Akio Saiura

Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Edo, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (100)328.59 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Renal cell cancer (RCC) is one of the most frequent primary sites for metastatic pancreatic tumors although metastatic tumors are rare among pancreatic malignant tumors. The purpose of this study is to disclose the characterization and treatment outcomes of pancreatic metastases from RCC. Of 262 patients with metastatic RCC treated at our hospital between 1999 and 2013, the data of 20 (7.6%) who simultaneously developed or subsequently acquired pancreatic metastases were retrospectively reviewed and statistically analyzed. The median follow-up period from RCC diagnosis and pancreatic metastases was 13.4 years (inter-quartile range: IQR, 7.8-15.5 years) and 3.8 years (IQR, 2.1-5.5 years), respectively. Median duration from diagnosis of RCC to pancreatic metastasis was 7.8 years (IQR, 4.2-12.7 years). During this observation period, the estimated median overall survival (OS) time from the diagnosis of RCC to death or from pancreatic metastasis to death was not reached. The probability of patients surviving after pancreatic metastasis at 1, 3, and 5 years was 100, 87.7, and 78.9%, respectively. The estimated OS period from the diagnosis of metastases to death of the patients with pancreatic metastasis was significantly longer than that of the patients with non-pancreatic metastasis (median OS 2.7 years) (P < 0.0001). Surgical management for pancreatic metastasis was performed in 15 patients (75%). When the median follow-up period for these surgeries was 3.5 years (IQR, 1.9-5.2 years), the estimated median recurrence-free survival was 1.8 years. For the patients with multiple metastatic sites, molecularly targeted therapies were given to six (30%) patients. When the median follow-up period was 4.1 years (IQR, 3.0-4.4 years), no disease progression was observed. The pancreas is frequently the only metastatic site and metastasis typically occurs a long time after nephrectomy. The OS period of these patients is long and both surgical and medical treatment resulted in good outcomes.
    BMC Cancer 12/2015; 15(1):1050. DOI:10.1186/s12885-015-1050-2 · 3.32 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 04/2015; 148(4):S-1182. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(15)34035-X · 13.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine the prognostic value of a novel grading system based on the histologic assessment of poorly differentiated clusters (PDCs) in the primary lesions in patients with hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). Preoperative survival predictors for CRLM are required to determine candidates for perioperative chemotherapy who would otherwise have a poor prognosis. In total, 411 consecutive patients undergoing curative resection of primary colorectal cancers and metastatic liver lesions at 2 institutions were enrolled. Cancer clusters comprising ≥5 cancer cells, lacking a gland-like structure, were defined as PDCs and quantifiably graded. According to PDCs, 65, 127, and 219 patients were classified as being grades (G)1, G2, and G3, respectively. PDCs were associated with T and N stages and tumor budding in primary tumor, extrahepatic disease, and serum CEA levels (P ≤ .0001-.045), but not with the number and size of liver metastasis. PDC grade significantly influenced recurrence rate in extrahepatic sites, including the lung and peritoneum (P < .0001). The 2-year disease-free survival after hepatectomy was 64.6%, 38.8%, and 22.4% in G1, G2, and G3, respectively. Based on multivariate analysis, PDC grade was selected as an independent prognostic factor together with other conventional factors such as extrahepatic disease and the number of liver metastasis. PDC grade in primary lesions is a novel potent prognostic indicator in CRLM independent of the anatomic extent of disease. Notably, PDC grade can bias survival rates in clinical studies targeting perioperative chemotherapy in CRLM. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Surgery 02/2015; 157(5). DOI:10.1016/j.surg.2014.12.025 · 3.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the benefit of energy devices such as ultrasonically activated device and bipolar vessel sealing device in liver surgeries. Several studies have suggested the benefit of energy devices in liver transection, while a randomized trial has found no association between their use and surgical outcomes. Patients scheduled to undergo open liver resection were eligible for this multicenter non-blinded randomized study. They were randomized to receive an energy device (experimental group) or not (control group) during liver transection. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with intraoperative blood loss >1,000 mL. The primary aim was to show non-inferiority of hepatectomy with energy device to that without energy device. A total of 212 patients were randomized and 211 (105 and 106 in the respective groups) were analyzed. Intraoperative blood loss >1,000 mL occurred in 15.0 % patients with energy device and 20.2 % patients without energy device. The experimental minus control group difference was -5.2 % (95 % confidence interval -13.8 to 3.3 %; non-inferiority test, p = 0.0248). Hepatectomy with energy device resulted in a shorter median liver transection time (63 vs. 84 min; p < 0.001) and a lower rate of postoperative bile leakage (4 vs. 16 %; p = 0.002). The hypothesis that hepatectomy with energy device is not inferior to that without energy device in terms of blood loss has been demonstrated. The use of energy devices during liver surgery is clinically meaningful as it shortens the liver transection time and reduces the incidence of postoperative bile leakage.
    World Journal of Surgery 01/2015; 39(6). DOI:10.1007/s00268-015-2967-y · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the details of the surgical technique of pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) with systematic mesopancreas dissection (SMD-PD), using a supracolic anterior artery-first approach. An artery-first approach in PD has been advocated in pancreatic cancer to judge resectability, clear the superior mesenteric artery margin from invasion, or reduce blood loss. However, the efficacy of an artery-first approach in mesopancreas dissection remains unclear. This study involved 162 consecutive patients who underwent PD with curative intent. The patients were divided into 82 SMD-PDs and 80 conventional PDs (CoPD) and then stratified further according to the dissection level, that is, level 1 was applied to 24 simple mesopancreas divisions for early inflow occlusion including 11 SMD-PDs, level 2 for 63 en bloc mesopancreas resections (26 SMD-PDs), and level 3 for 75 patients who underwent a hemicircumferential superior mesenteric artery plexus resection to keep the margin free from cancer invasion (45 SMD-PDs). The clinical and imaging results were collected to assess the feasibility and validity of SMD-PD with an artery-first approach. Blood loss and operation duration were significantly less in the SMD-PD group than in the CoPD group among the total 162 patients. The imaging analysis showed that four fifths of pancreatic arterial branches came from the right dorsal aspect of the superior mesenteric artery and cancer abutment occurred exclusively from the same direction indicating the validity of an artery-first approach. SMD-PD using an SAA is feasible across PD cases, with acceptable short-term outcomes, and we propose this procedure as a promising option for PD.
    Annals of Surgery 01/2015; DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000001065 · 7.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To assess the usefulness of contrast-enhanced intraoperative ultrasound (CE-IOUS) during surgery for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) when gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (EOB-MRI) is performed as a part of preoperative imaging work-up. Background: EOB-MRI is expected to supersede CE-IOUS, which is reportedly indispensable in surgery for CRLM. Methods: One hundred consecutive patients underwent EOB-MRI, contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT), and contrast-enhanced ultrasound within 1 month before surgery for CRLM. Conventional IOUS and subsequent CE-IOUS using perflubutane were performed after the laparotomy. All the nodules identified in any of the preoperative or intraoperative examinations were resected and were submitted for histological examination, in principle. Results: Preoperative imaging examinations identified 242 nodules; 25 additional nodules were newly identified using IOUS, 22 additional nodules were newly identified during CE-IOUS, and a histological examination further identified 4 nodules. Among the 25 nodules newly identified using IOUS, all 21 histologically proven CRLMs and 3 of the 4 benign nodules were correctly diagnosed using CE-IOUS. Among the 22 nodules newly identified using CE-IOUS, 17 nodules in 16 patients were histologically diagnosed as CRLMs. The planned surgical procedure was modified on the basis of IOUS and CE-IOUS findings in 12 and 14 patients, respectively. The sensitivity, positive-predictive value, and accuracy of CE-IOUS were 99%, 98%, and 97%, respectively. Those values of EOB-MRI (82%, 99%, 83%, respectively) were similar to CE-CT (81%, 99%, 81%, respectively). Conclusions: CE-IOUS is useful in hepatic resection for CRLM, even if EOB-MRI and CE-CT are performed.
    Annals of Surgery 01/2015; DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000001085 · 7.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The efficacy of surgical resection for gastric cancer liver metastases (GCLMs) is currently debated. Hitherto, no large-scale clinical studies have been conducted.Methods This retrospective multicentre study analysed a database of consecutive patients with either synchronous or metachronous metastases who underwent surgical R0 resection for GCLM between 1990 and 2010. Clinical data were collected from five cancer centres in Japan. Survival curves were assessed, and clinical parameters were evaluated to identify predictors of prognosis.ResultsA total of 256 patients were enrolled. The mean(s.d.) number of hepatic tumours resected was 2·0(2·4). The surgical mortality rate was 1·6 per cent. Median follow-up was 65 (range 1–261) months. Recurrences were detected in 192 patients (75·0 per cent). The median interval from hepatic resection to recurrence was 7 (range 1–72) months, and the dominant site of recurrence was the liver (72·4 per cent). Actuarial 1-, 3- and 5-year overall and recurrence-free survival rates were 77·3, 41·9 and 31·1 per cent, and 43·6, 32·4 and 30·1 per cent, respectively. Median overall and recurrence-free survival times were 31·1 and 9·4 months respectively. Multivariable analysis identified serosal invasion of the primary gastric cancer (hazard ratio (HR) 1·50; P = 0·012), three or more liver metastases (HR 2·33; P < 0·001) and liver tumour diameter at least 5 cm (HR 1·62; P = 0·005) as independent predictors of poor survival.Conclusion Clinically resectable GCLM is rare, but strict and careful patient selection can lead to long-term survival following R0 surgical resection.
    British Journal of Surgery 01/2015; 102(1). DOI:10.1002/bjs.9684 · 5.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Splenic vein ligation may result in sinistral (left-sided) portal hypertension and gastrointestinal haemorrhage. The aim of this study was to analyse the pathogenesis of sinistral portal hypertension following splenic vein ligation in pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods Patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer between January 2005 and December 2012 were included in this retrospective study. The venous flow pattern from the spleen and splenic hypertrophy were examined after surgery.ResultsOf 103 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy with portal vein resection, 43 had splenic vein ligation. There were two predominant venous flow patterns from the spleen. In the varicose route (27 patients), flow from the spleen passed to colonic varices and/or other varicose veins. In the non-varicose route, flow from the spleen passed through a splenocolonic collateral (14 patients) or a spontaneous splenorenal shunt (2 patients). The varicose route was associated with significantly greater splenic hypertrophy than the non-varicose route (median splenic hypertrophy ratio 1·52 versus 0·94; P < 0·001). All patients with the varicose route had colonic varices, and none had a right colic marginal vein at the hepatic flexure.Conclusion Pancreaticoduodenectomy with splenic vein ligation may lead to sinistral portal hypertension. To avoid the development of varices, it is important to preserve the right colic marginal vein. Reconstruction of the splenic vein should be considered if the right colic marginal vein is divided.
    British Journal of Surgery 12/2014; 102(3). DOI:10.1002/bjs.9707 · 5.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies suggest that systemic inflammatory response is closely associated with cancer patient prognosis. Although several inflammatory prognostic markers have been proposed, the data to support their validity are lacking in large Japanese cohorts.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 10/2014; DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyu159 · 1.75 Impact Factor
  • Annals of Surgery 10/2014; DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000000833 · 7.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The rate of recurrence after liver resection for colorectal liver metastases (CLM) is high, and repeat resection (RR) is reserved with curative intent in selected patients. This study evaluated the benefit of RR for recurrence after liver resection for CLM. Data were collected on 287 consecutive patients who underwent primary curative hepatectomy between January 1999 and October 2008 for CLM at our institution. After median follow-up of 63 months, 211 patients (73 %) developed recurrence and RR was conducted in 102 (48 %) patients. Five-year overall survival (OS) was significantly higher in the RR group than in those patients not selected for RR (70 vs. 45 %, P = 0.002). On multivariate analyses, RR was identified as an independent factor for good prognosis. According to the first recurrence sites, 5-year OS after recurrence was significantly better in patients with liver or lung only recurrence (55, 51 %, respectively) than in locoregional/lymph node metastases and other/multiple sites recurrence (33, 9.0 %, respectively). In patients with liver- or lung-only recurrence, 5-year OS after recurrence was significantly higher in RR patients than in those without RR (liver; 67 and 0 %, lung; 88 and 24 %, respectively; P < 0.001). Given similar indication criteria as the primary CLM, nearly half of all recurrence cases after liver resection for CLM could be salvaged by RR. In patients with liver-or lung-only recurrence, RR warrants a favorable outcome.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 06/2014; 21(13). DOI:10.1245/s10434-014-3863-7 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of anatomical liver resection (ALR) guided by fused images comprising a macroscopic view and indocyanine green fluorescence imaging (fusion IGFI). Background: ALR is established in treating hepatocellular carcinoma or other malignancies to achieve curability and functional preservation. However, the conventional demarcation technique (CDT) marks only the organ surface and sometimes fails to execute a completely valid demarcation. Methods: Twenty-four consecutive ALRs for focal liver malignancy were studied using fusion IGFI. Indocyanine green was administered systemically after selective inflow clamping in 12 patients or by portal puncture and direct injection in 12 patients, and we compared demarcation findings between fusion IGFI and CDT. The strength of contrast between target and nontarget areas was quantitatively calculated as contrast index and compared between IGFI and CDT according to injection technique or state of the liver surface. Results: Fusion IGFI achieved valid demarcation in 23 of 24 patients (95.8%), whereas CDT achieved valid demarcation in only 10 patients (41.7%) (P < 0.0001). The contrast index of fusion IGFI was 0.81 (0.18-2.51), which was significantly higher than that of CDT at 0.12 (0.01-0.42) (P < 0.0001), and the same result was obtained regardless of the injection method or liver surface state used. ALR was conducted referring to 3-dimensional staining of target parenchyma, with no related perioperative adverse events. Conclusions: Fusion IGFI is a safe imaging technique for ALR that attained valid 3-dimensional parenchymal demarcation with better feasibility and clearer demarcation than CDT. Copyright
    Annals of Surgery 05/2014; DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000000775 · 7.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the molecular mechanism of desmoplastic reaction (DR) for providing aggressive tumor characteristics is increasingly recognized, the prognostic role of DR has not been investigated in colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). A pathologic review of 412 patients who underwent hepatectomy for CRLM at 2 independent institutions was conducted. DR in primary tumors was classified as mature, intermediate, or immature on the basis of the existence of keloid-like collagen and myxoid stroma-distinctive histologic products of extracellular matrix remodeling. With respect to DR, 137, 122, and 153 patients were classified as mature, intermediate, and immature, respectively. Immature DRs were associated with higher T and N stages, higher primary tumor grade, synchronous and larger size of liver metastasis, and extrahepatic disease (P≤0.0001 to 0.002). DR significantly influenced the rate of recurrence in extrahepatic sites, including the lung, peritoneum, and local region in the primary tumor (P≤0.0001 to 0.03), rather than the remnant liver. Five-year overall survival rates after hepatectomy were the highest in the mature group (58.9%), followed by intermediate (42.1%) and immature (26.7%) groups. A significant prognostic impact of DR was observed in subset analyses for institutions, primary tumor location, and timing and number of liver metastases. Multivariate analysis revealed that DR was an independent prognostic factor along with T stage of the primary tumor, size of liver metastasis, and extrahepatic disease. Characterizing DR in the primary tumor on the basis of histologic products of cancer-associated fibroblasts is valuable in evaluating prognostic outcome after hepatectomy in CRLM patients.
    The American journal of surgical pathology 05/2014; DOI:10.1097/PAS.0000000000000232 · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements 04/2014; 13(1):e1141. DOI:10.1016/S1569-9056(14)61121-0 · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. As a minimally invasive modality, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been increasingly applied not only for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma, but also for that of colorectal liver metastasis (CLM). However, RFA for CLM has been shown to be associated with a high local recurrence rate, and no optimal treatment for RFA failure has been established yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and outcome of surgical resection for local recurrence after RFA. Material and methods. A retrospective study of 17 patients, who underwent surgery for local recurrence after RFA for resectable CLM, was carried out. The surgical procedures involved in the actual surgery were compared with those envisioned for the primary resection if RFA had not been selected. Results. Surgical resection for RFA recurrence was more invasive than the envisioned surgical procedure in 10 cases (58%). In addition, the proportions of cases that required technically demanding procedures among the patients receiving surgery for RFA recurrence were higher than those in envisioned operations; major hepatectomy, eight cases [47%] versus two cases [12%] (p < 0.0205); excision and/or reconstruction of the major hepatic veins, three cases [18%] versus zero case [0%] (p = 0.035); excision of diaphragm: three cases [18%] versus zero case [0%] (p = 0.035). The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 92%, 45% and 45%, respectively. Conclusions. Surgical resection for RFA recurrence for CLM required more invasive and technically demanding procedures. Thus, RFA for CLM should be limited to unresectable cases, and patients with resectable CLM should be thoroughly advised not to undergo RFA, but rather surgical resection.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2014; 49(5). DOI:10.3109/00365521.2014.893013 · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative chemotherapy sometimes makes colorectal liver metastases disappear or diminish. Contrast-enhanced intraoperative ultrasound (CE-IOUS) using perflubutane may identify such metastases. Among 131 consecutive patients who underwent hepatic resection, 86 had received preoperative chemotherapy. Of these patients, 72 were examined using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT), gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (EOB-MRI), contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS), and CE-IOUS; these patients were the subject of the present study. Effects of IOUS and CE-IOUS to search for disappearing liver metastases (DLM) and tumors with a diameter of 1 cm or less based on the preoperative imaging were assessed. A total of 32 DLMs were noted in 11 patients. Four DLMs were identified using IOUS, and 16 DLMs (including the four DLMs identified using IOUS) were identified using CE-IOUS. Of the 16 DLMs that were missed using both IOUS and CE-IOUS, nine were resected using anatomical resection and seven were not resected. One of the nine resected DLMs was histologically proven to be adenocarcinoma. Three of the seven unresected DLMs showed tumor regrowth during a postoperative follow-up examination. CE-IOUS identified 79 % of the 19 DLMs that were ultimately confirmed as liver metastases, whereas IOUS identified 21 % of them (p < 0.004). Among the 202 tumors that were identified using preoperative imaging, 54 were 1 cm or less in diameter. The sensitivity of CE-IOUS for these tumors were superior to CE-CT (p < 0.04) and IOUS (p < 0.04), respectively. CE-IOUS might be necessary after preoperative chemotherapy for colorectal liver metastasis.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2014; DOI:10.1245/s10434-014-3576-y · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The use of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy for resectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) is controversial because no trial demonstrated its benefit. We conducted the phase III trial to evaluate UFT/leucovorin (LV) for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). The primary endpoint has not been available until 2014, we first report the feasibility and safety data of UFT/LV arm. In this multicenter trial, patients who underwent curative resection of liver metastases from colorectal cancer were randomly assigned to receive surgery alone or surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with UFT/LV. The primary endpoint was relapse-free survival. Secondary endpoints included overall survival and safety. A total of 180 patients were enrolled, 90 were randomly assigned to receive UFT/LV therapy. Eighty two of whom were included in safety analyses. In the UFT/LV group, the completion rate of UFT/LV was 54.9%, the relative dose intensity was 70.8% and grade 3 or higher adverse events occurred in 12.2% of the patients. Elevated bilirubin levels, decreased hemoglobin levels, elevated alanine aminotransferase levels, diarrhea, anorexia were common. Most other adverse events were grade 2 or lower and tolerable. In conclusions, UFT/LV is a safe regimen for postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in patients who have undergone resection of liver metastases from colorectal cancer. Further studies are warranted to improve completion rate, but UFT/LV is found to be a promising treatment in this setting.
    01/2014; 8(1):48-56. DOI:10.5582/ddt.8.48
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    ABSTRACT: Although a number of studies have reported acquired drug resistance due to administration of epidermal growth factor receptor antibody inhibitors, the underlying causes of this phenomenon remain unclear. Here we report a case of a 75-year-old man with liver metastasis at 3 years after a successful transverse colectomy to treat KRAS wild-type colorectal cancer. While initial administration of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors proved effective, continued use of the same treatment resulted in new peritoneal seeding. An acquired KRAS mutation was found in a resected tissue specimen from one such area. This mutation, possibly caused by administration of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors, appears to have conferred drug resistance. The present findings suggest that administration of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors results in an acquired KRAS mutation that confers drug resistance.
    BMC Research Notes 12/2013; 6(1):508. DOI:10.1186/1756-0500-6-508
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreas-sparing duodenectomy (PSD) is a promising alternative procedure to pancreaticoduodenectomy for the treatment of duodenal tumors with low-grade malignant behavior. Between March 2003 and September 2012, PSD was performed in 7 patients with a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) in the second (n = 5) or third (n = 2) portions of the duodenum. The short- and long-term outcomes of treatment were analyzed in all patients. The median blood loss was 160 mL, and the median operative time was 315 minutes. No pancreatic leakage or perioperative mortality occurred. Surgical margins were negative in all cases. All patients were alive at the median follow-up time of 42 months after PSD. The recurrence-free 5-year survival rate was 53% in all patients. Hepatic metastases developed in 2 of the 5 patients with high- or intermediate-grade risks at the time of diagnosis. Hepatic resection was performed, and imatinib mesylate was administered in the 2 cases. Good short- and long-term outcomes and surgical curability were observed in patients treated with PSD for duodenal GIST.
    American journal of surgery 10/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.05.009 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of repeat hepatectomy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma and colorectal liver metastases is widely accepted. However, the benefits of such treatment for intrahepatic recurrence of gastric cancer liver metastasis remain unknown. This study sought to clarify the survival benefit for patients undergoing repeat hepatectomy for gastric cancer liver metastasis. A total of 73 patients underwent hepatectomy for gastric cancer liver metastasis from January 1993 to January 2011. Macroscopically curative surgery was performed in 64 patients. Among them, repeat hepatectomy was performed in 14 of the 37 patients with intrahepatic recurrence. Among these 14 patients, clinicopathologic factors were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analysis to identify the factors affecting survival. The overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates after a second hepatectomy were 71, 47, and 47 %, respectively. The median survival was 31 months. Operative morbidity and mortality rates of repeat hepatectomy were 29 and 0 %, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified the duration of the disease-free interval as the only independent significant factor predicting better survival. In selected patients, repeat hepatectomy for recurrent gastric cancer liver metastasis may offer the same chance of cure as the primary hepatectomy. Disease-free intervals exceeding 12 months predict good patient survival after repeat hepatectomy.
    World Journal of Surgery 08/2013; 37(11). DOI:10.1007/s00268-013-2190-7 · 2.35 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
328.59 Total Impact Points


  • 2005–2015
    • Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research
      • Department of Urology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1999–2007
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Division of Surgery
      • • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2004
    • Kyushu University
      Hukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2003
    • Juntendo University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2001–2002
    • University Hospital Medical Information Network
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • Niigata University
      Niahi-niigata, Niigata, Japan