[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Betaproteobacterial genus Limnohabitans represents an important part of freshwater bacterioplankton. Here, we report genome sequences of two Limnohabitans isolates, Rim28 and Rim47. They contain a complete photosynthesis gene cluster, RuBisCO, CO dehydrogenase, ammonia monooxygenase, and sulfur-oxidizing genes, which indicates a great metabolic versatility of the Limnohabitans species.
Journal of bacteriology 11/2012; 194(22):6302-3. · 3.94 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A chemo-organotrophic, aerobic, non-motile strain, MWH-BRAZ-DAM2D(T), isolated from a freshwater pond in Brazil, was characterized phenotypically, phylogenetically and chemotaxonomically. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated affiliation of the strain with the genus Limnohabitans (Comamonadaceae, Betaproteobacteria). 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between the isolate and Limnohabitans curvus MWH-C5(T), representing the type species of the genus, and the type strains of Limnohabitans parvus and Limnohabitans planktonicus were 98.2, 96.5 and 97.0 %, respectively. DNA-DNA reassociation analyses with DNA of the type strains of all three previously described Limnohabitans species revealed similarity values in the range 26.2-44.6 %. The predominant fatty acids of the isolate were C(16 : 1)ω7c/ω6c, C(16 : 0), C(12 : 0) and C(8 : 0) 3-OH, the major quinone was ubiquinone Q-8 and the DNA G+C content was 55.8 mol%. The isolate could be discriminated from the type strains of the three Limnohabitans species by several phenotypic traits including differences in the utilization of several carbon sources. Based on the phylogeny of the isolate and its differences from the three most closely related species, the isolate represents a novel species for which the name Limnohabitans australis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MWH-BRAZ-DAM2D(T) (=DSM 21646(T)=CCUG 56719(T)).
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY 12/2010; 60(Pt 12):2946-50. · 2.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two bacterial strains, II-B4(T) and II-D5(T), isolated from the meso-eutrophic freshwater Římov reservoir (Czech Republic), were characterized phenotypically, phylogenetically and chemotaxonomically. Both strains were chemo-organotrophic, facultatively anaerobic, non-motile rods, with identical DNA G+C contents of 59.9 mol%. Their major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine and their major fatty acids were C(16 : 1)ω7c/C(16 : 1)ω6c, C(16 : 0), C(18 : 1)ω7c/C(18 : 1)ω6c and C(12 : 0). Both strains contained Q-8 as the only respiratory quinone component. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of the two strains possessed 99.1 % similarity; however, the level of DNA-DNA reassociation was only 26.7 %. The strains can also be discriminated from each other by several chemotaxonomic and biochemical traits. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed the affiliation of both strains with the genus Limnohabitans within the family Comamonadaceae. The two investigated strains represent the first isolated members of a narrow phylogenetic cluster (the so-called R-BT065 cluster) formed by a large number of environmental sequences and abundant populations detected in the pelagic zones of various freshwater habitats. We propose to place the two strains in separate novel species within the genus Limnohabitans, Limnohabitans planktonicus sp. nov., with the type strain II-D5(T) (=DSM 21594(T) =CIP 109844(T)), and Limnohabitans parvus sp. nov., with the type strain II-B4(T) (=DSM 21592(T) =CIP 109845(T)). The description of the genus Limnohabitans is emended accordingly.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC AND EVOLUTIONARY MICROBIOLOGY 12/2010; 60(Pt 12):2710-4. · 2.11 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated potential niche separation in two closely related (99.1% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity) syntopic bacterial strains affiliated with the R-BT065 cluster, which represents a subgroup of the genus Limnohabitans. The two strains, designated B4 and D5, were isolated concurrently from a freshwater reservoir. Differences between the strains were examined through monitoring interactions with a bacterial competitor, Flectobacillus sp. (FL), and virus- and predator-induced mortality. Batch-type cocultures, designated B4+FL and D5+FL, were initiated with a similar biomass ratio among the strains. The proportion of each cell type present in the cocultures was monitored based on clear differences in cell sizes. Following exponential growth for 28 h, the cocultures were amended by the addition of two different concentrations of live or heat-inactivated viruses concentrated from the reservoir. Half of virus-amended treatments were inoculated immediately with an axenic flagellate predator, Poterioochromonas sp. The presence of the predator, of live viruses, and of competition between the strains significantly affected their population dynamics in the experimentally manipulated treatments. While strains B4 and FL appeared vulnerable to environmental viruses, strain D5 did not. Predator-induced mortality had the greatest impact on FL, followed by that on D5 and then B4. The virus-vulnerable B4 strain had smaller cells and lower biomass yield, but it was less subject to grazing. In contrast, the seemingly virus-resistant D5, with slightly larger grazing-vulnerable cells, was competitive with FL. Overall, our data suggest contrasting ecophysiological capabilities and partial niche separation in two coexisting Limnohabitans strains.
Applied and environmental microbiology 03/2010; 76(5):1406-16. · 3.69 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The distribution of the phylogenetically narrow R-BT065 cluster (Betaproteobacteria) in 102 freshwater lakes, reservoirs, and various ponds located in central Europe (a total of 122 samples) was examined by using a cluster-specific fluorescence in situ hybridization probe. These habitats differ markedly in pH, conductivity, trophic status, surface area, altitude, bedrock type, and other limnological characteristics. Despite the broad ecological diversity of the habitats investigated, the cluster was detected in 96.7% of the systems, and its occurrence was not restricted to a certain habitat type. However, the relative proportions of the cluster in the total bacterioplankton were significantly lower in humic and acidified lakes than in pH-neutral or alkaline habitats. On average, the cluster accounted for 9.4% of the total bacterioplankton (range, 0 to 29%). The relative abundance and absolute abundance of these bacteria were significantly and positively related to higher pH, conductivity, and the proportion of low-molecular-weight compounds in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and negatively related to the total DOC and dissolved aromatic carbon contents. Together, these parameters explained 55.3% of the variability in the occurrence of the cluster. Surprisingly, no clear relationship of the R-BT065 bacteria to factors indicating the trophic status of habitats (i.e., different forms of phosphorus and chlorophyll a content) was found. Based on our results and previously published data, we concluded that the R-BT065 cluster represents a ubiquitous, highly active segment of bacterioplankton in nonacidic lakes and ponds and that alga-derived substrates likely form the main pool of substrates responsible for its high growth potential and broad distribution in freshwater habitats.
Applied and environmental microbiology 11/2009; 76(3):631-9. · 3.69 Impact Factor