 10-amino acid sequences flanking the N- and C-terminal ends of the conserved 9-amino acid sequence had opposite effects on pIgR cleavage. Namely, the N-terminal and C-terminal sequences enhanced and reduced pIgR cleavage efficiency, respectively. These results indicated that the pIgR can be divided into several functionally distinct regions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 06/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with inoperable advanced non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs), histological subtyping using small-mount biopsy specimens was often required to decide the indications for drug treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the utility of highly sensitive mRNA quantitation for the subtyping of advanced NSCLC using small formalin fixing and paraffin embedding (FFPE) biopsy samples. Cytokeratin (CK) 6, CK7, CK14, CK18, and thyroid transcription factor (TTF)-1 mRNA expression levels were measured using semi-nested real-time quantitative (snq) reverse-transcribed polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in microdissected tumor cells collected from 52 lung biopsies. Our results using the present snqRT-PCR method showed an improvement in mRNA quantitation from small FFPE samples, and the mRNA expression level using snqRT-PCR was correlated with the immunohistochemical protein expression level. CK7, CK18, and TTF-1 mRNA were expressed at significantly higher levels (P<0.05) in adenocarcinoma (AD) than in squamous cell carcinoma (SQ), while CK6 and CK14 mRNA expression was significantly higher (P<0.05) in SQ than in AD. Each histology-specific CK, particularly CK18 in AD and CK6 in SQ, were shown to be correlated with a poor prognosis (P=0.02, 0.02, respectively). Our results demonstrated that a quantitative CK subtype mRNA analysis from lung biopsy samples can be useful for predicting the histology subtype and prognosis of advanced NSCLC.
    Acta histochemica et cytochemica official journal of the Japan Society of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 04/2013; 46(2):85-96. · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 14-year-old girl with acute lymphocytic leukemia complained of right flank pain and fever. As her fever was prolonged, she underwent renal biopsy and was diagnosed with mucormycosis. We performed right nephrectomy, and subsequent pathological examination of her tissue specimen also detected mucormycosis. Here, we report a rare case of renal mucormycotic abscess.
    Japanese journal of infectious diseases. 01/2013; 66(4):345-7.
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    ABSTRACT: PROBLEM: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are innate immune receptors that mediate the pattern recognition of, and response toward, pathogens and host-derived danger signals. We reported that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and microsomal prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES) mRNA were expressed in cases of endometriosis. The relationship between COX-2, mPGES-1, and TLR4 in endometriotic lesions has yet to be determined. METHOD OF STUDY: Endometriosis samples were obtained from 37 patients with endometrial cysts. Endometrial tissues were obtained from patients undergoing surgical procedures for benign gynecological conditions. COX-2, mPGES-1, and TLR4 mRNA expressions were examined by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and mPGES-1, and TLR4 protein localization was examined by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: TLR4 proteins were mostly located to the glandular epithelium. The immunoreactivities of TLR4 and mPGES-1 from endometriosis lesions were significantly higher than those in eutopic endometrium in the proliferative phase. The expression levels of mPGES-1 mRNA in peritoneal endometriosis were higher than those in eutopic endometrium in the proliferative phase. The expression of TLR4 mRNA correlates with that of mPGES-1 mRNA and not with that of COX-2 in endometriotic lesions. CONCLUSION: Relationship between TLR4 and mPGES-1 mRNA in endometriotic lesions indicate that innate immunity may play an important role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis.
    American Journal Of Reproductive Immunology 12/2012; · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pemetrexed inhibits three key folate enzymes: thymidylate synthetase (TYMS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFT). The relationship between the clinical efficacy of pemetrexed and the expression of folate enzymes in lung cancer cells is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether TYMS, DHFR, and GARFT expression affect the therapeutic efficacy of pemetrexed. Participants (n=50) were patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with pemetrexed. Samples were obtained by tumor biopsy before treatment. We isolated cancer cells from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues using laser microdissection, and mRNA levels were analyzed using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Protein expression was evaluated using immunohistochemistry. We assessed the association between TYMS, DHFR, and GARFT expression and the therapeutic efficacy of pemetrexed. The median age was 66.8 years. Compared to healthy tissues, the relative TYMS mRNA expression ranged from 0.001 to 41.613 (mean 4.638±1.357), and was significantly lower in responders compared to non-responders (1.671±0.844 versus 5.978±1.895, p=0.0142). Progression-free survival was prolonged in patients with lower TYMS mRNA expression compared to those with higher TYMS mRNA expression, but the difference was not statistically significant (18.0 versus 13.3 weeks, p=0.3001). DHFR and GARFT mRNA expression did not correlate with the efficacy of pemetrexed. We specifically analyzed TYMS, DHFR, and GARFT mRNA expression levels in lung cancer cells from biopsy specimens using laser microdissection. TYMS mRNA expression affected the therapeutic efficacy of pemetrexed and could therefore constitute a useful predictive biomarker for NSCLC patients receiving pemetrexed.
    Anticancer research 10/2012; 32(10):4589-96. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecule targeting therapy using somatostatin (SS) analogues has become a widely accepted modality to treat neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), particularly gastrointestinal (GI) and pancreatic endocrine tumors. On the other hand, little is known about the expression of somatostatin receptor (SSTR) subtypes in neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs). We investigated the expression of SSTR subtypes (SSTR-1, 2A, 3, 4 and 5) using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method and immunohistochemistry in 32 neuroendocrine neoplasms (9 NET G1, 2 NET G2, 18 NECs G3 and 3 mixed NEC G3) of various primary sites. Expression of more than two SSTR subtypes was detected in all neuroendocrine neoplasms examined. Expression of SSTR-2A mRNA was significantly higher than other subtypes. In addition, mRNA expression of SSTR-3 and SSTR-5 was significantly low or below the detection level except for gastroduodenal NET G1. No significant difference of the expression of SSTR subtypes was observed between the NET and NEC groups. The expression of protein and mRNA was generally well correlated. In conclusion, NECs would be a good candidate for molecule targeting therapy using SS analogues, and the expression of SSTR-2A can be useful as a biomarker of neuroendocrine differentiation. We have demonstrated that NEC G3 small cell type shows a different expression profile of SSTR subtypes compared with NET and NEC non-small cell type.
    ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA 06/2012; 45(3):167-76. · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe herein a 39-year-old woman with tumor recurrence in the residual pancreas and metastasis to the lymph node about 5 years after an eneclation for insulinoma in the body of the pancreas. A certain day in the morning in June 2002, she was immediately admitted to our hospital due to impairment of consciousness based hypoglycemia. On diagnostic imaging including an arterial stimulation venous sampling, localization of the recurrent lesions was not identified. In October 2002, we underwent laparotomy for the purpose of localization of the recurrent lesions and treatment. During the operation, peripheral blood glucose level, portal blood glucose level and portal insulin level were measured periodically. The mobilization started from the tail of the pancreas. Blood glucose levels were gradually elevated during the mobilization. The pancreas was mobilized to the right edge of the portal vein and was resected. Histopathological diagnosis was recurrent insulinoma in a peripancreatic lymph node and intra-pancreatic subcapsular tumor embolization. Postoperative course was uneventful. More than 8 years after surgery, she is doing well without signs of recurrence.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 11/2011; 38(12):2023-6.
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    ABSTRACT: A 74-year-old man with anemia visited our hospital. When he was 42 years old, he was diagnosed with duodenal ulcer and underwent gastrectomy with Billroth II construction. A gastrointestinal endoscopic examination revealed an ulcerative lesion at the remnant stomach, and the pathological examination of the biopsy specimen showed moderate to poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Abdominal CT scan revealed liver and para-aortic lymphnode metastases. He received daily oral administration of S-1 at a dose of 100 mg/body, bid, 4 weeks on and 2 weeks off. After 4 courses of S-1, CT scan showed a complete response of the liver and also para-aortic lymphnode metastasis. He underwent total remnant gastrectomy with D2 dissection. Histological examination revealed no residual cancer cells in the surgically removed stomach and lymphnode, and he was diagnosed a complete pathological response (Grade 3). He refused adjuvant S-1, but is in good health without recurrence 2 years after the operation.
    Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy 07/2011; 38(7):1191-5.
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    ABSTRACT: We carried out a histopathologic study of pilomatrixoma, a benign skin tumor, and also examined apoptosis and hair differentiation with the aim to understand the presence of amorphous debris and cyst formation in the tumor. Among 16 cases of pilomatrixoma examined, 11 were at the early regressive stage and 5 were at the late regressive stage according to the classification by Kaddu et al. In the former cases, tumor nests were basically composed of basophilic, transitional, and shadow cells. Cyst formation was evident in all cases and squamoid epithelium was observed in 4 cases at the early regressive stage. Amorphous debris was found in all cases including those at the late regressive stage. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed positive reaction products for β-catenin and Lef-1 in basophilic and transitional cells, although their distribution differed. Immunoreactivity for β-catenin was observed in the lower transitional cells, whereas immunoreactivity for Lef-1 was also evident in the upper transitional cells. Positive reactions for hair keratins were found in the cytoplasm of transitional and shadow cells, but not in the amorphous debris. Examination by the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end-labeling (TUNEL) method revealed positive reactions in transitional and some shadow cells. These results suggest that in pilomatrixoma, production of hair keratin and induction of apoptosis may occur at the same time, and that unlike the normal hair follicle irregular expression of β-catenin and Lef-1 results in the appearance of amorphous debris and cyst formation.
    The American Journal of dermatopathology 02/2011; 33(1):60-4. · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Neurology 02/2011; 258(7):1351-3. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer - EUR J CANCER. 01/2011; 47.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare autopsy case of disseminated strongyloidiasis combined with cytomegalovirus co-infection involving a 68-year-old man, who was originally from Okinawa Prefecture in southern Japan, where strongyloidiasis occurs sporadically among the elderly. This patient was admitted with a diagnosis of drug eruption and hypereosinophilic syndrome. He was administered steroid therapy, but suffered complications of fever, respiratory distress, and pulmonary hemorrhaging. The autopsy findings showed disseminated strongyloidiasis in the alveolar spaces and the intestine and cytomegalovirus inclusion body foci in the lungs.
    Japanese journal of infectious diseases. 01/2011; 64(2):150-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is an important and fatal complication in the patients with neutropenic or immunosuppressed condition. In spite of intensive treatment with anti-fungal drugs, the prognosis of the patients who have been suffered from IPA is extremely poor. This case was an 85-year-old Japanese man who was diagnosed as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). He underwent high-dose corticosteroids and gamma-globulin therapy. During the hospitalization, he complained respiratory symptoms, and the abnormal shadow suggesting pulmonary infiltration and cavitation was pointed out on chest imaging. He was diagnosed as IPA because of high level of serum beta-D-glucan and positive for aspergillus antigen. Although he underwent intensive care with anti-fungal drug administration and artificial respiration, he died of respiratory distress on the 68th hospitalization. Postmortem examination disclosed severe bronchopneumonia, cavitation and pulmonary arterial thrombi in both lungs. Histological examination showed widely distributed epitheloid cell granulomata with central necrosis containing aspergillus hyphae, and vasodestructive growth of fungus with occasional organized thrombi.
    Rinsho byori. The Japanese journal of clinical pathology 08/2010; 58(8):786-91.
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    ABSTRACT: We previously demonstrated that antibiotic combination therapy is effective for induction and maintenance of ulcerative colitis (UC) remission. Herein, we assessed whether antibiotic combination therapy is effective for active UC, including cases with steroid refractory or dependent disease. We enrolled 25 patients with active UC including 17 steroid-dependent or refractory cases. These patients received amoxicillin 500 mg t.i.d., tetracycline 500 mg t.i.d. and metronidazole 250 mg t.i.d. for 2 weeks as well as conventional treatment. Seven colonic segments from the appendiceal region to the rectum were scored for endoscopic activity and histology. Clinical activity indexes (CAI) were also determined. At 3 and 12 months after antibiotic treatment, CAI and endoscopic score were significantly decreased as compared to those before treatment (P < 0.001 and P < 0.05, P < 0.01, respectively). Histological scores were also significantly decreased at 12 months as compared to before treatment (P < 0.01). The clinical response rates in steroid-dependent patients were 60% and 73.3% at 3 and 12 months, respectively, while being 50% at 12 months in steroid-refractory patients. Among the 17 steroid-dependent or refractory patients, 12 (70.6%) were able to discontinue steroid therapy at 12 months. No serious drug-related toxicities were observed during the trial. This long-term follow-up study suggests 2-week antibiotic combination therapy to be effective and safe in patients with active UC including those with steroid-refractory or dependent disease.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 05/2010; 25 Suppl 1:S62-6. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although Trichosporon is a causative pathogen of white piedra and summer-type hypersensitivity pneumonitis, fatal disseminated trichosporonosis cases have recently been increasing. However, Trichosporon is often confused with other fungi, especially Candida, in pathological specimens. The aim was to determine the utility of histopathological stains and electron microscopy for diagnosing trichosporonosis. Autopsy cases of trichosporonosis, candidiasis, aspergillosis and cryptococcosis were investigated using histopathological stains and electron microscopy. Using Grocott's method, Trichosporon was weakly detected compared with other fungi. In contrast, diluted periodic acid methenamine silver (PAM) stain clearly enhanced the intensity of staining of Trichosporon compared with Candida. Furthermore, Alcian blue and colloidal iron stains predominantly detected Trichosporon. Electron microscopy after staining with diluted PAM demonstrated that Trichosporon has a variety of hyphal sizes and laminar deposition of rough silver granules, whereas Candida has uniform pseudohyphae and fine granules. The average diameter and population area of the granules were significantly higher in Trichosporon compared with Candida (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the laminar structure was preserved in the cell walls of Trichosporon without silver stains, whereas a low-density structure was observed in Candida. Histopathological staining patterns and electron microscopic findings can facilitate the diagnosis of trichosporonosis.
    Histopathology 02/2010; 56(3):372-83. · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Paragangliomas are rare tumors arising from the chromaffin cells in the autonomic nervous system. While they both occur most frequently along the paraaortic chain, paraganglioma and ovarian carcinoma very rarely occur together. A 61-year-old, post-menopausal woman visited our hospital, with complaints of abdominal pain and genital bleeding. Image analysis showed a 21 x 18 x 10 cm ovarian mass, and a 38 mm tumor at the paraaortic lesion. First, she underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Serous papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the left ovary was found, and so a second surgery was performed. The paraaortic tumor was completely eliminated in spite of fluctuating blood pressure intraoperatively. Microscopic examination revealed that the paraaortic tumor was paraganglioma. She was ultimately diagnosed as having ovarian carcinoma stage Ia (FIGO) with coincident paraganglioma. If blood pressure fluctuation is observed during dissection of the paraaortic lymph node, paraganglioma should be suspected and blood pressure must be carefully controlled.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 02/2010; 36(1):204-8. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A case of extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (ESMC), which developed in the right thigh of a middle-aged Japanese woman, was studied using immunohistochemistry, conventional electron microscopy, and the quick-freezing and deep-etching (QF-DE) method. In addition to typical light microscopic findings of ESMC, conventional electron microscopy indicated that the tumor cells had features of chondrocytes. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells showed a positive immunoreaction for S100 protein. A diagnosis of ESMC was made. An interesting observation was the ultrastructural features of collagen fibrils in the myxoid matrix highlighted by the QF-DE method. These collagen fibrils consisted of relatively thin collagen (20-35 nm) with pleated surface structures. The surface striation at 65 nm was obscure. We consider that such a finding of collagen fibrils identified by the QF-DE method is one of the characteristics of the myxoid matrix of ESMC, and this is useful for the differential diagnosis of myxoid soft tissue tumors.
    Medical Molecular Morphology 09/2009; 42(3):180-4. · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A middle-aged Japanese woman visited the Orthopedics Department of Nihon University Nerima Hikarigaoka Hospital complaining of pain in the left hip joint that had started approximately 8 months earlier. Following several examinations, including imaging diagnoses, an incisional biopsy demonstrated a malignant acetabular bone tumor, which was removed and examined by a quick-freezing and deep-etching (QF-DE) method, conventional electron microscopy, and light microscopy. Histologically, the tumor was a chondrosarcoma with marked myxoid changes. An interesting extracellular matrix was observed by the QF-DE method. The myxoid area consisted of a fine meshwork of proteoglycans (PG) without obvious aggrecans, which resembled that of PG usually present in the pericellular matrix of normal cartilage. Thin collagen fibrils with pleated surface structures of regular periodicity were also seen, which were sparsely distributed in wide areas except for the pericellular matrix. These collagen fibrils were of the type that are mainly located in the pericellular side of the territorial matrix in normal cartilage. A myxoid matrix consisting of thin collagen fibrils on the background of pericellular type PG suggested that the myxoid matrix in the chondrosarcoma resembled those of the pericellular and pericellular sides of the territorial matrices in normal cartilage.
    Ultrastructural Pathology 07/2009; 31(4):293-302. · 0.98 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

644 Citations
151.32 Total Impact Points


  • 1992–2013
    • Nihon University
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan
  • 2004
    • University of Hamburg
      • Department of Legal Medicine
      Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • 1995
    • Surugadai University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan