Tomoaki Hoshino

Kurume University, Куруме, Fukuoka, Japan

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Publications (88)303.04 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recent clinical trials have shown that immune-checkpoint blockade yields a clinical response in a subset of individuals with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We examined whether the expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is related to clinicopathologic or prognostic factors in patients with surgically resected NSCLC.
    Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of carboplatin plus pemetrexed for elderly patients (≥75 years) with chemotherapy-naïve advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer. Patients received escalated doses of carboplatin at an area under the concentration-time curve of 4 (Level 1) or 5 (Level 2) plus pemetrexed (500 mg/m(2)) every 3 weeks for a maximum of six cycles. Dose escalation was decided according to whether dose-limiting toxicity occurred in the first cycle of chemotherapy. A total of 20 patients (6 at Level 1, 14 at Level 2) were enrolled. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed in patients at Level 1 or the first six patients at Level 2, and therefore the combination of carboplatin at an area under the concentration-time curve of 5 plus pemetrexed at 500 mg/m(2) was considered to be the recommended dose. Among a total of 14 patients in Level 2, only 1 patient experienced dose-limiting toxicity: Grade 3 febrile neutropenia and urticaria. The major toxicities were neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia. Liver dysfunction, fatigue and anorexia were also common, but generally manageable. Six patients showed partial responses, giving the overall response rate of 30%. The median progression-free survival period was 4.8 months (95% confidence interval 2.9-6.7 months). The combination of carboplatin at an area under the concentration-time curve of 5 plus pemetrexed at 500 mg/m(2) was determined as the recommended dose in chemotherapy-naïve elderly patients (≥75 years) with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, in view of overall safety and tolerability.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 03/2014; · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Most NSCLC patients with EGFR mutations benefit from treatment with EGFR-TKIs, but the clinical efficacy of EGFR-TKIs is limited by the appearance of drug resistance. Multiple kinase inhibitors of EGFR family proteins such as afatinib have been newly developed to overcome such drug resistance. We established afatinib-resistant cell lines after chronic exposure of activating EGFR mutation-positive PC9 cells to afatinib. Afatinib-resistant cells showed following specific characteristics as compared to PC9: [1] Expression of EGFR family proteins and their phosphorylated molecules was markedly downregulated by selection of afatinib resistance; [2] Expression of FGFR1 and its ligand FGF2 was alternatively upregulated; [3] Treatment with anti-FGF2 neutralizing antibody blocked enhanced phosphorylation of FGFR in resistant clone; [4] Both resistant clones showed collateral sensitivity to PD173074, a small-molecule FGFR-TKIs, and treatment with either PD173074 or FGFR siRNA exacerbated suppression of both afatinib-resistant Akt and Erk phosphorylation when combined with afatinib; [5] Expression of twist was markedly augmented in resistant sublines, and twist knockdown specifically suppressed FGFR expression and cell survival. Together, enhanced expression of FGFR1 and FGF2 thus plays as an escape mechanism for cell survival of afatinib-resistant cancer cells, that may compensate the loss of EGFR-driven signaling pathway.
    Oncotarget 03/2014; · 6.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with severe COPD are known to have comorbidities such as emaciation, cor pulmonale and right heart failure, muscle weakness, hyperlipemia, diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, muscle atrophy, arterial sclerosis, hypertension, and depression. Therefore, treatment for COPD needs to focus on these comorbidities as well as the lungs. We previously reported a new mouse model of COPD utilizing the human surfactant protein C promoter SP-C to drive the expression of mature mouse IL-18 cDNA; constitutive IL-18 overproduction in the lungs of transgenic (Tg) mice induces severe emphysematous change, dilatation of the right ventricle, and mild pulmonary hypertension with aging. In the present study, we evaluated the progression of comorbidity in our COPD model. In female Tg mice, significant weight loss was observed at 16 weeks and beyond, when compared with control wild-type (WT) mice. This weight loss was suppressed in IL-13-deficient (knockout; KO) Tg mice. Muscle weight and bone mineral density were significantly decreased in aged Tg mice relative to control WT and IL-13 KO Tg mice. The aged Tg mice also showed impaired glucose tolerance. IL-18 and IL-13 may play important roles in the pathogenesis of comorbidity in COPD patients.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2014; · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The primary objective of this study was to re-evaluate the feasibility of docetaxel at doses of up to 75 mg/m(2) in Japanese patients with previously treated non-small cell lung cancer. Patients received escalated doses of docetaxel at 70 mg/m(2) (level 1) or 75 mg/m(2) (level 2) every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicities. Dose escalation was decided on the basis of dose-limiting toxicity in the first cycle of chemotherapy. At dose level 1, dose-limiting toxicity-Grade 3 febrile neutropenia-was observed in one of the six patients and at dose level 2, it was seen in one of the first six patients. Therefore, an additional 14 patients were enrolled at dose level 2, as originally planned. Among the total of 20 patients at dose level 2, 6 (<33%) developed dose-limiting toxicity in the first cycle: febrile neutropenia in 5 and pneumonia in 1. Finally, 10 (50%) of the 20 patients experienced toxicities that met the dose-limiting toxicity criteria, including 8 with febrile neutropenia throughout the treatment period, but this was manageable with dose reduction or appropriate supportive care. Other observed toxicities were predictable from the safety profile of decetaxel and were also well managed. Four partial responses were observed, giving an overall response rate of 15.4%. The median progression-free survival period of the patients overall was 4.0 months (95% confidence interval 1.4-6.6 months). Although docetaxel administration at an initial dose of 75 mg/m(2) requires careful attention because of the high incidence of febrile neutropenia, this dose is considered feasible according to the protocol definition in Japanese patients with previously treated non-small cell lung cancer.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2014; · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have previously reported that the lungs of patients with very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) contain significantly higher numbers of alveolar macrophages than those of non-smokers or smokers. M1 and M2 macrophages represent pro- and anti-inflammatory populations, respectively. However, the roles of M1 and M2 alveolar macrophages in COPD remain unclear. Immunohistochemical techniques were used to examine CD163, CD204 and CD206, as M2 markers, expressed on alveolar macrophages in the lungs of patients with mild to very severe COPD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) stage I (mild) n = 11, II (moderate) n = 9, III (severe) n = 2, and IV (very severe) n = 16). Fifteen smokers and 10 non-smokers were also examined for comparison. There were significantly higher numbers of alveolar macrophages in COPD patients than in smokers and non-smokers. The numbers and percentages of CD163(+), CD204(+) or CD206(+) alveolar macrophages in patients with COPD at GOLD stages III and IV were significantly higher than in those at GOLD stages I and II, and those in smokers and non-smokers. In patients with COPD, there was a significant negative correlation between the number of CD163(+), CD204(+) or CD206(+) alveolar macrophages and the predicted forced expiratory volume in one second. Overexpression of CD163, CD204 and CD206 on lung alveolar macrophages may be involved in the pathogenesis of COPD.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e87400. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The process of airway inflammation in the lungs of nonsmokers who die of asthma (fatal asthma) has not been reported in detail. To examine nonsmokers who had died of asthma to exclude chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and investigate pulmonary inflammatory cells and the expression of interleukin-18 (IL-18) and its receptor in lung tissues compared with those in patients with well-controlled mild asthma and nonsmokers. Lung tissues were obtained at autopsy examination from 12 nonsmokers with fatal asthma, excluding cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and from 5 nonsmokers with well-controlled mild asthma and 10 nonsmokers who had undergone surgical resection for lung cancer. Pulmonary inflammatory cells were examined and the expression of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-18 and its receptor in the lungs was evaluated. The numbers of eosinophils and lymphocytes, but not basophils or macrophages, were significantly increased in the lungs of patients with fatal asthma compared with the other 2 groups. The lung neutrophil count did not differ significantly between the fatal and mild asthma groups but was significantly higher in the fatal asthma group than in nonsmokers. CD8(+) T cells, but not CD4(+) T cells, were significantly increased in the lungs of the fatal asthma group compared with the other 2 groups. IL-18 protein and IL-18 receptor were strongly expressed in the lungs in the fatal asthma group. Caspase-1 inhibitors, anti-IL-18 antibodies, anti-IL-18 receptor antibodies, IL-18 binding protein, or inhibitors of genes downstream of the IL-18 signal transduction pathway may be of clinical benefit for the treatment of patients with severe asthma.
    Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology: official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology 01/2014; 112(1):23-28.e1. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Somatic mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene are associated with clinical response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as gefitinib, in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, humoral immune responses to EGFR in NSCLC patients have not been well studied. In this study, we investigated the clinical significance of immunoglobulin G (IgG) responses to EGFR-derived peptides in NSCLC patients receiving gefitinib. Plasma IgG titers to each of 60 different EGFR-derived 20-mer peptides were measured by the Luminex system in 42 NSCLC patients receiving gefitinib therapy. The relationships between the peptide-specific IgG titers and presence of EGFR mutations or patient survival were evaluated statistically. IgG titers against the egfr_481-500, egfr_721-740, and egfr_741-760 peptides were significantly higher in patients with exon 21 mutation than in those without it. On the other hand, IgG titers against the egfr_841-860 and egfr_1001-1020 peptides were significantly lower and higher, respectively, in patients with deletion in exon 19. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that IgG responses to egfr_41_ 60, egfr_61_80 and egfr_481_500 were significantly prognostic for progression-free survival independent of other clinicopathological characteristics, whereas those to the egfr_41_60 and egfr_481_500 peptides were significantly prognostic for overall survival. Detection of IgG responses to EGFR-derived peptides may be a promising method for prognostication of NSCLC patients receiving gefitinib. Our results may provide new insight for better understanding of humoral responses to EGFR in NSCLC patients.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e86667. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Guidelines recommend chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment tests (CATs) for evaluation of symptoms and management risks. To investigate whether CAT can predict moderate or severe exacerbations in Japanese COPD patients, a single-blinded prospective study was performed. Methods A 123 Japanese COPD patients were classified into high-CAT (n=64) and low-CAT (n=59) groups. The frequencies and periods of moderate or severe exacerbation and hospitalization were compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate whether CAT could predict exacerbations. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was employed to find an appropriate CAT score for exacerbation. Results The high-CAT group was significantly older, had a lower body mass index, and had a lower airflow obstruction as compared to the low CAT group. The frequency of moderate or severe exacerbation (1.3±1.3 events per patient per year, p<0.0001) and hospitalizations (0.2±0.4, p=0.0202) in the high-CAT group was significantly higher than in the low-CAT group (0.4±0.7 and 0.0±0.1, respectively). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that both high CAT score and low airflow obstruction were independently predictive of frequent moderate or severe COPD exacerbation. ROC analysis showed that the best cut-off CAT score for moderate or severe COPD exacerbation was 8 points. Conclusion Our present results indicate that COPD Japanese patients showing high CAT scores have a poor prognosis, and that the CAT score is able to predict exacerbation in Japanese COPD.
    Respiratory Investigation. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS), also known as secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, is mediated by cytokine overproduction from excessive activation of T lymphocytes and macrophages. We present a dermatomyositis patient with MAS, caused by hypercytokinemia. The combination of tacrolimus and plasma exchange therapy was effective in this case for treating MAS. This combination therapy is especially useful for MAS refractory to steroids.
    Modern Rheumatology 10/2013; · 1.72 Impact Factor
  • Allergology International 08/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: A 59-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of severe anemia and leucopenia. Although she developed mild arthralgia without the typical symptoms of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), positivity for anti-Sm antibodies led us to a diagnosis of late-onset SLE. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and suppression of reticulocyte production were considered to have been involved in the etiology of severe anemia. Administration of oral prednisolone (PSL) resulted in a marked improvement of the hematological abnormalities. As late-onset is rare and patients tend to show the typical symptoms less frequently, close attention should be focused on latent symptoms and immunological findings.
    The Kurume Medical Journal 08/2013;
  • Haruki Imaoka, Tomoaki Hoshino
    Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi 06/2013; 102(6):1359-64.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The role of plasma monoamines in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with depression is unclear. To investigate monoamines in 20 depressed patients with COPD, the plasma concentrations of serotonin, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), homovanillic acid, and 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG) were measured and compared with those in 50 non-depressed COPD patients, and also with 23 age- and gender-matched non-smokers and 13 smokers as non-depressed healthy controls. METHODS: Diagnosis of depression was assessed using the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Plasma concentrations of monoamines were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: None of the depressed COPD patients had suicidal ideation. The plasma 5-HIAA level [median, (25% and 75% quartiles)] in depressed COPD patients [6.8 ng/mL, (4.9 and 13.1)] was significantly higher than in non-depressed COPD patients [5.4, (4.2 and 7.5)] (p=0.022) and non-smokers [5.1 (3.8 and 7.2)] (p=0.041), but not smokers [4.7, (4.0 and 6.7)] (p>0.05). The plasma 5-HIAA level (r=0.24, p=0.049) was significantly associated with the severity of depression in patients with COPD. The plasma MHPG level was significantly higher in depressed COPD patients (p=0.043) than in smokers, but was not higher than that in non-depressed COPD patients or non-smokers, although the level of MHPG was not associated with the severity of depression. CONCLUSION: The plasma 5-HIAA level is increased in depressed COPD patients. Plasma monoamines may be a good biomarker for detection of depression in patients with COPD.Trial registration: This work is not a research of a controlled health care intervention. This trial does not have any identifying numbers.
    BMC Psychiatry 05/2013; 13(1):159. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary vascular involvement in Behçet's disease is a rare complication with a poor prognosis. We present an autopsy case of vasculo-Behçet's disease complicated by pulmonary hemorrhage, possibly caused by rupture of pulmonary artery aneurysms. The patient was treated with a combination of high-dose steroids and pulse cyclophosphamide, but he died from massive hemoptysis. This case highlights the need for potent new therapies for patients with vasculo-Behçet's disease refractory to conventional immunosuppressive therapy, such as a combination of steroids and cyclophosphamide.
    Modern Rheumatology 04/2013; · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Details of the comparisons between airway and peripheral blood regulatory T cells (Tregs) in patients with atopic asthma are still unclear. The objective of this study is to investigate the profiles of both airway and circulating Tregs in atopic asthma. Methods: We measured the numbers of Tregs and eosinophils in induced sputum and peripheral blood in 28 patients with mild atopic asthma and compared these with numbers in 18 healthy controls. The frequency (%) of Tregs (surface CTLA4+, intracellular Foxp3+, and CTLA4+Foxp3+ on CD25highCD4+ T cells) in sputum and blood was determined by intracellular 5-color flow cytometry. We also correlated the numbers with the level of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in asthmatics. Results: The mean frequencies of cells expressing CTLA4+ (19.4 ± 2.1%, p = 0.075), Foxp3+ (16.4 ± 3.3%, p = 0.001), and CTLA4+Foxp3+ (7.0 ± 1.1%, p = 0.008) in induced sputum from asthmatics were significantly lower than controls (27.2 ± 3.7%, 37.4 ± 4.7%, and 18.2 ± 3.6%, respectively), whereas in peripheral blood, there was no inter-group difference in the frequencies of cells expressing CTLA4+ (7.1 ± 1.5% vs 5.7 ± 1.7%, p > 0.05), Foxp3+ (35.7 ± 3.2% vs 21.1 ± 3.9%, p > 0.05), and CTLA4+Foxp3+ (6.6 ± 1.5% vs 4.2 ± 1.0%, p > 0.05). Moreover, the frequency of CD25highCD4+ cells expressing CTLA4+, but not Foxp3+, in induced sputum was associated with AHR (r = 0.60, p = 0.009) and airway eosinophilic inflammation (r = -0.60, p = 0.008) in asthmatics. Conclusions: Airway, but not circulating, Tregs are decreased in mild atopic asthmatics, and are negatively correlated to an increase of airway eosinophilic inflammation and AHR.
    Allergology International 03/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have demonstrated that both gefitinib and erlotinib are markedly effective for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with somatic activating mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR-mt). These agents are considered to act on EGFR through the same mechanism. However, the efficacy of these agents against EGFR wild-type (-wt) NSCLC remains unclear, and the frequency of adverse events (AEs) appears to differ between them at each approved dose. Here, we conducted a retrospective analysis of AEs and drug efficacy in patients with NSCLC whose EGFR mutation status had been confirmed and who all received 250 mg gefitinib or 150 mg erlotinib once daily. The erlotinib group (n = 35) had more AEs, including rash, fatigue, stomatitis, anorexia and constipation. On the other hand, liver dysfunction and nail change were more frequent in the gefitinib group (n = 107). AEs of ≥grade 2, including rash, fatigue and nausea, were more frequent in the erlotinib group. The erlotinib group also showed more of a tendency to require dose reduction due to AEs. With regard to treatment efficacy for patients with EGFR-wt, there was no significant difference in progression-free survival between the two drug groups. However, this study has several limitations as of the nature of retrospective design; our data suggest that gefitinib and erlotinib might have almost equal efficacy for patients with EGFR-wt NSCLC, as is the case for patients with EGFR-mt tumors, although erlotinib appears to have higher toxicity than gefitinib at each approved dose.
    Medical Oncology 03/2013; 30(1):349. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 49-year-old man with dyspnea was found to have reticular opacities and ground-glass attenuation with traction bronchiectasis or bronchiolectasis on computed tomography. The patient met the criteria for lung-dominant connective tissue disease (LD-CTD) and histopathologically exhibited a chronic fibrotic interstitial pneumonia illustrating framework of a usual interstitial pneumonia-like pattern. Due to worsening of the disease, therapy was initiated with corticosteroids in combination with cyclosporine A. However, treatment with these drugs was ineffective. Pirfenidone and intravenous cyclophosphamide therapy also proved ineffective. The cyclosporine A was therefore switched to tacrolimus, and the patient's disease improved, allowing for a reduction in the dose of the corticosteroids. Our experience in this case suggests that treatment with tacrolimus might be useful for treating refractory LD-CTD even when histopathologically chronic fibrotic interstitial pneumonia is evident.
    Internal Medicine 01/2013; 52(5):605-9. · 0.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to improve the outcome of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), a biomarker that can predict the efficacy of chemotherapy is needed. The aim of this study was to assess the role of EGFR mutations and ERCC1 in predicting the efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy and the outcome of patients with NSCLC. We conducted a retrospective study to analyze the relationships between EGFR mutations or ERCC1 expression and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with NSCLC who received platinum-based chemotherapy. EGFR mutation status was determined using the peptide nucleic acid-locked nucleic acid polymerase chain reaction clamp method, and immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of ERCC1 in tumor samples obtained from the patients. Among the NSCLC patients who received platinum-based chemotherapy, the median PFS was significantly better in those who had never smoked and those with exon 19 deletion, and the median overall survival (OS) was significantly better in those who had never smoked, those with exon 19 deletion, and women. Cox regression analysis revealed that exon 19 deletion and having never smoked were significantly associated with both PFS and OS. Subset analysis revealed a significant correlation between ERCC1 expression and EGFR mutation, and ERCC1-negative patients with exon 19 deletion had a longer PFS than the other patients; ERCC1-positive patients without exon 19 deletion had a shorter PFS than the other patients. Our results indicate that among NSCLC patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy, those with exon 19 deletion have a longer PFS and OS. Our findings suggest that platinum-based chemotherapy is more effective against ERCC1-negative and exon 19-positive NSCLC.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e71356. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), such as gefitinib and erlotinib, has achieved high clinical response rates in patients with non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). However, over time, most tumors develop acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs, which is associated with the secondary EGFR T790M resistance mutation in about half the cases. Currently there are no effective treatment options for patients with this resistance mutation. Here we identified two novel HLA-A*0201 (A2)-restricted T cell epitopes containing the mutated methionine residue of the EGFR T790M mutation, T790M-5 (MQLMPFGCLL) and T790M-7 (LIMQLMPFGCL), as potential targets for EGFR-TKI-resistant patients. When peripheral blood cells were repeatedly stimulated in vitro with these two peptides and assessed by antigen-specific IFN-γ secretion, T cell lines responsive to T790M-5 and T790M-7 were established in 5 of 6 (83%) and 3 of 6 (50%) healthy donors, respectively. Additionally, the T790M-5- and T790M-7-specific T cell lines displayed an MHC class I-restricted reactivity against NSCLC cell lines expressing both HLA-A2 and the T790M mutation. Interestingly, the NSCLC patients with antigen-specific T cell responses to these epitopes showed a significantly less frequency of EGFR-T790M mutation than those without them [1 of 7 (14%) vs 9 of 15 (60%); chi-squared test, p = 0.0449], indicating the negative correlation between the immune responses to the EGFR-T790M-derived epitopes and the presence of EGFR-T790M mutation in NSCLC patients. This finding could possibly be explained by the hypothesis that immune responses to the mutated neo-antigens derived from T790M might prevent the emergence of tumor cell variants with the T790M resistance mutation in NSCLC patients during EGFR-TKI treatment. Together, our results suggest that the identified T cell epitopes might provide a novel immunotherapeutic approach for prevention and/or treatment of EGFR-TKI resistance with the secondary EGFR T790M resistance mutation in NSCLC patients.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(11):e78389. · 3.73 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
303.04 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1995–2014
    • Kurume University
      • • Division of Respirology, Neurology, and Rheumatology
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Куруме, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2009
    • Saga University
      • Department of Biomolecular Sciences
      Сага Япония, Saga, Japan
  • 1999–2001
    • National Cancer Institute (USA)
      • Laboratory of Experimental Immunology
      Maryland, United States
    • Leidos Biomedical Research
      Maryland, United States