Hideki Otsuka

The University of Tokushima, Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan

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Publications (45)29.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Our aim in this study was to clarify the effects of respiratory-gated PET in the evaluation of lung cancer according to the (18)F-FDG uptake in an orthotopic transplantation mouse model. We created such a model, and we performed PET/CT. The mice were divided into two groups according to tumor volume: a small-tumor group (<20 mm(3)) and a large-tumor group (>20 mm(3)). We reconstructed the following conditions based on list-mode data: non-gated (3D) images and gated (4D) images, divided based on the respiratory cycle (expiration phase, stable phase, and inspiration phase). We calculated the maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) in each phase. We used the % difference [= (4D SUVmax - 3D SUVmax)/3D PET SUVmax × 100 (%)] to evaluate the differences in the 4D SUVmax and 3D SUVmax. The 4D SUVmax values were significantly higher than the 3D SUVmax, regardless of the tumor size. The % difference for the small tumors was greater than that for the large tumors, and it was highest in the stable phase. We conclude that the SUVmax in the stable phase under respiratory-gated PET are the most reliable. The SUVmax observed under non-gated PET are considered to be more frequently underestimated in cases involving small tumors than in those involving large tumors. In the chronologic study evaluating the time course of tumor development, the size of the tumor is small in early stage, and respiratory-gated PET is effective in reducing the underestimation of such tumors caused by respiratory motion.
    Radiological Physics and Technology 04/2015; 8(2). DOI:10.1007/s12194-015-0316-3
  • Hitoshi Kubo · Takuya Kobata · Hideki Otsuka · Masafumi Harada
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to find the optimal acquisition parameters of non-contrast-enhanced non-breath-holding pulmonary artery MRA using 3D-FSE imaging with variable flip angle echo trains. The 3D-FSE imaging method with variable flip angle echo trains (CUBE) was employed in this study. Pulmonary artery MRA was performed in five healthy volunteers using a 1.5 tesla (T) and a 3 T clinical scanner with multi-channel torso coils. The institutional review boards approved the study, and informed consent was obtained from all subjects. Prior to the CUBE studies, ECG-gated single-shot FSE scans were performed to determine the timing of systole and diastole. After that, CUBE scans with systolic timing and three adjusted (early, middle and delayed) diastolic timings using both ECG and respiratory gating were performed and subtracted images between systolic and diastolic images were calculated. Subtracted intensities of both lung parenchyma and pulmonary arteries were evaluated using the region of interest (ROI) function. Maximum intensity projection (MIP) images with six different scan parameters (three timings and two static magnetic fields) were processed for evaluation by the ranking method with visual assessment. Three observers each scored all six images and a statistical analysis based on the variation of ratings was performed. The subtracted intensities of pulmonary arteries and lung parenchyma with middle diastolic timing were higher than that with both early and delayed systolic timing. The same tendency was shown in both 1.5 T and 3 T images. Though the subtracted intensity of 3 T was higher than that of 1.5 T, the contrast ratio between lung parenchyma and pulmonary artery of 1.5 T was higher than that of 3 T. The MIP image using the 1.5 T scanner with middle diastolic timing obtained the best score by the visual assessment using the ranking methods. The middle diastolic timing using the 1.5 T scanner provides the best non-contrast-enhanced non-breath-holding pulmonary artery MRA.
    Nippon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai zasshi 11/2014; 70(11):1243-9. DOI:10.6009/jjrt.2014_JSRT_70.11.1243
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physiological uptake pattern of (18)F-FDG in the left ventricular myocardium of patients under preparation for tumor FDG-PET. Patients and methods: We enrolled 188 patients without cardiac disease. The accumulation patterns were classified as either 'none', 'diffuse', 'focal' or 'focal on diffuse'. When a focal uptake was only observed on the basal wall, then the patterns were classified as having either a 'ring', 'over half' or 'spot' uptake. Results: The frequencies of the myocardial FDG uptake patterns were as follows: none, n=52 (27.7%); diffuse, n=63 (33.5%); focal on diffuse, n=40 (21.3%) and focal, n=33 (17.6%). The age, blood glucose level, weight and dose of FDG did not differ significantly for each pattern. The focal and focal on diffuse patterns were seen in 73 patients, and 65 patients had a focal uptake only on the basal wall; ring uptake in 29 patients, over half in 20 and spot uptake in 16 patients. Conclusions: The physiological myocardial uptake showed several patterns. Focal uptake was often seen in patients with cardiac disease, but it did not always indicate an abnormal finding when the accumulation was only on the basal wall.
    The Journal of Medical Investigation 04/2014; 61(1.2):53-8. DOI:10.2152/jmi.61.53
  • Hitoshi Kubo · Tamaki Otani · Hideki Otsuka · Masafumi Harada
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a cyclotron on small-animal PET equipment installed directly above the cyclotron. Methods: The cyclotron equipment was HM-12, which has two targets, and the PET/CT equipment was Inveon. The equipment was installed in conformity to Japanese law and regulations. Before installation of the PET/CT equipment, the radiation dose, radio waves, and static and fluctuating magnetic fields were measured at the position where it would be placed, both when the cyclotron was in use and when it was not in use. After installation of the PET/CT, natural background and emission counts were measured at the same place under the same conditions. Results: An increase of radiation dose was observed when the target nearest the PET equipment was used. There were no distinct effects of radio waves or static and fluctuating magnetic fields. A significant increase of emission counts, approximately 300 cpm, was observed when the nearest target was used. Conclusions: Though radio waves and static and fluctuating magnetic fields generated by running cyclotron had no influence, a significant increase in emission count was observed. Careful attention should be paid to this influence when very low-radioactivity PET measurements are done.
    The Journal of Medical Investigation 04/2014; 61(1.2):46-52. DOI:10.2152/jmi.61.46
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction The utility of FDG PET/CT for the detection and evaluation of invasive ductal carcinoma has been widely reported, but a few studies have assessed the utility of FDG PET/CT to detect malignancy in a variety of pancreatic lesions other than invasive ductal carcinoma. Purpose To compare the diagnostic performance of visual estimation with the semi-quantitative scores of FDG PET/CT for detecting malignancy in a variety of pancreatic lesions other than invasive ductal carcinoma. Material and Methods Images of pathologically proven pancreatic lesions from 32 patients were retrospectively evaluated: 14 benign lesions, 7 borderline (low malignant) lesions, and 11 malignant lesions. The average scores from visual estimation by the two observers were compared to two semi-quantitative analyses of FDG uptake in the lesions, namely the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean). Results Visual analysis value, SUVmax and SUVmean were 0.33±0.21, 1.8±0.7 and 1.5±0.7 for the benign lesions, 0.70±0.28, 5.0±2.6 and 3.1±1.7 for the borderline lesions, and 0.73±0.18, 4.7±2.5 and 3.2±1.6 for the malignant lesions, respectively. Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed the areas under the curves for detecting non-benign (malignant or borderline) lesions through visual analysis, SUVmax, and SUVmean were 0.914, 0.954, and 0.875, respectively. Conclusion For a variety of pancreatic lesions other than invasive ductal carcinoma, visual analysis and semi-quantitative analyses all showed strong diagnostic performance. However, semi-quantitative analysis with SUVmax proved to be the most effective method for detecting non-benign pancreatic lesions. J. Med. Invest. 61: 171-179, February, 2014.
    The Journal of Medical Investigation 04/2014; 61(1.2):171-9. DOI:10.2152/jmi.61.171
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    ABSTRACT: Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) with [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) has recently been applied for evaluating tumor response to anticancer therapy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the utility of FDG PET-CT in monitoring non-invasively and repeatedly the inhibitory effect of cisplatin (CDDP) on an orthotopic lung cancer model. Validation of in vivo FDG uptake in human lung cancer Ma44-3 cell line in an orthotopic SCID mouse model was carried out. Next, we assessed the use of FDG PET-CT to monitor the response of orthotopic lung cancer to the anticancer effect of CDDP. SCID mice were divided into the CDDP group (7 mg/kg single dose intraperitoneally) and the control group. Tumor volume and maximal standardized uptake value (SUV max) were calculated for all mice. All mice were sacrificed for histopathologic analysis. Validation of FDG PET-CT showed that tumor volume and SUV max were significantly correlated with postmortem tumor length measured in specimens (P=0.023) and (P=0.012), respectively, and there was a significant correlation between SUV max and tumor volume (P=0.048). Response monitoring showed that significant growth inhibition by CDDP in the form of SUV max of the CDDP group was significantly lower than that of the control group on day 8 (P=0.02) and on day 13 (P=0.003). Tumor volume of the CDDP group was significantly lower than that of the control group on day 13 (P=0.03). The present study supports using FDG PET-CT in monitoring tumor progression and therapeutic response of lung cancer in an orthotopic model non‑invasively and repeatedly.
    Oncology Reports 03/2014; 31(5). DOI:10.3892/or.2014.3056 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the correlations between F-18 FDG uptake imaged with PET/CT and pathological findings in soft tissue lesions. Methods: Fifty-four soft tissue lesions in 47 patients were evaluated. The correlations between the degree of FDG uptake, pathological type and grade, and MRI signal intensity and/or enhancement pattern were evaluated. Tumor FDG uptake was quantified by the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). Results: Thirty-one lesions were malignant and twenty-three lesions were benign. The difference between SUVmax in the malignant and benign groups was statistically significant (p<0.001). Malignant myxoid lesions and well differentiated liposarcoma showed low FDG uptake. Benign neurogenic lesions showed low FDG uptake while malignant neurogenic tumors showed high FDG uptake, and the difference between SUVmax in the benign and malignant lesions was statistically significant (p<0.001). In a neurofibromatosis type-1 patient who had multiple neurogenic tumors, FDG-PET/CT could distinguish malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors from other benign lesions with similar MRI findings. Conclusions: FDG-PET/CT is useful for differentiating malignant from benign soft tissue lesions, but malignant soft tissue lesions may show various patterns on FDG-PET, and MRI may be helpful for a differential diagnosis.
    The Journal of Medical Investigation 11/2013; 60(3-4):184-90. DOI:10.2152/jmi.60.184
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Our purposes were to establish suitable conditions for proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to measure dynamic changes in alcohol concentration in the human brain, to evaluate these changes, and to compare the findings with data from analysis of breath vapor and blood samples. Materials and methods: We evaluated 4 healthy volunteers (mean age 26.5 years; 3 males, one female) with no neurological findings. All studies were performed with 3-tesla clinical equipment using an 8-channel head coil. We applied our modified single-voxel point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) sequence. Continuous measurements of MRS, breath vapor, and blood samples were conducted before and after the subjects drank alcohol with a light meal. The obtained spectra were quantified by LCModel Ver. 6.1, and the accuracy of the MRS measurements was estimated using the estimated standard deviation expressed in percentage (%SD) as a criterion. Results: Alcohol peaks after drinking were clearly detected at 1.2 ppm for all durations of measurement. Good correlations between breath vapor or blood sample and MRS were found by sub-minute MRS measurement. The continuous measurement showed time-dependent changes in alcohol in the brain and various patterns that differed among subjects. Conclusions: The clinical 3T equipment enables direct evaluation of sub-minute changes in alcohol metabolism in the human brain.
    Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences 07/2013; 12(3). DOI:10.2463/mrms.2012-0056 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) and the relationships among the expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), glucose transporter-1 (Glut-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), histological type, other clinical factors and FDG uptake in thymic epithelial tumours. Methods: Thirty-three patients who underwent FDG-PET/CT before treatment were reviewed. All types of tumours were reclassified into three subgroups: low-risk thymomas (types A, AB and B1), high-risk thymomas (types B2 and B3) and thymic carcinomas. Tumour contour, pattern of FDG uptake, tumour size and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) were obtained. Expressions of HIF-1α, Glut-1 and VEGF were analysed immunohistochemically, and these expressions were evaluated using grading scales. Results: FDG uptake was visually recognized in all (100%) tumours. A homogeneous pattern of FDG uptake was increasingly observed in the order of low-risk thymomas to high-risk thymomas to thymic carcinomas (P = 0.016). SUVmax for thymic carcinomas was significantly higher than that for thymomas (P = 0.008). With the optimal cut-off value of SUVmax of 5.6, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for diagnosing thymic carcinoma were 0.75, 0.80 and 0.79, respectively. Regarding the mean scoring of HIF-1α, Glut-1 and VEGF, increasing trends were observed in the order of low-risk thymomas to high-risk thymomas to thymic carcinomas. Tumour size revealed a significant correlation with SUVmax (r = 0.60, P < 0.001), and the expression of HIF-1α showed a moderate association, but the expression of Glut-1 showed no correlation with SUVmax. Regarding correlations between the expression of the three markers, there were moderate associations between HIF-1α and Glut-1, and HIF-1α and VEGF, and a significant correlation between Glut-1 and VEGF (r = 0.60, P < 0.001). In type B1 thymoma, HIF-1α and Glut-1 were partly expressed in non-neoplastic immature lymphocytes. Conclusions: FDG-PET/CT should be performed in patients with tumours in the anterior mediastinum because the pattern of FDG uptake and SUVmax are useful in the differential diagnosis of thymic epithelial tumours. Furthermore, the expressions of HIF-1α, Glut-1 and VEGF might be associated with malignancy of thymic epithelial tumours. In contrast, FDG uptake might be dependent on tumour size rather than Glut-1 overexpression.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 05/2013; 44(2). DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezt263 · 3.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of (201)Tl-SPECT in differentiating benign from malignant brain tumors. Methods and materials: Eighty-eight patients (44 males and 44 females) with 58 high-grade (WHO grade III-IV) and 30 low-grade (WHO grade I-II) tumors were evaluated with (201)Tl-SPECT. (1) Visual assessment was performed by board-certificated radiologists using (201)Tl-SPECT. Tumors were classified in two groups (Tl-positive and Tl-negative) and scored using the five grade evaluation system. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed in the Tl-positive group. (2) Semi-quantitative assessment involved measurement of early and delayed (201)Tl uptake, and the retention index (RI) was applied as follows: RI=delayed uptake ratio/early uptake ratio. Three combinations of RI using mean and maximum values of the region of interest were calculated. Results: (1) Seventy-four Tl-positive and 14 Tl-negative tumors. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) estimated by three radiologists exceeded a value of 0.7. The value was greater when estimated by the more experienced radiologist. (2) In all RIs, the difference of RI between high-grade tumors and low-grade tumors was statistically significant. Conclusion: A visual and semi-quantitative assessment using (201)Tl-SPECT was found to be useful for differentiating benign from malignant brain tumors.
    The Journal of Medical Investigation 04/2013; 60(1-2):121-6. DOI:10.2152/jmi.60.121
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    ABSTRACT: Incidental (18)F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in blood vessel walls is sometimes demonstrated during routine oncologic imaging with positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). FDG uptake in vessel walls can also be seen under some non-physiological conditions such as vasculitis and arteriosclerosis. Radiologists need to be aware of the diseases which can exhibit FDG uptake in the vessel wall for proper interpretation. J. Med. Invest. 60: 15-20, February, 2013.
    The Journal of Medical Investigation 04/2013; 60(1-2):15-20. DOI:10.2152/jmi.60.15
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and ultrasonography (US) in the staging of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. We compared preoperative evaluations regarding lymph nodes using PET/CT, US, and both methods. The cutoff for the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV(max)) in PET/CT was set at 2.7 by a receiver operating characteristic analysis that was based on the histopathological diagnosis. US was used to examine internal structural changes on B-mode and hilar vascularity on power Doppler. The performance of PET/CT and US in combination was better than that of each modality separately. However, there were histopathological changes that could not be detected on PET/CT or US. PET/CT could not detect nodes with necrotic or cystic changes. US could not detect lymph nodes that did not have abnormal structures. PET/CT and US are complementary tools to evaluate preoperative patients.
    10/2012; 114(4):516-25. DOI:10.1016/j.oooo.2012.06.004
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Postoperative follow-up and surveillance after curative resection for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients are generally performed. However, there is no consensus on the best programme at this time. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic capability of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) in postoperative NSCLC patients without clinical and radiological evidence of recurrence, as a follow-up and surveillance programme. Methods: Between January 2005 and April 2010, a total of 101 NSCLC patients underwent potentially curative operations and follow-up FDG-PET/CT was performed in patients without clinical and radiological evidence of recurrence at least once a year in principle. A total of 233 FDG-PET/CT studies were entered and retrospectively reviewed. Results: Eighteen (18%) asymptomatic patients had recurrent diseases and 22 recurrent sites were confirmed. Of 22 recurrent sites, recurrence was diagnosed by histological examination in 9 (41%) sites and by imaging examination in 13 (59%) sites. FDG-PET/CT correctly diagnosed recurrence in 17 of the 18 (94%) patients and 21 of the 22 (95%) recurrent sites. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy were 94.4, 97.6, 89.5, 98.8 and 97.0%, respectively. On the other hand, in 3 patients, other diseases were detected and treated appropriately. Post-recurrence therapies were performed in all patients with recurrence, but 4 (22%) patients died of the original diseases. The median post-recurrence survival was 25.2 months, and the 1- and 2-year post-recurrence survival rates were 83.3 and 69.6%, respectively. Conclusions: FDG-PET/CT is a useful tool that has high capability to detect recurrences in asymptomatic NSCLC patients after a potentially curative operation. However, a large-scale multi-institutional randomized control trial may be needed to ascertain the benefit of surveillance with FDG-PET/CT.
    Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 08/2012; 15(5):859-64. DOI:10.1093/icvts/ivs368 · 1.16 Impact Factor
  • Masafumi Harada · Hitoshi Kubo · Naomi Morita · Hideki Otsuka
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE To evaluate amino acids related to neurotransmitters and the GABAergic/glutamatergic system in patients with autistic disorder using a 3 Tesla MRI instrument. METHOD AND MATERIALS To observe the GABA level, the MEGA-editing pulses were incorporated into the point-resolved spectroscopic sequence (PRESS) on a 3 Tesla MRI instrument to obtain the J-difference editing spectra from a measurement voxel. Before the application to patients, the reproducibility of the MEGA-editing J-difference technique (MEGA-PRESS) were examined by the repeated twice measurements in fifteen normal subjects. For the evaluation of autistic patients, subjects were consisted of 65 patients with autistic disorder and 19 normal age-matched controls. All measurements were performed at the anterior cingulated cortex (AC) and occipital cortex (OC) using a conventional sequence for n-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and glutamate (Glu), and a MEGA-PRESS for GABA. The GABA levels in the gray matter were compensated by the fraction ratios of the gray and white matters and cerebrospinal fluid in the measurement volume. RESULTS The extent of the variation in GABA by the repeated measurements was almost the same as that observed in the major metabolites, and its reproducibility was also maintained (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.72). The compensated GABA level and GABA/NAA ratio at the AC in the patients were statistically lower (p<0.01) than those in the normal controls, but not different at the OC. The GABA/Glu ratio at the AC in patients was also lower (p<0.05) than that of the normal controls, thus possibly suggesting an abnormality of the regulation between GABA and Glu. CONCLUSION Autistic disorder may be related with the abnormality of GABAergic/Glutamatergic System which is consisted with the previous neurochemical studies. Proton MRS will reveal metabolic differences related with neurotransmitters in autistic patients. CLINICAL RELEVANCE/APPLICATION MEGA-PRESS would be useful for the non-invasive evaluation of GABAergic system, and this technique may show value to detect the abnormality or imbalance of neurotransmitters.
    Radiological Society of North America 2010 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting; 11/2010
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake and the pathological risk category of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), and to investigate the possibility of determining the pathological risk category by positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). Patients and We undertook 29 PET/CT studies in 20 patients with GISTs. Eleven of the 20 patients underwent PET/CT prior to therapy, with three of these also undergoing follow-up PET/CT after operation or imatinib therapy. All eleven lesions imaged before treatment were FDG-positive on PET/CT. Seven of these eleven primary lesions were categorized as high risk and the other four primary lesions were categorized as low or intermediate risk. There was a significant difference between the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the primary lesions categorized as high risk (11.8±3.15) and that of the primary lesions categorized as low and intermediate risk (2.88±0.47) (p<0.001). Recurrent tumors were also shown as FDG-positive. Primary GISTs and recurrent tumors can be detected by PET/CT. Our study suggests that the degree of FDG uptake is a useful indicator of risk category. In addition, PET/CT is probably useful for follow-up examinations of GIST after operation or imatinib therapy. J. Med. Invest. 57: 270-274, August, 2010.
    The Journal of Medical Investigation 08/2010; 57(3-4):270-4. DOI:10.2152/jmi.57.270
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluate whether integrated fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography and computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) scan can diagnose the presence of lymph node metastasis more accurately than computed tomography (CT) scan alone. Forty-two patients with lung cancer preoperatively underwent integrated PET/CT scan using FDG and CT scan and underwent pulmonary resection and lymph node dissection. We judged cases as lymph node metastasis if the lymph node visually accumulated FDG at PET/CT scan and measured 1 cm or greater in the short axis at CT scan. We retrospectively analyzed whether our judgments in each modality were consistent with the pathological diagnosis. Two-hundred and seventeen stations of lymph node were dissected and 21 stations (9.7%) were histologically diagnosed as positive metastasis. Thirty-two stations of lymph node visually accumulated FDG at PET/CT scan and 17 stations measured 1 cm or greater in the short axis at CT scan. Concerning the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis, PET/CT scan showed significantly higher sensitivity than CT scan (81% vs. 48%, p=0.024). The false-positive rate was significantly high in PET-positive lymph nodes measuring less than 1 cm in diameter. There were 4 false-negative lymph nodes with both scans. All of these were less than 7 mm in diameter and had a low percentage of metastatic foci in the lymph node. Concerning the diagnosis of N staging, there was no significant difference between PET/CT scan and CT scan (83% vs. 69%, p=0.124). However, the identification of N2 disease at PET/CT scan was significantly more accurate than that at CT scan (100% vs. 38%, p=0.031). PET/CT is superior to CT scan in lymph node staging. However, because the false-positive rate is high in PET-positive lymph nodes measuring less than 1 cm in diameter, we think that clinical background should be considered and other modalities or histological examinations should be undertaken if necessary. J. Med. Invest. 57: 305-313, August, 2010.
    The Journal of Medical Investigation 08/2010; 57(3-4):305-13. DOI:10.2152/jmi.57.305
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    ABSTRACT: The preoperative evaluation of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is important to avoid complications, because VTE is often induced by orthopedic surgery. We focused on radioisotope venography (RIV) using 99mTc-macroaggregated human serum albumin, examining orthopedic patients. We conducted 34 examinations in 33 patients who were referred for RIV and lung perfusion scintigraphy for the pre-orthopedic operative evaluation of VTE. Two board-certified (one nuclear medicine board-certified) radiologists interpreted the images based on the following: (1) flow defect of the lower extremities; (2) interruption of flow; (3) irregular or asymmetric filling of the deep vein (low flow); (4) presence of collateral vessels; and (5) abnormal RI retention on delayed-phase images. Scoring was based on a 5-point scale, and more than 2 points was considered VTE positive. Abnormal findings were noted in 27 of the 34 examinations performed in the 33 patients and normal findings in the other 7 examinations. According to the RI score, 21 patients were classified into the VTE-positive group and 12 into the VTE-negative group. Surgery was canceled because of advanced age and respiratory dysfunction in 2 of the 21 patients in the VTE-positive group. Of the 19 patients who underwent surgery, an IVH filter was placed before surgery in 2 and anticoagulant treatment with heparin and warfarin was initiated on the day of surgery in 12 to prevent postoperative VTE, and only one of the patients receiving anticoagulant treatment developed PTE after surgery. Surgery was canceled due to advanced age and at patient's request in 2 of 12 patients in the VTE-negative group. Anticoagulant treatment with heparin/ warfarin was performed to prevent postoperative VTE in only 3 patients: one with a past medical history of pulmonary infarction, one with atrial fibrillation, and one suspected of having antiphospholipid antibody syndrome. No patient in the VTE-negative group developed VTE after surgery. The preoperative identification of patients with VTE by RIV might be useful for perioperative management and the evaluation of preventive measures against postoperative VTE.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 02/2010; 24(2):107-13. DOI:10.1007/s12149-009-0334-5 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to select a suitable substrate candidate for dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) studies and demonstrate its utility for evaluating intracellular metabolism. Hyperpolarized substances included 1-(13)C-pyruvate (Pyr), 1-(13)C-glucose (Glc), and 1-(13)C-acetate. A DNP polarizer and a 600-MHz vertical small-bore scanner were used for (13)C-MR spectroscopic measurements. After polarization for 1 h, the dissolved solution was injected via a capillary line into the nuclear magnetic resonance tube in the scanner. The sequential spectra of the hyperpolarized (13)C-labeled substrates were acquired in durations of more than 120 s, and a thermal spectrum was obtained more than 1 h thereafter. FM3A cancer cells of mammary tumors were cultured for intracellular detection of the hyperpolarized (13)C-substances. The greatest sensitivity was found using Pyr with the longest T1 decay (51.5 s); and remarkably, the least sensitivity was observed using Glc with a signal decay of less than 2 s. An effective increase in sensitivity was shown using the other substances. The hyperpolarized intracellular study using (13)C-Pyr showed distinct elevation of lactate levels. The DNP technique is useful for evaluating intracellular metabolism. However, Glc is not suitable for use with the DNP technique.
    Japanese journal of radiology 02/2010; 28(2):173-9. DOI:10.1007/s11604-009-0390-8 · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Advanced imaging techniques, including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI), and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can provide more information than that regarding anatomy. These techniques have been commonly used in the clinical field and recently been shown useful in diagnosing brain tumors, especially in cases difficult to specify using conventional imaging. Differentiation requires more than attention to each advanced image. Diagnostic accuracy improves by combining information from MRS with that from other sequences, such as maps of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) generated from DTI and of cerebral blood volume (CBV) generated from PWI. We show clinical applications of advanced imaging techniques, combined MRS, for brain tumor.
    Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences 01/2010; 9(4):167-75. DOI:10.2463/mrms.9.167 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the findings of Thallium-201 chloride ((201)TlCl) scintigraphy and consider how to use this technique to evaluate the character of soft tissue lesions. We enrolled 91 consecutive patients (45 males and 46 females, age range 8-91-years-old). Nineteen patients were malignant and 72 were benign. Patients were scanned 15 minutes (early phase) and 3 hours (delayed phase) after (201)TlCl injection. More intense uptake in the lesion compared to the normal side was considered as 'high', the same degree of uptake was considered 'iso', and decreased uptake was 'low'. The retention index (RI) was calculated in 9 patients in the malignant group and in 16 patients in the benign group. In malignant tumors, 15 of 19 patients showed high uptake in both the early and delayed phases. One malignant fibrous histiocytoma patient was high only in the delayed phase and 1 liposarcoma patient was high only in the early phase. Two liposarcoma patients showed an iso uptake in both phases. One of these patients was pathologically diagnosed as a myxoid type. In benign lesions, no lipoma showed increased uptake. All neurogenic tumors except for 2 demonstrated high uptake. All 3 ganglions of the lower extremities showed iso uptake. Most inflammatory diseases showed increased uptake. Clinically-considered benign patients consisted of tumorous lesions or inflammatory disease. Only 2 patients were considered 'low', and these were diagnosed as intramuscular hematoma and cyst. RI was variable in both malignant and benign lesions and no statistically significant difference was seen between malignant and benign lesions by t-test (p=0.72). A high (201)TlCl uptake lesion is more frequently seen in malignant tumors, but regardless of whether the tumor is benign or malignant, according to the histopathological variety, the (201)TlCl uptake pattern can not be the only indicator to differentiate malignant from benign tumors. We ultimately need to evaluate the nature of tumors by a combination of several imaging techniques.
    The Journal of Medical Investigation 08/2009; 56(3-4):136-41. DOI:10.2152/jmi.56.136

Publication Stats

317 Citations
29.36 Total Impact Points


  • 1995–2014
    • The University of Tokushima
      • • Department of Medical Imaging
      • • Department of Radiology
      Tokusima, Tokushima, Japan
  • 2004–2006
    • University of Iowa
      • Department of Radiology
      Iowa City, Iowa, United States
  • 2002–2003
    • Ehime Prefectural Central Hospital
      Matuyama, Ehime, Japan