Xiaoya Hu

Yangzhou University, Chiang-tu, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (107)307.54 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bovine interferon gamma (BoIFN-γ) released by T cells plays very important roles in early diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infections and control of bovine tuberculosis. In this work, a label-free electrochemical impedance immunosensor is for the first time developed for highly sensitive determination of BoIFN-γ. Cylinder-shaped TiO2 nanorods are synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method, and show high surface area and good hydrophicility. The immunosensor is fabricated by the immobilization of BoIFN-γ monoclonal antibody on the TiO2 nanorods modified glassy carbon electrode. The prepared TiO2 and immunosensor are characterized using transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, contact angle measurement, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectra. The BoIFN-γ concentration is measured through the relative increase of impedance values in corresponding specific binding of BoIFN-γ antigen and BoIFN-γ antibody. The relative increased impedance values are proportional to the logarithmic value of BoIFN-γ concentrations in a wide range of 0.0001 to 0.1 ng/mL with a low detection limit of 0.1 pg/mL. The developed BoIFN-γ immunosensor shows a 249-fold decrease in detection limit in comparison with current enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This study provides a new, simple, and highly sensitive approach for very potential application in early diagnosis of MTB infections and control of bovine tuberculosis.
    Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 01/2015; 63:190–195.
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    ABSTRACT: An enzymatic procedure based on a catalase biosensor for the detection of forchlorfenuron (CPPU) has been reported in this work. Catalase was immobilized on boron nitride (BN) sheets dispersed in chitosan by adsorption. The immobilized catalase exhibited direct electron transfer character and excellent electrocatalytic activity towards H2O2 reduction. After introducing CPPU into the H2O2 containing phosphate buffer solution, the catalase-catalyzed H2O2 reduction current decreased. By measuring the current decrease, CPPU can be determined in the range of 0.5–10.0 µM with the detection limit of 0.07 μM. The non-competitive inhibition behavior of CPPU towards catalase was verified by the Lineweaver–Burk plots. Long stability character has been ascribed to this biosensor. Possible use of this biosensor in flow systems is illustrated. The proposed biosensor has been successfully applied to CPPU determination in fruits samples with satisfactory results.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 01/2015; 63:294–300. · 6.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metal-organic frameworks composite materials have received tremendous attention because of their versatile structures and tunable porosity for various applications. Herein, amino-functionalized metal-organic frameworks (NH2-Cu3(BTC)2; BTC=benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate) was prepared and used as a novel electrode modifier for the determination of trace levels of lead. NH2-Cu3(BTC)2 shows quite a good capability for the efficient adsorption of lead from aqueous solutions. The parameters affecting the electrochemical process, such as electrolyte solution pH, the amount of NH2-Cu3(BTC)2 suspension, accumulation potential and accumulation time, were investigated in detail. Under the optimal conditions, the electrochemical sensor exhibited a linear response to the concentration of lead in the range of 1.0×10(-8)-5.0×10(-7)molL(-1) (R(2)=0.9951) with a detection limit of 5.0×10(-9)molL(-1). The relative standard deviation of 11 successive scans was 3.10% for 1.0×10(-8)molL(-1) lead. The method was validated with certified reference material (stream sediment and milk powder) and the analytical results coincided well with the certified values. Furthermore, the method was successfully applied to the determination of target analytes in tap and lake water samples and good recoveries were obtained from different spiked values.
    Talanta 11/2014; 129:100–105. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, a novel chemically modified electrode is constructed based on metal-organic frameworks and β-cyclodextrin (Cu3(BTC)2/β-CD, BTC = benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate) composite material. The electrode was used for simultaneous determination of guanine and adenine in a sequential injection lab-on-valve format and exhibited sensitive responses to guanine and adenine oxidation due to the π-π stacking interaction of Cu3(BTC)2 and the inclusion behavior of β-CD. The analytical performance was assessed with respect to the supporting electrolyte and its pH, accumulation time and accumulation potential, and the fluid flow rates. Under optimal conditions, linear calibration ranges for both guanine and adenine were from 1.0 × 10(-7) to 1.0 × 10(-5) mol L(-1), and detection limits (S/N = 3) were found to be 5.2 × 10(-8) and 2.8 × 10(-8) mol L(-1), respectively. The proposed sensor showed advantages of high sensitivity, simple sample preparation protocol, enhanced throughput and good reproducibility. Finally, the practical application of the proposed sensor has been performed for the determination of guanine and adenine in real samples with satisfactory results.
    The Analyst 10/2014; · 4.23 Impact Factor
  • Sensors and Actuators B Chemical 10/2014; 201:274–280. · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: According to previous reports, the concentration of urinary proline (Pro), hydroxyproline (Hyp), and N-ethylglycine (Neg) varies in association with various diseases, especially, Neg as a tumor marker was recently found in association with bone metastasis cancers. We developed a low-cost, highly sensitive precolumn high–performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of Pro, Hyp, and Neg in urine of patients with cancers, bone metastasis cancers, and bone metastasis cancers that have appeared after radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment. The analytes in the urine were labeled with 4–methoxybenzenesulfonyl fluoride (MOBS–F) at 40°C. The derivatives were separated on a reversed-phase column by gradient elution and monitored with ultraviolet (UV) detection at 232 nm. The detection limits for Pro, Hyp, and Neg were 6.0 pmol/injection, 4.0 pmol/injection, and 50 pmol/injection (S/N = 3), respectively. To some extent, Neg levels in their urine show there were relevance to their health conditions or therapy progress. We believe that the developed method may be a promising measure for providing a useful reference to diagnose the illness and monitor the results for bone metastasis cancers after radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment.
    Journal of Liquid Chromatography &amp Related Technologies 07/2014; 37(12). · 0.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bovine interferon gamma (BoIFN-γ) released by T cells plays very important roles in early diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infections and control of bovine tuberculosis. In this work, a label-free electrochemical impedance immunosensor is for the first time developed for highly sensitive determination of BoIFN-γ. Cylinder-shaped TiO2 nanorods are synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method, and show high surface area and good hydrophicility. The immunosensor is fabricated by the immobilization of BoIFN-γ monoclonal antibody on the TiO2 nanorods modified glassy carbon electrode. The prepared TiO2 and immunosensor are characterized using transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, contact angle measurement, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectra. The BoIFN-γ concentration is measured through the relative increase of impedance values in corresponding specific binding of BoIFN-γ antigen and BoIFN-γ antibody. The relative increased impedance values are proportional to the logarithmic value of BoIFN-γ concentrations in a wide range of 0.0001 to 0.1ng/mL with a low detection limit of 0.1pg/mL. The developed BoIFN-γ immunosensor shows a 249-fold decrease in detection limit in comparison with current enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This study provides a new, simple, and highly sensitive approach for very potential application in early diagnosis of MTB infections and control of bovine tuberculosis.
    Biosensors & bioelectronics. 07/2014; 63C:190-195.
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    ABSTRACT: An electrochemical sensor based on a copolymer poly(4-vinylpyridine)-co-poly(acrylonitrile), P4VP-co-PAN, and Fe2O3 nanoparticle film modified glassy carbon electrode was developed for the determination of glucose. We studied the response of glucose with the proposed electrode, and determined the optimum conditions by changing the potential, pH and P4VP-co-PAN. The current response measurements were performed in PBS (c=0.1M) with a potential of 0.7V. The current response of this glucose sensor showed a linear relationship with the concentration in the range of 2.5μM-0.58mM (r=0.997). The experimental results demonstrate that this method has such merits as simple operation, low cost, high sensitivity, long term stability and good reproducibility, with satisfactory results.
    Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications. 02/2014; 35:420-5.
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    ABSTRACT: A novel solid-phase extraction sorbent, metal-organic frameworks and graphite oxide hybrid composite, was prepared by a solvothermal technique. The morphology and properties of the resultant material were examined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscopy. To evaluate the extraction performance of the resultant sorbent, luteolin was chosen as a model analyte. The extraction conditions were optimized. Based on these, a convenient and efficient solid-phase extraction procedure for the determination of luteolin was established and the subsequent quantification step was performed by square wave anodic stripping voltammetry. Under the optimal conditions, the oxidation current increased linearly with increasing the concentration of luteolin in the range of 5.0×10(-9)-5.0×10(-7)molL(-1) with a correlation coefficient of 0.9983 and a detection limit of 7.9×10(-10)molL(-1). The relative standard deviation of seven successive scans was 4.20% for 5.0×10(-8)molL(-1) luteolin. This work not only proposes a useful method for sample pretreatment, but also reveals the great potential of metal-organic frameworks based hybrid materials as an excellent sorbent in solid-phase extraction.
    Talanta 01/2014; 122:91–96. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biomorphic calcium phosphate (CaP) microspheres with hierarchical porous structure were synthesized using natural cole pollen grains as templates and were further employed for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed (a) the porous structure of the CaP microspheres, (b) the effective immobilization, and (c) the retention of the conformation of HRP on CaP. The immobilized HRP was placed on a glassy carbon electrode where it underwent a direct, fully reversible, and surface-controlled redox reaction with an electron transfer rate constant of 1.96 s−1. It also exhibits high sensitivity to the reduction of H2O2. The response to H2O2 is linear in the 5.00 nM to 1.27 μM concentration range, and the sensitivity is 30357 μA⋅mM−1⋅cm−2. The detection limit (at an SNR of 3) is as low as 1.30 nM. The apparent Michaelis–Menten constant (K M app ) of the immobilized enzyme is 0.92 μM. This new CaP with hierarchical porous structure therefore represents a material that can significantly promote the direct electron transfer between HRP and an electrode, and is quite attractive with respect to the construction of biosensors. FigureBiomorphic calcium phosphate microspheres with hierarchical porous has been synthesized using natural cole pollen grains as templates and were further employed for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase to construct biosensors with high sensitivity and selectivity.
    Microchimica Acta 01/2014; 181. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, a novel streptavidin functionalized graphene oxide/Au nanoparticles (streptavidin/GO/AuNPs) composite is prepared and for the first time used to construct sensitive chemiluminescent immunosensor for the detection of tumor marker. The streptavidin/GO/AuNPs composite and the immunosensor are characterized using scanning electron microscopy, static water contact angle measurement and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The biofunctionalized composite has large reactive surface area and excellent biocompatibility, thus the capture antibody can be efficiently immobilized on its surface based on the highly selective recognition of streptavidin to biotinylated antibody. Using α-fetoprotein (AFP) as a model, the proposed chemiluminescent immunosensor shows a wide linear range from 0.001 to 0.1ngmL(-1) with an extremely low detection limit down to 0.61pgmL(-1). The resulting AFP immunosensor shows high detection sensitivity, fast assay speed, acceptable detection and fabrication reproducibility, good specificity and stability. The assay results of serum samples with the proposed method are in an acceptable agreement with the reference values. This work provides a promising biofunctionalized nanostructure for sensitive biosensing applications.
    Analytica Chimica Acta. 01/2014; 839:67–73.
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    ABSTRACT: Nonelectroactive acetochlor can be indirectly determined through the photocatalytical degradation of acetochlor. A derivative visible light photoelectrochemical sensor for indirect detection of the herbicide acetochlor using TiO2-poly(3-hexylthiophene)-ionic liquid nanocomposite is constructed. Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) was synthesized via chemical oxidative polymerization with anhydrous FeCl3 as oxidant, 3-hexylthiophene as monomer, chloroform as solvent, and the functional TiO2 nanoparticles were facilely prepared by blending TiO2 nanoparticles and P3HT at room temperature ionic liquid, 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate solution. Operational parameters, including the photolysis time, ratios of TiO2 to P3HT, bias voltage and pH of buffer solution have been optimized. Under optimal conditions, the proposed photoelectrochemical method could detect acetochlor ranging from 0.5 to 20μmolL(-1) with a detection limit of 0.2nmolL(-1) at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. The assay results of acetochlor in water samples with the proposed method were in acceptable agreement with those of the gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) method. The promising sensor opens a new opportunity for fast, portable, and sensitive analysis of acetochlor in environmental samples.
    Talanta 01/2014; 127:169–174. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on label-free immunosensors for the highly sensitive detection of avian influenza virus. The method makes use of the microcantilevers of an atomic force microscope onto which monoclonal antibodies against avian influenza virus were covalently immobilized. The factors influencing the performance of the resulting immunosensors were optimized by measuring the deflections of the cantilever via optical reflection, and this resulted in low detection limits and a wide analytical range. The differential deflection signals revealed specific antigen binding and their intensity is proportional to the logarithm of the concentrations of the virus in solution. Under optimal conditions, the immunosensors exhibit a linear response in the 7.6 ng mL−1 to 76 μg mL−1 concentration range of avian influenza virus, and the detection limit is 1.9 ng mL−1. FigureLabel-free immunosensors based on microcantilevers of an atomic force microscope was fabricated by covalently immobilizing monoclonal antibodies to avian influenza virus onto the microcantilever. The performance and factors influencing the performance of the resulting immunosensors were investigated in detail by measuring the cantilever deflections using the optical reflection technique.
    Microchimica Acta 01/2014; 181. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 6-Benzylaminopurine (6-BA) is a kind of cytokinin which could regulate the activities of the antioxidant defense system of plants. In this work, its interaction with and inhibition of beef liver catalase have been systematically investigated using spectroscopic, isothermal titration calorimetric and molecular docking methods under physiological conditions. The fluorescence quenching of beef liver catalase (BLC) by 6-BA is due to the formation of 6-BA-BLC complex. Hydrogen bonds and van der Waals interactions play major roles in stabilizing the complex. The Stern-Volmer quenching constant, binding constant, the corresponding thermodynamic parameters and binding numbers were measured. The results of UV-vis absorption, three-dimensional fluorescence, synchronous fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopic results demonstrate that the binding of 6-BA results in the micro-environment change around tyrosine (Tyr) and tryptophan (Trp) residues of BLC. The BLC-mediated conversion of H2O2 to H2O and O2, in the presence and absence of 6-BA, was also studied. Lineweaver-Burk plot indicates a noncompetitive type of inhibition. Molecular docking study was used to find the binding sites.
    Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 12/2013; 123C:327-335. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A tetragonal columnar-shaped TiO2 (TCS-TiO2) nanorods are synthesized via a facile route for the immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOx). A novel electrochemical glucose biosensor is constructed based on the direct electrochemistry of GOx at TCS-TiO2 modified glassy carbon electrode. The fabricated biosensor is characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectra and cyclic voltammetry. The immobilized enzyme molecules on TCS-TiO2 nanorods retain its native structure and bioactivity and show a surface controlled, quasi-reversible and fast electron transfer process. The TCS-TiO2 nanorods have large surface area and provide a favorable microenvironment for enhancing the electron transfer between enzyme and electrode surface. The constructed glucose biosensor shows wide linear range from 5.0×10(-6) to 1.32×10(-3)M with a high sensitivity of 23.2mAM(-1)cm(-2). The detection limit is calculated to be 2.0×10(-6)M at signal-to-noise of 3. The proposed glucose biosensor also exhibits excellent selectivity, good reproducibility, and acceptable operational stability. Furthermore, the biosensor can be successfully applied in the detection of glucose in serum sample at the applied potential of -0.50V. The TCS-TiO2 nanorods provide an efficient and promising platform for the immobilization of proteins and development of excellent biosensors.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 11/2013; 54C:528-533. · 6.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this experiment, fenvalerate antibodies were immobilised on the electrode by the crosslinking with glutaraldehyde modified on the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) via chitosan. Fenvalerate was measured by the increase of electron transfer resistance when the immune reaction occurred with Fe(CN)6(3-)/Fe(CN)6(4-) as the probe. Under optimal conditions, the change of resistance is in a linear relationship with the logarithm of the concentration in the range of 1.0×10(-3)∼1.0×10(1)mg/L (R=0.998) with a detection limit of 0.80μg/L. This method bears such merits as simplicity of operation, high sensitivity, wide linear range, specificity, reproducibility and good stability. The immunosensor was applied in the detection of real samples of tea, achieving satisfactory results, and it could be regenerated after being placed alternately in 0.5mol/L HCl and 0.5mol/L NaOH solutions.
    Food Chemistry 11/2013; 141(1):84-90. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A sensitive and simple method using magnetic multi-walled carbon nanotubes, as an adsorbent, has been successfully developed for extraction and preconcentration trace amounts of Se(IV) with detection by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The prepared nanoparticles were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectra, X-ray diffraction spectrometry, vibrating sample magnetometry, and transmission electron microscopy. These magnetic nanocomposites can be easily dispersed in aqueous samples and retrieved by the application of external magnetic field via a piece of permanent magnet. The main factors affecting the signal intensity such as sample pH value, adsorbent amount, eluent concentration and volume, sample volume, and coexisting ions have been investigated and established. The absorbent could be repeatedly used at least 100 times. The enhancement factor of the proposed method for Se(IV) was 100. The method had a linear calibration plot in the range from 0.05 to 10.0μgL(-1) with a standard deviation of 2.3% at 0.5μgL(-1) (n=11). The limit of detection was as low as 0.013μgL(-1). Accuracy of the method was evaluated by the analysis of water samples and certified reference materials.
    Talanta 08/2013; 112C:123-128. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The quantitative detection of chicken interferon-γ (ChIFN-γ) released by T cells after in vitro stimulation is a good evaluation of cell-mediated immunity in chickens after infection or vaccination. This work reports a new flow-through the chemiluminescent (CL) immunoassay method for rapid and specific determination of ChIFN-γ at a level of sub-picogram per milliliter. The biocompatible graphene oxide nanosheet is introduced into CL immunoassay for highly efficient immobilization of capture antibody. The detection limit of the proposed method at a signal to noise ratio of 3 is 0.36pgml(-1), which is 138-fold lower than the current lowest value of 50pgml(-1) for ChIFN-γ. Coupling with a flow-through system, the whole immunoassay process can be completed within 25min. The resulting ChIFN-γ immunosensor shows excellent detection and fabrication reproducibility, good specificity and stability. The assay results of nature ChIFN-γ samples with the proposed method are in an acceptable agreement with the reference values. Compared to the present assay methods, this method is more flexible, simple, rapid and sensitive. The aim of this work is to demonstrate that the ultrasensitive, specific and rapid CL immunoassay format can become a very potential application for quantifying ChIFN-γ and further studying its role in immune response in poultry.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 08/2013; 51C:356-361. · 6.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Metal-organic frameworks have been the subject of intense research because of their unique physicochemical properties. The presented study investigates the application of multi-wall carbon nanotubes and metal-organic frameworks (MWCNTs@Cu3(BTC)2) nanoparticles-modified electrode for the determination of trace levels of lead. The nanocomposites were prepared by solvothermal synthesis and characterized in detail. The experimental procedure was carried out by accumulating lead on the electrode surface and subsequently measuring with differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry in a lab-on-valve format. The main parameters affecting the analytical performance, including the amount of MWCNTs@Cu3(BTC)2 suspension, supporting electrolyte and its pH, stripping mode, and flow rate, have been investigated in detail. Under the optimum conditions, the oxidation peak current displayed a calibration response for lead over a concentration range from 1.0 × 10(-9) to 5.0 × 10(-8) mol L(-1) with a excellent detection limit of 7.9 × 10(-10) mol L(-1). The relative standard deviation of 7 successive scans was 3.10% for 1.0 × 10(-8) mol L(-1) lead. The established method showed a great improvement in sensitivity and sample throughput for lead analysis.
    The Analyst 07/2013; · 4.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dithizone functionalized magnetic metal–organic frameworks (Fe3O4/Cu3(BTC)2–H2Dz) were successfully synthesized for the determination of trace levels of lead based on magnetic solid-phase extraction. The properties of the hybrid nanoparticles were characterized in detail by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction spectrometry, vibrating sample magnetometry, and scanning electron microscopy. The sorbents were conveniently separated from the complicated matrix easily with an external magnetic field. The metals were quantitatively desorbed and quantified by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. The factors affecting the extraction process such as pH, sorbent amount, sample volume, eluent concentration and volume, and interfering ions were investigated and optimized. The adsorption capacity of Fe3O4/Cu3(BTC)2–H2Dz was found to be 1.67 mg g−1 for lead. The method had a linear calibration plot over the range of 0.01 to 5.0 μg L−1 with a relative standard deviation of 3.2% at 0.5 μg L−1 (n = 10). The detection limit was as low as 0.0046 μg L−1. The results indicated that the proposed method based on Fe3O4/Cu3(BTC)2–H2Dz was a novel, rapidly analysed, highly selective, and reliable assay for lead detection.
    J. Mater. Chem. A. 06/2013;