Qiong Yuan

Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wu-han-shih, Hubei, China

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Publications (19)54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are involved in the repair of vessels and angiogenesis and are useful in the treatment of ischemic diseases. The dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH)/asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) pathway is regulated by silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1), leading to the senescence of endothelial cells (ECs). Here, we demonstrated that peripheral blood EPCs predominantly expressed DDAH2 that increased with EPC differentiation. EPC senescence and dysfunction were induced on interruption of DDAH2 expression, whereas the mRNA expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and kinase-domain insert containing receptor (KDR) were downregulated. Moreover, SIRT1 expression increased with EPC differentiation. Interruption of SIRT1 inhibited DDAH2, VEGF, and KDR expression, but had no effect on the level of ADMA. From our data, we concluded that DDAH2 is involved in the differentiation of EPCs and regulates the senescence and function of EPCs through the VEGF/KDR pathway by activation of SIRT1.
    Cell Biology International 04/2014; · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), which can be hydrolyzed by dimethylarginine-dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH). It has been reported that adipocytes can produce DDAH/ADMA, but its role remains unknown. In the present study, we examined the effects of adipocyte-derived DDAH/ADMA on insulin sensitivity using animal and cell models. Results showed that in adipose tissue of high fat diet-fed diabetic rats, as well as in high glucose (25 mM) plus insulin (100 nM)-treated 3T3-L1 adipocytes, expression levels of insulin receptor substance-1 (IRS-1), glucose transporter-4 (GLUT-4), and DDAH isoform-2 (DDAH-2) were down-regulated compared with control, although DDAH-1 expression showed no significant changes. We also observed that nitric oxide bioavailability, DDAH and NOS activities were subsequently decreased, while the local ADMA content was elevated in diabetic adipose tissue. Transfection of human DDAH-2 gene into high glucose- and insulin-treated 3T3-L1 adipocytes significantly ameliorated DDAH activity, reduced ADMA contents, and up-regulated the mRNA expression levels of IRS-1 and GLUT-4. These findings suggested that in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, local DDAH-2 in adipocytes might play an important role in regulating insulin sensitivity.
    Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica 05/2013; · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial dysfunction is the early stage of atherosclerosis, which is typically associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, is not only an independent predictor for endothelial dysfunction but also a proinflammatory mediator. It has been shown that the level of ADMA was elevated in patients with RA. In the present study, we investigated the potential effect of ADMA on inflammation process in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) animal model and primary cultured fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) exposed to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). In CIA rats, the plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 were markedly increased, while the plasma levels of ADMA did not increase. The expression of dimethylarginine dimethylohydrolase2 (DDAH2), the key enzyme for ADMA degradation, was markedly reduced in inflamed joint synovium of CIA rats. Moreover, the expression of anti-inflammatory factor cortistatin (CST) was markedly decreased in joint synovium of CIA rats. Treatment of cultured FLS with TNF-α significantly increased the levels of ADMA, and decreased the expression of DDAH2 mRNA and protein accompany with an increase in the levels of IL-1β and IL-6 and a reduction in the expression of CST mRNA and protein, and the effects of TNF-α were abolished by DDAH2 overexpression. Treatment of FLS with ADMA also significantly increased the levels of IL-1β and IL-6, and reduced the expression of CST. These findings suggest that DDAH/ADMA participates in the pathogenesis of RA, and that the effect of DDAH/ADMA may be mediated by CST.
    International immunopharmacology 04/2013; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are significant morphological and biochemical alterations during nerve growth factor (NGF)-promoted neuronal differentiation, and the process is regulated by molecules, including nitric oxide (NO). Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) is thought to play a critical role in regulating NO production via hydrolyzing the endogenous NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). Thus, we tested the role of DDAH in NGF-promoted differentiation of PC12 (pheochromocytoma) cells. The present results show that both mRNA and protein levels of DDAH1 were increased, whereas those of DDAH2 were decreased, during NGF-promoted cell differentiation. Both the DDAH activity and the ADMA level in cultured medium were unchanged in this process. NGF promoted neurite formation and induced the expression of microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2), a neuronal marker, which were both significantly repressed by DDAH1 silence with small interfering RNA but not by DDAH2 silence. The expressions of three isoforms of NOS were markedly upregulated after NGF stimulation with a time course similar to that of DDAH1, which were attenuated by DDAH1 silence. Conversely, overexpression of DDAH1 accelerated neurite formation in PC12 cells, concomitantly with upregulating the expression of three NOS isoforms. In summary, our data reveal the critical regulatory effect of DDAH1 on NGF-promoted differentiation of PC12 cells in an NOS/NO-dependent but ADMA-independent manner.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 06/2012; 90(6):1209-17. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperglycemia impairs the function of endothelial cells. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is involved in regulating the function of endothelial cells. Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in many plant species, exerts protective effects on endothelial cells through activation of SIRT1. The aims of this work were to explore whether BTM-0512, a novel derivative of resveratrol, is able to exert beneficial effects on high glucose-induced dysfunction of endothelial cells through regulation of SIRT1. We found that high glucose significantly impaired the function of endothelial cells as shown by reduced tube formation, cell migration, and cell adhesion concomitantly with downregulation of mRNA expression of SIRT1 and vascular endothelial growth factor as well as increased tumor necrosis factor-α release and reactive oxygen species production. These effects of high glucose were inhibited by pretreatment with BTM-0512. The beneficial effects of BTM-0512 on high glucose-induced cell dysfunction were abolished by splitomicin, a specific inhibitor of SIRT1. The regulatory effects of BTM-0512 on high glucose-induced changes in vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA expression and tumor necrosis factor-α release were also abolished by splitomicin. The results suggest that BTM-0512 exerts beneficial effects on high glucose-induced endothelial cell dysfunction through regulation of the SIRT1 - reactive oxygen species - vascular endothelial growth factor - tumor necrosis factor-α pathway.
    Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 09/2011; 89(10):713-22. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is an important enzyme involved in the genesis and development of atherosclerosis. Vascular peroxidase 1 (VPO1) is a newly discovered member of the peroxidase family that is mainly expressed in vascular endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells and has structural characteristics and biological activity similar to those of MPO. Our specific aims were to explore the effects of VPO1 on endothelial cell apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and the underlying mechanisms. The results showed that ox-LDL induced endothelial cell apoptosis and the expression of VPO1 in endothelial cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner concomitant with increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and hypochlorous acid (HOCl) generation, and up-regulated protein expression of the NADPH oxidase gp91(phox) subunit and phosphorylation of p38 MAPK. All these effects of ox-LDL were inhibited by VPO1 gene silencing and NADPH oxidase gp91(phox) subunit gene silencing or by pretreatment with the NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin or diphenyliodonium. The p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 or the caspase-3 inhibitor DEVD-CHO significantly inhibited ox-LDL-induced endothelial cell apoptosis, but had no effect on intracellular ROS and HOCl generation or the expression of NADPH oxidase gp91(phox) subunit or VPO1. Collectively, these findings suggest for the first time that VPO1 plays a critical role in ox-LDL-induced endothelial cell apoptosis and that there is a positive feedback loop between VPO1/HOCl and the now-accepted dogma that the NADPH oxidase/ROS/p38 MAPK/caspase-3 pathway is involved in ox-LDL-induced endothelial cell apoptosis.
    Free Radical Biology and Medicine 07/2011; 51(8):1492-500. · 5.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Profilin-1, a regulator of actin polymerization, has recently been linked to vascular hypertrophy and remodeling. Whether profilin-1 is involved in angiotensin (Ang) II-induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells leading to vascular remodeling in hypertension remains unclear. The present study was designed to analyze the correlation of profilin-1 and vascular remodeling during hypertension and to evaluate the role of profilin-1 in proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and the underlying mechanisms. The vascular morphology and the expression of profilin-1 in arterial tissues of spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar-Kyoto rats were assessed. The profilin-1 expression was significantly increased concomitantly with definite vascular remodeling by evaluating the media thickness, lumen diameter, media thickness-to-lumen diameter ratio and mean nuclear area in artery media in spontaneously hypertensive rats, which was inhibited by treatment with losartan. In cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs), Ang II induced profilin-1 expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Knockdown of profilin-1 using small hairpin RNA inhibited Ang II-induced proliferation of RASMCs. Moreover, blockade of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway also inhibited Ang II-induced proliferation of RASMCs and profilin-1 expression. These results suggest that profilin-1 mediates the proliferation of RASMCs induced by Ang II via activation of Ang II type 1 receptor/JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway, which may contribute to vascular remodeling in hypertension.
    Vascular Pharmacology 05/2011; 55(1-3):34-41. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular peroxidase 1 (VPO1) is a newly identified haem-containing peroxidase that catalyses the oxidation of a variety of substrates by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Considering the well-defined effects of H(2)O(2) on the vascular remodelling during hypertension, and that VPO1 can utilize H(2)O(2) generated from co-expressed NADPH oxidases to catalyse peroxidative reactions, the aims of this study were to determine the potential role of VPO1 in vascular remodelling during hypertension. The vascular morphology and the expression of VPO1 in arterial tissues of spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar-Kyoto rats were assessed. The VPO1 expression was significantly increased concomitantly with definite vascular remodelling assessed by evaluating the media thickness, lumen diameter, media thickness-to-lumen diameter ratio and mean nuclear area in artery media in spontaneously hypertensive rats. In addition, in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells we found that the angiotensin II-mediated cell proliferation was inhibited by knockdown of VPO1 using small hairpin RNA. Moreover, the NADPH oxidase inhibitor, apocynin, and the hydrogen peroxide scavenger, catalase, but not the ERK1/2 inhibitor, PD98059, attenuated angiotensin II-mediated up-regulation of VPO1 and generation of hypochlorous acid. VPO1 is a novel regulator of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation via NADPH oxidase-H(2)O(2)-VPO1-hypochlorous acid-ERK1/2 pathways, which may contribute to vascular remodelling in hypertension.
    Cardiovascular Research 02/2011; 91(1):27-36. · 5.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1. It has been reported that resveratrol exerts the inhibitory effects on aging through activation of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH)/asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) pathway involved in the high glucose-induced endothelial cell senescence. 2. The aims of this work were to explore whether BTM-0512, a novel derivative of resveratrol, was able to exert the beneficial effect on high glucose-induced cellular senescence through regulating the DDAH/ADMA pathway and to explore whether the regulatory effect of BTM-0512 on DDAH/ADMA pathway was related to the activation of SIRT1. 3. The senescence model of endothelial cells was induced by high glucose and the cells were collected for the determination of beta-galactosidase and DDAH activity, ADMA level, DDAH and SIRT1 mRNA expression. 4. The results showed that high glucose significantly increased the ratio of senescent cells concomitantly with the decreased DDAH activity, the downregulated DDAH2 and SIRT1 mRNA expressions and the increased ADMA levels, which were attenuated by pretreatment with BTM-0512. 5. The beneficial effects of BTM-0512 on high glucose-induced senescence were blocked by splimtomicin, the specific inhibitor of SIRT1, or by silencing DDAH2 expression. 6. The results suggest that BTM-0512 was able to exert the beneficial effects on high glucose-induced cellular senescence through regulating the DDAH/ADMA pathway, and its regulatory effect on DDAH/ADMA pathway was related to the activation of SIRT1.
    Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 05/2010; 37(5-6):630-5. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular complications are major causes of disability and death in patients with diabetes mellitus. It is often characterized by endothelial dysfunction. Studies have shown that either the loss of nitric oxide bioactivity or the decreased biosynthesis of NO is a central mechanism in endothelial dysfunction. As such, the delivery of exogenous NO is an attractive therapeutic option that has been used to slow the progress of diabetic vascular complications. In this paper, a novel group of hybrid nitric oxide-releasing chrysin derivatives was synthesized. The results indicated that all these chrysin derivatives exhibited in vitro inhibitory activities against aldose reductase and advanced glycation end-products formation. And some of them were even found to increase the glucose consumption of HepG2 cells. Furthermore, all compounds released NO upon incubation with phosphate buffer at pH 7.4. These hybrid ester NO donor prodrugs offer a potential drug design concept for the development of therapeutic or preventive agents for vascular complications due to diabetes.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 05/2010; 18(9):3020-5. · 2.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A recent study showed that resveratrol, a polyphenol found in many plant species, exerts dual effects on gastric mucosal injury. By using the model of ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury in the present study, we explored the effect of trans-3,5,4'-trimethoxystilbene (BTM-0512), a novel analog of resveratrol, on gastric mucosal injury and the possible underlying mechanisms. Gastric mucosal injury in the rat was induced by oral administration of acidified ethanol. The gastric tissues were collected for determination of the gastric ulcer index, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and nitric oxide (NO) contents, the activity of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) and superoxide anion (O2(-)) or hydroxyl radical (OH*) formation. The results showed that acute administration of ethanol significantly increased the gastric ulcer index concomitantly with the decrease in DDAH activity and NO content as well as the increase in ADMA content, effects that were reversed by pretreatment with BTM-0512 (100 mg/kg) or L-arginine (300 mg/kg). Administration of BTM-0512 did not show a significant effect on O2(-) or OH. formation. The results suggest that BTM-0512 could protect the gastric mucosa against ethanol-induced injury, which is mainly related to an increase in DDAH activity and subsequent decrease in ADMA content.
    Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 05/2010; 88(5):562-7. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: L-glutamate plays a key role in neuronal cell death associated with many neurodegenerative conditions such as cerebral ischemia, hypoxia, Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's diseases. Selaginellin, a component extracted from Saussurea pulvinata (Hook.et Grev.) Maximo, was assessed for its ability to protect rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells against oxidative toxicity induced by glutamate. The differentiated PC12 cells were pretreated with various concentrations (10(-7), 3 x 10(-7), or 10(-6) M) of selaginellin for 1 h prior to exposure to L-glutamate. Selaginellin was shown to protect PC12 cells against glutamate toxicity, as determined by characteristic morphological features, lactate dehydrogenase release and cell viability, and apoptosis as evaluated by Hoechst 33342 staining assay and caspase-3 activity. In addition, the increase in levels of reactive oxygen species and decrease in klotho gene expression induced by glutamate were significantly reversed by selaginellin. Our study suggests that selaginellin has a neuroprotective effect against L-glutamate-induced neurotoxicity through mechanisms related to anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis via scavenging reactive oxygen species and up-regulating the expression of klotho gene.
    Archiv für Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie 11/2009; 381(1):73-81. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the role of anandamide (AEA) transporter in regulating calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) production and blood pressure. Plasma levels of AEA, CGRP, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and nitric oxide in patients with essential hypertension, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and 2 kidney 1 clip hypertensive rats and the CGRP mRNA expression in dorsal root ganglion of rats were measured. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were isolated to examine the AEA transporter activity, the role of AEA transporter in regulating CGRP mRNA expression or the effect of exogenous ADMA on AEA transporter activity. In both hypertensive patients and SHRs, the plasma level of AEA was elevated, but the AEA transporter activity was attenuated concomitantly with decreased CGRP production. Moreover, plasma ADMA level in SHRs was elevated accompanied by decreased nitric oxide level. By contrast, the plasma AEA level was elevated accompanied by increased CGRP production in 2 kidney 1 clip hypertensive rats, and there were no significant changes in plasma levels of ADMA, nitric oxide and the AEA transporter activity. In vitro, exogenous administration of AEA upregulated CGRP mRNA expression in lymphocytes, which was inhibited by AEA transporter blocker, AM404, and the AEA transporter activity was reduced by ADMA. Decreased plasma CGRP level in patients with essential hypertension or SHRs is likely due to the reduced AEA transporter activity, and the increased ADMA level may account for the reduced AEA transporter activity.
    Journal of Hypertension 07/2009; 27(6):1224-32. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To explore the role of anandamide (AEA) transporter in regulating calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) production and blood pressure. Methods and results: Plasma levels of AEA, CGRP, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and nitric oxide in patients with essential hypertension, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and 2 kidney 1 clip hypertensive rats and the CGRP mRNA expression in dorsal root ganglion of rats were measured. Peripheral blood lymphocytes were isolated to examine the AEA transporter activity, the role of AEA transporter in regulating CGRP mRNA expression or the effect of exogenous ADMA on AEA transporter activity. In both hypertensive patients and SHRs, the plasma level of AEA was elevated, but the AEA transporter activity was attenuated concomitantly with decreased CGRP production. Moreover, plasma ADMA level in SHRs was elevated accompanied by decreased nitric oxide level. By contrast, the plasma AEA level was elevated accompanied by increased CGRP production in 2 kidney 1 clip hypertensive rats, and there were no significant changes in plasma levels of ADMA, nitric oxide and the AEA transporter activity. In vitro, exogenous administration of AEA upregulated CGRP mRNA expression in lymphocytes, which was inhibited by AEA transporter blocker, AM404, and the AEA transporter activity was reduced by ADMA. Conclusion: Decreased plasma CGRP level in patients with essential hypertension or SHRs is likely due to the reduced AEA transporter activity, and the increased ADMA level may account for the reduced AEA transporter activity.
    Journal of Hypertension 05/2009; 27(6):1224-1232. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Visfatin, a new adipocytokine, was reported to promote angiogenesis. Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH), which could regulate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in endothelial cells, is thought as a novel modulator of angiogenesis. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of DDAH2 in visfatin-induced angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Visfatin could concentration- and time-dependently enhance cell migration and tube formation reflecting angiogenic capability of HUVECs. Moreover, visfatin upregulated both mRNA and protein expressions of DDAH2 and VEGF. Angiogenic effects of visfatin were attenuated by DDAH2 small interfering RNA. Visfatin-induced protein kinase B (Akt) phosphorylation and phosphoinositide 3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitors could suppress visfatin-induced upregulation of DDAH2 and VEGF expressions. Taken together, our results demonstrate that PI3K/Akt-mediated upregulation of DDAH2 expression plays a critical role in visfatin-promoted angiogenesis via regulating VEGF-dependent pathway.
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews 03/2009; 25(3):242-9. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown that the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and its specific hydrolase dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) are involved in the regulation of apoptosis in different cell types. In the present study, we investigated the role of the DDAH/ADMA pathway in cobalt chloride (CoCl(2))-induced apoptosis and the antiapoptotic effect of all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) in undifferentiated pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Treatment of CoCl(2) (125 microM) for 48 hr significantly induced the apoptosis of PC12 cells, concomitantly with increased intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and caspase-3 activity. CoCl(2) treatment also decreased the activity of DDAH and the expression of DDAH2 (mRNA and protein), resulting in an increased level of ADMA. All these alterations induced by CoCl(2) were attenuated by atRA (0.1, 1, or 10 microM). Interestingly, the antiapoptotic effects of atRA were inhibited by DDAH2 small RNA interference. In contrast, DDAH2 overexpression inhibited the proapoptotic effects of CoCl(2). We also found that treatment of exogenous ADMA (3, 10, or 30 microM) induced the apoptosis of PC12 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, which was inhibited by the antioxidant or the caspase-3 inhibitor. These findings suggest that the modulation of the DDAH/ADMA/ROS pathway plays an important role in CoCl(2)-induced apoptosis and the antiapoptotic effects of atRA in undifferentiated PC12 cells.
    Journal of Neuroscience Research 02/2009; 87(8):1938-46. · 2.97 Impact Factor
  • Cell Biology International 01/2008; 32(3). · 1.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Homocysteine (Hcy) could induce apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) has been thought as a novel risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that ADMA mediates homocysteine-induced apoptosis of VSMC. In this experiment the level of ADMA in the medium measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was elevated when the apoptosis of T/G HA-VSMC was induced by Hcy which was detected by Hoechst33342 staining or flow cytometry (FCM) with Annecin V+Propidium Iodide (PI). Exogenous ADMA induced the apoptosis of VSMC. At the same time, ADMA elevated the level of intracellular reactive oxidative species (ROS) determined by fluorescent ROS detection kit. The activation of JNK and p38MAPK contributed to ADMA-induced apoptosis of VSMC. The present results suggest that endogenous ADMA is involved in apoptosis of VSMC induced by Hcy, and the effects of ADMA is related to elevation of intracellular ROS and activation of JNK/p38MAPK signaling pathways.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 05/2007; 356(4):880-5. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, is a key contributor for endothelial dysfunction. Decrease in activity of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH), a major hydrolase of ADMA, causes accumulation of ADMA under cardiovascular abnormalities. The study was to determine whether nicotine-induced endothelial dysfunction is related to modulating DDAH/ADMA/NOS pathway. Four-week oral nicotine treatment (5 mg/kg/day) significantly increased the plasma level of ADMA and decreased aortic DDAH expression as well as impaired endothelial function in Sprague-Dawley rats. Similarly, the medium levels of both ADMA and lactate dehydrogenase were markedly elevated in umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with nicotine (10 microM) for 48 h. Nicotine-induced endothelial damages were markedly attenuated by L-arginine or overexpression of DDAH-II. Nicotine greatly downregulated both mRNA and protein levels of DDAH-II, and decreased DDAH activity in HUVECs. HUVECs express alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR), whose antagonists could block these effects of nicotine mentioned above. Intracellular Ca2+ chelator did not affect nicotine-induced decrease in DDAH-II mRNA level. In conclusion, nicotine modulates DDAH/ADMA/NOS pathway of endothelial cell via activation of alpha7 nAChR, which may be involved in endothelial dysfunction associated to smoking.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/2006; 349(2):683-93. · 2.28 Impact Factor