Yoon Hee Chung

Hallym University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (85)201.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate among gynecological malignancies due to high chemoresistance to the combination of platinum with taxane. Immunotherapy against ovarian cancer is a promising strategy to develop from animal-based cancer research. We investigated changes in the immunogenicity of paclitaxel-exposed ovarian cancer cells following exposure to other chemotherapeutic drugs. Murine ovarian surface epithelial cells (MOSECs) showed some resistance to paclitaxel, a first-line therapy for ovarian cancer. However, MOSECs pre-exposed to paclitaxel died through apoptosis after incubation with doxorubicin or cisplatin for 2 h. Injected into mice, the paclitaxel-exposed MOSECs post-treated with doxorubicin induced more MOSEC-specific CD4+ T cells and extended survival for a greater time than MOSECs treated with paclitaxel alone; and bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) expressed higher levels of co-stimulatory molecules and produced IL-12 after co-culture with paclitaxel-exposed MOSECs treated with doxorubicin. We also observed that in paclitaxel-exposed MOSECs treated with doxorubicin, but not cisplatin, the expression of MyD88 and related target proteins decreased compared to paclitaxel-exposed MOSECs only, while in BMDCs co-cultured with these MOSECs the expression of myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (MyD88) increased. These findings suggest that paclitaxel pre-exposed cancer cells treated with doxorubicin can induce significant apoptosis and a therapeutic antitumor immune response in advanced ovarian cancer.
    International Journal of Oncology 02/2014; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A sensitive and rapid method for quantitation of bepotastine in human plasma has been established using ultra performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS). Valsartan was used as an internal standard. Bepotastine and internal standard in plasma sample were extracted using ethylacetate (liquid-liquid extraction). A centrifuged upper layer was then evaporated and reconstituted with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-5 mM ammonium formate (pH 3.5) (85:15, v/v). The reconstituted samples were injected into a phenyl column. Using MS/MS in the multiple reaction monitoring mode, bepotastine and valsartan were detected without severe interference from human plasma matrix. Bepotastine produced a protonated precursor ion ([M+H](+)) at m/z 389 and a corresponding product ion at m/z 167. And the internal standard produced a protonated precursor ion ([M+H](+)) at m/z 436 and a corresponding product ion at m/z 291. Detection of bepotastine in human plasma by the UPLC-ESI-MS/MS method was accurate and precise with a quantitation limit of 0.2 ng/mL. The validation, reproducibility, stability and recovery of the method were evaluated. The method has been successfully applied to pharmacokinetic studies of bepotastine in human plasma.
    Journal of chromatographic science 09/2013; · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Injection of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and deoxycholic acid (DA) preparation is widely used as an alternative to liposuction for the reduction of subcutaneous fat. Nevertheless, its physiological effects and mechanism of action are not yet fully understood. In this report, PC and deoxycholic acid (DA) were respectively injected into adipose tissue. PC decreased tissue mass on day 7, but DA did not. On the other hand, a decrement of DNA mass was observed only in DA-injected tissue on day 7. Both PC and DA reduced the mRNA expression of adipose tissue hormones, such as adiponectin, leptin, and resistin. In lipolysisrelated gene expression profiles, PC increased hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) transcription and decreased the expression other lipases, perilipin, and the lipogenic marker peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ); DA treatment diminished them all, including HSL. Meanwhile, the gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and a chemokine was greatly elevated in both PC-injected and DA-injected adipose tissue. Microscopic observation showed that PC induced lipolysis with mild PMN infiltration on day 7. However, DA treatment did not induce lipolysis but induced much amount of PMN infiltration. In conclusion, PC alone might induce lipolysis in adipose tissue, whereas DC alone might induce tissue damage.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 07/2013; · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to develop a sensitive and rapid method for the quantitation of risedronate in human urine using ultra-performance liquid chromatography with ultra-violet detector (UPLC-UV) and to compare bioavailability parameter of 5, 35 and 150 mg risedronate. The mobile phase consisted of sodium phosphate buffer, 1 mM etidronate-acetonitrile (95:5, v/v), pH 9.0, and was pumped at a flow rate of 0.3 mL/min. Detection of risedronate in human urine by the UPLC-UV was accurate and precise from 20 ng/mL to 5 μg/mL (a correlation coefficient of 0.99) with 97.16% in mean recovery. The intra-day accuracy was 89.17-110.43% with precision of 0.04-3.16% and the inter-day accuracy was 89.23-110.19% with precision of 1.63-9.72%. Aet (accumulated excretion amount) of risedronate in the urine after 5, 35 and 150 mg administration was 35.08, 246.67 and 1.413.85 μg within 36 h and Umax (maximal excretion rate) was 12.11, 77.7 and 374.24 μg/h, respectively. The assessed dose proportionality of Umax and Aet with three single doses of risedronate was found in an approximately linear manner. These results indicate that the developed simple, rapid and robust assay enables the complete processing of large samples for pharmacokinetic studies of risedronate in biological fluid.
    Journal of chromatographic science 07/2013; · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Platelet-activating factor (PAF), a potent mediator of inflammatory and immune responses, plays various roles in neuronal functions. However, little is known about the role of PAF/platelet-activating factor receptor (PAF-R) in Parkinson's disease. Treatment with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) resulted in significant increases in PAF species in the striatum of wild-type mice. These increases paralleled PAF-R gene expression in wild-type mice. Although nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) DNA-binding activity was increased significantly in MPTP-treated wild-type mice, this increase was not significant in PAF-R antagonist ginkgolide B (GB)-treated mice or PAF-R knockout (PAF-R(-/-)) mice. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an NF-κB inhibitor, significantly ameliorated the dopaminergic deficits induced by MPTP in wild-type mice. MPTP treatment significantly increased oxidative damage, the immunoreactivity of ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba-1)-positive microglial cells, and microglial differentiation of the M1 type in the striatum of wild-type mice. Consistently, PDTC significantly attenuated MPTP-induced behavioral impairments in wild-type mice. However, dopaminergic deficits, oxidative damage, reactive microglial cells, and behavioral impairments induced by MPTP were not significantly observed in GB-treated mice or PAF-R(-/-) mice. PDTC did not significantly alter the attenuations evident in MPTP-treated PAF-R(-/-) mice, indicating that NF-κB is a critical target for neurotoxic modulation of PAF-R. We propose for the first time that PAF/PAF-R can mediate dopaminergic degeneration via an NF-κB-dependent signaling process.
    Neurochemistry International 06/2013; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Soybean polyunsaturated phosphatidylcholine (PC) is thought to exert anti-inflammatory activities and has potent effects in attenuating acute renal failure and liver dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of PC in protecting multiple organ injury (MOI) from lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Six groups of rats (N=8) were used in this study. Three groups acted as controls and received only saline, hydrocortisone (HC, 6 mg/kg, i.v.) or PC (600 mg/kg, i.p.) without LPS (15 mg/kg, i.p.) injections. Other 3 groups, as the test groups, were administered saline, HC or PC in the presence of LPS. Six hours after the LPS injection, blood and organs (lung, liver and kidney) were collected from each group to measure inflammatory cytokines and perform histopathology and myeloperoxidase (MPO) assessment. Serum cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10) and MPO activities were significantly increased, and significant histopathological changes in the organs were observed by LPS challenge. These findings were significantly attenuated by PC or HC. The treatment with PC or HC resulted in a significant attenuation on the increase in serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6, pro-inflammatory cytokines, while neither PC nor HC significantly attenuated serum levels of IL-10, anti-inflammatory cytokine. In the organs, the enhanced infiltration of neutrophils and expression of ED2 positive macrophage were attenuated by PC or HC. Inductions of MPO activity were also significantly attenuated by PC or HC. From the findings, we suggest that PC may be a functional material for its use as an anti-inflammatory agent.
    Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 06/2013; 17(3):209-16. · 1.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although cisplatin is widely used in the treatment of cancers, clinical use of cisplatin is limited due to its nephrotoxicity. Pathophysiological mechanism of cisplatin-induced renal toxicity is a complex process and has not been fully understand. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress have been presumed to be involved in this damage process. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) has antioxidant effect and prevents oxidative stress. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate potential protective effects of PC on cisplatin-induced renal damage in rat. We examined the protective effects of PC on cisplatin-induced renal damage by assessment of serum creatinine, BUN, lipid peroxidation, total glutathione, glutathione peroxidase activity, catalase activity, superoxide dismutase activity and histophathological changes. PC ameliorated cisplatin-induced increases in serum creatinine, urea and oxidative stress. PC also decreased tubular degeneration and hypertrophy of glomeruli. PC may have a protective effect against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats via enhancing antioxidant enzyme activity.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 05/2013; · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: Phragmites rhizoma was reported to have anti-oxidative and free radical scavenging activity. It also has been traditionally used to suppress inflammation. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the topical effects of the polysaccharide-rich extract of Phragmites rhizoma (PEP) on atopic dermatitis. MAIN METHODS: We induced AD-like skin lesions by an extract of the house-dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae (Dfb) in NC/Nga mice, and then performed macroscopic analysis, immunohistochemical staining and measurement of total serum IgE and cytokine production by ELISA. KEY FINDINGS: Topically applied PEP suppressed dermatitis with a decrease in dermatitis score and scratch number. The histological manifestations of atopic skin lesions including thickened epidermis and increased numbers of mast cells, polymorphonuclear leukocytes and nerve fibers were significantly attenuated. The activation of IgE and the levels of cytokines such as IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-10 were also decreased. SIGNIFICANCE: Our results indicated that PEP might have an inhibitory effect on atopic dermatitis-like lesion and be a promising natural resource in the treatment of atopic dermatitis.
    Life sciences 03/2013; · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that interleukin (IL)-6 deficiency potentiates trimethyltin (TMT)-induced convulsive neurotoxicity. The purpose in this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism by which cytokines affect TMT-induced cognitive impairment. To accomplish this, we examined hippocampal changes in Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling in relation to cholinergic parameters after TMT treatment in mice genetically deficient in IL-6 (IL-6(-/-)), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α(-/-)), or interferon-γ (IFN-γ(-/-)). The IL-6(-/-) mice were the most susceptible to TMT-induced cognitive dysfunction and exhibited significant decreases in JAK2/STAT3 signaling and M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) expression, as well as other cholinergic parameters, compared with wild-type (WT) animals. Recombinant IL-6 protein (rIL-6) significantly attenuated these impairments in TMT-treated IL-6(-/-) mice, whereas an IL-6 receptor antibody potentiated these impairments in TMT-treated WT animals. Inhibition of JAK2 with AG490 or inhibition of cholinergic signaling with the M1 mAChR antagonist dicyclomine counteracted the attenuating effects of rIL-6 on phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) expression, or on cognitive impairment in TMT-treated IL-6(-/-) mice. However, neither AG490 nor dicyclomine significantly attenuated effects of rIL-6 on acetylcholinesterase values. Our results suggest that activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling and upregulation of the M1 mAChR are essential components of IL-6-mediated memory improvement against TMT toxicity.
    Cellular signalling 03/2013; · 4.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported cognitive dysfunction in klotho mutant mice. In the present study, we further examined novel mechanisms involved in cognitive impairment in these mice. Significantly decreased janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription3 (STAT3) phosphorylation were observed in the hippocampus of klotho mutant mice. A selective decrease in protein expression and binding density of the M1 muscarinic cholinergic receptor (M1 mAChR) was observed in these mice. Cholinergic parameters [i.e., acetylcholine (ACh), choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE)] and NMDAR dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) were significantly impaired in klotho mutant mice. McN-A-343 (McN), an M1 mAChR agonist, significantly attenuated these impairments. AG490 (AG), a JAK2 inhibitor, counteracted the attenuating effects of McN, although AG did not significantly alter the McN-induced effect on AChE. Furthermore, AG significantly inhibited the attenuating effects of McN on decreased NMDAR-dependent LTP, protein kinase C (PKC) βII, p-ERK, p-CREB, BDNF, and p-JAK2/p-STAT3-expression in klotho mutant mice. In addition, k252a, a BDNF receptor tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) inhibitor, significantly counteracted McN effects on decreased ChAT, ACh, and M1 mAChR and p-JAK2/p-STAT3 expression. McN-induced effects on cognitive impairment in klotho mutant mice were consistently counteracted by either AG or k252a. Our results suggest that inactivation of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling axis and M1 mAChR down-regulation play a critical role in cognitive impairment observed in klotho mutant mice.Neuropsychopharmacology accepted article preview online, 6 February 2013; doi:10.1038/npp.2013.39.
    Neuropsychopharmacology: official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 02/2013; · 6.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Momordicae Semen, Momordica cochinchinensis Springer (Cucurbitaceae), has long been known to effectively relieve boils, rheumatic pain, and hemorrhoids. In this study, we investigated whether Momordicae Semen extract (MSE) has anti-gastritis effects in various rodent models and also explored possible mechanisms for the gastroprotective effects of MSE. MSE provided remarkable protective effects, comparable to those of rebamipide, in ethanol- and diclofenac-induced acute gastritis. In addition, it has demonstrated protective effect in a Helicobacter pylori-insulted chronic gastritis model. MSE also showed wound healing effect on cutaneous injury of mice and stimulated calcitonin gene-related peptide and somatostatin receptors, which may be related to its anti-gastritis effects. In a single oral dose toxicity study, the approximate lethal dose of MSE was determined at >2000 mg/kg/day. The NOAEL was set to be 2000 mg/kg/day from the repeated oral dose toxicity study. Moreover, momordica saponin I, a major ingredient of MSE, treatment decreased gastric mucosa damage indices in the ethanol- and diclofenac-induced acute gastritis models. The results suggest that MSE could be a promising gastroprotective herbal medicine and momordica saponin I might be used as an active marker compound for MSE.
    Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology 08/2012; · 1.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our previous study has shown that an extremely low-frequency magnetic field (ELF-MF) induces nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by Ca(2+) -dependent NO synthase (NOS) in rat brain. The present study was designed to confirm that ELF-MF affects neuronal NOS (nNOS) in several brain regions and to investigate the correlation between NO and nNOS activation. The exposure of rats to a 2 mT, 60 Hz ELF-MF for 5 days resulted in increases of NO levels in parallel with cGMP elevations in the cerebral cortex, striatum, and hippocampus. Cresyl violet staining and electron microscopic evaluation revealed that there were no significant differences in the morphology and number of neurons in the cerebral cortex, striatum, and hippocampus. Differently, the numbers of nNOS-immunoreactive (IR) neurons were significantly increased in those cerebral areas in ELF-MF-exposed rats. These data suggest that the increase in NO could be due to the increased expression and activation of nNOS in cells. Based on NO signaling in physiological and pathological states, ELF-MF created by electric power systems may induce various physiological changes in modern life. Bioelectromagnetics 33:568-574, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Bioelectromagnetics 04/2012; 33(7):568-74. · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the role of cytokines in trimethyltin (TMT)-induced convulsive neurotoxicity. Evaluation of TNF-α, interferon-γ, and interleukin (IL)-6 knockout (-/-) mice showed that the IL-6(-/-) mice had the greatest susceptibility to TMT-induced seizures. In both wild-type and IL-6(-/-) mice, TMT treatment increased glutathione oxidation, lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation, and levels of reactive oxygen species in the hippocampus. These effects were more pronounced in the IL-6(-/-) mice than in wild-type controls. In addition, the ability of TMT to induce nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and upregulation of heme oxygenase-1 and γ-glutamylcysteine ligase was significantly decreased in IL-6(-/-) mice. Treatment of IL-6(-/-) mice with recombinant IL-6 protein (rIL-6) restored these effects of TMT. Treatment with rIL-6 also significantly attenuated the TMT-induced inhibition of phosphoinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling, thereby increasing phosphorylation of Bad (Bcl-xL/Bcl-2-associated death promoter protein), expression of Bcl-xL and Bcl-2, and the interaction between p-Bad and 14-3-3 protein and decreasing Bax expression and caspase-3 cleavage. Furthermore, in IL-6(-/-) mice, rIL-6 provided significant protection against TMT-induced neuronal degeneration; this effect of rIL-6 was counteracted by the PI3K inhibitor LY294002. These results suggest that activation of Nrf2-dependent glutathione homeostasis and PI3K/Akt signaling is required for the neuroprotective effects of IL-6 against TMT.
    Free radical biology & medicine 04/2012; 52(7):1159-74. · 5.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dextromethorphan (DM) is a well-known antitussive dextrorotatory morphinan. We and others have demonstrated that sigma (σ) receptors may be important for DM-mediated neuromodulation. Because an earlier report suggested that DM might affect sexual function and that σ receptor ligands affect signaling pathways in the periphery, we examined whether DM-induced psychotoxic burden affected male reproductive function. We observed that DM had a high affinity at σ-1 receptors in the brain and testis but relatively low affinity at σ-2 receptors. Prolonged treatment with DM resulted in conditioned place preference and hyperlocomotion, followed by an increase in Fos-related antigen expression in the nucleus accumbens in male mice. Simultaneously, DM induced significant reductions in gonadotropin-releasing-hormone immunoreactivity in the hypothalamus. Moreover, we observed that DM induced increased sperm abnormalities and decreased sperm viability and sexual behavior. These phenomena were significantly attenuated by combined treatment with BD1047, a σ-1 receptor antagonist, but not by SM-21, a σ-2 receptor antagonist. Thus, these results suggest that DM psychotoxicity might lead to reproductive stress in male mice by activating σ-1 receptors.
    Neurochemistry International 02/2012; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Owing to the poor prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer, new treatment strategies immediately need to be developed. Although several immunotherapeutic approaches have been examined for the treatment of advanced stage ovarian cancer, their implementation in clinical practice remains low. We previously showed doxorubicin-treated murine ovarian cancer cells [murine ovarian surface epithelial cells (MOSECs)] are able to deliver drug to adjacent cells in vivo to eradicate tumor cells. In this study, we hypothesized that irradiated tumor cell treated with anticancer drugs may kill other cancer cell by cell to cell contact and also by generating antitumor immune responses. The MOSECs treated with anticancer drugs (doxorubicin and cisplatin) died through apoptosis, and this was increased in accordance with the dose of drug. The cleaved caspase-3 expression was significantly increased in the MOSECs coexposed with doxorubicin and cisplatin. Anticancer drug-treated MOSECs generated MOSEC-specific CD4 T-cell immune responses. Bone marrow-derived dendritic cells expressed upregulated IL-12p40 mRNA but IL-6 and IL-10 mRNA downregulated after coculture with MOSECs cotreated with doxorubicin and cisplatin. Furthermore, the mice vaccinated with MOSECs cotreated with doxorubicin and cisplatin had enhanced antitumor immunity and prolonged survival. We also observed that CD4 T cells and natural killer cells are essential for the antitumor immunity generated by vaccination with anticancer drug-loaded MOSECs. These findings suggest that irradiated MOSECs treated with anticancer drugs could be a new immune-therapeutic strategy against advanced ovarian cancers.
    Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md.: 1997) 11/2011; 35(1):1-13. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) has been successfully used for correcting renal anemia. However, recent studies have raised some concerns about the safety of rhEPO treatment due to its immunogenic side effect - pure red cell aplasia (PRCA). We now report a case of development of anti-EPO neutralizing antibodies (Abs) implicated in thrombocytopenia as well as erythrocytopenia. A 35-year-old man had a history of administering rhEPO (epoetin alfa, epoetin beta and darbepoetin alfa) for 2years to treat renal anemia. The hematological parameters were collected. Anti-EPO, anti-platelet, and anti-thrombopoietin (TPO) Ab assays were performed to test the presence of autoreactive Abs. After performing antibody assays due to severe resistance to rhEPO treatment, a high titer of anti-EPO neutralizing Abs was detected. However, unexpectedly, this patient also showed thrombocytopenia rather than PRCA. We investigated the cause of the marked thrombocytopenia and found anti-TPO Abs in patient serum. To our best knowledge, this is the first report of the development of anti-TPO Abs during rhEPO treatment for anemia.
    International immunopharmacology 10/2011; 11(12):2237-41. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress resulting from excessive free-radical release is likely implicated in the initiation and progression of epilepsy. Therefore, antioxidant therapies aimed at reducing oxidative stress have received considerable attention in epilepsy treatment. However, much evidence suggests that oxidative stress does not always have the same pattern in all seizures models. Thus, this review provides an overview aimed at achieving a better understanding of this issue. We summarize work regarding seizure models (i.e., genetic rat models, kainic acid, pilocarpine, pentylenetetrazol, and trimethyltin), oxidative stress as an etiologic factor in epileptic seizures (i.e., impairment of antioxidant systems, mitochondrial dysfunction, involvement of redox-active metals, arachidonic acid pathway activation, and aging), and antioxidant strategies for seizure treatment. Combined, this review highlights pharmacological mechanisms associated with oxidative stress in epileptic seizures and the potential for neuroprotection in epilepsy that targets oxidative stress and is supported by effective antioxidant treatment.
    Neurochemistry International 06/2011; 59(2):122-37. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane proteins (Omps) have an important role in pathogenesis and signal reception. We previously reported that Acinetobacter OmpA (AbOmpA) induced maturation of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) and that AbOmpA-primed DCs produced IL-12 which generated Th1 CD4(+) T-cells. We analyzed the effects of Salmonella typhimurium OmpA (OmpA-Sal) on dendritic cell (DC) maturation in the present study, and determined that tumor antigen-pulsed DCs stimulated with OmpA-Sal induced anti-tumor responses in a mouse model. OmpA-Sal activated BMDCs by augmenting expression of MHC class II and of the co-stimulatory molecules CD80 and CD86. RT-PCR revealed that IL-12(p40) gene expression is highly augmented in OmpA-Sal-stimulated BMDCs. DNA (CRT/E7) vaccination combined with OmpA-Sal stimulation generated more antigen-specific CD8(+) T-cells in the present study. Certain antigen-pulsed BMDCs stimulated with OmpA-Sal induced strong PADRE-specific CD4(+) and E7-specific CD8(+) T-cell responses. In addition, BMDCs stimulated with OmpA-Sal (OmpA-Sal-BMDCs) and pulsed with both E7 and PADRE peptide generated greater numbers of E7-specific CD8(+) effector and memory T-cells than those pulsed with E7 peptide alone. E7- and PADRE-expressing OmpA-Sal-BMDC vaccines resulted in significant long-term protective anti-tumor effects in vaccinated mice. Our data suggested that E7- and PADRE-expressing BMDCs that were matured in the presence of OmpA-Sal might enhance anti-tumor immunity and support the therapeutic use of OmpA-Sal in DC-based immunotherapy.
    Vaccine 01/2011; 29(13):2400-10. · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The requirement for CD4 T cells in priming and maintaining cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses presents a long-standing paradox in cellular immunology. In this study, we used sequential coadministration of a DNA vaccine encoding an invariant (Ii) chain in which the class II-associated Ii-peptide region is replaced with CD4 T-helper epitope, PADRE [Pan human leukocyte antigen-DR reactive epitope (Ii-PADRE)] or Bcl-xL with a DNA vaccine encoding Sig/E7/LAMP-1 to verify the role of CD4 T cells for the generation of effectors and memory E7-specific CD8 T-cell immune responses. Sequential vaccination, with Ii-PADRE+Sig/E7/LAMP-1 priming followed by Bcl-xL+Sig/E7/LAMP-1 boosting led to generation of E7-specific CD8 T cells, and was nearly equivalent in effect to coadministration with Ii-PADRE+Sig/E7/LAMP-1 or Bcl-xL+Sig/E7/LAMP-1 at both prime and boost. The mice vaccinated with the Ii-PADRE+Sig/E7/LAMP-1 prime-Bcl-xL+Sig/E7/LAMP-1 boost regimen exhibited better long-term E7-specific immune responses and tumor prevention effects in vivo than the mice vaccinated with the reverse sequential coadministration. After CD4 T-cell depletion, mice primed with Ii-PADRE+Sig/E7/LAMP-1 generated low numbers of E7-specific CD8 T cells and suppressed long-term memory CD8 T-cell response regardless of the sequence or combination of DNA vaccines administered. Mice primed with Bcl-xL+Sig/E7/LAMP-1 only suppressed long-term memory CD8 T-cell response after depletion of CD4 T cells before priming. Our findings suggest that activated CD4 T cells at prime phase are important to generate the antigen-specific CD8 T-cell immune responses and CD4 T cells, which are naive or activated, play a role to maintain the long-term memory responses.
    Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md.: 1997) 06/2010; 33(5):510-22. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nitric Oxide (NO) actively participates in the regulation of neuronal intracellular Ca(2+) levels by modulating the activity of various channels and receptors. To test the possibility that modulation of Ca(2+) buffer protein expression level by NO participates in this regulatory effect, we examined expression of calbindin-D28k, calretinin, and parvalbumin in the cerebellum of neuronal NO synthase knock-out (nNOS((-/-))) mice using immunohistochemistry. We observed that in the cerebellar cortex of the nNOS((-/-)) mice, expression of calbindin-D28k and parvalbumin were significantly increased while expression of calretinin was significantly decreased. These results suggest another mechanism by which NO can participate in the regulation of Ca(2+) homeostasis.
    Anatomy & cell biology 03/2010; 43(1):64-71.

Publication Stats

676 Citations
126 Downloads
201.65 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Hallym University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2013
    • Chung-Ang University
      • College of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009–2012
    • Kangwon National University
      • College of Pharmacy
      South Korea
  • 2004–2010
    • Chung-Ang University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2000–2009
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Neurology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007
    • Soonchunhyang University
      • College of Medicine
      Asan, South Chungcheong, South Korea
    • Dankook University Hospital
      Anjŏ, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2005–2006
    • Hanseo University
      Kōjō, South Chungcheong, South Korea
    • Dongnam Health College
      Suigen, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2004–2005
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2000–2004
    • Seoul National University
      • Department of Anatomy
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea