[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chlamydia pneumoniae (C pneumoniae) is a common cause of a usually mild, community acquired pneumonia. This organism, however, can spread from the respiratory tract into other parts of the body and has been detected in up to 70% of atheromatous lesions in blood vessels. Although the exact mechanism of the C Pneumoniae contribution to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis remains unknown, prophylactic antibiotic trials are planned for people at high risk for coronary disease.
In this study the authors aimed to investigate C pneumoniae DNA content in the cerebral aneurysmal sac tissue with the aid of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. C pneumoniae DNA was searched in 15 surgically clipped and removed aneurysmal sac tissue and in two tumour (an ependymoma of the fourth ventricle and a craniofaringoma) samples by touchdown enzyme time release PCR (TETR PCR) targeting 16S rRNA gene and by nested PCR targeting ompA gene.
Both PCR methods were sensitive to detect in C pneumoniae 4x10(-2) genomes. C pneumoniae DNA was not detected in any of the 17 sample tissues of these patients.
The contribution of C pneumoniae in the development of intracranial aneurysms cannot be excluded despite the results of this study. Further studies on the possible role of C pneumoniae or any other micro-organisms in the pathogenesis of aneurysms should be performed.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study analyzed 28 thrombotic children with various cardiac disorders. They comprise 17% of a total of 168 patients with thrombosis from a single center. Among the 28 patients, 21 had congenital heart disease and 7 were diagnosed with cardiomyopathy. The patients with thrombosis were evaluated for congenital and acquired thrombotic risk factors. In addition to cardiac disorders, two, three, or more risk factors were present in 61% of the children with thrombosis. Two common mutations, namely factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A mutations, were found in 6 patients (22%). Nine patients (32%) died of infection, congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy, thrombosis, operation, or a combination of these; two patients required surgical intervention. Following cardiac angiography, due to necrosis, amputation of the right index finger and right lower extremity was performed on 1 patient. The second patient's index fingers had to be amputated and resection of the bowel was performed following the operation on coarctation of the aorta. This study indicates that congenital heart disease and cardiomyopathy are two common cardiac disorders that may lead to the development of thrombosis. The majority of thrombosis develops within the heart and/or its great vessels. The second predominant site for thromboembolic symptoms is in the brain, including sinovenous thrombosis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nosocomial hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections were recorded in the renal transplantation unit of the university hospital. There were cases of acute HCV infection with aggressive clinical courses diagnosed from a positive HCV RNA test in the early post-transplantation period and which remained anti-HCV negative. Their anti-HCV seronegativity was attributed to them having acquired HCV under intense immunosuppressive therapy and suggested that the aggressive clinical course could be due to the deficient immune response resulting in an inability to limit viral replication. There were also donors diagnosed as having acute HCV infection in the early post-operative period. Genotyping and sequence analysis for HCV were performed on the isolates of eight of these patients who were consecutively transplanted and of three donors whose recipients were infected with HCV prior to transplantation, and who acquired acute HCV infection after transplantation. Of the eight recipients in the first group three were genotype 1a, three were genotype 1b, one was genotype 3a, and the last one was genotype 4 according to Simmond's classification. Of the three donor-recipient couples both the HCV isolates from one couple were genotyped as 1b and the phylogenetic analysis indicated that the patients were infected with a common variant of HCV, but the genotypes of HCV isolates from the other couples were different. Recipients were genotype 1b and the donors were genotype 1a in these couples. Genotype results of the first group and donor-recipient couples, and sequence analysis of genotype 1b and 1a isolates, showed that the source of infection was not a unique strain and there were multiple breaks in universal precautions while managing these patients.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection 12/2002; 8(11):741-4. · 4.58 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: TT virus (TTV) DNA has been found in a large proportion of patients with different forms of non-A-G hepatitis, however the clinical importance is unclear. We aimed to determine the genotypes of TTV isolates found in blood donors and different patient groups from the western part of Turkey.
TT DNA was investigated in serum samples of 91 volunteer blood donors (BD), 105 thalassemia (TH) patients, ten patients with fulminant hepatitis (FH) and 16 hemodialysis (HD) patients by heminested PCR using primers NG059, NG061 and NG063 from the ORF1 region. 39 isolates were genotyped by analyzing the partial sequence of ORF1.
TTV DNA was found in 75% of HD, 80% of FH, 61% of TH patients and in 51.6% of BD. Among the sequenced isolates, 14 (35.9%) belonged to genotype 1 (G1) and 25 (64.1%) belonged to genotype 2 (G2). Among the G2 sequences, 22 were grouped as G2c.
TTV infection was common in the population studied, even with moderately sensitive primers. G2 was the major genotype of the studied population without any significant differences in distribution between various patient groups and BD.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This is a report on the results of immunization of medical students with low-dose hepatitis B (HB) vaccine prior to starting clinical practice and evaluation of the efficacy of this vaccination scheme.
Low-dose (2 microg) recombinant HB vaccine was administered intramuscularly (im) at months 0, 1, 2 and 12 to 105 volunteers who wee HB surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HB core antigen (HBc) negative. Additional doses were administered after the third dose to the vaccines with anti-HBs titers below 10 IU/l.
Protective anti-HBs levels (above 10 IU/l) were obtained in 73.3%, 95.6%, 100% and 92.8% of vaccines with geometric mean titers of 91, 61.6, 3,662 and 367 IU/l at months 3, 12, 13 and 44 months, respectively.
Long-term effective protection against HB could be obtained in medical students with this scheme. Low-dose HB im vaccination can be utilized as a cost-saving vaccination strategy.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in a group of patients with mucopurulent endocervicitis.
One hundred and forty-eight patients who came for their routine medical screening and were diagnosed with mucopurulent endocervicitis were enrolled in the study. HPV DNA was sought in cervical swab specimens placed in digene transport medium by use of the Digene Hybrid Capture assay.
HPV infection was detected in 5.4% (8/148) of the patients with mucopurulent endocervicitis. The mean age of the patients was 36.4+/-8.2 (18-54) years. Approximately 40% (59/148) of the patients used intrauterine devices currently or in the past, while 16.2% (24/148) used combined oral contraceptives as the contraceptive method. HPV DNA was detected in eight patients: five had infections with low-risk subtypes, one with high/intermediate risk subtypes and one with the combination of high- and low-risk subtypes. The mean age of the HPV infected patients was significantly lower than the HPV negative patients (28.2+/-6.3 versus 36.9+/-8.1 years, p = 0.003). Risk factors for HPV infection did not differ between the infected and uninfected groups.
HPV infection should be sought in patients with clinical evidence of mucopurulent endocervicitis even without risk factors for cervical neoplasia.
European journal of gynaecological oncology 02/2002; 23(2):166-8. · 0.58 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and microbiological effects of subgingival application of 25% metronidazole dental gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of adult periodontitis. Eighty teeth in 18 patients were evaluated using a split mouth design. The test teeth received SRP and a 25% metronidazole gel applied subgingivally on days 0 and 7. The control teeth received SRP only. Clinical and microbiological examinations were carried out before treatment and on weeks 1, 3, 7, 13, 26, 38 and 52 of the experimental period. Colony forming units of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia / Prevotella nigrescens were determined. Both treatments provided significant improvements in all the clinical and microbiological parameters (P<0.05). However, none of the differences between the study groups were statistically significant (P > 0.05). As a conclusion, the present study does not provide evidence in favour of the routine use of adjunctive metronidazole dental gel in the treatment of adult periodontitis.
Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology 11/2001; 3(4):81-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Several studies have documented the efficacy of low-dose intradermal administration of hepatitis B vaccine. However, little is known about the duration of protection provided by low-dose intradermal administration of hepatitis B vaccine. This study reports results from a 5-year follow up period of 200 healthy children (100 infants and 100 preschool children) immunized intradermally with 2 microg doses of recombinant hepatitis B vaccine (GenHevac B) at months 0,1, and 6. In the 8th week after the third vaccine dose, 97% of the children developed anti-HBs antibodies higher than or equal to 10 mlU ml(-1), and the antiHBs geometric mean titre (GMT) was 676 mlU ml(-1). In month 18 and year 5, the anti-HBs GMT decreased to approximately one-third (220 mlU ml(-1)) and one-tenth (68 mlU ml(-1)) of the initial levels, respectively. However, 87% of the children had protective levels of anti-HBs (> or =10 mlU ml(-1)) after 5 years. Among 156 children followed for 5 years, none became positive for anti-HBc and/or HbsAg. Seven children who were seronegative after 5 years developed anti-HBs antibodies higher than 1000 mlU ml(-1) after an additional 10 microg intramuscular hepatitis B vaccine. Persistent immunologic memory over periods of 5 years or more is evident, the anamnestic antibody response to a booster dose of vaccine, even in these children who have lost antibody. We conclude that intradermal administration of 2 microg recombinant hepatitis B vaccine provides long-term protection against hepatitis B virus in infants and preschool children.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine whether Behçet's disease (BD), being a systemic vasculitis of unknown aetiology, is associated with hepatitis viruses (HAV, HBV, HCV and HEV).
In addition to 124 patients [male:female (M/F): 73/51], all fulfilling the diagnostic criteria of the International Study Group for BD (1991), 14 patients with systemic necrotizing vasculitis (M/F: 7/7), 47 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (M/F: 36/11) and 51 healthy controls (M/F: 22/29) were also included in this study. Serological markers of four different types of hepatitis (anti-HAV IgM, total anti-HAV, HBsAg, anti-HBs, total anti-HBc, anti-HBc IgM, anti-HCV and anti-HEV) were studied in all cases.
There was no difference between the groups with respect to HAV, HCV and HEV serologies. Anti-HBs positivity was observed less frequently in BD compared with healthy controls and systemic vasculitis (P<0.05).
Serological evidence of previous HAV, HCV and HEV infections was not significantly different between Behçet's patients and other groups. However, previous HBV infection was found in a significantly lower number of BD patients as compared with healthy controls and systemic vasculitic patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and the coexistence of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in renal transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy.
Cervical Papanicolaou (Pap) smear and colposcopic examinations were performed in 48 renal transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy. Microbiological and histopathologic findings were discussed.
The patients were evaluated as to cervical neoplasia risk factors and the results were found to be statistically insignificant (p>0.05). Genital neoplasia was encountered in 20 of the 48 renal transplant patients. Koilocytosis developed in 6 out of 8 (75%) patients who were receiving high dose immunosuppressive therapy due to transplant rejection. HPV was found in 2 out of 48 patients; these 2 patients had koilocytosis in their cervical biopsies. The difference between the positive predictive value of colposcopic evaluation and the Pap smear was found to be insignificant (p>0.05). However, if colposcopy had not been performed in two cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia class I (CIN-I) and in one case of cervical microinvasive carcinoma, the cases would have been incorrectly diagnosed as normal by the false-negative results of the Pap smear.
Renal transplant patients who were undergoing immunosuppressive therapy were found to be at increased risk of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. All the patients using immunosuppressive agents should be followed-up by Pap smears every six months and by colposcopic evaluation every year. Avoiding high-risk sexual acts will decrease the risk of HPV transmission and the risk of genital neoplasia as well.
European journal of gynaecological oncology 02/1999; 20(2):127-30. · 0.58 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two hundred infants and two hundred preschool children were randomly assigned to receive either 10 micrograms of recombinant hepatitis B vaccine (GenHevac B) intramuscularly (i.m.) or 2 micrograms intradermally (ID) in the deltoid region at 0, 1 and 6 months. Antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) was tested eight weeks after the third vaccine dose. Standard dose i.m. and low-dose ID administration of recombinant hepatitis B vaccine produced comparable rates of anti-HBs equal to or higher than 10 mIU ml-1 in infants (98% and 94%, respectively) and preschool children (98% and 100%, respectively). Although i.m. vaccination produced higher anti-HBs concentrations than ID vaccination both in infants (geometric mean titre-GMT, 935 versus 621 mIU ml-1) and preschool children (GMT, 1393 versus 804 mIU ml-1), the differences were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). The preschool children tended to have higher anti-HBs concentrations than the infants. No clinically serious adverse effects were observed in both vaccine groups; however, induration and hyperpigmentation at the injection site were more often seen in the study population that was vaccinated intradermally. We conclude that intradermal administration of 2 micrograms recombinant hepatitis B vaccine is safe and effective in infants and preschool children, and may be an acceptable, less expensive alternative to full-dose i.m. vaccination for mass immunization, especially in developing countries.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have evaluated the efficacy of treatment with recombinant Interferon-2b (IFN-2b) in 12 children with cancer who developed chronic hepatitis-B infection. Seven of them had lymphoblastic leukaemia and others had solid tumours. Seven cases were male. Mean age was 10.5 years with a range of 5-16 years. Chronic Hepatitis B was diagnosed biochemically, serologically and histopathologically. They were HBsAg(+), HBV-DNA(+), and HCV(-), HIV(-). Seven cases were HBeAg(+) and two of them were anti-Delta IgG(+). Liver biopsy revealed chronic active hepatitis in six cases and persistent hepatitis in three cases. IFN was given at the dose of 5 MU/m2 three times a week, subcutaneously for 6 months. It was well tolerated. After IFN therapy, ALT levels returned to normal in seven cases. All cases were still HBsAg(+). Four of them seroconverted to anti-HBe antibody. Loss of serum HBV-DNA in three cases, but 11 cases showed a marked decrease after IFN. The control liver biopsies showed that histopathological activity index was diminished in five cases. Other 16 patients, serving as control, received no therapy. Five of them were leukaemia and others were solid tumours. Twelve cases were male. Mean age was 9.3 years with a range of 4-19 years. After 6 months, only one patient lost HBV-DNA and three of them seroconverted to anti-HBe with normalization of ALT values. In our study, IFN treatment favourably influenced the progress of chronic hepatitis B in children with cancer.
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 11/1996; 42(5):262-6. · 1.01 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Controlled-release coils have become available recently for the closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Transcatheter closure of patent arterial ducts was attempted in 13 patients, ranging in age from 5 months to 15 years, mean 4.1 years. Implantation of controlled-release PDA coils was attempted via the femoral artery through 5 Fr catheters in all cases except one, in whom both the femoral arterial and venous routes were used. The procedure was successful in 10 of the 13 patients. In these, the pulmonary artery systolic pressure ranged between 25 and 42 mmHg and the duct diameter varied from 1.5 to 6 mm at its narrowest point. Six of the patients received a single coil. Two coils were inserted in three patients and three coils in one patient. In three patients the ducts were too large for safe release of the coils, despite attempted implantation of up to three coils simultaneously. These coils were easily withdrawn into the catheter. Immediately at the end of the procedure, the duct was completely occluded in nine of the 10 patients, and in one patient there was a small residual flow. The procedure time varied between 35 min and 2.5 h, mean 81 min and the fluoroscopy time varied from 5 to 78 min, mean 25 min. None of the patients experienced hemorrhage, diminished lower extremity pulse, hemolysis or infection. In one patient, a 5 mm coil embolized into the right pulmonary artery soon after release. It was retrieved with a snare, then 8 mm and a 5 mm coil were implanted satisfactorily in the arterial duct. At follow-up by color Doppler echocardiography, the duct was completely occluded in all patients. Transcatheter closure of patent arterial ducts by controlled-release PDA coils is effective and safe. Even when more than one coil is inserted, it is still cheaper than transcatheter umbrella closure. This method is therefore of great value, particularly in less affluent countries.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A group of 67 children with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) were studied, and 35 were given iron treatment according to a regimen that gives iron to patients with a hematocrit (Hct) below 60%. The patients were categorized as iron-deficient and iron-sufficient according to their transferrin saturation and ferritin values. The pretreatment hemoglobin (Hb) and Hct values of the groups were similar. The mean Hct was nearly three times as much as the mean Hb in the iron-sufficient group and more than three times as much as the Hb in the iron-deficient group. Excessive erythrocytosis in the iron-deficient group was impressive. Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) values were below 72.7 fl in all of the iron-deficient patients. After treatment the Hb, Hct, transferrin saturation, and ferritin increased significantly in both groups, with the increments greater in the iron-deficient group. Increments in the erythrocyte (RBC) count were significant in the iron-sufficient group but insignificant in the iron-deficient one. Increments of MCV in the iron-deficient group were significant but insignificant in the iron-sufficient group. Our study demonstrated that prediction of Hb, RBC count, and MCV, measurements of which are easy and inexpensive and require little blood, can suffice for the diagnosis of iron deficiency in patients with CCHD without altering systemic perfusion.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 4-year-old boy with abnormal connection of the inferior vena cava to the left atrium and double outlet right ventricle and right atrial isomerism is presented. The anomalies were detected by echocardiography and angiography, and later verified through surgical intervention.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis 04/1996; 37(3):287-9.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The presence of anomalous muscle bundles may produce a pressure gradient between the inflow and outflow portions of the right ventricle, thus resulting in double-chambered right ventricle bearing troublesome clinically in its diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to review the diagnostic criteria. Fifty-two patients with a double-chambered right ventricle were seen during an 8-year period. They ranged in age at the catheterization from 4 months to 17 years (mean 7.5 +/- 4.4 years). Diagnosis was confirmed in 51 patients at cardiac catheterization and in other one on operation. The majority of the patients had associated cardiac anomalies: there were 33 ventricular septal defect (63%), 21 pulmonary valve stenosis (40%), nine atrial septal defect (17%), and four double-outlet right ventricle. The electrocardiograms revealed upright T waves alone in right precordial leads suggesting right ventricular hypertrophy in 33% of the patients. At cardiac catheterization, there was a pressure gradient of 20-160 mmHg between the right ventricular inflow and outflow portions. Forty patients have had surgery and four have undergone balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty. Surgical treatment was planned for two patients and other six had no indication for treatment.
International Journal of Cardiology 07/1995; 50(1):19-29. · 5.51 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is a congenital anomaly in which one or more, but not all, of the pulmonary veins are connected to a systemic vein or to the right atrium directly. Its incidence is higher in autopsy series than in clinical series. We report 51 cases of PAPVR diagnosed by cardiac catheterization and evaluated from the aspects of age, sex, type and associated anomalies and diseases.
Japanese Heart Journal 02/1994; 35(1):43-50. · 0.40 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Between July 1990 and September 1991, 30 infants and children, most of whom had a congenital heart defect and who had been treated at least during the previous 20 days by two daily doses of digoxin and were in a stable clinical condition, were selected at random. A maintenance dose of digoxin was administered at 24-h intervals for 7 days in the study group (n = 15); no change was made in the 12-h dosage interval in the control group (n = 15). When the serum digoxin concentrations were compared, no significant difference was found between pre- and poststudy values in the study group (1.0 +/- 0.6 and 0.8 +/- 0.3 ng/ml, respectively) or between the control and study groups (0.9 +/- 0.6 and 0.8 +/- 0.3 ng/ml, respectively) in terms of trough serum digoxin concentrations. Although the peak serum concentrations in the study group were increased significantly (2.3 +/- 0.8 ng/ml) compared with prestudy peak levels (1.6 +/- 0.7 ng/ml, p < 0.05) and with the level in the control group (1.5 +/- 0.8 ng/ml, p < 0.05), a toxic concentration was not reached, and toxicity symptoms were not observed clinically. Blood pressure, heart rate, and liver size did not change significantly in any patient during the study.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a 3-yr-old girl with coarctation of aorta and patent ductus arteriosus in whom mycotic aneurysm and bacterial endarteritis developed postoperatively and was diagnosed by two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography. Five weeks after the operation of ligation of ductus and resection of coarctated segment, the patient was readmitted with complaints of vomiting, fever and coughing. Bacterial endarteritis, empyema and septic arthritis were diagnosed. Suprasternal echocardiographic examination demonstrated an aneurysmatic appearance 60 x 65 mm in size at the location of coarctation. The patient died, most probably due to aortic rupture, before surgical treatment could be undertaken. Autopsy study confirmed our diagnosis.
International Journal of Cardiology 11/1992; 37(1):112-4. · 5.51 Impact Factor