[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Protein-protein interactions play key roles in protein function and the structural organization of a cell. A thorough description of these interactions should facilitate elucidation of cellular activities, targeted-drug design, and whole cell engineering. A large-scale comprehensive pull-down assay was performed using a His-tagged Escherichia coli ORF clone library. Of 4339 bait proteins tested, partners were found for 2667, including 779 of unknown function. Proteins copurifying with hexahistidine-tagged baits on a Ni2+-NTA column were identified by MALDI-TOF MS (matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry). An extended analysis of these interacting networks by bioinformatics and experimentation should provide new insights and novel strategies for E. coli systems biology.
Genome Research 06/2006; 16(5):686-91. · 14.40 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The SCO2299 gene from Streptomyces coelicolor encodes a single peptide consisting of 497 amino acid residues. Its N-terminal region shows high amino acid sequence similarity to RNase HI, whereas its C-terminal region bears similarity to the CobC protein, which is involved in the synthesis of cobalamin. The SCO2299 gene suppressed a temperature-sensitive growth defect of an Escherichia coli RNase H-deficient strain, and the recombinant SCO2299 protein cleaved an RNA strand of RNA.DNA hybrid in vitro. The N-terminal domain of the SCO2299 protein, when overproduced independently, exhibited RNase H activity at a similar level to the full length protein. On the other hand, the C-terminal domain showed no CobC-like activity but an acid phosphatase activity. The full length protein also exhibited acid phosphatase activity at almost the same level as the C-terminal domain alone. These results indicate that RNase H and acid phosphatase activities of the full length SCO2299 protein depend on its N-terminal and C-terminal domains, respectively. The physiological functions of the SCO2299 gene and the relation between RNase H and acid phosphatase remain to be determined. However, the bifunctional enzyme examined here is a novel style in the Type 1 RNase H family. Additionally, S. coelicolor is the first example of an organism whose genome contains three active RNase H genes.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We propose an approach designed to reconstitute a metabolic pathway composed of multistep biochemical reactions, rather than to dissect the individual reactions that make up the pathway. A synthetic in vitro glycolysis was reconstructed from ten purified Escherichia coli (E. coli) enzymes to obtain a better understanding of the regulation of sequential enzymatic reactions. The key to the success of this approach is the ability to perform direct and simultaneous determination of the diverse metabolic intermediates in the pathway by capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry. We observed that the pathway is regulated by a delicate balance between the changing metabolite concentrations and behaves like a natural biological oscillating network that has hitherto not been reported for E. coli glycolysis. The end-product, pyruvate, was periodically synthesized from glucose at an overall efficiency of 30%, corresponding to an average of 90% conversion efficiency for each of the ten steps involved. This approach is likely useful for the synthesis of natural products requiring complex sequential biocatalytic reactions.