Deog-Yeon Jo

Chungnam National University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (48)66.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mitoxantrone is a conventional agent for relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, an effective combination with other drugs and a feasible dosage has not been identified. A retrospective study of 46 patients with relapsed or refractory ALL was conducted to determine the efficacy of mitoxantrone and Ara-C treatment with (MEC) and or without etoposide (MC). Twenty-seven and 19 patients received MC and MEC chemotherapy, respectively. Twenty-two (48%) patients showed overall response [complete response (CR), 33%; CR with incomplete platelet recovery (CRp), 15%], and 10 of 22 responders received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Median overall survival (OS) was 6.2 months (95% confidence interval, 3.41-9.0). Thirteen (48%) patients in the MC group and 9 (47%) in the MEC group achieved CR/CRp (p = 0.96). Treatment-related mortalities in the MC and MEC groups were 3 (11%) and 4 (21%), respectively (p = 0.36). However, the MEC group frequently presented with grade 3 or higher bacteremia/candidemia (p = 0.013). No difference in OS was observed between the two groups (p = 0.769). In conclusion, salvage therapy consisting of mitoxantrone and Ara-C without etoposide appeared to be an effective bridge therapy to allogeneic SCT for patients with refractory or relapsed ALL. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Acta haematologica. 08/2014; 133(1):91-97.
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    ABSTRACT: The present study sought to elucidate the role of induction and consolidation therapy in elderly patients. We retrospectively collected data of 477 patients who were aged over 60 years at the time of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosis. The median overall survival (OS) was 339 days in the induction group (n = 266) and 86 days in the best supportive care group (n = 211) (P < 0.001). In the induction group, the complete remission (CR) rate was 58.3 %, and treatment-related death was 15.4 %. Successful induction was related to good performance [Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG <2)] [hazard ratio (HR) 3.215; P = 0.002]. Mortality correlated with failure to achieve CR (HR 4.059; P < 0.001) and poor performance status (ECOG >2) (HR 2.731; P = 0.035). In CR patients, poor karyotype and absence of consolidation (HR 2.313; P = 0.003) correlated with mortality. More than one cycle of consolidation was associated with better OS (P < 0.001). Lack of salvage therapy was associated with mortality in patients who did not achieve CR (HR 3.223; P = 0.005). Intensive induction in patients with good performance and >1 cycle of consolidation after CR may be the best strategy for improving OS in elderly AML patients.
    International journal of hematology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities and to identify the specific abnormalities associated with poor prognosis. A total of 2,474 patients whose conventional cytogenetics were available at the time of diagnosis were evaluated via a nationwide registry. Normal metaphase cytogenetics was observed in 2,012 patients (81.3%). Among the 462 patients with chromosomal abnormalities, there were 161 (34.8%) patients with hyperdiploidy, 197 (42.6%) with pseudodiploidy, 79 (17.1%) with hypodiploidy, and 25 (5.5%) with near-tetraploidy. Deletion 13 (Δ13) in metaphase was observed in 167 patients (6.8%). Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) was carried out in 967 patients (39.1%), and 66 (13.7%) out of 482 and 63 (10.3%) out of 611 patients were positive for t(4;14) and del(17p), respectively. With a median follow-up duration of 25.1 months, the median overall survival (OS) was 51.2 months (95% confidence interval, 46.5-55.9 months). In univariate analysis, the following four chromosomal abnormalities were significantly associated with a poor survival outcome: Δ13, hypodiploidy, del(13q) in FISH, and del(17p) in FISH. In the subsequent multivariate analysis, in which del(13q) and del(17p) in FISH were excluded due to a relatively low number of patients, Δ13 and hypodiploid status were independently associated with a poor survival outcome after adjusting for important clinical factors, including age, sex, performance, beta2-microglobulin, albumin, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Using conventional metaphase cytogenetics, we confirmed that both Δ13 and hypodiploid status were robust poor prognostic factors. The metaphase karyotyping should remain the primary cytogenetic tool and an essential investigation for risk stratification in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients.
    Annals of Hematology 03/2014; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer, and the second-highest cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Despite extensive research to identify novel diagnostic and therapeutic agents, patients with advanced gastric cancer suffer from a poor quality of life and poor prognosis, and treatment is dependent mainly on conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy. To improve the quality of life and survival of gastric cancer patients, a better understanding of the underlying molecular pathologies, and their application towards the development of novel targeted therapies, is urgently needed. Chemokines are a group of small proteins associated with cytoskeletal rearrangements, the directional migration of several cell types during development and physiology, and the host immune response via interactions with G-protein coupled receptors. There is also growing evidence to suggest that chemokines not only play a role in the immune system, but are also involved in the development and progression of tumors. In gastric cancer, CXC chemokines and chemokine receptors regulate the trafficking of cells in and out of the tumor microenvironment. CXC chemokines and their receptors can also directly influence tumorigenesis by modulating tumor transformation, survival, growth, invasion and metastasis, as well as indirectly by regulating angiogenesis, and tumor-leukocyte interactions. In this review, we will focus on the roles of CXC chemokines and their receptors in the development, progression, and metastasis of gastric tumors, and discuss their therapeutic potential for gastric cancer.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2014; 20(7):1681-1693. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We assessed the success rate of empirical antifungal therapy with itraconazole and evaluated risk factors for predicting the failure of empirical antifungal therapy. A multicenter, prospective, observational study was performed in patients with hematological malignancies who had neutropenic fever and received empirical antifungal therapy with itraconazole at 22 centers. A total of 391 patients who had abnormal findings on chest imaging tests (31.0%) or a positive result of enzyme immunoassay for serum galactomannan (17.6%) showed a 56.5% overall success rate. Positive galactomannan tests before the initiation of the empirical antifungal therapy (P=0.026, hazard ratio [HR], 2.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-4.69) and abnormal findings on the chest imaging tests before initiation of the empirical antifungal therapy (P=0.022, HR, 2.03; 95% CI, 1.11-3.71) were significantly associated with poor outcomes for the empirical antifungal therapy. Eight patients (2.0%) had premature discontinuation of itraconazole therapy due to toxicity. It is suggested that positive galactomannan tests and abnormal findings on the chest imaging tests at the time of initiation of the empirical antifungal therapy are risk factors for predicting the failure of the empirical antifungal therapy with itraconazole. (Clinical Trial Registration on National Cancer Institute website, NCT01060462).
    Journal of Korean medical science 01/2014; 29(1):61-8. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transfusional iron overload and its consequences are challenges in chronically transfused patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) or aplastic anemia (AA). This was a prospective, multicenter, open-label study to investigate the efficacy of deferasirox (DFX) by serial measurement of serum ferritin (S-ferritin) level, liver iron concentration (LIC) level using relaxation rates magnetic resonance imaging, and other laboratory variables in patients with MDS or AA. A total of 96 patients showing S-ferritin level of at least 1000 ng/mL received daily DFX for up to 1 year. At the end of the study, S-ferritin level was significantly decreased in MDS (p = 0.02366) and AA (p = 0.0009). LIC level was also significantly reduced by more than 6.7 mg Fe/g dry weight from baseline. Hemoglobin level and platelet counts were significantly increased from baseline (p = 0.002 and p = 0.025, respectively) for patients showing significant anemia or thrombocytopenia. Elevated alanine aminotransferase was also significantly decreased from baseline. This study shows that DFX is effective in reducing S-ferritin and LIC level in transfusional iron overload patients with MDS or AA and is well tolerated. In addition, positive effects in hematologic and hepatic function can be expected with DFX. Iron chelation treatment should be considered in transfused patients with MDS and AA when transfusion-related iron overload is documented.
    Transfusion 12/2013; · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    Dataset: applic1
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    ABSTRACT: Many Korean patients with transfusion-induced iron overload experience serious clinical sequelae, including organ damage, and require lifelong chelation therapy. However, due to a lack of compliance and/or unavailability of an appropriate chelator, most patients have not been treated effectively. Deferasirox (DFX), a once-daily oral iron chelator for both adult and pediatric patients with transfusion-induced iron overload, is now available in Korea. The effectiveness of deferasirox in reducing or maintaining body iron has been demonstrated in many studies of patients with a variety of transfusion-induced anemias such as myelodysplastic syndromes, aplastic anemia, and other chronic anemias. The recommended initial daily dose of DFX is 20 mg/kg body weight, taken on an empty stomach at least 30 min before food and serum ferritin levels should be maintained below 1000 ng/mL. To optimize the management of transfusion-induced iron overload, the Korean Society of Hematology Aplastic Anemia Working Party (KSHAAWP) reviewed the general consensus on iron overload and the Korean data on the clinical benefits of iron chelation therapy, and developed a Korean guideline for the treatment of iron overload.
    Journal of Korean medical science 11/2013; 28(11):1563-1572. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a retrospective analysis of lenalidomide with dexamethasone for patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) who were treated within the Korean patient access program. Lenalidomide has been approved for RRMM for several years in Europe and North America, but has not been accessible to Asian patients in the past. Between 2008 and 2012, 110 patients from 20 hospitals were enrolled. The overall response rate (ORR) was 43.6 % with 15.4 % of very good partial response (VGPR) or better. The median time to progression (TTP) in this heavily pretreated patient population was 8.0 months, and median overall survival (OS) was 23 months. Hematologic toxicities, fatigue, anorexia, and constipation were the most common adverse events. The number of previous treatment lines, previous exposure to thalidomide, refractoriness to thalidomide and bortezomib, pretreatment white blood cell count (WBC), platelet count, t(14;16), and 17p deletion were significant prognostic factors for TTP, and creatinine clearance, refractoriness to thalidomide and bortezomib, performance status, platelet count, and 17p deletion were significant for OS in univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, WBC and platelet count were significant prognostic factors for TTP and performance status for OS. For Korean myeloma patients, lenalidomide showed considerable efficacy, and toxicities were comparable to the data published in Europe and North America.
    Annals of Hematology 09/2013; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    Hyewon Ryu, Choongsik Lee, Deog-Yeon Jo
    Blood research. 09/2013; 48(3):170.
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    Deog-Yeon Jo
    Blood research. 09/2013; 48(3):165-166.
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    ABSTRACT: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is characterized by chronic, complement-mediated hemolysis, frequently leading to debilitating clinical symptoms and life-threatening complications such as thromboembolism (TE). A retrospective analysis was performed on 301 patients from the South Korean National PNH Registry to describe disease burden and identify TE-associated risk factors. TE was identified in 18 % of patients and was associated with increased risk for mortality [odds ratio (OR), 6.85; P < 0.001]. A multivariate analysis showed that PNH patients with elevated hemolysis [lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels ≥1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)] at diagnosis were at significantly higher risk for TE than patients with LDH <1.5 × ULN (OR 7.0; P = 0.013). The combination of LDH ≥1.5 × ULN with the clinical symptoms of abdominal pain, chest pain, dyspnea, or hemoglobinuria was associated with a greater increased risk for TE than elevated hemolysis or clinical symptoms alone. Continuous monitoring of these risk factors is critical for identifying PNH patients at risk for morbidities and mortality and allowing early intervention. (clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01224483).
    International journal of hematology 05/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the role of endogenous stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1; CXCL12) in the survival and proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells in vitro. CD34+ cells from the peripheral blood of five patients with AML, as well as five AML cell lines, produced and secreted SDF-1. Knock-down of endogenous SDF-1 expression using siRNA technology downregulated the constitutive phosphorylation of SDF-1-related signaling molecules and significantly inhibited spontaneous proliferation of the AML cell lines during a 3-day incubation in serum-free conditions. These results indicate that endogenous SDF-1 expression by AML cells plays a role in the autonomous growth of the cells.
    Leukemia research 03/2013; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the approximate incidence and clinical features of pernicious anemia in a Korean population, we retrospectively analyzed clinical data for patients with pernicious anemia who were diagnosed between 1995 and 2010 at five hospitals in Chungnam province. Ninety-seven patients were enrolled, who accounted for 24% of patients with vitamin B(12) deficiency anemia. The approximate annual incidence of pernicious anemia was 0.3 per 100,000. The median age was 66 (range, 32-98) yr, and the male/female ratio was 1.25. Anemia-associated discomfort was the most common symptom (79.4%), followed by gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms (78.4% and 38.1%, respectively). Pancytopenia was found in 36 patients (37.1%), and autoimmune disorders were found in 15 patients (15.5%). Antibody to intrinsic factor was detected in 62 (77.5%) of 80 patients examined, and antibody to parietal cells was detected in 35 (43.2%) of 81 patients examined. Of the 34 patients who underwent tests for Helicobacter pylori, 7 (12.5%) were positive. The anemia-associated and gastrointestinal symptoms resolved completely in all patients after intramuscular injection of cobalamin, whereas neurological symptoms remained in some. In conclusion, pernicious anemia is less frequent in Koreans than in Western populations; however, the clinical features of this disorder in Koreans do not differ from those of Western cases.
    Journal of Korean medical science 02/2013; 28(2):200-4. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    Dataset: Acta Haem
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    ABSTRACT: AIM: The Korean Multiple Myeloma Working Party performed a nationwide registration of multiple myeloma patients via a web-based data bank system. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed registered data from 3,209 patients since 1999. RESULTS: The median overall survival (OS) was 50.13 months (95% confidence interval: 46.20-54.06 months). Patients < or =40 years demonstrated a longer OS than patients >65 years of age (median OS 71.13 vs. 36.73 months, p < 0.001). Patients who received novel agents at any time during their treatments showed a longer OS than patients who did not (median OS 42.23 vs. 55.50 months, p < 0.001). Response to treatment was associated with OS, with tandem autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) producing longer OS than single autologous SCT. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated associations between survival outcomes and treatment modalities as well as baseline disease characteristics in a registry of multiple myeloma patients using a web-based data analysis.
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    ABSTRACT: Given the important role of CXCR4 in cancer metastasis, microenvironmental factors that modulate CXCR4 may have an impact on the process of tumor expansion. Hypoxia is a common feature of solid tumors and a significant microenvironmental factor that drives aggressive behavior. CXCR4 is upregulated in several cancer cells under hypoxic conditions, suggesting a relationship between tumor hypoxia and CXCR4. However, the role of hypoxia in regulating CXCR4 in gastric cancer remains poorly understood. KATO III gastric cancer cells were exposed to hypoxia or normoxia. CXCR4 expression in cells transfected with shRNA specific for HIF-1α was investigated by western blotting and flow cytometry. Wound healing, migration and invasion assays were used to assess cell motility and the chemotactic response to CXCL12, a major CXCR4 ligand. CXCR4 expression at the protein level and in the cell membrane was significantly increased in KATO III cells following exposure to hypoxia. This upregulation of CXCR4 was implicated in increased cell motility and enhanced chemotactic responses (migration and invasion) to CXCL12 treatment in vitro. The increases in CXCR4 expression and metastatic potential in gastric cancer cells exposed to hypoxia were blocked by HIF-1α-specific shRNA. Our results indicate that hypoxia upregulates CXCR4 in gastric cancer cells in a HIF-1α-dependent manner, and that upregulation of CXCR4 plays a role in cancer cell migration and invasion. Thus, disrupting the hypoxia-HIF-1α-CXCR4 axis could be an attractive therapeutic strategy for the treatment of gastric cancer.
    Oncology Reports 09/2012; 28(6):2239-46. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    Ik-Chan Song, Deog-Yeon Jo
    The Korean journal of hematology 09/2012; 47(3):162.
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared the results of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) from unrelated and related donors in 142 consecutive patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The cumulative incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 37.6% in the related PBSCT group and 53.7% in the unrelated PBSCT group. The cumulative incidence of extensive chronic GVHD was also higher in the unrelated PBSCT group (19.5%) than in the related PBSCT group (8.9%). The overall survival rate at 4 years was 62.4 ± 5.4 and 53.8 ± 1.2% (p = 0.535) in the related and unrelated PBSCT group, respectively. In a multivariate analysis, unrelated PBSCT was identified as a risk factor for the development of extensive chronic GVHD (hazard ratio = 3.019, p = 0.027). Unfavorable cytogenetics and the disease status at the time of transplantation were found to be related to overall survival. In the case of high-risk AML, the survival rate and relapse incidence were significantly better in the matched unrelated PBSCT group (p = 0.047 and 0.039, respectively). In conclusion, the allogeneic PBSCT outcomes for AML were comparable in the matched related and matched unrelated groups. Nonetheless, for high-risk AML patients, matched unrelated PBSCT was found to be preferable to matched related PBSCT.
    Acta Haematologica 12/2011; 127(2):81-9. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have been detected in various proportions of patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), but the clinical significance of this is debatable. The present study aimed to determine the frequency and clinical implications of elevated aPL in adult patients with ITP. We prospectively studied newly diagnosed adult patients with ITP who were enrolled between January 2003 and December 2008 at Chungnam National University Hospital. They were evaluated for the presence of lupus anticoagulant (LA) and anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) at diagnosis and were followed for the development of thrombosis. Seventy consecutive patients with ITP (median age, 48 years; range, 18 to 79) were enrolled. Twenty patients (28.5%) were positive for aPL at the time of diagnosis: aCL alone in 15 (75%), aCL and LA in two (10%), and LA alone in three (15%). Patients who had platelet counts < 50,000/µL were administered oral prednisolone with or without intravenous immune globulin. No difference was found between the aPL-positive and -negative groups regarding gender, initial platelet count, and response to the therapy. After a median follow-up of 20 months (range, 2 to 68), two of 20 patients who were aPL-positive (10%) developed thrombosis, whereas no thrombotic event was found among those who were aPL-negative. Our data suggest that aPL levels should be determined at the initial presentation of ITP and that patients found to be aPL-positive should receive closer follow-up for thrombotic events.
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 12/2011; 26(4):449-54.
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    Deog-Yeon Jo
    The Korean journal of hematology 12/2011; 46(4):209-10.

Publication Stats

206 Citations
66.24 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006–2014
    • Chungnam National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011–2013
    • Catholic University of Korea
      • • College of Medicine
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003–2013
    • Chungnam National University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Seongnam, Gyeonggi, South Korea
  • 2010–2011
    • Kyungpook National University Hospital
      • Department of Hemato-Oncology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea