Eun Kyung Cho

Soonchunhyang University, Onyang, South Chungcheong, South Korea

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Publications (104)217.39 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of metabolic tumor volume (MTV) measured by (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab-containing immunochemotherapy.
    Nuclear medicine and molecular imaging. 09/2014; 48(3):187-95.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the current study is to evaluate the prognostic value of anemia, an easy to estimate parameter in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP) immunochemotherapy. A total of 157 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL treated with ≥ 1 cycle of R-CHOP were included. Hemoglobin level without red cell transfusion within seven days before initiation of treatment was chosen as a parameter of baseline cancer-induced anemia (CIA). To investigate the clinical significance of chemotherapy-induced anemia (CTIA) and its recovery after completion of treatment, 87 patients in complete remission for ≥ 6 months from the time of the last cycle of R-CHOP were grouped and analyzed separately. Patients with a CIA of hemoglobin < 10 g/dL showed inferior event-free and disease-free survival compared to those with hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL. This finding was observed irrespective of the status of pre-treatment bone marrow involvement. In multivariate analysis, hemoglobin < 10 g/dL was found to be an international prognostic index-independent prognostic factor. Risk of relapse was significantly higher for patients who were still anemic at six months after R-CHOP, compared to those who achieved complete recovery from CTIA within six months.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Science 09/2014; · 3.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction In patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the predictive value of rare epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 mutations in determining a patient's response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment is unclear. Patients and Methods We reviewed data for NSCLC patients harboring EGFR exon 20 mutations from two hospitals in Korea. EGFR mutations were analyzed using directional sequencing. Results We identified eight patients carrying EGFR exon 20 mutations, seven of whom had insertional mutations. Three patients carried previously unreported insertional mutations. Among six patients who were treated with EGFR TKI, one showed stable disease and three showed primary resistance. Response evaluations were not performed for the other two patients because of their clinical deterioration. Conclusions EGFR exon 20 insertional mutations, including three that were previously unreported, were associated with the poor response of patients to TKI treatment.
    Investigational New Drugs 08/2014; · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • The Breast Journal 07/2014; · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genexol-PM is a Cremorphor EL (CrEL)-free polymeric micelle formulation of paclitaxel that allows higher-dose administration with less hypersensitivity. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Genexol-PM and gemcitabine combination in advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients as a first-line treatment.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 06/2014; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to explore the association of Ki-67 and p53 expression with prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who underwent curative resection. We retrospectively identified 116 consecutive patients with stages I-III NSCLC who underwent curative resection at a single center from January 2007 to December 2012. Ki-67 and p53 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Data on clinicopathologic features and survival were collected retrospectively. Ki-67 expression in 109 samples and p53 expression in 115 patients were analyzed. According to the results, 108 patients (99 %) showed at least some expression of Ki-67. The median Ki-67 expression level was 30 %. Positive p53 expression was observed in 91 (79 %) patients. Higher Ki-67 expression (>40 %) was significantly more frequent in male (26 vs. 4 % in female, p = 0.002), ever-smoker (31 vs. 10 % in never-smoker, p = 0.024), and non-adenocarcinoma (30 vs. 11 % of adenocarcinoma, p = 0.012) patients. In univariable analysis, median disease-free survival (DFS) was shorter with higher Ki-67 expression (16.1 vs. 61.9 months in those with lower Ki-67 expression, p = 0.005), and p53 expression did not show an association with DFS. Among 42 patients with stage I NSCLC who did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy, DFS was significantly worse in patients with higher Ki-67 expression (2-year DFS rate 57 vs. 88 %, p = 0.018). In a Cox regression model, higher Ki-67 expression (>40 %) was a significant independent prognostic factor associated with poorer DFS (HR 2.9, 95 % CI 1.3-6.2) along with TNM stage and age. Higher Ki-67 expression (>40 %) showed an independent association with shorter DFS in NSCLC patients who underwent curative resection.
    Tumor Biology 04/2014; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract This study aimed at evaluating the role of routine imaging versus symptom-directed unplanned early out-patient department (OPD) visits in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in complete remission (CR) by analyzing the patterns and outcomes of OPD visits for disease monitoring. Patients with DLBCL in CR after treatment in the rituximab era with any OPD monitoring visit were analyzed. A total of 856 OPD visits were recorded: 501 visits were with routine imaging, 322 were without routine imaging, and 33 visits (3.9%) were unplanned early visits due to abnormal symptoms. Of the 106 analyzed patients, 15 experienced a relapse (median follow-up duration of 38.1 months). Routine imaging showed an unsatisfactory positive predictive value due to frequent false-positive visits, and a substantial number of patients with false-positive imaging underwent unnecessary biopsies or additional scans. Compared with planned OPD visits, unplanned early visits were highly related to relapse.
    Leukemia & lymphoma 01/2014; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes chronic liver diseases leading to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver failure. We have previously shown that HCV sensitizes hepatocytes to mitochondrial apoptosis via the TRAIL death receptors DR4 and DR5. Although TRAIL and its receptors are selective targets for cancer therapy, their potential against HCC with chronic HCV infection has not been explored yet. Here we show that HCV induces DR4/DR5-dependent activation of caspase-8 leading to elevation of apoptotic signaling in infected cells and also present TRAIL effect in HCV-induced apoptotic signaling. HCV induced proteolytic cleavage of caspase-9 by stimulating DR4 and DR5, resulting in subsequent cleavage of caspase-3. Further, HCV-induced proteolytic cleavage in caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-3 was enhanced in the presence of recombinant TRAIL. HCV-induced cleavage in caspase-9 and increase in caspase-3/7 activity was completely suppressed by silencing of either DR4 or DR5. Perturbing DR4/DR5-caspase-8 signaling complex by silencing DR4 and DR5 or by chemical inhibitor specific to caspase-8 led to decrease of HCV-induced cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a substrate for caspase-3 during apoptosis, indicating the functional role of caspase-8 in HCV-induced apoptotic signaling network. Furthermore, TRAIL enhanced PARP cleavage in apoptotic response induced by HCV infection, indicating the effect of TRAIL for the induction of selective apoptosis of HCC cells infected with HCV. Given the importance of apoptosis in HCC development, our data suggest that HCV-induced DR4 and DR5 may be considered as an attractive target for TRAIL therapy against HCC with chronic HCV infection.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e98171. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare CKD-810 (test docetaxel) with Taxotere(®) (reference docetaxel) in terms of pharmacokinetics and safety for patients with advanced or metastatic carcinoma. A randomized, open-label, two-way crossover study was conducted in eligible patients. Patients received with reference or test drugs of 75 mg/m(2) docetaxel by intravenous infusion for 60 min in the first period and the alternative drug in the second period with a washout of 3 weeks. Plasma concentrations of docetaxel were determined by validated high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry detection. Pharmacokinetic parameters, including the maximum plasma concentration (C max) and the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC), were determined by non-compartmental analysis. A total of 44 patients were included in the study, 21 patients received test drug and 23 received reference drug for the first cycle. The C max of docetaxel was 2,658.77 ng/mL for test drug and 2,827.60 ng/mL for reference drug, and two drugs showed no difference with a statistical significance. Time to reach C max (T max) of CKD-810 (0.94 h) versus reference docetaxel (0.97 h) was also not significantly different. Other pharmacokinetic parameters including the plasma AUC, elimination half-life, and total body clearance exhibited similar values without a significant difference. The most common grade 3 or 4 toxicity was neutropenia (CKD-810 19.5 or 29.3 %; reference docetaxel 14.6 or 41.5 %). Febrile neutropenia was experienced by only one patient in each group. Two patients died of progression of disease during the study. Docetaxel anhydrous CKD-810 use with patients suffering advanced or metastatic solid malignancies was equivalent to reference docetaxel in terms of pharmacokinetic parameters and safety profile. Additionally, the test and reference drug met the regulatory criteria for pharmacokinetic equivalence.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 12/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Docetaxel, in combination with cisplatin or oxaliplatin, has demonstrated efficacy in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). This randomized, non-comparative phase II trial evaluated two weekly docetaxel-based regimens to determine which is the most promising in terms of efficacy and safety as a front-line therapy in AGC. Chemotherapy-naïve patients with measurable unresectable and/or metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma were randomly assigned to receive docetaxel (35 mg/m(2)) weekly on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle plus either cisplatin (60 mg/m(2) on day 1) (wDP) or oxaliplatin (120 mg/m(2) on day 1) (wDO). Of the 77 randomly assigned patients, 76 patients (38 per arm) received one of the study treatments. Overall, response rate (ORR) was 37 % for wDP and 41 % for wDO. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.9 and 4.4 months for wDP and wDO, respectively, and median overall survival (OS) was 9.7 and 12.3 months, respectively. Exploratory analyses showed no significant difference between wDP and wDO in terms of ORR (P = 0.707), PFS (P = 0.324), or OS (P = 0.581). The main grade 3 or 4 toxicity in the wDP and wDO groups was neutropenia (47 % in both groups). wDO was less associated with nausea (66 vs. 82 %) and vomiting (39 vs. 63 %), but more associated with peripheral neuropathy (68 vs. 39 %) than wDP. Rates of overall grade 3 or 4 adverse events were similar (wDP 66 vs. wDO 68 %). wDP and wDO were found to be equally active and tolerable as front-line treatments in AGC.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 11/2013; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction can cause the development of collateral vessels. During contrast-enhanced thoracic computed tomography (CT), contrast material may reflux into the collaterals such as paravertebral venous plexus. However, an unusual pseudopathologic vertebral body enhancement on CT in the presence of SVC obstruction has not been studied previously. To demonstrate clinical presentation and imaging findings of pseudopathologic vertebral body enhancement in patients with SVC obstruction. Retrospective study of diagnostic CT images examined at our clinic. From March, 2009 to September, 2012, a retrospective radiologic database review was performed to identify patients with obstruction of SVC causing contrast reflux into collateral vessels and presented with an unusual vertebral body enhancement on thoracic CT. Thirteen patients (11 men, mean age 51.4 years) with vertebral body enhancement were enrolled. Enhancement patterns of vertebral bodies were classified as nodular enhancement with round shape occupying less than one-third of vertebral body or polygonal enhancement occupying greater than or equal to one-third of vertebral body on axial image. The locations of enhanced areas within vertebral bodies were described using right lateral/central/left lateral, anterior/posterior, and upper/middle/lower in the x-, y-, or z-axis directions, respectively. Enhancement patterns, locations, and the presence of a connection between vertebral body enhancement and the paravertebral venous plexus were evaluated. A total of 39 vertebral body enhancements were found in the 13 patients, involving cervical (n=12), thoracic (n=25), or lumbar (n=2) vertebrae. Vertebral body enhancements showed a nodular (n=19) or a polygonal (n=20) pattern. The central portions of vertebral bodies were more frequently involved. The connection to the paravertebral venous plexus was observed in 34 lesions (87.2%). Patients with SVC obstruction with extensive collateral vessels might exhibit a pseudopathologic vertebral enhancement. They tended to involve the central portion of the vertebral body, and most of them showed connection to the paravertebral venous plexus.
    The spine journal: official journal of the North American Spine Society 10/2013; · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This randomized, phase II study investigated whether benefit could be obtained by giving vandetanib, an oral inhibitor of vascular endothelial and epithelial growth factor receptor, as a maintenance treatment in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients were randomly assigned to either vandetanib or placebo after completion of 4 cycles of first-line chemotherapy. A progression-free survival (PFS) rate at 3 months was selected as the primary endpoint. We set a maximum PFS rate at 3 months to 30% (null hypothesis), and a minimum PFS rate at 3 months to 50% (alternative hypothesis). At the interim analysis, 9 of 24 patients in the vandetanib arm were progression-free at 3 months, whereas 7 of 24 in the placebo arm were progression-free. The placebo arm was closed at the first stage. The vandetanib arm proceeded to the second stage, and recruited a total of 75 patients. At the second stage, 28 out of 63 evaluable patients receiving vandetanib achieved PFS at 3 months. The alternative hypothesis that the PFS rate at 3 months is at least 50% was accepted. The median PFS was 2.7 months (95% CI, 1.9-4.4 months) in the vandetanib arm and 1.7 months (95% CI, 0.9-2.6 months) in the placebo arm. The most common adverse events in patients receiving vandetanib were rash (77.3%) and diarrhea (60.0%). Maintenance therapy with vandetanib for patients with NSCLC after standard platinum doublet chemotherapy is well tolerated and may prolong PFS compared with placebo, and needs additional investigation.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 09/2013; · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Baseline serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level is a well-known prognostic factor in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; however, its role beyond initial diagnosis has not yet been defined. Methods: This study was conducted as a retrospective analysis of patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with R-CHOP21, who had undergone regular checks for LDH during immunochemotherapy (n = 119) and during the posttreatment follow-up period after complete remission (CR; n = 100). The 119 patients were classified into 4 groups according to their baseline and change in LDH level during treatment, and an analysis of tumor response and survival was performed. The value of LDH as a predictor for relapse was evaluated among the patients with regular follow-up visits after achieving CR. Results: An increased LDH level during immunochemotherapy had no impact on tumor response or survival, and only the LDH status 'before' treatment was a prognostic marker. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of serum LDH for detecting relapse after CR were 47.4, 86.5, 9.3 and 98.3%, respectively. Conclusion: The measurement of LDH level beyond initial diagnosis has no clear benefit in predicting disease progression or relapse in patients with DLBCL treated with R-CHOP21.
    Acta Haematologica 08/2013; 130(4):305-311. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the use of chest computed tomography (CT) to predict breast tumor size in breast cancer, despite the fact that chest CT examinations are being increasingly used. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of chest CT for predicting breast tumor size using pathology measurements as reference standards. METHODS: Tumor sizes (defined as greatest diameter) were retrospectively measured on the preoperative chest CT images of 285 patients with surgically proven unifocal, invasive breast carcinoma. Greatest tumor diameters as determined by chest CT and pathologic examinations were compared by linear regression and Spearman's rho correlation analysis. Concordance between CT and pathology results was defined as a diameter difference of <5 mm. Subgroup analyses were also performed with respect to tumor size (<20 mm or >=20 mm) and histological subtype (invasive ductal carcinoma(IDC) or non-IDC). RESULTS: CT and pathology measured diameters were found to be linearly related (size at pathology = 1.086 x CT determined tumor size - 1.141; Spearman's rho correlation coefficient = 0.84, P<0.001). Most tumors (n = 228, 80.0%) were concordant by chest CT and pathology, but 36 tumors (12.7%) were underestimated by CT (average underestimation,11 mm; range, 6--36 mm) and 21 tumors (7.4%) were overestimated (average overestimation by CT,10 mm; range, 6--19 mm). The concordance rate between the two sets of measurements was greater for tumor of <20 mm and for IDC (P<0.001 and P = 0.011, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Tumor size by chest CT is well correlated with pathology determined tumor size in breast cancer patients, and the diameters of the majority of tumors by chest CT and pathology differed by <5 mm. In addition, the concordance rate was higher for breast tumors of <20 mm and for tumors of the IDC histologic subtype.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 06/2013; 11(1):130. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are fundamentally different procedures, a tailored approach to bacterial bloodstream infection (BSI) according to the type of HSCT has not yet been suggested. We evaluated the characteristics of BSI after HSCT, with a focus on comparison of BSIs between recipients of autologous HSCT (auto-HSCT) and allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT). Among 134 patients (59 received allo-HSCT and 75 received auto-HSCT) who underwent HSCT, BSIs were reported earlier in patients who underwent auto-HSCT, compared with those who underwent allo-HSCT (mean 12.1 ± 3.4 days versus 32.8 ± 27.1 days, P = .006). Among patients receiving allo-HSCT, postneutrophil-engraftment bacterial BSI showed an association with grade ≥2 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In patients who underwent auto-HSCT, results of multivariate analysis showed that not receiving prophylactic antibiotics (P = .004) and having elevated serum C-reactive protein (P = .034) were risk factors of BSI. Elevated CRP (P = .01) and acute GVHD ≥ grade 2 (P = .002) were independent risk factors in patients who underwent allo-HSCT. Those differences originated mainly from the impact of acute GVHD-related postengraftment BSIs of patients who underwent allo-HSCT. To establish the best defense strategy against BSI, the distinctive natures of bacterial BSI after HSCT between auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT should be considered.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 06/2013; 19(6):994–999. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    Dataset: JKMS2003
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    Eun Kyung Cho, Su Hee Kang, Young Ju Choi
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    ABSTRACT: SC092 strain, producing a polysaccharide degrading enzyme, was isolated from the seawater. This strain was identified as Microbulbifer sp. using the comparative sequence analysis against known 16S rRNA sequence. A polysaccharide degrading enzyme from this strain was used to acquire the enzymatic extracts of Sargassum fulvellum. DPPH radical scavenging and SOD activity of the enzyme extracts of S. fulvellum were about 61.9% and 82.9% at 2 mg/mL, respectively. Nitrite scavenging activities was 52.5% at 2 mg/mL on pH 1.2. In addition, -glucosidase inhibitory activity was also increased in a dose-dependent manner and was about 52.7% at 2 mg/mL. To determine the influence of enzyme extracts of S. fulvellum on alcohol metabolism, the generating activity of reduced-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) were measured. ADH and ALDH activities were 118.0% and 177% at 2 mg/mL, respectively. -glucosidase inhibitory activity of enzyme extracts of S. fulvellum was remarkably increased in a dose-dependent manner and was about 52.7% at 2 mg/mL. These results indicate alcoholizing and -glucosidase inhibitory activities can be enhanced by the enzymatic extracts of S. fulvellum.
    KSBB Journal. 01/2013; 28(6).
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of irinotecan (CPT-11) monotherapy and CPT-11 plus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin (LV) combination (mFOLFIRI) as second-line treatment in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). METHODS: A total of 59 patients were randomly assigned to either CPT-11 (150 mg/m(2) iv on day 1) or mFOLFIRI (CPT-11 150 mg/m(2) plus LV 20 mg/m(2) on day 1 followed by 5-FU 2,000 mg/m(2) over 48 h), every 2 weeks. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR). RESULTS: Following random assignment, 29 patients received CPT-11 and 30 patients mFOLFIRI. The ORR was 17.2 % [95 % confidence interval (CI) 3.4-30.9] and 20.0 % (95 % CI 5.6-34.3) for the CPT-11 and mFOLFIRI arms, respectively (P = 0.525). There was no significant difference in median progression-free survival: 2.2 months (95 % CI 0.2-4.3) for CPT-11 versus 3.0 months (95 % CI 2.0-3.7) for mFOLFIRI (P = 0.481) or in median overall survival: 5.8 months (95 % CI 3.0-8.7), compared with 6.7 months (95 % CI 5.3-8.2) (P = 0.514). Grade 3/4 toxicity was observed in 21 and 28 events in the CPT-11 and mFOLFIRI arms, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Although this study had a small sample size and limited statistical power, CPT-11 monotherapy and mFOLFIRI appear to be equally active and tolerable as second-line chemotherapy for AGC. The addition of 5-FU/LV to CPT-11 did not significantly improve efficacy.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 11/2012; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    Dataset: Supp Cancer

Publication Stats

659 Citations
217.39 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Soonchunhyang University
      • College of Medicine
      Onyang, South Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2013
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • School of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008–2013
    • Gachon University
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Pathology
      Seongnam, Gyeonggi, South Korea
    • Samsung Medical Center
      • Department of Hematology and Oncology
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007–2011
    • Silla University
      Tsau-liang-hai, Busan, South Korea
  • 2004–2010
    • Incheon St. Mary’s Hospital, Catholic Medical Center
      Bucheon, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
    • Sookmyung Women's University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2006
    • Seoul National University
      • Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2005
    • Hallym University
      • College of Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003
    • Ulsan University Hospital
      Urusan, Ulsan, South Korea
  • 2002
    • National Cancer Center Korea
      Kōyō, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 1998
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea